Search Results for "military-intervention-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa"

Military Intervention in the Middle East and North Africa

Military Intervention in the Middle East and North Africa

The Case of NATO in Libya

  • Author: Susannah O'Sullivan
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317209672
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 188
  • View: 497
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This book contributes to an increasingly important branch of critical security studies that combines insights from critical geopolitics and postcolonial critique by making an argument about the geographies of violence and their differential impact in contemporary security practices, including but not limited to military intervention. The book explores military intervention in Libya through the categories of space and time, to provide a robust ethico-political critique of the intervention. Much of the mainstream international relations scholarship on humanitarian intervention frames the ethical, moral and legal debate over intervention in terms of a binary, between human rights and state sovereignty. In response, O’Sullivan questions the ways in which military violence was produced as a rational and reasonable response to the crisis in Libya, outlining and destabilising this false binary between the human and the state. The book offers methodological tools for questioning the violent institutions at the heart of humanitarian intervention and asking how intervention has been produced as a rational response to crisis. Contributing to the ongoing academic conversation in the critical literature on spatiality, militarism and resistance, the book draws upon postcolonial and poststructural approaches to critical security studies, and will be of great interest to scholars and graduates of critical security studies and international relations.

Memory and Violence in the Middle East and North Africa

Memory and Violence in the Middle East and North Africa

  • Author: Ussama Samir Makdisi,Paul A. Silverstein
  • Publisher: Indiana University Press
  • ISBN: 9780253217981
  • Category: History
  • Page: 243
  • View: 4638
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"... constitutes an important and much needed intervention on the themes of memory and violence in Middle East studies." —Lisa Hajjar, University of California, Santa Barbara The Middle East and North Africa form a region united by a common history of armed conflict and repeated international efforts at producing a lasting peace. This interdisciplinary collection explores the connections between memories of past violence and the violence of present memories, the context for all contemporary efforts at conflict resolution and reconciliation. The contributors examine the 1954–1962 Franco-Algerian war, the 1975–1991 Lebanese civil war, and the ongoing Arab-Israeli conflict as interconnected struggles that outline national polities, infranational fractures, and transnational political connections. Insofar as national unity has been constructed on the contested claims of sacrifice and martyrdom, the legacy of violence has remained inscribed at the heart of political identity. The case studies point to the failure of current attempts to officially forget past conflicts, at the same time indicating local successes in commemorative actions that forge at least partial peaces between individuals and groups.

An Economic History of the Middle East and North Africa

An Economic History of the Middle East and North Africa

  • Author: Charles Issawi
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134560583
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 328
  • View: 9668
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The economic history of the Middle East and North Africa is quite extraordinary. This is an axiomatic statement, but the very nature of the economic changes that have stemmed directly from the effects of oil resources in these areas has tended to obscure longterm patterns of economic change and the fundamental transformation of Middle Eastern and North African economies and societies over the past two hundred years. In this study Professor Issawi examines and explains the development of these economies since 1800, focusing particularly on the challenge posed by the use and subsequent decline of Western economic and political domination and the Middle Eastern response to it. The book beg ins with an analysis of the effects of foreign intervention in the area: the expansion of trade, the development of transport networks, the influx of foreign capital and resulting integration into international commercial and financial networks. It goes on to examine the local response to these external forces: migration within, to and from the region, population growth, urbanization and changes in living standards, shifts in agricultural production and land tenure and the development of an industrial sector. Professor Issawi discusses the crucial effects of the growth of oil and oil-related industries in a separate chapter, and finally assesses the likely gains and losses in this long period for both the countries in the area and the Western powers. He has drawn on long experience and an immense amount of material in surveying the period, and provides a clear and penetrating survey of an extraordinarily complex area.

Unlocking the Employment Potential in the Middle East and North Africa

Unlocking the Employment Potential in the Middle East and North Africa

Toward a New Social Contract

  • Author: World Bank
  • Publisher: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN: 9780821356784
  • Category: Electronic books
  • Page: 188
  • View: 5342
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Human Rights in the Middle East

Human Rights in the Middle East

Frameworks, Goals, and Strategies

  • Author: M. Monshipouri
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137001984
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 514
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The authors provide a systematic analysis of looking beyond the abuses of human rights in the Middle East with a view toward problematizing traditional doctrinal thinking and concepts in the region, ascertaining comparative and historical roots of human rights abuses in the Middle East.

