Search Results for "molecular-gastronomy-exploring-the-science-of-flavor-arts-and-traditions-of-the-table-perspectives-on-culinary-history"

Molecular Gastronomy

Molecular Gastronomy

Exploring the Science of Flavor

  • Author: Hervé This
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 9780231133128
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 377
  • View: 7135
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Bringing the instruments and experimental techniques of the laboratory into the kitchen, Herve This uses recent research in the chemistry, physics, and biology of food to challenge traditional ideas about cooking and eating. What he discovers will entertain, instruct, and intrigue cooks, gourmets, and scientists alike. Molecular Gastronomy, This's first work to appear in English, is filled with practical tips, provocative suggestions, and penetrating insights. This begins by reexamining and debunking a variety of time-honored rules and dictums about cooking and presents new and improved ways of preparing a variety of dishes from quiches and quenelles to steak and hard-boiled eggs. He goes on to discuss the physiology of flavor and explores how the brain perceives tastes, how chewing affects food, and how the tongue reacts to various stimuli. Examining the molecular properties of bread, ham, foie gras, and champagne, the book analyzes what happens as they are baked, cured, cooked, and chilled.

Building a Meal

Building a Meal

From Molecular Gastronomy to Culinary Constructivism

  • Author: Hervé This
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 9780231144667
  • Category: Cooking
  • Page: 135
  • View: 7819
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Considering six bistro favorites, Hervâe This isolates the exact chemical properties that tickle our senses and stimulate our appetites. More important, he identifies methods of culinary construction that appeal to our memories, intelligence, and creativity.

Kitchen Mysteries

Kitchen Mysteries

Revealing the Science of Cooking

  • Author: Hervé This,Jody Gladding
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231141718
  • Category: Cooking
  • Page: 220
  • View: 6735
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Looks at the science behind everyday cooking with information on molecular gastronomy, the physiology of taste, basic components of meals, the use of tenderizing enzymes and gelatins, and covers the effects of boiling, steaming, braising, roasting, grilling, and microwaving.

The Science of the Oven

The Science of the Oven

  • Author: Hervé This
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231147066
  • Category: Cooking
  • Page: 206
  • View: 3244
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Mayonnaise "takes" when a series of liquids form a semisolid consistency. Eggs, a liquid, become solid as they are heated, whereas, under the same conditions, solids melt. When meat is roasted, its surface browns and it acquires taste and texture. What accounts for these extraordinary transformations? The answer: chemistry and physics. With his trademark eloquence and wit, Hervé This launches a wry investigation into the chemical art of cooking. Unraveling the science behind common culinary technique and practice, Hervé This breaks food down to its molecular components and matches them to cooking's chemical reactions. He translates the complex processes of the oven into everyday knowledge for professional chefs and casual cooks, and he demystifies the meaning of taste and the making of flavor. He describes the properties of liquids, salts, sugars, oils, and fats and defines the principles of culinary practice, which endow food with sensual as well as nutritional value. For fans of Hervé This's popular volumes and for those new to his celebrated approach, The Science of the Oven expertly expands the possibilities of the kitchen, fusing the physiology of taste with the molecular structure of bodies and food.

Cooking

Cooking

The Quintessential Art

  • Author: Hervé This,Pierre Gagnaire
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 9780520942127
  • Category: Cooking
  • Page: 366
  • View: 337
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From its intriguing opening question—"How can we reasonably judge a meal?"—to its rewarding conclusion, this beautiful book picks up where Brillat-Savarin left off almost two centuries ago. Hervé This, a cofounder (with the late physicist Nicholas Kurti) of the new approach to studying the scientific basis of cooking known as molecular gastronomy, investigates the question of culinary beauty in a series of playful, lively, and erudite dialogues. Considering the place of cuisine in Western culture, This explores an astonishing variety of topics and elaborates a revolutionary method for judging the art of cooking. Many of the ideas he introduces in this culinary romance are illustrated by dishes created by Pierre Gagnaire, whose engaging commentaries provide rare insights into the creative inspiration of one of the world's foremost chefs. The result is an enthralling, sophisticated, freewheeling dinner party of a book that also makes a powerful case for openness and change in the way we think about food.

