Search Results for "measuring-women-s-political-empowerment-across-the-globe"

Measuring Women’s Political Empowerment across the Globe

Measuring Women’s Political Empowerment across the Globe

Strategies, Challenges and Future Research

  • Author: Amy C. Alexander,Catherine Bolzendahl,Farida Jalalzai
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319640062
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 303
  • View: 3512
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This volume brings together leading gender and politics scholars to assess how women’s political empowerment can best be conceptualized and measured on a global scale. It argues that women’s political empowerment is a fundamental process of transformation for benchmarking and understanding all political empowerment gains across the globe. Chapters improve our global understanding of women's political empowerment through cross-national comparisons, a synthesis of methodological approaches across varied levels of politics, and attention to the ways gender intersects with myriad factors in shaping women’s political empowerment. This book is an indispensable resource for scholars of politics and gender, as well as being relevant to a global scholarly and policy community.

The Global Gender Gap Report 2009

The Global Gender Gap Report 2009

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: World Economic Forum
  • ISBN: 9295044282
  • Category: Sex discrimination
  • Page: 196
  • View: 3065
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"The Index benchmarks national gender gaps on economic, political, education- and health-based criteria, and provides country rankings that allow for effective comparions across regions and income groups, over time"-- Page 3.

Women Presidents of Latin America

Women Presidents of Latin America

Beyond Family Ties?

  • Author: Farida Jalalzai
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317668359
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 240
  • View: 6337
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Women are gaining ground as presidents of Latin America. Women leaders in presidential systems (particularly women directly elected by the public) were generally limited to daughters and wives of male executives or opposition leaders. With the election of Michelle Bachelet in Chile, these traditional patterns appeared to be shifting. This book asks: what conditions allowed for a broadening of routes, beyond family ties, for women in Latin America? Do women presidents of Latin America use their powers to enhance women’s representation? While providing valuable insight into the big picture of women in presidential politics throughout Latin America over the last several decades, this book more closely analyzes four women presidents gaining office since 2006: Michelle Bachelet (Chile) Cristina Fernández (Argentina) Laura Chinchilla (Costa Rica) and Dilma Rousseff (Brazil). It assesses the paths and impacts of Latin American women presidents and scrutinizes the ways gender shapes both aspects. No other scholar has offered such an in-depth analysis of the paths and actions of women presidents of Latin America. As such, this book offers important contributions to the gender in politics literature. Its multi-methodological approach consisting of original data collection from field work and in person interviews of political elites and experts combined with an analysis of a host of secondary sources including media articles and public opinion data makes this work exceptionally comprehensive. Its findings are applicable to those studying women, gender, and politics as well as comparative politics, Latin American politics, and leadership studies.

Gender and Representation in Latin America

Gender and Representation in Latin America

  • Author: Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190851244
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 6466
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Just as Latin American countries began to transition to democracy in the late 1970s and early 1980s, the region also saw gains in social, cultural and economic gender equality. In accordance with modernization theories, women in the region have also made significant inroads into elected office. However, these gains vary a great deal between countries in Latin America. They also vary significantly at different levels of government even within the same country. Inside government arenas, representation is highly gendered with rules and norms that advantage men and disadvantage women, limiting women's access to full political power. While one might expect these variations to map onto socioeconomic and cultural conditions within each country, they don't correlate. This book makes, for the first time, a comprehensive comparison of gender and representation across the region -- in seven countries -- and at five different levels: the presidency, cabinets, national legislatures, political parties, and subnational governments. Overall, it argues that gender inequality in political representation in Latin America is rooted in democratic institutions and the democratic challenges and political crises facing the region. Institutions and political context not only influence the number of women and men elected to office, but also what they do once in office, the degree of power to which they gain access, and how their presence and actions influence democracy and society, more broadly. Drawing on the expertise of scholars of women, gender, and political institutions, this book is the most comprehensive analysis of women's representation in Latin America to date, and an important resource for research on women's representation worldwide. The causes, consequences, and challenges to women's representation in Latin America are not unique to that region, and the book uses Latin American patterns to draw broad conclusions about gendered representation in other areas of the world.

