Search Results for "nand-flash-memory-technologies-ieee-press-series-on-microelectronic-systems"

NAND Flash Memory Technologies

NAND Flash Memory Technologies

  • Author: Seiichi Aritome
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1119132606
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 432
  • View: 2189
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Offers a comprehensive overview of NAND flash memories, with insights into NAND history, technology, challenges, evolutions, and perspectives Describes new program disturb issues, data retention, power consumption, and possible solutions for the challenges of 3D NAND flash memory Written by an authority in NAND flash memory technology, with over 25 years’ experience

Nonvolatile Memory Technologies with Emphasis on Flash

Nonvolatile Memory Technologies with Emphasis on Flash

A Comprehensive Guide to Understanding and Using Flash Memory Devices

  • Author: Joe Brewer,Manzur Gill
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118211626
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 792
  • View: 587
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Presented here is an all-inclusive treatment of Flash technology, including Flash memory chips, Flash embedded in logic, binary cell Flash, and multilevel cell Flash. The book begins with a tutorial of elementary concepts to orient readers who are less familiar with the subject. Next, it covers all aspects and variations of Flash technology at a mature engineering level: basic device structures, principles of operation, related process technologies, circuit design, overall design tradeoffs, device testing, reliability, and applications.

Inside Solid State Drives (SSDs)

Inside Solid State Drives (SSDs)

  • Author: Rino Micheloni,Alessia Marelli,Kam Eshghi
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9400751451
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 382
  • View: 3980
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Solid State Drives (SSDs) are gaining momentum in enterprise and client applications, replacing Hard Disk Drives (HDDs) by offering higher performance and lower power. In the enterprise, developers of data center server and storage systems have seen CPU performance growing exponentially for the past two decades, while HDD performance has improved linearly for the same period. Additionally, multi-core CPU designs and virtualization have increased randomness of storage I/Os. These trends have shifted performance bottlenecks to enterprise storage systems. Business critical applications such as online transaction processing, financial data processing and database mining are increasingly limited by storage performance. In client applications, small mobile platforms are leaving little room for batteries while demanding long life out of them. Therefore, reducing both idle and active power consumption has become critical. Additionally, client storage systems are in need of significant performance improvement as well as supporting small robust form factors. Ultimately, client systems are optimizing for best performance/power ratio as well as performance/cost ratio. SSDs promise to address both enterprise and client storage requirements by drastically improving performance while at the same time reducing power. Inside Solid State Drives walks the reader through all the main topics related to SSDs: from NAND Flash to memory controller (hardware and software), from I/O interfaces (PCIe/SAS/SATA) to reliability, from error correction codes (BCH and LDPC) to encryption, from Flash signal processing to hybrid storage. We hope you enjoy this tour inside Solid State Drives.

Inside NAND Flash Memories

Inside NAND Flash Memories

  • Author: Rino Micheloni,Luca Crippa,Alessia Marelli
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9789048194315
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 582
  • View: 8803
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Digital photography, MP3, digital video, etc. make extensive use of NAND-based Flash cards as storage media. To realize how much NAND Flash memories pervade every aspect of our life, just imagine how our recent habits would change if the NAND memories suddenly disappeared. To take a picture it would be necessary to find a film (as well as a traditional camera...), disks or even magnetic tapes would be used to record a video or to listen a song, and a cellular phone would return to be a simple mean of communication rather than a multimedia console. The development of NAND Flash memories will not be set down on the mere evolution of personal entertainment systems since a new killer application can trigger a further success: the replacement of Hard Disk Drives (HDDs) with Solid State Drives (SSDs). SSD is made up by a microcontroller and several NANDs. As NAND is the technology driver for IC circuits, Flash designers and technologists have to deal with a lot of challenges. Therefore, SSD (system) developers must understand Flash technology in order to exploit its benefits and countermeasure its weaknesses. Inside NAND Flash Memories is a comprehensive guide of the NAND world: from circuits design (analog and digital) to Flash reliability (including radiation effects), from testing issues to high-performance (DDR) interface, from error correction codes to NAND applications like Flash cards and SSDs.

