Search Results for "military-innovation-in-the-interwar-period"

Military Innovation in the Interwar Period

Military Innovation in the Interwar Period

  • Author: Williamson R. Murray,Allan R. Millett
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521637602
  • Category: History
  • Page: 428
  • View: 9377
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A study of major military innovations in the 1920s and 1930s.

Military Effectiveness: Volume 2, The Interwar Period

Military Effectiveness: Volume 2, The Interwar Period

  • Author: Allan R. Millett,Williamson Murray
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9781139502115
  • Category: History
  • Page: 281
  • View: 4329
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This three-volume study examines the questions raised by the performance of the military institutions of France, Germany, Russia, the United States, Great Britain, Japan and Italy in the period from 1914 to 1945. Leading military historians deal with the different national approaches to war and military power at the tactical, operational, strategic, and political levels. They form the basis for a fundamental re-examination of how military organizations have performed in the first half of the twentieth century. Volume 2 covers the interwar period. Volumes 1 and 3 address World War I and World War II, respectively. Now in a new edition, with a new introduction by the editors, these classic volumes will remain invaluable for military historians and social scientists in their examination of national security and military issues. They will also be essential reading for future military leaders at Staff and War Colleges.

Military Adaptation in War

Military Adaptation in War

With Fear of Change

  • Author: Williamson Murray
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107006597
  • Category: History
  • Page: 342
  • View: 1279
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Addresses how military organizations confront the problem of adapting under the trying, terrifying conditions of war.

Military Effectiveness: Volume 3, The Second World War

Military Effectiveness: Volume 3, The Second World War

  • Author: Allan R. Millett,Williamson Murray
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9781139502122
  • Category: History
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5598
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This three-volume study examines the questions raised by the performance of the military institutions of France, Germany, Russia, the United States, Great Britain, Japan, and Italy in the period from 1914 to 1945. Leading military historians deal with the different national approaches to war and military power at the tactical, operational, strategic, and political levels. They form the basis for a fundamental re-examination of how military organizations have performed in the first half of the twentieth century. Volume 3 covers World War II. Volumes 1 and 2 address address World War I and the interwar period, respectively. Now in a new edition, with a new introduction by the editors, these classic volumes will remain invaluable for military historians and social scientists in their examination of national security and military issues. They will also be essential reading for future military leaders at Staff and War Colleges.

Wendepunkte

Wendepunkte

Schlüsselentscheidungen im Zweiten Weltkrieg

  • Author: Ian Kershaw
  • Publisher: DVA
  • ISBN: 3641128110
  • Category: History
  • Page: 736
  • View: 6443
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Entscheidungen, die Geschichte machten Der Beginn des Zweiten Weltkriegs stellte die Regierungschefs der Welt vor lebenswichtige Entscheidungen. In London, Berlin, Washington, Rom, Moskau und Tokio mussten Politiker und Generäle weitreichende Beschlüsse fassen. Ian Kershaw nimmt zehn Entscheidungen, die für den Verlauf des Zweiten Weltkriegs von zentraler Bedeutung waren, in den Blick und macht deutlich, dass in diesem Kampf nichts vorherbestimmt war. Die Ereignisse, die den Beginn des Zweiten Weltkriegs markierten, versetzten weite Teile der Welt in eine Art Schockzustand. Plötzlich schien es keine Regeln mehr zu geben. Die Aggressoren kannten für ihr Tun keine Grenzen, für ihre Opfer aber zogen dunkle Zeiten herauf. Im Strudel dieser Ereignisse sah sich eine kleine Gruppe von Politikern mit zentralen Entscheidungen konfrontiert, die in dieser Auseinandersetzung Triumph oder Untergang bedeuten konnten. In seinem glänzend geschriebenen Buch »Wendepunkte« vermittelt der Historiker Ian Kershaw dem Leser einen einzigartigen Eindruck davon, wie groß der Entscheidungsspielraum der einzelnen Politiker tatsächlich war und welche Rolle ihre ganz individuelle Persönlichkeit spielte: Warum entschloss sich Churchill, nach der französischen Kapitulation weiterzukämpfen? Warum vertraute Stalin darauf, dass Hitler die UdSSR nicht überfallen würde? Und warum griffen die Japaner Pearl Harbor an? Diese und weitere Entscheidungen veränderten den Lauf der Welt. Die zehn wichtigsten Entscheidungen des Zweiten Weltkriegs und die Männer, die sie trafen.

