Search Results for "military-intervention-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa"

Military Intervention in the Middle East and North Africa

Military Intervention in the Middle East and North Africa

The Case of NATO in Libya

  • Author: Susannah O'Sullivan
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317209672
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 188
  • View: 1874
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This book contributes to an increasingly important branch of critical security studies that combines insights from critical geopolitics and postcolonial critique by making an argument about the geographies of violence and their differential impact in contemporary security practices, including but not limited to military intervention. The book explores military intervention in Libya through the categories of space and time, to provide a robust ethico-political critique of the intervention. Much of the mainstream international relations scholarship on humanitarian intervention frames the ethical, moral and legal debate over intervention in terms of a binary, between human rights and state sovereignty. In response, O’Sullivan questions the ways in which military violence was produced as a rational and reasonable response to the crisis in Libya, outlining and destabilising this false binary between the human and the state. The book offers methodological tools for questioning the violent institutions at the heart of humanitarian intervention and asking how intervention has been produced as a rational response to crisis. Contributing to the ongoing academic conversation in the critical literature on spatiality, militarism and resistance, the book draws upon postcolonial and poststructural approaches to critical security studies, and will be of great interest to scholars and graduates of critical security studies and international relations.

Memory and Violence in the Middle East and North Africa

Memory and Violence in the Middle East and North Africa

  • Author: Ussama Samir Makdisi,Paul A. Silverstein
  • Publisher: Indiana University Press
  • ISBN: 9780253217981
  • Category: History
  • Page: 243
  • View: 2375
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"... constitutes an important and much needed intervention on the themes of memory and violence in Middle East studies." —Lisa Hajjar, University of California, Santa Barbara The Middle East and North Africa form a region united by a common history of armed conflict and repeated international efforts at producing a lasting peace. This interdisciplinary collection explores the connections between memories of past violence and the violence of present memories, the context for all contemporary efforts at conflict resolution and reconciliation. The contributors examine the 1954–1962 Franco-Algerian war, the 1975–1991 Lebanese civil war, and the ongoing Arab-Israeli conflict as interconnected struggles that outline national polities, infranational fractures, and transnational political connections. Insofar as national unity has been constructed on the contested claims of sacrifice and martyrdom, the legacy of violence has remained inscribed at the heart of political identity. The case studies point to the failure of current attempts to officially forget past conflicts, at the same time indicating local successes in commemorative actions that forge at least partial peaces between individuals and groups.

Unlocking the Employment Potential in the Middle East and North Africa

Unlocking the Employment Potential in the Middle East and North Africa

Toward a New Social Contract

  • Author: World Bank
  • Publisher: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN: 9780821356784
  • Category: Electronic books
  • Page: 188
  • View: 1240
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Human Rights in the Middle East

Human Rights in the Middle East

Frameworks, Goals, and Strategies

  • Author: M. Monshipouri
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137001984
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 9722
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The authors provide a systematic analysis of looking beyond the abuses of human rights in the Middle East with a view toward problematizing traditional doctrinal thinking and concepts in the region, ascertaining comparative and historical roots of human rights abuses in the Middle East.

Political Leaders of the Contemporary Middle East and North Africa

Political Leaders of the Contemporary Middle East and North Africa

A Biographical Dictionary

  • Author: Bernard Reich
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 9780313262135
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 557
  • View: 3725
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Political-biographical profiles of a select group of leaders who have made significant contributions to the politcal evolution and development of the Middle East and North Africa since World War II.

Obamas Kriege

Obamas Kriege

Zerreißprobe einer Präsidentschaft

  • Author: Bob Woodward
  • Publisher: DVA
  • ISBN: 3641090733
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 496
  • View: 7235
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BARACK OBAMA - Hoffnung, Aufbruch, Krisen, Alltag – Zeit für eine Zwischenbilanz Barack Obama begann seine Präsidentschaft als neuer Superstar der internationalen Politik, ersehnt von Menschen auf der ganzen Welt als Hoffnungsträger und Heilsbringer. Inzwischen ist er auf dem Boden der mühsamen Tagespolitik angekommen, bedrängt von ungelösten Konflikten in Nahost und Afghanistan und Krisen im eigenen Land. Wird er den Vorschusslorbeeren noch gerecht? Journalistenlegende Bob Woodward schafft es wie kein Zweiter in Washington, sich Zugang zu den brisanten Geheimnissen der Regierenden zu verschaffen. In seinem neuen Buch gibt er erstmals einen tiefen Einblick in die Arbeit des US-Präsidenten jenseits der offiziellen Kommunikation des Weißen Hauses. Schon bald muss sich Obama wieder dem Wahlkampf stellen, da kommt Woodwards spannend erzählte Zwischenbilanz, die vor allem auch den Außenpolitiker Obama in den Blick nimmt, zur rechten Zeit. • Das neue Buch des weltweit bekannten Bestsellerautors • Der erste Blick hinter die Kulissen der Obama-Regierung