Das Jahr der gefährlichen Träume

Das Jahr der gefährlichen Träume

  • Author: Slavoj Žižek
  • Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
  • ISBN: 3104025657
  • Category: Literary Collections
  • Page: 224
  • View: 9041
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Über den Arabischen Frühling, Occupy Wall Street – und den Massenmord von Breivik 2011 – das Jahr des Arabischen Frühlings, der Occupy Wall Street-Bewegung, der Revolte in den Vorstädten Londons. 2011 – das Jahr von Breiviks ideologischer Wahnsinnstat, des aufkommenden Antisemitismus in Ungarn, des zunehmenden Rassismus. Gefährliche Träume in zweierlei Richtung stehen dahinter: emanzipatorische und destruktive. Was bedeuten diese Ereignisse im Kontext des globalen Kapitalismus? Mit Dialektik, analytischer Schärfe und gewohnt pointensicher legt Slavoj Žižek die Widersprüche der gegenwärtigen politischen Lage frei und fragt, wie wir das System bekämpfen können, ohne zu seinem Funktionieren beizutragen. »Theorie muss auch immer sexy sein, sie muss unterhalten, provozieren, bruchstückhaft und leicht zitierbar sein, physisch spürbar wie Rockmusik. All das liefert Žižek.« Der Spiegel

Der Untergang des Morgenlandes

Der Untergang des Morgenlandes

Warum die islamische Welt ihre Vormacht verlor

  • Author: Bernard Lewis
  • Publisher: BASTEI LÜBBE
  • ISBN: 3838757920
  • Category: History
  • Page: 254
  • View: 9197
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Die Probleme der islamischen Welt sind unübersehbar, ebenso deren Folgen für den Westen. Mit dieser provokanten Feststellung analysiert Beranard Lewis die historische Entwicklung des Orients - insbesondere des Osmanischen Reiches und seine Nachfolgestaaten: Die einstige Drehscheibe der Kultur, des Fortschritts und der Kunst verlor im Laufe der Geschichte ihre zivilisatorische Vormachtrolle gegenüber dem Westen und geriet in einen konfliktträchtigen Dualismus zwischen Tradition und Moderne. Das E-Book wendet sich an Leser und Leserinnen, die sich für Lösungsansätze der Krise zwischen der islamischen und der westlichen Welt interessieren: Themenfelder wie Wohlstand und Macht, soziale und kulturelle Schranken, Modernisierung und soziale Gleichheit, Säkularismus und Zivilgesellschaft. Zeit, Raum und Modernität sind die Leitfäden der Darstellung. Die Originalausgabe des Bandes aus der Feder des Princeton-Emeritus Lewis erschien unter dem Titel "What went wrong?".

Political Leaders of the Contemporary Middle East and North Africa

Political Leaders of the Contemporary Middle East and North Africa

A Biographical Dictionary

  • Author: Bernard Reich
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 9780313262135
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 557
  • View: 4714
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Political-biographical profiles of a select group of leaders who have made significant contributions to the politcal evolution and development of the Middle East and North Africa since World War II.

Revolution 2.0

Revolution 2.0

Wie wir mit der ägyptischen Revolution die Welt verändern

  • Author: Wael Ghonim
  • Publisher: Ullstein eBooks
  • ISBN: 3843701830
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 384
  • View: 6532
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Mit verbundenen Augen saß Wael Ghonim, Marketingchef von Google, 12 Tage im Gefängnis der ägyptischen Staatspolizei. Kaum war er wieder frei, wurden ihm vor laufender Kamera Bilder von getöteten Demonstranten gezeigt. Er brach in Tränen aus. Der Widerstand hatte ein neues Gesicht. Zum ersten Mal erzählt Ghonim von seinem Kampf gegen die ägyptische Regierung nach der Ermordung des Bloggers Khaled Said. Während der Protestbewegung gegen Präsident Mubarak gründete er die Facebook-Gruppe »We are all Khaled Said«, wo er zu Demonstrationen gegen das Regime aufrief. Zwei Wochen später trat Mubarak zurück. Wael Ghonim erklärt, warum eine Revolution in Ägypten unausweichlich war und was man daraus lernen kann: Er liefert die Blaupause dafür, wie wir Dinge verändern können – bis zur Revolution 2.0.

Guardians of the Arab State

Guardians of the Arab State

When Militaries Intervene in Politics, from Iraq to Mauritania

  • Author: Florence Gaub
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9781849046480
  • Category:
  • Page: 256
  • View: 6505
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Guardians of the Arab state' explains clearly and concisely how and why military organisations become involved in politics across the Middle East and North Africa, identifying four key factors: a high degree of organisational capacity, clear institutional interest, a forgiving population and weak civilian control. Looking at numerous case studies ranging from Mauritania to Iraq, the book finds that these factors are common to all Arab countries to have experienced coups in the last century. It also finds that the opposite is true in cases like Jordan, where strong civilian control and the absence of capacity, interest, or a positive public image made coup attempts futile. Gaub also convincingly argues that the reasons are structural rather than cultural, thereby proving a counter-narrative to conventional explanations which look at Arab coups along religious or historical lines. In essence, the questions addressed herein lead back to issues of weak statehood, legitimacy, and resource constraints -- all problems the Arab world has struggled with since independence.0'Guardians of the Arab state' picks up where previous literature on Middle Eastern military forces dropped the debate, and provides an updated and insightful.