Note-by-Note Cooking

Note-by-Note Cooking

The Future of Food

  • Author: Hervé This
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231538235
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 7482
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Note-by-Note Cooking is a landmark in the annals of gastronomy, liberating cooks from the constraints of traditional ingredients and methods through the use of pure molecular compounds. 1-Octen-3-ol, which has a scent of wild mushrooms; limonene, a colorless liquid hydrocarbon that has the smell of citrus; sotolon, whose fragrance at high concentrations resembles curry and at low concentrations, maple syrup or sugar; tyrosine, an odorless but flavorful amino acid present in cheese—these and many other substances, some occurring in nature, some synthesized in the laboratory, make it possible to create novel tastes and flavors in the same way that elementary sound waves can be combined to create new sounds. Note-by-note cooking promises to add unadulterated nutritional value to dishes of all kinds, actually improving upon the health benefits of so-called natural foods. Cooking with molecular compounds will be far more energy efficient and environmentally sustainable than traditional techniques of cooking. This new way of thinking about food heralds a phase of culinary evolution on which the long-term survival of a growing human population depends. Hervé This clearly explains the properties of naturally occurring and synthesized compounds, dispels a host of misconceptions about the place of chemistry in cooking, and shows why note-by-note cooking is an obvious—and inevitable—extension of his earlier pioneering work in molecular gastronomy. An appendix contains a representative selection of recipes, vividly illustrated in color.

Neurogastronomy

Neurogastronomy

How the Brain Creates Flavor and Why It Matters

  • Author: Gordon Shepherd
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231159110
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 5578
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Challenging the belief that the sense of smell diminished during human evolution, Shepherd argues that this sense, which constitutes the main component of flavor, is far more powerful and essential than previously believed. --from publisher description

The Kitchen as Laboratory

The Kitchen as Laboratory

Reflections on the Science of Food and Cooking

  • Author: César Vega,Job Ubbink,Erik van der Linden
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 023152692X
  • Category: Cooking
  • Page: 336
  • View: 3113
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Eating is a multisensory experience, yet chefs and scientists have only recently begun to deconstruct food's components, setting the stage for science-based cooking. In this global collaboration of essays, chefs and scientists advance culinary knowledge by testing hypotheses rooted in the physical and chemical properties of food. Using traditional and cutting-edge tools, ingredients, and techniques, these pioneers create, and sometimes revamp, dishes that respond to specific desires and serve up an original encounter with gastronomic practice. From the seemingly mundane to the food fantastic—from grilled cheese sandwiches, pizzas, and soft-boiled eggs to Turkish ice cream, sugar glasses, and jellified beads—the essays in The Kitchen as Laboratory cover a range of creations and their history and culture. They consider the significance of an eater's background and dining atmosphere and the importance of a chef's methods, as well as the strategies used to create a great diversity of foods and dishes. This collection will delight experts and amateurs alike, especially as restaurants rely more on science-based cooking and recreational cooks increasingly explore the physics and chemistry behind their art. Contributors end each essay with their personal thoughts on food, cooking, and science, offering rare insight into a professional's passion for playing with food.

Italian Cuisine

Italian Cuisine

A Cultural History

  • Author: Alberto Capatti,Massimo Montanari
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231509049
  • Category: Cooking
  • Page: 400
  • View: 1461
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Italy, the country with a hundred cities and a thousand bell towers, is also the country with a hundred cuisines and a thousand recipes. Its great variety of culinary practices reflects a history long dominated by regionalism and political division, and has led to the common conception of Italian food as a mosaic of regional customs rather than a single tradition. Nonetheless, this magnificent new book demonstrates the development of a distinctive, unified culinary tradition throughout the Italian peninsula. Alberto Capatti and Massimo Montanari uncover a network of culinary customs, food lore, and cooking practices, dating back as far as the Middle Ages, that are identifiably Italian: o Italians used forks 300 years before other Europeans, possibly because they were needed to handle pasta, which is slippery and dangerously hot. o Italians invented the practice of chilling drinks and may have invented ice cream. o Italian culinary practice influenced the rest of Europe to place more emphasis on vegetables and less on meat. o Salad was a distinctive aspect of the Italian meal as early as the sixteenth century. The authors focus on culinary developments in the late medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque eras, aided by a wealth of cookbooks produced throughout the early modern period. They show how Italy's culinary identities emerged over the course of the centuries through an exchange of information and techniques among geographical regions and social classes. Though temporally, spatially, and socially diverse, these cuisines refer to a common experience that can be described as Italian. Thematically organized around key issues in culinary history and beautifully illustrated, Italian Cuisine is a rich history of the ingredients, dishes, techniques, and social customs behind the Italian food we know and love today.