3D Flash Memories

3D Flash Memories

  • Author: Rino Micheloni
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 9401775125
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 380
  • View: 3822
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This book walks the reader through the next step in the evolution of NAND flash memory technology, namely the development of 3D flash memories, in which multiple layers of memory cells are grown within the same piece of silicon. It describes their working principles, device architectures, fabrication techniques and practical implementations, and highlights why 3D flash is a brand new technology. After reviewing market trends for both NAND and solid state drives (SSDs), the book digs into the details of the flash memory cell itself, covering both floating gate and emerging charge trap technologies. There is a plethora of different materials and vertical integration schemes out there. New memory cells, new materials, new architectures (3D Stacked, BiCS and P-BiCS, 3D FG, 3D VG, 3D advanced architectures); basically, each NAND manufacturer has its own solution. Chapter 3 to chapter 7 offer a broad overview of how 3D can materialize. The 3D wave is impacting emerging memories as well and chapter 8 covers 3D RRAM (resistive RAM) crosspoint arrays. Visualizing 3D structures can be a challenge for the human brain: this is way all these chapters contain a lot of bird’s-eye views and cross sections along the 3 axes. The second part of the book is devoted to other important aspects, such as advanced packaging technology (i.e. TSV in chapter 9) and error correction codes, which have been leveraged to improve flash reliability for decades. Chapter 10 describes the evolution from legacy BCH to the most recent LDPC codes, while chapter 11 deals with some of the most recent advancements in the ECC field. Last but not least, chapter 12 looks at 3D flash memories from a system perspective. Is 14nm the last step for planar cells? Can 100 layers be integrated within the same piece of silicon? Is 4 bit/cell possible with 3D? Will 3D be reliable enough for enterprise and datacenter applications? These are some of the questions that this book helps answering by providing insights into 3D flash memory design, process technology and applications.

Vertical 3D Memory Technologies

Vertical 3D Memory Technologies

  • Author: Betty Prince
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118760468
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 368
  • View: 5369
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The large scale integration and planar scaling of individual system chips is reaching an expensive limit. If individual chips now, and later terrabyte memory blocks, memory macros, and processing cores, can be tightly linked in optimally designed and processed small footprint vertical stacks, then performance can be increased, power reduced and cost contained. This book reviews for the electronics industry engineer, professional and student the critical areas of development for 3D vertical memory chips including: gate-all-around and junction-less nanowire memories, stacked thin film and double gate memories, terrabit vertical channel and vertical gate stacked NAND flash, large scale stacking of Resistance RAM cross-point arrays, and 2.5D/3D stacking of memory and processor chips with through-silicon-via connections now and remote links later. Key features: Presents a review of the status and trends in 3-dimensional vertical memory chip technologies. Extensively reviews advanced vertical memory chip technology and development Explores technology process routes and 3D chip integration in a single reference

Introduction to Magnetic Random-Access Memory

Introduction to Magnetic Random-Access Memory

  • Author: Bernard Dieny,Ronald B. Goldfarb,Kyung-Jin Lee
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 111900974X
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 264
  • View: 2881
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Magnetic random-access memory (MRAM) is poised to replace traditional computer memory based on complementary metal-oxide semiconductors (CMOS). MRAM will surpass all other types of memory devices in terms of nonvolatility, low energy dissipation, fast switching speed, radiation hardness, and durability. Although toggle-MRAM is currently a commercial product, it is clear that future developments in MRAM will be based on spin-transfer torque, which makes use of electrons’ spin angular momentum instead of their charge. MRAM will require an amalgamation of magnetics and microelectronics technologies. However, researchers and developers in magnetics and in microelectronics attend different technical conferences, publish in different journals, use different tools, and have different backgrounds in condensed-matter physics, electrical engineering, and materials science. This book is an introduction to MRAM for microelectronics engineers written by specialists in magnetic materials and devices. It presents the basic phenomena involved in MRAM, the materials and film stacks being used, the basic principles of the various types of MRAM (toggle and spin-transfer torque; magnetized in-plane or perpendicular-to-plane), the back-end magnetic technology, and recent developments toward logic-in-memory architectures. It helps bridge the cultural gap between the microelectronics and magnetics communities.

