Search Results for "pedigree-how-elite-students-get-elite-jobs"

Pedigree

Pedigree

How Elite Students Get Elite Jobs

  • Author: Lauren A. Rivera
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400880742
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 400
  • View: 3557
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Americans are taught to believe that upward mobility is possible for anyone who is willing to work hard, regardless of their social status, yet it is often those from affluent backgrounds who land the best jobs. Pedigree takes readers behind the closed doors of top-tier investment banks, consulting firms, and law firms to reveal the truth about who really gets hired for the nation's highest-paying entry-level jobs, who doesn’t, and why. Drawing on scores of in-depth interviews as well as firsthand observation of hiring practices at some of America’s most prestigious firms, Lauren Rivera shows how, at every step of the hiring process, the ways that employers define and evaluate merit are strongly skewed to favor job applicants from economically privileged backgrounds. She reveals how decision makers draw from ideas about talent—what it is, what best signals it, and who does (and does not) have it—that are deeply rooted in social class. Displaying the "right stuff" that elite employers are looking for entails considerable amounts of economic, social, and cultural resources on the part of the applicants and their parents. Challenging our most cherished beliefs about college as a great equalizer and the job market as a level playing field, Pedigree exposes the class biases built into American notions about the best and the brightest, and shows how social status plays a significant role in determining who reaches the top of the economic ladder.

Pedigree

Pedigree

How Elite Students Get Elite Jobs

  • Author: Lauren A. Rivera
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780691169279
  • Category:
  • Page: 392
  • View: 844
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Americans are taught to believe that upward mobility is possible for anyone who is willing to work hard, that college is a great equalizer, and that the job market is a level playing field. Yet it is often those from affluent backgrounds who land the best opportunities. Pedigree takes readers behind the closed doors of prestigious investment banks, consulting firms, and law firms to reveal the truth about who really gets hired for the nation's highest-paying entry-level jobs, who doesn't, and why. Drawing on in-depth interviews as well as firsthand observation of hiring practices, Lauren Rivera reveals how decision makers' ideas about talent--what it is, what best signals it, and who does and doesn't have it--are deeply rooted in social class. Displaying the "right stuff" that elite employers are looking for entails considerable amounts of economic, social, and cultural capital on the part of the applicants and their parents. Pedigree exposes the class biases built into American notions about the best and the brightest, and shows how social status plays a significant role in determining who reaches the top.

Pedigree

Pedigree

How Elite Students Get Elite Jobs

  • Author: Lauren A. Rivera
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780691155623
  • Category: BUSINESS & ECONOMICS
  • Page: 392
  • View: 4230
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"In this riveting account of how the nation's top investment banks, consultancies, and law firms choose employees, Lauren Rivera goes inside the recruitment process, interviewing the interviewers and sitting in on their decision meetings. This eye-opening book exposes how the American elite keep the best jobs for themselves."--Frank Dobbin, author of "Inventing Equal Opportunity" ""Pedigree" provides a rare behind-the-scenes look at the hiring processes for elite jobs. Rivera's thoughtful ethnographic observations illuminate exactly how social class matters, and how the display of cultural skills can be crucial for job seekers to gain access to elite positions. It is an eye-opening book."--Annette Lareau, University of Pennsylvania " "Rivera identifies the myriad ways that class influences every stage of the hiring process at top-tier firms, showing how it is that individuals from affluent backgrounds have come to dominate the most elite segments of the American labor market. She pulls back the curtain time and time again, revealing how processes that are apparently class, race, and gender neutral are anything but."--Elizabeth A. Armstrong, coauthor of "Paying for the Party: How College Maintains Inequality" ""Pedigree" sets a new standard of rigor for qualitative social-science research. Rivera shows how educational stratification in the United States is particularly pronounced and caste-like at the gateway to elite professions, and how the boundary between elite colleges and the elite firms that recruit from them is so fuzzy as to be only ceremonial."--Mitchell L. Stevens, author of "Creating a Class: College Admissions and the Education of Elites"

Intern Nation: How to Earn Nothing and Learn Little in the Brave New Economy

Intern Nation: How to Earn Nothing and Learn Little in the Brave New Economy

  • Author: Ross Perlin
  • Publisher: Verso Books
  • ISBN: 1844678830
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 268
  • View: 925
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Presents insights into the use of interns in a variety of firms and organizations, discussing the economic impact of internships, their effect on business practices, and the ethical problems associated with them.

Body & Soul

Body & Soul

Notebooks of an Apprentice Boxer

  • Author: Loïc J. D. Wacquant
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0195305620
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 274
  • View: 4243
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In the late 1980s Wacquant, a white, French-born, French and American sociology graduate student, entered the Woodlawn gym on 63rd Street in Chicago and began training as a boxer. This text invites us to follow Wacquant's immersion into the everyday world of Chicago's boxers.

