Search Results for "medieval-iberia-readings-from-christian-muslim-and-jewish-sources-the-middle-ages-series"

Medieval Iberia

Medieval Iberia

Readings from Christian, Muslim, and Jewish Sources

  • Author: Olivia Remie Constable,Damian Zurro
  • Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
  • ISBN: 0812221680
  • Category: History
  • Page: 601
  • View: 4571
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For some historians, medieval Iberian society was one marked by peaceful coexistence and cross-cultural fertilization; others have sketched a harsher picture of Muslims and Christians engaged in an ongoing contest for political, religious, and economic advantage culminating in the fall of Muslim Granada and the expulsion of the Jews in the late fifteenth century. The reality that emerges in Medieval Iberia is more nuanced than either of these scenarios can comprehend. Now in an expanded, second edition, this monumental collection offers unparalleled access to the multicultural complexity of the lands that would become modern Portugal and Spain. The documents collected in Medieval Iberia date mostly from the eighth through the fifteenth centuries and have been translated from Latin, Arabic, Hebrew, Judeo-Arabic, Castilian, Catalan, and Portuguese by many of the most eminent scholars in the field of Iberian studies. Nearly one quarter of this edition is new, including visual materials and increased coverage of Jewish and Muslim affairs, as well as more sources pertaining to women, social and economic history, and domestic life. This primary source material ranges widely across historical chronicles, poetry, and legal and religious sources, and each is accompanied by a brief introduction placing the text in its historical and cultural setting. Arranged chronologically, the documents are also keyed so as to be accessible to readers interested in specific topics such as urban life, the politics of the royal courts, interfaith relations, or women, marriage, and the family.

The Literature of Al-Andalus

The Literature of Al-Andalus

  • Author: María Rosa Menocal,Raymond P. Scheindlin,Michael Sells
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521030234
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 507
  • View: 3200
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The Literature of Al-Andalus is an exploration of the culture of Iberia, present-day Spain and Portugal, during the period when it was an Islamic, mostly Arabic-speaking territory, from the eighth to the thirteenth century, and in the centuries following the Christian conquest when Arabic continued to be widely used. The volume embraces many other related spheres of Arabic culture including philosophy, art, architecture and music. It also extends the subject to other literatures - especially Hebrew and Romance literatures - that burgeoned alongside Arabic and created the distinctive hybrid culture of medieval Iberia. Edited by an Arabist, an Hebraist and a Romance scholar, with individual chapters compiled by a team of the world's leading experts of Islamic Iberia, Sicily and related cultures, this is a truly interdisciplinary and comparative work which offers a interesting approach to the field.

Between Christian and Jew

Between Christian and Jew

Conversion and Inquisition in the Crown of Aragon, 1250-1391

  • Author: Paola Tartakoff
  • Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
  • ISBN: 0812206754
  • Category: History
  • Page: 224
  • View: 1038
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In 1341 in Aragon, a Jewish convert to Christianity was sentenced to death, only to be pulled from the burning stake and into a formal religious interrogation. His confession was as astonishing to his inquisitors as his brush with mortality is to us: the condemned man described a Jewish conspiracy to persuade recent converts to denounce their newfound Christian faith. His claims were corroborated by witnesses and became the catalyst for a series of trials that unfolded over the course of the next twenty months. Between Christian and Jew closely analyzes these events, which Paola Tartakoff considers paradigmatic of inquisitorial proceedings against Jews in the period. The trials also serve as the backbone of her nuanced consideration of Jewish conversion to Christianity—and the unwelcoming Christian response to Jewish conversions—during a period that is usually celebrated as a time of relative interfaith harmony. The book lays bare the intensity of the mutual hostility between Christians and Jews in medieval Spain. Tartakoff's research reveals that the majority of Jewish converts of the period turned to baptism in order to escape personal difficulties, such as poverty, conflict with other Jews, or unhappy marriages. They often met with a chilly reception from their new Christian brethren, making it difficult to integrate into Christian society. Tartakoff explores Jewish antagonism toward Christians and Christianity by examining the aims and techniques of Jews who sought to re-Judaize apostates as well as the Jewish responses to inquisitorial prosecution during an actual investigation. Prosecutions such as the 1341 trial were understood by papal inquisitors to be in defense of Christianity against perceived Jewish attacks, although Tartakoff shows that Christian fears about Jewish hostility were often exaggerated. Drawing together the accounts of Jews, Jewish converts, and inquisitors, this cultural history offers a broad study of interfaith relations in medieval Iberia.

