Search Results for "mean-streets-youth-crime-and-homelessness-cambridge-studies-in-criminology"

Mean Streets

Mean Streets

Youth Crime and Homelessness

  • Author: John Hagan,Bill McCarthy
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521646260
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 299
  • View: 4268
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This field study features intensive personal interviews of more than four hundred young people who have left home and school and are living on the streets of Toronto and Vancouver. The study examines why youth take to the streets, their struggles to survive there, their victimization and involvement in crime, their associations with other street youth, especially within "street families," their contacts with the police, and their efforts to rejoin conventional society. Major theories of youth crime are analyzed and reappraised in the context of a new social capital theory of crime.

Darfur and the Crime of Genocide

Darfur and the Crime of Genocide

  • Author: John Hagan,Wenona Rymond-Richmond
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107376122
  • Category: Law
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9795
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In 2004, the State Department gathered more than a thousand interviews from refugees in Chad that verified Colin Powell's UN and congressional testimonies about the Darfur genocide. The survey cost nearly a million dollars to conduct and yet it languished in the archives as the killing continued, claiming hundreds of thousands of murder and rape victims and restricting several million survivors to camps. This book fully examines that survey and its heartbreaking accounts. It documents the Sudanese government's enlistment of Arab Janjaweed militias in destroying black African communities. The central questions are: why is the United States so ambivalent to genocide? Why do so many scholars deemphasize racial aspects of genocide? How can the science of criminology advance understanding and protection against genocide? This book gives a vivid firsthand account and voice to the survivors of genocide in Darfur.

The Crime Drop in America

The Crime Drop in America

  • Author: Alfred Blumstein,Joel Wallman
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521681483
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 360
  • View: 2584
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Top criminologists explain the reasons for the drop in violent crime in America.

Fixing Broken Windows

Fixing Broken Windows

Restoring Order And Reducing Crime In Our Communities

  • Author: George L. Kelling,Catherine M. Coles
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN: 0684837382
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 319
  • View: 3545
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Cites successful examples of community-based policing

Economic Espionage and Industrial Spying

Economic Espionage and Industrial Spying

  • Author: Hedieh Nasheri
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521543712
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 270
  • View: 9925
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This 2005 book provides an analytic overview and assessment of the changing nature of crime in the burgeoning information society. Bringing together views from leading national and international authorities, Hedieh Nasheri explains the historical and theoretical background surrounding issues of economic espionage, trade secret theft and industrial spying and its impact on society. She looks at legislative history, the progression of electronic and corporate criminal behavior by introducing the concept of information theft and computer crimes, exploring its definition, its identification and its development within criminology. Nasheri presents an assessment of the state of economic espionage activities within a criminological context and based on that assessment addresses areas where additional action is required. The book also draws attention to a variety of issues raised by economic espionage and technological development. It draws on a variety of disciplines, including criminology, criminal justice, sociology, law and society, economics and political science.

Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment

Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment

  • Author: David Levinson
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • ISBN: 1452265291
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 2104
  • View: 9711
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Winner of Reference USA, Booklist Editor's Choice and CHOICE 2002 Outstanding Academic Title awards! `The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment provides the much-needed practices, policies, and research and will be of interest to students, teachers, and the general reader alike. This work should be on the shelves of all libraries with collections in the social sciences' - Larry E Sullivan, John Jay College of Criminal Justice With 1.5 million words in almost 500 entries, this four-volume Encyclopedia is the definitive resource for anyone interested in crime and criminal justice. The contributors to the Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment are experts from 16 countries: academics, lawyers, police, probation and prison officers, and administrators. The project was aided by an advisory board including renowned researchers and librarians from leading centres of criminal justice studies. The Encyclopedia provides readers with a comprehensive, authoritative 21st century reference resource on crime and punishment. The entries come from many sources - sociological surveys, ethnographic observation, government reports, clinical interviews, evaluation research, media reports, crime fiction and true crime literature, among others. This reference tool is of great value to practitioners and university students alike. University students interested in a career in criminal justice will find the Encyclopedia a useful overview of the entire field. Students in criminology, law, sociology, political science and other related disciplines will find it an accessible entry point into the vast and ever expanding litereature on crime and punishment. Topics covered include: - Crimes and Types of Crimes - Law and Justice - Policing and Forensics - Prisons - Victimology - Social/Cultural Contexts - Concepts and Theories - The Study of Crime and Punishment - Organizations and Institutions - Special Populations (For example: women, children, racial/ethnic groups) Features include: - Broader, more up-todate coverage than any other source on the market - 150 Illustrations - Four volumes - 2400 pages - 425 entries - A to Z format - 100 `Factoids', spotlighting important and sometimes startling, information - Over 500 photos, charts, tables, graphs - Bibliography: at end of each entry and master bibliography in Volume 4 - Chronology at the beginning of each volume - Appendices: Careers in criminal justice, professional organizations, guidance on using the Web to collect accurate information - An extensive index The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment is an essential resource for all libraries with collections in criminology and social justice.

Encyclopedia of Homelessness

Encyclopedia of Homelessness

  • Author: David Levinson
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 0761927514
  • Category: Homelessness
  • Page: 886
  • View: 8406
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A readerʼs guide is provided to assist readers in locating entries on related topics. It classifies entries into 14 general categories: Causes, Cities, Demography and Characteristics, Health issues, History, Housing, Legal issues, Advocacy and policy, Lifestyle issues, Organizations, Perceptions of homelessness, Populations, Research, Service systems and settings, World perspectives and issues.

The Routledge International Handbook of Life-Course Criminology

The Routledge International Handbook of Life-Course Criminology

  • Author: Arjan Blokland,Victor van der Geest
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 131760301X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 474
  • View: 3040
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Since its introduction in the latter half of the 1980s, the meticulous study of distinct criminal career dimensions, like onset, frequency, and crime mix, has yielded a wealth of information on the way crime develops over the life-span. Policymakers in turn have used this information in their efforts to tailor criminal justice interventions to be both effective and efficient. Life-course criminology studies the ways in which the criminal career is embedded in the totality of the individual life-course and seeks to clarify the causal mechanisms governing this process. The Routledge International Handbook of Life-Course Criminology provides an authoritative collection of international theoretical and empirical research into the way that criminal behavior develops over the life-span, which causal mechanisms are involved in shaping this development, and to what degree criminal justice interventions are successful in redirecting offenders’ criminal trajectories. Drawing upon qualitative and quantitative research this handbook covers theory, describes and compares criminal career patterns across different countries, tests current explanations of criminal development, and using cutting-edge methods, assesses the intended and unintended effects of formal interventions. This book is the first of its kind to offer a comprehensive overview of state-of-the-art developments in criminal career and life-course research, providing unique perspectives and exclusive local knowledge from over 50 international scholars. This book is an ideal companion for teachers and researchers engaged in the field of developmental and life-course criminology.

Encyclopedia of Criminological Theory

Encyclopedia of Criminological Theory

  • Author: Francis T. Cullen,Pamela Wilcox
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 1412959187
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 1176
  • View: 815
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For a free 30-day online trial to this title, visit www.sagepub.com/freetrial This two-volume set is designed to serve as a reference source for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary criminological theory. Drawing together a team of international scholars, it examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them, presenting them in a context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. The work provides essays on cutting-edge research as well as concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Topics include contexts and concepts in criminological theory, the social construction of crime, policy implications of theory, diversity and intercultural contexts, conflict theory, rational choice theories, conservative criminology, feminist theory, and more. Key ThemesThe Classical School of CriminologyThe Positivist School of CriminologyEarly American Theories of CrimeBiological and Biosocial Theories of CrimePsychological Theories of CrimeThe Chicago School of CriminologyCultural and Learning Theories of CrimeAnomie and Strain Theories of Crime and DevianceControl Theories of CrimeLabeling and Interactionist Theories of CrimeTheories of the Criminal SanctionConflict, Radical, and Critical Theories of CrimeFeminist and Gender-Specific Theories of CrimeChoice and Opportunity Theories of CrimeMacro-Level/ Community Theories of CrimeLife-Course and Developmental Theories of CrimeIntegrated Theories of CrimeTheories of White-Collar and Corporate CrimeContemporary Gang TheoriesTheories of Prison Behavior and InsurgencyTheories of Fear and Concern About Crime

