Search Results for "medicine-and-public-health-in-latin-america"

Medicine and Public Health in Latin America

Medicine and Public Health in Latin America

  • Author: Marcos Cueto,Steven Palmer
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 110702367X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 318
  • View: 1612
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This book provides a clear, broad, and provocative synthesis of the history of Latin American medicine.

Medicine and Public Health in Latin America

Medicine and Public Health in Latin America

A History

  • Author: Marcos Cueto,Steven Palmer
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1316123367
  • Category: History
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3671
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Despite several studies on the social, cultural, and political histories of medicine and of public health in different parts of Latin America and the Caribbean, local and national focuses still predominate, and there are few panoramic studies that analyze the overarching tendencies in the development of health in the region. This comprehensive book summarizes the social history of medicine, medical education, and public health in Latin America and places it in dialogue with the international historiographical currents in medicine and health. Ultimately, this text provides a clear, broad, and provocative synthesis of the history of Latin American medical developments while illuminating the recent challenges of global health in the region and other developing countries.

Medicine and Public Health at the End of Empire

Medicine and Public Health at the End of Empire

  • Author: Howard Waitzkin
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 131725614X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 228
  • View: 6717
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The recent financial meltdown has brought notable changes to the global practice of health care changes that have often escaped the American news media. Although Western managed-care corporations previously had strengthened their influence abroad, now many countries are considering new approaches to health care for their citizens.The untold story of how corporations have influenced global health care and the impacts now in America as the system rapidly shifts is Dr. Waitzkin s subject in his provocative new book. We now live in a new era in which the prospects for more humane approaches to health care are taking root. Strengthening access and improving public health are at the heart of the many previously little-noted struggles and actions by individuals, groups, and whole nations to put control back in the hands of patients and practitioners, as Americans of many political stripes seem to universally seek. The impacts of these changes in the United States are considerable, and they are amply illustrated by Dr. Waitzkin as the United States attempts to reorient its own system of care.Selected as the 2012 winner of the Freidson Outstanding Publication Award by the American Sociological Association for its "bold and timely analysis of the global political economy of contemporary crises in health and medical care. By presenting the lessons learned from social medicine (past and present), [it] outlines a macro-sociologically informed response to these crises.""

Monuments of Progress

Monuments of Progress

Modernization and Public Health in Mexico City, 1876-1910

  • Author: Claudia Agostoni
  • Publisher: UNAM
  • ISBN: 9780870817342
  • Category: History
  • Page: 228
  • View: 6453
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A social and cultural history of public health in Mexico during the late 1800s and early 1900s. The book offers a fresh take on the history of medicine and public health by shifting away from the history of epidemic disease and heroic accounts of medical men and toward looking at public health in a broader social framework. It shows how new public health policies were instrumental in the 'modernisation' of Mexico. Adds to a small, but fast-growing body of literature, on the history of public health in Latin America and other developing areas of the world.

For All of Humanity

For All of Humanity

Mesoamerican and Colonial Medicine in Enlightenment Guatemala

  • Author: Martha Few
  • Publisher: University of Arizona Press
  • ISBN: 0816531870
  • Category: History
  • Page: 292
  • View: 4987
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"For All of Humanity examines the first public health campaigns in Guatemala, southern Mexico, and Central America in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. It reconstructs a rich and complex picture of the ways colonial doctors, surgeons, Indigenous healers, midwives, priests, government officials, and ordinary people engaged in efforts to prevent and control epidemic disease"--Provided by publisher.

