Search Results for "modern-crystallography-iv-physical-properties-of-crystals-springer-series-in-solid-state-sciences"

Modern Crystallography IV

Modern Crystallography IV

Physical Properties of Crystals

  • Author: L.A. Shuvalov
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642818382
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 583
  • View: 4356
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Modern Crystallography IV is devoted to a systematic and up- to-date description of fundamental physical properties of solid and liquid crystals. These include elastic and mechanical, dielectric and ferroelectric, magnetic and optical properties, transport phenomena and spectroscopy. An important feature of the treatment is its use of the crystallographic approach, an introduction to which is given in the opening chapter of the book. The topics are treated at a level understandable to students who have two years of university physics. Researchers and engineers working on practical applications should also find the book useful, as should specialists in other fields who wish to broaden their knowledge of crystallography and materials science. The book is written by a group of leading scientists from the Institute of Crystallography of the USSR Academy of Sciences.

Modern crystallography IV

Modern crystallography IV

physical properties of crystals

  • Author: Boris Konstantinovich Vaĭnshteĭn
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 9783540115175
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 583
  • View: 5174
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Modern crystallography IV

Modern crystallography IV

physical properties of crystals

  • Author: Lev Aleksandrovich Shuvalov
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783540115175
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 583
  • View: 2369
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Physical Properties of Quasicrystals

Physical Properties of Quasicrystals

  • Author: Zbigniew M. Stadnik
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642584349
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 443
  • View: 8526
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Quasicrystals are a new form of the solid state which differ from the other two known forms, crystalline and amorphous, by possesing a new type of long-range translational order, called quasiperiodicty, and a noncrystallographic orientational order. This book provides an up-to-date description of the unusual physical properties of these new materials. Emphasis is placed on the experimental results, which are compared with those of the corresponding crystalline and amorphous systems and discussed in terms of modern theoretical models. Written by leading authorities in the field, the book will be of great use both to experienced workers in the field and to uninitiated graduate students.

Electronic Properties of Polymers

Electronic Properties of Polymers

Orientation and Dimensionality of Conjugated Systems Proceedings of the International Winter School, Kirchberg, (Tyrol) Austria, March 9–16, 1991

  • Author: Hans Kuzmany,Michael Mehring,Siegmar Roth
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642847056
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 498
  • View: 8003
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The International Winter School on Electronic Properties of Polymers Orien tation and Dimensionality of Conjugated Systems, held March 9-16, 1991, in Kirchberg, ('lYrol) Austria, was a sequel to three meetings on similar subjects held there. The 1991 winter school was again organized in cooperation with the "Bundesministerium fUr Wissenschaft und Forschung" in Austria, and with the "Bundesministerium fUr Forschung und Technologie" in the Federal Republic of Germany. The basic idea of the meeting was to provide an opportunity for experienced scientists from universities and industry to discuss their most re cent results and for students and young scientists to become familiar with the present status of research and applications in the field. Like the previous winter schools on polymers, this one concentrated on the electronic structure and potential~ for application of polymers with conjugated double bonds. This time, however, special attention was paid to the effects of orientation and dimensionality. Anisotropy of the electric conductivity in stretch-oriented samples and whether the transport mechanisms are one-, two-, or three-dimensional or might even have a "fractal dimensionality" were there fore central topics. The problem of orientation was extended to systems such as Langmuir-Blodgett films and other layered structures. Accordingly, thin films were the focus of most of the application oriented contributions. Whereas in the previous winter schools discussions on applications dealt with "large volume applications" such as electromagnetic shielding and energy storage, this time "molecular materials for electronics" and prospects of "molecular electronics" were at the center of interest.

Structural Analysis of Point Defects in Solids

Structural Analysis of Point Defects in Solids

An Introduction to Multiple Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

  • Author: Johann-Martin Spaeth,Jürgen R. Niklas,Ralph H. Bartram
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642844057
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 367
  • View: 4634
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Strutural Analysis of Point Defects in Solids introduces the principles and techniques of modern electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy essentialfor applications to the determination of microscopic defect structures. Investigations of the microscopic and electronic structure, and also correlations with the magnetic propertiesof solids, require various multiple magnetic resonance methods, such as ENDOR and optically detected EPR or ENDOR. This book discusses experimental, technological and theoretical aspects of these techniques comprehensively, from a practical viewpoint, with many illustrative examples taken from semiconductors and other solids. The nonspecialist is informed about the potential of the different methods, while the researcher faced with the task of determining defect structures isprovided with the necessary tools, together with much information on computer-aided methods of data analysis and the principles of modern spectrometer design.

