Search Results for "natural-history-a-selection-penguin-classics"

Pliny the Elder's Natural History

Pliny the Elder's Natural History

The Empire in the Encyclopedia

  • Author: Trevor Morgan Murphy
  • Publisher: Courier Corporation
  • ISBN: 9780199262885
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 233
  • View: 8723
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Pliny the Elder's 'Natural History' is unparalleled as a guide to the cultural meanings of everyday things in 1st-century Rome. Trevor Murphy reads the work not just for the information it contains, but to understand how and why Pliny collects and presents information as he does.

Selected Essays, Poems and Other Writings

Selected Essays, Poems and Other Writings

  • Author: A. S. Byatt,George Eliot
  • Publisher: Penguin UK
  • ISBN: 0141958723
  • Category: Literary Collections
  • Page: 544
  • View: 7341
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The works collected in this volume provide an illuminating introduction to George Eliot's incisive views on religion, art and science, and the nature and purpose of fiction. Essays such as 'Evangelical Teaching' show her rejecting her earlier religious beliefs, while 'Woman in France' questions conventional ideas about female virtues and marriage, and 'Notes on Form in Art' sets out theories of idealism and realism that she developed further in Middlemarch and Daniel Deronda. It also includes selections from Eliot's translations of works by Strauss and Feuerbach that challenged many ideas about Christianity; excerpts from her poems; and reviews of writers such as Wollstonecraft, Goethe and Browning. Wonderfully rich in imagery and observations, these pieces reveal the intellectual development of this most challenging and rewarding of writers.

Papers and Journals

Papers and Journals

  • Author: Soren Kierkegaard
  • Publisher: Penguin UK
  • ISBN: 0141958669
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 704
  • View: 6438
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One of the greatest thinkers of the nineteenth century, Søren Kierkegaard (1814-55) often expressed himself through pseudonyms and disguises. Taken from his personal writings, these private reflections reveal the development of his own thought and personality, from his time as a young student to the deep later internal conflict that formed the basis for his masterpiece of duality Either/Or and beyond. Expressing his beliefs with a freedom not seen in works he published during his lifetime, Kierkegaard here rejects for the first time his father's conventional Christianity and forges the revolutionary idea of the 'leap of faith' required for true religious belief. A combination of theoretical argument, vivid natural description and sharply honed wit, the Papers and Journals reveal to the full the passionate integrity of his lifelong efforts 'to find a truth which is truth for me'.

Pliny the Elder, Historia naturalis

Pliny the Elder, Historia naturalis

  • Author: Joyce Irene Whalley,Giuliano Amadei,National Art Library (Great Britain)
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 46
  • View: 7281
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Pliny the Elder: The Natural History Book VII (with Book VIII 1-34)

Pliny the Elder: The Natural History Book VII (with Book VIII 1-34)

  • Author: Pliny the Pliny the Elder
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1472521013
  • Category: History
  • Page: 272
  • View: 4777
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Pliny the Elder's Natural History is a vast encyclopaedia, surveying natural phenomena from cosmology to biology, medicine to magic. Direct observation, informed speculation and common knowledge are combined to present a key snapshot of ancient thought and the Romans' perspective on the world around them. Book VII of The Natural History provides a detailed examination of the human animal and is crucial to understanding the work as a whole. In Pliny's eyes, mankind 'for whose sake nature was created', represents the basis for which the natural world was founded and structured. As a result, the book provides valuable insight into the extraordinary complex of ideas and beliefs that were current in Pliny's era. One of the most interesting transitions of subject in The Natural History is that from man to animals (between Books VII and VIII) and for this reason the section on elephants at the beginning of Book VIII is included here, to show how Pliny moves on to his account of the animal he considers 'nearest to the human disposition'. This edition provides the full Latin text accompanied by commentary notes that provide linguistic help and explanations, plus vocabulary lists of Latin terms and an index of proper names. The in-depth introduction provides valuable details about the work's historical, scientific and literary context, as well as an overview of the work's legacy and reception.

Ashen Sky

Ashen Sky

The Letters of Pliny the Younger on the Eruption of Vesuvius

  • Author: Barry Moser,Benedicte Gilman
  • Publisher: Getty Publications
  • ISBN: 9780892369003
  • Category: Art
  • Page: 39
  • View: 1690
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Wood block prints accompany translations of the letters of Pliny the Younger, a description of the eruption of Mount Vesuvius, and brief profiles of the figures involved.

Selected Writings

Selected Writings

  • Author: Saint Hildegard,Mark Atherton
  • Publisher: Penguin UK
  • ISBN: 0140436049
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 253
  • View: 6970
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Profiles the twelfth-century German who became a nun and founded her own convent at Ruperstberg, and includes selections of her musical compositions, sermons, correspondence, and ideas in science, art, and architecture.

