Search Results for "ontology-revisited"

Ontology Revisited

Ontology Revisited

Metaphysics in Social and Political Philosophy

  • Author: Ruth Groff
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0415574110
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 136
  • View: 4595
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Groff's argument runs counter to the familiar anti-metaphysical habit. Social and political philosophy, she maintains, is not as metaphysically neutral as it may seem. Even the most deontological of theories connects up with an attendant set of philosophical commitments regarding what kinds of things exist, as a fundamental ontological matter, and what they are like. These are topics of interest not just to social and political philosophers, but to social scientists and to philosophers of social science as well. "Ruth Groff has broken new ground in demonstrating the connection between social and political thought and the ontology of causal powers. Her account of the structure of Humean thinking about agency is excellent. Especially significant is the role that she assigns to Kantianism in the analysis that she develops. She moves effortlessly between contemporary metaphysics, political theory, critical social theory, and the history of modern philosophy, offering trenchant insights along the way into the work of thinkers ranging from Hume himself to Mill, Adorno, and Martha Nussbaum, and into debates over agent causation and emergence. There is even a discussion, in the final chapter, of Spinoza. This is big-picture philosophy at its best: rigorous and exacting at the level of detail; original, compelling and systematic in the whole." - Stephen Mumford, Professor of Metaphysics and Dean of the Faculty of Arts, University of Nottingham

Databases and Information Systems V

Databases and Information Systems V

Selected Papers from the Eighth International Baltic Conference, DB&IS 2008

  • Author: Hele-Mai Haav,Ahto Kalja
  • Publisher: IOS Press
  • ISBN: 1586039393
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 311
  • View: 1748
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The Eighth International Baltic Conference on Databases and Information Systems took place on June 25 2008 in Tallinn, Estonia. This conference is continuing a series of successful bi-annual Baltic conferences on databases and information systems (IS). The aim is to provide a wide international forum for academics and practitioners in the field of databases and modern information systems for exchanging their achievements in this area. The original research results presented in Databases and Information Systems V mostly belong to novel fields of IS and database research such as database technology and the semantic web, ontology-based IS, IS and AI technologies and IS integration. The contribution of Dr. Jari Palomauml;ki showed how different ontological commitments affect the way we are modeling the world when creating an information system. As semantic technologies have been gaining more attention recently, a special session on semantic interoperability of IS was organized. The invited talks from each Baltic State gave a good insight how semantic interoperability initiatives are developing in each of the Baltic States and how they relate to the European semantic interoperability framework.

Aquinas's Ontology of the Material World

Aquinas's Ontology of the Material World

Change, Hylomorphism, and Material Objects

  • Author: Jeffrey E. Brower
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191023752
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 304
  • View: 9965
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What is the nature of the material world? And how are its fundamental constituents to be described? These questions are of central concern to contemporary philosophers, and in their attempt to answer them, they have begun reconsidering traditional views about metaphysical structure, including the Aristotelian view that material objects are best described as 'hylomorphic compounds'—that is, objects composed of both matter (hyle) and form (morphe). In this major new study, Jeffrey E. Brower presents and explains the hylomorphic conception of the material world developed by Thomas Aquinas, the most influential Aristotelian of the Middle Ages. According to Brower, the key to understanding Aquinas's conception lies in his distinctive account of intrinsic change. Beginning with a novel analysis of this account, Brower systematically introduces all the elements of Aquinas's hylomorphism, showing how they apply to material objects in general and human beings in particular. The resulting picture not only sheds new light on Aquinas's ontology as a whole, but provides a wholesale alternative to the standard contemporary accounts of material objects. In addition to presenting and explaining Aquinas's views, Brower seeks wherever possible to bring them into dialogue with the best recent literature on related topics. Along the way, he highlights the contribution that Aquinas's views make to a host of contemporary metaphysical debates, including the nature of change, composition, material constitution, the ontology of stuff vs. things, the proper analysis of ordinary objects, the truthmakers for essential vs. accidental predication, and the metaphysics of property possession.