Women and Microfinance in the Global South

Women and Microfinance in the Global South

Empowerment and Disempowerment Outcomes

  • Author: Lynn Horton
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1108314279
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 266
  • View: 8213
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Originally conceived as small-scale loans allowing impoverished women to invest in informal sector economic opportunities, microfinance programs have grown rapidly across the globe over the past two decades to become the most common development tool used to empower women in low- and middle-income countries. Women and Microfinance in the Global South incorporates a meta-synthesis of thirty qualitative empirical cases from Asia, Africa, and Latin America to explore the links between microfinance and women's empowerment, questioning how microfinance facilitates the economic and socio-political empowerment of women. The theoretical framework assesses both positive and negative outcomes of microfinance at the grassroots level, considering how such market-based interventions intersect with patriarchal beliefs and practices, and analyses the different mechanisms through which microfinance can empower or disempower women. It will interest scholars of developmental studies and women's issues, as well as practitioners, NGOs, and policymakers.

The Seductions of Quantification

The Seductions of Quantification

Measuring Human Rights, Gender Violence, and Sex Trafficking

  • Author: Sally Engle Merry
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022626131X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 2734
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We live in a world where seemingly everything can be measured. We rely on indicators to translate social phenomena into simple, quantified terms, which in turn can be used to guide individuals, organizations, and governments in establishing policy. Yet counting things requires finding a way to make them comparable. And in the process of translating the confusion of social life into neat categories, we inevitably strip it of context and meaning—and risk hiding or distorting as much as we reveal. With The Seductions of Quantification, leading legal anthropologist Sally Engle Merry investigates the techniques by which information is gathered and analyzed in the production of global indicators on human rights, gender violence, and sex trafficking. Although such numbers convey an aura of objective truth and scientific validity, Merry argues persuasively that measurement systems constitute a form of power by incorporating theories about social change in their design but rarely explicitly acknowledging them. For instance, the US State Department’s Trafficking in Persons Report, which ranks countries in terms of their compliance with antitrafficking activities, assumes that prosecuting traffickers as criminals is an effective corrective strategy—overlooking cultures where women and children are frequently sold by their own families. As Merry shows, indicators are indeed seductive in their promise of providing concrete knowledge about how the world works, but they are implemented most successfully when paired with context-rich qualitative accounts grounded in local knowledge.

Measuring Empowerment

Measuring Empowerment

Cross-disciplinary Perspectives

  • Author: Deepa Narayan-Parker
  • Publisher: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN: 0821360574
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 475
  • View: 8735
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Large-scale poverty reduction depends on the effective empowerment of poor people themselves. This publication sets out a conceptual framework that can be used to monitor and evaluate empowerment programmes, based on papers written by practitioners and researchers in a wide variety of fields, including economics and political science, sociology and psychology, anthropology and demography. These papers draw on research and practical experience at different levels, from households to communities to nations and in various regions of the world.

UN Millennium Development Library: Taking Action

UN Millennium Development Library: Taking Action

Achieving Gender Equality and Empowering Women

  • Author: UN Millennium Project
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136550143
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 280
  • View: 3603
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The Millennium Development Goals, adopted at the UN Millennium Summit in 2000, are the world's targets for dramatically reducing extreme poverty in its many dimensions by 2015income poverty, hunger, disease, exclusion, lack of infrastructure and shelterwhile promoting gender equality, education, health and environmental sustainability. These bold goals can be met in all parts of the world if nations follow through on their commitments to work together to meet them. Achieving the Millennium Development Goals offers the prospect of a more secure, just, and prosperous world for all. The UN Millennium Project was commissioned by United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan to develop a practical plan of action to meet the Millennium Development Goals. As an independent advisory body directed by Professor Jeffrey D. Sachs, the UN Millennium Project submitted its recommendations to the UN Secretary General in January 2005. The core of the UN Millennium Project's work has been carried out by 10 thematic Task Forces comprising more than 250 experts from around the world, including scientists, development practitioners, parliamentarians, policymakers, and representatives from civil society, UN agencies, the World Bank, the IMF, and the private sector. This report lays out the recommendations of the UN Millennium Project Task Force on Education and Gender Equality. The Task Force recommends seven strategic priorities: strengthen postprimary education for girls while ensuring universal primary education; guarantee sexual and reproductive health and rights; reduce women's and girls' time burdens; guarantee property and inheritance rights; eliminate gender inequality in employment; increase women's participation in government; and significantly reduce violence against women. Action on these priorities will enable countries in every region of the world to achieve gender equality and women's empowerment by 2015.

