Search Results for "medieval-monasticism"

Medieval Monasticism

Medieval Monasticism

Forms of Religious Life in Western Europe in the Middle Ages

  • Author: C.H. Lawrence
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317504674
  • Category: History
  • Page: 318
  • View: 8044
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Medieval Monasticism traces the Western Monastic tradition from its fourth century origins in the deserts of Egypt and Syria, through the many and varied forms of religious life it assumed during the Middle Ages. Hugh Lawrence explores the many sided relationship between monasteries and the secular world around them. For a thousand years, the great monastic houses and religious orders were a prominent feature of the social landscape of the West, and their leaders figured as much in the political as on the spiritual map of the medieval world. In this book many of them, together with their supporters and critics, are presented to us and speak their minds to us. We are shown, for instance, the controversy between the Benedictines and the reformed monasticism of the twelfth century and the problems that confronted women in religious life. A detailed glossary offers readers a helpful vocabulary of the subject. This book is essential reading for both students and scholars of the medieval world.

The World of Medieval Monasticism

The World of Medieval Monasticism

Its History and Forms of Life

  • Author: Gert Melville
  • Publisher: Liturgical Press
  • ISBN: 087907499X
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 462
  • View: 2894
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This book surveys the full panorama of ten centuries of Christian monastic life. It moves from the deserts of Egypt and the Frankish monasteries of early medieval Europe to the religious ruptures of the eleventh and twelfth centuries and the reforms of the later Middle Ages. Throughout that story the book balances a rich sense of detail with a broader synthetic view. It presents the history of religious life and its orders as a complex braid woven from multiple strands: individual and community, spirit and institution, rule and custom, church and world. The result is a synthesis that places religious life at the center of European history and presents its institutions as key catalysts of Europe’s move toward modernity.

Silence and Sign Language in Medieval Monasticism

Silence and Sign Language in Medieval Monasticism

The Cluniac Tradition, c.900–1200

  • Author: Scott G. Bruce
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139467832
  • Category: History
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8304
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Silence and Sign Language in Medieval Monasticism explores the rationales for religious silence in early medieval abbeys and the use of nonverbal forms of communication among monks when rules of silence forbade them from speaking. After examining the spiritual benefits of personal silence as a form of protection against the perils of sinful discourse in early monastic thought, this work shows how the monks of the Abbey of Cluny (founded in 910 in Burgundy) were the first to employ a silent language of meaning-specific hand signs that allowed them to convey precise information without recourse to spoken words. Scott Bruce discusses the linguistic character of the Cluniac sign language, its central role in the training of novices, the precautions taken to prevent its abuse, and the widespread adoption of this custom in other abbeys throughout Europe, which resulted in the creation of regionally specific idioms of this silent language.

Medieval Monastic Preaching

Medieval Monastic Preaching

  • Author: Carolyn Muessig
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9789004108837
  • Category: History
  • Page: 367
  • View: 2624
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This book demonstrates that monastic preaching was a diverse activity which included preaching by monks, nuns and heretics. The study offers a preliminary step in understanding how preaching shaped monastic identity in the Middle Ages.

Medieval Monasticism

Medieval Monasticism

A Select Bibliography

  • Author: Giles Constable
  • Publisher: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 1442637617
  • Category: Reference
  • Page: 171
  • View: 7376
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Medieval Monasticism is a bibliography meant as a guide to medieval monasticism, giving direction to the most important works in the subject and is prepared by an expert in the field, Dr. Constable. The bibliography has three aims: it meant to aid students who are relatively new to the area of study, to guide more advanced readers in a subject where they have had little formal training, and to assist new libraries in forming a basic collection in the subject presented.

Medieval Monastic Education

Medieval Monastic Education

  • Author: George Ferzoco,Carolyn Muessig
  • Publisher: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 9780718502461
  • Category: History
  • Page: 237
  • View: 1029
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Based on an international conference held at Downside Abbey in 1999, these 14 essays address various aspects of monastic education and educational practices in England, France, Germany and the Low Countries from the 8th to 16th century. More specifically they highlight the diversity in educational practices and discuss subjects which have not been well covered in other publications such as the role of music, liturgy, physical training and the importance of female, as well as male education.

