Search Results for "military-innovation-in-the-interwar-period"

Military Innovation in the Interwar Period

Military Innovation in the Interwar Period

  • Author: Williamson R. Murray,Allan R. Millett
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521637602
  • Category: History
  • Page: 428
  • View: 1107
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In 1914, the armies and navies that faced each other were alike right down to the strengths of their companies and battalions and the designs of their battleships and cruisers. Differences were of degree rather than essence. During the interwar period, however, the armed forces grew increasingly asymmetrical, developing different approaches to the same problems. This 1996 study of major military innovations in the 1920s and 1930s explores differences in exploitation by the seven major military powers. The comparative essays investigate how and why innovation occurred or did not occur, and explain much of the strategic and operative performance of the Axis and Allies in World War II. The essays focus on several instances of how military services developed new technology and weapons and incorporated them into their doctrine, organisation and styles of operations.

Military Innovation in the Interwar Period

Military Innovation in the Interwar Period

  • Author: Williamson R. Murray,Allan R. Millett
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107268621
  • Category: History
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8405
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In 1914, the armies and navies that faced each other were alike right down to the strengths of their companies and battalions and the designs of their battleships and cruisers. Differences were of degree rather than essence. During the interwar period, however, the armed forces grew increasingly asymmetrical, developing different approaches to the same problems. This study of major military innovations in the 1920s and 1930s explores differences in exploitation by the seven major military powers. The comparative essays investigate how and why innovation occurred or did not occur, and explain much of the strategic and operative performance of the Axis and Allies in World War II. The essays focus on several instances of how military services developed new technology and weapons and incorporated them into their doctrine, organisation and styles of operations.

Fast Tanks and Heavy Bombers

Fast Tanks and Heavy Bombers

Innovation in the U.S. Army, 1917–1945

  • Author: David E. Johnson
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 0801467101
  • Category: History
  • Page: 304
  • View: 732
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The U.S. Army entered World War II unprepared. In addition, lacking Germany's blitzkrieg approach of coordinated armor and air power, the army was organized to fight two wars: one on the ground and one in the air. Previous commentators have blamed Congressional funding and public apathy for the army's unprepared state. David E. Johnson believes instead that the principal causes were internal: army culture and bureaucracy, and their combined impact on the development of weapons and doctrine. Johnson examines the U.S. Army's innovations for both armor and aviation between the world wars, arguing that the tank became a captive of the conservative infantry and cavalry branches, while the airplane's development was channeled by air power insurgents bent on creating an independent air force. He maintains that as a consequence, the tank's potential was hindered by the traditional arms, while air power advocates focused mainly on proving the decisiveness of strategic bombing, neglecting the mission of tactical support for ground troops. Minimal interaction between ground and air officers resulted in insufficient cooperation between armored forces and air forces. Fast Tanks and Heavy Bombers makes a major contribution to a new understanding of both the creation of the modern U.S. Army and the Army's performance in World War II. The book also provides important insights for future military innovation.

Military Adaptation in War

Military Adaptation in War

With Fear of Change

  • Author: Williamson Murray
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107006597
  • Category: History
  • Page: 342
  • View: 1661
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Addresses how military organizations confront the problem of adapting under the trying, terrifying conditions of war.

The Dynamics of Military Revolution, 1300-2050

The Dynamics of Military Revolution, 1300-2050

  • Author: MacGregor Knox,Williamson Murray
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521800792
  • Category: History
  • Page: 203
  • View: 4196
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Studies the changes that have marked war in the Western World since the thirteenth century.

Uncovering Ways of War

Uncovering Ways of War

U.S. Intelligence and Foreign Military Innovation, 1918-1941

  • Author: Thomas G. Mahnken
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 9780801439865
  • Category: History
  • Page: 190
  • View: 3108
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Using formerly classified sources - in particular, the reports of military attaches and other diplomat-officers - Thomas G. Mahnken sheds light on the shadowy world of U.S. intelligence gathering, tracing how America learned of military developments in Japan, Germany, and Great Britain in the period between the two world wars. The interwar period witnessed both a considerable shift in the balance of power in Europe and Asia and the emergence of new ways of war, such as carrier aviation, amphibious operations, and combined-arms armored warfare. American attempts to follow these developments, Mahnken says, illustrate the problems that intelligence organizations face in their efforts to bridge the gulf between prewar expectations and wartime reality. He finds three reasons for intelligence's relative lack of success: intelligence agencies are more inclined to monitor established weapons systems than to search for new ones; their attention is more likely to focus on technology and doctrine already demonstrated in combat; and they have more success identifying innovation in areas their own country is testing.

