Search Results for "measuring-women-s-political-empowerment-across-the-globe"

Measuring Women’s Political Empowerment across the Globe

Measuring Women’s Political Empowerment across the Globe

Strategies, Challenges and Future Research

  • Author: Amy C. Alexander,Catherine Bolzendahl,Farida Jalalzai
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319640062
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 303
  • View: 7076
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This volume brings together leading gender and politics scholars to assess how women’s political empowerment can best be conceptualized and measured on a global scale. It argues that women’s political empowerment is a fundamental process of transformation for benchmarking and understanding all political empowerment gains across the globe. Chapters improve our global understanding of women's political empowerment through cross-national comparisons, a synthesis of methodological approaches across varied levels of politics, and attention to the ways gender intersects with myriad factors in shaping women’s political empowerment. This book is an indispensable resource for scholars of politics and gender, as well as being relevant to a global scholarly and policy community.

Gender and Representation in Latin America

Gender and Representation in Latin America

  • Author: Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190851244
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 6481
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Just as Latin American countries began to transition to democracy in the late 1970s and early 1980s, the region also saw gains in social, cultural and economic gender equality. In accordance with modernization theories, women in the region have also made significant inroads into elected office. However, these gains vary a great deal between countries in Latin America. They also vary significantly at different levels of government even within the same country. Inside government arenas, representation is highly gendered with rules and norms that advantage men and disadvantage women, limiting women's access to full political power. While one might expect these variations to map onto socioeconomic and cultural conditions within each country, they don't correlate. This book makes, for the first time, a comprehensive comparison of gender and representation across the region -- in seven countries -- and at five different levels: the presidency, cabinets, national legislatures, political parties, and subnational governments. Overall, it argues that gender inequality in political representation in Latin America is rooted in democratic institutions and the democratic challenges and political crises facing the region. Institutions and political context not only influence the number of women and men elected to office, but also what they do once in office, the degree of power to which they gain access, and how their presence and actions influence democracy and society, more broadly. Drawing on the expertise of scholars of women, gender, and political institutions, this book is the most comprehensive analysis of women's representation in Latin America to date, and an important resource for research on women's representation worldwide. The causes, consequences, and challenges to women's representation in Latin America are not unique to that region, and the book uses Latin American patterns to draw broad conclusions about gendered representation in other areas of the world.

Trends in Gender Equality and Women’s Advancement

Trends in Gender Equality and Women’s Advancement

  • Author: Ms. Janet Gale Stotsky
  • Publisher: International Monetary Fund
  • ISBN: 1498330312
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 62
  • View: 1829
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This paper examines trends in indicators of gender equality and women’s development, using evidence derived from individual indicators and gender equality indices. We extend both the United Nations Development Program’s Gender Development Index and Gender Inequality Index to examine time trends. In recent decades, the world has moved closer to gender equality and narrowed gaps in education, health, and economic and political opportunity; however, substantial differences remain, especially in South Asia, the Middle East, and sub-Saharan Africa. The results suggest countries can make meaningful improvements in gender equality, even while significant income differences between countries remain.

Statistics, Knowledge and Policy 2007 Measuring and Fostering the Progress of Societies

Statistics, Knowledge and Policy 2007 Measuring and Fostering the Progress of Societies

Measuring and Fostering the Progress of Societies

  • Author: OECD
  • Publisher: OECD Publishing
  • ISBN: 9264043241
  • Category:
  • Page: 564
  • View: 8811
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OECD's 2nd World Forum on Statistics, Knowledge and Policy held in Istanbul in June 2007 brought together a diverse group of leaders from more than 130 countries to discuss issues surrounding use of statistics in policy making. This proceedings includes 40 papers presented at that event.

Women and Empowerment

Women and Empowerment

Approaches and Strategies

  • Author: Sushama Sahay
  • Publisher: Discovery Publishing House
  • ISBN: 9788171414123
  • Category: Women
  • Page: 235
  • View: 8737
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The empowerment of women by their increased participation in all aspects of political, social and economic life has become one of the major goals of democratic and participatory movements, as well as women s organizations throughout the world. Beyond offering an understanding why empower women, concept and framework for women s empowerment, this book seeks to discuss the approaches and strategies for empowering women by outlining the strategies, mechanisms and tools that women are using for their empowerment. An important and timely contribution to a major ongoing debate on women s empowerment, this book will interest all those involved with women studies, rural development, and voluntary, initiatives at the grossroots level.

