Search Results for "natural-born-cyborgs-minds-technologies-and-the-future-of-human-intelligence"

Natural-born Cyborgs

Natural-born Cyborgs

Minds, Technologies, and the Future of Human Intelligence

  • Author: Andy Clark
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780195177510
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 229
  • View: 1714
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A revolutionary approach to the human mind imagines a future when humans have fully incorporated their tools and technologies into the biological reality of being human. (Science & Mathematics)

Mind & Body

Mind & Body

Wie Gehirn und Psyche die Gesundheit beeinflussen - Wissen & Leben Herausgegeben von Wulf Bertram

  • Author: Rüegg, Johann Caspar
  • Publisher: Schattauer Verlag
  • ISBN: 379453204X
  • Category:
  • Page: 224
  • View: 9152
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Ein Buch aus der Reihe "Wissen & Leben" „Es ist der Geist, der sich den Körper baut“ (Friedrich Schiller) Welche Zusammenhänge bestehen zwischen Gehirn, Emotionen und Körper? Wie werden traumatische Erfahrungen erinnert; kann man sie löschen oder „überschreiben“? Wie beeinflussen frühkindliche Erlebnisse die Gesundheit? Und wie kann Meditation das Gehirn verändern? Die aktuellen Erkenntnisse der Hirnforschung, Immunologie und Genetik werfen zahlreiche spannende Fragen auf. Wissenschaftlich fundiert, anschaulich und unterhaltsam erklärt der bekannte Heidelberger Physiologe Johann Caspar Rüegg die komplexen Wechselwirkungen zwischen „mind“ und „body“ und wie man sie gezielt nutzen kann. Neue Denk- und Verhaltensweisen, aber auch spirituelle Erfahrungen können Veränderungen hervorrufen, die über unsere Psyche auf den Körper wirken – denn: Gesundheit beginnt im Kopf! In der 3. Auflage ergänzt ein Kapitel zur „sprechenden Medizin“ das breitgefächerte Themenspektrum. Rüegg zeigt auf, wie Worte nachhaltig die Funktionsweise des Gehirns verändern: Sie können die Wirkung von Medikamenten verstärken und sogar wie ein Medikament wirken. Ein neues Glossar erklärt kurz und präzise über 50 Fachbegriffe. Ein geist- und lehrreiches Lesevergnügen für alle, die mehr über die Wechselwirkungen zwischen Gehirn, Psyche und Körper wissen möchten!

Informationelle Selbstbestimmung im digitalen Wandel

Informationelle Selbstbestimmung im digitalen Wandel

  • Author: Michael Friedewald,Jörn Lamla,Alexander Roßnagel
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3658176628
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 332
  • View: 9495
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Die Autoren des Buches untersuchen die historische und sachliche Bedingtheit des Konzepts der informationellen Selbstbestimmung, das zum Zweck des Persönlichkeitsschutzes in der modernen Datenverarbeitung zu einer Zeit und für Umstände entwickelt wurde, die inzwischen längst überholt sind. Thematisiert werden seine auch in absehbarer Zukunft erhaltenswerten Kernaussagen sowie die Änderungen, die in seinem Verständnis und seinen Umsetzungen notwendig sind, um die Ziele der informationellen Selbstbestimmung in einer veränderten digitalen Welt zu erreichen.

Wenden

Wenden

Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven auf das Phänomen turn

  • Author: Sandra Aßmann,Peter Moormann,Karina Nimmerfall,Mirjam Thomann
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3658148055
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 224
  • View: 7890
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Der Band bietet einen inter- und transdisziplinären Blick auf den Begriff der Wende / des turns. In den einzelnen Teilen werden einerseits spezifische Fachdiskurse (z.B. erziehungswissenschaftliche, philosophische, künstlerische), andererseits übergreifende Thematiken (z.B. der documentary turn in der zeitgenössischen Kunst) bearbeitet. Eine wissenschaftstheoretische Fundierung sowie konkrete Überlegungen zu Wenden als interdisziplinärem Phänomen rahmen den Band.

