Search Results for "medieval-foundations-of-international-relations"

Medieval Foundations of International Relations

Medieval Foundations of International Relations

  • Author: William Bain
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317635493
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 210
  • View: 1714
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The purpose of this volume is to explore the medieval inheritance of modern international relations. Recent years have seen a flourishing of work on the history of international political thought, but the bulk of this has focused on the early modern and modern periods, leaving continuities with the medieval world largely ignored. The medieval is often used as a synonym for the barbaric and obsolete, yet this picture does not match that found in relevant work in the history of political thought. The book thus offers a chance to correct this misconception of the evolution of Western international thought, highlighting that the history of international thought should be regarded as an important dimension of thinking about the international and one that should not be consigned to history departments. Questions addressed include: what is the medieval influence on modern conception of rights, law, and community? how have medieval ideas shaped modern conceptions of self-determination, consent, and legitimacy? are there ‘medieval’ answers to ‘modern’ questions? is the modern world still working its way through the Middle Ages? to what extent is the ‘modern outlook’ genuinely secular? is there a ‘theology’ of international relations? what are the implications of continuity for predominant historical narrative of the emergence and expansion of international society? Medieval and modern are certainly different; however, this collection of essays proceeds from the conviction that the modern world was not built on a new plot with new building materials. Instead, it was constructed out of the rubble, that is, the raw materials, of the Middle Ages.This will be of great interest to students and scholars of IR, IR theory and political theory. .

Medieval Foundations of the Western Intellectual Tradition, 400-1400

Medieval Foundations of the Western Intellectual Tradition, 400-1400

  • Author: Marcia L. Colish
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 9780300078527
  • Category: History
  • Page: 388
  • View: 7489
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This magisterial book is an analysis of the course of Western intellectual history between A.D. 400 and 1400. The book is arranged in two parts: the first surveys the comparative modes of thought and varying success of Byzantine, Latin-Christian, and Muslim cultures, and the second takes the reader from the eleventh-century revival of learning to the high Middle Ages and beyond, the period in which the vibrancy of Western intellectual culture enabled it to stamp its imprint well beyond the frontiers of Christendom. Marcia Colish argues that the foundations of the Western intellectual tradition were laid in the Middle Ages and not, as is commonly held, in the Judeo-Christian or classical periods. She contends that Western medieval thinkers produced a set of tolerances, tastes, concerns, and sensibilities that made the Middle Ages unlike other chapters of the Western intellectual experience. She provides astute descriptions of the vernacular and oral culture of each country of Europe; explores the nature of medieval culture and its transmission; profiles seminal thinkers (Augustine, Anselm, Gregory the Great, Aquinas, Ockham); studies heresy from Manichaeism to Huss and Wycliffe; and investigates the influence of Arab and Jewish writing on scholasticism and the resurrection of Greek studies. Colish concludes with an assessment of the modes of medieval thought that ended with the period and those that remained as bases for later ages of European intellectual history.

Medieval foundations of renaissance humanism

Medieval foundations of renaissance humanism

  • Author: Walter Ullmann
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 212
  • View: 9394
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The Grotian Theology of International Law

The Grotian Theology of International Law

Hugo Grotius and the Moral Foundations of International Relations

  • Author: Christoph A. Stumpf
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
  • ISBN: 3110886162
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 271
  • View: 1099
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In this book Christoph Stumpf investigates theological influences upon the legal theory of Hugo Grotius (1583-1645), who is regarded by many as the "father of modern international law". The author analyses how Grotius has contributed to the transformation and further development of international law from its roots in Christian theology to a trans-religious law of nations. From the theological substance in Grotius' views on international relations the author concludes that Grotius' legal theory can be perceived as a theological system of international law.

Essays on Medieval Agriculture and General Problems of the Medieval Economy

Essays on Medieval Agriculture and General Problems of the Medieval Economy

  • Author: M. M. Postan
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521088466
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 302
  • View: 6281
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Includes The economic foundations of medieval society, The rise of a money economy, The chronology of labour services and The charters of the villeins.

International Law and International Relations

International Law and International Relations

  • Author: David Armstrong,Theo Farrell,Hélène Lambert
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 110701106X
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 353
  • View: 828
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This fully updated and revised edition explores the evolution, nature and function of international law in world politics.

