Search Results for "on-the-run-fugitive-life-in-an-american-city"

On the Run

On the Run

Fugitive Life in an American City

  • Author: Alice Goffman
  • Publisher: Picador
  • ISBN: 1250065674
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 4016
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A RIVETING, GROUNDBREAKING ACCOUNT OF HOW THE WAR ON CRIME HAS TORN APART INNER-CITY COMMUNITIES Forty years in, the tough on crime turn in American politics has spurred a prison boom of historic proportions that disproportionately affects Black communities. It has also torn at the lives of those on the outside. As arrest quotas and high tech surveillance criminalize entire blocks, a climate of fear and suspicion pervades daily life, not only for young men entangled in the legal system, but for their family members and working neighbors. Alice Goffman spent six years in one Philadelphia neighborhood, documenting the routine stops, searches, raids, and beatings that young men navigate as they come of age. In the course of her research, she became roommates with Mike and Chuck, two friends trying to make ends meet between low wage jobs and the drug trade. Like many in the neighborhood, Mike and Chuck were caught up in a cycle of court cases, probation sentences, and low level warrants, with no clear way out. We observe their girlfriends and mothers enduring raids and interrogations, "clean" residents struggling to go to school and work every day as the cops chase down neighbors in the streets, and others eking out a living by providing clean urine, fake documents, and off the books medical care. This fugitive world is the hidden counterpoint to mass incarceration, the grim underside of our nation's social experiment in punishing Black men and their families. While recognizing the drug trade's damage, On The Run reveals a justice system gone awry: it is an exemplary work of scholarship highlighting the failures of the War on Crime, and a compassionate chronicle of the families caught in the midst of it. "A remarkable feat of reporting . . . The level of detail in this book and Goffman's ability to understand her subjects' motivations are astonishing—and riveting."—The New York Times Book Review

On the Run

On the Run

Fugitive Life in an American City

  • Author: Alice Goffman
  • Publisher: Macmillan
  • ISBN: 1250065666
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 7347
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Alice Goffman brings us right into the streets of Philadelphia and into the homes of the small-time hustlers, their girlfriends, and families. She shows us, at the same time, the long and destructive reach of the criminal justice system into the urban worlds of the black neighborhood she immersed herself in for nearly a decade. We meet a handful of vivid characters, undergo with them their scrapes on the street and their encounters with violence there, and come to feel in our bones, as these ghetto residents do, what the constant threat of arrest and incarceration feels like at the gut level. Goffman takes us also to jails, hospitals, and courts, and shows us how to identify undercover cops (by haircuts, car models, language), and how to run and hide when they're coming. The context is the 40-year federal War on Drugs and War on Crime, with their stronger sentencing guidelines and the ramping up of the number of police on the streets and number of arrests they make. The regime of policing involves high-tech surveillance, also the quotas the cops have to fulfill in making a given number of arrests, and what happens to you, the fugitive, when a warrant is issued (with addresses of all your associates, their homes subject to raids, making even hospitals and schools unsafe for people being tracked). .

On the Run

On the Run

Fugitive Life in an American City

  • Author: Alice Goffman
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022613685X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 7682
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Forty years in, the War on Drugs has done almost nothing to prevent drugs from being sold or used, but it has nonetheless created a little-known surveillance state in America’s most disadvantaged neighborhoods. Arrest quotas and high-tech surveillance techniques criminalize entire blocks, and transform the very associations that should stabilize young lives—family, relationships, jobs—into liabilities, as the police use such relationships to track down suspects, demand information, and threaten consequences. Alice Goffman spent six years living in one such neighborhood in Philadelphia, and her close observations and often harrowing stories reveal the pernicious effects of this pervasive policing. Goffman introduces us to an unforgettable cast of young African American men who are caught up in this web of warrants and surveillance—some of them small-time drug dealers, others just ordinary guys dealing with limited choices. All find the web of presumed criminality, built as it is on the very associations and friendships that make up a life, nearly impossible to escape. We watch as the pleasures of summer-evening stoop-sitting are shattered by the arrival of a carful of cops looking to serve a warrant; we watch—and can’t help but be shocked—as teenagers teach their younger siblings and cousins how to run from the police (and, crucially, to keep away from friends and family so they can stay hidden); and we see, over and over, the relentless toll that the presumption of criminality takes on families—and futures. While not denying the problems of the drug trade, and the violence that often accompanies it, through her gripping accounts of daily life in the forgotten neighborhoods of America's cities, Goffman makes it impossible for us to ignore the very real human costs of our failed response—the blighting of entire neighborhoods, and the needless sacrifice of whole generations.