Inventing Equal Opportunity

Inventing Equal Opportunity

  • Author: Frank Dobbin
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9781400830893
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 360
  • View: 2195
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Equal opportunity in the workplace is thought to be the direct legacy of the civil rights and feminist movements and the landmark Civil Rights Act of 1964. Yet, as Frank Dobbin demonstrates, corporate personnel experts--not Congress or the courts--were the ones who determined what equal opportunity meant in practice, designing changes in how employers hire, promote, and fire workers, and ultimately defining what discrimination is, and is not, in the American imagination. Dobbin shows how Congress and the courts merely endorsed programs devised by corporate personnel. He traces how the first measures were adopted by military contractors worried that the Kennedy administration would cancel their contracts if they didn't take "affirmative action" to end discrimination. These measures built on existing personnel programs, many designed to prevent bias against unionists. Dobbin follows the changes in the law as personnel experts invented one wave after another of equal opportunity programs. He examines how corporate personnel formalized hiring and promotion practices in the 1970s to eradicate bias by managers; how in the 1980s they answered Ronald Reagan's threat to end affirmative action by recasting their efforts as diversity-management programs; and how the growing presence of women in the newly named human resources profession has contributed to a focus on sexual harassment and work/life issues. Inventing Equal Opportunity reveals how the personnel profession devised--and ultimately transformed--our understanding of discrimination.

Women of the Upper Class

Women of the Upper Class

  • Author: Susan Ostrander
  • Publisher: Temple University Press
  • ISBN: 9781439905371
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 194
  • View: 5620
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Although these women are economically and socially powerful, they are for the most part unliberated.

Classes, Power, and Conflict

Classes, Power, and Conflict

Classical and Contemporary Debates

  • Author: Anthony Giddens,David Held
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 9780520046276
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 646
  • View: 3391
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In recent years a remarkable range of new work has been produced dealing with class inequalities, the division of labor, and the state. In these writings scholars previously working in isolation from one another in sociology, economics, political science, and history have found common ground. Much of this work has been influenced by Marxist theory, but at the same time it has involved critiques of established Marxist views, and incorporated ideas drawn from other sources. These developments have until now not been reflected in existing course texts which are often diffusely concerned with "social stratification” and lack reference to contemporary theory. Classes, Power, and Conflict breaks new ground in providing a comprehensive introduction to current debates and contemporary research. In also connects these to the classical sources, concentrating particularly on Marx, Lenin and Weber. The book therefore offers a comprehensive coverage of materials for students who have little or no prior acquaintance with the field. Each section of the book contains a substantial introduction, explaining and expanding on the themes of the selections contained within that section. Classes, Power, and Conflict can be expected to become the standard text for courses in sociology and political science.

Still a Man's World

Still a Man's World

Men Who Do Women's Work

  • Author: Christine L. Williams
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 0520087879
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 243
  • View: 6391
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Includes bibliographical references and index.

Excellent Sheep

Excellent Sheep

The Miseducation of the American Elite and the Way to a Meaningful Life

  • Author: William Deresiewicz
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN: 1476702721
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 256
  • View: 2945
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A Yale professor and author of A Jane Austen Education evaluates the consequences of high-pressure educational and parenting approaches that challenge the mind's ability to think critically and creatively, calling for strategic changes that can offer college students a self-directed sense of purpose.

Challenging Operations

Challenging Operations

Medical Reform and Resistance in Surgery

  • Author: Katherine C. Kellogg
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 0226430014
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 248
  • View: 7815
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In 2003, in the face of errors and accidents caused by medical and surgical trainees, the American Council of Graduate Medical Education mandated a reduction in resident work hours to eighty per week. Over the course of two and a half years spent observing residents and staff surgeons trying to implement this new regulation, Katherine C. Kellogg discovered that resistance to it was both strong and successful—in fact, two of the three hospitals she studied failed to make the change. Challenging Operations takes up the apparent paradox of medical professionals resisting reforms designed to help them and their patients. Through vivid anecdotes, interviews, and incisive observation and analysis, Kellogg shows the complex ways that institutional reforms spark resistance when they challenge long-standing beliefs, roles, and systems of authority. At a time when numerous policies have been enacted to address the nation’s soaring medical costs, uneven access to care, and shortage of primary-care physicians, Challenging Operations sheds new light on the difficulty of implementing reforms and offers concrete recommendations for effectively meeting that challenge.

Top Student, Top School?

Top Student, Top School?