Women's Monasticism and Medieval Society

Women's Monasticism and Medieval Society

Nunneries in France and England, 890–1215

  • Author: Bruce L. Venarde
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 1501717243
  • Category: History
  • Page: 264
  • View: 4862
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In this engaging work, Bruce L. Venarde uncovers a largely unknown story of women's religious lives and puts female monasticism back in the mainstream of medieval ecclesiastical history. To chart the expansion of nunneries in France and England during the central Middle Ages, he presents statistics and narratives to describe growth in broad historical contexts, with special attention to social and economic change. Venarde explains that in the years 1000–1300 the number of nunneries within Europe grew tenfold. In the eleventh and twelfth centuries, religious institutions for women developed in a variety of ways, mostly outside the self-conscious reform movements that have been the traditional focus of monastic history. Not reforming monks but wandering preachers, bishops, and the women and men of local petty aristocracies made possible the foundation of new nunneries. In times of increased agrarian wealth, decentralization of power, and a shortage of potential spouses, many women decided to become nuns and proved especially adept at combining spiritual search with practical acumen. This era of expansion came to an end in the thirteenth century when forces of regulation and new economic realities reduced radically the number of new nunneries. Venarde argues that the factors encouraging and inhibiting monastic foundations for men and women were much more similar than scholars have previously assumed.

The Culture of Medieval English Monasticism

The Culture of Medieval English Monasticism

  • Author: James G. Clark
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 219
  • View: 8979
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Examinations of the culture - artistic, material, musical - of English monasteries in the six centuries between the Conquest and the Dissolution.

War and the Making of Medieval Monastic Culture

War and the Making of Medieval Monastic Culture

  • Author: Katherine Allen Smith
  • Publisher: Boydell & Brewer Ltd
  • ISBN: 1843838672
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 236
  • View: 951
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The monastic life, traditionally considered as an area of withdrawal from the world, is here shown to be shaped by metaphors of war, and to be actively engaged with battle in the world outside.

Negotiating the Landscape

Negotiating the Landscape

Environment and Monastic Identity in the Medieval Ardennes

  • Author: Ellen F. Arnold
  • Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
  • ISBN: 0812207521
  • Category: History
  • Page: 312
  • View: 3554
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Negotiating the Landscape explores the question of how medieval religious identities were shaped and modified by interaction with the natural environment. Focusing on the Benedictine monastic community of Stavelot-Malmedy in the Ardennes, Ellen F. Arnold draws upon a rich archive of charters, property and tax records, correspondence, miracle collections, and saints' lives from the seventh to the mid-twelfth century to explore the contexts in which the monks' intense engagement with the natural world was generated and refined. Arnold argues for a broad cultural approach to medieval environmental history and a consideration of a medieval environmental imagination through which people perceived the nonhuman world and their own relation to it. Concerned to reassert medieval Christianity's vitality and variety, Arnold also seeks to oppose the historically influential view that the natural world was regarded in the premodern period as provided by God solely for human use and exploitation. The book argues that, rather than possessing a single unifying vision of nature, the monks drew on their ideas and experience to create and then manipulate a complex understanding of their environment. Viewing nature as both wild and domestic, they simultaneously acted out several roles, as stewards of the land and as economic agents exploiting natural resources. They saw the natural world of the Ardennes as a type of wilderness, a pastoral haven, and a source of human salvation, and actively incorporated these differing views of nature into their own attempts to build their community, understand and establish their religious identity, and relate to others who shared their landscape.

Monastic Life in Medieval Daoism

Monastic Life in Medieval Daoism

A Cross-Cultural Perspective

  • Author: Livia Kohn
  • Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
  • ISBN: 9780824826512
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 300
  • View: 4053
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Throughout, Professor Kohn maintains a high comparative level, linking the Daoist situation and practices not only with Chinese popular, Confucian, Buddhist, and lay Daoist traditions, but also with relevant examples from Indian Buddhism and medieval Christianity."--BOOK JACKET.

