Search Results for "obfuscation-a-user-s-guide-for-privacy-and-protest-mit-press"

Obfuscation

Obfuscation

A User's Guide for Privacy and Protest

  • Author: Finn Brunton,Helen Nissenbaum
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262331322
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 136
  • View: 2197
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With Obfuscation, Finn Brunton and Helen Nissenbaum mean to start a revolution. They are calling us not to the barricades but to our computers, offering us ways to fight today's pervasive digital surveillance -- the collection of our data by governments, corporations, advertisers, and hackers. To the toolkit of privacy protecting techniques and projects, they propose adding obfuscation: the deliberate use of ambiguous, confusing, or misleading information to interfere with surveillance and data collection projects. Brunton and Nissenbaum provide tools and a rationale for evasion, noncompliance, refusal, even sabotage -- especially for average users, those of us not in a position to opt out or exert control over data about ourselves. Obfuscation will teach users to push back, software developers to keep their user data safe, and policy makers to gather data without misusing it.Brunton and Nissenbaum present a guide to the forms and formats that obfuscation has taken and explain how to craft its implementation to suit the goal and the adversary. They describe a series of historical and contemporary examples, including radar chaff deployed by World War II pilots, Twitter bots that hobbled the social media strategy of popular protest movements, and software that can camouflage users' search queries and stymie online advertising. They go on to consider obfuscation in more general terms, discussing why obfuscation is necessary, whether it is justified, how it works, and how it can be integrated with other privacy practices and technologies.

Obfuscation

Obfuscation

A User's Guide for Privacy and Protest

  • Author: Helen Nissenbaum
  • Publisher: Mit Press
  • ISBN: 9780262529860
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 136
  • View: 4699
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With "Obfuscation," Finn Brunton and Helen Nissenbaum mean to start a revolution. They are calling us not to the barricades but to our computers, offering us ways to fight today's pervasive digital surveillance -- the collection of our data by governments, corporations, advertisers, and hackers. To the toolkit of privacy protecting techniques and projects, they propose adding obfuscation: the deliberate use of ambiguous, confusing, or misleading information to interfere with surveillance and data collection projects. Brunton and Nissenbaum provide tools and a rationale for evasion, noncompliance, refusal, even sabotage -- especially for average users, those of us not in a position to opt out or exert control over data about ourselves. "Obfuscation" will teach users to push back, software developers to keep their user data safe, and policy makers to gather data without misusing it. Brunton and Nissenbaum present a guide to the forms and formats that obfuscation has taken and explain how to craft its implementation to suit the goal and the adversary. They describe a series of historical and contemporary examples, including radar chaff deployed by World War II pilots, Twitter bots that hobbled the social media strategy of popular protest movements, and software that can camouflage users' search queries and stymie online advertising. They go on to consider obfuscation in more general terms, discussing why obfuscation is necessary, whether it is justified, how it works, and how it can be integrated with other privacy practices and technologies.

Obfuscation

Obfuscation

A User's Guide for Privacy and Protest

  • Author: Finn Brunton,Helen Nissenbaum
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 9780262029735
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 136
  • View: 5997
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How we can evade, protest, and sabotage today's pervasive digital surveillance by deploying more data, not less—and why we should. With Obfuscation, Finn Brunton and Helen Nissenbaum mean to start a revolution. They are calling us not to the barricades but to our computers, offering us ways to fight today's pervasive digital surveillance—the collection of our data by governments, corporations, advertisers, and hackers. To the toolkit of privacy protecting techniques and projects, they propose adding obfuscation: the deliberate use of ambiguous, confusing, or misleading information to interfere with surveillance and data collection projects. Brunton and Nissenbaum provide tools and a rationale for evasion, noncompliance, refusal, even sabotage—especially for average users, those of us not in a position to opt out or exert control over data about ourselves. Obfuscation will teach users to push back, software developers to keep their user data safe, and policy makers to gather data without misusing it. Brunton and Nissenbaum present a guide to the forms and formats that obfuscation has taken and explain how to craft its implementation to suit the goal and the adversary. They describe a series of historical and contemporary examples, including radar chaff deployed by World War II pilots, Twitter bots that hobbled the social media strategy of popular protest movements, and software that can camouflage users' search queries and stymie online advertising. They go on to consider obfuscation in more general terms, discussing why obfuscation is necessary, whether it is justified, how it works, and how it can be integrated with other privacy practices and technologies.

Astro Noise

Astro Noise

A Survival Guide for Living Under Total Surveillance

  • Author: Laura Poitras,Jay Sanders,Lakhdar Boumediene,Cory Doctorow,Kate Crawford
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 030021765X
  • Category: Art
  • Page: 256
  • View: 8821
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Published on the occasion of the the exhibition "Laura Poitras: Astro Noise," at the Whitney Museum of American Art, February 5 - May 15, 2016.