Intersectionality und Kritik

Intersectionality und Kritik

  • Author: Vera Kallenberg,Jennifer Meyer
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3531177265
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 310
  • View: 6799
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Die bisherigen Debatten um Intersectionality haben gezeigt, dass sich eine kontextunabhängige Definition von Intersektionalität nicht angeben lässt. Darüber hinaus bezeugt das ungebrochene Interesse an dieser Debatte, dass es eines kritischen Reflexionsinstrumentes von Ungleichheit und Differenz in Wissenschaft und Politik bedarf. Was also ist das Verhältnis von Intersektionalität und Kritik respektive kann Intersektionalität kritisch sein? Dieser Band behandelt die Frage in dreierlei Hinsicht: Erstens wird Intersectionality im Spannungsfeld von wissenschaftlichen und politischen Praktiken analysiert. Zweitens wird Intersectionality als Methodenreflexion, das heißt als Kritik an herkömmlichen Methoden der jeweiligen Disziplinen, präsentiert. Drittens werden Ansätze diskutiert, die Intersectionality als kritisches Instrument für die Reflexion von Geschichte und Gesellschaft fruchtbar machen.

Whither Women: A Shift from Endowment to Empowerment

Whither Women: A Shift from Endowment to Empowerment

  • Author: Dr. Smita Nayak
  • Publisher: EduPedia Publications (P) Ltd
  • ISBN: 1523724110
  • Category:
  • Page: 306
  • View: 7779
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Women, who constitute almost half of the world’s population, perform nearly two thirds of all working hours, receives one tenth of world’s income and own less than 1 percent of world’s property are identified as most vulnerable subaltern group. The subordinate status of women as second fiddle to their male counterpart has been legitimized in the psycho-socio-economic-cultural domain/tradition. Women, cutting across caste, class, wellbeing and culture are denied of their own ontology/autonomy, being and becoming, a clear image or self esteem. Back home, in India the position of women in just as an image of domestic doulas, a prisoner of the comfortable concentration camp. The Indian women suffer from lack of self and space, disempowerment, disprivilege, disadvantage, sexist discrimination, gender inequality, invisibility, asymmetries and marginalization. Despite of the principles of gender equality being enshrined in our constitution and despite the state being empowered to adopt measure of positive discrimination in favour of women, still in India they continue to bear the brunt of societal discrimination. It we look at any development parameters say it is health, education, employment, mortality rate; we find the women in India are on very weak footing. The low social status of women in India is clearly visible from global Human Development Index, which ranks India as 118 among 177 nations on gender equality. To address the issue of gender inequality and for attainment of a gender just society, ‘empowerment of women’ appeared to be significant social and political developments of 20th century, marked a turning point in the history of unequal gender relations, paving the way for a major civilizational transformation. Today, in 21st century the concept of empowerment of women has become central to every development received wide acclamation in the 4th World conference on women held in Beijing in 1995, which observed that “women empowerment and their full participation on the basis of equality in all spheres of society, including participation in the decision making process and access to power, are fundamental for the advancement of equality, development and peace.” However, the campaign for women empowerment became foremost feminist agenda since mid 1980s. The concept of ‘women empowerment’, as looked by Prof. Amartya Sen, is a process by which a woman is ensured with access and choice. It is a process of equipping the women with power, opportunities to assert for her rights and identity in the society. It is against the practice of segregation and subjugation of women and makes an advocacy or the integration of women and identity formation by the women in the local, national and the global forum. However, the entire process of women’s journey from endowment to empowerment, the picture looks quite gloomy, as if their century’s long struggle finds them in whithertheir position. To achieve genuine empowerment, women of India have to swim upstream so as to be able to defeat the traditional forces of logo centrism of the norm-based society. This edited volume is concerned with issues pertaining to gender inequality and women empowerment. One of the most urgent challenges now facing human kind is to halt and reverse the growing deterioration in the gender relations that has augmented social disharmony and imbalances. Every country, large and small irrespective of its richness and culture is confronted with this basic human question of gender equality and gender justice. With the emergence of globalization, with free market economy, gender issues effecting status of women and their empowerment question has taken a changed dimension attracting research concern and scholarly attention. Since many issues and current developments concerning status of women are now in the history of gender relations, more research is needed to unfold the myth and reality. This edited volume, aims at and ready to tell how women empowerment has reached to its present state. This volume also examines the rapid changes in gender relations since the 4th International conference on women at Beijing in 1995 and defines the important shifts in the domain of gender equality and women’s empowerment. Even in India, the elite patriarch monopolizing state power, once considered the driving force for gender equality are moving away from their commitment, which was very much proved with the defeat of the women reservation bill in the Parliament. This exposes the approach of grand Indian political patriarch to the whole question of gender equality and women empowerment leaving the space for civil society to intervene and act towards its defence. In this volume, attempt has been made to include and accommodate various issue and dimensions of gender relations, gender inequality and gender gap, national and international initiative to address growing societal insensitiveness towards the women, the changing realities pertaining gender equality and women empowerment impacting their present status. This volume, however sought response to some fundamental question on the issue such as, Do women adequately figure in the development retaining their identity? Have the women came out of the cultural and environmental constraints to take effective roles in public domain. At this backdrop the editors hope that this volume through empirical findings and theoretical insights of different authors/ contributors may provide answers to some aspects of these questions.

