Search Results for "norms-in-international-relations"

Norms in International Relations

Norms in International Relations

The Struggle against Apartheid

  • Author: Audie Klotz
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 1501731653
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 200
  • View: 7411
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By explaining how the world community actively came to condemn apartheid, Norms in International Relations contributes to broader debates on the role of norms in global politics.

Domestic Politics and Norm Diffusion in International Relations

Domestic Politics and Norm Diffusion in International Relations

Ideas do not float freely

  • Author: Thomas Risse
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1317226690
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 318
  • View: 6891
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This book collects Thomas Risse's most important articles together in a single volume. Covering a wide range of issues – the end of the Cold War, transatlantic relations, the "democratic peace," human rights, governance in areas of limited statehood, Europeanization, European identity and public spheres, most recently comparative regionalism – it is testament to the breadth and excellence of this highly respected International Relations scholar's work. The collection is organized thematically – domestic politics and international relations, international sources of domestic change, and the diffusion of ideas and institutions – and a brand new introductory essay provides additional coherence. This text will be of key interest to scholars and students of International Relations, European Politics, and Comparative Politics.

Nationalism in International Relations

Nationalism in International Relations

Norms, Foreign Policy, and Enmity

  • Author: Douglas Woodwell
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
  • ISBN: 9781403984494
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 240
  • View: 2061
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Nationalism in International Relations analyzes how the politics of national identity and incompletely realized nation-states influence conflict between states within the international system. While scholars have traditionally focused on political institutions and power politics in their analysis of conflict patterns around the globe, this work examines the explosive role that ethnonational demographic patterns frequently play in promoting interstate distrust, tension, and occasional bloodshed. Employing quantitative analysis and focused case studies, Nationalism in International Studies makes the case for an understanding of regional security politics in many of the world's most contentious hotspots that both transcends and supplements traditional realist and liberal scholarship.

The Ethics of Destruction

The Ethics of Destruction

Norms and Force in International Relations

  • Author: Ward Thomas
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 0801471680
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 236
  • View: 3378
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Many assume that in international politics, and especially in war, "anything goes." Sherman famously declared war "is all hell." The implication behind the maxim is that in war there is no order, only chaos; no mercy, only cruelty; no restraint, only suffering. Ward Thomas finds that this "anything goes" view is demonstrably wrong. It neither reflects how most people talk about the use of force in international relations nor describes the way national leaders actually use military force. Events such as those in Europe during World War II, in the Persian Gulf War, and in Kosovo cannot be understood, he argues, until we realize that state behavior, even during wartime, is shaped by common understandings about what is ethically acceptable and unacceptable. Thomas makes extensive use of two cases—the assassination of foreign leaders and the aerial bombardment of civilians—to trace the relative influence of norms and interests. His insistence on interconnections between ethical principle and material power leads to a revised understanding of the role of normative factors in foreign policy and the ways in which power and interest shape the international system.

Against International Relations Norms

Against International Relations Norms

Postcolonial Perspectives

  • Author: Charlotte Epstein
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1317353668
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 218
  • View: 8469
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This volume uses the concept of ‘norms’ to initiate a long overdue conversation between the constructivist and postcolonial scholarships on how to appraise the ordering processes of international politics. Drawing together insights from a broad range of scholars, it evaluates what it means to theorise international politics from a postcolonial perspective, understood not as a unified body of thought or a new ‘-ism’ for IR, but as a ‘situated perspective’ offering ex-centred, post-Eurocentric sites for practices of situated critique. Through in-depth engagements with the norms constructivist scholarship, the contributors expose the theoretical, epistemological and practical erasures that have been implicitly effected by the uncritical adoption of ‘norms’ as the dominant lens for analysing the ideational dynamics of international politics. They show how these are often the very erasures that sustained the workings of colonisation in the first place, whose uneven power relations are thereby further sustained by the study of international politics. The volume makes the case for shifting from a static analysis of ‘norms’ to a dynamic and deeply historical understanding of the drawing of the initial line between the ‘normal’ and the ‘abnormal’ that served to exclude from focus the 'strange' and the unfamiliar that were necessarily brought into play in the encounters between the West and the rest of the world. A timely intervention, it will be of great interest to students and scholars of international relations, international relations theory and postcolonial scholarship.