Spam

Spam

A Shadow History of the Internet

  • Author: Finn Brunton
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 026201887X
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 270
  • View: 9635
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What spam is, how it works, and how it has shaped online communities and the Internet itself.

Persuasion and Privacy in Cyberspace

Persuasion and Privacy in Cyberspace

The Online Protests Over Lotus Marketplace and the Clipper Chip

  • Author: Laura J. Gurak
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 9780300078640
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 198
  • View: 7040
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What happens when the Internet is used as a forum for public debate? Does the speed and power of computer-mediated communication foster democratic discourse and protest? This fascinating book examines two examples of social action on the Internet in order to evaluate the impact of the Net on our social and political life.

Privacy

Privacy

What Everyone Needs to Know®

  • Author: Leslie P. Francis,John G. Francis
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190612282
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 224
  • View: 759
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We live more and more of our lives online; we rely on the internet as we work, correspond with friends and loved ones, and go through a multitude of mundane activities like paying bills, streaming videos, reading the news, and listening to music. Without thinking twice, we operate with the understanding that the data that traces these activities will not be abused now or in the future. There is an abstract idea of privacy that we invoke, and, concrete rules about our privacy that we can point to if we are pressed. Nonetheless, too often we are uneasily reminded that our privacy is not invulnerable-the data tracks we leave through our health information, the internet and social media, financial and credit information, personal relationships, and public lives make us continuously prey to identity theft, hacking, and even government surveillance. A great deal is at stake for individuals, groups, and societies if privacy is misunderstood, misdirected, or misused. Popular understanding of privacy doesn't match the heat the concept generates. With a host of cultural differences as to how privacy is understood globally and in different religions, and with ceaseless technological advancements, it is an increasingly complex topic. In this clear and accessible book, Leslie and John G. Francis guide us to an understanding of what privacy can mean and why it is so important. Drawing upon their extensive joint expertise in law, philosophy, political science, regulatory policy, and bioethics, they parse the consequences of the forfeiture, however great or small, of one's privacy.

The Politics of Bitcoin

The Politics of Bitcoin

Software as Right-Wing Extremism

  • Author: David Golumbia
  • Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
  • ISBN: 1452953813
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 100
  • View: 1377
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Since its introduction in 2009, Bitcoin has been widely promoted as a digital currency that will revolutionize everything from online commerce to the nation-state. Yet supporters of Bitcoin and its blockchain technology subscribe to a form of cyberlibertarianism that depends to a surprising extent on far-right political thought. The Politics of Bitcoin exposes how much of the economic and political thought on which this cryptocurrency is based emerges from ideas that travel the gamut, from Milton Friedman, F.A. Hayek, and Ludwig von Mises to Federal Reserve conspiracy theorists. Forerunners: Ideas First is a thought-in-process series of breakthrough digital publications. Written between fresh ideas and finished books, Forerunners draws on scholarly work initiated in notable blogs, social media, conference plenaries, journal articles, and the synergy of academic exchange. This is gray literature publishing: where intense thinking, change, and speculation take place in scholarship.

Privacy in the Age of Big Data

Privacy in the Age of Big Data

Recognizing Threats, Defending Your Rights, and Protecting Your Family

  • Author: Theresa Payton,Ted Claypoole
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 1442225467
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 276
  • View: 381
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Digital data collection and surveillance is pervasive and no one can protect your privacy without your help. Before you can help yourself, you need to understand the new technologies, what benefits they provide, and what trade-offs they require. Some of those trade-offs – privacy for convenience – could be softened by our own behavior or be reduced by legislation if we fight for it. This book analyzes why privacy is important to all of us, and it describes the technologies that place your privacy most at risk, starting with modern computing and the Internet.

Liquid Surveillance

Liquid Surveillance

A Conversation

  • Author: Zygmunt Bauman,David Lyon
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0745664024
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 152
  • View: 6251
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‘Today the smallest details of our daily lives are tracked and traced more closely than ever before, and those who are monitored often cooperate willingly with the monitors. From London and New York to New Delhi, Shanghai and Rio de Janeiro, video cameras are a familiar and accepted sight in public places. Air travel now commonly involves devices such as body-scanners and biometric checks that have proliferated in the wake of 9/11. And every day Google and credit-card issuers note the details of our habits, concerns and preferences, quietly prompting customized marketing strategies with our active, all too often zealous cooperation. In today’s liquid modern world, the paths of daily life are mobile and flexible. Crossing national borders is a commonplace activity and immersion in social media increasingly ubiquitous. Today’s citizens, workers, consumers and travellers are always on the move but often lacking certainty and lasting bonds. But in this world where spaces may not be fixed and time is boundless, our perpetual motion does not go unnoticed. Surveillance spreads in hitherto unimaginable ways, responding to and reproducing the slippery nature of modern life, seeping into areas where it once had only marginal sway. In this book the surveillance analysis of David Lyon meets the liquid modern world so insightfully dissected by Zygmunt Bauman. Is a dismal future of moment-by-moment monitoring closing in, or are there still spaces of freedom and hope? How do we realize our responsibility for the human beings before us, often lost in discussions of data and categorization? Dealing with questions of power, technology and morality, this book is a brilliant analysis of what it means to be watched – and watching – today.

