Search Results for "perception-and-misperception-in-international-politics"

Perception and Misperception in International Politics

Perception and Misperception in International Politics

  • Author: Robert Jervis
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400885116
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 544
  • View: 1514
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With a new preface by the authorSince its original publication in 1976, Perception and Misperception in International Politics has become a landmark book in its field, hailed by the New York Times as "the seminal statement of principles underlying political psychology." This new edition includes an extensive preface by the author reflecting on the book's lasting impact and legacy, particularly in the application of cognitive psychology to political decision making, and brings that analysis up to date by discussing the relevant psychological research over the past forty years. Jervis describes the process of perception (for example, how decision makers learn from history) and then explores common forms of misperception (such as overestimating one's influence). He then tests his ideas through a number of important events in international relations from nineteenth- and twentieth-century European history. Perception and Misperception in International Politics is essential for understanding international relations today.

Perception and Misperception in International Politics

Perception and Misperception in International Politics

  • Author: Robert Jervis
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400873134
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 464
  • View: 6405
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This study of perception and misperception in foreign policy was a landmark in the application of cognitive psychology to political decision making. The New York Times called it, in an article published nearly ten years after the book's appearance, "the seminal statement of principles underlying political psychology." The perspective established by Jervis remains an important counterpoint to structural explanations of international politics, and from it has developed a large literature on the psychology of leaders and the problems of decision making under conditions of incomplete information, stress, and cognitive bias. Jervis begins by describing the process of perception (for example, how decision makers learn from history) and then explores common forms of misperception (such as overestimating one's influence). Finally, he tests his ideas through a number of important events in international relations from nineteenth- and twentieth-century European history. In a contemporary application of Jervis's ideas, some argue that Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait in 1990 in part because he misread the signals of American leaders with regard to the independence of Kuwait. Also, leaders of the United States and Iraq in the run-up to the most recent Gulf War might have been operating under cognitive biases that made them value certain kinds of information more than others, whether or not the information was true. Jervis proved that, once a leader believed something, that perception would influence the way the leader perceived all other relevant information.

Handbuch Internationale Beziehungen

Handbuch Internationale Beziehungen

  • Author: Frank Sauer,Carlo Masala
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3531199188
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 1172
  • View: 5518
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Das Handbuch Internationale Beziehungen ist die zweite, vollständig überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage des Handbuchs der Internationalen Politik. Das neue Handbuch vermittelt einen umfassenden Überblick über den state of the art der politikwissenschaftlichen Teildisziplin Internationale Beziehungen in deutscher Sprache. Es präsentiert theoretische und methodische Grundlagen der Forschung in den Internationalen Beziehungen und stellt die wesentlichen Akteure und Problemfelder der internationalen Politik vor. Das Nachschlagewerk richtet sich sowohl an Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler als auch an Studierende und die interessierte Öffentlichkeit.

How Statesmen Think

How Statesmen Think

The Psychology of International Politics

  • Author: Robert Jervis
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400885337
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 3595
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Robert Jervis has been a pioneering leader in the study of the psychology of international politics for more than four decades. How Statesmen Think presents his most important ideas on the subject from across his career. This collection of revised and updated essays applies, elaborates, and modifies his pathbreaking work. The result is an indispensable book for students and scholars of international relations. How Statesmen Think demonstrates that expectations and political and psychological needs are the major drivers of perceptions in international politics, as well as in other arenas. Drawing on the increasing attention psychology is paying to emotions, the book discusses how emotional needs help structure beliefs. It also shows how decision-makers use multiple shortcuts to seek and process information when making foreign policy and national security judgments. For example, the desire to conserve cognitive resources can cause decision-makers to look at misleading indicators of military strength, and psychological pressures can lead them to run particularly high risks. The book also looks at how deterrent threats and counterpart promises often fail because they are misperceived. How Statesmen Think examines how these processes play out in many situations that arise in foreign and security policy, including the threat of inadvertent war, the development of domino beliefs, the formation and role of national identities, and conflicts between intelligence organizations and policymakers.