Sex Differences in Antisocial Behaviour

Sex Differences in Antisocial Behaviour

Conduct Disorder, Delinquency, and Violence in the Dunedin Longitudinal Study

  • Author: Terrie E. Moffitt
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521010665
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 278
  • View: 8607
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A fresh approach to sex differences in the causes, course and consequences of antisocial behaviour.

The Oxford Handbook of Gender, Sex, and Crime

The Oxford Handbook of Gender, Sex, and Crime

  • Author: Rosemary Gartner,Bill McCarthy
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 0199838704
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 723
  • View: 6300
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The editors, Rosemary Gartner and Bill McCarthy, have assembled a diverse cast of criminologists, historians, legal scholars, psychologists, and sociologists from a number of countries to discuss key concepts and debates central to the field. The Handbook includes examinations of the historical and contemporary patterns of women's and men's involvement in crime; as well as biological, psychological, and social science perspectives on gender, sex, and criminal activity. Several essays discuss the ways in which sex and gender influence legal and popular reactions to crime. An important theme throughout The Handbook is the intersection of sex and gender with ethnicity, class, age, peer groups, and community as influences on crime and justice. Individual chapters investigate both conventional topics - such as domestic abuse and sexual violence - and topics that have only recently drawn the attention of scholars - such as human trafficking, honor killing, gender violence during war, state rape, and genocide.

Crime and Punishment in America

Crime and Punishment in America

  • Author: Elliott Currie
  • Publisher: Macmillan
  • ISBN: 1250024218
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 6988
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An acclaimed criminologist examines America's ongoing war against violent crime, arguing that ever-increasing rates of imprisonment have not reduced--and will not reduce--crime rates and offering a range of tested alternatives based on deterrence. Tour.

Delinquent Networks

Delinquent Networks

Youth Co-Offending in Stockholm

  • Author: Jerzy Sarnecki
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9781139430579
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3028
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This book presents a study of co-offering relations among youths under twenty-one suspected of criminal offences in Stockholm during 1991–5. In total, the study includes just over 22,000 individuals suspected of around 29,000 offences. Jerzy Sarnecki employs the methods of network analysis which makes it possible to study the ties, social bonds, interactions, differential associations and connections that are central to many of the sociologically oriented theories on the aetiology of crime. Up to now, network analysis has been used only rarely in the criminological context. The book discusses many aspects of Stockholm's delinquent networks such as the existence of delinquent gangs and a criminal underworld, the durability of delinquent relations, and the choice of co-offenders with respect to sex, age, residential location, ethnic background and earlier delinquent experience. It also considers the effects of societal intervention on criminal networks. This unique study will appeal to a wide audience.

The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Theory

The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Theory

  • Author: Eugene McLaughlin,Tim Newburn
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • ISBN: 1412920388
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 532
  • View: 9036
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An indispensable international resource, The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Theory provides readers with a clear overview of criminological theory, enabling them to reflect critically upon the traditional, emergent and desirable theoretical positions of the discipline.This handbook is essential for libraries and scholars of all levels studying the rapidly developing, interdisciplinary field of criminology.

