Search Results for "medieval-foundations-of-the-western-intellectual-tradition-400-1400"

Medieval Foundations of the Western Intellectual Tradition, 400-1400

Medieval Foundations of the Western Intellectual Tradition, 400-1400

  • Author: Marcia L. Colish
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 9780300078527
  • Category: History
  • Page: 388
  • View: 2572
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This magisterial book is an analysis of the course of Western intellectual history between A.D. 400 and 1400. The book is arranged in two parts: the first surveys the comparative modes of thought and varying success of Byzantine, Latin-Christian, and Muslim cultures, and the second takes the reader from the eleventh-century revival of learning to the high Middle Ages and beyond, the period in which the vibrancy of Western intellectual culture enabled it to stamp its imprint well beyond the frontiers of Christendom. Marcia Colish argues that the foundations of the Western intellectual tradition were laid in the Middle Ages and not, as is commonly held, in the Judeo-Christian or classical periods. She contends that Western medieval thinkers produced a set of tolerances, tastes, concerns, and sensibilities that made the Middle Ages unlike other chapters of the Western intellectual experience. She provides astute descriptions of the vernacular and oral culture of each country of Europe; explores the nature of medieval culture and its transmission; profiles seminal thinkers (Augustine, Anselm, Gregory the Great, Aquinas, Ockham); studies heresy from Manichaeism to Huss and Wycliffe; and investigates the influence of Arab and Jewish writing on scholasticism and the resurrection of Greek studies. Colish concludes with an assessment of the modes of medieval thought that ended with the period and those that remained as bases for later ages of European intellectual history.

Neue Diskurse der Gelehrtenkultur in der Frühen Neuzeit

Neue Diskurse der Gelehrtenkultur in der Frühen Neuzeit

Ein Handbuch

  • Author: Herbert Jaumann,Gideon Stiening
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • ISBN: 3110289997
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 901
  • View: 6929
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The New Discourses continue the volume published in 2011. The book brings together discourses from multiple disciplines and is therefore relevant to the history of the disciplines and scholarship. The 17 essays include such themes as the criticism of religion, polyhistory, polymathy, concepts of utopia, criticism and political anthropology, cosmography and technology, the problem of death in medicine, and the New World.

Experten, Wissen, Symbole

Experten, Wissen, Symbole

Performanz und Medialität vormoderner Wissenskulturen

  • Author: Frank Rexroth,Teresa Schröder-Stapper
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • ISBN: 3110576031
  • Category: History
  • Page: 336
  • View: 9912
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Wissen besitzt eine Schauseite, und dies selbst dort, wo es sich um das Fachwissen von Experten handelt. Seine Träger inszenieren es gewissenhaft, bedienen sich bei öffentlichen Auftritten bestimmter Vokabularien und bestimmter Präsentationsstrategien und Rituale. Wenn es aber nun Experten seit der Entstehung zahlreicher spezifischer Wissensfelder schon seit dem 12. Jahrhundert gibt - wie funktionierte dann das Wechselspiel von Selbstinszenierung und Rollenzuschreibung in den Jahrhunderten der Vormoderne? Die Autorinnen und Autoren dieses Bandes steuern zur Beantwortung dieser Frage empirische Studien aus der Allgemein-, der Rechts-, Kirchen-, Medizin- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte bei und beleuchten spezifische Inszenierungsformen und Rituale.

The Work of Heiko A. Oberman

The Work of Heiko A. Oberman

Papers from the Symposium on His Seventieth Birthday

  • Author: Thomas A. Brady
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9789004125698
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 206
  • View: 8116
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A collection of papers taken from a symposium celebrating the seventieth birthday of Heiko A. Oberman. The fields chosen for treatment included the theology of the Reformers, the Reformation itself, and the scholastic theology of the 14th and 15th centuries.

God's Philosophers

God's Philosophers

How the Medieval World Laid the Foundations of Modern Science

  • Author: James Hannam
  • Publisher: Icon Books Ltd
  • ISBN: 1848311583
  • Category: History
  • Page: 432
  • View: 2482
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This is a powerful and a thrilling narrative history revealing the roots of modern science in the medieval world. The adjective 'medieval' has become a synonym for brutality and uncivilized behavior. Yet without the work of medieval scholars there could have been no Galileo, no Newton and no Scientific Revolution. In "God's Philosophers", James Hannam debunks many of the myths about the Middle Ages, showing that medieval people did not think the earth is flat, nor did Columbus 'prove' that it is a sphere; the Inquisition burnt nobody for their science nor was Copernicus afraid of persecution; no Pope tried to ban human dissection or the number zero. "God's Philosophers" is a celebration of the forgotten scientific achievements of the Middle Ages - advances which were often made thanks to, rather than in spite of, the influence of Christianity and Islam. Decisive progress was also made in technology: spectacles and the mechanical clock, for instance, were both invented in thirteenth-century Europe. Charting an epic journey through six centuries of history, "God's Philosophers" brings back to light the discoveries of neglected geniuses like John Buridan, Nicole Oresme and Thomas Bradwardine, as well as putting into context the contributions of more familiar figures like Roger Bacon, William of Ockham and Saint Thomas Aquinas.