Interrogating Ethnography

Interrogating Ethnography

Why Evidence Matters

  • Author: Steven Lubet
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190655704
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 3711
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In this comprehensive review of urban ethnography, Steven Lubet encountered a field that relies heavily on anonymous sources, often as reported by a single investigator whose underlying data remain unseen. Upon digging into the details, he discovered too many ethnographic assertions that were dubious, exaggerated, tendentious, or just plain wrong. Employing the tools and techniques of a trial lawyer, Lubet uses original sources and contemporaneous documentation to explore the stories behind ethnographic narratives. Many turn out to be accurate, but others are revealed to be based on rumors, folklore, and unreliable hearsay. Interrogating Ethnography explains how qualitative social science would benefit from greater attention to the quality of evidence, and provides recommendations for bringing the field more closely in line with other fact-based disciplines such as law and journalism.

Sidewalk

Sidewalk

  • Author: Mitchell Duneier,Ovie Carter
  • Publisher: Macmillan
  • ISBN: 9780374527259
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 383
  • View: 6495
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Presents the lives of poor African-American men who make their subsistence wages by selling used goods on the streets of Greenwich Village in New York; and discusses how they interact with passing pedestrians, police officers, and each other.

Cop in the Hood

Cop in the Hood

My Year Policing Baltimore's Eastern District

  • Author: Peter Moskos
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9781400832262
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 280
  • View: 4999
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When Harvard-trained sociologist Peter Moskos left the classroom to become a cop in Baltimore's Eastern District, he was thrust deep into police culture and the ways of the street--the nerve-rattling patrols, the thriving drug corners, and a world of poverty and violence that outsiders never see. In Cop in the Hood, Moskos reveals the truths he learned on the midnight shift. Through Moskos's eyes, we see police academy graduates unprepared for the realities of the street, success measured by number of arrests, and the ultimate failure of the war on drugs. In addition to telling an explosive insider's story of what it is really like to be a police officer, he makes a passionate argument for drug legalization as the only realistic way to end drug violence--and let cops once again protect and serve. In a new afterword, Moskos describes the many benefits of foot patrol--or, as he calls it, "policing green."

Police in the Hallways

Police in the Hallways

Discipline in an Urban High School

  • Author: Kathleen Nolan
  • Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
  • ISBN: 1452933081
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 209
  • View: 7967
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Exposing the deeply harmful impact of street-style policing on urban high school students

Great American City

Great American City

Chicago and the Enduring Neighborhood Effect

  • Author: Robert J. Sampson
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 0226734560
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 534
  • View: 9613
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To demonstrate the powerfully enduring effect of place, this text reviews a decade of research in Chicago, to demonstrate how neighborhoods influence social phenomena, including crime, health, civic engagement & altruism.