Monastic Reform as Process

Monastic Reform as Process

Realities and Representations in Medieval Flanders, 900–1100

  • Author: Steven Vanderputten
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 0801468108
  • Category: History
  • Page: 256
  • View: 2851
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The history of monastic institutions in the Middle Ages may at first appear remarkably uniform and predictable. Medieval commentators and modern scholars have observed how monasteries of the tenth to early twelfth centuries experienced long periods of stasis alternating with bursts of rapid development known as reforms. Charismatic leaders by sheer force of will, and by assiduously recruiting the support of the ecclesiastical and lay elites, pushed monasticism forward toward reform, remediating the inevitable decline of discipline and government in these institutions. A lack of concrete information on what happened at individual monasteries is not regarded as a significant problem, as long as there is the possibility to reconstruct the reformers' ''program.'' While this general picture makes for a compelling narrative, it doesn't necessarily hold up when one looks closely at the history of specific institutions. In Monastic Reform as Process, Steven Vanderputten puts the history of monastic reform to the test by examining the evidence from seven monasteries in Flanders, one of the wealthiest principalities of northwestern Europe, between 900 and 1100. He finds that the reform of a monastery should be studied not as an "exogenous shock" but as an intentional blending of reformist ideals with existing structures and traditions. He also shows that reformist government was cumulative in nature, and many of the individual achievements and initiatives of reformist abbots were only possible because they built upon previous achievements. Rather than looking at reforms as "flashpoint events," we need to view them as processes worthy of study in their own right. Deeply researched and carefully argued, Monastic Reform as Process will be essential reading for scholars working on the history of monasteries more broadly as well as those studying the phenomenon of reform throughout history.

Monasticism in late medieval England, c.1300-1535

Monasticism in late medieval England, c.1300-1535

  • Author: Martin Heale
  • Publisher: Manchester Univ Pr
  • ISBN: 9780719071751
  • Category: History
  • Page: 248
  • View: 9930
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Monasticism in Late Medieval England, c.1300-1535 provides the first collection of translated sources on this subject. The volume covers both male and female houses of all orders and sizes, and offers a range of new perspectives on the character and reputation of English monasteries in the later middle ages. The first section surveys the internal affairs of English monasteries, including recruitment, the monastic economy, standards of observance and learning. The second part looks at the relations between monasteries and the world, exploring the monastic contribution to late medieval religion and society and lay attitudes towards monks and nuns in the years leading up to the Dissolution. This book is an ideal introduction to this topic for students and scholars. Supported by an extended and accessible introduction, this collection of documents gives an unrivalled insight into the last phase of monastic life in medieval England.

The Revival of Buddhist Monasticism in Medieval China

The Revival of Buddhist Monasticism in Medieval China

  • Author: Huaiyu Chen
  • Publisher: Peter Lang
  • ISBN: 9780820486246
  • Category: Foreign Language Study
  • Page: 244
  • View: 6068
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Original Scholarly Monograph

Women in the Medieval Monastic World

Women in the Medieval Monastic World

  • Author: Janet Burton,Karen Stober
  • Publisher: Brepols Pub
  • ISBN: 9782503553085
  • Category: History
  • Page: 330
  • View: 3810
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There has long been a tendency among monastic historians to ignore or marginalize female participation in monastic life, but recent scholarship has begun to redress the balance, and the great contributions made by women to the religious life of the Middle Ages are now attracting increasing attention. This interdisciplinary volume draws together scholars from Spain, Italy, France, the Low Countries, Germany, Transylvania, Scandinavia, and the British Isles, and offers new insights into the history, art history, and material culture, and the religiosity and culture of medieval religious women. The different chapters within this book take a comparative approach to the emergence and spread of female monastic communities across different geographical, political, and economic settings, comparing and contrasting houses that ranged from rich, powerful royal abbeys to small, subsistence priories on the margins of society, and exploring the artistic achievements, the interaction with neighbours and secular and ecclesiastical authorities, and the spiritual lives that were led by their inhabitants. The contributors to this volume address issues as diverse as patronage and relationships with the outside world, organizational structures, the nature of Cistercian observance and identity among female houses, and the role of male authority, and in doing so, they seek to shed light on the divergences and commonalities upon which the female religious life was based.

