Search Results for "oikos-and-market-explorations-in-self-sufficiency-after-socialism-max-planck-studies-in-anthropology-and-economy"

Oikos and Market

Oikos and Market

Explorations in Self-Sufficiency after Socialism

  • Author: Stephen Gudeman,Chris Hann
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 1782386963
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 204
  • View: 5722
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Self-sufficiency of the house is practiced in many parts of the world but ignored in economic theory, just as socialist collectivization is assumed to have brought household self-sufficiency to an end. The ideals of self-sufficiency, however, continue to shape economic activity in a wide range of postsocialist settings. This volume's six comparative studies of postsocialist villages in Eastern Europe and Asia illuminate the enduring importance of the house economy, which is based not on the market but on the order of the house. These formations show that economies depend not only on the macro institutions of markets and states but also on the micro institutions of families, communities, and house economies, often in an uneasy relationship.

Handbook of Sustainability in Management Education

Handbook of Sustainability in Management Education

In Search of a Multidisciplinary, Innovative and Integrated Approach

  • Author: Jorge A. Arevalo,Shelley F. Mitchell
  • Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 1785361244
  • Category:
  • Page: 704
  • View: 9004
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This Handbook strives to enhance knowledge and application within sustainability in management education (SiME) across different academic programs, geographic regions and personal/professional contexts. Cross-disciplinary and boundary-spanning, this book focuses on specific themes and is therefore split into four distinct sections: one on theory and practice, one on transformational interventions in business programs, one on the role of external agents and the last on innovative approaches in SiME.

Economy and Ritual

Economy and Ritual

  • Author: Stephen Gudeman,Chris Hann
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 1785335197
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 214
  • View: 7383
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According to accepted wisdom, rational practices and ritual action are opposed. Rituals drain wealth from capital investment and draw on a mode of thought different from practical ideas. The studies in this volume contest this view. Comparative, historical, and contemporary, the six ethnographies extend from Macedonia to Kyrgyzstan. Each one illuminates the economic and ritual changes in an area as it emerged from socialism and (re-)entered market society. Cutting against the idea that economy only means markets and that market action exhausts the meaning of economy, the studies show that much of what is critical for a people's economic life takes place outside markets and hinges on ritual, understood as the negation of the everyday world of economising.

When Things Become Property

When Things Become Property

Land Reform, Authority and Value in Postsocialist Europe and Asia

  • Author: Thomas Sikor,Stefan Dorondel,Johannes Stahl,Phuc Xuan To
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 1785334522
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 250
  • View: 5513
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Governments have conferred ownership titles to many citizens throughout the world in an effort to turn things into property. Almost all elements of nature have become the target of property laws, from the classic preoccupation with land to more ephemeral material, such as air and genetic resources. When Things Become Property interrogates the mixed outcomes of conferring ownership by examining postsocialist land and forest reforms in Albania, Romania and Vietnam, and finds that property reforms are no longer, if they ever were, miracle tools available to governments for refashioning economies, politics or environments.

When Things Become Property

When Things Become Property

Land Reform, Authority and Value in Postsocialist Europe and Asia

  • Author: Thomas Sikor,Stefan Dorondel,Johannes Stahl,Phuc Xuan To
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 1785334522
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 250
  • View: 5663
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Governments have conferred ownership titles to many citizens throughout the world in an effort to turn things into property. Almost all elements of nature have become the target of property laws, from the classic preoccupation with land to more ephemeral material, such as air and genetic resources. When Things Become Property interrogates the mixed outcomes of conferring ownership by examining postsocialist land and forest reforms in Albania, Romania and Vietnam, and finds that property reforms are no longer, if they ever were, miracle tools available to governments for refashioning economies, politics or environments.