Globalization and Health Inequities in Latin America

Globalization and Health Inequities in Latin America

  • Author: Ligia Malagón de Salazar,Roberto Carlos Luján Villar
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319672924
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 306
  • View: 2348
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This book critically analyses the influence of international policies and guidelines on the performance of interventions aimed at reducing health inequities in Latin America, with special emphasis on health promotion and health in all policies strategies. While the implementation of these interventions plays a key role in strengthening these countries’ capacity to respond to current and future challenges, the urgency and pressures of cooperation and funding agencies to show results consistent with their own agendas not only hampers this goal, but also makes the territory invisible, hiding the real problems faced by most Latin American countries, diminishing the richness of local knowledge production, and hindering the development of relevant proposals that consider the territory’s conditions and cultural identity. Departing from this general analysis, the authors search for answers to the following questions: Why, despite the importance of the theoretical advances r egarding actions to address social and health inequities, haven’t Latin American countries been able to produce the expected results? Why do successful initiatives only take place within the framework of pilot projects? Why does the ideology of health promotion and health in all policies mainly permeate structures of the health sector, but not other sectors? Why are intersectoral actions conjunctural initiatives, which often fail to evolve into permanent practices? Based on an extensive literature review, case studies, personal experiences, and interviews with key informants in the region, Globalization and Health Inequities in Latin America presents a strategy that uses monitoring and evaluation practices for enhancing the capacity of Latin American and other low and middle-income countries to implement sustainable processes to foster inclusiveness, equity, social justice and human rights. p/pp

Reasoning Against Madness

Reasoning Against Madness

Psychiatry and the State in Rio de Janeiro, 1830-1944

  • Author: Manuella Meyer
  • Publisher: Boydell & Brewer
  • ISBN: 1580465781
  • Category: Psychiatry
  • Page: 264
  • View: 3267
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Examines the emergence of Brazilian psychiatry during a period of national regeneration, demonstrating how sociopolitical negotiations can shape psychiatric professionalization

Medicine and Nation Building in the Americas, 1890-1940

Medicine and Nation Building in the Americas, 1890-1940

  • Author: Jose Amador
  • Publisher: Vanderbilt University Press
  • ISBN: 0826520227
  • Category: History
  • Page: 230
  • View: 401
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As medical science progressed through the nineteenth century, the United States was at the forefront of public health initiatives across the Americas. Dreadful sanitary conditions were relieved, lives were saved, and health care developed into a formidable institution throughout Latin America as doctors and bureaucrats from the United States flexed their scientific muscle. This wasn't a purely altruistic enterprise, however, as Jose Amador reveals in Medicine and Nation Building in the Americas, 1890-1940. Rather, these efforts almost served as a precursor to modern American interventionism. For places like Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Brazil, these initiatives were especially invasive. Drawing on sources in Cuba, Puerto Rico, Brazil, and the United States, Amador shows that initiatives launched in colonial settings laid the foundation for the rise of public health programs in the hemisphere and transformed debates about the formation of national culture. Writers rethought theories of environmental and racial danger, while Cuban reformers invoked the yellow fever campaign to exclude nonwhite immigrants. Puerto Rican peasants flooded hookworm treatment stations, and Brazilian sanitarians embraced regionalist and imperialist ideologies. Together, these groups illustrated that public health campaigns developed in the shadow of empire propelled new conflicts and conversations about achieving modernity and progress in the tropics.

Disease in the History of Modern Latin America

Disease in the History of Modern Latin America

From Malaria to AIDS

  • Author: Diego Armus
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 9780822330691
  • Category: History
  • Page: 326
  • View: 7787
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DIVEdited volume that takes a non-traditional approach to the history of medicine in Latin America, and emphasizes the cultural and social construction of disease./div

Major Problems in the History of American Medicine and Public Health

Major Problems in the History of American Medicine and Public Health

Documents and Essays

  • Author: John Harley Warner,Janet A. Tighe
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
  • ISBN: 9780395954355
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 539
  • View: 3884
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This text presents a carefully selected group of readings on medical history and development that allow students to evaluate primary sources, test the interpretations of distinguished historians, and draw their own conclusions.