Privacy in Context

Privacy in Context

Technology, Policy, and the Integrity of Social Life

  • Author: Helen Nissenbaum
  • Publisher: Stanford University Press
  • ISBN: 0804772894
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 304
  • View: 3552
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Privacy is one of the most urgent issues associated with information technology and digital media. This book claims that what people really care about when they complain and protest that privacy has been violated is not the act of sharing information itself—most people understand that this is crucial to social life —but the inappropriate, improper sharing of information. Arguing that privacy concerns should not be limited solely to concern about control over personal information, Helen Nissenbaum counters that information ought to be distributed and protected according to norms governing distinct social contexts—whether it be workplace, health care, schools, or among family and friends. She warns that basic distinctions between public and private, informing many current privacy policies, in fact obscure more than they clarify. In truth, contemporary information systems should alarm us only when they function without regard for social norms and values, and thereby weaken the fabric of social life.

Shareveillance

Shareveillance

The Dangers of Openly Sharing and Covertly Collecting Data

  • Author: Clare Birchall
  • Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
  • ISBN: 1452956375
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 86
  • View: 1126
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Cracking open the politics of transparency and secrecy In an era of open data and ubiquitous dataveillance, what does it mean to “share”? This book argues that we are all “shareveillant” subjects, called upon to be transparent and render data open at the same time as the security state invests in practices to keep data closed. Drawing on Jacques Rancière’s “distribution of the sensible,” Clare Birchall reimagines sharing in terms of a collective political relationality beyond the veillant expectations of the state.

Values at Play in Digital Games

Values at Play in Digital Games

  • Author: Mary Flanagan,Helen Nissenbaum
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262324458
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 224
  • View: 7412
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All games express and embody human values, providing a compelling arena in which we play out beliefs and ideas. "Big ideas" such as justice, equity, honesty, and cooperation -- as well as other kinds of ideas, including violence, exploitation, and greed -- may emerge in games whether designers intend them or not. In this book, Mary Flanagan and Helen Nissenbaum present Values at Play, a theoretical and practical framework for identifying socially recognized moral and political values in digital games. Values at Play can also serve as a guide to designers who seek to implement values in the conception and design of their games. After developing a theoretical foundation for their proposal, Flanagan and Nissenbaum provide detailed examinations of selected games, demonstrating the many ways in which values are embedded in them. They introduce the Values at Play heuristic, a systematic approach for incorporating values into the game design process. Interspersed among the book's chapters are texts by designers who have put Values at Play into practice by accepting values as a design constraint like any other, offering a real-world perspective on the design challenges involved.

Cybersecurity

Cybersecurity

What Everyone Needs to Know

  • Author: Peter W. Singer,Allan Friedman
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199918112
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 306
  • View: 4402
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An authoritative, single-volume introduction to cybersecurity addresses topics ranging from phishing and electrical-grid takedowns to cybercrime and online freedom, sharing illustrative anecdotes to explain how cyberspace security works and what everyday people can do to protect themselves. Simultaneous.

Media Resistance

Media Resistance

Protest, Dislike, Abstention

  • Author: Trine Syvertsen
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 331946499X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 153
  • View: 2364
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This book is open access under a CC BY license. New media divide opinion; many are fascinated while others are disgusted. This book is about those who dislike, protest, and try to abstain from media, both new and old. It explains why media resistance persists and answers two questions: What is at stake for resisters and how does media resistance inspire organized action? Despite the interest in media scepticism and dislike, there seems to be no book on the market discussing media resistance as a phenomenon in its own right. This book explores resistance across media, historical periods and national borders, from early mass media to current digital media. Drawing on cases and examples from the US, Britain, Scandinavia and other countries, media resistance is discussed as a diverse phenomenon encompassing political, professional, networked and individual arguments and actions.