Molecular Gastronomy at Home

Molecular Gastronomy at Home

Taking Culinary Physics Out of the Lab and Into Your Kitchen

  • Author: Jozef Youssef
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780228100362
  • Category: Molecular gastronomy
  • Page: 256
  • View: 9642
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"This book embodies the ultimate crash course for the amateur chef and home cook in preparing food using modern scientific principles... For a reader seeking new and broader culinary horizons just come armed with a dash of patience and a pinch of scientific interest -- the results ought to be astounding." -- Publishers Weekly At one time revolutionary and the sole purview of dedicated expert chefs, molecular gastronomy is well established as a cuisine choice. Food aficionados who want to create it at home can now find equipment and locate the catalyst ingredients, but it's neither a bargain method of cooking nor a quick study. This book shows the most common methods used in molecular gastronomy adapted for the home. Clear and easy-to-follow step-by-step photographs demonstrate each technique so that cooks can practice the unique skills, handle the unusual ingredients and plate the dishes. Most beneficial to home cooks, however, is that should special equipment be unavailable, the author recommends the closest domestic equivalents. Molecular Gastronomy at Home is an outstanding practical introduction to a fascinating and delicious cooking method. It demonstrates how with clear technical guidance, numerous illustrations, achievable recipes and a generous dose of patience, home cooks can take culinary physics out of the lab and into their home kitchen. With the first edition of Molecular Gastronomy at Home sold out, this second edition will be available for a wider audience of cooks who like to explore and learn new skills.

Slow Food

Slow Food

The Case for Taste

  • Author: Carlo Petrini
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231128452
  • Category: Cooking
  • Page: 176
  • View: 9256
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Discusses the history and spread of the International Slow Food Movement which was sparked in 1986 when Carlo Petrini organized a protest against plans to build a McDonald's fast food restaurant near the Spanish Steps in Rome, and discusses the movement's goals of preserving indigenous foods and eating traditions, and returning to dining as a social event.

Nutritionism

Nutritionism

The Science and Politics of Dietary Advice

  • Author: Gyorgy Scrinis
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231527144
  • Category: Cooking
  • Page: 368
  • View: 1764
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Popularized by Michael Pollan in his best-selling In Defense of Food, Gyorgy Scrinis's concept of nutritionism refers to the reductive understanding of nutrients as the key indicators of healthy food—an approach that has dominated nutrition science, dietary advice, and food marketing. Scrinis argues this ideology has narrowed and in some cases distorted our appreciation of food quality, such that even highly processed foods may be perceived as healthful depending on their content of "good" or "bad" nutrients. Investigating the butter versus margarine debate, the battle between low-fat, low-carb, and other weight-loss diets, and the food industry's strategic promotion of nutritionally enhanced foods, Scrinis reveals the scientific, social, and economic factors driving our modern fascination with nutrition. Scrinis develops an original framework and terminology for analyzing the characteristics and consequences of nutritionism since the late nineteenth century. He begins with the era of quantification, in which the idea of protective nutrients, caloric reductionism, and vitamins' curative effects took shape. He follows with the era of good and bad nutritionism, which set nutricentric dietary guidelines and defined the parameters of unhealthy nutrients; and concludes with our current era of functional nutritionism, in which the focus has shifted to targeted nutrients, superfoods, and optimal diets. Scrinis's research underscores the critical role of nutrition science and dietary advice in shaping our relationship to food and our bodies and in heightening our nutritional anxieties. He ultimately shows how nutritionism has aligned the demands and perceived needs of consumers with the commercial interests of food manufacturers and corporations. Scrinis also offers an alternative paradigm for assessing the healthfulness of foods—the food quality paradigm—that privileges food production and processing quality, cultural-traditional knowledge, and sensual-practical experience, and promotes less reductive forms of nutrition research and dietary advice.

