Search Results for "ontology-revisited"

Ontology Revisited

Ontology Revisited

Metaphysics in Social and Political Philosophy

  • Author: Ruth Groff
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0415574110
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 136
  • View: 316
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Groff's argument runs counter to the familiar anti-metaphysical habit. Social and political philosophy, she maintains, is not as metaphysically neutral as it may seem. Even the most deontological of theories connects up with an attendant set of philosophical commitments regarding what kinds of things exist, as a fundamental ontological matter, and what they are like. These are topics of interest not just to social and political philosophers, but to social scientists and to philosophers of social science as well. "Ruth Groff has broken new ground in demonstrating the connection between social and political thought and the ontology of causal powers. Her account of the structure of Humean thinking about agency is excellent. Especially significant is the role that she assigns to Kantianism in the analysis that she develops. She moves effortlessly between contemporary metaphysics, political theory, critical social theory, and the history of modern philosophy, offering trenchant insights along the way into the work of thinkers ranging from Hume himself to Mill, Adorno, and Martha Nussbaum, and into debates over agent causation and emergence. There is even a discussion, in the final chapter, of Spinoza. This is big-picture philosophy at its best: rigorous and exacting at the level of detail; original, compelling and systematic in the whole." - Stephen Mumford, Professor of Metaphysics and Dean of the Faculty of Arts, University of Nottingham

Databases and Information Systems V

Databases and Information Systems V

Selected Papers from the Eighth International Baltic Conference, DB&IS 2008

  • Author: Hele-Mai Haav,Ahto Kalja
  • Publisher: IOS Press
  • ISBN: 1586039393
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 311
  • View: 3862
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The Eighth International Baltic Conference on Databases and Information Systems took place on June 25 2008 in Tallinn, Estonia. This conference is continuing a series of successful bi-annual Baltic conferences on databases and information systems (IS). The aim is to provide a wide international forum for academics and practitioners in the field of databases and modern information systems for exchanging their achievements in this area. The original research results presented in Databases and Information Systems V mostly belong to novel fields of IS and database research such as database technology and the semantic web, ontology-based IS, IS and AI technologies and IS integration. The contribution of Dr. Jari Palomauml;ki showed how different ontological commitments affect the way we are modeling the world when creating an information system. As semantic technologies have been gaining more attention recently, a special session on semantic interoperability of IS was organized. The invited talks from each Baltic State gave a good insight how semantic interoperability initiatives are developing in each of the Baltic States and how they relate to the European semantic interoperability framework.

The Loom of God

The Loom of God

Tapestries of Mathematics and Mysticism

  • Author: Clifford A. Pickover
  • Publisher: Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.
  • ISBN: 9781402764004
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 287
  • View: 9577
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Previous ed. published in 1997 under the title: The loom of God: mathematical tapestries at the edge of time, by Plenum Press.

Critical Anthropological Engagements in Human Alterity and Difference

Critical Anthropological Engagements in Human Alterity and Difference

  • Author: Bjørn Enge Bertelsen,Synnøve Bendixsen
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 331940475X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 312
  • View: 7911
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This book explores how one measures and analyzes human alterity and difference in an interconnected and ever-globalizing world. This book critically assesses the impact of what has often been dubbed ‘the ontological turn’ within anthropology in order to provide some answers to these questions. In doing so, the book explores the turn’s empirical and theoretical limits, accomplishments, and potential. The book distinguishes between three central strands of the ontological turn, namely worldviews, materialities, and politics. It presents empirically rich case studies, which help to elaborate on the potentiality and challenges which the ontological turn’s perspectives and approaches may have to offer.

The Four-Category Ontology

The Four-Category Ontology

A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

  • Author: E. J. Lowe
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199254397
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 222
  • View: 1472
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E. J. Lowe sets out and defends his theory of what there is. His four-category ontology is a metaphysical system that recognizes two fundamental categorial distinctions which cut across each other to generate four fundamental ontological categories. The distinctions are between the particular and the universal and between the substantial and the non-substantial. The four categories thus generated are substantial particulars, non-substantial particulars, substantial universals andnon-substantial universals. Non-substantial universals include properties and relations, conceived as universals. Non-substantial particulars include property-instances and relation-instances, otherwise known as non-relational and relational tropes or modes. Substantial particulars include propertiedindividuals, the paradigm examples of which are persisting, concrete objects. Substantial universals are otherwise known as substantial kinds and include as paradigm examples natural kinds of persisting objects.This ontology has a lengthy pedigree, many commentators attributing it to Aristotle on the basis of certain passages in his apparently early work, the Categories. At various times during the history of Western philosophy, it has been revived or rediscovered, but it has never found universal favour, perhaps on account of its apparent lack of parsimony as well as its commitment to universals. In pursuit of ontological economy, metaphysicians have generally preferred to recognize fewerthan four fundamental ontological categories. However, Occam's razor stipulates only that we should not multiply entities beyond necessity; Lowe argues that the four-category ontology has an explanatory power unrivalled by more parsimonious systems, and that this counts decisively in its favour. He shows thatit provides a powerful explanatory framework for a unified account of causation, dispositions, natural laws, natural necessity and many other related matters, such as the semantics of counterfactual conditionals and the character of the truthmaking relation. As such, it constitutes a thoroughgoing metaphysical foundation for natural science.