Empowerment in Practice

Empowerment in Practice

From Analysis to Implementation

  • Author: Ruth Alsop,Mette Frost Bertelsen,Jeremy Holland
  • Publisher: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN: 0821364510
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 371
  • View: 9097
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"This document offers an excellent explanation of the concept of empowerment and develops a very useful framework for disentangling and clarifying the concept. It is both practical and well justified on the basis of the literature. The approach and survey instruments developed to measure empowerment are innovative and very useful. Developing an approach to empirically measure empowerment, and to track empowerment indicators over time in a way that is operationally feasible and consistent with World Bank standards is certainly an outstanding achievement."Reginer Birner, Senior Researc.

Trends in Gender Equality and Women’s Advancement

Trends in Gender Equality and Women’s Advancement

  • Author: Ms. Janet Gale Stotsky
  • Publisher: International Monetary Fund
  • ISBN: 1498330312
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 62
  • View: 9543
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This paper examines trends in indicators of gender equality and women’s development, using evidence derived from individual indicators and gender equality indices. We extend both the United Nations Development Program’s Gender Development Index and Gender Inequality Index to examine time trends. In recent decades, the world has moved closer to gender equality and narrowed gaps in education, health, and economic and political opportunity; however, substantial differences remain, especially in South Asia, the Middle East, and sub-Saharan Africa. The results suggest countries can make meaningful improvements in gender equality, even while significant income differences between countries remain.

Women in Indian Politics

Women in Indian Politics

Empowerment of Women Through Political Participation

  • Author: Niroja Sinhā
  • Publisher: Gyan Books
  • ISBN: 9788121206860
  • Category: Political participation
  • Page: 302
  • View: 9896
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Recent years have witnessed a concern at the marginal presence of women in Politics. The concern has been voiced through international for a on the one hand and national and local level women groups and academics on the other. The involvement of women in politics in now regarded as an important factor for a healthy democracy. No democracy can be termed as healthy, if half on the population does not participate in the political process. It is also being increasingly realized that participation as mere voters is not enough. It has to be followed by large scale participation in the policy-formulation and decision making process. This book is an attempt at analyzing the problems related to women s political participation in the Indian context. Gender and patriarchy have been used as the conceptual framework. The environmental factors-socio-economic, political and cultural-are in some way or the other, directly related to the norms of gender and patriarchy .

The Gendered Effects of Electoral Institutions

The Gendered Effects of Electoral Institutions

Political Engagement and Participation

  • Author: Miki Caul Kittilson,Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199608601
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 175
  • View: 5291
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The Gendered Effects of Electoral Institutions argues that in most countries women continue to lag behind men in an array of political orientations and activities. Understanding this, and why some countries have been more successful than others in decreasing gender gaps, is imperative for producing stronger and more representative democracies.

Counted Out

Counted Out

Same-Sex Relations and Americans' Definitions of Family

  • Author: Brian Powell,Catherine Blozendahl,Claudia Geist,Lala Carr Steelman
  • Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
  • ISBN: 1610447204
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 340
  • View: 7024
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When state voters passed the California Marriage Protection Act (Proposition 8) in 2008, it restricted the definition of marriage to a legal union between a man and a woman. The act’s passage further agitated an already roiling national debate about whether American notions of family could or should expand to include, for example, same-sex marriage, unmarried cohabitation, and gay adoption. But how do Americans really define family? The first study to explore this largely overlooked question, Counted Out examines currents in public opinion to assess their policy implications and predict how Americans’ definitions of family may change in the future. Counted Out broadens the scope of previous studies by moving beyond efforts to understand how Americans view their own families to examine the way Americans characterize the concept of family in general. The book reports on and analyzes the results of the authors’ Constructing the Family Surveys (2003 and 2006), which asked more than 1,500 people to explain their stances on a broad range of issues, including gay marriage and adoption, single parenthood, the influence of biological and social factors in child development, religious ideology, and the legal rights of unmarried partners. Not surprisingly, the authors find that the standard bearer for public conceptions of family continues to be a married, heterosexual couple with children. More than half of Americans also consider same-sex couples with children as family, and from 2003 to 2006 the percentages of those who believe so increased significantly—up 6 percent for lesbian couples and 5 percent for gay couples. The presence of children in any living arrangement meets with a notable degree of public approval. Less than 30 percent of Americans view heterosexual cohabitating couples without children as family, while similar couples with children count as family for nearly 80 percent. Counted Out shows that for most Americans, however, the boundaries around what they define as family are becoming more malleable with time. Counted Out demonstrates that American definitions of family are becoming more expansive. Who counts as family has far-reaching implications for policy, including health insurance coverage, end-of-life decisions, estate rights, and child custody. Public opinion matters. As lawmakers consider the future of family policy, they will want to consider the evolution in American opinion represented in this groundbreaking book. A Volume in the American Sociological Association’s Rose Series in Sociology