Electronic Properties of Fullerenes

Electronic Properties of Fullerenes

Proceedings of the International Winterschool on Electronic Properties of Novel Materials, Kirchberg, Tirol, March 6–13, 1993

  • Author: Hans Kuzmany,Jörg Fink,Michael Mehring,Siegmar Roth
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642850499
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 436
  • View: 9548
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Electronic Properties of Fullerenes and other Novel Materials gives an overview of the state-of-the-art research. It presents most recent results on preparation, experimental analysis by electron spectroscopy, infrared and Raman spectroscopy, luminescence, and nonlinear optical, as well as possible technological applications. Emphasis is also placed on the superconducting properties of Fullerenes. The introductory and advanced contributions provide a good survey of the current status of this rapidly developing field.

Modern crystallography

Modern crystallography

  • Author: Boris Konstantinovich Vaĭnshteĭn
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 433
  • View: 7461
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Acta physica Polonica

Acta physica Polonica

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Physics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4043
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Group Theory and Its Applications in Physics

Group Theory and Its Applications in Physics

  • Author: Teturo Inui,Yukito Tanabe,Yositaka Onodera
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642800211
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 397
  • View: 516
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This book has been written to introduce readers to group theory and its ap plications in atomic physics, molecular physics, and solid-state physics. The first Japanese edition was published in 1976. The present English edi tion has been translated by the authors from the revised and enlarged edition of 1980. In translation, slight modifications have been made in. Chaps. 8 and 14 to update and condense the contents, together with some minor additions and improvements throughout the volume. The authors cordially thank Professor J. L. Birman and Professor M. Car dona, who encouraged them to prepare the English translation. Tokyo, January 1990 T. Inui . Y. Tanabe Y. Onodera Preface to the Japanese Edition As the title shows, this book has been prepared as a textbook to introduce readers to the applications of group theory in several fields of physics. Group theory is, in a nutshell, the mathematics of symmetry. It has three main areas of application in modern physics. The first originates from early studies of crystal morphology and constitutes a framework for classical crystal physics. The analysis of the symmetry of tensors representing macroscopic physical properties (such as elastic constants) belongs to this category. The sec ond area was enunciated by E. Wigner (1926) as a powerful means of handling quantum-mechanical problems and was first applied in this sense to the analysis of atomic spectra. Soon, H.

Electronic States in Crystals of Finite Size

Electronic States in Crystals of Finite Size

Quantum confinement of Bloch waves

  • Author: SHANGYUAN REN
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 0387263047
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 206
  • View: 1252
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The theory of electronic states in crystals is the very basis of modern solid state physics. In traditional solid state physics – based on the Bloch theorem – the theory of electronic states in crystals is essentially a theory of electronic states in crystals of in?nite size. However, that any real crystal always has a ?nite size is a physical reality one has to face. The di?erence between the electronic structure of a real crystal of ?nite size and the electronic structure obtained based on the Bloch theorem becomes more signi?cant as the crystal size decreases. A clear understanding of the properties of electronic states in real crystals of ?nite size has both theoretical and practical signi?cance. Many years ago when the author was a student learning solid state physics at Peking University, he was bothered by a feeling that the general use of the periodic boundary conditions seemed unconvincing. At least the e?ects of such a signi?cant simpli?cation should be clearly understood. Afterward, he learned that many of his school mates had the same feeling. Among many solid state physics books, the author found that only in the classic book Dynamic Theory of Crystal Lattices by Born and Huang was there a more detailed discussion on the e?ects of such a simpli?cation in an Appendix.