Anthropology and Economy

Anthropology and Economy

  • Author: Stephen Gudeman
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1316462749
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8967
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Comparative and critical, Anthropology and Economy offers a uniquely cross-cultural view of economy. Using examples from market and non-market situations, the book shows how economies are built on five increasingly abstract spheres, from the house to community, commerce, finance, and meta-finance. Across these spheres, economy incorporates a tension between self-interested rationality and the mutuality of social relationships. Even when rational processes predominate, as in markets, economies rely on sociability and ritual to operate, whether as cronyism, pleas to divinities or the magical persuasions of advertising. Drawing on data and concepts from anthropology and economics, the book addresses wealth inequality, resource depletion, and environmental devastation especially in capitalism, providing an understanding of their persistence and ideas for controlling them. Given the recent financial crash, Gudeman offers a different understanding of the crisis and suggestions for achieving greater economic stability.

Economy and Ritual

Economy and Ritual

Studies of Postsocialist Transformations

  • Author: Stephen Gudeman,Chris Hann
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 1782385703
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 214
  • View: 2009
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According to accepted wisdom, rational practices and ritual action are opposed. Rituals drain wealth from capital investment and draw on a mode of thought different from practical ideas. The studies in this volume contest this view. Comparative, historical, and contemporary, the six ethnographies extend from Macedonia to Kyrgyzstan. Each one illuminates the economic and ritual changes in an area as it emerged from socialism and (re-)entered market society. Cutting against the idea that economy only means markets and that market action exhausts the meaning of economy, the studies show that much of what is critical for a people's economic life takes place outside markets and hinges on ritual, understood as the negation of the everyday world of economising.

Theatre of the Rule of Law

Theatre of the Rule of Law

Transnational Legal Intervention in Theory and Practice

  • Author: Stephen Humphreys
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 113949533X
  • Category: Law
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 7510
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Theatre of the Rule of Law presents a sustained critique of global rule of law promotion - an expansive industry at the heart of international development, post-conflict reconstruction and security policy today. While successful in articulating and disseminating an effective global public policy, rule of law promotion has largely failed in its stated objectives of raising countries out of poverty and taming violent conflict. Furthermore, in its execution, this work deviates sharply from 'the rule of law' as commonly conceived. To explain this, Stephen Humphreys draws on the history of the rule of law as a concept, examples of legal export during colonial times, and a spectrum of contemporary interventions by development agencies and international organisations. Rule of law promotion is shown to be a kind of theatre, the staging of a morality tale about the good life, intended for edification and emulation, but blind to its own internal contradictions.

Industrial Labor on the Margins of Capitalism

Industrial Labor on the Margins of Capitalism

Precarity, Class and the Neoliberal Subject

  • Author: Chris Hann,Jonathan Parry
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 1785336789
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 384
  • View: 3660
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Bringing together ethnographic case studies of industrial labor from different parts of the world, Industrial Labor on the Margins of Capitalism explores the increasing casualization of workforces and the weakening power of organized labor. This division owes much to state policies and is reflected in local understandings of class. By exploring this relationship, these essays question the claim that neoliberal ideology has become the new ‘commonsense’ of our times and suggest various propositions about the conditions that create employment regimes based on flexible labor.

Chaosmosis

Chaosmosis

An Ethico-aesthetic Paradigm

  • Author: Félix Guattari
  • Publisher: Indiana University Press
  • ISBN: 9780253210043
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 135
  • View: 8957
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Guattari's final book is a succinct summary of his socio-philosophical outlook. It includes critical reflections on Lacanian psychoanalysis, structuralism, information theory, postmodernism, and the thought of Heidegger, Bakhtin, Barthes, and others.

Economy's Tension

Economy's Tension

The Dialectics of Community and Market

  • Author: Stephen Gudeman
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 9781845455149
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 188
  • View: 2343
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Using a cross-cultural model, the author explores mystifications of economic life, and explains how capital and derivatives can control an economy. The book offers a different conception of economic welfare, development, and freedom.