Justice among Nations

Justice among Nations

  • Author: Stephen C. Neff
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674726545
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 640
  • View: 8729
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Justice among Nations tells the story of the rise of international law and how it has been formulated, debated, contested, and put into practice from ancient times to the present. Stephen Neff avoids technical jargon as he surveys doctrines from natural law to feminism, and practice from the Warring States of China to the international criminal courts of today. Ancient China produced the first rudimentary set of doctrines. But the cornerstone of international law was laid by the Romans, in the form of universal natural law. However, as medieval European states encountered non-Christian peoples from East Asia to the New World, new legal quandaries arose, and by the seventeenth century the first modern theories of international law were devised.New challenges in the nineteenth century encompassed nationalism, free trade, imperialism, international organizations, and arbitration. Innovative doctrines included liberalism, the nationality school, and solidarism. The twentieth century witnessed the League of Nations and a World Court, but also the rise of socialist and fascist states and the advent of the Cold War. Yet the collapse of the Soviet Union brought little respite. As Neff makes clear, further threats to the rule of law today come from environmental pressures, genocide, and terrorism.

The Cambridge History of Medieval English Literature

The Cambridge History of Medieval English Literature

  • Author: David Wallace
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521890465
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 1043
  • View: 1905
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Account of medieval English literature to appear for nearly a century.

The Myth of 1648

The Myth of 1648

Class, Geopolitics, and the Making of Modern International Relations

  • Author: Benno Teschke
  • Publisher: Verso
  • ISBN: 9781859846933
  • Category: History
  • Page: 308
  • View: 9885
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The Treaty of Westphalia in 1648 is widely interpreted as the foundation of modern international relations. Benno Teschke exposes this as a myth. In the process he provides a fresh re-interpretation of the making of modern international relations from the eighth to the eighteenth century. Inspired by the groundbreaking historical work of Robert Brenner, Teschke argues that social property relations provide the key to unlocking the changing meaning of 'international' across the medieval, early modern, and modern periods. He traces how the long-term interaction of class conflict, economic development, and international rivalry effected the formation of the modern system of states. Yet instead of identifying a breakthrough to interstate modernity in the so-called 'long sixteenth century' or in the period of intensified geopolitical competition during the seventeenth century, Teschke shows that geopolitics remained governed by dynastic and absolutist political communities, rooted in feudal property regimes. The Myth of 1648 argues that the onset of specifically modern international relations only began with the conjunction of the rise of capitalism and modern state-formation in England. Thereafter, the English model caused the restructuring of the old regimes of the Continent. This was a long-term process of socially uneven development, not completed until World War I.

Religion and International Relations Theory

Religion and International Relations Theory

  • Author: Jack Snyder
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231526911
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 232
  • View: 5678
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Religious concerns stand at the center of international politics, yet key paradigms in international relations, namely realism, liberalism, and constructivism, barely consider religion in their analysis of political subjects. The essays in this collection rectify this. Authored by leading scholars, they introduce models that integrate religion into the study of international politics and connect religion to a rising form of populist politics in the developing world. Contributors identify religion as pervasive and distinctive, forcing a reframing of international relations theory that reinterprets traditional paradigms. One essay draws on both realism and constructivism in the examination of religious discourse and transnational networks. Another positions secularism not as the opposite of religion but as a comparable type of worldview drawing on and competing with religious ideas. With the secular state's perceived failure to address popular needs, religion has become a banner for movements that demand a more responsive government. The contributors to this volume recognize this trend and propose structural and theoretical innovations for future advances in the discipline.

International Politics and Film

International Politics and Film

Space, Vision, Power

  • Author: Klaus Dodds,Sean Carter
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 023185059X
  • Category: Performing Arts
  • Page: 144
  • View: 1332
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International Politics and Film introduces readers to the representational qualities of film but also draws attention to how the relationship between the visual and the spatial is constitutive of international politics. Using four themes—borders, the state of exception, homeland and distant others—the territorial and imaginative dimensions of international affairs in particular are highlighted. But this volume also makes clear that international politics is not just something "out there"; film helps us better understand how it is also part of everyday life within the state—affecting individuals and communities in different ways depending on axes of difference such as gender, race, class, age, and ethnicity.