Supersizing the Mind

Supersizing the Mind

Embodiment, Action, and Cognitive Extension

  • Author: Andy Clark
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780199831043
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 318
  • View: 3275
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When historian Charles Weiner found pages of Nobel Prize-winning physicist Richard Feynman's notes, he saw it as a "record" of Feynman's work. Feynman himself, however, insisted that the notes were not a record but the work itself. In Supersizing the Mind, Andy Clark argues that our thinking doesn't happen only in our heads but that "certain forms of human cognizing include inextricable tangles of feedback, feed-forward and feed-around loops: loops that promiscuously criss-cross the boundaries of brain, body and world." The pen and paper of Feynman's thought are just such feedback loops, physical machinery that shape the flow of thought and enlarge the boundaries of mind. Drawing upon recent work in psychology, linguistics, neuroscience, artificial intelligence, robotics, human-computer systems, and beyond, Supersizing the Mind offers both a tour of the emerging cognitive landscape and a sustained argument in favor of a conception of mind that is extended rather than "brain-bound." The importance of this new perspective is profound. If our minds themselves can include aspects of our social and physical environments, then the kinds of social and physical environments we create can reconfigure our minds and our capacity for thought and reason.

Die Physik des Bewusstseins

Die Physik des Bewusstseins

Über die Zukunft des Geistes

  • Author: Michio Kaku
  • Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
  • ISBN: 3644036411
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 544
  • View: 788
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Träume, die auf Video aufgenommen werden, Schreiben per Gedankensteuerung, Querschnittgelähmte, die Gliedmaßen wieder bewegen können - das alles gibt es schon. In den vergangenen 15 Jahren ist durch die Erfindung der Kernspintomografie eine Verbindung von Physik, Technik und Hirnforschung entstanden, die unser Wissen über Gehirn und Bewußtsein im Eiltempo gesteigert hat. Mithilfe komplexer Rechner und Maschinen werden wir in fernerer Zukunft Gedanken direkt aufzeichnen können, Musikstücke komponieren zum Beispiel oder Bücher verfassen. Via Internet könnten wir von Bewußtsein zu Bewußtsein kommunizieren. Es wird möglich sein, fremde Erinnerungen auf unser Hirn spielen und gute oder schlechte Gefühle. Unser Begriff von Bewußtsein und Intelligenz selbst und wird sich verändern. Wir stehen am Anfang einer wissenschaftlich-technischen Revolution, wohin wird sie uns führen? Michio Kaku entfaltet in diesem Buch ein grandioses Panorama des Wissens und der wissenschaftlichen Voraussage. Er hat sorgfältig recherchiert und dazu rund 300 Experten befragt. Manche denken weit voraus: Nicht auszuschließen, dass sich dereinst das Bewusstsein ganz vom Körper lösen lässt, um vielleicht auf fremden Planeten spazieren zu gehen. So faszinierend solche Entwicklungen sind, es wird schon jetzt Zeit, sie ethisch und politisch zu ordnen, erklärt der weltbekannte Physiker.

The Individual and Utopia

The Individual and Utopia

A Multidisciplinary Study of Humanity and Perfection

  • Author: Dr Clint Jones,Mr Cameron Ellis
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 1472428943
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 348
  • View: 7465
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Interdisciplinary in scope and bringing together work from around the world, The Individual and Utopia enquires after the nature of the utopian as citizen, demonstrating the inherent value of making the individual central to utopian theorizing and highlighting the methodologies necessary for examining the utopian individual. The various approaches employed reveal what it is to be an individual yoked by the idea of citizenship and challenge the ways that we have traditionally been taught to think of the individual as citizen. As such, it will appeal to scholars with interests in social theory, philosophy, literature, cultural studies, architecture and feminist thought, whose work intersects with political thought, utopian theorizing, or the study of humanity or human nature.