To Live Like a Moor

To Live Like a Moor

Christian Perceptions of Muslim Identity in Medieval and Early Modern Spain

  • Author: Olivia Remie Constable
  • Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
  • ISBN: 0812249488
  • Category: History
  • Page: 248
  • View: 2860
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To Live Like a Moor traces the many shifts in Christian perceptions of Islam-associated ways of life which took place across the centuries between early Reconquista efforts of the eleventh century and the final expulsions of Spain's converted yet poorly assimilated Morisco population in the seventeenth.

Trade and Traders in Muslim Spain

Trade and Traders in Muslim Spain

The Commercial Realignment of the Iberian Peninsula, 900-1500

  • Author: Olivia Remie Constable
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521565035
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 320
  • View: 2609
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This volume surveys Iberian international trade from the tenth to the fifteenth century, with particular emphasis on commerce in the Muslim period and on changes brought by Christian conquest of much of Muslim Spain in the thirteenth century. From the tenth to the thirteenth century, markets in the Iberian peninsula were closely linked to markets elsewhere in the Islamic world, and a strong east-west Mediterranean trading network linked Cairo with Cordoba. Following routes along the North African coast, Muslim and Jewish merchants carried eastern goods to Muslim Spain, returning eastwards with Andalusi exports. Situated at the edge of the Islamic west, Andalusi markets were also emporia for the transfer of commodities between the Islamic world and Christian Europe. After the thirteenth century the Iberian peninsula became part of the European economic sphere, its commercial realignment aided by the opening of the Straits of Gibraltar to Christian trade, and by the contemporary demise of the Muslim trading network in the Mediterranean.

Muslim Spain and Portugal

Muslim Spain and Portugal

A Political History of al-Andalus

  • Author: Hugh Kennedy
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317870409
  • Category: History
  • Page: 358
  • View: 1296
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This is the first study in English of the political history of Muslim Spain and Portugal, based on Arab sources. It provides comprehensive coverage of events across the whole of the region from 711 to the fall of Granada in 1492. Up till now the history of this region has been badly neglected in comparison with studies of other states in medieval Europe. When considered at all, it has been largely written from Christian sources and seen in terms of the Christian Reconquest. Hugh Kennedy raises the profile of this important area, bringing the subject alive with vivid translations from Arab sources. This will be fascinating reading for historians of medieval Europe and for historians of the middle east drawing out the similarities and contrasts with other areas of the Muslim world.

Medieval Iberia

Medieval Iberia

An Encyclopedia

  • Author: E. Michael Gerli
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 113677162X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 952
  • View: 6143
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As the first comprehensive reference to the vital world of medieval Spain, this unique volume focuses on the Iberian kingdoms from the fall of the Roman Empire to the aftermath of the Reconquista. The nearly 1,000 signed A-Z entries, written by renowned specialists in the field, encompass topics of key relevance to medieval Iberia, including people, events, works, and institutions, as well as interdisciplinary coverage of literature, language, history, arts, folklore, religion, and science. Also providing in-depth discussions of the rich contributions of Muslim and Jewish cultures, and offering useful insights into their interactions with Catholic Spain, this comprehensive work is an invaluable tool for students, scholars, and general readers alike. For a full list of entries and contributors, a generous selection of sample entries, and more, visit the Medieval Iberia: An Encyclopedia website.

