Search Results for "practical-process-research-and-development-a-guide-for-organic-chemists-second-edition"

Practical Process Research and Development

Practical Process Research and Development

A Guide for Organic Chemists

  • Author: Neal G. Anderson
  • Publisher: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 0123865379
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 475
  • View: 552
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Designed to provide a comprehensive, step-by-step approach to organic process research and development in the pharmaceutical, fine chemical, and agricultural chemical industries, this book describes the steps taken, following synthesis and evaluation, to bring key compounds to market in a cost-effective manner. It describes hands-on, step-by-step, approaches to solving process development problems, including route, reagent, and solvent selection; optimising catalytic reactions; chiral syntheses; and "green chemistry." Second Edition highlights: • Reflects the current thinking in chemical process R&D for small molecules • Retains similar structure and orientation to the first edition. • Contains approx. 85% new material • Primarily new examples (work-up and prospective considerations for pilot plant and manufacturing scale-up) • Some new/expanded topics (e.g. green chemistry, genotoxins, enzymatic processes) • Replaces the first edition, although the first edition contains useful older examples that readers may refer to Provides insights into generating rugged, practical, cost-effective processes for the chemical preparation of "small molecules" Breaks down process optimization into route, reagent and solvent selection, development of reaction conditions, workup, crystallizations and more Presents guidelines for implementing and troubleshooting processes

Process Chemistry in the Pharmaceutical Industry

Process Chemistry in the Pharmaceutical Industry

  • Author: Kumar Gadamasetti
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9780824719814
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 500
  • View: 599
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Providing guidance for chemists and other scientists entering pharmaceutical discovery and development, this up-to-the-minute reference presents contributions from an international group of nearly 50 renowned researchers—offering a solid grounding in synthetic and physical organic chemistry, and clarifying the roles of various specialties in the development of new drugs. Featuring over 1000 references, tables, and illustrations, Process Chemistry in the Pharmaceutical Industry is sure to find its way to the bookshelves of organic, physical, analytical, process, and medicinal chemists and biochemists; pharmacists; and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.

Practical Synthetic Organic Chemistry

Practical Synthetic Organic Chemistry

Reactions, Principles, and Techniques

  • Author: Stéphane Caron
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118093569
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 898
  • View: 7867
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A hands-on guide to assist in the planning and execution of synthetic reactions in the laboratory Despite the maturity of organic chemistry, it can still be very challenging to identify optimal methods for synthetic transformations that perform as well in real-world manufacturing processes as they do in the laboratory. This detailed and accessible guide attempts to address this vexing issue and deliver proven methodologies practicing synthetic chemists will find valuable for identifying reaction conditions that work reliably over the broadest possible range of substrates. Practical Synthetic Organic Chemistry: Provides a practical guide to strategically planning and executing chemical syntheses for the bench chemist in industry Discusses information that is not common knowledge beyond the boundaries of process chemistry groups, such as the synthetic routes of selected contemporary pharmaceutical drugs and practical solvents, as well as green chemistry concepts Highlights key reactions, including substitutions, additions, eliminations, rearrangements, oxidations, and reductions Addresses basic principles, mechanisms, advantages and disadvantages of the methodology, and techniques for achieving laboratory success Incorporating such an extraordinary wealth of information on organic chemistry and its related fields into one complete volume distinguishes Practical Synthetic Organic Chemistry as an incomparable desktop reference for professionals—and an invaluable study aid for students.

Process Intensification

Process Intensification

Engineering for Efficiency, Sustainability and Flexibility

  • Author: David Reay,Colin Ramshaw,Adam Harvey
  • Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • ISBN: 0080983057
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 624
  • View: 2889
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Process Intensification: Engineering for Efficiency, Sustainability and Flexibility is the first book to provide a practical working guide to understanding process intensification (PI) and developing successful PI solutions and applications in chemical process, civil, environmental, energy, pharmaceutical, biological, and biochemical systems. Process intensification is a chemical and process design approach that leads to substantially smaller, cleaner, safer, and more energy efficient process technology. It improves process flexibility, product quality, speed to market and inherent safety, with a reduced environmental footprint. This book represents a valuable resource for engineers working with leading-edge process technologies, and those involved research and development of chemical, process, environmental, pharmaceutical, and bioscience systems. No other reference covers both the technology and application of PI, addressing fundamentals, industry applications, and including a development and implementation guide Covers hot and high growth topics, including emission prevention, sustainable design, and pinch analysis World-class authors: Colin Ramshaw pioneered PI at ICI and is widely credited as the father of the technology