The Handbook of the Psychology of Communication Technology

The Handbook of the Psychology of Communication Technology

  • Author: S. Shyam Sundar
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118426525
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 600
  • View: 927
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The Handbook of the Psychology of Communication Technology offers an unparalleled source for seminal and cutting-edge research on the psychological aspects of communicating with and via emergent media technologies, with leading scholars providing insights that advance our knowledge on human-technology interactions. • A uniquely focused review of extensive research on technology and digital media from a psychological perspective • Authoritative chapters by leading scholars studying psychological aspects of communication technologies • Covers all forms of media from Smartphones to Robotics, from Social Media to Virtual Reality • Explores the psychology behind our use and abuse of modern communication technologies • New theories and empirical findings about ways in which our lives are transformed by digital media

The Evolution of Mind

The Evolution of Mind

Fundamental Questions and Controversies

  • Author: Steven W. Gangestad,Jeffry A. Simpson
  • Publisher: Guilford Press
  • ISBN: 1593854080
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 448
  • View: 5589
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An accessible reference, this book features short essays with selective references. Studies of evolutionary foundations of human nature have grown exponentially, so this body of knowledge is expanding rapidly. A wide range of eminent contributors promote synthesis across the social, behavioral, and life sciences.

Cyborg Selves

Cyborg Selves

A Theological Anthropology of the Posthuman

  • Author: Dr Jeanine Thweatt-Bates
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 1409481832
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 224
  • View: 8060
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What is the 'posthuman'? Is becoming posthuman inevitable-something which will happen to us, or something we will do to ourselves? Why do some long for it, while others fearfully reject it? These questions underscore the fact that the posthuman is a name for the unknown future, and therefore, not a single idea but a jumble of competing visions - some of which may be exciting, some of which may be frightening, and which is which depends on who you are, and what you desire to be. This book aims to clarify current theological and philosophical dialogue on the posthuman by arguing that theologians must pay attention to which form of the posthuman they are engaging, and to demonstrate that a 'posthuman theology' is not only possible, but desirable, when the vision of the posthuman is one which coincides with a theological vision of the human.

Annihilation from Within

Annihilation from Within

The Ultimate Threat to Nations

  • Author: Fred Charles Iklé
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 023151140X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 160
  • View: 1102
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In this eloquent and impassioned book, defense expert Fred Iklé predicts a revolution in national security that few strategists have grasped; fewer still are mindful of its historic roots. We are preoccupied with suicide bombers, jihadist terrorists, and rogue nations producing nuclear weapons, but these menaces are merely distant thunder that foretells the gathering storm. It is the dark side of technological progress that explains this emerging crisis. Globalization guarantees the spread of new technologies, whether beneficial or destructive, and this proliferation reaches beyond North Korea, Iran, and other rogue states. Our greatest threat is a cunning tyrant gaining possession of a few weapons of mass destruction. His purpose would not be to destroy landmarks, highjack airplanes, or attack railroad stations. He would annihilate a nation's government from within and assume dictatorial power. The twentieth century offers vivid examples of tyrants who have exploited major national disasters by rallying violent followers and intimidating an entire nation. To explain how we have become so vulnerable, Iklé turns to history. Some 250 years ago, science was freed from political and religious constraints, causing a cultural split in which one part of our culture remained animated by religion and politics while the other became guided by science. Since then, technological progress and the evolving political order march to different drummers. Science advances at an accelerating pace while religion and politics move along a zigzag course. This divergence will widen and endanger the survival of all nations. Drawing on his experience as a Washington insider, Iklé outlines practical measures that could readily be implemented to help us avert the worst disaster.