Superpower Intervention in the Middle East (Routledge Revivals)

Superpower Intervention in the Middle East (Routledge Revivals)

  • Author: Peter Mangold
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135046824
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 209
  • View: 3104
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Strategically placed on the global chess board, as well as controlling vast oil resources, the Middle East was one of the main theatres of Cold War. In the 1950s the Soviet Union had taken advantage of Arab Nationalists’ disillusion with British and French Imperialism, along with the emerging Arab-Israeli conflict, to establish relations with Egypt, Syria and Iraq. The United States responded by moving in to shore up the Western position. Confrontation was inevitable. Superpower Intervention in the Middle East was written in 1978, when this confrontation was at its height. The book’s main theme focuses on how the superpowers became competitively involved in local Middle East conflicts over which they could exercise only limited control, and the risks of nuclear confrontation of the kind which occurred at the end of the 1973 Arab-Israeli war. The threat to Western oil supplies is also examined. This is a fascinating work, of great relevance to scholars and students of Middle Eastern history and political diplomacy, as well as those with an interest in the relationship between the Western superpowers and this volatile region.

The Politics of Miscalculation in the Middle East

The Politics of Miscalculation in the Middle East

  • Author: Richard Bordeaux Parker
  • Publisher: Indiana Series in Arab and Isl
  • ISBN: 9780253207814
  • Category: History
  • Page: 273
  • View: 3226
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Why do international crises seem to occur so often in the Middle East? Former U.S. diplomat Richard B. Parker presents three detailed studies of policy failures that he believes were precipitated by miscalculations on the part of diplomats and of government and military leaders in one or more Middle Eastern countries, the United States, and the former USSR. They are the Soviet-Egyptian miscalculation leading to the June 1967 war between Israel and the Arab states, the U.S.-Israeli miscalculation leading to Soviet military intervention in Egypt in 1970, and the U.S.-Israeli miscalculation leading to the disastrous Lebanese-Israeli peace agreement of May 17, 1983. Parker's many-sided, often gripping account of the way in which these crises unfolded illustrates how the same events can be viewed very differently by the observers and actors involved, and how political decisions can precipitate reactions that are often very different from those anticipated. Although the book highlights the unavoidably uncertain and contingent element in all diplomatic activity, it also shows that careful attention to history, to past performance, and to prevailing mindsets in the countries involved can be invaluable aids in diplomatic crisis management. The many sources assembled and the careful weighing of their accuracy and reliability, along with the combined perspective of the practitioner and the scholar, make this book an important resource for diplomats, policymakers, and students of diplomacy.

Military Responses to the Arab Uprisings and the Future of Civil-Military Relations in the Middle East

Military Responses to the Arab Uprisings and the Future of Civil-Military Relations in the Middle East

Analysis from Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, and Syria

  • Author: W. Taylor
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137410051
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 252
  • View: 458
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This book explains Arab military responses to the social uprisings which began in 2011. Through a comparative case study analysis of Egyptian, Tunisian, Libyan, and Syrian militaries, it explains why militaries fractured, supported the regime in power, or removed their presidents.

The First World War in the Middle East

The First World War in the Middle East

  • Author: Kristian Coates Ulrichsen
  • Publisher: Hurst
  • ISBN: 1849045046
  • Category: History
  • Page: 320
  • View: 3206
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The First World War in the Middle East is an accessibly written military and social history of the clash of world empires in the Dardanelles, Egypt and Palestine, Mesopotamia, Persia and the Caucasus. Coates Ulrichsen demonstrates how wartime exigencies shaped the parameters of the modern Middle East, and describes and assesses the major campaigns against the Ottoman Empire and Germany involving British and imperial troops from the French and Russian Empires, as well as their Arab and Armenian allies. Also documented are the enormous logistical demands placed on host societies by the Great Powers' conduct of industrialised warfare in hostile terrain. The resulting deepening of imperial penetration, and the extension of state controls across a heterogeneous sprawl of territories, generated a powerful backlash both during and immediately after the war, which played a pivotal role in shaping national identities as the Ottoman Empire was dismembered. This is a multidimensional account of the many seemingly discrete yet interlinked campaigns that resulted in one to one and a half million casualties. It details not just their military outcome but relates them to intelligence-gathering, industrial organisation, authoritarianism and the political economy of empires at war.