Measuring Empowerment

Measuring Empowerment

Cross-disciplinary Perspectives

  • Author: Deepa Narayan-Parker
  • Publisher: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN: 0821360574
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 475
  • View: 805
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Large-scale poverty reduction depends on the effective empowerment of poor people themselves. This publication sets out a conceptual framework that can be used to monitor and evaluate empowerment programmes, based on papers written by practitioners and researchers in a wide variety of fields, including economics and political science, sociology and psychology, anthropology and demography. These papers draw on research and practical experience at different levels, from households to communities to nations and in various regions of the world.

Arab Spring and Arab Women

Arab Spring and Arab Women

  • Author: Muhamad Olimat
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317937376
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 200
  • View: 3220
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This volume examines the role of Arab women in Arab Spring and their contribution to the ongoing process of change sweeping the region. The book begins with an examination of the process of democratization and its impediments in the Arab World since the Second World War. It then looks at the conditions that led to the upsurge of the so-called Arab Spring. Finally, it underscores women’s role as participants, organizers, leaders, but also as victims. The main thesis of the book is that while Arab women were an integral part of the revolutionary efforts within the Arab Spring paradigm, they did not benefit from their sacrifices. Although they continue to be part of the process of change, their gains, rights and scope for participation are still limited. If the expansion of women’s participation and the scope of their rights do not seem to be a priority for revolutionary forces, women have made remarkable achievements, especially in some Arab Spring countries such as Yemen and Libya. The book includes case studies of some Arab Spring countries and other countries influenced by developments: Egypt, Bahrain, Kuwait, Libya, Yemen, Algeria, Jordan, Morocco and Saudi Arabia. It calls on revolutionary and reformist forces to give special attention to issues related to Arab women, as they are an indispensable pillar in the process of reform, development, peace and stability in the Middle East.

The Global Gender Gap Report 2009

The Global Gender Gap Report 2009

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: World Economic Forum
  • ISBN: 9295044282
  • Category: Sex discrimination
  • Page: 196
  • View: 8523
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"The Index benchmarks national gender gaps on economic, political, education- and health-based criteria, and provides country rankings that allow for effective comparions across regions and income groups, over time"-- Page 3.

The World's Women, 2000

The World's Women, 2000

Trends and Statistics

  • Author: United Nations,United Nations. Statistical Division
  • Publisher: United Nations Publications
  • ISBN: 9789211614282
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 180
  • View: 5543
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New and updated statistics on population, the family, health, education and communication, work, and politics and human rights in relation to women.

‘For those who’ve come across the seas...’

‘For those who’ve come across the seas...’

