Search Results for "piezoelectric-ceramics-principles-and-applications"

Piezoelectric Ceramics

Piezoelectric Ceramics

Principles and Applications

  • Author: Ltd Apc International
  • Publisher: Apc International, Limited
  • ISBN: 9780615565033
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 114
  • View: 4404
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APC International, Ltd.'s textbook on the principles and applications of piezoelectric ceramics covers: general principles of piezoelectricity and behavior of piezoelectric ceramic elements fundamental mathematics of piezoelectricity traditional and experimental applications for piezoelectric materials, and related physical principles for each application: audible sound producers, flow meters, fluid level sensors, motors, pumps, delay lines, transformers, other apparatus introduction to single crystals, composites, and other latest-generation piezoelectric materials Contents Introduction piezoelectricity / piezoelectric constants behavior / stability of piezoelectric ceramic elements new materials: relaxors / single crystals / others characteristics of piezoelectric materials from APC International, Ltd. Generators generators solid state batteries Sensors axial sensors flexional sensors special designs and applications: composites / SAW sensors / others Actuators axial and transverse actuators: simple / compound (stack) / multilayer flexional actuators / flextensional devices applications for piezoelectric actuators Transducers audible sound transducers generating ultrasonic vibrations in liquids or solids transmitting ultrasonic signals in air or water flow meters / fluid level sensors / delay lines / transformers / composites Miscellaneous securing a piezoelectric ceramic element attaching electrical leads testing performance Note: This is a 2nd edition to APC's textbook published in 2002. Updates in the 2nd edition reflect changes to APC's product lines and corrections outlined on the errata sheet distributed with the 2002 edition.

Lehrbuch der Kristallphysik (mit Ausschluss der Kristalloptik)

Lehrbuch der Kristallphysik (mit Ausschluss der Kristalloptik)

  • Author: Woldemar Voigt
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3663158845
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 979
  • View: 7694
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Piezoelectric and Acoustic Materials for Transducer Applications

Piezoelectric and Acoustic Materials for Transducer Applications

  • Author: Ahmad Safari,E. Koray Akdogan
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 0387765409
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 482
  • View: 2996
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The book discusses the underlying physical principles of piezoelectric materials, important properties of ferroelectric/piezoelectric materials used in today’s transducer technology, and the principles used in transducer design. It provides examples of a wide range of applications of such materials along with the appertaining rationales. With contributions from distinguished researchers, this is a comprehensive reference on all the pertinent aspects of piezoelectric materials.

Nanostructured Ceramics

Nanostructured Ceramics

Characterization and Analysis

  • Author: Debasish Sarkar
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 1351617125
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 270
  • View: 4330
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This book discusses fundamentals of nanostructured ceramics involving functional, structural and high temperature materials. It provides both solved numerical problems and unsolved problems to enable the reader to envisage the correlation between synthesis process and properties in the perspective of new material development. It serves as a concise text to answer the basics and achieve research goals for academia and industry. Key Features Deals with basic strategy on data interpretation for nanostructured ceramics Proposes to bridge the gap between the nano and bulk properties of nanostructured ceramics Discusses brief schematics and equations to understand the different properties of nano to bulk ceramics Presents mode of data acquisition and interpretation through statistical module and solved numerical Includes unsolved numericals based on properties, data acquisition and interpretation

Piezoelectricity

Piezoelectricity

Evolution and Future of a Technology

  • Author: Walter Heywang,Karl Lubitz,Wolfram Wersing
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3540686835
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 582
  • View: 4458
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Discovered in 1880, piezoelectric materials play a key role in an innovative market of several billions of dollars. Recent advances in applications derive from new materials and their development, as well as to new market requirements. With the exception of quartz, ferroelectric materials are used for they offer both high efficiency and sufficient versatility to meet adequately the multidimensional requirements for application. Consequently, strong emphasis is placed on tailoring materials and technology, whether one deals with single crystals, ceramics or plastic materials. Tailoring requires a basic understanding of both physical principles and technical possibilities and limitations. This report elucidates these developments by a broad spectrum of examples, comprising ultrasound in medicine and defence industry, frequency control, signal processing by SAW-devices, sensors, actuators, including novel valves for modern motor management. It delivers a mutual fertilization of technology push and market pull that should be of interest not only to materials scientists or engineers but also to managers who dedicate themselves to a sound future-oriented R&D policy.