An Introduction to Criminological Theory

An Introduction to Criminological Theory

  • Author: Marilyn McShane
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135632731
  • Category: Reference
  • Page: 300
  • View: 7766
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First Published in 1997. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Policing Gangs in America

Policing Gangs in America

  • Author: Charles M. Katz,Vincent J. Webb
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9781139448277
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6061
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Policing Gangs in America describes the assumptions, issues, problems, and events that characterize, shape, and define the police response to gangs in America today. The focus of this 2006 book is on the gang unit officers themselves and the environment in which they work. A discussion of research, statistical facts, theory, and policy with regard to gangs, gang members, and gang activity is used as a backdrop. The book is broadly focused on describing how gang units respond to community gang problems, and answers such questions as: why do police agencies organize their responses to gangs in certain ways? Who are the people who elect to police gangs? How do they make sense of gang members - individuals who spark fear in most citizens? What are their jobs really like? What characterizes their working environment? How do their responses to the gang problem fit with other policing strategies, such as community policing?

Juvenile Delinquency

Juvenile Delinquency

An Integrated Approach

  • Author: James W. Burfeind,Dawn Jeglum Bartusch
  • Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
  • ISBN: 9780763736286
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 675
  • View: 6989
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Juvenile Delinquency: An Integrated Approach provides a thorough examination of the primary theories of delinquency along with the most recent and relevant research in the field. The social contexts of delinquency—families, peers, schools, drugs, and gangs—are considered within the theoretical traditions that most actively address these arenas. With a writing style praised by reviewers and students alike, Burfeind and Bartusch do an outstanding job helping students understand juvenile delinquency.

Third Party Policing

Third Party Policing

  • Author: Lorraine Mazerolle,Janet Ransley
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9781139447515
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 2656
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Third party policing represents a major shift in contemporary crime control practices. As the lines blur between criminal and civil law, responsibility for crime control no longer rests with state agencies but is shared between a wide range of organisations, institutions or individuals. The first comprehensive book of its kind, Third Party Policing examines this growing phenomenon, arguing that it is the legal basis of third party policing that defines it as a unique strategy. Opening up the debate surrounding this controversial topic, the authors examine civil and regulatory controls necessary to this strategy and explore the historical, legal, political and organizational environment that shape its adoption. This innovative book combines original research with a theoretical framework that reaches far beyond criminology into politics and economics. It offers an important addition to the world-wide debate about the nature and future of policing and will prove invaluable to scholars and policy makers.

The Criminal Career

The Criminal Career

The Danish Longitudinal Study

  • Author: Britta Kyvsgaard
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9781139434713
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3276
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How can the average 'criminal career' be characterized and how common are career criminals? Does offending become more specialized and/or more serious as people get older? Do female careers in crime differ from those of males in substance or only in magnitude? Britta Kyvsgaard examines these questions through her longitudinal analysis of the life circumstances and criminal pursuits of 45,000 Danish offenders. This 2002 book provides a remarkably broad assessment of the full spectrum of criminal career patterns. The data, unparalleled in size and quality, allows powerful analyses of criminal behavior, even among relatively small demographic subgroups. Kyvsgaard is thus able to make solid assessments of offending patterns for males and females, juveniles and middle-aged adults, and employed and unemployed individuals. Furthermore, she examines the empirical evidence of the effects of deterrence and incapacitation. Her findings suggest rehabilitation as an alternative worthy of further research.

The Globalisation of Crime

The Globalisation of Crime

Understanding Transitional Relationships in Context

  • Author: Mark Findlay
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521789837
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 246
  • View: 3348
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On a contracting world stage, crime is a major player in globalization and is as much a feature of the emergent globalized culture as are other forms of consumerism. The Globalization of Crime charts crime's evolution. It analyses how globalization has enhanced material crime relationships such that they must be understood on the same terms as any other significant market force. Trends in criminalization, crime and social development, crime and social control, the political economy of crime, and crime in transitional cultures are all examined in order to understand the role of crime as an agent of social change and present an integrated theory of crime and social context. This was the first book to challenge existing analyses of crime in the context of global transition, and show that crime is as much a force for globalization as globalization is a force for crime.