Search Results for "norms-in-international-relations"

Norms in International Relations

Norms in International Relations

The Struggle against Apartheid

  • Author: Audie Klotz
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 1501731653
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 200
  • View: 6627
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By explaining how the world community actively came to condemn apartheid, Norms in International Relations contributes to broader debates on the role of norms in global politics.

Contestation and Constitution of Norms in Global International Relations

Contestation and Constitution of Norms in Global International Relations

  • Author: Antje Wiener
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107169526
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 273
  • View: 474
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Examines the involvement of local actors in conflicts over global norms at the intersection between international relations and international law.

The Ethics of Destruction

The Ethics of Destruction

Norms and Force in International Relations

  • Author: Ward Thomas
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 0801471680
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 236
  • View: 7686
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Many assume that in international politics, and especially in war, "anything goes." Sherman famously declared war "is all hell." The implication behind the maxim is that in war there is no order, only chaos; no mercy, only cruelty; no restraint, only suffering. Ward Thomas finds that this "anything goes" view is demonstrably wrong. It neither reflects how most people talk about the use of force in international relations nor describes the way national leaders actually use military force. Events such as those in Europe during World War II, in the Persian Gulf War, and in Kosovo cannot be understood, he argues, until we realize that state behavior, even during wartime, is shaped by common understandings about what is ethically acceptable and unacceptable. Thomas makes extensive use of two cases—the assassination of foreign leaders and the aerial bombardment of civilians—to trace the relative influence of norms and interests. His insistence on interconnections between ethical principle and material power leads to a revised understanding of the role of normative factors in foreign policy and the ways in which power and interest shape the international system.

Norm Change in International Relations

Norm Change in International Relations

Linked Ecologies in UN Peacekeeping Operations

  • Author: John Karlsrud
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317374797
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 172
  • View: 8036
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In recent decades there have been several constructivist scholars who have looked at how norms change in international relations. However few have taken a closer look at the particular strategies that are employed to further change, or looked at the common factors that have been in play in these processes. This book seeks to further the debates by looking at both agency and structure in tandem. It focuses on the practices of linked ecologies (formal or informal alliances), undertaken by individuals who are the constitutive parts of norm change processes and who have moved between international organizations, academic institutions, think tanks, NGOs and member states. The book sheds new light on how norm change comes about, focusing on the practices of individual actors as well as collective ones. The book draws attention to the role of practices in UN peacekeeping missions and how these may create a bottom–up influence on norm change in UN peacekeeping, and the complex interplay between government and UN officials, applied and academic researchers, and civil society activists forming linked ecologies in processes of norm change. With this contribution, the study further expands the understanding of which actors have agency and what sources of authority they draw on in norm change processes in international organizations. A significant contribution to the study of international organizations and UN peacekeeping, as well as to the broader questions of global norms in IR, this work will be of interest to students and scholars of international relations alike.

Nationalism in International Relations

Nationalism in International Relations

Norms, Foreign Policy, and Enmity

  • Author: D. Woodwell
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230607209
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 223
  • View: 8296
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This book analyzes how the politics of national identity and incompletely realized nation-states influence conflict between states within the international system. Employing quantitative analysis and case studies, the book makes the case for an understanding of regional security politics that transcends traditional realist and liberal scholarship.

Disarmament Diplomacy and Human Security

Disarmament Diplomacy and Human Security

Regimes, Norms and Moral Progress in International Relations

  • Author: Denise Garcia
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 9780203830703
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 8047
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This book assesses how progress in disarmament diplomacy in the last decade has improved human security. In doing so, the book looks at three cases of the development of international norms in this arena. First, it traces how new international normative understandings have shaped the evolution of and support for an Arms Trade Treaty (the supply side of the arms trade); and, second, it examines the small arms international regime and examines a multilateral initiative that aims to address the demand side (by the Geneva Declaration); and, third, it examines the evolution of two processes to ban and regulate cluster munitions. The formation of international norms in these areas is a remarkable development, as it means that a domain that was previously thought to be the exclusive purview of states, i.e. how they procure and manage arms, has been penetrated by multiple influences from worldwide civil society. As a result, norms and treaties are being established to address the domain of arms, and states will have more multilateral restriction over their arms and less sovereignty in this domain. This book will be of much interest to students of the arms trade, international security, international law, human security and IR in general. Denise Garcia is Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science at Northeastern University, Boston. She is author of Small Arms and Security (Routledge 2006).

Domestic Politics and Norm Diffusion in International Relations

Domestic Politics and Norm Diffusion in International Relations

Ideas do not float freely

  • Author: Thomas Risse
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1317226690
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 318
  • View: 9390
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This book collects Thomas Risse's most important articles together in a single volume. Covering a wide range of issues – the end of the Cold War, transatlantic relations, the "democratic peace," human rights, governance in areas of limited statehood, Europeanization, European identity and public spheres, most recently comparative regionalism – it is testament to the breadth and excellence of this highly respected International Relations scholar's work. The collection is organized thematically – domestic politics and international relations, international sources of domestic change, and the diffusion of ideas and institutions – and a brand new introductory essay provides additional coherence. This text will be of key interest to scholars and students of International Relations, European Politics, and Comparative Politics.