Complex Evolutionary Dynamics in Urban-Regional and Ecologic-Economic Systems

Complex Evolutionary Dynamics in Urban-Regional and Ecologic-Economic Systems

From Catastrophe to Chaos and Beyond

  • Author: J. Barkley Rosser
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9781441988287
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 320
  • View: 6161
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Drawing on the middle chapters from the first edition of J. Barkley Rosser's seminal work, From Catastrophe to Chaos, this book presents an unusual perspective on economics and economic analysis. Current economic theory largely depends upon assuming that the world is fundamentally continuous. However, an increasing amount of economic research has been done using approaches that allow for discontinuities such as catastrophe theory, chaos theory, synergetics, and fractal geometry. The spread of such approaches across a variety of disciplines of thought has constituted a virtual intellectual revolution in recent years. This book reviews the applications of these approaches in various subdisciplines of economics and draws upon past economic thinkers to develop an integrated view of economics as a whole from the perspective of inherent discontinuity.

Silent Interviews

Silent Interviews

On Language, Race, Sex, Science Fiction, and Some Comics—A Collection of Written Interviews

  • Author: Samuel R. Delany
  • Publisher: Wesleyan University Press
  • ISBN: 081957192X
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 334
  • View: 4280
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Samuel R. Delany, whose theoretically sophisticated science fiction and fantasy has won him a broad audience among academics and fans of postmodernist fiction, offers insights into and explorations of his own experience as writer, critic, theorist, and gay black man in his new collection of written interviews, a form he describes as a type of "guided essay." Gathered from sources as diverse as Diacritics and Comics Journal, these interviews reveal the broad range of his thought and interests.

Mind the Gap

Mind the Gap

Tracing the Origins of Human Universals

  • Author: Peter M Kappeler,Joan Silk
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783642027253
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 504
  • View: 6953
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This volume features a collection of essays by primatologists, anthropologists, biologists, and psychologists who offer some answers to the question of what makes us human, i. e. , what is the nature and width of the gap that separates us from other primates? The chapters of this volume summarize the latest research on core aspects of behavioral and cognitive traits that make humans such unusual animals. All contributors adopt an explicitly comparative approach, which is based on the premise that comparative studies of our closest biological relatives, the nonhuman primates, provide the logical foundation for identifying human univ- sals as well as evidence for evolutionary continuity in our social behavior. Each of the chapters in this volume provides comparative analyses of relevant data from primates and humans, or pairs of chapters examine the same topic from a human or primatological perspective, respectively. Together, they cover six broad topics that are relevant to identifying potential human behavioral universals. Family and social organization. Predation pressure is thought to be the main force favoring group-living in primates, but there is great diversity in the size and structure of social groups across the primate order. Research on the behavioral ecology of primates and other animals has revealed that the distribution of males and females in space and time can be explained by sex-speci?c adaptations that are sensitive to factors that limit their ?tness: access to resources for females and access to potential mates for males.

Nature's Palette

Nature's Palette

The Science of Plant Color

  • Author: David Lee
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 0226471055
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 432
  • View: 4153
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Though he didn’t realize it at the time, David Lee began this book twenty-five years ago as he was hiking in the mountains outside Kuala Lumpur. Surrounded by the wonders of the jungle, Lee found his attention drawn to one plant in particular, a species of fern whose electric blue leaves shimmered amidst the surrounding green. The evolutionary wonder of the fern’s extravagant beauty filled Lee with awe—and set him on a career-long journey to understand everything about plant colors. Nature’s Palette is the fully ripened fruit of that journey—a highly illustrated, immensely entertaining exploration of the science of plant color. Beginning with potent reminders of how deeply interwoven plant colors are with human life and culture—from the shifting hues that told early humans when fruits and vegetables were edible to the indigo dyes that signified royalty for later generations—Lee moves easily through details of pigments, the evolution of color perception, the nature of light, and dozens of other topics. Through a narrative peppered with anecdotes of a life spent pursuing botanical knowledge around the world, he reveals the profound ways that efforts to understand and exploit plant color have influenced every sphere of human life, from organic chemistry to Renaissance painting to the highly lucrative orchid trade. Lavishly illustrated and packed with remarkable details sure to delight gardeners and naturalists alike, Nature’s Palette will enchant anyone who’s ever wondered about red roses and blue violets—or green thumbs.