The Ornament of the World

The Ornament of the World

How Muslims, Jews, and Christians Created a Culture of Tolerance in Medieval Spain

  • Author: Maria Rosa Menocal
  • Publisher: Back Bay Books
  • ISBN: 0316092797
  • Category: History
  • Page: 336
  • View: 8543
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A brilliant and fascinating portrait of medieval Spain explores the golden age when Muslims, Jews, and Christians lived together in an atmosphere of tolerance. of photos. 3 maps.

Muslim and Christian Contact in the Middle Ages

Muslim and Christian Contact in the Middle Ages

A Reader

  • Author: Jarbel Rodriguez
  • Publisher: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 1442604247
  • Category: History
  • Page: 456
  • View: 9136
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To study the interactions between Muslims and Christians in the medieval period is to observe a history of conflict and co-existence encompassing warfare, piracy, and raiding as well as commerce, intellectual exchanges, and personal relationships that transcended religious differences. With particular focus on the Mediterranean world, this collection of more than 80 readings includes sources from Byzantine, Jewish, Muslim, and Latin Christian authors that explore the conflicts and contacts between Muslims and Christians from the seventh to the fifteenth century. Jarbel Rodriguez has selected geographically diverse readings and multiple sources on the same event or topic so that readers gain a better understanding of the relationship that existed between Muslims and Christians in the Middle Ages.

Kingdoms of Faith

Kingdoms of Faith

A New History of Islamic Spain

  • Author: Brian A. Catlos
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 1787380033
  • Category:
  • Page: 496
  • View: 1950
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Prior accounts have portrayed Islamic Spain either as a paradise of enlightened tolerance, or as the site where civilisations clashed. Award-winning historian Brian A. Catlos taps a wide array of original sources to paint a more complex picture, showing how Muslims, Christians, and Jews together built a sophisticated civilisation that transformed the Western world, even as they waged relentless war against each other and amongst themselves. Religion was often the language of conflict, but seldom its cause--a lesson we would do well to learn in our own time.Kingdoms of Faith rewrites Spain's Islamic past from the ground up, evoking the cultural splendour of al-Andalus and the many forces that shaped it.

Convivencia

Convivencia

Jews, Muslims, and Christians in Medieval Spain

  • Author: Vivian B. Mann,Jerrilynn Denise Dodds,Thomas F. Glick,Jewish Museum (New York, N.Y.)
  • Publisher: George Braziller
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 263
  • View: 452
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Looks at the golden age produced by the mingling of the three cultures in medieval Spain and shows examples of arts and crafts

Islamic Spain, 1250 to 1500

Islamic Spain, 1250 to 1500

  • Author: L. P. Harvey
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022622774X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 386
  • View: 8991
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This is a richly detailed account of Muslim life throughout the kingdoms of Spain, from the fall of Seville, which signaled the beginning of the retreat of Islam, to the Christian reconquest. "Harvey not only examines the politics of the Nasrids, but also the Islamic communities in the Christian kingdoms of the peninsula. This innovative approach breaks new ground, enables the reader to appreciate the situation of all Spanish Muslims and is fully vindicated. . . . An absorbing and thoroughly informed narrative."—Richard Hitchcock, Times Higher Education Supplement "L. P. Harvey has produced a beautifully written account of an enthralling subject."—Peter Linehan, The Observer

An Early Modern Dialogue with Islam

An Early Modern Dialogue with Islam

Antonio de Sosa's Topography of Algiers (1612)