Electroceramics

Electroceramics

Materials, Properties, Applications

  • Author: A. J. Moulson,J. M. Herbert
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0470864974
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 576
  • View: 9892
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Electroceramics, Materials, Properties, Applications, Second Edition provides a comprehensive treatment of the many aspects of ceramics and their electrical applications. The fundamentals of how electroceramics function are carefully introduced with their properties and applications also considered. Starting from elementary principles, the physical, chemical and mathematical background of the subject are discussed and wherever appropriate, a strong emphasis is placed on the relationship between microstructire and properties. The Second Edition has been fully revised and updated, building on the foundation of the earlier book to provide a concise text for all those working in the growing field of electroceramics. fully revised and updated to include the latest technological changes and developments in the field includes end of chapter problems and an extensive bibliography an Invaluable text for all Materials Science students. a useful reference for physicists, chemists and engineers involved in the area of electroceramics.

Classic and Advanced Ceramics

Classic and Advanced Ceramics

From Fundamentals to Applications

  • Author: Robert B. Heimann
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 352763018X
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 573
  • View: 746
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Based on the author's lectures to graduate students of geosciences, physics, chemistry and materials science, this didactic handbook covers basic aspects of ceramics such as composition and structure as well as such advanced topics as achieving specific functionalities by choosing the right materials. The focus lies on the thermal transformation processes of natural raw materials to arrive at traditional structural ceramics and on the general physical principles of advanced functional ceramics. The book thus provides practice-oriented information to readers in research, development and engineering on how to understand, make and improve ceramics and derived products, while also serving as a rapid reference for the practitioner. The choice of topics and style of presentation make it equally useful for chemists, materials scientists, engineers and mineralogists.

Piezoelectric Multilayer Beam Bending Actuators

Piezoelectric Multilayer Beam Bending Actuators

Static and Dynamic Behavior and Aspects of Sensor Integration

  • Author: Rüdiger G. Ballas
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3540326421
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 358
  • View: 8562
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This book describes the application of piezoelectric materials, particularly piezoceramics, in the wide field of actuators and sensors. It gives a step-by-step introduction to the structure and mechanics of piezoelectric beam bending actuators in multilayer technology, which are of increasing importance for industrial applications. The book presents the suitability of the developed theoretical aspects in a memorable way.

Industrielle Keramik

Industrielle Keramik

Zweiter Band Massen, Glasuren, Farbkörper Herstellungsverfahren

  • Author: Felix Singer,Sonja S. Singer
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3642929893
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 752
  • View: 6462
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Ferroelectrics

Ferroelectrics

Principles and Applications

  • Author: Ashim Kumar Bain,Prem Chand
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 3527342141
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 328
  • View: 5776
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Combining both fundamental principles and real-life applications in a single volume, this book discusses the latest research results in ferroelectrics, including many new ferroelectric materials for the latest technologies, such as capacitors, transducers and memories. The first two chapters introduce dielectrics and microscopic materials properties, while the following chapter discusses pyroelectricity and piezoelectricity. The larger part of the text is devoted to ferroelectricity and ferroelectric ceramics, with not only their fundamentals but also applications discussed. The book concludes with a look at the future for laser printed materials and applications. With over 600 references to recent publications on piezoelectric and ferroelectric materials, this is an invaluable reference for physicists, materials scientists and engineers.