Contestation and Constitution of Norms in Global International Relations

Contestation and Constitution of Norms in Global International Relations

  • Author: Antje Wiener
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107169526
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 273
  • View: 9659
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Examines the involvement of local actors in conflicts over global norms at the intersection between international relations and international law.

Norm Change in International Relations

Norm Change in International Relations

Linked Ecologies in UN Peacekeeping Operations

  • Author: John Karlsrud
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317374797
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 172
  • View: 6803
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In recent decades there have been several constructivist scholars who have looked at how norms change in international relations. However few have taken a closer look at the particular strategies that are employed to further change, or looked at the common factors that have been in play in these processes. This book seeks to further the debates by looking at both agency and structure in tandem. It focuses on the practices of linked ecologies (formal or informal alliances), undertaken by individuals who are the constitutive parts of norm change processes and who have moved between international organizations, academic institutions, think tanks, NGOs and member states. The book sheds new light on how norm change comes about, focusing on the practices of individual actors as well as collective ones. The book draws attention to the role of practices in UN peacekeeping missions and how these may create a bottom–up influence on norm change in UN peacekeeping, and the complex interplay between government and UN officials, applied and academic researchers, and civil society activists forming linked ecologies in processes of norm change. With this contribution, the study further expands the understanding of which actors have agency and what sources of authority they draw on in norm change processes in international organizations. A significant contribution to the study of international organizations and UN peacekeeping, as well as to the broader questions of global norms in IR, this work will be of interest to students and scholars of international relations alike.

Rules, Norms, and Decisions

Rules, Norms, and Decisions

On the Conditions of Practical and Legal Reasoning in International Relations and Domestic Affairs

  • Author: Friedrich V. Kratochwil
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521409711
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 328
  • View: 8782
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Classic thinkers in international law such as Grotius, Vattel, Pufendorf, Rousseau, Hume, and Habermas are interpreted in this assessment of the impact of norms on decision making.

Disarmament Diplomacy and Human Security

Disarmament Diplomacy and Human Security

Regimes, Norms and Moral Progress in International Relations

  • Author: Denise Garcia
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136824197
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 7804
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This book assesses how progress in disarmament diplomacy in the last decade has improved human security. In doing so, the book looks at three cases of the development of international norms in this arena. First, it traces how new international normative understandings have shaped the evolution of and support for an Arms Trade Treaty (the supply side of the arms trade); and, second, it examines the small arms international regime and examines a multilateral initiative that aims to address the demand side (by the Geneva Declaration); and, third, it examines the evolution of two processes to ban and regulate cluster munitions. The formation of international norms in these areas is a remarkable development, as it means that a domain that was previously thought to be the exclusive purview of states, i.e. how they procure and manage arms, has been penetrated by multiple influences from worldwide civil society. As a result, norms and treaties are being established to address the domain of arms, and states will have more multilateral restriction over their arms and less sovereignty in this domain. This book will be of much interest to students of the arms trade, international security, international law, human security and IR in general. Denise Garcia is Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science at Northeastern University, Boston. She is author of Small Arms and Security (Routledge 2006).

Sovereignty and Responsibility

Sovereignty and Responsibility

Power, Norms and Intervention in International Relations

  • Author: Jeremy Moses
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
  • ISBN: 9781137306807
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 216
  • View: 584
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For the past two decades, arguments in favour of the use of force for humanitarian purposes have rested heavily upon the concept of 'sovereignty as responsibility'. Yet the many complex challenges posed by crises in places such as Kosovo, Libya, Syria and Ukraine have illustrated the continuing failure of such normative arguments to transform the practice of international relations. This book responds to these theoretical and practical problems by drawing a sharp distinction between two strands of thought on the concept of sovereignty, one focused on power and the other on moral and legal responsibilities. Through analysis of case studies of Kosovo and Libya and consideration of the concept of the world state, the weaknesses and dangers of normative claims in support of humanitarian intervention are exposed and analysed.