Globalization and the Posthuman

Globalization and the Posthuman

  • Author: William S. Haney II
  • Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • ISBN: 1443809446
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 173
  • View: 4281
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Globalization and the Posthuman argues that by globalizing posthumanism through biotechnology, particularly through the invasive interface of humans and machines, we may well interfere with and even undermine the innate quality of human psycho-physiology and the experience of the internal observer, the non-socially constructed self or pure consciousness. Furthermore, many features of globalization in-and-of itself—such as the fall of public man, the exterritorialization of capital, the loss of an impersonal public world to localized communities based on emotively shared interests—combined with the posthuman expansion of biotechnology will diminish our natural capacity to experience the self as knower and lead to an increase in global crime, sickness, accident rates and overall lack of harmony. The experience of the self comprises the unsayable secret of modern and postmodern literature and art, a secret that may soon become inaccessible if the world continues down the road of globalized infomania. The analysis of the consequences of globalization and the posthuman in this book is unique in that it will be the first to examine the interrelation between globalization, posthumanism and pure consciousness. Posthumanists define consciousness in a way that promotes the globalization of biotechnology without regard for its potential risks. This book explores the implications of the globalization of the posthuman model of consciousness. On the one hand, cognitive scientists tend to equate consciousness with subjectivity, which they associate with the thinking mind as an extension of the body, nature and culture; Eastern philosophy, on the other hand, distinguishes mind from consciousness, with mind defined as the content of consciousness. Bionic technology will have the effect of raising human metabolism and preventing the mind from settling down to the state of least excitation of consciousness. This book suggests that while conscious content is an indispensable aspect of both the human and posthuman condition, the thoughts, memories, feelings and perceptions of this content do not encompass a vital aspect of human nature attested to not only by the first-person experience of many millions of people around the world, but also by the records of both classical and modern contemplative traditions.

Affect and Artificial Intelligence

Affect and Artificial Intelligence

  • Author: Elizabeth A. Wilson
  • Publisher: University of Washington Press
  • ISBN: 9780295800004
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 200
  • View: 8116
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In 1950, Alan Turing, the British mathematician, cryptographer, and computer pioneer, looked to the future: now that the conceptual and technical parameters for electronic brains had been established, what kind of intelligence could be built? Should machine intelligence mimic the abstract thinking of a chess player or should it be more like the developing mind of a child? Should an intelligent agent only think, or should it also learn, feel, and grow? Affect and Artificial Intelligence is the first in-depth analysis of affect and intersubjectivity in the computational sciences. Elizabeth Wilson makes use of archival and unpublished material from the early years of AI (1945�70) until the present to show that early researchers were more engaged with questions of emotion than many commentators have assumed. She documents how affectivity was managed in the canonical works of Walter Pitts in the 1940s and Turing in the 1950s, in projects from the 1960s that injected artificial agents into psychotherapeutic encounters, in chess-playing machines from the 1940s to the present, and in the Kismet (sociable robotics) project at MIT in the 1990s.

Critical Digital Studies

Critical Digital Studies

A Reader, Second Edition

  • Author: Arthur Kroker,Marilouise Kroker
  • Publisher: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 1442666714
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 624
  • View: 5621
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Since its initial publication, Critical Digital Studies has proven an indispensable guide to understanding digitally mediated culture. Bringing together the leading scholars in this growing field, internationally renowned scholars Arthur and Marilouise Kroker present an innovative and interdisciplinary survey of the relationship between humanity and technology. The reader offers a study of our digital future, a means of understanding the world with new analytic tools and means of communication that are defining the twenty-first century. The second edition includes new essays on the impact of social networking technologies and new media. A new section – “New Digital Media” – presents important, new articles on topics including hacktivism in the age of digital power and the relationship between gaming and capitalism. The extraordinary range and depth of the first edition has been maintained in this new edition. Critical Digital Studies will continue to provide the leading edge to readers wanting to understand the complex intersection of digital culture and human knowledge.

The Dada Cyborg

The Dada Cyborg

Visions of the New Human in Weimar Berlin

  • Author: Matthew Biro
  • Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
  • ISBN: 0816636192
  • Category: Art
  • Page: 318
  • View: 9853
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In an era when technology, biology & culture are becoming ever more closely connected, 'The Dada Cyborg' explains how the cyborg as we know it today developed between 1918 & 1933 as German artists gave visual form to their utopian hopes & fantasies in a fearful response to World War I.