  • Author: Antonio de Sosa
  • Publisher: History Lang and Cult Spanish
  • ISBN: 9780268029784
  • Category: History
  • Page: 400
  • View: 2703
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About the Book An Early Modern Dialogue with Islam: Antonio de Sosa's Topography of Algiers (1612) makes available in translation a riveting sixteenth-century chronicle of European and North African cultural contacts that is virtually unknown to English-speaking readers. The Topography was written by a Portuguese cleric, Doctor Antonio de Sosa, who was captured by Algerian corsairs in 1577 and held as a Barbary slave for over four years while awaiting ransom. Sosa's work is a fascinating description of a city at the crossroads of civilizations, with a sophisticated multilingual population of Turks, Arabs, Moriscos, Berbers, Jews, Christian captives, and converts to Islam from across the world. In the Topography of Algiers, Sosa meticulously describes the inhabitants' daily lives; their fashions, pastimes, feasts, and funerals; their government; the landmarks of the city itself; and much more. Readers will be struck by the vibrancy of his narrative, rendered into English with crisp accuracy by Diana de Armas Wilson. The Topography is a treasure trove of amazing customs, startling behavior, and historical anecdotes that will enthrall readers. The extensive introduction by Maria Antonia Garces is a superb archival study of the Mediterranean world described by the Topography, as well as an expose of the adventurous, even scandalous, life of its author. The introduction also discusses the fraudulent publication of Sosa's Topography under another man's name. Sosa's chronicle stands out for its complexity, vitality, and the sharpness of the author's ethnographic vision. No other account of captivity in this period offers such a detailed and dynamic tableau of Algerian society at the end of the sixteenth century. "Long overdue, this translation and edition of Sosa's Topografia is an absolute gem. Sixteenth-century Algiers was the Mediterranean's crossroads, a meeting point and melting-pot for Christians, Muslims, and Jews. Sosa's survey literally brings this important city to life. It is all there: architecture, economy, and religion, plus pirates, renegades, slaves, marriage customs, and more. There is no better source for understanding the human complexity of the early modern Mediterranean world, and both Diana de Armas Wilson--for the translation--and Maria Antonia Garces--for the introduction and notes--deserve credit for their masterful achievement." --Richard L. Kagan, Johns Hopkins University "This is a truly significant text for all scholars of early modern Europe, worthy of their greatest interest and attention. An Early Modern Dialogue with Islam: Antonio de Sosa's Topography of Algiers (1612) marks a watershed in our understanding of the synergies of power and the nature of shifting identities along the borderlands of sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Europe; this work stands as an example of interdisciplinary and cross-culture criticism at its best." --E. Michael Gerli, University of Virginia "Maria Antonia Garces, author of the classic Cervantes in Algiers: A Captive's Tale, crowns her scholarly achievements with a true masterpiece: An Early Modern Dialogue with Islam: Antonio de Sosa's Topography of Algiers (1612). Sosa's Topografia was formerly attributed to Diego de Haedo, but Professor Garces was able to solve the centuries-long mystery of the real authorship of the famous Topography, thanks to her patient research in European archives. Garces's stunning discovery, furthermore, sheds new light on the life of Cervantes, for Sosa was not only his fellow captive in Algiers, but also his first biographer. As the foremost scholar on Cervantes's relationship with Algiers and the Mediterranean, Garces has joined forces with Wilson, a superb translator of Spanish texts. --Luce Lopez-Baralt, University of Puerto Rico

The Arts of Intimacy

The Arts of Intimacy

Christians, Jews, and Muslims in the Making of Castilian Culture

  • Author: Jerrilynn Denise Dodds,Maria Rosa Menocal,Abigail Krasner Balbale
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780300106091
  • Category: History
  • Page: 395
  • View: 8018
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This splendidly illustrated book is a history of medieval Castile from the 11th to 14th centuries, told from a largely cultural standpoint. Whilst the political narrative of these centuries may emphasise war and intolerance - the inexorable forward march of the reconquista, the authors argue that the cultural record tells a very different story. They emphasise the concept of hybridisation, and show how interaction rather than antagonism more often informed cultural transactions between Christians, Muslims and Jews in the great cities of the region, focusing on Toledo, Seville and Cordoba. The extraordinary architecture of the region receives probably the most attention, but none of the visual arts miss out, and there are also extensive discussions and translations of the poetry and written culture of the three communities. A beautiful testament to a unique artistic culture, and an engaging presentation of the growing argument for a surpringly mixed cultural world.

