Search Results for "moral-anthropology"

A Companion to Moral Anthropology

A Companion to Moral Anthropology

  • Author: Didier Fassin
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118959507
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 664
  • View: 2346
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Moral Anthropology

Moral Anthropology

A Critique

  • Author: Bruce Kapferer,Marina Gold
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 1785338692
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 208
  • View: 3730
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A development in anthropological theory, characterized as the 'moral turn', is gaining popularity and should be carefully considered. In examining the context, arguments, and discourse that surrounds this trend, this volume reconceptualizes the discipline of anthropology in a radical way. Contributions from anthropologists from around the world from different theoretical traditions and with expertise in a multiplicity of ethnographic areas makes this collection a provocative contribution to larger discussions not only in anthropology but the social sciences more broadly.

Moral Anthropology

Moral Anthropology

A Critical Reader

  • Author: Didier Fassin,Samuel Lézé
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780415627269
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 386
  • View: 5503
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This Reader is the first anthology to cover the growing field of moral anthropology and will be an essential resource for students and scholars interested in exploring the important issues involved. Morality and ethics are increasingly invoked in the most diverse domains, from politics to economics, from war to sexuality, from international justice to biological research. To interpret this phenomenon from a critical standpoint, anthropology offers unique perspectives. This volume includes classical as well as recent material and sheds light on continuing debates about relativism and universalism, values and emotions, moral duty and ethical freedom, human rights and humanitarianism, the responsibility of the researcher and the regulation of research. The carefully chosen texts are contextualised with lucid editorial material, including a substantial introduction.

Paul Ricoeur's Moral Anthropology

Paul Ricoeur's Moral Anthropology

Singularity, Responsibility, and Justice

  • Author: Geoffrey Dierckxsens
  • Publisher: Lexington Books
  • ISBN: 1498545211
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 276
  • View: 9086
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This book examines Paul Ricœur’s moral anthropology. It shows that his hermeneutical approach to responsibility and justice, focusing on the analysis of the singularity of lived existence, complements recent developments in moral philosophy that tend toward moral relativism and understand responsibility and justice in naturalistic terms.

The Physical and the Moral

The Physical and the Moral

Anthropology, Physiology, and Philosophical Medicine in France, 1750-1850

  • Author: Elizabeth A. Williams
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521524629
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 304
  • View: 6341
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This book explores the tradition of the "science of man" in French medicine of the era 1750-1850, focusing on controversies about the nature of the "physical-moral" relation and their effects on the role of medicine in French society. Its chief purpose is to recover the history of a holistic tradition in French medicine that has been neglected, because it lay outside the mainstream themes of modern medicine, which include experimental, reductionist, and localistic conceptions of health and disease. Professor Williams also challenges existing historiography, which holds that the "anthropological" approach to medicine was a short-term by-product of the leftist politics of the French Revolution. This work argues instead that the medical science of man long outlived the revolution, that it spanned traditional ideological divisions, and that it reflected the shared aim of French physicians, whatever their politics, to claim broad cultural authority in French society.

Anthropologie und Moral

Anthropologie und Moral

Affekte, Leidenschaften und Mitgefühl in Kants Ethik

  • Author: Anna Wehofsits
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • ISBN: 311045646X
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 176
  • View: 4786
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Ausgezeichnet mit dem Förderpreis der Freiburger Kant-Stiftung 2016 Anna Wehofsits’ Studie zu Kants moralischer Anthropologie untersucht die Realisierungsbedingungen moralischen Handelns. Die historische Rekonstruktion und systematische Diskussion dieser Bedingungen zielt auf ein erweitertes Verständnis der Kantischen Ethik: Moralische Charakterbildung nach Kant ist nicht auf die Entwicklung rationaler Fähigkeiten beschränkt, sondern schließt die Entwicklung emotionaler Fähigkeiten ein, den verantwortlichen Umgang mit emotionalen Dispositionen und ihre gezielte Kultivierung.

Freedom and Anthropology in Kant's Moral Philosophy

Freedom and Anthropology in Kant's Moral Philosophy

  • Author: Patrick R. Frierson
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521824002
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 211
  • View: 4413
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A comprehensive 2003 account of Kant's theory of freedom and his moral anthropology.