Superpower Intervention in the Middle East (Routledge Revivals)

Superpower Intervention in the Middle East (Routledge Revivals)

  • Author: Peter Mangold
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135046824
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 209
  • View: 8456
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Strategically placed on the global chess board, as well as controlling vast oil resources, the Middle East was one of the main theatres of Cold War. In the 1950s the Soviet Union had taken advantage of Arab Nationalists’ disillusion with British and French Imperialism, along with the emerging Arab-Israeli conflict, to establish relations with Egypt, Syria and Iraq. The United States responded by moving in to shore up the Western position. Confrontation was inevitable. Superpower Intervention in the Middle East was written in 1978, when this confrontation was at its height. The book’s main theme focuses on how the superpowers became competitively involved in local Middle East conflicts over which they could exercise only limited control, and the risks of nuclear confrontation of the kind which occurred at the end of the 1973 Arab-Israeli war. The threat to Western oil supplies is also examined. This is a fascinating work, of great relevance to scholars and students of Middle Eastern history and political diplomacy, as well as those with an interest in the relationship between the Western superpowers and this volatile region.

Der deutsche Krieg

Der deutsche Krieg

1939 - 1945

  • Author: Nicholas Stargardt
  • Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
  • ISBN: 3104035032
  • Category: History
  • Page: 848
  • View: 8011
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Einzigartig und fesselnd erzählt der renommierte Oxford-Historiker Nicholas Stargardt in ›Der Deutsche Krieg‹ aus der Nahsicht, wie die Deutschen – Soldaten, Lehrer, Krankenschwestern, Nationalsozialisten, Christen und Juden – den Zweiten Weltkrieg durchlebten. Tag für Tag erleben wir mit, worauf sie hofften, was sie schockierte, worüber sie schwiegen und wie sich ihre Sicht auf den Krieg allmählich wandelte. Gestützt auf zahllose Tagebücher und Briefe, unter anderem von Heinrich Böll und Victor Klemperer, Wilm Hosenfeld und Konrad Jarausch, gelingt Nicholas Stargardt ein Blick in die Köpfe der Menschen, der deutlich macht, warum so viele Deutsche noch an die nationale Sache glaubten, als der Krieg längst verloren war und die Gewissheit wuchs, an einem Völkermord teilzuhaben. Ein verstörendes Kaleidoskop der Jahre 1939 bis 1945 im nationalsozialistischen Deutschland. »Ein Meisterwerk der Geschichtsschreibung, das die ›Vogelperspektive‹ nahtlos mit einer Mikrogeschichte dieser verhängnisvollen Periode des 20. Jahrhunderts verbindet.« Jan T. Gross »Erstmals wird die Chronologie der Stimmung, der Hoffnungen und Befürchtungen (...) der deutschen Bevölkerung während des Krieges wirklich sichtbar. Eine eindrucksvolle, fesselnde Darstellung.« Mark Roseman »Hervorragend geschrieben und in seiner Argumentation überzeugend, ist dieses Buch ein Muss.« Saul Friedländer

Military Responses to the Arab Uprisings and the Future of Civil-Military Relations in the Middle East

Military Responses to the Arab Uprisings and the Future of Civil-Military Relations in the Middle East

Analysis from Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, and Syria

  • Author: W. Taylor
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137410051
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 252
  • View: 1181
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This book explains Arab military responses to the social uprisings which began in 2011. Through a comparative case study analysis of Egyptian, Tunisian, Libyan, and Syrian militaries, it explains why militaries fractured, supported the regime in power, or removed their presidents.

The First World War in the Middle East

The First World War in the Middle East

  • Author: Kristian Coates Ulrichsen
  • Publisher: Hurst
  • ISBN: 1849045046
  • Category: History
  • Page: 320
  • View: 4301
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The First World War in the Middle East is an accessibly written military and social history of the clash of world empires in the Dardanelles, Egypt and Palestine, Mesopotamia, Persia and the Caucasus. Coates Ulrichsen demonstrates how wartime exigencies shaped the parameters of the modern Middle East, and describes and assesses the major campaigns against the Ottoman Empire and Germany involving British and imperial troops from the French and Russian Empires, as well as their Arab and Armenian allies. Also documented are the enormous logistical demands placed on host societies by the Great Powers' conduct of industrialised warfare in hostile terrain. The resulting deepening of imperial penetration, and the extension of state controls across a heterogeneous sprawl of territories, generated a powerful backlash both during and immediately after the war, which played a pivotal role in shaping national identities as the Ottoman Empire was dismembered. This is a multidimensional account of the many seemingly discrete yet interlinked campaigns that resulted in one to one and a half million casualties. It details not just their military outcome but relates them to intelligence-gathering, industrial organisation, authoritarianism and the political economy of empires at war.

