Search Results for "plant-variation-and-evolution"

Plant Variation and Evolution

Plant Variation and Evolution

  • Author: David Briggs,Stuart Max Walters
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 110760222X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 600
  • View: 922
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A long-awaited fourth edition of a classic text, now fully revised and updated for the molecular era.

Colloquium on Variation and Evolution in Plants and Microorganisms--Toward a New Synthesis--50 Years After Stebbins

Colloquium on Variation and Evolution in Plants and Microorganisms--Toward a New Synthesis--50 Years After Stebbins

  • Author: Francisco Jos_ Ayala,Walter M. Fitch,Michael I. Chegg
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 0309070791
  • Category: Electronic book
  • Page: 128
  • View: 7222
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Annotation In 1950, Stebbins (d. 2000) published Variation and Evolution in Plants, which extended the synthetic theory of evolution or "the modern synthesis" to plants. These 17 papers are drawn from a National Academy of Sciences colloquium held in January 2000 on the 50th anniversary of the publication of Stebbins' classic. Following a Stebbins appreciation talk (originally slotted for his own words), papers branch into sections on: early evolution and the origin of cells, virus and bacterial models, protoctist models (having to do with RNA editing), population variation, and trends and patterns in plant evolution. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com).

Plant Variation 2ed

Plant Variation 2ed

  • Author: D. Briggs,S. M. Walters
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521257060
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 416
  • View: 8021
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Considers how the study of variation in plants has developed over the last 300 years. Copyright © Libri GmbH. All rights reserved.

Die Entstehung der Arten und höheren Kategorien

Die Entstehung der Arten und höheren Kategorien

Experimenteller Nachweis des Ablaufs der Evolution

  • Author: Herbert Lamprecht
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3709179416
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 452
  • View: 1083
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Plant Resistance to Herbivores and Pathogens

Plant Resistance to Herbivores and Pathogens

Ecology, Evolution, and Genetics

  • Author: Robert S. Fritz,Ellen L. Simms
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 9780226265537
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 590
  • View: 8339
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Far from being passive elements in the landscape, plants have developed many sophisticated chemical and mechanical means of deterring organisms that seek to prey on them. This volume draws together research from ecology, evolution, agronomy, and plant pathology to produce an ecological genetics perspective on plant resistance in both natural and agricultural systems. By emphasizing the ecological and evolutionary basis of resistance, the book makes an important contribution to the study of how phytophages and plants coevolve. Plant Resistance to Herbivores and Pathogens not only reviews the literature pertaining to plant resistance from a number of traditionally separate fields but also examines significant questions that will drive future research. Among the topics explored are selection for resistance in plants and for virulence in phytophages; methods for studying natural variation in plant resistance; the factors that maintain intraspecific variation in resistance; and the ecological consequences of within-population genetic variation for herbivorous insects and fungal pathogens. "A comprehensive review of the theory and information on a large, rapidly growing, and important subject."—Douglas J. Futuyma, State University of New York, Stony Brook

Variable plants and herbivores in natural and managed systems

Variable plants and herbivores in natural and managed systems

  • Author: Robert Denno
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 0323142877
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 734
  • View: 4662
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Variable Plants and Herbivores in Natural and Managed Systems examines individual, population, species, and community responses of herbivores to plant variation, with emphasis on insects, fungi, bacteria, and viruses. It is divided into five parts encompassing 18 chapters that discuss variability as a mechanism of defense used by plants against their parasites and the effects of variability on herbivores at several different levels of complexity. After a brief discussion on plant-herbivore interactions, the first part of this book considers sources of within-plant variation and effects on the distribution and abundance of herbivores. Part II examines interplant variation, the co-evolutionary problems it poses for herbivores, and the ecological and evolutionary responses of these animals. It discusses the effects of host-plant variability on the fitness of sedentary herbivorous insects. Part III discusses the role of host variability in the evolution of feeding specialization, genetic differentiation, and race formation. The importance of host variation to the organization of herbivore communities and the manipulation of host-plant variability for the management of herbivore pest populations are presented in the remaining parts. This book will be helpful to agriculturists, silviculturists, biologists, and researchers who wish to expand their knowledge in dynamics of plant-herbivore relationships.