The Routledge Handbook of the Responsibility to Protect

The Routledge Handbook of the Responsibility to Protect

  • Author: W. Andy Knight
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0415600758
  • Category: History
  • Page: 293
  • View: 970
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This Handbook offers a comprehensive examination of the Responsibility to Protect norm in world politics, which aims to end mass atrocities against civilians. The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) is amongst the most significant norms in global politics. As the authoritative guide to R2P, this edited volume gathers together the most respected and insightful voices to address key issues related to this emerging norm. The contributing authors do this over the course of three parts: Part I: The Concept of R2P Part II: Developing and Operationalising R2P Part III: The view from Over Here This book will be of much interest to students of R2P, humanitarian intervention, genocide, human rights, international law, peace studies, international organisations, security studies and IR.

Die Araber

Die Araber

eine Geschichte von Unterdrückung und Aufbruch

  • Author: Eugene L. Rogan
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783549074251
  • Category: Arab countries
  • Page: 735
  • View: 1762
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Die arabische Revolution wird, wenn sie Erfolg hat, ein ähnlich epochales Ereignis sein wie die friedliche Revolution von 1989 in Osteuropa. Mehr als 200 Millionen Araber zwischen Persischem Golf und Atlantik sind dabei, das Joch jahrzehntelanger despotischer Regime abzuschütteln und Anschluss zu finden an die freiheitliche, moderne Welt des Westens. Eugene Rogan, einer der besten Kenner der arabischen Welt, bietet mit seiner großen Geschichte der Araber eine exzellente Grundlage zum Verständnis der aktuellen Ereignisse in Ägypten, Syrien, Tunesien oder Libyen. Rogans Darstellung beginnt mit der Eroberung der arabischen Welt durch das Osmanische Reich zu Beginn des 16. Jahrhunderts und führt bis zum revolutionären Aufbruch unserer Tage. Es ist eine lange Geschichte der Unterdrückung und Ausbeutung, die Rogan eindringlich zu erzählen weiß. Aber auch die reiche Kultur dieser Länder und die vielen kaum bekannten Versuche der arabischen Völker in der Vergangenheit, sich gegen ihre Unterdrücker aufzulehnen und Freiheit und Wohlstand zu erlangen, werden anhand einer Fülle faszinierender Originalquellen anschaulich dargestellt.

Global Issues

Global Issues

A Cross-Cultural Perspective

  • Author: Shirley A. Fedorak
  • Publisher: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 1442605987
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 1471
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Global Issues is a pedagogically rich text that offers a unique way of looking at contemporary issues, such as food security and global conflict, from a cross-cultural and multidisciplinary perspective. By exploring each issue in depth, students gain an applied understanding of more abstract concepts like conflict, globalization, culture, imperialism, human rights, and gender, while the cross-cultural approach encourages students to view the world from outside the Western box. Designed for introductory-level students in global and international studies, human geography, anthropology, sociology, and development studies, this highly accessible text offers instructors and students a unique way of matching the concepts they learn in the classroom with important issues in the world in which they live and work.

Islam and the West

Islam and the West

A Rational Perspective

  • Author: Mohammed Jabar
  • Publisher: Mereo Books, mereobook, mereobooks
  • ISBN: 1861513003
  • Category: History
  • Page: 200
  • View: 8822
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ÿSince its origins in the deserts of Arabia fourteen centuries ago, Islam has grown until today it has one and a half billion followers, nearly a quarter of mankind. Today Islam is feared and distrusted by much of the Western world for its association with religious extremism and terrorism, although the vast majority of Muslims believe only in peace, love and service to Allah and assert that extremism has no place in their faith.

