Search Results for "oxford-textbook-of-nature-and-public-health"

Oxford Textbook of Nature and Public Health

Oxford Textbook of Nature and Public Health

The Role of Nature in Improving the Health of a Population

  • Author: Howard Frumkin
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0198725914
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 360
  • View: 2889
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Human beings have always been affected by their surroundings. There are various health benefits linked to being able to access to nature; including increased physical activity, stress recovery, and the stimulation of child cognitive development. The Oxford Textbook of Nature and Public Health provides a broad and inclusive picture of the relationship between our own health and the natural environment. All aspects of this unique relationship are covered, ranging from disease prevention through physical activity in green spaces to innovative ecosystem services, such as climate change adaptation by urban trees. Potential hazardous consequences are also discussed including natural disasters, vector-borne pathogens, and allergies. This book analyses the complexity of our human interaction with nature and includes sections for example epigenetics, stress physiology, and impact assessments. These topics are all interconnected and fundamental for reaching a full understanding of the role of nature in public health and wellbeing. Much of the recent literature on environmental health has primarily described potential threats from our natural surroundings. The Oxford Textbook of Nature and Public Health instead focuses on how nature can positively impact our health and wellbeing, and how much we risk losing by destroying it. The all-inclusive approach provides a comprehensive and complete coverage of the role of nature in public health, making this textbook invaluable reading for health professionals, students, and researchers within public health, environmental health, and complementary medicine.

Oxford Textbook of Medicine: Infection

Oxford Textbook of Medicine: Infection

  • Author: David Warrell,Timothy M. Cox,John Firth,Estée Török
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199652139
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 900
  • View: 7064
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The Oxford Textbook of Medicine: Infection is an authoritative resource on infectious diseases. Comprehensive in its coverage and beautifully illustrated in full colour, it is an essential guide to the present-day management and prevention of a wide variety of infectious diseases. Covering diseases that are both familiar and tropical as well as those that continue to emerge, medical professionals will find it immensely valuable when diagnosing and preventinginfection in their day-to-day practice.

The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics

The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics

  • Author: Ezekiel J. Emanuel
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0195168658
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 827
  • View: 2138
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The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics is the first systematic and comprehensive reference on clinical research ethics. Under the editorship of experts from the National Institutes of Health of the United States, the book offers a wide-ranging and systematic examination of all aspects of research with human beings. Considering historical triumphs of research as well as tragedies, the textbook provides a framework for analysing the ethical aspects of research studies with human beings. Through both conceptual analysis and systematic reviews of empirical data, the textbook examines issues ranging from scientific validity, fair subject selection, risk benefit ratio, independent review, and informed consent as well as focused consideration of international research ethics, conflicts of interests and other aspects of responsible conduct of research. The editors of The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics offer a work that critically assesses and advances scholarship in the field of human subjects research with human beings.

Die unterste Milliarde

Die unterste Milliarde

Warum die ärmsten Länder scheitern und was man dagegen tun kann

  • Author: Paul Collier
  • Publisher: Pantheon Verlag
  • ISBN: 3641204941
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 9669
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Der vielfach preisgekrönte Longseller jetzt in einer neuen Ausgabe Die unterste Milliarde – das sind die ärmsten Menschen der Erde, die am weltweit steigenden Wirtschaftswachstum keinen Anteil haben. Ihre Lebenserwartung ist auf fünfzig Jahre gesunken, jedes siebte Kind stirbt vor dem fünften Lebensjahr. Seit Jahrzehnten befinden sich die Ökonomien dieser Länder im freien Fall – ohne Aussicht auf Besserung. In seinem vielfach preisgekrönten Bestseller erklärt Paul Collier, wie es zu dieser krassen Armut gekommen ist und was man gegen sie tun kann.

Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health

Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health

  • Author: Roger Detels,Distinguished Professor of Epidemiology and Infectious Diseases Rogers Detels,Martin Gulliford,Quarraisha Abdool Karim,Chorh Chuan Tan
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 0199661758
  • Category: Public health
  • Page: 1854
  • View: 7460
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The Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health is the ultimate resource on the subject of public health and epidemiology. The sixth edition has been thoroughly revised and updated, offering a global and comprehensive perspective on wide-ranging public health needs and priorities in modern health care. The sixth edition, available both in print and online, retains its approach of dividing the complex, dynamic subject of public health into three topics. 'The Scope of Public Health' discusses the development of the discipline, determinants of health and disease, public health policies, and law and ethics. Next, the textbook focuses on 'The Methods of Public Health,' including the main science behind the discipline - epidemiology. Finally, 'The Practice of Public Health' examines specific public health problems and the options for prevention and control. As well as identifying these issues by system or disease, there is also an awareness of the unique needs of particular population groups. New topics in this edition include: Climate change, genetic testing and epidemiology; new methods for measuring the burden of disease; life course approaches to epidemiology, behavioural economics; and physical activity, health and wellbeing. Two new editors, Quarraisha Abdool Karim (South Africa) and Chorh Chuan Tan (Singapore), join the established editor team of Roger Detels (USA), and Martin Gulliford (UK), representing a truly global outlook. The contributors are experts who have been drawn from around the world, offering perspectives from vastly different health systems with ranging public health needs and priorities. The Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health remains the most comprehensive, accessible text in the field, and is an essential reference for students and practitioners in public health and epidemiology.

The Oxford Handbook of U.S. Healthcare Law

The Oxford Handbook of U.S. Healthcare Law

  • Author: I. Glenn Cohen
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199366527
  • Category: Medical care
  • Page: 1216
  • View: 9983
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The Oxford Handbook of U.S. Health Law covers the breadth and depth of health law, with contributions from the most eminent scholars in the field. The Handbook paints with broad thematic strokes the major features of American healthcare law and policy, its recent reforms including the Affordable Care Act, its relationship to medical ethics and constitutional principles, and how it compares to the experience of other countries. It explores the legal framework for the patient experience, from access through treatment, to recourse (if treatment fails), and examines emerging issues involving healthcare information, the changing nature of healthcare regulation, immigration, globalization, aging, and the social determinants of health. This Handbook provides valuable content, accessible to readers new to the subject, as well as to those who write, teach, practice, or make policy in health law.

The Secret Life of Your Microbiome

The Secret Life of Your Microbiome

Why Nature and Biodiversity are Essential to Health and Happiness

  • Author: Susan Prescott,Alan Logan
  • Publisher: New Society Publishers
  • ISBN: 1771422416
  • Category: Health & Fitness
  • Page: 384
  • View: 5100
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Written with pace, clarity, and humor by world-renowned scientists in immunology, nutrition, and environmental health, The Secret Life of Your Microbiome makes the irrefutable case that our health and happiness depends fundamentally on the health of our personal biodiversity and the biodiversity around us, and shows how we can nurture this nature.

Der Adler der Neunten Legion

Der Adler der Neunten Legion

  • Author: Rosemary Sutcliff
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783772524615
  • Category:
  • Page: 317
  • View: 9106
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Social Injustice and Public Health

Social Injustice and Public Health

  • Author: Barry S. Levy,Victor W. Sidel
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199939225
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 559
  • View: 5710
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This second edition of Social Injustice and Public Health is a comprehensive, up-to-date, evidence-based resource on the relationship of social injustice to many aspects of public health. With contributions from leading experts in public health, medicine, health, social sciences, and other fields, this integrated book documents the adverse effects of social injustice on health and makes recommendations on what needs to be done to reduce social injustice and thereby improve the public's health. Social Injustice and Public Health is divided into four parts: · The nature of social injustice and its impact on public health · How the health of specific population groups is affected by social injustice · How social injustice adversely affects medical care, infectious and chronic non-communicable disease, nutrition, mental health, violence, environmental and occupational health, oral health, and aspects of international health · What needs to be done, such as addressing social injustice in a human rights context, promoting social justice through public health policies and programs, strengthening communities, and promoting equitable and sustainable human development With 78 contributors who are experts in their respective subject areas, this textbook is ideal for students and practitioners in public health, medicine, nursing, and other health sciences. It is the definitive resource for anyone seeking to better understand the social determinants of health and how to address them to reduce social injustice and improve the public's health.

Oxford Textbook of Public Health

Oxford Textbook of Public Health

History, determinants, scope and strategies

  • Author: Ernest George Knox
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780192613691
  • Category: Public health
  • Page: 400
  • View: 6225
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Public Health

Public Health

A Very Short Introduction

  • Author: Virginia Berridge
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 019968846X
  • Category: MEDICAL
  • Page: 138
  • View: 4955
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This Very Short Introduction outlines the nature of public health in our world today and places public health in its historical context from the earliest times, analysing in particular the changes in public health regulation through the nineteenth century and the twentieth and twenty first centuries.