The Evolutionary Ecology of Ant-Plant Mutualisms

The Evolutionary Ecology of Ant-Plant Mutualisms

  • Author: Andrew James Beattie
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521252812
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 182
  • View: 4176
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This important work is the first broad and thorough treatment of the subject of ant-plant mutualisms.

Invasive Plant Ecology i...

Invasive Plant Ecology i...

  • Author: Booth, B.D.,Murphy, S.D.,Swanton, C.J.
  • Publisher: CABI
  • ISBN: 1780640668
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 7793
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Plant Breeding Systems

Plant Breeding Systems

  • Author: A. J. Richards
  • Publisher: Garland Science
  • ISBN: 9780412574504
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 529
  • View: 6333
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This illustrated text attempts to provide a unified and comprehensive coverage of plant breeding systems, a subject vital to plant geneticists, plant breeders, taxonomists, evolutionists and conservationists.

Plant Biotechnology and Genetics

Plant Biotechnology and Genetics

Principles, Techniques, and Applications

  • Author: C. Neal Stewart, Jr.
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118819918
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 432
  • View: 9684
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Focused on basics and processes, this textbook teaches plant biology and agriculture applications with summary and discussion questions in each chapter. Updates each chapter to reflect advances / changes since the first edition, for example: new biotechnology tools and advances, genomics and systems biology, intellectual property issues on DNA and patents, discussion of synthetic biology tools Features autobiographical essays from eminent scientists, providing insight into plant biotechnology and careers Has a companion website with color images from the book and PowerPoint slides Links with author's own website that contains teaching slides and graphics for professors and students: http://bit.ly/2CI3mjp

Arm und reich

Arm und reich

die Schicksale menschlicher Gesellschaften

  • Author: Jared M. Diamond
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783596149674
  • Category: Kontinent - Gesellschaft - Entwicklung - Umweltfaktor - Vor- und Frühgeschichte
  • Page: 550
  • View: 5965
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Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

  • Author: Mary Jane West-Eberhard
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780198028567
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 916
  • View: 2985
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The first comprehensive synthesis on development and evolution: it applies to all aspects of development, at all levels of organization and in all organisms, taking advantage of modern findings on behavior, genetics, endocrinology, molecular biology, evolutionary theory and phylogenetics to show the connections between developmental mechanisms and evolutionary change. This book solves key problems that have impeded a definitive synthesis in the past. It uses new concepts and specific examples to show how to relate environmentally sensitive development to the genetic theory of adaptive evolution and to explain major patterns of change. In this book development includes not only embryology and the ontogeny of morphology, sometimes portrayed inadequately as governed by "regulatory genes," but also behavioral development and physiological adaptation, where plasticity is mediated by genetically complex mechanisms like hormones and learning. The book shows how the universal qualities of phenotypes--modular organization and plasticity--facilitate both integration and change. Here you will learn why it is wrong to describe organisms as genetically programmed; why environmental induction is likely to be more important in evolution than random mutation; and why it is crucial to consider both selection and developmental mechanism in explanations of adaptive evolution. This book satisfies the need for a truly general book on development, plasticity and evolution that applies to living organisms in all of their life stages and environments. Using an immense compendium of examples on many kinds of organisms, from viruses and bacteria to higher plants and animals, it shows how the phenotype is reorganized during evolution to produce novelties, and how alternative phenotypes occupy a pivotal role as a phase of evolution that fosters diversification and speeds change. The arguments of this book call for a new view of the major themes of evolutionary biology, as shown in chapters on gradualism, homology, environmental induction, speciation, radiation, macroevolution, punctuation, and the maintenance of sex. No other treatment of development and evolution since Darwin's offers such a comprehensive and critical discussion of the relevant issues. Developmental Plasticity and Evolution is designed for biologists interested in the development and evolution of behavior, life-history patterns, ecology, physiology, morphology and speciation. It will also appeal to evolutionary paleontologists, anthropologists, psychologists, and teachers of general biology.

Demography and Evolution in Plant Populations

Demography and Evolution in Plant Populations

  • Author: Otto Thomas Solbrig
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 9780520039315
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 222
  • View: 4474
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Populationen und ihre Dynamik, Evolution und Systematik.