Norm Contestation

Norm Contestation

Insights into Non-Conformity with Armed Conflict Norms

  • Author: Betcy Jose
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319693239
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 112
  • View: 7984
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This Brief uses the theory of norm contestation as a model for understanding variation in norm-related behavior in international relations. While most typical approaches to understanding norms view norms as stable structures and actor responses to them as unquestioned, in a global political climate where departures from expected behavior may occur, a more nuanced model is needed. By using a norm contestation framework that highlights norm fluidity and actor agency, this book expands the discussion, providing insight into divergent interpretations of norm violation and compliance and the dynamic nature of norms. The first two chapters introduce the norm contestation model, explain how it contributes to the literature on norm violations, and discuss the reasons for the cases discussed. Chapters Three and Four provide detailed case studies of the mechanisms of norm contestation as they apply to the civilian immunity and non-intervention norms. Chapter Five concludes by reconnecting the norm contestation model to the case studies and describing how it can be applied to norms other than those regulating armed conflict. It also discusses policy implications and avenues for future research. As such, this book will appeal to students and researchers working broadly on issues related to international relations theory, armed conflict, security studies, humanitarianism, human rights, international law, and global governance. It will also be of interest to policy-makers and practitioners interested in influencing the normative behavior of actors in diverse arenas.

Implementation and World Politics

Implementation and World Politics

How International Norms Change Practice

  • Author: Alexander Betts,Phil Orchard
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191021865
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 336
  • View: 2567
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A significant amount of International Relations scholarship examines the role of international norms in world politics. Existing work, though, focuses mainly on how these norms emerge and the process by which governments sign and ratify them. In conventional accounts, the story ends there. Yet, this tells us very little about the conditions under which these norms actually make any difference in practice. When do these norms actually change what happens on the ground? In order to address this analytical gap, the book develops an original conceptual framework for understanding the role of implementation in world politics. It applies this framework to explain variation in the impact of a range of people-centred norms relating to humanitarianism, human rights, and development. The book explores how the same international norms can have radically different effects in different national and local contexts, or within particular organizations, and in turn how this variation can have profound effects on people's lives. How do international norms change and adapt at implementation? Which actors and structures matter for shaping whether implementation actually takes place, and on whose terms? And what lessons can we derive from this for both International Relations theory and for international public policy-makers? Collectively, the chapters explore these themes by looking at three different types of norms - treaty norms, principle norms, and policy norms - across policy fields that include refugees, internal displacement, crimes against humanity, the use of mercenaries, humanitarian assistance, aid transparency, civilian protection, and the responsibility to protect.

Multi-Sourced Equivalent Norms in International Law

Multi-Sourced Equivalent Norms in International Law

  • Author: Tomer Broude,Yuval Shany
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1847316395
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 344
  • View: 907
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Recent decades have witnessed an impressive process of normative development in international law. Numerous new treaties have been concluded, at global and regional levels, establishing far-reaching international legal and regulatory regimes in important areas such as human rights, international trade, environmental protection, criminal law, intellectual property, and more. New political and judicial institutions have been established to develop, apply and adjudicate these rules. This trend has been accompanied by the growing consolidation of treaty norms into international custom, and increased references to international law in domestic settings. As a result of these developments, international relations have now reached an unprecedented level of normative density and intensity, but they have also given rise to the phenomenon of 'fragmentation'. The debate over the fragmentation of international law has largely focused on conflicts: conflicts of norms and conflicts of authority. However, the same developments that have given rise to greater conflict and contradiction in international law, have also produced a growing amount of normative equivalence between rules in different fields of international law. New treaty rules often echo existing international customary norms. Regional arrangements reinforce undertakings that already exist at the global level; and common concerns and solutions appear in many international legal fields. This book focuses on such instances of normative parallelism, developing the concept of 'multisourced equivalent norms' in international law, with contributions by leading international law experts exploring the legal and political implications of the concept in a variety of contexts that span the full spectrum of international legal norms and institutions. By concentrating on situations governed by a multitude of similar norms, the book emphasizes the importance of legal contexts and institutional settings to international law-interpretation and application.

Norms and Nannies

Norms and Nannies

The Impact of International Organizations on the Central and East European States

  • Author: Ronald Haly Linden
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 9780742516038
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 404
  • View: 2181
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As the Central and East European states seek to join the European Union and NATO, they face challenging demands to adhere to specific European norms and standards. In this first comprehensive analysis, contributors examine how this process operates in a variety of domains, including civil-military relations; social, labor, and regional relations; economic and information policies; and foreign policy. Each author considers what norms are generated by (or absent from) European international organizations; how they are communicated to prospective members; and, most important, what impact they have had on the policies and actions of individual countries as well as on the region as a whole. These on-the-ground studies provide the empirical foundation needed to support theories of norm diffusion, constructivism, and liberalism in international relations and comparative politics alike.