The Principles of Mathematics Revisited

The Principles of Mathematics Revisited

  • Author: Jaakko Hintikka
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521624985
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 288
  • View: 8157
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This book, written by one of philosophy's pre-eminent logicians, argues that many of the basic assumptions common to logic, philosophy of mathematics and metaphysics are in need of change. It is therefore a book of critical importance to logical theory. Jaakko Hintikka proposes a new basic first-order logic and uses it to explore the foundations of mathematics. This new logic enables logicians to express on the first-order level such concepts as equicardinality, infinity, and truth in the same language. The famous impossibility results by Gödel and Tarski that have dominated the field for the last sixty years turn out to be much less significant than has been thought. All of ordinary mathematics can in principle be done on this first-order level, thus dispensing with the existence of sets and other higher-order entities.

Truth and Ontology

Truth and Ontology

  • Author: Trenton Merricks
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN: 019920523X
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 202
  • View: 7347
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A central question in philosophy is whether and how truth depends on the world. In isolation this question is so abstract that it is hard to address in an illuminating way. Instead, Trenton Merricks looks at how answers to this question bear on a variety of other philosophical debates. The result is a well-grounded discussion of the nature of truth that in its turn casts new light on these philosophical debates themselves.

Lines Drawn Upon the Water

Lines Drawn Upon the Water

First Nations and the Great Lakes Borders and Borderlands

  • Author: Karl S. Hele
  • Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press
  • ISBN: 1554580048
  • Category: History
  • Page: 351
  • View: 5643
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Proceedings of a conference held at University of Western Ontario, London, Ont., Feb. 11-12, 2005.

Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions Revisited

Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions Revisited

  • Author: Vasso Kindi,Theodore Arabatzis
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136243208
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 270
  • View: 5787
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The year 2012 marks the 50th anniversary of the publication of Thomas S. Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Up until recently, the book’s philosophical reception has been shaped, for the most part, by the debates and the climate in philosophy of science in the 1960s and 1970s; this new collection of essays takes a renewed look at this work. This volume concentrates on particular issues addressed or raised in light of recent scholarship and without the pressure of the immediate concerns scholars had at the time of the Structure’s publication. There has been extensive research on all of the major issues concerning the development of science which are discussed in Structure, work in which the scholars contributing to this volume have all been actively involved. In recent years they have pursued novel research on a number of topics relevant to Structure’s concerns, such as the nature and function of concepts, the complexity of logical positivism and its legacy, the relation of history to philosophy of science, the character of scientific progress and rationality, and scientific realism, all of which are brought together and given new light in this text. In this way, our book makes new connections and undertakes new approaches in an effort to understand the Structure’s significance in the canon of philosophy of science.

New Materialisms

New Materialisms

Ontology, Agency, and Politics

  • Author: Diana Coole,Samantha Frost
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 0822392992
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 347
  • View: 5403
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New Materialisms brings into focus and explains the significance of the innovative materialist critiques that are emerging across the social sciences and humanities. By gathering essays that exemplify the new thinking about matter and processes of materialization, this important collection shows how scholars are reworking older materialist traditions, contemporary theoretical debates, and advances in scientific knowledge to address pressing ethical and political challenges. In the introduction, Diana Coole and Samantha Frost highlight common themes among the distinctive critical projects that comprise the new materialisms. The continuities they discern include a posthumanist conception of matter as lively or exhibiting agency, and a reengagement with both the material realities of everyday life and broader geopolitical and socioeconomic structures. Coole and Frost argue that contemporary economic, environmental, geopolitical, and technological developments demand new accounts of nature, agency, and social and political relationships; modes of inquiry that privilege consciousness and subjectivity are not adequate to the task. New materialist philosophies are needed to do justice to the complexities of twenty-first-century biopolitics and political economy, because they raise fundamental questions about the place of embodied humans in a material world and the ways that we produce, reproduce, and consume our material environment. Contributors Sara Ahmed Jane Bennett Rosi Braidotti Pheng Cheah Rey Chow William E. Connolly Diana Coole Jason Edwards Samantha Frost Elizabeth Grosz Sonia Kruks Melissa A. Orlie

Formal Ontology in Information Systems

Formal Ontology in Information Systems

Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference (FOIS 2006)

  • Author: Brandon Bennett,Christiane Fellbaum
  • Publisher: IOS Press
  • ISBN: 9781586036850
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 373
  • View: 1552
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Aims to provide a forum for genuine interdisciplinary exchange in the spirit of a unified effort towards solving the problems of ontology, with an eye to both theoretical issues and concrete applications. This book contains a range of areas, all of which are important to the development of formal ontologies.