The Shaping of Western Civilization

The Shaping of Western Civilization

From Antiquity to the Present

  • Author: Michael Burger
  • Publisher: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 1442601906
  • Category: History
  • Page: 505
  • View: 3713
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Michael Burger's goal in this inexpensive overview is to provide a brief, historical narrative of Western civilization. Not only does its length and price separate this text from the competition, but its no-frills, uncluttered format and well-written, one-authored approach make it a valuable asset for every history student. The Shaping of Western Civilization begins with the ancient Near East and ends with globalization. Unlike other textbooks that pile on dates and facts, Shaping is a more coherent and interpretive presentation. Burger's skills as writer and synthesizer will enable students to obtain the background required to ask meaningful questions of primary sources. In addition to suggestions for further reading, this overview includes over 50 images and 22 maps.

Reformations

Reformations

The Early Modern World, 1450-1650

  • Author: Carlos M. N. Eire
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 0300111924
  • Category: Counter-Reformation
  • Page: 920
  • View: 7482
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A lively, expansive history of the Protestant and Catholic Reformations and the momentous changes they set in motion

Christian Jewish Relations 1000-1300

Christian Jewish Relations 1000-1300

Jews in the Service of Medieval Christendom

  • Author: Anna Sapir Abulafia
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317867718
  • Category: History
  • Page: 288
  • View: 5045
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The history of relations between Jews and Christians has been a long, complex and often unsettled one; yet histories of medieval Christendom have traditionally paid only passing attention to the role played by Jews in a predominantly Christian society. This book provides an original survey of medieval Christian-Jewish relations encompassing England, Spain, France and Germany, and sheds light in the process on the major developments in medieval history between 1000 and 1300. Anna Sapir Abulafia's balanced yet humane account offers a new perspective on Christian-Jewish relations by analysing the theological, socio-economic and political services Jews were required to render to medieval Christendom. The nature of Jewish service varied greatly as Christian rulers struggled to reconcile the desire to profit from the presence of Jewish men and women in their lands with conflicting theological notions about Judaism. Jews meanwhile had to deal with the many competing authorities and interests in the localities in which they lived; their continued presence hinged on a fine balance between theology and pragmatism. The book examines the impact of the Crusades on Christian-Jewish relations and analyses how anti-Jewish libels were used to define relations. Making adept use of both Latin and Hebrew sources, Abulafia draws on liturgical and exegetical material, and narrative, polemical and legal sources, to give a vivid and accurate sense of how Christians interacted with Jews and Jews with Christians.

From Judgment to Passion

From Judgment to Passion

Devotion to Christ and the Virgin Mary, 800–1200

  • Author: Rachel Fulton Brown
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231500769
  • Category: History
  • Page: 752
  • View: 3279
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Devotion to the crucified Christ is one of the most familiar, yet most disconcerting artifacts of medieval European civilization. How and why did the images of the dying God-man and his grieving mother achieve such prominence, inspiring unparalleled religious creativity as well such imitative extremes as celibacy and self-flagellation? To answer this question, Rachel Fulton ranges over developments in liturgical performance, private prayer, doctrine, and art. She considers the fear occasioned by the disappointed hopes of medieval Christians convinced that the apocalypse would come soon, the revulsion of medieval Jews at being baptized in the name of God born from a woman, the reform of the Church in light of a new European money economy, the eroticism of the Marian exegesis of the Song of Songs, and much more. Devotion to the crucified Christ is one of the most familiar yet disconcerting artifacts of medieval European civilization. How and why did the images of the dying God-man and his grieving mother achieve such prominence, inspiring unparalleled religious creativity and emotional artistry even as they fostered such imitative extremes as celibacy, crusade, and self-flagellation? Magisterial in style and comprehensive in scope, From Judgment to Passion is the first systematic attempt to explain the origins and initial development of European devotion to Christ in his suffering humanity and Mary in her compassionate grief. Rachel Fulton examines liturgical performance, doctrine, private prayer, scriptural exegesis, and art in order to illuminate and explain the powerful desire shared by medieval women and men to identify with the crucified Christ and his mother. The book begins with the Carolingian campaign to convert the newly conquered pagan Saxons, in particular with the effort to explain for these new converts the mystery of the Eucharist, the miraculous presence of Christ's body at the Mass. Moving on to the early eleventh century, when Christ's failure to return on the millennium of his Passion (A.D. 1033) necessitated for believers a radical revision of Christian history, Fulton examines the novel liturgies and devotions that arose amid this apocalyptic disappointment. The book turns finally to the twelfth century when, in the wake of the capture of Jerusalem in the First Crusade, there occurred the full flowering of a new, more emotional sensibility of faith, epitomized by the eroticism of the Marian exegesis of the Song of Songs and by the artistic and architectural innovations we have come to think of as quintessentially high medieval. In addition to its concern with explaining devotional change, From Judgment to Passion presses a second, crucial question: How is it possible for modern historians to understand not only the social and cultural functions but also the experience of faith—the impulsive engagement with the emotions, sometimes ineffable, of prayer and devotion? The answer, magnificently exemplified throughout this book's narrative, lies in imaginative empathy, the same incorporation of self into story that lay at the heart of the medieval effort to identify with Christ and Mary in their love and pain.