The Power of Human Rights

The Power of Human Rights

International Norms and Domestic Change

  • Author: Stephen C. Ropp,Kathryn Sikkink
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521658829
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 318
  • View: 9433
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This book celebrated the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by showing how global human rights norms have influenced national government practices in eleven different countries around the world. Had the principles articulated in the Declaration had any effect on the behavior of states towards their citizens? What are the conditions under which international human rights norms are internalized in domestic practices? And what can we learn from this case about why, how, and under what conditions international norms in general influence the actions of states? This book draws on the work of social constructivists to examine these important issues. The contributors examine eleven countries representing five different world regions - Northern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia, Latin America, and Eastern Europe - drawing practical lessons for activists and policy makers concerned with preserving and extending the human rights gains made during the past fifty years.

Das Recht auf Rechtfertigung

Das Recht auf Rechtfertigung

Elemente einer konstruktivistischen Theorie der Gerechtigkeit

  • Author: Rainer Forst
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783518293621
  • Category: Constructivism (Philosophy)
  • Page: 413
  • View: 5074
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Kann es im Zeitalter des Pluralismus noch gelingen, eine hinreichend komplexe Theorie politischer und sozialer Gerechtigkeit mit Hilfe eines einzigen normativen Grundsatzes zu begründen? Dieses Buch unternimmt einen solchen Versuch, indem es die wesentlichen Elemente einer 'autonomen' Konstruktion der Gerechtigkeit zusammenträgt. Grundlegend ist dabei ein individuelles, moralisches Grund-Recht auf Rechtfertigung, das in den Kapiteln des ersten Teils in moralphilosophischer Perspektive expliziert wird. Im zweiten Teil werden dann die zentralen Bestandteile politischer und sozialer Gerechtigkeit - hinsichtlich der Grundbegriffe von Freiheit, Demokratie, Gleichheit und Toleranz - analysiert und verknüpft. Sie fügen sich zu einer kritischen, politischen Theorie der Gerechtigkeit, in der die Frage der 'Rechtfertigungsmacht' zentral ist. Dies gilt auch, wie die Beiträge im dritten Teil zeigen, für die Gerechtigkeit auf transnationaler Ebene.

Implementation and World Politics

Implementation and World Politics

How International Norms Change Practice

  • Author: Alexander Betts,Phil Orchard
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191021865
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 336
  • View: 8500
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A significant amount of International Relations scholarship examines the role of international norms in world politics. Existing work, though, focuses mainly on how these norms emerge and the process by which governments sign and ratify them. In conventional accounts, the story ends there. Yet, this tells us very little about the conditions under which these norms actually make any difference in practice. When do these norms actually change what happens on the ground? In order to address this analytical gap, the book develops an original conceptual framework for understanding the role of implementation in world politics. It applies this framework to explain variation in the impact of a range of people-centred norms relating to humanitarianism, human rights, and development. The book explores how the same international norms can have radically different effects in different national and local contexts, or within particular organizations, and in turn how this variation can have profound effects on people's lives. How do international norms change and adapt at implementation? Which actors and structures matter for shaping whether implementation actually takes place, and on whose terms? And what lessons can we derive from this for both International Relations theory and for international public policy-makers? Collectively, the chapters explore these themes by looking at three different types of norms - treaty norms, principle norms, and policy norms - across policy fields that include refugees, internal displacement, crimes against humanity, the use of mercenaries, humanitarian assistance, aid transparency, civilian protection, and the responsibility to protect.

Spiele der Wahrheit

Spiele der Wahrheit

Michel Foucaults Denken

  • Author: François Ewald,Bernhard Waldenfels
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Sujeto
  • Page: 339
  • View: 2211
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The Impact of Norms in International Society

The Impact of Norms in International Society

The Latin American Experience, 1881-2001

  • Author: Arie Marcelo Kacowicz
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 228
  • View: 5618
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This book addresses problems and puzzles associated with identifying international norms and the influence of these norms on the behavior of different states in international relations in a regional context. Arie M. Kacowicz's research traces several international norms of peace and security and examines their impact in Latin America between 1881 and 2001. He offers an original synthesis of positivist and constructivist approaches and links international relations, law, and ethics with Latin American diplomatic history. Kacowicz's primary argument is that a body of international norms of peace and security can be considered as an independent and dynamic factor that affects the quality of international society generally and also plays a significant role in regional contexts. In developing his argument, he analyzes the origin of international norms, the impact of norms on the domestic and foreign behavior of states, and the conditions under which regional norms affect the political behavior of states. international norms have affected the actions of Latin American states, ranging from the neutralization of the Magellan Straits in 1881, to the incorporation of Argentina, Chile, and Brazil into the Tlatelolco regime of a nuclear-weapons-free-zone in 1994, and the nuclear cooperation between Argentina and Brazil beginning in the late 1990s. These case-studies include stories of success through peaceful resolutions of conflict between states, of failure, and mixtures of both. Scholars and students of international relations and Latin America will find this book to be both a valuable analysis of international norms and a compelling diplomatic history.