French Gastronomy

French Gastronomy

The History and Geography of a Passion

  • Author: Jean-Robert Pitte
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231518463
  • Category: Cooking
  • Page: 176
  • View: 3536
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This we can be sure of: when a restaurant in the western world is famous for its cooking, it is the tricolor flag that hangs above the stove, opined one French magazine, and this is by no means an isolated example of such crowing. Indeed, both linguistically and conceptually, the restaurant itself is a French creation. Why are the French recognized by themselves and others the world over as the most enlightened of eaters, as the great gourmets? Why did the passion for food—gastronomy—originate in France? In French Gastronomy, geographer and food lover Jean-Robert Pitte uncovers a novel answer. The key, it turns out, is France herself. In her climate, diversity of soils, abundant resources, and varied topography lie the roots of France's food fame. Pitte masterfully reveals the ways in which cultural phenomena surrounding food and eating in France relate to space and place. He points out that France has some six hundred regions, or microclimates, that allow different agricultures, to flourish, and fully navigable river systems leading from peripheral farmlands directly to markets in the great gastronomic centers of Paris and Lyon. With an eye to this landscape, Pitte wonders: Would the great French burgundies enjoy such prestige if the coast they came from were not situated close to the ancient capital for the dukes and a major travel route for medieval Europe? Yet for all the shaping influence of earth and climate, Pitte demonstrates that haute cuisine, like so much that is great about France, can be traced back to the court of Louis XIV. It was the Sun King's regal gourmandise—he enacted a nightly theater of eating, dining alone but in full view of the court—that made food and fine dining a central affair of state. The Catholic Church figures prominently as well: gluttony was regarded as a "benign sin" in France, and eating well was associated with praising God, fraternal conviviality, and a respect for the body. These cultural ingredients, in combination with the bounties of the land, contributed to the full flowering of French foodways. This is a time of paradox for French gourmandism. Never has there been so much literature published on the subject of culinary creativity, never has there been so much talk about good food, and never has so little cooking been done at home. Each day new fast-food places open. Will French cuisine lose its charm and its soul? Will discourse become a substitute for reality? French Gastronomy is a delightful celebration of what makes France unique, and a call to everyone who loves French food to rediscover its full flavor.

Mouthfeel

Mouthfeel

How Texture Makes Taste

  • Author: Ole Mouritsen,Klavs Styrbæk
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231543247
  • Category: Cooking
  • Page: 416
  • View: 8077
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Why is chocolate melting on the tongue such a decadent sensation? Why do we love crunching on bacon? Why is fizz-less soda such a disappointment to drink, and why is flat beer so unappealing to the palate? Our sense of taste produces physical and emotional reactions that cannot be explained by chemical components alone. Eating triggers our imagination, draws on our powers of recall, and activates our critical judgment, creating a unique impression in our mouths and our minds. How exactly does this alchemy work, and what are the larger cultural and environmental implications? Collaborating in the laboratory and the kitchen, Ole G. Mouritsen and Klavs Styrbæk investigate the multiple ways in which food texture influences taste. Combining scientific analysis with creative intuition and a sophisticated knowledge of food preparation, they write a one-of-a-kind book for food lovers and food science scholars. By mapping the mechanics of mouthfeel, Mouritsen and Styrbæk advance a greater awareness of its link to our culinary preferences. Gaining insight into the textural properties of raw vegetables, puffed rice, bouillon, or ice cream can help us make healthier and more sustainable food choices. Through mouthfeel, we can recreate the physical feelings of foods we love with other ingredients or learn to latch onto smarter food options. Mastering texture also leads to more adventurous gastronomic experiments in the kitchen, allowing us to reach even greater heights of taste sensation.

Umami

Umami

Unlocking the Secrets of the Fifth Taste

  • Author: Ole Mouritsen,Klavs Styrbæk
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231537581
  • Category: Cooking
  • Page: 280
  • View: 4084
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In the West, we have identified only four basic tastes—sour, sweet, salty, and bitter—that, through skillful combination and technique, create delicious foods. Yet in many parts of East Asia over the past century, an additional flavor has entered the culinary lexicon: umami, a fifth taste impression that is savory, complex, and wholly distinct. Combining culinary history with recent research into the chemistry, preparation, nutrition, and culture of food, Mouritsen and Styrbæk encapsulate what we know to date about the concept of umami, from ancient times to today. Umami can be found in soup stocks, meat dishes, air-dried ham, shellfish, aged cheeses, mushrooms, and ripe tomatoes, and it can enhance other taste substances to produce a transformative gustatory experience. Researchers have also discovered which substances in foodstuffs bring out umami, a breakthrough that allows any casual cook to prepare delicious and more nutritious meals with less fat, salt, and sugar. The implications of harnessing umami are both sensuous and social, enabling us to become more intimate with the subtleties of human taste while making better food choices for ourselves and our families. This volume, the product of an ongoing collaboration between a chef and a scientist, won the Danish national Mad+Medier-Prisen (Food and Media Award) in the category of academic food communication.