The Modern Middle East

The Modern Middle East

A Reader

  • Author: Albert Hourani,Philip Shukry Khoury,Mary Christina Wilson
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 9780520082410
  • Category: History
  • Page: 691
  • View: 2763
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Introduction - Albert Hourani. Part 1: Reforming elites and changing relations with Europe 1789-1918; Introduction , the Ottoman Umela and Westernisation in the time of Selim III and Mahmud II , Turkish Attitudes concerning Christian-Muslim equality in the 19th century, Ottoman reform and the politics of Notables, Egypt and Europe - from French expedition to British occupation, war and society under the young Turks, social change in Persia in the 19th century. Part 2: Transformations in society and the economy; introduction, Middle East economic development 1815-1914 - the general and the specific, the origins of private ownership of land in Egypt - a reapraisal, decline of the family economy in mid 19th century Egypt, Ottoman women, households and textile manufacturing 1800-1914, Said Bey - the everyday life of an Istanbul townsman at the beginning of th 20th century, the crowd in the Persian Revolution, Cairo. Part 3: The construction of Nationalist ideologies and politics to the 1950s; introduction, religion and secularism in Turkey, from Ottomanism to Arabism - the origin of an ideology, 1919 labour upsurge and national revolution, Syrian urban politics in transition - the quarters of Damascus during the French mandate, the role of the Palestinian peasantry in the Great Revolt, of the diversity of Iraquis and their society. Part 4: The Middle East since the Second World War; introduction, consequences of the Suez Crisis in the Arab world, Arab military in politics - from the revolutionary plot to authoritarian state, political power and the Saudi state, Iranian revolutions in comparative perspective, the religious right, dilemas of the Jewish state, hazards of modernity and morality - women state and ideology in contemporary Iran.

Das Jahr der gefährlichen Träume

Das Jahr der gefährlichen Träume

  • Author: Slavoj Žižek
  • Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
  • ISBN: 3104025657
  • Category: Literary Collections
  • Page: 224
  • View: 4446
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Über den Arabischen Frühling, Occupy Wall Street – und den Massenmord von Breivik 2011 – das Jahr des Arabischen Frühlings, der Occupy Wall Street-Bewegung, der Revolte in den Vorstädten Londons. 2011 – das Jahr von Breiviks ideologischer Wahnsinnstat, des aufkommenden Antisemitismus in Ungarn, des zunehmenden Rassismus. Gefährliche Träume in zweierlei Richtung stehen dahinter: emanzipatorische und destruktive. Was bedeuten diese Ereignisse im Kontext des globalen Kapitalismus? Mit Dialektik, analytischer Schärfe und gewohnt pointensicher legt Slavoj Žižek die Widersprüche der gegenwärtigen politischen Lage frei und fragt, wie wir das System bekämpfen können, ohne zu seinem Funktionieren beizutragen. »Theorie muss auch immer sexy sein, sie muss unterhalten, provozieren, bruchstückhaft und leicht zitierbar sein, physisch spürbar wie Rockmusik. All das liefert Žižek.« Der Spiegel

Sovereignty After Empire

Sovereignty After Empire

  • Author: Sally N Cummings
  • Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
  • ISBN: 0748675396
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 408
  • View: 9113
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This is a unique, systematic comparison of empires and of their consequences for sovereignty in the Middle East and Central Asia. It brings theory on empire and sovereignty to bear on empirical variation across the two regions.

Military Intervention in the 1990s

Military Intervention in the 1990s

  • Author: Colonel Richard M Connaughton,Richard Connaughton
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134895690
  • Category: History
  • Page: 216
  • View: 3765
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First published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Oil, Israel and Modernity

Oil, Israel and Modernity

The West's cultural and military interventions in the Middle-EastVestens kulturelle og militære interventioner i Mellemøsten

  • Author: Steffen Hahnemann
  • Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
  • ISBN: 8771454462
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 240
  • View: 3269
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The bloody confrontations over the last decades between the West and countries in the Middle-East (including Libya) ought very highly to be seen in the light of the historic relation between these two regions. As it has developed especially from the time up to and during the First World War. British and French strategic, imperialist and economic interests were playing a more and more prominent role up to that war. The book goes through the most decisive happenings around the break-down of the Ottoman empire and the disposition over its left-behind by the European Great Powers. From the beginning of the 20th century the discovery of vast deposits of oil influenced the West's (now gradually including the United States) interest in the Middle-East. Provoking several conflicts up to now. The book intends to treat the most decisive events. The establishment in 1917 of a "national home" for the Jews in Palestine meant a further strengthening of the clash of interests toward the Muslim countries. Especially the strong commitment of the United States to Israel has led to tensions between the West and the neighbouring Arabian countries. Without delving into the most decesive years of 1948 and 1967 the book analysis, besides the development around the Balfour-Declaration, other less debated events of importance to the relations. Finally, the cultural confrontation, strengthened by the rise of the Western involvement in the region, provoked strong tensions between the two cultures, a situation that had its roots back in the American Protestant activities from the most part of the 19th century and onwards. Acivities that the book tries to expose.

Political Order in Changing Societies

Political Order in Changing Societies

  • Author: Samuel P. Huntington
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 9780300116205
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 488
  • View: 4474
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This now classic examination of the development of viable political institutions in emerging nations is an enduring contribution to modern political analysis. The foreword by Fukuyama assesses Huntingdon's achievement.