Military Effectiveness: Volume 2, The Interwar Period

Military Effectiveness: Volume 2, The Interwar Period

  • Author: Allan R. Millett,Williamson Murray
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9781139502115
  • Category: History
  • Page: 281
  • View: 6358
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This three-volume study examines the questions raised by the performance of the military institutions of France, Germany, Russia, the United States, Great Britain, Japan and Italy in the period from 1914 to 1945. Leading military historians deal with the different national approaches to war and military power at the tactical, operational, strategic, and political levels. They form the basis for a fundamental re-examination of how military organizations have performed in the first half of the twentieth century. Volume 2 covers the interwar period. Volumes 1 and 3 address World War I and World War II, respectively. Now in a new edition, with a new introduction by the editors, these classic volumes will remain invaluable for military historians and social scientists in their examination of national security and military issues. They will also be essential reading for future military leaders at Staff and War Colleges.

The Source of Military Doctrine

The Source of Military Doctrine

France, Britain, and Germany between the world wars

  • Author: Barry R. Posen
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 0801468574
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 2560
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Barry R. Posen explores how military doctrine takes shape and the role it plays in grand strategy-that collection of military, economic, and political means and ends with which a state attempts to achieve security. Posen isolates three crucial elements of a given strategic doctrine: its offensive, defensive, or deterrent characteristics, its integration of military resources with political aims, and the degree of military or operational innovation it contains. He then examines these components of doctrine from the perspectives of organization theory and balance of power theory, taking into account the influence of technology and geography. Looking at interwar France, Britain, and Germany, Posen challenges each theory to explain the German Blitzkrieg, the British air defense system, and the French Army's defensive doctrine often associated with the Maginot Line. This rigorous comparative study, in which the balance of power theory emerges as the more useful, not only allows us to discover important implications for the study of national strategy today, but also serves to sharpen our understanding of the origins of World War II.

The U.S. Marines And Amphibious War

The U.S. Marines And Amphibious War

Its Theory, And Its Practice In The Pacific

  • Author: Jeter A. Isely,Dr. Philip A. Crowl
  • Publisher: Pickle Partners Publishing
  • ISBN: 1787200957
  • Category: History
  • Page: 679
  • View: 8038
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“Not only a just appraisal of the campaigns waged by Marines in World War II; it is a documentation of the Marine struggle to prove the feasibility of amphibious warfare....Relentlessly accurate and impartial.”—N.Y. Times Originally published in 1951, this book is a widely regarded classic on US Marine amphibious doctrine and operations employed in the Pacific during the Second World War. The authors describe in detail the development of the theoretical aspects of amphibious assault in the inter-war period, but devote the vast majority of the narrative to the various landings and their core strategies, using Japanese documents “to sketch in the background of military decisions made by the enemy.” A must for those who wish to understand the American war against Japan.

Destined for Glory

Destined for Glory

Dive Bombing, Midway, and the Evolution of Carrier Airpower

  • Author: Thomas Wildenberg
  • Publisher: Naval Institute Press
  • ISBN: 1612511015
  • Category: History
  • Page: 288
  • View: 5460
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On 4 June 1942, three squadrons of U.S. Navy Dauntless dive bombers destroyed Japan's carrier force at Midway and changed the course of the Pacific war. As Wildenberg demonstrates in this book, the key ingredient to the Navy's success was the planning and training devoted to the tactic of dive bombing. Examining how political, economic, technical, and operational factors influenced the development of carrier airpower between 1925 and 1942, he shows why dive bombing became the Navy's weapon of choice. He also pays tribute to the select group of naval aviators who drove the evolution of carrier tactics. Although many books have been written about the Battle of Midway, this is the first to focus on how the Navy came to develop the one aerial weapon that proved to be the decisive instrument of victory

Military Effectiveness Set

Military Effectiveness Set

  • Author: Allan R. Millett,Williamson Murray
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9781107000889
  • Category: History
  • Page: 1112
  • View: 5733
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Examines questions raised by the performance of the military institutions of France, Germany, Russia, the US, Great Britain, Japan and Italy between 1914 and 1945.