The Land of the Five Flavors

The Land of the Five Flavors

A Cultural History of Chinese Cuisine

  • Author: Thomas O. Hšllmann
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231161867
  • Category: Cooking
  • Page: 304
  • View: 4724
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Translation of: Schlafender Lotos, trunkenes Huhn.

Food

Food

A Culinary History

  • Author: Jean-Louis Flandrin,Massimo Montanari
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 023111155X
  • Category: Cooking
  • Page: 624
  • View: 8270
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Food and drink.

Taste as Experience

Taste as Experience

The Philosophy and Aesthetics of Food

  • Author: Nicola Perullo
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231541422
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 176
  • View: 6027
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Taste as Experience puts the pleasure of food at the center of human experience. It shows how the sense of taste informs our preferences for and relationship to nature, pushes us toward ethical practices of consumption, and impresses upon us the importance of aesthetics. Eating is often dismissed as a necessary aspect of survival, and our personal enjoyment of food is considered a quirk. Nicola Perullo sees food as the only portion of the world we take in on a daily basis, constituting our first and most significant encounter with the earth. Perullo has long observed people's food practices and has listened to their food experiences. He draws on years of research to explain the complex meanings behind our food choices and the thinking that accompanies our gustatory actions. He also considers our indifference toward food as a force influencing us as much as engagement. For Perullo, taste is value and wisdom. It cannot be reduced to mere chemical or cultural factors but embodies the quality and quantity of our earthly experience.

Medieval Tastes

Medieval Tastes

Food, Cooking, and the Table

  • Author: Massimo Montanari
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231539088
  • Category: Cooking
  • Page: 288
  • View: 6570
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In his new history of food, acclaimed historian Massimo Montanari traces the development of medieval tastes—both culinary and cultural—from raw materials to market and captures their reflections in today's food trends. Tying the ingredients of our diet evolution to the growth of human civilization, he immerses readers in the passionate debates and bold inventions that transformed food from a simple staple to a potent factor in health and a symbol of social and ideological standing. Montanari returns to the prestigious Salerno school of medicine, the "mother of all medical schools," to plot the theory of food that took shape in the twelfth century. He reviews the influence of the Near Eastern spice routes, which introduced new flavors and cooking techniques to European kitchens, and reads Europe's earliest cookbooks, which took cues from old Roman practices that valued artifice and mixed flavors. Dishes were largely low-fat, and meats and fish were seasoned with vinegar, citrus juices, and wine. He highlights other dishes, habits, and battles that mirror contemporary culinary identity, including the refinement of pasta, polenta, bread, and other flour-based foods; the transition to more advanced cooking tools and formal dining implements; the controversy over cooking with oil, lard, or butter; dietary regimens; and the consumption and cultural meaning of water and wine. As people became more cognizant of their physicality, individuality, and place in the cosmos, Montanari shows, they adopted a new attitude toward food, investing as much in its pleasure and possibilities as in its acquisition.

Food Science and the Culinary Arts

Food Science and the Culinary Arts

  • Author: Mark Gibson
  • Publisher: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 0128118172
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 528
  • View: 3469
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Food Science and the Culinary Arts is a unique reference that incorporates the principles of food and beverage science with practical applications in food preparation and product development. The first part of the book covers the various elements of the chemical processes that occur in the development of food products. It includes exploration of sensory elements, chemistry, and the transfer of energy and heat within the kitchen. The second part looks in detail at the makeup of specific foodstuffs from a scientific perspective, with chapters on meat, fish, vegetables, sugars, chocolate, coffee, and wine and spirits, among others. It provides a complete overview of the food science relevant to culinary students and professionals training to work in the food industry. Provides foundational food science information to culinary students and specialists Integrates principles of food science into practical applications Spans food chemistry to ingredients, whole foods, and baked and mixed foods Includes a comprehensive glossary of terms in food science