Gang Life in Two Cities

Gang Life in Two Cities

An InsiderÕs Journey

  • Author: Robert Duran
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231158661
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 2919
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Refusing to cast gangs in solely criminal terms, Robert J. Durán, a former gang member turned scholar, recasts such groups as an adaptation to the racial oppression of colonization in the American Southwest. Developing a paradigm rooted in ethnographic research and almost two decades of direct experience with gangs, Durán completes the first-ever study to follow so many marginalized groups so intensely for so long, revealing their core characteristics, behavior, and activities within two unlikely American cities. Durán spent five years in Denver, Colorado, and Ogden, Utah, conducting 145 interviews with gang members, law enforcement officers, prosecutors, and other relevant individuals. From his research, he constructs a comparative outline of the emergence and criminalization of Latino youth groups, the ideals and worlds they create, and the reasons for their persistence. He also underscores the failures of violent gang suppression tactics, which have only further entrenched these groups within the barrio. Encouraging cultural activists and current and former gang members to pursue grassroots empowerment, Durán proposes new solutions to racial oppression that challenge and truly alter the conditions of gang life.

Pulled Over

Pulled Over

How Police Stops Define Race and Citizenship

  • Author: Charles R. Epp,Steven Maynard-Moody,Donald P. Haider-Markel
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022611404X
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 272
  • View: 624
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In sheer numbers, no form of government control comes close to the police stop. Each year, twelve percent of drivers in the United States are stopped by the police, and the figure is almost double among racial minorities. Police stops are among the most recognizable and frequently criticized incidences of racial profiling, but, while numerous studies have shown that minorities are pulled over at higher rates, none have examined how police stops have come to be both encouraged and institutionalized. Pulled Over deftly traces the strange history of the investigatory police stop, from its discredited beginning as “aggressive patrolling” to its current status as accepted institutional practice. Drawing on the richest study of police stops to date, the authors show that who is stopped and how they are treated convey powerful messages about citizenship and racial disparity in the United States. For African Americans, for instance, the experience of investigatory stops erodes the perceived legitimacy of police stops and of the police generally, leading to decreased trust in the police and less willingness to solicit police assistance or to self-censor in terms of clothing or where they drive. This holds true even when police are courteous and respectful throughout the encounters and follow seemingly colorblind institutional protocols. With a growing push in recent years to use local police in immigration efforts, Hispanics stand poised to share African Americans’ long experience of investigative stops. In a country that celebrates democracy and racial equality, investigatory stops have a profound and deleterious effect on African American and other minority communities that merits serious reconsideration. Pulled Over offers practical recommendations on how reforms can protect the rights of citizens and still effectively combat crime.

Among Wolves

Among Wolves

Ethnography and the Immersive Study of Power

  • Author: Timothy Pachirat
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351329626
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 174
  • View: 8863
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Summoned by an anonymous Prosecutor, ten contemporary ethnographers gather in an aging barn to hold a trial of Alice Goffman’s controversial ethnography, On the Run. But before the trial can get underway, a one-eyed wolfdog arrives with a mysterious liquid potion capable of rendering the ethnographers invisible in their fieldsites. Presented as a play that unfolds in seven acts, the ensuing drama provides readers with both a practical guide for how to conduct immersive participant-observation research and a sophisticated theoretical engagement with the relationship between ethnography as a research method and the operation of power. By interpolating "how-to" aspects of ethnographic research with deeper questions about ethnography’s relationship to power, this book presents a compelling introduction for those new to ethnography and rich theoretical insights for more seasoned ethnographic practitioners from across the social sciences. Just as ethnography as a research method depends crucially on serendipity, surprise, and an openness to ambiguity, the book’s dramatic and dialogic format encourages novices and experts alike to approach the study of power in ways that resist linear programs and dogmatic prescriptions. The result is a playful yet provocative invitation to rekindle those foundational senses of wonder and generative uncertainty that are all too often excluded from conversations about the methodologies and methods we bring to the study of the social world.

American Project

American Project

The Rise and Fall of a Modern Ghetto

  • Author: Sudhir Alladi VENKATESH,Sudhir Alladi Venkatesh
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674044657
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 360
  • View: 9174
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High-rise public housing developments were signature features of the post-World War II city. A hopeful experiment in providing temporary, inexpensive housing for all Americans, the "projects" soon became synonymous with the black urban poor, with isolation and overcrowding, with drugs, gang violence, and neglect. As the wrecking ball brings down some of these concrete monoliths, Sudhir Venkatesh seeks to reexamine public housing from the inside out, and to salvage its troubled legacy.