The Cambridge History of Warfare

The Cambridge History of Warfare

  • Author: Geoffrey Parker
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521853590
  • Category: History
  • Page: 515
  • View: 9318
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War is a compelling subject. It is common to almost all known societies and periods of history. The Cambridge History of Warfare, first published in 2005, provides a detailed account of war in the West from antiquity to the present day, and is unique because of its controversial thesis that war in western societies has followed a unique path leading to western dominance of the globe. From the Greek victory at Marathon to the Gulf War, readable and authoritative, The Cambridge History of Warfare places in context the key events in the history of armed engagement. All aspects of war on land, sea, and in the air are covered: weapons and technology; strategy and defense; discipline and intelligence; mercenaries and standing armies; cavalry and infantry; chivalry and Blitzkrieg; guerilla assault and nuclear arsenals. This volume, first published as The Cambridge Illustrated History of Warfare, includes maps and an updated bibliography.

War in the Air, 1914-45

War in the Air, 1914-45

  • Author: Williamson Murray
  • Publisher: London : Cassell
  • ISBN: 9780304352234
  • Category: History
  • Page: 224
  • View: 6916
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Explores how airplanes were used in World War I and World War II.

There's a War to Be Won

There's a War to Be Won

The United States Army in World War II

  • Author: Geoffrey Perret
  • Publisher: Ballantine Books
  • ISBN: 0307801403
  • Category: History
  • Page: 662
  • View: 1262
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THERE'S A WAR TO BE WON is the landmark story of one of the greatest armies in history, a conscript force of amateur soldiers who had an unparalleled record of combat success. Here -- for the first time in one volume -- is the chronicle of the United States Army's dramatic mobilization and stunning march to victory in World War II. In a lively and engrossing narrative that spans theaters of operations around the world, Geoffrey Perret tells how the Army was drafted, trained, organized, armed, and led at every stage of the war. Beginning with the prescient military planners of the 1930s, he offers vivid warts-and-all profiles of the farsighted commanders who would lead the way, men like Marshall, MacArthur, Eisenhower, Ridgway, Bradley, and Patton. Drawing heavily on important new source material in major archives throughout the United States, THERE'S A WAR TO BE WON offers new insights into the wartime Army, its commanders, and its battles. A major work of American military history. "An immensely readable, well-researched history . . . Dramatic." -- Chicago Tribune From the Paperback edition.

The Challenge of Change

The Challenge of Change

Military Institutions and New Realities, 1918-1941

  • Author: Harold R. Winton,David R. Mets
  • Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
  • ISBN: 9780803298354
  • Category: History
  • Page: 246
  • View: 9630
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Also included are an introduction describing the intellectual and practical challenges facing the military reformer in peacetime and a concluding essay by Dennis Showalter drawing together the issues examined in the preceding studies and setting these themes in an interpretive, historiographical context. The Challenge of Change has been designed to meet the needs of historians, military professionals, and defense analysts."--BOOK JACKET.