Qaddafi's Libya in World Politics

Qaddafi's Libya in World Politics

  • Author: Yehudit Ronen
  • Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 243
  • View: 7949
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Libya?s enigmatic Muammar Qaddafi has demonstrated a perhaps unprecedented capacity for reinvention and survival, particularly in the realm of foreign policy. Yehudit Ronen traces Libya?s sometimes tortuous trajectory in international affairs across the four decades of Qaddafi?s leadership.Ronen addresses a range of critical issues: oil politics, foreign military adventurism, WMDs, international terrorism, the confrontation between Islam and the West, and the constraints of US policy in the Middle East. She also sheds abundant light on the many ways that domestic politics have affected Libya?s international role. From internal leadership rivalries to international strategic quandaries, she navigates the major course corrections that have reoriented the country?s focus from the Arab Middle East and the Soviet Union to the African continent and the West.

The Routledge Handbook of the Responsibility to Protect

The Routledge Handbook of the Responsibility to Protect

  • Author: W. Andy Knight
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0415600758
  • Category: History
  • Page: 293
  • View: 4279
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This Handbook offers a comprehensive examination of the Responsibility to Protect norm in world politics, which aims to end mass atrocities against civilians. The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) is amongst the most significant norms in global politics. As the authoritative guide to R2P, this edited volume gathers together the most respected and insightful voices to address key issues related to this emerging norm. The contributing authors do this over the course of three parts: Part I: The Concept of R2P Part II: Developing and Operationalising R2P Part III: The view from Over Here This book will be of much interest to students of R2P, humanitarian intervention, genocide, human rights, international law, peace studies, international organisations, security studies and IR.

Global Issues

Global Issues

A Cross-Cultural Perspective

  • Author: Shirley A. Fedorak
  • Publisher: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 1442605987
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 9580
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Global Issues is a pedagogically rich text that offers a unique way of looking at contemporary issues, such as food security and global conflict, from a cross-cultural and multidisciplinary perspective. By exploring each issue in depth, students gain an applied understanding of more abstract concepts like conflict, globalization, culture, imperialism, human rights, and gender, while the cross-cultural approach encourages students to view the world from outside the Western box. Designed for introductory-level students in global and international studies, human geography, anthropology, sociology, and development studies, this highly accessible text offers instructors and students a unique way of matching the concepts they learn in the classroom with important issues in the world in which they live and work.

Islam and the West

Islam and the West

A Rational Perspective

  • Author: Mohammed Jabar
  • Publisher: Mereo Books, mereobook, mereobooks
  • ISBN: 1861513003
  • Category: History
  • Page: 200
  • View: 8657
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ÿSince its origins in the deserts of Arabia fourteen centuries ago, Islam has grown until today it has one and a half billion followers, nearly a quarter of mankind. Today Islam is feared and distrusted by much of the Western world for its association with religious extremism and terrorism, although the vast majority of Muslims believe only in peace, love and service to Allah and assert that extremism has no place in their faith.

The Modern Middle East

The Modern Middle East

A Reader

  • Author: Albert Hourani,Philip Shukry Khoury,Mary Christina Wilson
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 9780520082410
  • Category: History
  • Page: 691
  • View: 9050
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Introduction - Albert Hourani. Part 1: Reforming elites and changing relations with Europe 1789-1918; Introduction , the Ottoman Umela and Westernisation in the time of Selim III and Mahmud II , Turkish Attitudes concerning Christian-Muslim equality in the 19th century, Ottoman reform and the politics of Notables, Egypt and Europe - from French expedition to British occupation, war and society under the young Turks, social change in Persia in the 19th century. Part 2: Transformations in society and the economy; introduction, Middle East economic development 1815-1914 - the general and the specific, the origins of private ownership of land in Egypt - a reapraisal, decline of the family economy in mid 19th century Egypt, Ottoman women, households and textile manufacturing 1800-1914, Said Bey - the everyday life of an Istanbul townsman at the beginning of th 20th century, the crowd in the Persian Revolution, Cairo. Part 3: The construction of Nationalist ideologies and politics to the 1950s; introduction, religion and secularism in Turkey, from Ottomanism to Arabism - the origin of an ideology, 1919 labour upsurge and national revolution, Syrian urban politics in transition - the quarters of Damascus during the French mandate, the role of the Palestinian peasantry in the Great Revolt, of the diversity of Iraquis and their society. Part 4: The Middle East since the Second World War; introduction, consequences of the Suez Crisis in the Arab world, Arab military in politics - from the revolutionary plot to authoritarian state, political power and the Saudi state, Iranian revolutions in comparative perspective, the religious right, dilemas of the Jewish state, hazards of modernity and morality - women state and ideology in contemporary Iran.