How Social Class Shapes Where Valedictorians Go to College

  • Author: Alexandria Walton Radford
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022604100X
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 281
  • View: 4014
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Most of us think that valedictorians can write their own ticket. By reaching the top of their class they have proven their merit, so their next logical step should be to attend the nation’s very best universities. Yet in Top Student, Top School?, Alexandria Walton Radford, of RTI International, reveals that many valedictorians do not enroll in prestigious institutions. Employing an original five-state study that surveyed nine hundred public high school valedictorians, she sets out to determine when and why valedictorians end up at less selective schools, showing that social class makes all the difference. Radford traces valedictorians’ paths to college and presents damning evidence that high schools do not provide sufficient guidance on crucial factors affecting college selection, such as reputation, financial aid, and even the application process itself. Left in a bewildering environment of seemingly similar options, many students depend on their parents for assistance—and this allows social class to rear its head and have a profound impact on where students attend. Simply put, parents from less affluent backgrounds are far less informed about differences in colleges’ quality, the college application process, and financial aid options, which significantly limits their child’s chances of attending a competitive school, even when their child has already managed to become valedictorian. Top Student, Top School? pinpoints an overlooked yet critical juncture in the education process, one that stands as a barrier to class mobility. By focusing solely on valedictorians, it shows that students’ paths diverge by social class even when they are similarly well-prepared academically, and this divergence is traceable to specific failures by society, failures that we can and should address. Watch an interview of Alexandria Walton Radford discussing her book here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F81c1D1BpY0

Changing Times for Black Professionals

Changing Times for Black Professionals

  • Author: Adia Harvey Wingfield
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136164847
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 52
  • View: 1933
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This book is a study of the challenges, issues, and obstacles facing black professional workers in the United States. Though they have always been a part of the U.S. labor force, black professionals have often been overlooked in media, research, and public opinion. Ironically, however, their experiences offer a particularly effective way to understand how race shapes social life, opportunities, and upward mobility. As the 21st century continues to usher in increasing demographic, social, and economic change to the United States, it is critical to consider the impact this will have on an important sector of the labor force. In this book, I examine the reasons why sociological study of black professional workers is important and valuable, review the literature that examines their experiences in the workplace, and consider the issues and challenges they are likely to face in a rapidly shifting social world. The goal of this new, unique Series is to offer readable, teachable "thinking frames" on today’s social problems and social issues by leading scholars, all in short 60 page or shorter formats, and available for view on http://routledge.customgateway.com/routledge-social-issues.html For instructors teaching a wide range of courses in the social sciences, the Routledge Social Issues Collection now offers the best of both worlds: originally written short texts that provide "overviews" to important social issues as well as teachable excerpts from larger works previously published by Routledge and other presses.

Sociology as a Population Science

Sociology as a Population Science

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 1107127831
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6401
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The Power of the Past

The Power of the Past

Understanding Cross-Class Marriages

  • Author: Jessi Streib
  • Publisher: OUP Us
  • ISBN: 0199364435
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 290
  • View: 9503
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In an era in which class divisions are becoming starker than ever, some individuals are choosing to marry across class. The Power of the Past traces the lives of a subset of these individuals - highly-educated adults who married a partner raised in a class different from their own, primarily between those from blue- and white-color backgrounds. Drawing upon detailed interviews with spouses who revealed the inner workings of their marriages, Jessi Streib shows that crossing class lines is not easy, and that even though these couples shared bank accounts, mortgages, children, and friends, each spouse was still shaped by the class of their past, and consequently, so was their marriage. Streib reveals what was rarely apparent to the husbands and wives she interviewed. The class of their past did not only matter in determining the amount of money they had as children or what job their parents went off to each morning; It also mattered in more subtle ways, by systematically shaping their ideas of how to go about their daily lives. Upwardly mobile spouses who grew up in blue-collar families learned to take a laissez-faire approach to the world around them: they preferred to go with the flow, make the most of the moment, and avoid self-imposed constraints. Their spouses, who grew up in professional white-collar families, however, wanted to manage the world around them: they organized, planned, monitored, and oversaw. Living with a spouse who was born into a different class means navigating these differences - differences that appeared across nearly every aspect of their lives, from how they manage their finances, to how they manage their time - both at home and on vacation - to ideas about how their children should be raised. The Power of the Past illustrates that when individuals are raised in different classes, merged lives do not lead to merged ideas about how to lead those lives. Individuals can come together across class lines, but their enduring class characteristics cannot be left behind.