Luther's Theology of the Cross

Luther's Theology of the Cross

Martin Luther's Theological Breakthrough

  • Author: Alister E. McGrath
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 9781119995975
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 264
  • View: 7692
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Luther's Theology of the Cross represents a fully revised and updated edition of the classic 1985 text that expands on the author's ongoing research and reflects 25 years of Luther scholarship. Rewritten and expanded edition of a highly-acclaimed classic text Incorporates primary and secondary sources that have become available since the publication of the first edition Draws on advances in our understanding of the late medieval intellectual, cultural, and religious background of Luther's early development, and the nature of Luther's doctrine of justification (including the so-called 'Finnish' school), many of which have not yet been incorporated into Luther scholarship Luther's 'theological breakthrough' continues to be of central importance to Reformation Studies and the development of Protestantism Written by one of the world's leading Protestant theologians, who is an authority on the development of the doctrine of justification. His classic work Iustitia Dei: A History of the Christian Doctrine of Justification is now in its third edition (2005)

The Origins of Business, Money, and Markets

The Origins of Business, Money, and Markets

  • Author: Keith Roberts
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231526857
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 368
  • View: 6749
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To understand business and its political, cultural, and economic context, it helps to view it historically, yet most business histories look no further back than the nineteenth century. The full sweep of business history actually begins much earlier, with the initial cities of Mesopotamia. In the first book to describe and explain these origins, Roberts depicts the society of ancient traders and consumers, tracing the roots of modern business and underscoring the relationship between early and modern business practice. Roberts's narrative begins before business, which he defines as selling to voluntary buyers at a profit. Before business, he shows, the material conditions and concepts for the pursuit of profit did not exist, even though trade and manufacturing took place. The earliest business, he suggests, arose with the long distance trade of early Mesopotamia, and expanded into retail, manufacturing and finance in these command economies, culminating in the Middle Eastern empires. (Part One) But it was the largely independent rise of business, money, and markets in classical Greece that produced business much as we know it. Alexander the Great's conquests and the societies that his successors created in their kingdoms brought a version of this system to the old Middle Eastern empires, and beyond. (Part Two) At Rome this entrepreneurial market system gained important new features, including business corporations, public contracting, and even shopping malls. The story concludes with the sharp decline of business after the 3rd century CE. (Part Three) In each part, Roberts portrays the major new types of business coming into existence. He weaves these descriptions into a narrative of how the prevailing political, economic, and social culture shaped the nature and importance of business and the status, wealth, and treatment of business people. Throughout, the discussion indicates how much (and how little) business has changed, provides a clear picture of what business actually is, presents a model for understanding the social impact of business as a whole, and yields stimulating insights for public policy today.