System Effects

System Effects

Complexity in Political and Social Life

  • Author: Robert Jervis
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9781400822409
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 328
  • View: 2477
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Based on more than three decades of observation, Robert Jervis concludes in this provocative book that the very foundations of many social science theories--especially those in political science--are faulty. Taking insights from complexity theory as his point of departure, the author observes that we live in a world where things are interconnected, where unintended consequences of our actions are unavoidable and unpredictable, and where the total effect of behavior is not equal to the sum of individual actions. Jervis draws on a wide range of human endeavors to illustrate the nature of these system effects. He shows how increasing airport security might actually cost lives, not save them, and how removing dead trees (ostensibly to give living trees more room) may damage the health of an entire forest. Similarly, he highlights the interconnectedness of the political world as he describes how the Cold War played out and as he narrates the series of events--with their unintended consequences--that escalated into World War I. The ramifications of developing a rigorous understanding of politics are immense, as Jervis demonstrates in his critique of current systemic theories of international politics--especially the influential work done by Kenneth Waltz. Jervis goes on to examine various types of negative and positive feedback, bargaining in different types of relationships, and the polarizing effects of alignments to begin building a foundation for a more realistic, more nuanced, theory of international politics. System Effects concludes by examining what it means to act in a system. It shows how political actors might modify their behavior in anticipation of system effects, and it explores how systemic theories of political behavior might account for the role of anticipation and strategy in political action. This work introduces powerful new concepts that will reward not only international relations theorists, but also all social scientists with interests in comparative politics and political theory.

Handbuch Friedensethik

Handbuch Friedensethik

  • Author: Ines-Jacqueline Werkner,Klaus Ebeling
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3658146869
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 979
  • View: 5902
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Dieses Handbuch bietet eine umfassende, systematische Übersicht zu zentralen Aspekten der Friedensethik, einen interdisziplinären Zugang zum Stand der Forschung sowie zu aktuellen politischen und gesellschaftlichen Debatten. Es versammelt einerseits zahlreiche Beiträge zur Ideengeschichte und zu den theoretischen Grundlagen der Friedensethik. Andererseits suchen Expertinnen und Experten aus den relevanten Fachgebieten eine realitäts- und problembewusste Auseinandersetzung mit den Herausforderungen unserer konfliktbeladenen Gegenwart und nehmen dabei die Spannungen zwischen normativer und erklärender Theorie sowie zwischen Theorie und lebensweltlicher Erfahrung in den Blick. Somit ist dieses Buch ein unentbehrlicher Helfer sowohl in der wissenschaftlichen Forschung und Lehre als auch in der Politik und der zivilgesellschaftlichen und kirchlichen Friedensarbeit.

Psychology and Deterrence

Psychology and Deterrence

  • Author: Robert Jervis,Richard Ned Lebow,Janice Gross Stein
  • Publisher: JHU Press
  • ISBN: 9780801838422
  • Category: History
  • Page: 288
  • View: 5301
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Now available in paperback, Psychology and Deterrence reveals deterrence strategy's hidden and generally simplistic assumptions about the nature of power and aggression, threat and response, and calculation and behavior in the international arena.

Psychologie der Intelligenz

Psychologie der Intelligenz

  • Author: Jean Piaget
  • Publisher: Klett-Cotta
  • ISBN: 9783608940145
  • Category:
  • Page: 196
  • View: 4994
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Rational Choice

Rational Choice

Eine Kritik am Beispiel von Anwendungen in der Politischen Wissenschaft. Übersetzung aus dem Amerikanischen von Annette Schmitt

  • Author: Donald P. Green,Ian Shapiro
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • ISBN: 3486831607
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 271
  • View: 6557
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In diesem gut lesbaren und verständlichen Buch bewerten die Autoren die Anwendung der Rational-Choice-Theorie. In ihrer herben Kritik zeigen Green und Shapiro auf, dass die hoch gelobten Ergebnisse der Rational-Choice-Theorie tatsächlich äußerst suspekt sind und dass ein grundsätzliches Umdenken erforderlich ist, um diesen analytischen Ansatz in der Politikwissenschaft wirklich nutzen zu können. Diesen Prozess des Umdenkens wollen die Autoren mit ihrem Buch anstoßen.