Privilege

Privilege

The Making of an Adolescent Elite at St. Paul's School

  • Author: Shamus Rahman Khan
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9781400836222
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 248
  • View: 9318
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As one of the most prestigious high schools in the nation, St. Paul's School in Concord, New Hampshire, has long been the exclusive domain of America's wealthiest sons. But times have changed. Today, a new elite of boys and girls is being molded at St. Paul's, one that reflects the hope of openness but also the persistence of inequality. In Privilege, Shamus Khan returns to his alma mater to provide an inside look at an institution that has been the private realm of the elite for the past 150 years. He shows that St. Paul's students continue to learn what they always have--how to embody privilege. Yet, while students once leveraged the trappings of upper-class entitlement, family connections, and high culture, current St. Paul's students learn to succeed in a more diverse environment. To be the future leaders of a more democratic world, they must be at ease with everything from highbrow art to everyday life--from Beowulf to Jaws--and view hierarchies as ladders to scale. Through deft portrayals of the relationships among students, faculty, and staff, Khan shows how members of the new elite face the opening of society while still preserving the advantages that allow them to rule.

The Diversity Bargain

The Diversity Bargain

And Other Dilemmas of Race, Admissions, and Meritocracy at Elite Universities

  • Author: Natasha K. Warikoo
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022640028X
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 320
  • View: 5560
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We’ve heard plenty from politicians and experts on affirmative action and higher education, about how universities should intervene—if at all—to ensure a diverse but deserving student population. But what about those for whom these issues matter the most? In this book, Natasha K. Warikoo deeply explores how students themselves think about merit and race at a uniquely pivotal moment: after they have just won the most competitive game of their lives and gained admittance to one of the world’s top universities. What Warikoo uncovers—talking with both white students and students of color at Harvard, Brown, and Oxford—is absolutely illuminating; and some of it is positively shocking. As she shows, many elite white students understand the value of diversity abstractly, but they ignore the real problems that racial inequality causes and that diversity programs are meant to solve. They stand in fear of being labeled a racist, but they are quick to call foul should a diversity program appear at all to hamper their own chances for advancement. The most troubling result of this ambivalence is what she calls the “diversity bargain,” in which white students reluctantly agree with affirmative action as long as it benefits them by providing a diverse learning environment—racial diversity, in this way, is a commodity, a selling point on a brochure. And as Warikoo shows, universities play a big part in creating these situations. The way they talk about race on campus and the kinds of diversity programs they offer have a huge impact on student attitudes, shaping them either toward ambivalence or, in better cases, toward more productive and considerate understandings of racial difference. Ultimately, this book demonstrates just how slippery the notions of race, merit, and privilege can be. In doing so, it asks important questions not just about college admissions but what the elite students who have succeeded at it—who will be the world’s future leaders—will do with the social inequalities of the wider world.

The Short and Tragic Life of Robert Peace

The Short and Tragic Life of Robert Peace

A Brilliant Young Man Who Left Newark for the Ivy League

  • Author: Jeff Hobbs
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN: 1476731918
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 432
  • View: 3762
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Traces a young man's effort to escape the dangers of the streets and his own nature after graduating from Yale, describing his youth in violent 1980s Newark, efforts to navigate two fiercely insular worlds and life-ending drug deals. 75,000 first printing.

Creating a Class

Creating a Class

  • Author: Mitchell L Stevens
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674044037
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 318
  • View: 7932
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In real life, Stevens is a professor at Stanford University. But for a year and a half, he worked in the admissions office of a bucolic New England college known for its high academic standards, beautiful campus, and social conscience. Ambitious high schoolers and savvy guidance counselors know that admission here is highly competitive. But creating classes, Stevens finds, is a lot more complicated than most people imagine.

Humanitarian Logistics

Humanitarian Logistics

Meeting the Challenge of Preparing For and Responding To Disasters

  • Author: Peter Tatham,Martin Christopher
  • Publisher: Kogan Page Publishers
  • ISBN: 0749481455
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 376
  • View: 9454
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Effective logistics play a critical role in disaster preparation and response, but how can those working in this field deliver in environments which are often dangerous and unstable? Humanitarian Logistics provides thought-provoking guidance and discussion of the core issues facing practitioners involved in managing the logistics of disaster relief. With insights from academics and practitioners who have worked in these situations, this multi-contributed book offers suggestions for best practice and international perspectives on the nature of the humanitarian logistics challenge. Now in its third edition, Humanitarian Logistics is fully updated and contains new chapters on providing support for complex emergencies, waste management and reverse logistics, the application of value stream analysis and the potential of new technologies such as 3D printing, cash transfer programmes and drones. With a particular focus on pre-disaster preparation and inter-agency cooperation, this book is essential reading for anyone who needs to understand how to respond effectively during a disaster or crisis. Includes online resources for lecturers and students.