The Invention of International Relations Theory

The Invention of International Relations Theory

Realism, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the 1954 Conference on Theory

  • Author: Nicolas Guilhot
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 023152644X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 368
  • View: 9634
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The 1954 Conference on Theory, sponsored by the Rockefeller Foundation, featured a who's who of scholars and practitioners debating the foundations of international relations theory. Assembling his own team of experts, all of whom have struggled with this legacy, Nicolas Guilhot revisits a seminal event and its odd rejection of scientific rationalism. Far from being a spontaneous development, these essays argue, the emergence of a "realist" approach to international politics, later codified at the conference, was deliberately triggered by the Rockefeller Foundation. The organization was an early advocate of scholars who opposed the idea of a "science" of politics, pursuing, for the sake of disciplinary autonomy, a vision of politics as a prerational and existential dimension that could not be "solved" by scientific means. As a result, this nascent theory was more a rejection of behavioral social science than the birth of one of its specialized branches. The archived conversations reproduced here, along with unpublished papers by Hans Morgenthau, Reinhold Niebuhr, and Paul Nitze, speak to this defensive stance. International relations theory is critically linked to the context of postwar liberalism, and the contributors explore how these origins have played out in political thought and American foreign policy.

Hybride Kulturen im mittelalterlichen Europa/Hybride Cultures in Medieval Europe

Hybride Kulturen im mittelalterlichen Europa/Hybride Cultures in Medieval Europe

Vorträge und Workshops einer internationalen Frühlingsschule/Papers and Workshops of an International Spring School

  • Author: Michael Borgolte,Bernd Schneidmüller
  • Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag
  • ISBN: 3050049669
  • Category: History
  • Page: 342
  • View: 7634
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Kulturen sind keine monolithischen Blöcke. Sie sind hybrid, setzen sich also aus Elementen verschiedenster Herkunft zusammen und bringen aus ihnen Neues hervor. Das DFG-Schwerpunktprogramm "Integration und Desintegration der Kulturen im europäischen Mittelalter" hat sich zum Ziel gesetzt, die Geschichte Europas im Mittelalter vom permanenten Kontakt und Austausch her zu denken und die sich daraus ergebenden Prozesse kultureller Innovationen zu analysieren. Auf einer "International Spring School" im April 2008 präsentierte sich das Schwerpunktprogramm einer breiten wissenschaftlichen Öffentlichkeit. Der Band vereint die dort gehaltenen Vorträge und Workshops. Das Phänomen der Hybridität von Kulturen und die Differenzen der mittelalterlichen Welt zwischen Island und der Levante, zwischen Skandinavien und Nordafrika werden aus den Blickwinkeln verschiedener Disziplinen (Byzantinistik, Skandinavistik, Mediävistik, Germanistik, Kunstgeschichte, Orientalistik, Judaistik, Osteuropäische Geschichte) und Wissenschaftsnationen (Ungarn, Italien, Niederlande, Russland, Frankreich, Israel, Griechenland, USA, Island, Deutschland) beleuchtet. Mit Beiträgen von Cyril Aslanov, Nora Berend, Michael Borgolte, Corinna Bottiglieri, Krijnie Ciggaar, Wolfram Drews, Ásdis Egilsdóttir, Almut Höfert, Benjamin Z. Kedar, Christian Kiening, Gábor Klaniczay, Karin Krause, Hartmut Kugler, Svetlana Luchitsky, Marina Münkler, Robert Ousterhout, Juliane Schiel, Jean-Claude Schmitt, Bernd Schneidmüller, Annette Seitz, Apostolos Spanos, John Tolan, Gia Toussaint und Nektarios Zarras.

War and State Building in Medieval Japan

War and State Building in Medieval Japan

  • Author: John A. Ferejohn,Frances McCall Rosenbluth
  • Publisher: Stanford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780804774314
  • Category: History
  • Page: 192
  • View: 5593
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The nation state as we know it is a mere four or five hundred years old. Remarkably, a central government with vast territorial control emerged in Japan at around the same time as it did in Europe, through the process of mobilizing fiscal resources and manpower for bloody wars between the 16th and 17th centuries. This book, which brings Japan's case into conversation with the history of state building in Europe, points to similar factors that were present in both places: population growth eroded clientelistic relationships between farmers and estate holders, creating conditions for intense competition over territory; and in the ensuing instability and violence, farmers were driven to make Hobbesian bargains of taxes in exchange for physical security.

Forgotten Foundations of Bretton Woods

Forgotten Foundations of Bretton Woods

International Development and the Making of the Postwar Order

  • Author: Eric Helleiner
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 0801470609
  • Category: History
  • Page: 288
  • View: 465
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Eric Helleiner's new book provides a powerful corrective to conventional accounts of the negotiations at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, in 1944. These negotiations resulted in the creation of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank—the key international financial institutions of the postwar global economic order. Critics of Bretton Woods have argued that its architects devoted little attention to international development issues or the concerns of poorer countries. On the basis of extensive historical research and access to new archival sources, Helleiner challenges these assumptions, providing a major reinterpretation that will interest all those concerned with the politics and history of the global economy, North-South relations, and international development. The Bretton Woods architects—who included many officials and analysts from poorer regions of the world—discussed innovative proposals that anticipated more contemporary debates about how to reconcile the existing liberal global economic order with the development aspirations of emerging powers such as India, China, and Brazil. Alongside the much-studied Anglo-American relationship was an overlooked but pioneering North-South dialogue. Helleiner’s unconventional history brings to light not only these forgotten foundations of the Bretton Woods system but also their subsequent neglect after World War II.