Off the Books

Off the Books

The Underground Economy of the Urban Poor

  • Author: Sudhir Alladi Venkatesh
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674044647
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 448
  • View: 3623
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In this revelatory book, Sudhir Venkatesh takes us into Maquis Park, a poor black neighborhood on Chicago's Southside, to explore the desperate and remarkable ways in which a community survives. The result is a dramatic narrative of individuals at work, and a rich portrait of a community. But while excavating the efforts of men and women to generate a basic livelihood for themselves and their families, Off the Books offers a devastating critique of the entrenched poverty that we so often ignore in America, and reveals how the underground economy is an inevitable response to the ghetto's appalling isolation from the rest of the country.

Code of the Street: Decency, Violence, and the Moral Life of the Inner City

Code of the Street: Decency, Violence, and the Moral Life of the Inner City

  • Author: Elijah Anderson
  • Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
  • ISBN: 9780393070385
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 352
  • View: 2248
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Unsparing and important. . . . An informative, clearheaded and sobering book.—Jonathan Yardley, Washington Post (1999 Critic's Choice) Inner-city black America is often stereotyped as a place of random violence, but in fact, violence in the inner city is regulated through an informal but well-known code of the street. This unwritten set of rules—based largely on an individual's ability to command respect—is a powerful and pervasive form of etiquette, governing the way in which people learn to negotiate public spaces. Elijah Anderson's incisive book delineates the code and examines it as a response to the lack of jobs that pay a living wage, to the stigma of race, to rampant drug use, to alienation and lack of hope.

The Corner

The Corner

A Year in the Life of an Inner-City Neighborhood

  • Author: David Simon,Edward Burns
  • Publisher: Broadway Books
  • ISBN: 0307833461
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 576
  • View: 354
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The crime-infested intersection of West Fayette and Monroe Streets is well-known--and cautiously avoided--by most of Baltimore. But this notorious corner's 24-hour open-air drug market provides the economic fuel for a dying neighborhood. David Simon, an award-winning author and crime reporter, and Edward Burns, a 20-year veteran of the urban drug war, tell the chilling story of this desolate crossroad. Through the eyes of one broken family--two drug-addicted adults and their smart, vulnerable 15-year-old son, DeAndre McCollough, Simon and Burns examine the sinister realities of inner cities across the country and unflinchingly assess why law enforcement policies, moral crusades, and the welfare system have accomplished so little. This extraordinary book is a crucial look at the price of the drug culture and the poignant scenes of hope, caring, and love that astonishingly rise in the midst of a place America has abandoned.

The Truth Divided

The Truth Divided

  • Author: Nakia Jones
  • Publisher: BookVenture Publishing LLC
  • ISBN: 1641666714
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 124
  • View: 6393
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The Truth Divided is about Officer Nakia Jones who became known to many after her passionate facebook post went viral in June of 2016 after the death of Alton Sterling an African American male shot to death by Police in Baton Rouge Louisiana. Officer Jones stepped outside of her uniform and in to her role of a mother of two African American sons, who reacts when her oldest son expresses to her the fear he has of some of the men and women who wear the same uniform she does. The words that would pierce the heart of any mother, and the words that no mother should ever hear her child say regardless of color. He asked, "Will I be the next African American male to be killed by police?" Within in the first 24 hours of her compassionate video it had been shared over 100 thousand times and viewed over 2 million times. Officer Nakia Jones became a hashtag and her powerful words "If you are white and you are working in an African American community and you dislike or are afraid of people who don't look like you, you have no business in that uniform take it off", this is still being shared today. Officer Jones also defended good Police Officers like her that she says would give their lives freely to protect their community from harm, she also told the community that all Police Officers are not racist or bad. Officer Jones takes you on her journey in this book touching on her life and why she decided to become a law enforcement officer as well answering the questions asked by many, what happened after the video? This book also tells Officer Jones's desperate plea to the African American Community to stop killing one another, and the humble plea to the community not to target law enforcement officer. Most importantly you will get to see both sides of this heated topic that is shaking the nation from someone who lives both sides. Why the Truth Divided? Many say the truth will set you free. After reading this compelling book you be the judge. #IMWOKE