The Smithsonian and the American Indian

The Smithsonian and the American Indian

making a moral anthropology in Victorian America

  • Author: Curtis M. Hinsley
  • Publisher: Smithsonian Inst Pr
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 319
  • View: 8780
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Hinsley reveals in this book (first published as Savages and Scientists) the early anthropologists sought to measure the status of native peoples in the face of material progress and the spiritual decay of Victorian civilization.

Health and Human Flourishing

Health and Human Flourishing

Religion, Medicine, and Moral Anthropology

  • Author: Carol R. Taylor,Roberto Dell’Oro
  • Publisher: Georgetown University Press
  • ISBN: 9781589013360
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 296
  • View: 8078
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What, exactly, does it mean to be human? It is an age-old question, one for which theology, philosophy, science, and medicine have all provided different answers. But though a unified response to the question can no longer be taken for granted, how we answer it frames the wide range of different norms, principles, values, and intuitions that characterize today's bioethical discussions. If we don't know what it means to be human, how can we judge whether biomedical sciences threaten or enhance our humanity? This fundamental question, however, receives little attention in the study of bioethics. In a field consumed with the promises and perils of new medical discoveries, emerging technologies, and unprecedented social change, current conversations about bioethics focus primarily on questions of harm and benefit, patient autonomy, and equality of health care distribution. Prevailing models of medical ethics emphasize human capacity for self-control and self-determination, rarely considering such inescapable dimensions of the human condition as disability, loss, and suffering, community and dignity, all of which make it difficult for us to be truly independent. In Health and Human Flourishing, contributors from a wide range of disciplines mine the intersection of the secular and the religious, the medical and the moral, to unearth the ethical and clinical implications of these facets of human existence. Their aim is a richer bioethics, one that takes into account the roles of vulnerability, dignity, integrity, and relationality in human affliction as well as human thriving. Including an examination of how a theological anthropology—a theological understanding of what it means to be a human being—can help us better understand health care, social policy, and science, this thought-provoking anthology will inspire much-needed conversation among philosophers, theologians, and health care professionals.

Kant's Human Being

Kant's Human Being

Essays on His Theory of Human Nature

  • Author: Robert B. Louden
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 019991110X
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 256
  • View: 7022
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In Kant's Human Being, Robert B. Louden continues and deepens avenues of research first initiated in his highly acclaimed book, Kant's Impure Ethics. Drawing on a wide variety of both published and unpublished works spanning all periods of Kant's extensive writing career, Louden here focuses on Kant's under-appreciated empirical work on human nature, with particular attention to the connections between this body of work and his much-discussed ethical theory. Kant repeatedly claimed that the question, "What is the human being" is philosophy's most fundamental question, one that encompasses all others. Louden analyzes and evaluates Kant's own answer to his question, showing how it differs from other accounts of human nature. This collection of twelve essays is divided into three parts. In Part One (Human Virtues), Louden explores the nature and role of virtue in Kant's ethical theory, showing how the conception of human nature behind Kant's virtue theory results in a virtue ethics that is decidedly different from more familiar Aristotelian virtue ethics programs. In Part Two (Ethics and Anthropology), he uncovers the dominant moral message in Kant's anthropological investigations, drawing new connections between Kant's work on human nature and his ethics. Finally, in Part Three (Extensions of Anthropology), Louden explores specific aspects of Kant's theory of human nature developed outside of his anthropology lectures, in his works on religion, geography, education ,and aesthetics, and shows how these writings substantially amplify his account of human beings. Kant's Human Being offers a detailed and multifaceted investigation of the question that Kant held to be the most important of all, and will be of interest not only to philosophers but also to all who are concerned with the study of human nature.

Enlightenment and Pathology

Enlightenment and Pathology

Sensibility in the Literature and Medicine of Eighteenth-Century France

  • Author: Anne C. Vila
  • Publisher: JHU Press
  • ISBN: 9780801858093
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 391
  • View: 6030
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If moods are as contagious as colds, and wickedness as debilitating as a bad diet, inquiries into assorted discourses in 18th-century France still have much to tell. Author Anne Vila shows that multiple junctures between the body and the mind promoted a steady commerce of speculation and discussion between science and the social salons of the time. 9 illustrations.