Am Anfang war Gewalt

Am Anfang war Gewalt

Die deutsche Revolution 1918/19 und der Beginn der Weimarer Republik

  • Author: Mark Jones
  • Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage
  • ISBN: 3843715475
  • Category: History
  • Page: 380
  • View: 1535
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Der Historiker Mark Jones schildert die dramatische Gründungsphase der Weimarer Republik erstmals als eine Geschichte der Gewalt. Er zeigt, wie eine anfangs friedliche Revolution in einer Reihe von Tabubrüchen endet, einschließlich des Mordes an Frauen und Kindern durch Soldaten der sozialdemokratisch geführten Regierung. Diese Erfahrung wurde für das weitere Schicksal Deutschlands prägend – bis hin zur entfesselten Gewalt des NS-Regimes. Anhand neu erschlossener Archivquellen, darunter zahlreiche Berichte von Zeitzeugen, führt Mark Jones den Leser an die Orte der staatlich legitimierten und ausgelösten Gewaltexzesse dieser Zeit und lässt die Stimmen der Täter, ihrer Opfer und deren Familien lebendig werden. »Mark Jones‘ exzellent geschriebenes Buch wirft einen neuen Blick auf die deutsche Revolution von 1918/19.« Sönke Neitzel »Am Anfang war Gewalt ist das Werk eines der meistversprechenden Historikers der jüngeren deutschen Vergangenheit. Es stützt sich auf akribische archivalische Forschung und fügt unserem Verständnis von der Geburt der deutschen Demokratie ein wichtiges Korrektiv hinzu. Zugleich ist das Buch eine Herausforderung für die Historiker, die sich traditionell meist auf die hohe Politik konzentrieren. Denn es eröffnet uns neue Fragestellungen zur Geschichte Deutschlands in der schicksalhaften ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts.« Robert Gerwarth, University College Dublin »Eine bemerkenswerte Darstellung der deutschen Revolution von 1918/19 (…) Mark Jones gelingt es, die militärische und politische Geschichte mit der Gesellschafts- und Kulturgeschichte zu verbinden. Ein Buch, das eine breite Leserschaft verdient.« Peter C. Caldwell, Rice University (USA) »Es gibt gute Gründe, anzunehmen, dass dieses Buch einmal als ein Wendepunkt in der Art und Weise eingestuft werden wird, wie die Historiker die revolutionären Umwälzungen und die politische Gewalt erklären, die am Ende des Ersten Weltkrieges den europäischen Kontinent erschütterten (...) Originell und gut geschrieben, ist Am Anfang war Gewalt eine innovative, faszinierende und überzeugende Analyse der Gewalt in der deutschen Revolution von 1918/19. Man kann Mark Jones zu diesem neuen und provokativen Beitrag nur gratulieren.« Ángel Alcalde, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München »Ein gründlich recherchiertes und intelligent argumentierendes Buch. Mark Jones verdient Anerkennung für diesen unser Verständnis der deutschen Revolution von 1918/19 bereichernden Beitrag (...) In gewisser Weise kommt seine Darstellung der heute als klassisch geltenden Sichtweise nahe, die Mehrheitssozialdemokraten hätten aus überzogenen Ängsten vor dem Bolschewismus heraus auf die revolutionäre Unruhe überreagiert (...) Doch statt diese Ängste von oben herab verurteilen, macht Jones sich die Mühe, ihre Entstehung und ihre Wechselwirkungen mit den Ereignissen auf der Straße zu analysieren.« Moritz Föllmer, University of Amsterdam

The Dynamics of Military Revolution, 1300-2050

The Dynamics of Military Revolution, 1300-2050

  • Author: MacGregor Knox,Williamson Murray
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521800792
  • Category: History
  • Page: 203
  • View: 3107
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Studies the changes that have marked war in the Western World since the thirteenth century.

Defence Planning and Uncertainty

Defence Planning and Uncertainty

Preparing for the Next Asia-Pacific War

  • Author: Stephan Frühling
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317817842
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 252
  • View: 5058
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How can countries decide what kind of military forces they need, if threats are uncertain and history is full of strategic surprises? This is a question that is more pertinent than ever, as countries across the Asia-Pacific are faced with the military and economic rise of China. Uncertainty is inherent in defence planning, but different types of uncertainty mean that countries need to approach decisions about military force structure in different ways. This book examines four different basic frameworks for defence planning, and demonstrates how states can make decisions coherently about the structure and posture of their defence forces despite strategic uncertainty. It draws on case studies from the United States, Australian and New Zealand, each of which developed key concepts for their particular circumstances and risk perception in Asia. Success as well as failure in developing coherent defence planning frameworks holds lessons for the United States and other countries as they consider how best to structure their military forces for the uncertain challenges of the future.