The Four-Category Ontology

The Four-Category Ontology

A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

  • Author: E. J. Lowe
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199254397
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 222
  • View: 8770
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E. J. Lowe sets out and defends his theory of what there is. His four-category ontology is a metaphysical system that recognizes two fundamental categorial distinctions which cut across each other to generate four fundamental ontological categories. The distinctions are between the particular and the universal and between the substantial and the non-substantial. The four categories thus generated are substantial particulars, non-substantial particulars, substantial universals andnon-substantial universals. Non-substantial universals include properties and relations, conceived as universals. Non-substantial particulars include property-instances and relation-instances, otherwise known as non-relational and relational tropes or modes. Substantial particulars include propertiedindividuals, the paradigm examples of which are persisting, concrete objects. Substantial universals are otherwise known as substantial kinds and include as paradigm examples natural kinds of persisting objects.This ontology has a lengthy pedigree, many commentators attributing it to Aristotle on the basis of certain passages in his apparently early work, the Categories. At various times during the history of Western philosophy, it has been revived or rediscovered, but it has never found universal favour, perhaps on account of its apparent lack of parsimony as well as its commitment to universals. In pursuit of ontological economy, metaphysicians have generally preferred to recognize fewerthan four fundamental ontological categories. However, Occam's razor stipulates only that we should not multiply entities beyond necessity; Lowe argues that the four-category ontology has an explanatory power unrivalled by more parsimonious systems, and that this counts decisively in its favour. He shows thatit provides a powerful explanatory framework for a unified account of causation, dispositions, natural laws, natural necessity and many other related matters, such as the semantics of counterfactual conditionals and the character of the truthmaking relation. As such, it constitutes a thoroughgoing metaphysical foundation for natural science.

Kierkegaard in Post/modernity

Kierkegaard in Post/modernity

  • Author: Martin Joseph Matuštík,Merold Westphal
  • Publisher: Indiana University Press
  • ISBN: 9780253209672
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 304
  • View: 4152
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"This volume represents a fine assessment of the continuing applicability of Kierkegaard's thought for the 21st century."Â —The Reader's Review "Matustík and Westphal have set some agile minds to the task of drawing out the threads of Kierkegaard's influence on postmodern and contemporary philosophy, from gender to politics and from Buber to Derrida." —Choice "... Usefully and effectively establishes Kierkegaard as a living presence in contemporary thought. It will help students of Kierkegaard attend to aspects of his thought that have eluded their attention, and it will challenge those engaged with contemporary continental philosophy not to shelter themselves from the provocations and interrogrations still uncomfortably pressing in Kierkegaard's writings." —International Philosophical Quarterly "The standard of the essays and the calibre of the contributors are uniformly high. This is indeed one of the better collections relating to Kierkegaard published in recent years, and should do much to extend discussion of his work..." —Modern Believing "... a text of immense significance and value.... As a research tool it will surely prove indispensable." —Søren Kierkegaard Newsletter "It will be a helpful supplementary areading for teaching... the contemporary readings of Kierkegaard introduced here continue to reveal new and more exciting depths to his extraordinary philosophy." —Teaching Philosophy These essays engage Kierkegaard in conversation with critical social theory and postmodern thought. Covering a diversity of themes, this collection still reflects consensus—Kierkegaard is to be taken seriously as a philosopher at the turn of the twenty-first century.

Formal Ontology in Information Systems

Formal Ontology in Information Systems

Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference (FOIS 2006)

  • Author: Brandon Bennett,Christiane Fellbaum
  • Publisher: IOS Press
  • ISBN: 9781586036850
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 373
  • View: 4494
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"Researchers in areas such as artificial intelligence, formal and computational linguistics, biomedical informatics, conceptual modeling, knowledge engineering and information retrieval have come to realise that a solid foundation for their research calls for serious work in ontology, understood as a general theory of the types of entities and relations that make up their respective domains of inquiry. In all these areas, attention is now being focused on the content of information rather than on just the formats and languages used to represent information. The clearest example of this development is provided by the many initiatives growing up around the project of the Semantic Web. And, as the need for integrating research in these different fields arises, so does the realisation that strong principles for building well-founded ontologies might provide significant advantages over ad hoc, case-based solutions. The tools of formal ontology address precisely these needs, but a real effort is required in order to apply such philosophical tools to the domain of information systems. Reciprocally, research in the information sciences raises specific ontological questions which call for further philosophical investigations. The purpose of FOIS is to provide a forum for genuine interdisciplinary exchange in the spirit of a unified effort towards solving the problems of ontology, with an eye to both theoretical issues and concrete applications. This book contains a wide range of areas, all of which are important to the development of formal ontologies."