Ethics and Anthropology

Ethics and Anthropology

Ideas and Practice

  • Author: Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban
  • Publisher: AltaMira Press
  • ISBN: 0759121885
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 196
  • View: 1993
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Ethics and Anthropology: Ideas and Practice is the first comprehensive and up-to-date book embracing issues and dilemmas faced by anthropologists in the discipline’s four fields.

The Tangled Bank

The Tangled Bank

Toward an Ecotheological Ethics of Responsible Participation

  • Author: Michael S. Hogue
  • Publisher: James Clarke & Co
  • ISBN: 0227903528
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 282
  • View: 3517
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In response to the confluence of moral uncertainty with the increase of human power to alter nature, and through critical integration of the philosophical naturalism of Hans Jonas and the critical religious naturalism of James M. Gustafson, The Tangled Bank argues for an ecotheological ethics of responsible participation. By making the case that the moral pressures of our time call for a vision that is as deeply naturalistic as it is deeply theological, a critical perspective is advanced that is attuned to human embeddedness within nature as well as to human distinctiveness. In support of this, a moral anthropological method is deployed as a creative new way to integrate the comparative, critical, and constructive tasks of theological ethics. The insights of Hans Jonas and James M. Gustafson, interpreted comparatively for the first time, are critically drawn together to suggest new directions for scholarship and teaching in theology and religion and science studies.

Maat, the Moral Ideal in Ancient Egypt

Maat, the Moral Ideal in Ancient Egypt

A Study in Classical African Ethics

  • Author: Maulana Karenga
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 9780415947534
  • Category: History
  • Page: 458
  • View: 6439
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Maat is the moral ideal of ancient Egypt whose texts contain information on Egypt's moral standards, its concepts of right from wrong, codes of behaviour and obligations. Written by a teacher of the tradition of Maat, this study is the `first philosophical book that is based on a philologically and historically critical treatment of first-hand Egyptian material'. Focusing on the Maatian ideal rather than moral practices, Karenga discusses what Maat is and its place within the genre of philosophical ethics and morality, asking what it can contribute to modern African culture and values. Extracts are transcribed and translated into English.

Existenzweisen

Existenzweisen

Eine Anthropologie der Modernen

  • Author: Bruno Latour
  • Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
  • ISBN: 3518737376
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 600
  • View: 4594
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Vor zwanzig Jahren hatte der französische Soziologe und Philosoph Bruno Latour konstatiert: »Wir sind nie modern gewesen«, und sich an einer »symmetrischen Anthropologie« jenseits der Trennung von Natur und Kultur versucht. Nun legt er sein zweites Hauptwerk vor, das dieses faszinierende Projekt mit einer »Anthropologie der Modernen« fortschreibt und den verschiedenen Existenzweisen von Wissenschaft, Technologie, Recht, Religion, Wirtschaft und Politik in der modernen Welt nachspürt. Ein großes Panorama der Modi moderner Existenz. Latour setzt für dieses Projekt bei der globalen Verflechtung aller Lebensbereiche an, die heute nicht zuletzt am Problem des Klimawandels sichtbar wird. Zugleich zeigt sich aber an diesem Problem auch, dass es verschiedene Handlungssphären gibt, die jeweils eigene Existenzweisen besitzen: Politiker, die sich mit dem Klimaproblem befassen, sind eben keine Wissenschaftler, die Klimaforschung betreiben, und Unternehmer orientieren sich zunächst an den Maßgaben der Wirtschaftlichkeit; wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse werden daher nicht einfach in politische und ökonomische Handlungen übersetzt. Dennoch sind für Latour diese verschiedenen Existenzmodi nicht unabhängig voneinander, sondern durchdringen einander und kreieren gemeinsam Probleme, die es in der Folge auch gemeinsam zu lösen gilt. Es bedarf daher einer neuen Form der »Diplomatie«, die zwischen den einzelnen Existenzweisen vermittelt. Nicht weniger als die Zukunft unseres Planeten steht auf dem Spiel und nicht weniger als eine solche diplomatische Vermittlung versucht dieses grundlegende und wegweisende Buch zu leisten. Auf dass wir endlich modern werden!

Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View

Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View

  • Author: Immanuel Kant
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401020183
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 210
  • View: 2441
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In a footnote to the Preface of his A nthropology Kant gives, if not altogether accurately, the historical background for the publication of this work. The A nthropology is, in effect, his manual for a course of lectures which he gave "for some thirty years," in the winter semesters at the University of Konigsberg. In 1797, when old age forced him to discontinue the course and he felt that his manual would not compete with the lectures themselves, he decided to let the work be published (Ak. VII, 354, 356). The reader will readily see why these lectures were, as Kant says, popular ones, attended by people from other walks of life. In both content and style the Anthropology is far removed from the rigors of the Critiques. Yet the Anthropology presents its own special problems. The student of Kant who struggles through the Critique of Pure Reason is undoubtedly left in some perplexity regarding specific points in it, but he is quite clear as to what Kant is attempting to do in the work. On finishing the Anthropology he may well find himself in just the opposite situation. While its discussions of the functioning of man's various powers are, on the whole, quite lucid and even entertaining, the purpose of the work remains somewhat vague. The questions: what is pragmatic anthropology? what is its relation to Kant's more strictly philosophical works? have not been answered satisfactorily.

Whispering the Word

Whispering the Word

Hearing Women's Stories in the Old Testament

  • Author: Jacqueline E. Lapsley
  • Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press
  • ISBN: 1611644437
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 168
  • View: 7827
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Many Christian feminists wonder if they can simultaneously maintain their commitment to principles of gender equality and their faith in the Scriptures, particularly the Old Testament. Writing in response to feminist biblical scholars who approach the Old Testament with a hermeneutic of suspicion, Jacqueline Lapsley offers Christian feminists strategies to hear the subtle ideas and voices of the less powerful within the Old Testament texts. Reading and interpreting a number of Old Testament narratives in which women are prominent, Lapsley considers how these stories may reflect God's word for us. In doing so, she demonstrates how the narrative often attempts to shape the moral response of the reader by revealing the intricacy and complexity of the moral world evoked. In this gentle shaping of the reader's ethical sensibilities, she argues, is where God may be whispering a word for us.

Kant's Conception of Moral Character

Kant's Conception of Moral Character

The "Critical" Link of Morality, Anthropology, and Reflective Judgment

  • Author: G. Felicitas Munzel
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 9780226551340
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 377
  • View: 5521
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Currently fashionable among critics of enlightenment thought is the charge that Kant's ethics fails to provide an adequate account of character and its formation in moral and political life. G. Felicitas Munzel challenges this reading of Kant's thought, claiming not only that Kant has a very rich notion of moral character, but also that it is a conception of systematic importance for his thought, linking the formal moral with the critical, aesthetic, anthropological, and biological aspects of his philosophy. The first book to focus on character formation in Kant's moral philosophy, it builds on important recent work on Kant's aesthetics and anthropology, and brings these to bear on moral issues. Munzel traces Kant's multifaceted definition of character through the broad range of his writings, and then explores the structure of character, its actual exercise in the world, and its cultivation. An outstanding work of original textual analysis and interpretation, Kant's Conception of Moral Character is a major contribution to Kant studies and moral philosophy in general.

Schulden

Schulden

Die ersten 5000 Jahre

  • Author: David Graeber
  • Publisher: Klett-Cotta
  • ISBN: 3608103104
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 536
  • View: 2149
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Ein radikales Buch im doppelten Wortsinn, denn Graeber packt das Problem der Schulden an der Wurzel, indem er bis zu ihren Anfängen in der Geschichte zurückgeht. Das führt ihn mitten hinein in die Krisenherde unserer Zeit: Von der Antike bis in die Gegenwart sind revolutionäre Bewegungen immer in Schuldenkrisen entstanden. Graeber sprengt die moralischen Fesseln, die uns auf das Prinzip der Schulden verpflichten. Denn diese Moral ist eine Waffe in der Hand der Mächtigen. Die weltweite Schuldenwirtschaft ist eine Bankrotterklärung der Ökonomie. Der Autor enttarnt Geld- und Kredittheorien als Mythen, die die Ökonomisierung aller sozialen Beziehungen vorantreiben. Im Kern ist dieses Buch ein hohes Lied auf die Freiheit: Das sumerische Wort »amargi«, das Synonym für Schuldenfreiheit, ist Graeber zufolge das erste Wort für Freiheit in menschlicher Sprache überhaupt. David Graeber ist einer der Begründer der Occupy-Bewegung.