Nonvolatile semiconductor memory technology

Nonvolatile semiconductor memory technology

a comprehensive guide to understanding and to using NVSM devices

  • Author: William D. Brown,Joe E. Brewer
  • Publisher: Wiley-IEEE Press
  • ISBN: 9780780311732
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 589
  • View: 3222
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This comprehensive reference book provides electronics engineers with the technical data and perspective necessary for the intelligent selection, specification, and application of nonvolatile semiconductor memory devices. A "one-stop shopping" tool for the working engineer, this book presents the fundamental aspects of nonvolatile semiconductor memory technologies, devices, reliability, and applications.

CMOS

CMOS

Circuit Design, Layout, and Simulation

  • Author: R. Jacob Baker
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 9781118038239
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 1208
  • View: 4442
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The Third Edition of CMOS Circuit Design, Layout, and Simulation continues to cover the practical design of both analog and digital integrated circuits, offering a vital, contemporary view of a wide range of analog/digital circuit blocks including: phase-locked-loops, delta-sigma sensing circuits, voltage/current references, op-amps, the design of data converters, and much more. Regardless of one's integrated circuit (IC) design skill level, this book allows readers to experience both the theory behind, and the hands-on implementation of, complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) IC design via detailed derivations, discussions, and hundreds of design, layout, and simulation examples.

Semiconductor Memories

Semiconductor Memories

Technology, Testing, and Reliability

  • Author: Ashok K. Sharma
  • Publisher: Wiley-IEEE Press
  • ISBN: 9780780310001
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 480
  • View: 3373
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Semiconductor Memories provides in-depth coverage in the areas of design for testing, fault tolerance, failure modes and mechanisms, and screening and qualification methods including. * Memory cell structures and fabrication technologies. * Application-specific memories and architectures. * Memory design, fault modeling and test algorithms, limitations, and trade-offs. * Space environment, radiation hardening process and design techniques, and radiation testing. * Memory stacks and multichip modules for gigabyte storage.

Computer Organization & Architecture: Themes and Variations

Computer Organization & Architecture: Themes and Variations

  • Author: Alan Clements
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • ISBN: 1285415426
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 936
  • View: 4518
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COMPUTER ORGANIZATION AND ARCHITECTURE: THEMES AND VARIATIONS stresses the structure of the complete system (CPU, memory, buses and peripherals) and reinforces that core content with an emphasis on divergent examples. This approach to computer architecture is an effective arrangement that provides sufficient detail at the logic and organizational levels appropriate for EE/ECE departments as well as for Computer Science readers. The text goes well beyond the minimal curriculum coverage and introduces topics that are important to anyone involved with computer architecture in a way that is both thought provoking and interesting to all. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Error Correction Codes for Non-Volatile Memories

Error Correction Codes for Non-Volatile Memories

  • Author: Rino Micheloni,A. Marelli,R. Ravasio
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1402083912
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 338
  • View: 3259
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Nowadays it is hard to find an electronic device which does not use codes: for example, we listen to music via heavily encoded audio CD's and we watch movies via encoded DVD's. There is at least one area where the use of encoding/decoding is not so developed, yet: Flash non-volatile memories. Flash memory high-density, low power, cost effectiveness, and scalable design make it an ideal choice to fuel the explosion of multimedia products, like USB keys, MP3 players, digital cameras and solid-state disk. In ECC for Non-Volatile Memories the authors expose the basics of coding theory needed to understand the application to memories, as well as the relevant design topics, with reference to both NOR and NAND Flash architectures. A collection of software routines is also included for better understanding. The authors form a research group (now at Qimonda) which is the typical example of a fruitful collaboration between mathematicians and engineers.