Primates of Park Avenue

Primates of Park Avenue

A Memoir

  • Author: Wednesday Martin
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN: 1476762716
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 272
  • View: 3075
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"Like an urban Dian Fossey, Wednesday Martin decodes the primate social behaviors of Upper East Side mothers in a brilliantly original and witty memoir about her adventures assimilating into that most secretive and elite tribe. After marrying a man from the Upper East Side and moving to the neighborhood, Wednesday Martin struggled to fit in. Drawing on her background in anthropology and primatology, she tried looking at her new world through that lens, and suddenly things fell into place. She understood the other mothers' snobbiness at school drop-off when she compared them to olive baboons. Her obsessional quest for a Hermes Birkin handbag made sense when she realized other females wielded them to establish dominance in their troop. And so she analyzed tribal migration patterns; display rituals; physical adornment, mutilation, and mating practices; extra-pair copulation; and more. Her conclusions are smart, thought-provoking, and hilariously unexpected. Every city has its Upper East Side, and in Wednesday's memoir, readers everywhere will recognize the strange cultural codes of powerful social hierarchies and the compelling desire to climb them. They will also see that Upper East Side mothers want the same things for their children that all mothers want--safety, happiness, and success--and not even sky-high penthouses and chauffeured SUVs can protect this ecologically released tribe from the universal experiences of anxiety and loss. When Wednesday's life turns upside down, she learns how deep the bonds of female friendship really are. Intelligent, funny, and heartfelt, Primates of Park Avenue lifts a veil on a secret, elite world within a world--the exotic, fascinating, and strangely familiar culture of privileged Manhattan motherhood"--

Fugitive Life

Fugitive Life

The Queer Politics of the Prison State

  • Author: Stephen Dillon
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 0822371898
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 200
  • View: 3219
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During the 1970s in the United States, hundreds of feminist, queer, and antiracist activists were imprisoned or became fugitives as they fought the changing contours of U.S. imperialism, global capitalism, and a repressive racial state. In Fugitive Life Stephen Dillon examines these activists' communiqués, films, memoirs, prison writing, and poetry to highlight the centrality of gender and sexuality to a mode of racialized power called the neoliberal-carceral state. Drawing on writings by Angela Davis, the George Jackson Brigade, Assata Shakur, the Weather Underground, and others, Dillon shows how these activists were among the first to theorize and make visible the links between conservative "law and order" rhetoric, free market ideology, incarceration, sexism, and the continued legacies of slavery. Dillon theorizes these prisoners and fugitives as queer figures who occupied a unique position from which to highlight how neoliberalism depended upon racialized mass incarceration. In so doing, he articulates a vision of fugitive freedom in which the work of these activists becomes foundational to undoing the reign of the neoliberal-carceral state.

Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave

Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave

  • Author: Frederick Douglass
  • Publisher: Big Nest via PublishDrive
  • ISBN: 1910833819
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 106
  • View: 7525
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One of the most influential pieces of literature to fuel the abolitionist movement of the early 19th century in the United States, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass is a memoir and treatise on abolition written by famous orator and former slave Frederick Douglass. In factual detail, the text describes the events of his life.

Gang Leader for a Day

Gang Leader for a Day

A Rogue Sociologist Takes to the Streets

  • Author: Sudhir Alladi Venkatesh
  • Publisher: Penguin
  • ISBN: 9781594201509
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 302
  • View: 3892
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Recounts the story of a young sociologist whose infiltration of a Chicago drug gang was originally introduced in the work "Freakonomics," describing the author's idealism, his friendship with gang leader JT, and his witness to the organization's crack-sel