The Oxford Handbook of Skills and Training

The Oxford Handbook of Skills and Training

  • Author: John Buchanan,David Finegold
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199655367
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 672
  • View: 4048
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Skills and workforce development are at the heart of much research on work, employment and management. But are they so important? To what extent can they make a difference for individuals, organisations and nations? How are the supply and - more importantly - the utilisation of skill - current evolving? What are the key factors shaping skills trajectories of the future? This Handbook provides an authoritative consideration of issues such these. It does so by drawing on experts in a wide range of disciplines including sociology, economics, labour/industrial relations, human resource management, education, and geography. The Handbook is relevant for all with an interest in the changing nature, and future, of work, employment and management. It draws on the latest scholarly insights to shed new light on all the major issues concerning skills and training today. While written primarily by leading scholars in the field it is equally relevant to policy makers and practitioners responsible for shaping the development of human capability today and into the future.

Oxford Textbook of Women and Mental Health

Oxford Textbook of Women and Mental Health

  • Author: Dora Kohen
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199214360
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 333
  • View: 9015
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The Oxford Textbook of Women and Mental Health presents a balanced understanding of different aspects of gender and mental health. Exploring issues covering psychological, social, and cultural aspects of mental health problems, this work looks at epidemiological data that shows the increased frequency of different clinical aspects of many psychiatric disorders in women, and helps readers to appreciate the societal, parental, and personal consequences of mental health problems. The online version of the Oxford Textbook of Women and Mental Health contains the full text of the print edition (which can be browsed by the contents list or searched), links from references in the text to external sources (via PubMed, ISI, and CrossRef), and all figures and illustrations from the print edition, downloadable into PowerPoint.

The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

  • Author: Barry C. Feld,Donna M. Bishop
  • Publisher: OUP USA
  • ISBN: 0195385101
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 934
  • View: 6235
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State-of-the-art critical reviews of recent scholarship on the causes of juvenile delinquency, juvenile justice system responses, and public policies to prevent and reduce youth crime are brought together in a single volume authored by leading scholars and researchers in neuropsychology, developmental and social psychology, sociology, history, criminology/criminal justice, and law.

Oxford Textbook of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Disease

Oxford Textbook of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Disease

  • Author: Bo Norrving
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 019964120X
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 290
  • View: 4624
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Stroke is a major health concern worldwide, and the epidemiological data is staggering. One in six people will have a stroke during the course of their life; it is the second most common cause of death; and stroke also ranks second among causes contributing to the global burden of disability. However, the burden of stroke can be alleviated: it is potentially preventable, treatable, and possible to manage long term. Despite continuing advances in our knowledge about this disease, there is currently still a large evidence-to-clinical practice gap in all regions. The Oxford Textbook of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Disease is a comprehensive textbook on clinical stroke, covering all major aspects of cerebrovascular disease including epidemiology, risk factors, primary prevention, pathophysiology, diagnostics, clinical features, acute therapies, secondary prevention, prognosis, and rehabilitation. It makes use of current pedagogic principles, and includes not only aspects on management in the acute hospital phase of stroke, but also public health issues, prevention, long-term management, and silent vascular disease (which is becoming increasingly epidemic in the general population). Topical aspects also include advice to improve clinical skills in examination, diagnosing, and treating stroke. The text also covers the fields of silent cerebrovascular disease (silent brain infarcts, microbleeds, white matter ischemic abnormalities) that more recently have been recognized to be highly prevalent in the general population, and that carry important risks on vascular events and cognitive decline/dementia. Chapters are written by a most distinguished group of international experts in the field of stroke from around the world, and have been carefully edited to ensure consistency in style and clarity of contents. The concurrent online version allows access to the full content of the textbook, contains links from the references to primary research journal articles, allows full text searches, and provides access to figures and tables that can be downloaded to PowerPointRG. Practical, easy to use, yet detailed with respect to pathophysiology, diagnostics, and management, this text provides a source of reference for the detection and management of all stroke and less common cerebrovascular diseases for practising and trainee neurologists, geriatricians, and all stroke physicians and clinicians.