Australian Multicultural Theory, Policy and Practice

  • Author: Andrew Jakubowicz, Christina Ho
  • Publisher: Anthem Press
  • ISBN: 1783081236
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 312
  • View: 7006
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Women’s Empowerment and Nutrition

Women’s Empowerment and Nutrition

An Evidence Review

  • Author: Mara van den Bold,Agnes R. Quisumbing,Stuart Gillespie
  • Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 80
  • View: 5537
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Many development programs that aim to alleviate poverty and improve investments in human capital consider women’s empowerment a key pathway by which to achieve impact and often target women as their main beneficiaries. Despite this, women’s empowerment dimensions are often not rigorously measured and are at times merely assumed. This paper starts by reflecting on the concept and measurement of women’s empowerment and then reviews some of the structural interventions that aim to influence underlying gender norms in society and eradicate gender discrimination. It then proceeds to review the evidence of the impact of three types of interventions—cash transfer programs, agricultural interventions, and microfinance programs—on women’s empowerment, nutrition, or both. Qualitative evidence on conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs generally points to positive impacts on women’s empowerment, although quantitative research findings are more heterogenous. CCT programs produce mixed results on long-term nutritional status, and very limited evidence exists of their impacts on micronutrient status. The little evidence available on unconditional cash transters (UCT) indicates mixed impacts on women’s empowerment and positive impacts on nutrition; however, recent reviews comparing CCT and UCT programs have found little difference in terms of their effects on stunting and they have found that conditionality is less important than other factors, such as access to healthcare and child age and sex. Evidence of cash transfer program impacts depending on the gender of the transfer recipient or on the conditionality is also mixed, although CCTs with non-health conditionalities seem to have negative impacts on nutritional status. The impacts of programs based on the gender of the transfer recipient show mixed results, but almost no experimental evidence exists of testing gender-differentiated impacts of a single program. Agricultural interventions—specifically home gardening and dairy projects—show mixed impacts on women’s empowerment measures such as time, workload, and control over income; but they demonstrate very little impact on nutrition. Implementation modalities are shown to determine differential impacts in terms of empowerment and nutrition outcomes. With regard to the impact of microfinance on women’s empowerment, evidence is also mixed, although more recent reviews do not find any impact on women’s empowerment. The impact of microfinance on nutritional status is mixed, with no evidence of impact on micronutrient status. Across all three types of programs (cash transfer programs, agricultural interventions, and microfinance programs), very little evidence exists on pathways of impact, and evidence is often biased toward a particular region. The paper ends with a discussion of the findings and remaining evidence gaps and an outline of recommendations for research.

Proceedings of the Ninth Conference of the European Society for Central Asian Studies

Proceedings of the Ninth Conference of the European Society for Central Asian Studies

  • Author: Tomasz Gacek,Jadwiga Pstrusińska
  • Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • ISBN: 1443815020
  • Category: Art
  • Page: 480
  • View: 3344
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This is an important book which will greatly aid readers in their knowledge of Central Asia, one of the crucial regions in the contemporary world. It contains papers reflecting the interdisciplinary quality of recent research carried out in many academic institutions dealing with the region. In this volume, which undertakes the supreme challenge of understanding this vast area of Eurasia, acknowledged experts offer their findings on such important topics as history, archaeology, sociology, anthropology, language, literature, religion, philosophy, civil society and human rights, political science, economics and the environment. This collection undoubtedly constitutes a key gateway to study of the region through the advanced, accurate and scholarly information required by contemporary academia.

Rethinking Empowerment

Rethinking Empowerment

Gender and Development in a Global/Local World

  • Author: Jane L. Parpart,Shirin M. Rai,Kathleen A. Staudt
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134472110
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 7697
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Rethinking Empowerment looks at the changing role of women in developing countries and calls for a new approach to empowerment. An approach that adopts a more nuanced, feminist interpretation of power and em(power)ment, recognises that local empowerment is always embedded in regional, national and global contexts, pays attention to institutional structures and politics and acknowledges that empowerment is both a process and an outcome. Moreover, the book warns that an obsession with measurement rather than process can undermine efforts to foster transformative and empowering outcomes. It concludes that power must be restored as the centrepiece of empowerment. Only then will the term and its advocates provide meaningful ammunition for dealing with the challenges of an increasingly unequal, and often sexist, global/local world.

Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women

Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women

Global Women's Issues and Knowledge

  • Author: Cheris Kramarae,Dale Spender
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135963150
  • Category: Reference
  • Page: 2050
  • View: 7949
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For a full list of entries and contributors, sample entries, and more, visit the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women website. Featuring comprehensive global coverage of women's issues and concerns, from violence and sexuality to feminist theory, the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women brings the field into the new millennium. In over 900 signed A-Z entries from US and Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania, and the Middle East, the women who pioneered the field from its inception collaborate with the new scholars who are shaping the future of women's studies to create the new standard work for anyone who needs information on women-related subjects.

Sexus und Herrschaft

Sexus und Herrschaft

Die Tyrannei des Mannes in unserer Gesellschaft

  • Author: Kate Millett
  • Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch
  • ISBN: 3462411209
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 496
  • View: 2736
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»Sexus und Herrschaft« ist Kate Milletts erstes Buch. Es erschien 1969 und machte die Autorin über Nacht berühmt. Übersetzungen in zahlreiche Sprachen folgten. Kate Millett stellt in ihrem Buch die These auf, daß Sexualität ein politisches Instrument ist und der Koitus, die scheinbar intimste Beziehung zwischen den Geschlechtern, dem Patriarchat zur Unterdrückung und Demütigung der Frau dient. Als Beleg für ihre These analysiert sie die Werke von Autoren wie D. H. Lawrence, Henry Miller, Norman Mailer, Jean Genet. Das Buch gehört seit seinem Erscheinen zu den Standardwerken der Frauenbewegung.

Women and Media in the Middle East

Women and Media in the Middle East

Power Through Self-expression

  • Author: Naomi Sakr
  • Publisher: I.B.Tauris
  • ISBN: 0857730215
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 4214
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Are women benefiting from current changes in the Middle East media? With media all over the world still marginalizing women and trivializing gender inequalities, how does the situation in the Middle East compare? Proliferating satellite channels have increased women’s visibility in the region but visibility does not necessarily confer power. This book explores various ways in which media have been used to open up possibilities for women in the Middle East or, conversely, to restrict them. Having as their starting point the diverse experiences and multi-layered identities of women, the contributors treat media institutions and practices as part of wider power relations in society. By analyzing media production, consumption and texts, they reveal where and how gender boundaries have been erected or crossed. In eleven chapters, Women and Media in the Middle East spans both the region, from Iran to Morocco, and the media, from film and broadcasting to the press and internet. It looks back at women’s journalism in pre-1952 Egypt and forward to future trends in women’s internet use. One chapter shows how Maghrebi women filmmakers achieved a belated symbolic liberation for the ‘colonized of the colonized’. Another reveals how Egyptian political films link the representation of women to nationalist ideals. A study of the women’s press in Iran shows how it forced gender to the forefront of government concerns, while an investigation of Kuwait’s mainstream press uncovers duplicity in the struggle over female suffrage. A chapter on audience reception exposes clashing identity constructions and competing knowledge systems in a rural community. Further chapters explore an experiment in gender awareness programming on Palestinian TV and women’s role on Hezbollah’s television station, Al-Manar. The book begins by considering whether research on women and media in other contexts can be applied to the Middle East. It ends by discussing the careers of seven well-knon Arab women journalists. Rich and illuminating, this highly original book will be useful to scholars, media professionals and general readers interested in women’s studies, media and shifting power structures in the Middle East.

Poverty, Agency, and Human Rights

Poverty, Agency, and Human Rights

  • Author: Diana Tietjens Meyers
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199396906
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 336
  • View: 1065
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Poverty, Agency, and Human Rights collects thirteen new essays that analyze how human agency relates to poverty and human rights respectively as well as how agency mediates issues concerning poverty and social and economic human rights. No other collection of philosophical papers focuses on the diverse ways poverty impacts the agency of the poor, the reasons why poverty alleviation schemes should also promote the agency of beneficiaries, and the fitness of the human rights regime to secure both economic development and free agency. The book is divided into four parts. Part 1 considers the diverse meanings of poverty both from the standpoint of the poor and from that of the relatively well-off. Part 2 examines morally appropriate responses to poverty on the part of persons who are better-off and powerful institutions. Part 3 identifies economic development strategies that secure the agency of the beneficiaries. Part 4 addresses the constraints poverty imposes on agency in the context of biomedical research, migration for work, and trafficking in persons.