For the Common Defense

For the Common Defense

  • Author: Allan R. Millett,Peter Maslowski
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN: 1439118272
  • Category: History
  • Page: 736
  • View: 480
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Now fully updated and totally revised, this highly regarded classic remains the most comprehensive study available of America’s military history. Called “the preeminent survey of American military history” by Russell F. Weigley, America’s foremost military historian, For the Common Defense is an essential contribution to the field of military history. This carefully researched third edition provides the most complete and current history of United States defense policy and military institutions and the conduct of America’s wars. Without diminishing the value of its earlier editions, authors Allan R. Millett, Peter Maslowski, and William B. Feis provide a fresh perspective on the continuing issues that characterize national security policy. They have updated the work with new material covering nearly twenty years of scholarship, including the history of the American military experience in the Balkans and Somalia, analyzing the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan from 2001 to 2012, and providing two new chapters on the Vietnam War. For the Common Defense examines the nation’s pluralistic military institutions in both peace and war, the tangled civil-military relations that created the country’s commitment to civilian control of the military, the armed forces’ increasing nationalization and professionalization, and America’s growing reliance on sophisticated technologies spawned by the Industrial Revolution and the Computer and Information Ages. This edition is also a timely reminder that vigilance is indeed the price of liberty but that vigilance has always been—and continues to be—a costly, complex, and contentious undertaking in a world that continually tests America’s willingness and ability to provide for the common defense.

The Art of Command

The Art of Command

Military Leadership from George Washington to Colin Powell

  • Author: Harry Laver
  • Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
  • ISBN: 0813173124
  • Category: History
  • Page: 294
  • View: 8762
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What essential leadership lessons do we learn by distilling the actions and ideas of great military commanders such as George Washington, Dwight D. Eisenhower, and Colin Powell? That is the fundamental question underlying The Art of Command: Military Leadership from George Washington to Colin Powell. The book illustrates that great leaders become great through conscious effort—a commitment not only to develop vital skills but also to surmount personal shortcomings. Harry S. Laver, Jeffrey J. Matthews, and the other contributing authors identify nine core characteristics of highly effective leadership, such as integrity, determination, vision, and charisma, and nine significant figures in American military history whose careers embody those qualities. The Art of Command examines each figure’s strengths and weaknesses and how those attributes affected their leadership abilities, offering a unique perspective of military leadership in American history. Laver and Matthews have assembled a list of contributors from military, academic, and professional circles, which allows the book to encompass diverse approaches to the study of leadership.

Military Effectiveness: Volume 3, The Second World War

Military Effectiveness: Volume 3, The Second World War

  • Author: Allan R. Millett,Williamson Murray
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9781139502122
  • Category: History
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3866
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This three-volume study examines the questions raised by the performance of the military institutions of France, Germany, Russia, the United States, Great Britain, Japan, and Italy in the period from 1914 to 1945. Leading military historians deal with the different national approaches to war and military power at the tactical, operational, strategic, and political levels. They form the basis for a fundamental re-examination of how military organizations have performed in the first half of the twentieth century. Volume 3 covers World War II. Volumes 1 and 2 address address World War I and the interwar period, respectively. Now in a new edition, with a new introduction by the editors, these classic volumes will remain invaluable for military historians and social scientists in their examination of national security and military issues. They will also be essential reading for future military leaders at Staff and War Colleges.

A War To Be Won

A War To Be Won

fighting the Second World War

  • Author: Williamson Murray,Allan Reed Millett
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674041301
  • Category: History
  • Page: 736
  • View: 2674
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In the course of the twentieth century, no war looms as profoundly transformative or as destructive as World War II. Its global scope and human toll reveal the true face of modern, industrialized warfare. Now, for the first time, we have a comprehensive, single-volume account of how and why this global conflict evolved as it did. "A War To Be Won" is a unique and powerful operational history of the Second World War that tells the full story of battle on land, on sea, and in the air. Williamson Murray and Allan R. Millett analyze the operations and tactics that defined the conduct of the war in both the European and Pacific Theaters. Moving between the war room and the battlefield, we see how strategies were crafted and revised, and how the multitudes of combat troops struggled to discharge their orders. The authors present incisive portraits of the military leaders, on both sides of the struggle, demonstrating the ambiguities they faced, the opportunities they took, and those they missed. Throughout, we see the relationship between the actual operations of the war and their political and moral implications. "A War To Be Won" is the culmination of decades of research by two of America's premier military historians. It avoids a celebratory view of the war but preserves a profound respect for the problems the Allies faced and overcame as well as a realistic assessment of the Axis accomplishments and failures. It is the essential military history of World War II--from the Sino-Japanese War in 1937 to the surrender of Japan in 1945--for students, scholars, and general readers alike.