Applications of ATILA FEM software to smart materials

Applications of ATILA FEM software to smart materials

7. Designing ultrasonic motors (USM) with ATILA

  • Author: S.-J. Yoon
  • Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • ISBN: 0128087269
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 400
  • View: 3711
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Piezoelectric ultrasonic motors offer many advantages such as high retention being very controllable, high torque at low speed, light weight, simple structure and no electromagnetic field induction compared with the conventional electromagnetic motors. These advantages have helped to expand the application fields where precise position control and rotational/linear motions can be utilized. One of the most remarkable features of the compact ultrasonic motor is that it has higher design flexibility compared with that of the conventional electromagnetic motors whose efficiency significantly decreases with miniaturization. In order to build a novel ultrasonic motor for a specific purpose, it is essential to examine the structural design and the electrical and mechanical properties prior to preparing a real motor. The ATILA simulation tool offers useful information related to the performance for a designed piezoelectric ultrasonic motor. A real motor can therefore easily be manufactured with minimized trial and error. In this chapter, two types of tiny motors are presented, including the process of ATILA simulation and the fabrication of ultrasonic piezoelectric motors.

Piezoelectric Ceramics

Piezoelectric Ceramics

  • Author: Bernard Jaffe
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 0323155685
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 328
  • View: 6482
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Piezoelectric Ceramics focuses on the relationship between piezoelectricity and ferroelectricity as they apply to ceramics, taking into consideration the properties of materials that are being used and possibly be used in the industries. Composed of 12 chapters, the book starts by tracing the history of piezoelectricity and how this affects ceramics. The different measurement techniques are discussed, including dielectric, ferroelectric, and piezoelectric measurements. The book proceeds by discussing Perovskite structure and barium titanate. Covered areas include electric field, piezoelectric properties, particle size effect, and dielectric strength. The properties, compositions, and reactions of various perovskites are discussed. Numerical analyses are presented in this regard. The book also offers interpretations of the experiments conducted. The discussions end with the processes involved in the manufacture and applications of piezoelectric ceramics. Concerns in manufacturing include calcination, grinding, mixing, electroding, firing, and quality control. Piezolectric ceramics are applied in air transducers, instrument transducers, delay line transducers, underwater sound ultrasonic power, and wave filters. The book is important for readers interested in doing research on ceramics.

Smart Materials

Smart Materials

  • Author: Mel Schwartz
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9781420043730
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 554
  • View: 2547
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Explores State-of-the-Art Work from the World’s Foremost Scientists, Engineers, Educators, and Practitioners in the Field Why use smart materials? Since most smart materials do not add mass, engineers can endow structures with built-in responses to a myriad of contingencies. In their various forms, these materials can adapt to their environments by changing characteristics and can provide information about structural and environmental changes. A single source on numerous aspects of intelligent materials Smart Materials focuses on many types of novel materials, including ceramics, hybrid composites, shape memory alloys, chitosan-based gels, adhesives, oxides, polymers, flip-chip technology, magnetorheological fluids, electrorheological materials, nanotubes, and sensors. It highlights the interdisciplinary nature of these materials by showing how they can be used in scores of areas, such as drug delivery systems, health monitoring, fiber optics, nanoscale engineering, vibration control, and molecular imprinting. Gain insight from leading experts who specialize in smart materials technology With over fifty years of experience working and teaching in this field, the editor has compiled numerous insightful contributions from an extensive group of leading experts. In this volume, they share their expertise and explore the innovative progress that has occurred in smart material products, components, systems, and structures.

Multifunctional Polycrystalline Ferroelectric Materials

Multifunctional Polycrystalline Ferroelectric Materials

Processing and Properties

  • Author: Lorena Pardo,Jesús Ricote
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9789048128754
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 782
  • View: 1801
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This book presents selected topics on processing and properties of ferroelectric materials that are currently the focus of attention in scientific and technical research. Ferro-piezoelectric ceramics are key materials in devices for many applications, such as automotive, healthcare and non-destructive testing. As they are polycrystalline, non-centrosymmetric materials, their piezoelectricity is induced by the so-called poling process. This is based on the principle of polarization reversal by the action of an electric field that characterizes the ferroelectric materials. This book was born with the aim of increasing the awareness of the multifunctionality of ferroelectric materials among different communities, such as researchers, electronic engineers, end-users and manufacturers, working on and with ferro-piezoelectric ceramic materials and devices which are based on them. The initiative to write this book comes from a well-established group of researchers at the Laboratories of Ferroelectric Materials, Materials Science Institute of Madrid (ICMM-CSIC). This group has been working in different areas concerning thin films and bulk ceramic materials since the mid-1980s. It is a partner of the Network of Excellence on Multifunctional and Integrated Piezoelectric Devices (MIND) of the EC, in which the European Institute of Piezoelectric Materials and Devices has its origin.