A History of International Relations Theory

A History of International Relations Theory

3rd edition

  • Author: Torbjørn L. Knutsen
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 1784997714
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1723
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This introduction to International Relations shows how discussions of war, wealth, peace and power stretch back well over 500 years. It traces international ideas from medieval times, through the modern ages up to the collapse of the Soviet empire. It shows how ancient ideas still affect the way we perceive world politics. This is the 3rd edition of an accessible and popular text. It introduces the ways theologians like Augustine and Aquinas wrestled with the nature of the state and laid down rules of war that are still in use. It shows how Renaissance humanists like Machiavelli and Bodin developed our secular understanding of state sovereignty. The book argues that contract philosophers like Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau introduced concepts that laid the basis for the scholarly field of International Relations, and that Enlightenment thinkers followed up with balance-of-power theories, perpetual-peace projects and visions of trade and peaceful interdependence. These classic international theories have been steadily refined by later thinkers by Marx, Mackinder and Morgenthau, by Waltz, Wallerstein and Wendt who laid the foundation for the contemporary science of International Relations (IR). The book places international arguments, perspectives, terms and theories in their proper historical setting. It traces the evolution of IR theory in context. It shows that core ideas and IR approaches have been shaped by major events and that they have often reflected the concerns of the Great Powers. Yet, it also makes clear that the most basic ideas in the field have remained remarkably constant over time.

Empires, Systems and States

Empires, Systems and States

Great Transformations in International Politics

  • Author: Michael Cox,Tim Dunne,Ken Booth
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521016865
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 298
  • View: 7863
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This volume brings together a collection of leading scholars to consider various dimensions of the 'turn' to history in International Relations. The scope of this volume is broad. It includes conventional accounts of the development of the European states system, but is not limited by it. Other essays consider the non-European experience; a number of path-breaking essays on how other cultures and continents have ordered their political communities, in particular, the question how and why a states system triumphed over other forms of political organisation. The theme of the subtitle - great transformations - is pursued by each author. The essays consider one of the biggest questions of our time, namely, how did we arrive at this historical and institutional expression of political community? And what alternative future world orders exist? The volume will be of interest to scholars of International Relations and History interested in great transformations in world politics.

International Relations

International Relations

A Beginner's Guide

  • Author: Charles Jones
  • Publisher: Oneworld Publications
  • ISBN: 1780743041
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 204
  • View: 3238
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Today, more than ever, we are buffeted by forces that originate from beyond our shores. Whether it’s war, economics, politics, or law, we live in a global world influenced by a complex landscape of international transactions. Esteemed academic Charles Jones ably provides the building blocks to understand the history of these interactions, outlining all the key actors — from the United States and China to the IMF and Google — and the competing theories that attempt to explain them. Arguing that the strength of international relations lies in its contradictions — it’s not a single discipline but a fascinating mess of history, politics, economics, sociology, law, anthropology, and cultural studies — this guide provides a lively discussion of the limitations of the field, as well as an explanation of why it is so essential. Covering globalization, conflict, history, and theory, this is the perfect primer for students of international relations, workers in an international context, and citizens across the globe.

The Evolution of the Money Standard in Medieval Frisia

The Evolution of the Money Standard in Medieval Frisia

A Treatise on the History of the Systems of Money of Account in the Former Frisia (c.600-c.1500)

  • Author: Dirk Jan Henstra
  • Publisher: Uitgeverij Verloren
  • ISBN: 9789036712026
  • Category: Coins, Tunisian
  • Page: 462
  • View: 9493
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Ordering Medieval Society

Ordering Medieval Society

Perspectives on Intellectual and Practical Modes of Shaping Social Relations

  • Author: Bernhard Jussen
  • Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
  • ISBN: 9780812235616
  • Category: History
  • Page: 328
  • View: 6197
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"These essays challenge a once-dominant mode of German medieval studies, "constitutional history." In doing so, they reimage a more dynamic and less hierarchical Middle Ages."—Medieval Review