Economic Persuasions

Economic Persuasions

  • Author: Stephen Gudeman
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 0857456644
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 238
  • View: 6501
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As the transition from socialism to a market economy gathered speed in the early 1990s, many people proclaimed the final success of capitalism as a practice and neoliberal economics as its accompanying science. But with the uneven achievements of the “transition”—the deepening problems of “development,” persistent unemployment, the widening of the wealth gap, and expressions of resistance—the discipline of economics is no longer seen as a mirror of reality or as a unified science. How should we understand economics and, more broadly, the organization and disorganization of material life? In this book, international scholars from anthropology and economics adopt a rhetorical perspective in order to make sense of material life and the theories about it. Re-examining central problems in the two fields and using ethnographic and historical examples, they explore the intersections between these disciplines, contrast their methods and epistemologies, and show how a rhetorical approach offers a new mode of analysis while drawing on established contributions.

The Missionary, the Catechist and the Hunter

The Missionary, the Catechist and the Hunter

Foucault, Protestantism and Colonialism

  • Author: Christina Petterson
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004273166
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 224
  • View: 2002
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The Missionary, the Catechist and the Hunter traces the colonial history of indigenous identity by analysing the role of the Protestant missionaries and the ideology of writing in the production of the hunter as the quintessential Inuit figure.

State formation

State formation

anthropological perspectives

  • Author: Christian Krohn-Hansen,Knut G. Nustad
  • Publisher: Pluto Pr
  • ISBN: 9780745324425
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 263
  • View: 9982
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What is the state and how can we best study it?

Routledge Handbook of Ocean Resources and Management

Routledge Handbook of Ocean Resources and Management

  • Author: Hance D. Smith,Juan Luis Suárez de Vivero,Tundi S. Agardy
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136294821
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 612
  • View: 8406
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This comprehensive handbook provides a global overview of ocean resources and management by focusing on critical issues relating to human development and the marine environment, their interrelationships as expressed through the uses of the sea as a resource, and the regional expression of these themes. The underlying approach is geographical, with prominence given to the biosphere, political arrangements and regional patterns – all considered to be especially crucial to the human understanding required for the use and management of the world's oceans. Part one addresses key themes in our knowledge of relationships between people and the sea on a global scale, including economic and political issues, and understanding and managing marine environments. Part two provides a systematic review of the uses of the sea, grouped into food, ocean space, materials and energy, and the sea as an environmental resource. Part three on the geography of the sea considers management strategies especially related to the state system, and regional management developments in both core economic regions and the developing periphery. The primary themes within each chapter are governance (including institutional and legal bases); policy – sets of ideas governing management; and management, both technical and general.

A Handbook of Economic Anthropology, Second Edition

A Handbook of Economic Anthropology, Second Edition

  • Author: James G. Carrier
  • Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 1849809291
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 662
  • View: 7592
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Acclaim for the first edition: 'The volume is a remarkable contribution to economic anthropology and will no doubt be a fundamental tool for students, scholars, and experts in the sub-discipline.' – Mao Mollona, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 'This excellent overview would serve as an excellent text for advanced undergraduate and graduate-level classroom use. . . Because of the clarity, conciseness, and accessibility of the writing, the chapters in this volume likely will be often cited and recommended to those who want the alternative and frequently culturally comparative perspective on economic topics that anthropology provides. Highly recommended. All academic levels/libraries.' – K.F. Rambo, Choice The first edition of this unique Handbook was praised for its substantial and invaluable summary discussions of work by anthropologists on economic processes and issues, on the relationship between economic and non-economic areas of life and on the conceptual orientations that are important among economic anthropologists. This thoroughly revised edition brings those discussions up to date, and includes an important new section exploring ways that leading anthropologists have approached the current economic crisis. Its scope and accessibility make it useful both to those who are interested in a particular topic and to those who want to see the breadth and fruitfulness of an anthropological study of economy. This comprehensive Handbook will strongly appeal to undergraduate and post-graduate students in anthropology, economists interested in social and cultural dimensions of economic life, and alternative approaches to economic life, political economists, political scientists and historians.