VLSI Memory Chip Design

VLSI Memory Chip Design

  • Author: Kiyoo Itoh
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3662044781
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 495
  • View: 7527
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A systematic description of microelectronic device design. Topics range from the basics to low-power and ultralow-voltage designs, subthreshold current reduction, memory subsystem designs for modern DRAMs, and various on-chip supply-voltage conversion techniques. It also covers process and device issues as well as design issues relating to systems, circuits, devices and processes, such as signal-to-noise and redundancy.

Memories in Wireless Systems

Memories in Wireless Systems

  • Author: Rino Micheloni,Giovanni Campardo,Piero Olivo
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3540790780
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 310
  • View: 2101
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For the technological progress in communication technology it is necessary that the advanced studies in circuit and software design are accompanied with recent results of the technological research and physics in order to exceed its limitations. This book is a guide which treats many components used in mobile communications, and in particular focuses on non-volatile memories. It emerges following the conducting line of the non-volatile memory in the wireless system: On the one hand it develops the foundations of the interdisciplinary issues needed for design analysis and testing of the system. On the other hand it deals with many of the problems appearing when the systems are realized in industrial production. These cover the difficulties from the mobile system to the different types of non-volatile memories. The book explores memory cards, multichip technologies, and algorithms of the software management as well as error handling. It also presents techniques of assurance for the single components and a guide through the Datasheet lectures.

Solid-State-Drives (SSDs) Modeling

Solid-State-Drives (SSDs) Modeling

Simulation Tools & Strategies

  • Author: Rino Micheloni
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 331951735X
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 170
  • View: 5622
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This book introduces simulation tools and strategies for complex systems of solid-state-drives (SSDs) which consist of a flash multi-core microcontroller plus NAND flash memories. It provides a broad overview of the most popular simulation tools, with special focus on open source solutions. VSSIM, NANDFlashSim and DiskSim are benchmarked against performances of real SSDs under different traffic workloads. PROs and CONs of each simulator are analyzed, and it is clearly indicated which kind of answers each of them can give and at a what price. It is explained, that speed and precision do not go hand in hand, and it is important to understand when to simulate what, and with which tool. Being able to simulate SSD’s performances is mandatory to meet time-to-market, together with product cost and quality. Over the last few years the authors developed an advanced simulator named “SSDExplorer” which has been used to evaluate multiple phenomena with great accuracy, from QoS (Quality Of Service) to Read Retry, from LDPC Soft Information to power, from Flash aging to FTL. SSD simulators are also addressed in a broader context in this book, i.e. the analysis of what happens when SSDs are connected to the OS (Operating System) and to the end-user application (for example, a database search). The authors walk the reader through the full simulation flow of a real system-level by combining SSD Explorer with the QEMU virtual platform. The reader will be impressed by the level of know-how and the combination of models that such simulations are asking for.

Next Generation Spin Torque Memories

Next Generation Spin Torque Memories

  • Author: Brajesh Kumar Kaushik,Shivam Verma,Anant Aravind Kulkarni,Sanjay Prajapati
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 981102720X
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 92
  • View: 8611
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This book offers detailed insights into spin transfer torque (STT) based devices, circuits and memories. Starting with the basic concepts and device physics, it then addresses advanced STT applications and discusses the outlook for this cutting-edge technology. It also describes the architectures, performance parameters, fabrication, and the prospects of STT based devices. Further, moving from the device to the system perspective it presents a non-volatile computing architecture composed of STT based magneto-resistive and all-spin logic devices and demonstrates that efficient STT based magneto-resistive and all-spin logic devices can turn the dream of instant on/off non-volatile computing into reality.