Statistics, Knowledge and Policy 2007 Measuring and Fostering the Progress of Societies

Statistics, Knowledge and Policy 2007 Measuring and Fostering the Progress of Societies

Measuring and Fostering the Progress of Societies

  • Author: OECD
  • Publisher: OECD Publishing
  • ISBN: 9264043241
  • Category:
  • Page: 564
  • View: 2145
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OECD's 2nd World Forum on Statistics, Knowledge and Policy held in Istanbul in June 2007 brought together a diverse group of leaders from more than 130 countries to discuss issues surrounding use of statistics in policy making. This proceedings includes 40 papers presented at that event.

The DAC Guidelines Poverty Reduction

The DAC Guidelines Poverty Reduction

  • Author: OECD
  • Publisher: OECD Publishing
  • ISBN: 9264194770
  • Category:
  • Page: 125
  • View: 477
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The DAC Guidelines on Poverty Reduction provide practical information about the nature of poverty and best practice approaches, policies, instruments and channels for tackling it.

Studies on Economic Development and Growth in Selected African Countries

Studies on Economic Development and Growth in Selected African Countries

  • Author: Almas Heshmati
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 9811044511
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 393
  • View: 7489
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This book is a collection of studies on economic development and growth in selected African countries. It consists of an introduction/summary and 15 inter-related empirical studies grouped into 5 research areas: women’s empowerment and demand for healthcare; the impact of institutions, aid, inflation and FDI on economic growth; capital structure and bank-loan growth effects; trade, mineral exports and exchange rate; and growth, productivity and efficiency in various industries. While it provides a comprehensive picture of the state of economic development and growth in most parts of the continent, the main focus is on economic development and growth in Ethiopia and Rwanda – two countries undergoing rapid economic and social development.

Teach a Woman to Fish

Teach a Woman to Fish

Overcoming Poverty Around the Globe

  • Author: Ritu Sharma
  • Publisher: St. Martin's Press
  • ISBN: 1137464267
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 288
  • View: 8781
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As the old axiom goes: "Give a man a fish and he eats for a day. Teach a man to fish and he eats for a lifetime." But teach a woman to fish, and everyone eats for a lifetime. In this firsthand account, Ritu Sharma shares how women can, and are, overcoming the forces that keep them in poverty. She chronicles her travels through four countries—Sri Lanka, Burkina Faso, Honduras, and Nicaragua—and the intimate interactions she had with the women living there. Sharma's story not only details her experiences, but also looks at the broader systems that prevent women from leaving poverty behind. From lack of property rights and government corruption to the scarcity of basic infrastructure like roads, these women are restricted by the external limitations placed upon them. Sharma draws from her experiences to frame a larger exploration of how Americans can be instrumental in helping women break free of restrictive systems and begin to facilitate women's upward mobility. Written in her engaging personal voice, Teach a Woman to Fish provides an insider's look at women in poverty, how Washington works, and how change really happens—from the United States to the rest of the world.

Rising Tide

Rising Tide

Gender Equality and Cultural Change Around the World

  • Author: Ronald Inglehart,Pippa Norris
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521529501
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 226
  • View: 963
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The twentieth century gave rise to profound changes in traditional sex roles. However, the force of this 'rising tide' has varied among rich and poor societies around the globe, as well as among younger and older generations. Rising Tide sets out to understand how modernization has changed cultural attitudes towards gender equality and to analyze the political consequences of this process. The core argument suggests that women and men's lives have been altered in a two-stage modernization process consisting of (i) the shift from agrarian to industrialized societies and (ii) the move from industrial towards post industrial societies. This book is the first to systematically compare attitudes towards gender equality worldwide, comparing almost 70 nations that run the gamut from rich to poor, agrarian to postindustrial. Rising Tide is essential reading for those interested in understanding issues of comparative politics, public opinion, political behavior, political development, and political sociology.