The Benedictines in the Middle Ages

The Benedictines in the Middle Ages

  • Author: James G. Clark
  • Publisher: Boydell & Brewer Ltd
  • ISBN: 1843839733
  • Category: History
  • Page: 374
  • View: 3808
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A comprehensive survey of the origins, development, and influence of the most important monastic order in the middle ages.

Life in the Medieval Cloister

Life in the Medieval Cloister

  • Author: Julie Kerr
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1441135928
  • Category: History
  • Page: 272
  • View: 5696
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Life in the Medieval Cloister makes extensive use of primary sources and quotations from chronicles, letters, customaries and miracle stories, and the experience of medieval monastic life is presented through the monks' own words. Medievalist Julie Kerr provides day to day account of life in the medieval monastery from the Norman conquest to the Dissolution, with a particular focus on the high Middle ages, exploring such questions as: • What effect did the ascetic lifestyle have on the monks' physical health and mental well-being? • How difficult was it for newcomers to adapt to the rigors of the cloister? • Did the monks suffer from anxiety and boredom; what caused them concern and how did they seek comfort? • What did it really mean to live the solitary life within a communal environment and how significant were issues of loneliness and isolation? Life in the Medieval Cloister makes an important contribution to our understanding of medieval monastic life by exploring key aspects that have been either inadequately addressed or overlooked by historians, but also offers an up close and personal perspective on a fascinating, but little known, corner of history.

Sacred Economies

Sacred Economies

Buddhist Monasticism and Territoriality in Medieval China

  • Author: Michael J. Walsh
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231519931
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 256
  • View: 1427
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Buddhist monasteries in medieval China employed a variety of practices to ensure their ascendancy and survival. Most successful was the exchange of material goods for salvation, as in the donation of land, which allowed monks to spread their teachings throughout China. By investigating a variety of socioeconomic spaces produced and perpetuated by Chinese monasteries, Michael J. Walsh reveals the "sacred economies" that shaped early Buddhism and its relationship with consumption and salvation. Centering his study on Tiantong, a Buddhist monastery that has thrived for close to seventeen centuries in southeast China, Walsh follows three main topics: the spaces monks produced, within and around which a community could pursue a meaningful existence; the social and economic avenues through which monasteries provided diverse sacred resources and secured the primacy of Buddhist teachings within an agrarian culture; and the nature of "transactive" participation within monastic spaces, which later became a fundamental component of a broader Chinese religiosity. Unpacking these sacred economies and repositioning them within the history of religion in China, Walsh encourages a different approach to the study of Chinese religion, emphasizing the critical link between religious exchange and the production of material culture.

Crown and Veil

Crown and Veil

Female Monasticism from the Fifth to the Fifteenth Centuries

  • Author: Ruhrlandmuseum Essen,Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 9780231139809
  • Category: Art
  • Page: 318
  • View: 4746
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Crown and Veil offers a broad introduction to the history and visual culture of female monasticism in the Middle Ages, from the earliest communities of Late Antiquity to the Reformation. Scholars from numerous disciplines offer a wide range of perspectives not to be found in any other single book on the subject, placing the art, architecture, literature, liturgy, religious practices, and economic foundations of these communities within a wide historical and cultural context. Long considered marginal to mainstream history, nuns and canonesses in fact had a profound influence on medieval culture. Revered and admired as models of piety, they commanded considerable prestige and exercised a significant degree of political power. Whether acting as producers or patrons of art, nuns were widely celebrated for their imaginative accomplishments. Focusing on the visual culture of female monastic communities in the German Empire, Frankish Gaul, Langobard Italy, and Anglo-Saxon England, this volume underscores the richness of largely unfamiliar material and its role in shaping distinctive forms of religious life.