A Universal History of Iniquity

A Universal History of Iniquity

  • Author: Jorge Luis Borges,Andrew Hurley
  • Publisher: Penguin Classics
  • ISBN: 9780142437896
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 100
  • View: 936
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In his writing, Borges always combined high seriousness with a wicked sense of fun. Here he reveals his delight in re-creating (or making up) colorful stories from the Orient, the Islamic world, and the Wild West, as well as his horrified fascination with knife fights, political and personal betrayal, and bloodthirsty revenge. Sparkling with the sheer exuberant pleasure of story-telling, this collection marked the emergence of an utterly distinctive literary voice.

The Natural History of Selborne

The Natural History of Selborne

  • Author: Gilbert White
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Natural history
  • Page: 381
  • View: 9563
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José Martí

José Martí

Selected Writings

  • Author: José Martí
  • Publisher: Penguin
  • ISBN: 9780142437049
  • Category: Literary Collections
  • Page: 462
  • View: 3531
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José Martí (1853-1895) is the most renowned political and literary figure in the history of Cuba. A poet, essayist, orator, statesman, abolitionist, and the martyred revolutionary leader of Cuba's fight for independence from Spain, Martí lived in exile in New York for most of his adult life, earning his living as a foreign correspondent. Throughout the 1880s and early 1890s, Martí's were the eyes through which much of Latin America saw the United States. His impassioned, kaleidoscopic evocations of that period in U.S. history, the assassination of James Garfield, the opening of the Brooklyn Bridge, the execution of the Chicago anarchists, the lynching of the Italians in New Orleans, and much more, bring it rushing back to life. Organized chronologically, this collection begins with his early writings, including a thundering account of his political imprisonment in Cuba at age sixteen. The middle section focuses on his journalism, which offers an image of the United States in the nineteenth century, its way of life and system of government, that rivals anything written by de Tocqueville, Dickens, Trollope, or any other European commentator. Including generous selections of his poetry and private notebooks, the book concludes with his astonishing, hallucinatory final masterpiece, "War Diaries", never before translated into English.

The Wisdom Of Crowds

The Wisdom Of Crowds

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: Anchor
  • ISBN: 0385721706
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 306
  • View: 2281
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Looks at the theory that large groups have more collective intelligence than a smaller number of experts, drawing on a wide range of disciplines to offer insight into such topics as politics, business, and the environment.

A Book of English Essays

A Book of English Essays

  • Author: W. E. Williams
  • Publisher: Penguin Books India
  • ISBN: 9780140431537
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 378
  • View: 7222
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A survey of British prose presents notable essays by Bacon, Addison, Lamb, Stevenson, Priestley, Huxley, Pritchett, and others

Domesday Book

Domesday Book

A Complete Translation

  • Author: Ann Williams,G. H. Martin
  • Publisher: Penguin Classics
  • ISBN: 9780141439945
  • Category: History
  • Page: 1436
  • View: 2180
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Domesday Book has been described as 'the most valuable piece of antiquity possessed by any nation.' (David Hume) But a complete translation has never been available before at an affordable price. Penguin's edition will change that. Compiled in a matter of months in 1086 at the behest of William the Conqueror, Domesday quickly established itself as document of immense legal importance. It was last consulted for legal precedent in 1982. It is also the most remarkable portrait of England in thelate eleventh century. The publication of a complete translation of Great and Little Domesday is already being eagerly anticipated by historians. There are advance quotes from Norman Davies, Michael Wood, Roy Strong and Antonia Fraser.

On Friendship

On Friendship

  • Author: Michel de Montaigne
  • Publisher: Penguin
  • ISBN: 1101651156
  • Category: Family & Relationships
  • Page: 128
  • View: 8290
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From the 100-part Penguin Great Ideas series comes a rumination on relationships, courtesy of one of the most influential French Renaissance philosophers. Michel de Montaigne was the originator of the modern essay form; in these diverse pieces he expresses his views on friendship, contemplates the idea that man is no different from any animal, argues that all cultures should be respected, and attempts, by an exploration of himself, to understand the nature of humanity. Penguin Great Ideas: Throughout history, some books have changed the world. They have transformed the way we see ourselves—and each other. They have inspired debate, dissent, war, and revolution. They have enlightened, outraged, provoked, and comforted. They have enriched lives—and destroyed them. Now Penguin Great Ideas brings you the works of the great thinkers, pioneers, radicals, and visionaries whose ideas shook civilization and helped make us who we are. Other titles in the series include Niccolò Machiavelli's The Prince, Thomas Paine's Common Sense, and Charles Darwin's On Natural Selection.