Textbook of Children's Environmental Health

Textbook of Children's Environmental Health

  • Author: Philip J. Landrigan,Ruth A. Etzel
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199336660
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 608
  • View: 3822
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Over the past four decades, the prevalence of autism, asthma, ADHD, obesity, diabetes, and birth defects have grown substantially among children around the world. Not coincidentally, more than 80,000 new chemicals have been developed and released into the global environment during this same period. Today the World Health Organization attributes 36% of all childhood deaths to environmental causes. Children's environmental health is a new and expanding discipline that studies the profound impact of chemical and environmental hazards on child health. Amid mounting evidence that children are exquisitely sensitive to their environment-and that exposure during their developmental "windows of susceptibility" can trigger cellular changes that lead to disease and disability in infancy, childhood, and across the life span-there is a compelling need for continued scientific study of the relationship between children's health and environment. The Textbook of Children's Environmental Health codifies the knowledge base and offers an authoritative and comprehensive guide to this important new field. Edited by two internationally recognized pioneers in the area, this volume presents up-to-date information on the chemical, biological, physical, and societal hazards that confront children in today's world: pesticides, indoor and outdoor air pollution, lead, arsenic, phthalates, bisphenol A, brominated flame retardants, ionizing radiation, electromagnetic fields, and the built environment. It presents carefully documented data on rising rates of disease in children, offers a critical summary of new research linking pediatric disease with environmental exposures, and explores the cellular, molecular, and epigenetic mechanisms underlying diseases of environmental origin. With this volume's emphasis upon integrating theory and practice, readers will find practical approaches to channeling scientific findings into evidence-based strategies for preventing and identifying the environmental hazards that cause disease in children. It is a landmark work that will serve as the field's benchmark for years to come.

The Oxford Handbook of the Human Essence

The Oxford Handbook of the Human Essence

  • Author: John F. Dovidio,Martijn van Zomeren
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190247576
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 304
  • View: 2223
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What is the human essence? Although typically viewed as one of the big questions in philosophy, exploring the human essence requires a deep and comprehensive understanding of the human condition and thus social psychological perspectives are pivotal. Advances in social-psychological theorizing and research suggest that humans can be viewed as biological beings as well as cultural creatures, rational reasoners as well as emotional enigmas, moral minds as well as amoral agents. In this volume, talented scholars come together to present a fascinating array of insight into such topics ranging from evolutionary approaches to social constructivist accounts that essentially deny the existence of a human essence altogether. As such, this volume showcases the various shades of human essence that social psychology has discovered. Through these novel chapters, edited by Martijn van Zomeren and John F. Dovidio, The Oxford Handbook of the Human Essence expertly articulates both what social psychology can tell us about the human essence, and the astonishing range of perspectives reflected within this field. Consequently, this volume also raises important questions about the future of social psychology and the role of the notion of the human essence.

The Oxford Handbook of Law, Regulation and Technology

The Oxford Handbook of Law, Regulation and Technology

  • Author: Roger Brownsword,Eloise Scotford,Karen Yeung
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199680833
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 1360
  • View: 7228
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The variety, pace, and power of technological innovations that have emerged in the 21st Century have been breathtaking. These technological developments, which include advances in networked information and communications, biotechnology, neurotechnology, nanotechnology, robotics, and environmental engineering technology, have raised a number of vital and complex questions. Although these technologies have the potential to generate positive transformation and help address 'grand societal challenges', the novelty associated with technological innovation has also been accompanied by anxieties about their risks and destabilizing effects. Is there a potential harm to human health or the environment? What are the ethical implications? Do this innovations erode of antagonize values such as human dignity, privacy, democracy, or other norms underpinning existing bodies of law and regulation? These technological developments have therefore spawned a nascent but growing body of 'law and technology' scholarship, broadly concerned with exploring the legal, social and ethical dimensions of technological innovation. This handbook collates the many and varied strands of this scholarship, focusing broadly across a range of new and emerging technology and a vast array of social and policy sectors, through which leading scholars in the field interrogate the interfaces between law, emerging technology, and regulation. Structured in five parts, the handbook (I) establishes the collection of essays within existing scholarship concerned with law and technology as well as regulatory governance; (II) explores the relationship between technology development by focusing on core concepts and values which technological developments implicate; (III) studies the challenges for law in responding to the emergence of new technologies, examining how legal norms, doctrine and institutions have been shaped, challenged and destabilized by technology, and even how technologies have been shaped by legal regimes; (IV) provides a critical exploration of the implications of technological innovation, examining the ways in which technological innovation has generated challenges for regulators in the governance of technological development, and the implications of employing new technologies as an instrument of regulatory governance; (V) explores various interfaces between law, regulatory governance, and new technologies across a range of key social domains.