Understanding Creative Users of ICTs

Understanding Creative Users of ICTs

Users as Social Actors

  • Author: David Kurt Herold,Harmeet Sawhney,Leopoldina Fortunati
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135758433
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 120
  • View: 5488
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The disjuncture between the design intent of the developers of ICTs and the needs of the users has often led to surprising use of new technologies, as users have refused to become mere agents of the designers. Individual users have adopted their own uses of ICTs based on the complex webs of relations and meanings in which they function as social actors. Instead of adjusting these webs to new ICTs, they have fit the ICTs into their pre-existing social webs, often resulting in imaginative and creative uses of new technologies, not envisaged by the original designers. The contributions in this volume provide studies of such integrations of ICTs into the lives of human users, and demonstrate that such uses should not be regarded as 'faulty' or 'mistaken', merely because they 'fail' to meet the expectations of the original designers of the ICTs. Instead, human users should be given precedence over ICTs, and the creative uses of 'universal' technologies by individual users should be emphasised and studied, so as to move towards a better understanding and appreciation of the integration of ICTs into human lives. This book was originally published as special issue of The Information Society.

Deleuze and the Body

Deleuze and the Body

  • Author: Laura Guillaume
  • Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
  • ISBN: 0748688048
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 240
  • View: 3817
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This book will be important reading for those with an interest in Deleuze, but also in performance arts, film, and contemporary culture.

Brain, Mind and Internet

Brain, Mind and Internet

A Deep History and Future

  • Author: D. Staley
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137460954
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 101
  • View: 2957
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This essay places the emerging brain-Internet interface within a broad historical context: that the Internet represents merely the next stage in a very long history of human cognition whereby the brain couples with symbolic technologies. Understanding this 'deep history' provides a way to imagine the future of brain-Internet cognition.

Moral Machines

Moral Machines

Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

  • Author: Wendell Wallach,Colin Allen
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780199705962
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 288
  • View: 4377
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Computers are already approving financial transactions, controlling electrical supplies, and driving trains. Soon, service robots will be taking care of the elderly in their homes, and military robots will have their own targeting and firing protocols. Colin Allen and Wendell Wallach argue that as robots take on more and more responsibility, they must be programmed with moral decision-making abilities, for our own safety. Taking a fast paced tour through the latest thinking about philosophical ethics and artificial intelligence, the authors argue that even if full moral agency for machines is a long way off, it is already necessary to start building a kind of functional morality, in which artificial moral agents have some basic ethical sensitivity. But the standard ethical theories don't seem adequate, and more socially engaged and engaging robots will be needed. As the authors show, the quest to build machines that are capable of telling right from wrong has begun. Moral Machines is the first book to examine the challenge of building artificial moral agents, probing deeply into the nature of human decision making and ethics.

The Intelligent Web

The Intelligent Web

Search, smart algorithms, and big data

  • Author: Gautam Shroff
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191664626
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 320
  • View: 2778
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As we use the Web for social networking, shopping, and news, we leave a personal trail. These days, linger over a Web page selling lamps, and they will turn up at the advertising margins as you move around the Internet, reminding you, tempting you to make that purchase. Search engines such as Google can now look deep into the data on the Web to pull out instances of the words you are looking for. And there are pages that collect and assess information to give you a snapshot of changing political opinion. These are just basic examples of the growth of "Web intelligence", as increasingly sophisticated algorithms operate on the vast and growing amount of data on the Web, sifting, selecting, comparing, aggregating, correcting; following simple but powerful rules to decide what matters. While original optimism for Artificial Intelligence declined, this new kind of machine intelligence is emerging as the Web grows ever larger and more interconnected. Gautam Shroff takes us on a journey through the computer science of search, natural language, text mining, machine learning, swarm computing, and semantic reasoning, from Watson to self-driving cars. This machine intelligence may even mimic at a basic level what happens in the brain.