Stoffwechselphysiologie der Pflanzen

Stoffwechselphysiologie der Pflanzen

Physiologie und Biochemie des Primär- und Sekundärstoffwechsels ; 10 Tabellen

  • Author: Gerhard Richter
  • Publisher: Georg Thieme Verlag
  • ISBN: 9783134420067
  • Category: Plants
  • Page: 583
  • View: 555
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Plant Mites and Sociality

Plant Mites and Sociality

Diversity and Evolution

  • Author: Yutaka Saito
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 4431994564
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 187
  • View: 8086
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Mites are very small animals, characterized by wingless and eyeless bodies, in which sociality has been discovered. This book offers detailed descriptions of the diverse social systems and the social evolution of mites, ranging from genetic to ecological aspects. Through a broad spectrum of studies including traditional natural history, taxonomy, modern evolutionary and behavioral ecology, and theoretical models as well, the book addresses a number of important findings on plant mite evolution and species radiation, with the author succeeding in combining theoretical and practical approaches in behavioral ecology by proposing a new game theory. These findings reflect the complex evolutionary history of these taxa and also help to point out clearly what is known and what is not yet known to date. Mites have been considered a minor animal group, but the author shows that mites actually possess great diversity and therefore make unique materials for evolutionary and behavioral studies.

Methods in Comparative Plant Population Ecology

Methods in Comparative Plant Population Ecology

  • Author: David Gibson
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191651230
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 3987
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The field of plant population ecology has advanced considerably in the last decade since the first edition was published. In particular there have been substantial and ongoing advances in statistics and modelling applications in population ecology, as well as an explosion of new techniques reflecting the availability of new technologies (e.g. affordable and accurate Global Positioning Systems) and advances in molecular biology. This new edition has been updated and revised with more recent examples replacing older ones where appropriate. The book's trademark question-driven approach has been maintained and some important topics such as the metapopulation concept which are missing entirely from the current edition are now included throughout the text.

Matthews' Plant Virology

Matthews' Plant Virology

  • Author: Richard Ellis Ford Matthews,Roger Hull
  • Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
  • ISBN: 9780123611604
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 1001
  • View: 4860
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It has been ten years since the publication of the third edition of this seminal text on plant virology, during which there has been an explosion of conceptual and factual advances. The fourth edition updates and revises many details of the previous editon, while retaining the important older results that constitute the field's conceptual foundation. Key features of the fourth edition include: * Thumbnail sketches of each genera and family groups * Genome maps of all genera for which they are known * Genetic engineered resistance strategies for virus disease control * Latest understanding of virus interactions with plants, including gene silencing * Interactions between viruses and insect, fungal, and nematode vectors * New plate section containing over 50 full-color illustrations

Hybrid Zones and the Evolutionary Process

Hybrid Zones and the Evolutionary Process

  • Author: Richard Gerald Harrison
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN: 019506917X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 364
  • View: 6237
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Hybrid zones--geographical areas in which the hybrids of two races are found--have attracted the attention of evolutionary biologists for many years, both because they are windows on the evolutionary process and because the patterns of animals and plant variation seen in hybrid zones do not fit the traditional classification schemes of taxonomists. Hybrid zones provide insights into the nature of the species, the way barriers to gene exchange function, the genetic basis of those barriers, the dynamics of the speciation process. Hybrid Zones and the Evolutionary Process synthesizes the extensive research literature in this field and points to new directions in research. It will be read with interest by evolutionary biologists, geneticists, and biogeographers.

The Role of Chromosomal Change in Plant Evolution

The Role of Chromosomal Change in Plant Evolution

  • Author: Donald A. Levin
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN: 9780195138603
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 230
  • View: 5862
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The application of new molecular technology has greatly increased our understanding of the role of chromosomal change in plant evolution. There is now a broad database on genome size variation within and among species and a wide array of nuclear and cytoplasmic genetic markers. There is avariety of literatures addressing this subject but much of it is scattered. This book created a contemporary synthesis or work in this area and addresses issues such as herogeneity, polyploidy, chromosomal rearrangements within species and phenotypic consequences of chromosome doubling.