The Oxford Companion to English Literature

The Oxford Companion to English Literature

  • Author: Dinah Birch
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191030848
  • Category: Literary Collections
  • Page: 1184
  • View: 692
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The Oxford Companion to English Literature has long been established as the leading reference resource for students, teachers, scholars, and general readers of English literature. It provides unrivalled coverage of all aspects of English literature - from writers, their works, and the historical and cultural context in which they wrote, to critics, literary theory, and allusions. For the seventh edition, the Companion has been thoroughly revised and updated to meet the needs and concerns of today's students and general readers. Over 1,000 new entries have been added, ranging from new writers - Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Patrick Marber, David Mitchell, Arundhati Roy - to increased coverage of writers and literary movements from around the world. Coverage of American literature has been substantially increased, with new entries on writers such as Cormac McCarthy and Amy Tan and on movements and publications. Contextual and historical coverage has also been expanded, with new entries on European history and culture, post-colonial literature, as well as writers and literary movements from around the world that have influenced English literature. The Companion has always been a quick and dependable source of reference for students, and the new edition confirms its pre-eminent role as the go-to resource of first choice. All entries have been reviewed, and details of new works, biographies, and criticism have been brought right up to date. So also has coverage of the themes, approaches and concepts encountered by students today, from terms to articles on literary theory and theorists. There is increased coverage of writers from around the world, as well as from Ireland, Scotland, and Wales, and of contextual topics, including film and television, music, and art. Cross-referencing has been thoroughly updated, with stronger linking from writers to thematic and conceptual entries. Meanwhile coverage of popular genres such as children's literature, science fiction, biography, reportage, crime fiction, fantasy or travel literature has been increased substantially, with new entries on writers from Philip Pullman to Anne Frank and from Anais Nin to Douglas Adams. The seventh edition of this classic Companion - now under the editorship of Dinah Birch, assisted by a team of 28 distinguished associate editors, and over 150 contributors - ensures that it retains its status as the most authoritative, informative, and accessible guide to literature available.

The Psalms as Christian Worship

The Psalms as Christian Worship

An Historical Commentary

  • Author: Bruce K. Waltke,James M. Houston,Erika Moore
  • Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
  • ISBN: 0802863744
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 626
  • View: 3014
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This collaboration by two esteemed evangelical scholars blends a verse-by-verse exposition of select psalms with a history of their interpretation in the church from the time of the apostles to the present. Bruce Waltke, who has been teaching and preaching the book of Psalms for over fifty years, skillfully establishes the meaning of the Hebrew text through the careful exegesis for which he is well known. James Houston traces the church's historical interpretation and use of these psalms, highlighting their deep spiritual significance to Christians through the ages. Waltke and Houston focus their in-depth commentary on thirteen psalms that represent various genres and perspectives or hold special significance for Christian faith and the life of the church, including Psalm 1, Psalm 23, Psalm 51, and Psalm 139. While much modern scholarship has tended to "despiritualize" the Psalms, Waltke and Houston's "sacred hermeneutic" listens closely to the two voices of the Holy Spirit ùheard infallibly in Scripture and edifyingly in the church's response. A masterly historical-devotional commentary, The Psalms as Christian Worship will deepen the church's worship and enrich the faith and life of contemporary Christians.

Geschichtsschreibung und Geschichtsbewusstsein im hohen Mittelalter

Geschichtsschreibung und Geschichtsbewusstsein im hohen Mittelalter

  • Author: Hans-Werner Goetz
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783050032214
  • Category: Historiography
  • Page: 501
  • View: 9572
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Mediaevalia philosophica Polonorum

Mediaevalia philosophica Polonorum

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Philosophy, Medieval
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3990
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Recherches de théologie et philosophie médiévales

Recherches de théologie et philosophie médiévales

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Theology
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8244
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Book review digest

Book review digest

  • Author: H.W. Wilson Company
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Books
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 302
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Mind Matters

Mind Matters

Studies of Medieval and Early Modern Intellectual History in Honour of Marcia Colish

  • Author: Cary J. Nederman,Nancy E. Van Deusen,E. Ann Matter
  • Publisher: Brepols Pub
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 308
  • View: 6071
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Marcia Colish is one of the most influential scholars of the history of medieval and early modern thought, the author of numerous books and scores of articles in the field, as well as a pioneering President of the Medieval Academy of America. This volume honours her accomplishments with papers by her many colleagues, friends, and former students, who are themselves prominent scholars from across a range of disciplines. The chapters are diverse chronologically and topically, yet they are all stimulated by themes that Prof. Colish has explored during her long and distinguished career. They address the richness of European intellectual history between the twelfth and the sixteenth centuries, treating the multiple heritages of philosophy, theology, political theory, historiography, classical reception, and many other subjects to which her scholarship extends. The volume demonstrates the power of ideas in the development of European history generally, revealing that the careful study of the works of the 'mind' does indeed 'matter'.

Deutsches Archiv für Erforschung des Mittelalters

Deutsches Archiv für Erforschung des Mittelalters

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Civilization, Medieval
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 7820
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Die Kapetinger

Die Kapetinger

  • Author: Joachim Ehlers
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 310
  • View: 2938
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