Metaphysics, 1987

Metaphysics, 1987

  • Author: James E. Tomberlin
  • Publisher: Ridgeview Publishing Company
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 526
  • View: 6583
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Collaboration Support for the Distributed Development of Ontologies

Collaboration Support for the Distributed Development of Ontologies

  • Author: Fan Bai
  • Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
  • ISBN: 3844102280
  • Category:
  • Page: 142
  • View: 8271
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The development of ontologies which aims at capturing knowledge as a formal structural framework, is an important foundation for a wide range of applications. Since ontology development is usually a collaborative activity which may span a long period of time, it is critical to provide developers with a suitable development environment that supports collaboration in a flexible manner and that facilitates the building of robust and accurate ontologies. In this dissertation, the author focusses his effort on providing an easy-to-use collaborative ontology development environment that supports both synchronous and asynchronous collaborative activities. Two prototype systems were developed to reach the goal based on an extensive requirement study. The first prototype system servers numerous functions in supporting synchronized cooperation. A Java based application provides developers with several functions. For example, with the help of group-awareness and a locking mechanism, involved developers become aware of actions from other users, which enables them to work without conflict in terms of editing the same ontology resources. Based on the experiences gathered from implementing the first prototype system, the requirement of supporting asynchronous cooperation was studied. A version control system especially in the fields of coping with ontology data structure is a central component to satisfy the requirement. This second approach primarily supports local workspaces that can be synchronized with a central server-based ontology store and is capable of controlling versions on the level of individual ontology resources. Although working in their own workspace ontology developers can achieve a consensual shared ontology through committing, updating and merging activities. Each version of an ontology resource will be preserved in the form of a snapshot. The evolution of either a single ontology resource or the entire ontology can further be illustrated to developers in a

German Strategic Culture Revisited

German Strategic Culture Revisited

Linking the Past to Contemporary German Strategic Choice

  • Author: Tobias M. Wilke
  • Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
  • ISBN: 3825807312
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 146
  • View: 6045
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On the background of the heated debates on the extension of the Bundeswehr's spatial and functional remit since the mid-1990s, the EU member-states' readiness to agree on the 2003 European Security Strategy appears puzzling, as this document sets the normative and ideational framework for a new kind of robust military engagement on a global scale. Employing epistemological ideas of the concept of strategic culture on basis of a constructivist ontology, this book explores the causal mechanisms sufficient for the origin and adaptation of a pacifist turned "normal" German strategic culture.

Philosophische Abhandlungen

Philosophische Abhandlungen

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8320
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New Idols of the Cave

New Idols of the Cave

On the Limits of Anti-realism

  • Author: Christopher Norris
  • Publisher: Manchester University Press
  • ISBN: 9780719050930
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 253
  • View: 6274
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This book offers a broad-based critical survey of recent anti-realist arguments in the philosophy of science, cultural theory, hermeneutics, the sociology of knowledge and the interpretation of quantum-mechanics.

Seven years of Manifold, 1968-1980

Seven years of Manifold, 1968-1980

  • Author: Ian Stewart,John Jaworski
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 94
  • View: 775
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Russell Revisited

Russell Revisited

Critical Reflections on the Thought of Bertrand Russell

  • Author: Alan Schwerin under the auspices of the Bertrand Russell Society
  • Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • ISBN: 1443806897
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 165
  • View: 6257
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Bertrand Russell has played a central role in the development of modern western philosophy, especially analytic philosophy. An appreciation of the main themes and arguments of the thinkers who contributed to this modern movement in philosophy must include references to and analyses of Russell’s important contributions. It would seem that many do recognize the significance of his thought and have shown this in a somewhat dramatic manner. Russell’s Google number, for instance, is about 2.35 million. If the number of entries listed in this search engine is any indication of the level of interest online in Russell, we can surely conclude that the thought and life of this aristocratic English philosopher, logician and humanist still captures the imagination of tens of thousands, if not millions around the globe – even some thirty-seven years after his death. How do we account for this abiding interest in Russell? In a word it is accessibility. Whether it is the complex epistemological issue of the veracity of sense-data, the conundrums associated with the possibility of non-existent objects, the intricacies of the debates on the nature of language or the interminable search of a clear understanding of happiness, Russell inevitably has something profound and clear to say on the matter. Readers of Russell Revisited: Critical Reflections on the Thought of Bertrand Russell will be reminded of this fact time and time again as they explore the analyses here. Representing some of the best of the most recent scholarship on Russell, the articles gathered in this collection serve as a testament to the value of Russell’s diverse contributions to a wide range of challenging philosophical issues.