Women and States

Women and States

Norms and Hierarchies in International Society

  • Author: Ann E. Towns
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521768853
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 249
  • View: 2450
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Examines momentous changes over the last century which have advanced women's status around the globe.

Norms Without the Great Powers

Norms Without the Great Powers

International Law and Changing Social Standards in World Politics

  • Author: Adam Bower
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0192507176
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 2596
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Can multilateral treaties succeed in transforming conduct when they are rejected by the most powerful states in the international system? In the past two decades, coalitions of middle-power states and transnational civil society groups have negotiated binding legal agreements in the face of concerted opposition from China, Russia, andmost especiallythe United States. These instances of a so-called 'new diplomacy' reflect a deliberate attempt to use the language of international law to bypass great power objections in establishing new global standards. Yet critics have frequently derided such treaties as utopian and counter productive because they fail to include those states allegedly most capable of effectively managing complex international cooperation. Thus far no study has offered a systematic, comparative study of the promise, and limits, of multilateralism without the great powers. Norms Without the Great Powers addresses this gap through the presentation of a novel theoretical account and detailed empirical evidence regarding the implementation of two archetypal cases, the antipersonnel Mine Ban Treaty and International Criminal Court. Both treaties have substantially reshaped expectations and behaviour in their respective domains, but with important variation in the extent and breadth of their impact. These findings provide the impetus for assessing the prospects for similar strategies on other topics of contemporary global concern. This book offers a timely addition to the dynamic and growing literature on the practice and consequences of international governance and should appeal to academics, civil society experts, and foreign policy practitioners working in fields such as security, human rights, and the environment.

The Role of Law in International Politics

The Role of Law in International Politics

Essays in International Relations and International Law

  • Author: Michael Byers
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN: 9780199244027
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 354
  • View: 796
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This interdisciplinary volume examines the highly topical issue of the role international law plays in international politics today.

Social Theory of International Politics

Social Theory of International Politics

  • Author: Alexander Wendt
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107268435
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5307
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Drawing upon philosophy and social theory, Social Theory of International Politics develops a theory of the international system as a social construction. Alexander Wendt clarifies the central claims of the constructivist approach, presenting a structural and idealist worldview which contrasts with the individualism and materialism which underpins much mainstream international relations theory. He builds a cultural theory of international politics, which takes whether states view each other as enemies, rivals or friends as a fundamental determinant. Wendt characterises these roles as 'cultures of anarchy', described as Hobbesian, Lockean and Kantian respectively. These cultures are shared ideas which help shape state interests and capabilities, and generate tendencies in the international system. The book describes four factors which can drive structural change from one culture to another - interdependence, common fate, homogenization, and self-restraint - and examines the effects of capitalism and democracy in the emergence of a Kantian culture in the West.

Norms over Force

Norms over Force

The Enigma of European Power

  • Author: Z. Laïdi
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 023061406X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 179
  • View: 8235
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Can Europe defend its social model in a globalized world when the US, China, India and Russia are enhancing their national sovereignties and playing power politics? This original and informative book addresses such questions and considers if Europe, although it is not a 'super state', would be able to impose norms over force.

Disarmament Diplomacy and Human Security

Disarmament Diplomacy and Human Security

Regimes, Norms and Moral Progress in International Relations

  • Author: Denise Garcia
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 9780203830703
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 8221
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This book assesses how progress in disarmament diplomacy in the last decade has improved human security. In doing so, the book looks at three cases of the development of international norms in this arena. First, it traces how new international normative understandings have shaped the evolution of and support for an Arms Trade Treaty (the supply side of the arms trade); and, second, it examines the small arms international regime and examines a multilateral initiative that aims to address the demand side (by the Geneva Declaration); and, third, it examines the evolution of two processes to ban and regulate cluster munitions. The formation of international norms in these areas is a remarkable development, as it means that a domain that was previously thought to be the exclusive purview of states, i.e. how they procure and manage arms, has been penetrated by multiple influences from worldwide civil society. As a result, norms and treaties are being established to address the domain of arms, and states will have more multilateral restriction over their arms and less sovereignty in this domain. This book will be of much interest to students of the arms trade, international security, international law, human security and IR in general. Denise Garcia is Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science at Northeastern University, Boston. She is author of Small Arms and Security (Routledge 2006).