The Culture of Military Innovation

The Culture of Military Innovation

The Impact of Cultural Factors on the Revolution in Military Affairs in Russia, the US, and Israel.

  • Author: Dima Adamsky
  • Publisher: Stanford University Press
  • ISBN: 0804773807
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 248
  • View: 3692
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This book studies the impact of cultural factors on the course of military innovations. One would expect that countries accustomed to similar technologies would undergo analogous changes in their perception of and approach to warfare. However, the intellectual history of the Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA) in Russia, the US, and Israel indicates the opposite. The US developed technology and weaponry for about a decade without reconceptualizing the existing paradigm about the nature of warfare. Soviet 'new theory of victory' represented a conceptualization which chronologically preceded technological procurement. Israel was the first to utilize the weaponry on the battlefield, but was the last to develop a conceptual framework that acknowledged its revolutionary implications. Utilizing primary sources that had previously been completely inaccessible, and borrowing methods of analysis from political science, history, anthropology, and cognitive psychology, this book suggests a cultural explanation for this puzzling transformation in warfare. The Culture of Military Innovation offers a systematic, thorough, and unique analytical approach that may well be applicable in other perplexing strategic situations. Though framed in the context of specific historical experience, the insights of this book reveal important implications related to conventional, subconventional, and nonconventional security issues. It is therefore an ideal reference work for practitioners, scholars, teachers, and students of security studies.

Uncovering Ways of War

Uncovering Ways of War

U.S. Intelligence and Foreign Military Innovation, 1918-1941

  • Author: Thomas G. Mahnken
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 9780801439865
  • Category: History
  • Page: 190
  • View: 3444
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Using formerly classified sources - in particular, the reports of military attaches and other diplomat-officers - Thomas G. Mahnken sheds light on the shadowy world of U.S. intelligence gathering, tracing how America learned of military developments in Japan, Germany, and Great Britain in the period between the two world wars. The interwar period witnessed both a considerable shift in the balance of power in Europe and Asia and the emergence of new ways of war, such as carrier aviation, amphibious operations, and combined-arms armored warfare. American attempts to follow these developments, Mahnken says, illustrate the problems that intelligence organizations face in their efforts to bridge the gulf between prewar expectations and wartime reality. He finds three reasons for intelligence's relative lack of success: intelligence agencies are more inclined to monitor established weapons systems than to search for new ones; their attention is more likely to focus on technology and doctrine already demonstrated in combat; and they have more success identifying innovation in areas their own country is testing.

Geschichte des Faschismus

Geschichte des Faschismus

Aufstieg und Fall einer europäischen Bewegung

  • Author: Stanley G. Payne
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783549071489
  • Category: Europe
  • Page: 800
  • View: 3694
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Darstellung und Interpretation der Geschichte des Aufstiegs und Endes des Faschismus im 2. Weltkrieg.

Agents of Innovation

Agents of Innovation

The General Board and the Design of the Fleet that Defeated the Japanese Navy

  • Author: John T. Kuehn
  • Publisher: Naval Institute Press
  • ISBN: 1612514057
  • Category: History
  • Page: 256
  • View: 8830
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The author examines the influence of the General Board of the U.S. Navy as an agent of innovation in the years between the world wars. A formal body established by the secretary of the Navy, the General Board served as the organizational nexus for the interaction between fleet design and the naval limitations imposed on the Navy by treaty. Particularly important, Kuehn argues, was the Board's role in implementing the Washington Naval Treaty, which limited naval armaments after 1922. Kuehn explains that the leadership of the Navy at large and the General Board in particular felt themselves especially constrained by Article XIX of the Washington Naval Treaty, which implemented a status quo on naval fortifications in the western Pacific.

War, Strategy, and Military Effectiveness

War, Strategy, and Military Effectiveness

  • Author: Williamson Murray
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139499041
  • Category: History
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8839
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This collection of articles represents Professor Williamson Murray's efforts to elucidate the role that history should play in thinking about both the present and the future. They reflect three disparate themes in Professor Murray's work: his deep fascination with history and those who have acted in the past; his fascination with the similarities in human behavior between the past and the present; and his belief that the study of military and strategic history can be of real use to those who will confront the daunting problems of war and peace in the twenty-first century. The first group of essays addresses the relevance of history to an understanding of the present and to an understanding of the possibilities of the future. The second addresses the possible direct uses of history to think through the problems involved in the creation of effective military institutions. The final group represents historical case studies that serve to illuminate the present.