Die Zukunft Europas in einer Welt im Umbruch

Die Zukunft Europas in einer Welt im Umbruch

Festschrift zum 65. Geburtstag von Prof. Dr. Beate Neuss

  • Author: Wolfram Hilz,Antje Nötzold
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3658215496
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 493
  • View: 1114
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In dieser Festschrift stehen die drei großen Forschungsfelder von Beate Neuss im Mittelpunkt: Europäische Integration, transatlantische Beziehungen und aktuelle Sicherheitsherausforderungen. Die Autorinnen und Autoren des Sammelbandes, Praktiker und Wissenschaftler unterschiedlicher Disziplinen, analysieren Aspekte, die angesichts der aktuellen Entwicklungen innerhalb der Europäischen Union, an ihrer Peripherie und im transatlantischen Verhältnis im wissenschaftlichen und öffentlichen Diskurs hochaktuell sind. Neben den Herausforderungen für die deutsche Politik und die europäische Ebene werden auch die Wechselwirkungen in der EU, zwischen den transatlantischen Partnern und bei spezifischen Sicherheitsherausforderungen beleuchtet. Darüber hinaus werden aktuelle Veränderungen in Deutschland und dessen sich verändernde Rolle in Europa und der Welt angesprochen.

Evolutionäre Psychologie

Evolutionäre Psychologie

  • Author: David M. Buss
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783827370945
  • Category: Evolution
  • Page: 599
  • View: 2221
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In den verschiedenen Verhaltenswissenschaften hat sich ein Ansatz etabliert, der als "Neodarwinische Renaissance" angesehen werden kann. Dieser evolutionäre Ansatz breitet sich in jüngster Zeit auch in der Psychologie zunehmend aus. David Buss gilt als einer der Pioniere der evolutionären Psychologie. Die inhaltlichen Schwerpunkte in dem Standardwerk von Buss liegen auf Fragen zu Liebe und Partnerschaft sowie zur Persönlichkeit. Es orientiert sich an den grundlegenden Anpassungsproblemen der Psychologie. Die verschiedenen Teilbereiche der Psychologie werden aus einer evolutionären Perspektive betrachtet.

Kernwaffen und auswärtige Politik

Kernwaffen und auswärtige Politik

  • Author: Henry Kissinger
  • Publisher: De Gruyter Oldenbourg
  • ISBN: 9783486416626
  • Category: Nuclear warfare
  • Page: 420
  • View: 7634
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Psychology, Strategy and Conflict

Psychology, Strategy and Conflict

Perceptions of Insecurity in International Relations

  • Author: James W. Davis
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136219188
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 250
  • View: 1536
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This volume examines the explanatory nesting approach in the analysis of international relations and its continuing relevance in the 21st century. International relations theory urgently needs strategies for coping with the growing complexity of the international system following the collapse of the US–Soviet bipolar stalemate, the multiple challenges to US unipolar hegemony, and the rise of powerful non-Western actors. Over the course of this book, leading scholars of international relations and diplomatic history return to an approach to explanation pioneered in the writings of Robert Jervis. The approach calls for nesting multiple layers of explanation--systemic, strategic, and perceptual--in an integrated causal account that is simultaneously parsimonious and nuanced. Highlighting the logic of strategic interactions under uncertainty, it also integrates the effects of psychological biases and the unintended consequences of acting in complex systems to provide explanations that are at once theoretically rigorous and rich in empirical detail. Analyzing the current state of Realist theory, signaling under conditions of uncertainty and anarchy, the role of nuclear weapons in international politics, the role of cognition and emotions in economic and foreign policy decision making, and questions of responsibility in international affairs, the authors provide a compelling guide for the future of international relations theory. This book will be of much interest to students of international relations, foreign policy, and security studies.