The Book of Magic

The Book of Magic

From Antiquity to the Enlightenment

  • Author: Brian Copenhaver
  • Publisher: Penguin UK
  • ISBN: 0141393157
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 704
  • View: 6121
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'. . . as when iron is drawn to a magnet, camphor is sucked into hot air, crystal lights up in the Sun, sulfur and a volatile liquid are kindled by flame, an empty eggshell filled with dew is raised towards the Sun . . .' An odd feature of the Bible is that it is full of stories featuring forms of magic and possession - from Joseph battling with Pharaoh's wizards to the supernatural actions of Jesus and his disciples. As, over the following centuries, the Christian church attempted to stamp out 'deviant' practices, there was a persistent interest in magic that drew strength from this Biblical validation. A strange blend of mumbo-jumbo, fraud and deeply serious study, magic was central to the European Renaissance, fascinating many of its greatest figures. Brian Copenhaver's wonderful anthology will be welcomed by everyone from those with the most casual interest in the magical tradition to anyone drawn to the Renaissance and the tangled, arcane roots of the scientific tradition.

Selected Writings

Selected Writings

  • Author: Meister Eckhart
  • Publisher: Penguin UK
  • ISBN: 0141904607
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 336
  • View: 1922
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Composed during a critical time in the evolution of European intellectual life, the works of Meister Eckhart (c. 1260-1327) are some of the most powerful medieval attempts to achieve a synthesis between ancient Greek thought and the Christian faith. Writing with great rhetorical brilliance, Eckhart combines the neoplatonic concept of oneness - the idea that the ultimate principle of the universe is single and undivided - with his Christian belief in the Trinity, and considers the struggle to describe a perfect God through the imperfect medium of language. Fusing philosophy and religion with vivid originality and metaphysical passion, these works have intrigued and inspired philosophers and theologians from Hegel to Heidegger and beyond.

Leaf Defence

Leaf Defence

  • Author: Edward E. Farmer
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 0199671443
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 216
  • View: 3778
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Leaves are among the most abundant organs on earth and are a defining feature of most terrestrial ecosystems. However, a leaf is also a potential meal for a hungry animal and the question therefore arises, why does so much foliage survive in nature? What mechanisms protect leaves so that, on a global scale, only a relatively small proportion of living leaf material is consumed? Leaf survival is in large part due to two processes: firstly, leaf-eating organisms fall prey to predators (top-down pressure on the herbivore); secondly, leaves defend themselves (bottom-up pressure on the herbivore). Remarkably, these two types of event are often linked; they are controlled and coordinated by plants and the molecular mechanisms that underlie this are now beginning to emerge. This novel text focuses exclusively on the leaf, on the herbivorous organisms that attack leaves, and the mechanisms that plants use to defend these vital organs. It begins with an assessment of the scale of herbivory, before examining direct physical and chemical defences on leaf surfaces and within the leaf itself. Although some leaf defences are easily seen, most operate at the molecular level and are therefore invisible to the naked eye. Many of these recently elucidated mechanisms are described. Throughout the book, perspectives from both the laboratory and the field are combined. A central feature of the work is its emphasis on the coevolution of leaf defences and the digestive tracts of animals including humans, making the book of relevance in understanding the role of leaf defences in agriculture. Leaf Defence is suitable for senior undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in plant science, as well as a broader audience of biologists and biochemists seeking a comprehensive and authoritative overview of this exciting and emerging topic.

Epitome of Roman history

Epitome of Roman history

  • Author: Lucius Annaeus Florus,Edward Seymour Forster
  • Publisher: Loeb Classical Library
  • ISBN: 9780674992542
  • Category: History
  • Page: 381
  • View: 8436
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Florus, born apparently in Africa, lived in Spain and in Rome in Hadrian's time. He wrote, in brief pointed rhetorical style, a summary of Roman history (especially wars) in two books in order to show the greatness and decline of Roman morals. It is based chiefly on Livy. It was perhaps planned to reach his own times, but the extant work ends with Augustus's reign (30 BCE–14 CE). This Epitome is a useful rapid sketch of Roman military history. Poetry by Florus is also available in the Loeb Classical Library, in Minor Latin Poets, Volume II.

The Essential Rumi - reissue

The Essential Rumi - reissue

New Expanded Edition

  • Author: Coleman Barks
  • Publisher: Harper Collins
  • ISBN: 0062509586
  • Category: Poetry
  • Page: 416
  • View: 2361
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From the premier interpreter of Rumi comes the first definitive one-volume collection of the enduringly popular spiritual poetry by the extraordinary thirteenth-century Sufi mystic.