A History of Family Planning in Twentieth-Century Peru

A History of Family Planning in Twentieth-Century Peru

  • Author: Raúl Necochea López
  • Publisher: UNC Press Books
  • ISBN: 1469618095
  • Category: History
  • Page: 248
  • View: 2963
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Adding to the burgeoning study of medicine and science in Latin America, this important book offers a comprehensive historical perspective on the highly contentious issues of sexual and reproductive health in an important Andean nation. Raul Necochea Lopez approaches family planning as a historical phenomenon layered with medical, social, economic, and moral implications. At stake in this complex mix were new notions of individual autonomy, the future of gender relations, and national prosperity. The implementation of Peru's first family planning programs led to a rapid professionalization of fertility control. Complicating the evolution of associated medical services were the conflicting agendas of ordinary citizens, power brokers from governmental and military sectors, clergy, and international health groups. While family planning promised a greater degree of control over individuals' intimate lives, as well as opportunities for economic improvement through the effective management of birth rates, the success of attempts to regulate fertility was far from assured. Today, Necochea Lopez observes, although the quality of family planning resources in Peru has improved, services remain far from equitably available.

Revolutionary Medicine

Revolutionary Medicine

Health and the Body in Post-Soviet Cuba

  • Author: P. Sean Brotherton
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 0822352052
  • Category: History
  • Page: 256
  • View: 7391
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An ethnography of post-Soviet Cuba s health-care sector which reveals Cuba to be a pragmatic and contradictory state.

Health, Civilization and the State

Health, Civilization and the State

A History of Public Health from Ancient to Modern Times

  • Author: Dorothy Porter
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134637187
  • Category: History
  • Page: 384
  • View: 8855
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This book examines the social, economic and political issues of public health provision in historical perspective. It outlines the development of public health in Britain, Continental Europe and the United States from the ancient world through to the modern state. It includes discussion of: * pestilence, public order and morality in pre-modern times * the Enlightenment and its effects * centralization in Victorian Britain * localization of health care in the United States * population issues and family welfare * the rise of the classic welfare state * attitudes towards public health into the twenty-first century.

Race, Place, and Medicine

Race, Place, and Medicine

The Idea of the Tropics in Nineteenth-Century Brazil

  • Author: Julyan G. Peard
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 0822381281
  • Category: History
  • Page: 326
  • View: 5969
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Race, Place, and Medicine examines the impact of a group of nineteenth-century Brazilian physicians who became known posthumously as the Bahian Tropicalista School of Medicine. Julyan G. Peard explores how this group of obscure clinicians became participants in an international debate as they helped change the scientific framework and practices of doctors in Brazil. Peard shows how the Tropicalistas adapted Western medicine and challenged the Brazilian medical status quo in order to find new answers to the old question of whether the diseases of warm climates were distinct from those of temperate Europe. They carried out innovative research on parasitology, herpetology, and tropical disorders, providing evidence that countered European assumptions about Brazilian racial and cultural inferiority. In the face of European fatalism about health care in the tropics, the Tropicalistas forged a distinctive medicine based on their beliefs that public health would improve only if large social issues—such as slavery and abolition—were addressed and that the delivery of health care should encompass groups hitherto outside the doctors’ sphere, especially women. But the Tropicalistas’ agenda, which included biting social critiques and broad demands for the extension of health measures to all of Brazil’s people, was not sustained. Race, Place, and Medicine shows how imported models of tropical medicine—constructed by colonial nations for their own needs—downplayed the connection between socioeconomic factors and tropical disorders. This study of a neglected episode in Latin American history will interest Brazilianists, as well as scholars of Latin American, medical, and scientific history.