The Martyrs of C¢rdoba

The Martyrs of C¢rdoba

Community and Family Conflict in an Age of Mass Conversion

  • Author: Jessica A. Coope
  • Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
  • ISBN: 9780803214712
  • Category: History
  • Page: 113
  • View: 8261
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Between 850 and 859 (Christian Era), the Muslim government of Csrdoba ordered the execution of forty-eight Christians. With few exceptions, these Christians invited execution by committing capital offenses: some appeared before the Muslim authorities to denounce Mohammed; others, Christian children of mixed Islamic-Christian marriages, publicly proclaimed their Christianity. Coope investigates the origins of this "martyrs' movement" in Csrdoba, then flourishing as a center of Islamic culture. She cites the fears of radical Christians that conversions to Islam were on the increase and that still more Christians were being assimilated into Arab Muslim culture. These fears were well-founded, and the executions further divided Cordovan Christians: some believed the executed to be martyrs, others argued that these were not martyrs but fanatics and troublemakers. For their part, the Muslim authorities, disposed to be tolerant, would have preferred sectarian peace; the martyrs were given every opportunity to recant. Using Christian sources (particularly the hagiographies of St. Eulogius) and Arabic accounts to understand the complex tensions in Muslim Spain between and among the Muslim majority and Christian minority, Coope presents a valuable and fresh view of this society at the apogee of al-Andalus, Muslim Spain. Jessica A. Coope is an assistant professor of history at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Neighboring Faiths

Neighboring Faiths

Christianity, Islam, and Judaism in the Middle Ages and Today

  • Author: David Nirenberg
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022616909X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 352
  • View: 714
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Christianity, Judaism, and Islam are usually treated as autonomous religions, but in fact across the long course of their histories the three religions have developed in interaction with one another. In Neighboring Faiths, David Nirenberg examines how Muslims, Christians, and Jews lived with and thought about each other during the Middle Ages and what the medieval past can tell us about how they do so today. There have been countless scripture-based studies of the three “religions of the book,” but Nirenberg goes beyond those to pay close attention to how the three religious neighbors loved, tolerated, massacred, and expelled each other—all in the name of God—in periods and places both long ago and far away. Nirenberg argues that the three religions need to be studied in terms of how each affected the development of the others over time, their proximity of religious and philosophical thought as well as their overlapping geographies, and how the three “neighbors” define—and continue to define—themselves and their place in terms of one another. From dangerous attractions leading to interfaith marriage; to interreligious conflicts leading to segregation, violence, and sometimes extermination; to strategies for bridging the interfaith gap through language, vocabulary, and poetry, Nirenberg aims to understand the intertwined past of the three faiths as a way for their heirs to produce the future—together.

The Reconquest of Spain

The Reconquest of Spain

  • Author: Derek W. Lomax
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780582502093
  • Category: History
  • Page: 212
  • View: 4588
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Christian Identity amid Islam in Medieval Spain

Christian Identity amid Islam in Medieval Spain

  • Author: Charles L. Tieszen
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004192298
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 306
  • View: 7353
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In Christian Identity amid Islam in Medieval Spain Charles L. Tieszen explores the strategies deployed by authors of medieval anti-Muslim polemic that helped them to forge a religious identity for their communities in light of Islam.

Mythology in the Middle Ages

Mythology in the Middle Ages

Heroic Tales of Monsters, Magic, and Might

  • Author: Christopher R. Fee
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO
  • ISBN: 0275984060
  • Category: History
  • Page: 281
  • View: 3371
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An examination of the greatest heroes of medieval literature looks at a variety of themes and motifs to discover common threads in medieval mythic, legendary, and folkloric traditions.