A Realist Theory of Science

A Realist Theory of Science

  • Author: Roy Bhaskar
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134050860
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 304
  • View: 7523
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First Published in 2008. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Authentic Science Revisited

Authentic Science Revisited

In Praise of Diversity, Heterogeneity, Hybridity

  • Author: Wolff-Michael Roth,Michiel Van Eijck,Reis Giuliano
  • Publisher: Sense Pub
  • ISBN: 9789087906702
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 248
  • View: 6400
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Since its appearance in 1995, Authentic School Science has been a resource for many teachers and schools to rethink and change what they are doing in and with their science classrooms. As others were trying to implement the kinds of learning environments that we had described, our own thinking and teaching praxis changed in part because of our dissatisfaction with our own understanding. Over the years, we have piloted ever-new ways of organizing science lessons to figure out what works and how both successful and not-so-successful ways of doing science education should be theorized. In this period, we developed a commitment to cultural-historical activity theory, which does not dichotomize individual and collective, social and material, embodied and cultural forms of knowing, and so on. It turns out now that the problem does not lie with the level of agreement between school science and laboratory science but with the levels of control, authority, mastery, and authorship that students are enabled to exercise. Thus, as this book shows, even field trips may deprive students of science authenticity on outdoor activities and even classroom-based science may provide opportunities for doing science in an authentic manner, that is, with high levels of control over the learning environment, authority, master, and authorship. Ultimately, our understanding of authenticity emphasizes its heterogeneous nature, which we propose to think in terms of a different ontology, an ontology of difference, which takes mixtures, heterogeneity, and hybridity as its starting point rather than as poor derivatives of self-same, pure entities including science, scientific concepts, and scientific practice. In Authentic Science Revisited, the authors offer a refreshing new approach to theorizing, thinking, and doing authentic science.

Ontology Matching

Ontology Matching

  • Author: Jérôme Euzenat,Pavel Shvaiko
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3540496122
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 333
  • View: 3170
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Ontologies are viewed as the silver bullet for many applications, but in open or evolving systems, different parties can adopt different ontologies. This increases heterogeneity problems rather than reducing heterogeneity. This book proposes ontology matching as a solution to the problem of semantic heterogeneity, offering researchers and practitioners a uniform framework of reference to currently available work. The techniques presented apply to database schema matching, catalog integration, XML schema matching and more.

Rebuilding Native Nations

Rebuilding Native Nations

Strategies for Governance and Development

  • Author: Miriam Jorgensen
  • Publisher: University of Arizona Press
  • ISBN: 9780816524235
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 363
  • View: 6352
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A revolution is underway among the Indigenous nations of North America. It is a quiet revolution, largely unnoticed in society at large. But it is profoundly important. From High Plains states and Prairie Provinces to southwestern deserts, from Mississippi and Oklahoma to the northwest coast of the continent, Native peoples are reclaiming their right to govern themselves and to shape their future in their own ways. Challenging more than a century of colonial controls, they are addressing severe social problems, building sustainable economies, and reinvigorating Indigenous cultures. In effect, they are rebuilding their nations according to their own diverse and often innovative designs. Produced by the Native Nations Institute for Leadership, Management, and Policy at the University of Arizona and the Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development, this book traces the contours of that revolution as Native nations turn the dream of self-determination into a practical reality. Part report, part analysis, part how-to manual for Native leaders, it discusses strategies for governance and community and economic development being employed by American Indian nations and First Nations in Canada as they move to assert greater control over their own affairs. Rebuilding Native Nations provides guidelines for creating new governance structures, rewriting constitutions, building justice systems, launching nation-owned enterprises, encouraging citizen entrepreneurs, developing new relationships with non-Native governments, and confronting the crippling legacies of colonialism. For nations that wish to join that revolution or for those who simply want to understand the transformation now underway across Indigenous North America, this book is a critical resource. CONTENTS Foreword by Oren Lyons Editor's Introduction Part 1 Starting Points 1. Two Approaches to the Development of Native Nations: One Works, the Other Doesn't Stephen Cornell and Joseph P. Kalt 2. Development, Governance, Culture: What Are They and What Do They Have to Do with Rebuilding Native Nations? Manley A. Begay, Jr., Stephen Cornell, Miriam Jorgensen, and Joseph P. Kalt Part 2 Rebuilding the Foundations 3. Remaking the Tools of Governance: Colonial Legacies, Indigenous Solutions Stephen Cornell 4. The Role of Constitutions in Native Nation Building: Laying a Firm Foundation Joseph P. Kalt 5 . Native Nation Courts: Key Players in Nation Rebuilding Joseph Thomas Flies-Away, Carrie Garrow, and Miriam Jorgensen 6. Getting Things Done for the Nation: The Challenge of Tribal Administration Stephen Cornell and Miriam Jorgensen Part 3 Reconceiving Key Functions 7. Managing the Boundary between Business and Politics: Strategies for Improving the Chances for Success in Tribally Owned Enterprises Kenneth Grant and Jonathan Taylor 8. Citizen Entrepreneurship: An Underutilized Development Resource Stephen Cornell, Miriam Jorgensen, Ian Wilson Record, and Joan Timeche 9. Governmental Services and Programs: Meeting Citizens' Needs Alyce S. Adams, Andrew J. Lee, and Michael Lipsky 10. Intergovernmental Relationships: Expressions of Tribal Sovereignty Sarah L. Hicks Part 4 Making It Happen 11. Rebuilding Native Nations: What Do Leaders Do? Manley A. Begay, Jr., Stephen Cornell, Miriam Jorgensen, and Nathan Pryor 12. Seizing the Future: Why Some Native Nations Do and Others Don't Stephen Cornell, Miriam Jorgensen, Joseph P. Kalt, and Katherine Spilde Contreras Afterword by Satsan (Herb George) References About the Contributors Index