Medical Applications of Piezoelectric Polymers

Medical Applications of Piezoelectric Polymers

  • Author: Pierre M. Galletti,Danilo E. De Rossi,Aime S. De Reggi
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 306
  • View: 5135
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This comprehensive book presents a detailed account of the operating principles of piezoelectric polymer transducers and their promising application in the field of biomedical research instrumentation. It emphasizes the novel measurement opportunities offered by the pliable and tissue-matches properties of the polymer transducer material.

Ferroelectric Materials and Their Applications

Ferroelectric Materials and Their Applications

  • Author: Y. Xu
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 1483290956
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 406
  • View: 2863
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This book presents the basic physical properties, structure, fabrication methods and applications of ferroelectric materials. These are widely used in various devices, such as piezoelectric/electrostrictive transducers and actuators, pyroelectric infrared detectors, optical integrated circuits, optical data storage, display devices, etc. The ferroelectric materials described in this book include a relatively complete list of practical and promising ferroelectric single crystals, bulk ceramics and thin films. Included are perovskite-type, lithium niobate, tungsten-bronze-type, water-soluable crystals and other inorganic materials, as well as organic ferroelectrics (polymers, liquid crystals, and composites). Basic concepts, principles and methods for the physical property characteristics of ferroelectric materials are introduced in the first two chapters for those readers new to the subject of ferroelectricity. Not only professional researchers and engineers but also students and other readers who have limited physical knowledge and an interest in ferroelectrics, will welcome this book.

Intelligent Materials, Second International Conference Proceedings

Intelligent Materials, Second International Conference Proceedings

  • Author: Craig A. Rogers
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9781566761710
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 1398
  • View: 5465
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The key science and technology challenges which will facilitate the transition from a "make do and mend" philosophy inevitably restricting the degree of intelligence which can be engineered and the "designer materials systems" philosophy which is the ultimate goal are considered. The longer term vision will need to accord much more closely with nature's design paradigms, with control at the molecular, nano, micro and macro level of synthesis and assembly, of active self repair materials systems in function shapes.

Fundamentals of Piezoelectric Sensorics

Fundamentals of Piezoelectric Sensorics

Mechanical, Dielectric, and Thermodynamical Properties of Piezoelectric Materials

  • Author: Jan Tichý,Jirí Erhart,Erwin Kittinger,Jana Prívratská
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783540684275
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 207
  • View: 1402
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Presents the fundamental physics of piezoelectric sensors. Only book with this scope Targeted to those engineers, phycisists and chemists who are involved in materials processing, device design and manufacturing.

Functional Oxides

Functional Oxides

  • Author: Duncan W. Bruce,Dermot O'Hare,Richard I. Walton
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 9781119972945
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 318
  • View: 6676
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Functional oxides have a wide variety of applications in the electronic industry. The discovery of new metal oxides with interesting and useful properties continues to drive much research in chemistry, physics, and materials science. In Functional Oxides five topical areas have been selected to illustrate the importance of metal oxides in modern materials chemistry: Noncentrosymmetric Inorganic Oxide Materials Geometrically Frustrated Magnetic Materials Lithium Ion Conduction in Oxides Thermoelectric Oxides Transition Metal Oxides - Magnetoresistance and Half-Metallicity The contents highlight structural chemistry, magnetic and electronic properties, ionic conduction and other emerging areas of importance, such as thermoelectricity and spintronics. Functional Oxides covers these complex concepts in a clear and accessible manner providing an excellent introduction to this broad subject area.