Health and Medicine in the Circum-Caribbean, 1800-1968

Health and Medicine in the Circum-Caribbean, 1800-1968

  • Author: Juanita De Barros,Steven Paul Palmer,David Wright
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 0415962900
  • Category: History
  • Page: 309
  • View: 6335
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Health and medicine in colonial environments is one of the newest areas in the history of medicine, but one in which the Caribbean is conspicuously absent. Yet the complex and fascinating history of the Caribbean, borne of the ways European colonialism combined with slavery, indentureship, migrant labour and plantation agriculture, led to the emergence of new social and cultural forms which are especially evident the area of health and medicine. The history of medical care in the Caribbean is also a history of the transfer of cultural practices from Africa and Asia, the process of creolization in the African and Asian diasporas, the perseverance of indigenous and popular medicine, and the emergence of distinct forms of western medical professionalism, science, and practice. This collection, which covers the French, Hispanic, Dutch, and British Caribbean, explores the cultural and social domains of medical experience and considers the dynamics and tensions of power. The chapters emphasize contestations over forms of medicalization and the controls of public health and address the politics of professionalization, not simply as an expression of colonial power but also of the power of a local elite against colonial or neo-colonial control. They pay particular attention to the significance of race and gender, focusing on such topics as conflicts over medical professionalization, control of women's bodies and childbirth, and competition between 'European' and 'Indigenous' healers and healing practices. Employing a broad range of subjects and methodological approaches, this collection constitutes the first edited volume on the history of health and medicine in the circum-Caribbean region and is therefore required reading for anyone interested in the history of colonial and post-colonial medicine.

Medicine on the Periphery

Medicine on the Periphery

Public Health in Yucatán, Mexico, 1870–1960

  • Author: David Sowell
  • Publisher: Lexington Books
  • ISBN: 1498517358
  • Category: Health & Fitness
  • Page: 244
  • View: 4702
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Medicine on the Periphery traces the development of Yucatán’s medical institutions, public health programs, healers, and changing disease environment from the 1870s through 1960. The biomedicalization of Yucatán’s public health system is analyzed within the Atlantic medical community and the emerging revolutionary state of central Mexico.

Pathologies of Power

Pathologies of Power

Health, Human Rights, and the New War on the Poor

  • Author: Paul Farmer
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 0520243269
  • Category: History
  • Page: 402
  • View: 5040
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"Pathologies of Power" uses harrowing stories of life and death to argue thatthe promotion of social and economic rights of the poor is the most importanthuman rights struggle of our times.

Law and Policy in Latin America

Law and Policy in Latin America

Transforming Courts, Institutions, and Rights

  • Author: Pedro Rubim Borges Fortes,Larissa Verri Boratti,Andrés Palacios Lleras,Tom Gerald Daly
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137566949
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 354
  • View: 2425
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This book offers a comprehensive introduction to law and policy responses to contemporary problems in Latin America, such as human rights violations, regulatory dilemmas, economic inequality, and access to knowledge and medicine. It includes 19 chapters written by sociologists, lawyers, and political scientists on the transformations of courts, institutions and rights protection in Latin America, all of which stem from presentations at conferences in Oxford and UCL organised by the editors. The contributors present original analyses based on rigorous research, innovative case-studies, and interdisciplinary perspectives, all written in an accessible style. Topics include the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, institutional design, financial regulation, competition, discrimination, gender quotas, police violence, orphan works, healthcare, and environmental protection, among others. The book will be of interest to students and scholars interested in policymaking, public law, and development.

Planning Later Life

Planning Later Life

Bioethics and Public Health in Ageing Societies

  • Author: Mark Schweda,Larissa Pfaller,Kai Brauer,Frank Adloff,Silke Schicktanz
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317080017
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 6876
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This book examines the relevance of modern medicine and healthcare in shaping the lives of elderly persons and the practices and institutions of ageing societies. Combining individual and social dimensions, Planning Later Life discusses the ethical, social, and political consequences of increasing life expectancies and demographic change in the context of biomedicine and public health. By focusing on the field of biomedicine and healthcare, the authors engage readers in a dialogue on the ethical and social implications of recent trends in dementia research and care, advance healthcare planning, or the rise of anti-ageing medicine and prevention. Bringing together the largely separated debates of individualist bioethics on the one hand, and public health ethics on the other, the volume deliberately considers the entanglements of envisioning, evaluating, and controlling individual and societal futures. So far, the process of devising and exploring the various positive and negative visions and strategies related to later life has rarely been reflected systematically from a philosophical, sociological, and ethical point of view. As such, this book will be crucial to those working and studying in the life sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences, particularly in the areas of bioethics, social work, gerontology and aging studies, healthcare and social service, sociology, social policy, and geography and population studies.