Atomistic Properties of Solids

Atomistic Properties of Solids

  • Author: Dinker Sirdeshmukh,Lalitha Sirdeshmukh,K. G. Subhadra
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642199712
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 618
  • View: 9218
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The book deals with atomistic properties of solids which are determined by the crystal structure, interatomic forces and atomic displacements influenced by the effects of temperature, stress and electric fields. The book gives equal importance to experimental details and theory. There are full chapters dedicated to the tensor nature of physical properties, mechanical properties, lattice vibrations, crystal structure determination and ferroelectricity. The other crystalline states like nano-, poly-, liquid- and quasi crystals are discussed. Several new topics like nonlinear optics and the Rietveld method are presented in the book. The book lays emphasis on the role of symmetry in crystal properties. Comprehensiveness is the strength of the book; this allows users at different levels a choice of chapters according to their requirements.

Optical Properties of Photonic Crystals

Optical Properties of Photonic Crystals

  • Author: Kazuaki Sakoda
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3540269657
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 258
  • View: 8465
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The first comprehensive textbook on the optical properties of photonic crystals. It deals not only with the properties of the radiation modes inside the crystals but also with their peculiar optical response to external fields. Has consistently been a good seller (sometimes best-seller) at Optical Society of America meetings. Important recent developments such as the enhancement of stimulated emission, second harmonic generation, quadrature-phase squeezing, and low-threshold lasing are also treated in detail and made understandable. Numerical methods are also emphasized. Provides both an introduction for graduate and undergraduate students and also key information for researchers in this field. The second edition features a new chapter on superfluorescence and updated text and references throughout.

Engineering Crystallography: From Molecule to Crystal to Functional Form

Engineering Crystallography: From Molecule to Crystal to Functional Form

  • Author: Kevin J. Roberts,Robert Docherty,Rui Tamura
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 9402411178
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 478
  • View: 305
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This book highlights the current state-of-the-art regarding the application of applied crystallographic methodologies for understanding, predicting and controlling the transformation from the molecular to crystalline state with the latter exhibiting pre-defined properties. This philosophy is built around the fundamental principles underpinning the three inter-connected themes of Form (what), Formation (how) and Function (why). Topics covered include: molecular and crystal structure, chirality and ferromagnetism, supramolecular assembly, defects and reactivity, morphology and surface energetics. Approaches for preparing crystals and nano-crystals with novel physical, chemical and mechanical properties include: crystallisation, seeding, phase diagrams, polymorphic control, chiral separation, ultrasonic techniques and mechano-chemistry. The vision is realised through examination of a range of advanced analytical characterisation techniques including in-situ studies. The work is underpinned through an unprecedented structural perspective of molecular features, solid-state packing arrangements and surface energetics as well as in-situ studies. This work will be of interest to researchers, industrialists, intellectual property specialists and policy makers interested in the latest developments in the design and supply of advanced high added-value organic solid-form materials and product composites.

Point-Contact Spectroscopy

Point-Contact Spectroscopy

  • Author: Yu.G. Naidyuk,I.K. Yanson
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9780387212357
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 297
  • View: 1986
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Various experimental techniques for point contact production are described. Examples of point-contact spectra are presented for pure metals, alloys and compounds, as well as for semimetals and semiconductors, heavy fermion systems, Kond-lattices, mixed valence compounds and more. Superconducting point contacts are considered in respect to Andreev reflection and Josephson effects. Special attention is paid to contact conductance fluctuation, and new trends of research are outlined.

Modern Crystallography

Modern Crystallography

Crystal growth

  • Author: A a Chernov
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783540115168
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 517
  • View: 2220
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Introduction to Frustrated Magnetism

Introduction to Frustrated Magnetism

Materials, Experiments, Theory

  • Author: Claudine Lacroix,Philippe Mendels,Frédéric Mila
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783642105890
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 682
  • View: 2768
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The field of highly frustrated magnetism has developed considerably and expanded over the last 15 years. Issuing from canonical geometric frustration of interactions, it now extends over other aspects with many degrees of freedom such as magneto-elastic couplings, orbital degrees of freedom, dilution effects, and electron doping. Its is thus shown here that the concept of frustration impacts on many other fields in physics than magnetism. This book represents a state-of-the-art review aimed at a broad audience with tutorial chapters and more topical ones, encompassing solid-state chemistry, experimental and theoretical physics.