Perceptions and Behavior in Soviet Foreign Policy

Perceptions and Behavior in Soviet Foreign Policy

  • Author: Richard K. Herrmann
  • Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
  • ISBN: 0822977060
  • Category: History
  • Page: 288
  • View: 8212
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This book discerns Soviet leaders' views of the United States and sees them in relation to foreign policy statements and actions. Hermann first examines the subtle problem of analyzing perceptions and interpreting motives from the words and deeds of national leaders. He then turns to cases, measuring the dominant U.S. hypotheses about the USSR against Soviet behavior in Central Europe, the Middle East, Africa, and Asia, as well as Soviet participation in the arms race. Finally, he weighs his conclusions against a thematic study of speeches and publications by members of the Politburo.

Psychology and Constructivism in International Relations

Psychology and Constructivism in International Relations

An Ideational Alliance

  • Author: Vaughn P. Shannon,Paul A. Kowert
  • Publisher: University of Michigan Press
  • ISBN: 0472117998
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 277
  • View: 6374
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Psychology and constructivism together offer new ways of understanding international relations

Classics of International Relations

Classics of International Relations

Essays in Criticism and Appreciation

  • Author: Henrik Bliddal,Casper Sylvest,Peter Wilson
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135018669
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 276
  • View: 7767
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Classics of International Relations introduces, contextualises and assesses 24 of the most important works on international relations of the last 100 years. Providing an indispensable guide for all students of IR theory, from advanced undergraduates to academic specialists, it asks why are these works considered classics? Is their status deserved? Will it endure? It takes as its starting point Norman Angell’s best-selling The Great Illusion (1909) and concludes with Daniel Deudney’s award winning Bounding Power (2006). The volume does not ignore established classics such as Morgenthau’s Politics Among Nations and Waltz’s Theory of International Politics, but seeks to expand the ‘IR canon’ beyond its core realist and liberal texts. It thus considers emerging classics such as Linklater’s critical sociology of moral boundaries, Men and Citizens in the Theory of International Relations, and Enloe’s pioneering gender analysis, Bananas, Beaches and Bases. It also innovatively considers certain ‘alternative format’ classics such as Kubrick’s satire on the nuclear arms race, Dr Strangelove, and Errol Morris’s powerful documentary on war and US foreign policy, The Fog of War. With an international cast of contributors, many of them leading authorities on their subject, Classics of International Relations will become a standard reference for all those wishing to make sense of a rapidly developing and diversifying field. Classics of International Relations is designed to become a standard reference text for advanced undergraduates, post-graduates and lecturers in the field of IR.

Ontological Security in International Relations

Ontological Security in International Relations

Self-Identity and the IR State

  • Author: Brent J. Steele
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 113598008X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 14
  • View: 7394
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The central assertion of this book is that states pursue social actions to serve self-identity needs, even when these actions compromise their physical existence. Three forms of social action, sometimes referred to as ‘motives’ of state behaviour (moral, humanitarian, and honour-driven) are analyzed here through an ontological security approach. Brent J. Steele develops an account of social action which interprets these behaviours as fulfilling a nation-state's drive to secure self-identity through time. The anxiety which consumes all social agents motivates them to secure their sense of being, and thus he posits that transformational possibilities exist in the ‘Self’ of a nation-state. The volume consequently both challenges and complements realist, liberal, constructivist and post-structural accounts to international politics. Using ontological security to interpret three cases - British neutrality during the American Civil War (1861-1865), Belgium’s decision to fight Germany in 1914, and NATO’s (1999) Kosovo intervention - the book concludes by discussing the importance for self-interrogation in both the study and practice of international relations. Ontological Security in International Relations will be of particular interest to students and researchers of international politics, international ethics, international relations and security studies.