The Frankfurt School Revisited

The Frankfurt School Revisited

  • Author: Richard Wolin
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135445397
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 328
  • View: 7692
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This volume is a collection of essays by Richard Wolin, a leading political theorist and intellectual historian. It is the follow up to Wolin’s two recent, widely acclaimed books: Heidegger’s Children and The Seduction of Unreason. In those books, he explored the legacy of Martin Heidegger and his impact on some of his most influential and notable students. He dealt particularly with the effect that Heidegger’s subsequent embrace of fascism and National Socialism had on these students. Delving further in his next book, Wolin explored the question of why philosophers and intellectuals have been drawn to antiliberal, antidemocratic fascism. The essays in this book are focused on European Political Thought particularly with figures associated with the Frankfurt School. The collection represents a virtual who’s who of European political thinkers with essays on Walter Benjamin, Adorno, Marcuse, Arendt, Heidegger, Weber, Jaspers, and Carl Schmitt. Moving beyond these thinkers and those books, this collection will also include essays on contemporary political issues such as post-communist revolutions, human rights, global democracy, the revival of republicanism, and religion and public life.

The philosophy of Panayot Butchvarov

The philosophy of Panayot Butchvarov

a collegial evaluation

  • Author: Larry Lee Blackman
  • Publisher: Edwin Mellen Press
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 366
  • View: 1485
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This anthology consists of twelve essays concerning the thought of University of Iowa Distinguished Professor of Philosophy, Panayot Butchvarov, together with his comments on each, revealing extraordinary breadth and depth, running the gamut of metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, philosophy of language, and philosophy of mind.

Nomadic Theory

Nomadic Theory

The Portable Rosi Braidotti

  • Author: Rosi Braidotti
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231525427
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 416
  • View: 6729
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Rosi Braidotti's nomadic theory outlines a sustainable modern subjectivity as one in flux, never opposed to a dominant hierarchy yet intrinsically other, always in the process of becoming, and perpetually engaged in dynamic power relations both creative and restrictive. Nomadic theory offers an original and powerful alternative for scholars working in cultural and social criticism and has, over the past decade, crept into continental philosophy, queer theory, and feminist, postcolonial, techno-science, media, and race studies, as well as into architecture, history, and anthropology. This collection provides a core introduction to Braidotti's nomadic theory and its innovative formulations, which playfully engage with Deleuze, Foucault, Irigaray, and a host of political and cultural issues. Arranged thematically, essays begin with such concepts as sexual difference and embodied subjectivity and follow with explorations in technoscience, feminism, postsecular citizenship, and the politics of affirmation. Braidotti develops a distinctly positive critical theory that rejuvenates the experience of political scholarship. Inspired yet not confined by Deleuzian vitalism, with its commitment to the ontology of flows, networks, and dynamic transformations, she emphasizes affects, imagination, and creativity and the politics of radical immanence. Incorporating ideas from Nietzsche and Spinoza as well, Braidotti establishes a critical-theoretical framework equal parts critique and creation. Ever mindful of the perils of defining difference in terms of denigration and the related tendency to subordinate sexualized, racialized, and naturalized others, she explores the eco-philosophical implications of nomadic theory, feminism, and the irreducibility of sexual difference and sexuality. Her dialogue with technoscience is crucial to nomadic theory, which deterritorializes the established understanding of what counts as human, along with our relationship to animals, the environment, and changing notions of materialism. Keeping her distance from the near-obsessive focus on vulnerability, trauma, and melancholia in contemporary political thought, Braidotti promotes a politics of affirmation that has the potential to become its own generative life force.

Analogical Investigations

Analogical Investigations

  • Author: G. E. R. Lloyd
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107107849
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 154
  • View: 6915
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Penetrating cross-cultural analysis of alternative models of human reasoning. Uses examples from ancient Greek and Chinese thought and recent ethnography.

The Real Cassian Revisited

The Real Cassian Revisited

Monastic Life, Greek Paideia, and Origenism in the Sixth Century

  • Author: Panayiotis Tzamalikos
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004225307
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 568
  • View: 1901
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Following the discovery of a new Greek Father, namely, Cassian the Sabaite, who, by means of Medieval forgery, has been heretofore eclipsed by a figment known as ‘John Cassian of Marseilles’, this book casts new light on the Late Antique interplay between Hellenism and Christianity, sixth century Origenism, and Christian influence upon Neoplatonism.

Physiological and biochemical basis for perinatal medicine

Physiological and biochemical basis for perinatal medicine

  • Author: Samuel Z. Levine
  • Publisher: S. Karger AG (Switzerland)
  • ISBN: 9783805512831
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 368
  • View: 3514
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Manifold

Manifold

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 2351
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