The Future of Learning Institutions in a Digital Age

The Future of Learning Institutions in a Digital Age

  • Author: Cathy N. Davidson,David Theo Goldberg
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262258137
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 88
  • View: 4481
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In this report, Cathy Davidson and David Theo Goldberg focus on the potential for shared and interactive learning made possible by the Internet. They argue that the single most important characteristic of the Internet is its capacity for world-wide community and the limitless exchange of ideas. The Internet brings about a way of learning that is not new or revolutionary but is now the norm for today's graduating high school and college classes. It is for this reason that Davidson and Goldberg call on us to examine potential new models of digital learning and rethink our virtually enabled and enhanced learning institutions.This report is available in a free digital edition on the MIT Press website at http://mitpress.mit.edu/9780262513593.John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Reports on Digital Media and Learning

Critical Multimodal Studies of Popular Discourse

Critical Multimodal Studies of Popular Discourse

  • Author: Emilia Djonov,Sumin Zhao
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136249028
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 272
  • View: 2497
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Studies of multimodality have significantly advanced our understanding of the potential of different semiotic resources—verbal, visual, aural, and kinetic—to make meaning and allow people to achieve various social purposes such as persuading, entertaining, and explaining. Yet little is known about the role that individual nonverbal resources and their interaction with language and with each other play in concealing and supporting, or drawing attention to and subverting, social boundaries and inequality, political or commercial agendas. This volume brings together contributions by rominent and emerging scholars that address this gap through the critical analysis of multimodality in popular culture texts and semiotic practices. It connects multimodal analysis to critical discourse analysis, demonstrating the value of different approaches to multimodality for building a better understanding of critical issues of central interest to discourse analysis, semiotics, applied linguistics, education, cultural and media studies.

The Stuff of Bits

The Stuff of Bits

An Essay on the Materialities of Information

  • Author: Paul Dourish
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262340135
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 256
  • View: 9167
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Virtual entities that populate our digital experience, like e-books, virtual worlds, and online stores, are backed by the large-scale physical infrastructures of server farms, fiber optic cables, power plants, and microwave links. But another domain of material constraints also shapes digital living: the digital representations sketched on whiteboards, encoded into software, stored in databases, loaded into computer memory, and transmitted on networks. These digital representations encode aspects of our everyday world and make them available for digital processing. The limits and capacities of those representations carry significant consequences for digital society. In The Stuff of Bits, Paul Dourish examines the specific materialities that certain digital objects exhibit. He presents four case studies: emulation, the creation of a "virtual" computer inside another; digital spreadsheets and their role in organizational practice; relational databases and the issue of "the databaseable"; and the evolution of digital networking and the representational entailments of network protocols. These case studies demonstrate how a materialist account can offer an entry point to broader concerns -- questions of power, policy, and polity in the realm of the digital.

Metasploit

Metasploit

The Penetration Tester's Guide

  • Author: Jim O'Gorman,Devon Kearns,Mati Aharoni
  • Publisher: No Starch Press
  • ISBN: 159327288X
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 328
  • View: 5717
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"The Metasploit Framework makes discovering, exploiting, and sharing vulnerabilities quick and relatively painless. But while Metasploit is used by security professionals everywhere, documentation is lacking and the tool can be hard to grasp for first-time users. Metasploit: A Penetration Tester's Guide fills this gap by teaching you how to harness the Framework, use its many features, and interact with the vibrant community of Metasploit contributors. The authors begin by building a foundation for penetration testing and establishing a fundamental methodology. From there, they explain the Framework's conventions, interfaces, and module system, as they show you how to assess networks with Metasploit by launching simulated attacks. Having mastered the essentials, you'll move on to advanced penetration testing techniques, including network reconnaissance and enumeration, client-side attacks, devastating wireless attacks, and targeted social engineering attacks. Metasploit: A Penetration Tester's Guide willteach you how to: Find and exploit unmaintained, misconfigured, and unpatched systems Perform reconnaissance and find valuable information about your target Bypass anti-virus technologies and circumvent security controls Integrate Nmap, NeXpose, and Nessus with Metasploit to automate discovery Use the Meterpreter shell to launch further attacks from inside the network Harness standalone Metasploit utilities, third-party tools, and plug-ins Learn how to write your own Meterpreter post exploitation modules and scripts You'll even touch on exploit discovery for zero-day research, write a fuzzer, port existing exploits into the Framework, and learn how to cover your tracks. Whether your goal is to make your own networks more secure or to put someone else's to the test, Metasploit: A Penetration Tester's Guide will take you there and beyond"--

It's Complicated

It's Complicated

The Social Lives of Networked Teens

  • Author: danah boyd
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 0300166311
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 281
  • View: 1249
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Surveys the online social habits of American teens and analyzes the role technology and social media plays in their lives, examining common misconceptions about such topics as identity, privacy, danger, and bullying.