Women and States

Women and States

Norms and Hierarchies in International Society

  • Author: Ann E. Towns
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521768853
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 249
  • View: 9643
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Examines momentous changes over the last century which have advanced women's status around the globe.

Against International Relations Norms

Against International Relations Norms

Postcolonial Perspectives

  • Author: Charlotte Epstein
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1317353668
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 218
  • View: 2144
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This volume uses the concept of ‘norms’ to initiate a long overdue conversation between the constructivist and postcolonial scholarships on how to appraise the ordering processes of international politics. Drawing together insights from a broad range of scholars, it evaluates what it means to theorise international politics from a postcolonial perspective, understood not as a unified body of thought or a new ‘-ism’ for IR, but as a ‘situated perspective’ offering ex-centred, post-Eurocentric sites for practices of situated critique. Through in-depth engagements with the norms constructivist scholarship, the contributors expose the theoretical, epistemological and practical erasures that have been implicitly effected by the uncritical adoption of ‘norms’ as the dominant lens for analysing the ideational dynamics of international politics. They show how these are often the very erasures that sustained the workings of colonisation in the first place, whose uneven power relations are thereby further sustained by the study of international politics. The volume makes the case for shifting from a static analysis of ‘norms’ to a dynamic and deeply historical understanding of the drawing of the initial line between the ‘normal’ and the ‘abnormal’ that served to exclude from focus the 'strange' and the unfamiliar that were necessarily brought into play in the encounters between the West and the rest of the world. A timely intervention, it will be of great interest to students and scholars of international relations, international relations theory and postcolonial scholarship.

Sozialer Sinn

Sozialer Sinn

Kritik der theoretischen Vernunft

  • Author: Pierre Bourdieu
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783518286661
  • Category:
  • Page: 503
  • View: 7602
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Bourdieu in International Relations

Bourdieu in International Relations

Rethinking Key Concepts in IR

  • Author: Rebecca Adler-Nissen
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136239235
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 248
  • View: 3513
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This book rethinks the key concepts of International Relations by drawing on the work of Pierre Bourdieu. The last few years have seen a genuine wave of publications promoting sociology in international relations. Scholars have suggested that Bourdieu’s vocabulary can be applied to study security, diplomacy, migration and global environmental politics. Yet we still lack a systematic and accessible analysis of what Bourdieu-inspired IR might look like. This book provides the answer. It offers an introduction to Bourdieu’s thinking to a wider IR audience, challenges key assumptions, which currently structure IR scholarship – and provides an original, theoretical restatement of some of the core concepts in the field. The book brings together a select group of leading IR scholars who draw on both theoretical and empirical insights from Bourdieu. Each chapter covers one central concept in IR: Methodology, Knowledge, Power, Strategy, Security, Culture, Gender, Norms, Sovereignty and Integration. The chapters demonstrate how these concepts can be reinterpreted and used in new ways when exposed to Bourdieusian logic. Challenging key pillars of IR scholarship, Bourdieu in International Relations will be of interest to critical theorists, and scholars of IR theory.

Constructivism in International Relations

Constructivism in International Relations

The Politics of Reality

  • Author: Maja Zehfuss
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521894661
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 289
  • View: 7987
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Maja Zehfuss' book offers a fundamental critique of constructivism, focusing on the work of Wendt, Onuf and Kratochwil. Using Germany's shift towards participation in international military operations as an illustration, she demonstrates why each version of constructivism fails in its own project and comes apart on the basis of its own assumptions. Inspired by Derridean thought, this book highlights the political consequences of constructivist representations of reality. Each critique concludes that constructivist notions of key concepts are impossible, and that this is not merely a question of theoretical inconsistency, but of politics. The book is premised on the notion that the 'empirical' and the 'theoretical' are less separate than is acknowledged in international relations, and must be read as intertwined. Zehfuss examines the scholars' role in international relations, worrying that, by looking to constructivism as the future, they will be severely curtailing their ability to act responsibly in this area.

Norms and Nannies

Norms and Nannies

The Impact of International Organizations on the Central and East European States

  • Author: Ronald Haly Linden
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 9780742516038
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 404
  • View: 2074
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As the Central and East European states seek to join the European Union and NATO, they face challenging demands to adhere to specific European norms and standards. In this first comprehensive analysis, contributors examine how this process operates in a variety of domains, including civil-military relations; social, labor, and regional relations; economic and information policies; and foreign policy. Each author considers what norms are generated by (or absent from) European international organizations; how they are communicated to prospective members; and, most important, what impact they have had on the policies and actions of individual countries as well as on the region as a whole. These on-the-ground studies provide the empirical foundation needed to support theories of norm diffusion, constructivism, and liberalism in international relations and comparative politics alike.

Deviance in International Relations

Deviance in International Relations

'Rogue States' and International Security

  • Author: W. Wagner,W. Werner,M. Onderco
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137357274
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 215
  • View: 2070
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Rogue states' have been high on the policy agenda for many years but their theoretical significance for international relations has remained poorly understood. In contrast to the bulk of writings on 'rogue states' that address them merely as a policy challenge, this book studies what we can learn from deviance about international politics.