Quantum Mechanics for Electrical Engineers

Quantum Mechanics for Electrical Engineers

  • Author: Dennis M. Sullivan
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0470874090
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 429
  • View: 1852
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The main topic of this book is quantum mechanics, as the title indicates. It specifically targets those topics within quantum mechanics that are needed to understand modern semiconductor theory. It begins with the motivation for quantum mechanics and why classical physics fails when dealing with very small particles and small dimensions. Two key features make this book different from others on quantum mechanics, even those usually intended for engineers: First, after a brief introduction, much of the development is through Fourier theory, a topic that is at the heart of most electrical engineering theory. In this manner, the explanation of the quantum mechanics is rooted in the mathematics familiar to every electrical engineer. Secondly, beginning with the first chapter, simple computer programs in MATLAB are used to illustrate the principles. The programs can easily be copied and used by the reader to do the exercises at the end of the chapters or to just become more familiar with the material. Many of the figures in this book have a title across the top. This title is the name of the MATLAB program that was used to generate that figure. These programs are available to the reader. Appendix D lists all the programs, and they are also downloadable at http://booksupport.wiley.com

In Search of the Next Memory

In Search of the Next Memory

Inside the Circuitry from the Oldest to the Emerging Non-Volatile Memories

  • Author: Roberto Gastaldi,Giovanni Campardo
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319477242
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 247
  • View: 2876
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This book provides students and practicing chip designers an easy-to-follow yet thorough, introductory treatment of the most promising emerging memories under development in the industry. Focusing on the chip designer rather than the end user, this book offers expanded, up-to-date coverage of emerging memories circuit design. After an introduction on the old solid-state memories and the fundamental limitations soon to be encountered, the working principle and main technology issues of each of the considered technologies (PCRAM, MRAM, FeRAM, ReRAM) are reviewed and a range of topics related to design is explored: the array organization, decoding, sensing and writing circuitry, data path design, redundancy and error correction, I/O interfaces, power requirements are reviewed comparing the approach followed and the constraints for each of the technologies considered.Additionally some considerations are entertained about how emerging memories can find a place in the new memory paradigm required by future electronic systems.This book is an up-to-date and comprehensive introduction for students in courses on memory circuit design or advanced digital courses in VLSI or CMOS circuit design. It also serves as an essential, one-stop resource for academics, researchers and practicing engineers.

Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor IGBT Theory and Design

Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor IGBT Theory and Design

  • Author: Vinod Kumar Khanna
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 9780471660996
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 648
  • View: 4951
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A comprehensive and "state-of-the-art" coverage of the design and fabrication of IGBT. All-in-one resource Explains the fundamentals of MOS and bipolar physics. Covers IGBT operation, device and process design, power modules, and new IGBT structures.

Understanding Microelectronics

Understanding Microelectronics

A Top-Down Approach

  • Author: Franco Maloberti
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1119978343
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 656
  • View: 3203
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The microelectronics evolution has given rise to many modern benefits but has also changed design methods and attitudes to learning. Technology advancements shifted focus from simple circuits to complex systems with major attention to high-level descriptions. The design methods moved from a bottom-up to a top-down approach. For today’s students, the most beneficial approach to learning is this top-down method that demonstrates a global view of electronics before going into specifics. Franco Maloberti uses this approach to explain the fundamentals of electronics, such as processing functions, signals and their properties. Here he presents a helpful balance of theory, examples, and verification of results, while keeping mathematics and signal processing theory to a minimum. Key features: Presents a new learning approach that will greatly improve students’ ability to retain key concepts in electronics studies Match the evolution of Computer Aided Design (CAD) which focuses increasingly on high-level design Covers sub-functions as well as basic circuits and basic components Provides real-world examples to inspire a thorough understanding of global issues, before going into the detail of components and devices Discusses power conversion and management; an important area that is missing in other books on the subject End-of-chapter problems and self-training sections support the reader in exploring systems and understanding them at increasing levels of complexity A supporting website (http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-047074555X,descCd-relatedWebsites.html) presents the interactive student lab, ElvisLAB, where students can conduct virtual experiments on circuits together with PowerPoint slides for lecturers. Inside this book you will find a complete explanation of electronics that can be applied across a range of disciplines including electrical engineering and physics. This comprehensive introduction will be of benefit to students studying electronics, as well as their lecturers and professors. Postgraduate engineers, those in vocational training, and design and application engineers will also find this book useful.