The Gentile Times Reconsidered

The Gentile Times Reconsidered

  • Author: Carl Olof Jonsson
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780914675075
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 390
  • View: 1402
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Where Happiness Dwells

Where Happiness Dwells

A History of the Dane-zaa First Nations

  • Author: Robin Ridington,Jillian Ridington
  • Publisher: UBC Press
  • ISBN: 0774822988
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 420
  • View: 3029
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The Dane-zaa people have lived in BC's Peace River area for thousands of years. Elders documented their peoples' history and worldview, passing them on through storytelling. Language loss, however, threatens to break the bonds of knowledge transmission. At the request of the Doig River First Nations, anthropologists Robin and Jillian Ridington present a history of the Dane-zaa people based on oral histories collected over a half century of fieldwork. These powerful stories not only preserve traditional knowledge for future generations, they also tell the inspiring story of how the Dane-zaa learned to succeed and flourish in the modern world.

German Strategic Culture Revisited

German Strategic Culture Revisited

Linking the Past to Contemporary German Strategic Choice

  • Author: Tobias M. Wilke
  • Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
  • ISBN: 3825807312
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 146
  • View: 1398
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On the background of the heated debates on the extension of the Bundeswehr's spatial and functional remit since the mid-1990s, the EU member-states' readiness to agree on the 2003 European Security Strategy appears puzzling, as this document sets the normative and ideational framework for a new kind of robust military engagement on a global scale. Employing epistemological ideas of the concept of strategic culture on basis of a constructivist ontology, this book explores the causal mechanisms sufficient for the origin and adaptation of a pacifist turned "normal" German strategic culture.

Documents of Life Revisited

Documents of Life Revisited

Narrative and Biographical Methodology for a 21st Century Critical Humanism

  • Author: Professor Liz Stanley
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 1472401050
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 238
  • View: 6159
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The cultural and narrative turn has had a considerable impact upon research in the social sciences as well as in the arts and humanities, with Ken Plummer's Documents of Life constituting a central text in the turn towards to narrative, biographical and qualitative methodologies, challenging and changing the nature of research in sociology and further afield. Bringing together the latest research on auto/biographical and narrative methods, Documents of Life Revisited offers a sympathetic yet critical engagement with Plummer's work, exploring a range of different kinds of life documents and delineating a critical humanist methodology for researching and writing about these. A rich examination of the methods and methodologies associated with contemporary research in the social sciences and humanities, this book will be of interest to those concerned with the use and importance of biographical and narrative sources and documents of life investigations. As such, it will appeal to sociologists, social anthropologists and geographers, as well as scholars of cultural studies and cultural history, literary studies and library, archive and cultural management, social policy and medical studies.

The Major Transitions in Evolution

The Major Transitions in Evolution

  • Author: John Maynard Smith,Eors Szathmary
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780198502944
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 346
  • View: 8053
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During evolution there have been several major changes in the way genetic information is organized and transmitted from one generation to the next. These transitions include the origin of life itself, the first eukaryotic cells, reproduction by sexual means, the appearance of multicellular plants and animals, the emergence of cooperation and of animal societies. This is the first book to discuss all these major transitions and their implications for our understanding of evolution.Clearly written and illustrated with many original diagrams, this book will be welcomed by students and researchers in the fields of evolutionary biology, ecology, and genetics.