US Military Innovation since the Cold War

US Military Innovation since the Cold War

Creation Without Destruction

  • Author: Harvey Sapolsky,Benjamin Friedman,Brendan Green
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135968675
  • Category: History
  • Page: 224
  • View: 2283
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This book explains how the US military reacted to the 'Revolution in Military Affairs' (RMA), and failed to innovate its organization or doctrine to match the technological breakthroughs it brought about. Many called for the transformation of the US military in the years after the end of the Cold War, seeking the changes in organization and doctrine that would complete the RMA innovation and a commitment to counter-insurgency, peace keeping and nation building missions. This volume describes the origins, uses, and limits of the RMA technologies, examines how each of the five US armed services (categorising the Special Operations as a separate service) made their adjustments both to the technologies and the use of force, and how the role of the civilian officials and the defense industry altered in this process of change and avoidance of change. The book examines the internal politics of the services as well as civil/military relations to identify the external pressures on the services for significant change in their doctrine and weapons. Many have noted the failure of the services to innovate in what can be called the 'Second Inter-war Period' (the years after the Cold War). This book offers explanations for this failure and arguments about the possible range and desirability of military innovation in the post-Cold war era. This book will be of great interest to students of strategic studies, US defence politics, military studies, and US politics. Harvey M. Sapolsky is Professor of Public Policy and Organization in the Department of Political Science at MIT and former Director of the Security Studies Program. Benjamin H. Friedman is a Research Fellow in Defense and Homeland Security Studies at the Cato Institute and a Ph.D. Candidate in Political Science at MIT. Brendan Green is a Ph.D. Candidate in Political Science at MIT and an affiliate of the Security Studies Program.

Small Powers in the Age of Total War, 1900-1940

Small Powers in the Age of Total War, 1900-1940

  • Author: Herman Amersfoort,Wim Klinkert
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004203214
  • Category: History
  • Page: 372
  • View: 2391
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In the period 1900-1940 the Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark, Norway and Switzerland reacted in divergent ways to the same foreign military threats. This volume argues that their internal politics and politico-military strategic culture are vital keys to understanding those differences.

Warfighting and Disruptive Technologies

Warfighting and Disruptive Technologies

Disguising Innovation

  • Author: Terry Pierce
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135769311
  • Category: History
  • Page: 288
  • View: 2915
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Occasionally, during times of peace, military forces achieve major warfighting innovations. Terry Pierce terms these developments 'disruptive innovations' and shows how senior leaders have often disguised them in order to ensure their innovations survived. He shows how more common innovations however, have been those of integrating new technologies to help perform existing missions better and not change them radically. The author calls these 'sustaining innovations'. The recent innovation history suggests two interesting questions. First, how can senior military leaders achieve a disruptive innovation when they are heavily engaged around the world and they are managing sustaining innovations? Second, what have been the external sources of disruptive (and sustaining) innovations? This book is essential reading for professionals and students interested in national security, military history and strategic issues.

The Iraq War

The Iraq War

  • Author: Williamson Murray,Robert H Scales
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674012806
  • Category: History
  • Page: 312
  • View: 488
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A ripped-from-the-headlines history of the Iraq War takes readers well beyond the briefings and CNN broadcasts in search of the "new American way of war" and its consequences in the first major war of the millennium. (Current Affairs)

Forging China's Military Might

Forging China's Military Might

A New Framework for Assessing Innovation

  • Author: Tai Ming Cheung
  • Publisher: JHU Press
  • ISBN: 1421411598
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 9759
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Among the most important issues in international security today are the nature and the global implications of China’s emergence as a world-class defense technology power. Since the beginning of the twenty-first century, the Chinese defense industry has reinvented itself by emphasizing technological innovation and technology. This reinvention and its potential effects, both positive and negative, are attracting global scrutiny. Drawing insights from a range of disciplines, including history, social science, business, and strategic studies, Tai Ming Cheung and the contributors to Forging China's Military Might develop an analytical framework to evaluate the nature, dimensions, and spectrum of Chinese innovation in the military and broader defense spheres. Forging China's Military Might provides an overview of the current state of the Chinese defense industry and then focuses on subjects critical to understanding short- and long-term developments, including the relationship among defense contractors, regulators, and end-users; civil-military integration; China’s defense innovation system; and China’s place in the global defense economy. Case studies look in detail at the Chinese space and missile industry. -- Andrew Scobell, RAND Corporation

The Emerging Strategic Environment

The Emerging Strategic Environment

Challenges of the Twenty-first Century

  • Author: Williamson Murray
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 9780275965730
  • Category: History
  • Page: 320
  • View: 6200
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An examination of three critical areas in the emerging strategic environment: major trouble spots in the world (the Balkans and the Middle East); the security policies of three of the major European powers (Britain, Germany, and Russia); and the preparations of three of the U.S. services and the joint community to address the new world order.