Handbook of Synthetic Organic Chemistry

Handbook of Synthetic Organic Chemistry

  • Author: Michael C. Pirrung
  • Publisher: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 0128095040
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 9957
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Handbook of Synthetic Organic Chemistry, Second Edition updates and expands the author’s popular 2007 work, Synthetic Organic Chemist’s Companion. This new handbook provides valuable, practical guidance; incorporates corrections, and includes coverage on important topics, such as lyophylization, crystallization, precipitation, HPLC detectors, gases, and microwave reactions. The book maintains the useful organization of the author’s earlier work, beginning with a basic overview and walking through every practical step of the process of organic synthesis, from reagents, solvents, and temperature control, to documentation, implementation, purification, and analytical methods for the product. From planning and setting up reactions, to recording them, the book provides insight and valuable guidance into every step of the process. Practical guidance for planning, working up, documenting, analyzing, and improving reactions in synthetic organic chemistry

Principles of Process Research and Chemical Development in the Pharmaceutical Industry

Principles of Process Research and Chemical Development in the Pharmaceutical Industry

  • Author: Oljan Repic
  • Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
  • ISBN: 9780471165163
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 240
  • View: 9408
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This text discusses the functions of Process R&D (research and development), which involves the method of transforming a research synthetic procedure into a plant process and the key aspects of a synthesis that must be considered when scaling up a process. Topics consist of: basic principles of chemical development; techniques for the minimization of by-product impurities; criteria for cost-effective synthesis of enantiopure compounds by resolutions; asymmetric synthesis, and "chiral pool" strategy; synthesis for labeling substances with hydrogen or carbon isotopes; and last, licensing.

The Practice of Medicinal Chemistry

The Practice of Medicinal Chemistry

  • Author: Camille Georges Wermuth,David Aldous,Pierre Raboisson,Didier Rognan
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 012417213X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 902
  • View: 8168
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The Practice of Medicinal Chemistry, Fourth Edition provides a practical and comprehensive overview of the daily issues facing pharmaceutical researchers and chemists. In addition to its thorough treatment of basic medicinal chemistry principles, this updated edition has been revised to provide new and expanded coverage of the latest technologies and approaches in drug discovery. With topics like high content screening, scoring, docking, binding free energy calculations, polypharmacology, QSAR, chemical collections and databases, and much more, this book is the go-to reference for all academic and pharmaceutical researchers who need a complete understanding of medicinal chemistry and its application to drug discovery and development. Includes updated and expanded material on systems biology, chemogenomics, computer-aided drug design, and other important recent advances in the field Incorporates extensive color figures, case studies, and practical examples to help users gain a further understanding of key concepts Provides high-quality content in a comprehensive manner, including contributions from international chapter authors to illustrate the global nature of medicinal chemistry and drug development research An image bank is available for instructors at www.textbooks.elsevier.com

Writing Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Chemistry

Writing Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Chemistry

  • Author: Audrey Miller,Philippa H. Solomon
  • Publisher: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 9780124967120
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 471
  • View: 7390
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Writing Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Chemistry, Second Edition, is an invaluable guide to charting the movements of atoms and electrons in the reactions of organic molecules. Miller and Solomon illustrate that understanding organic reactions is based on applying general principles rather than the rote memorization of unrelated processes, and, in turn, emphasize that writing mechanisms is a practical method of applying knowledge of previously encountered reactions and reaction conditions to new reactions. Students and research chemists alike will find this book useful in providing a method of organizing and synthesizing an oftentimes overwhelming quantity of information into a set of general principles and guidelines for determining and describing organic reaction mechanisms. * Essential for those students who need to have mechanisms explained in greater detail than most organic chemistry textbooks provide. * Illustrated with hundreds of chemical structures * Extensively rewritten and reorganized to make the presentation and format even easier for students to use * Contains many problem sets and answers to all problems to help students work through general principles and applications * Appendixes have been added to this edition that contain easily referenced information on Lewis structures, symbols for chemical notation, and the relative acidities of common substances

Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry

Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry

  • Author: Wei Zhang,Berkeley Cue
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0470711515
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 742
  • View: 2665
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Green chemistry is a new way of looking at organic synthesis and the design of drug molecules, offering important environmental and economic advantages over traditional synthetic processes. Pharmaceutical companies are increasingly turning to the principles of green chemistry in an effort to reduce waste, reduce costs and develop environmentally benign processes. Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry presents an overview of the established and emerging techniques in green organic chemistry, highlighting their applications in medicinal chemistry. The book is divided into four parts: Introduction: Introduces the reader to the toxicology of organic chemicals,their environmental impact, and the concept of green chemistry. Green Catalysis: Covers a variety of green catalytic techniques including organocatalysis, supported catalysis, biocatalysis, fluorous catalysis, and catalytic direct C-H bond activation reactions. Green Synthetic Techniques: Presents a series of new techniques, assessing the green chemistry aspects and limitations (i.e. cost, equipment, expertise). Techniques include reactions in alternative solvents, atom economic multicomponent reactions, microwave and ultrasonic reactions, solid-supported synthesis, fluorous and ionic liquid-based recycling techniques, and flow reactors. Green Techniques in Pharmaceutical Industry: Covers applications of green chemistry concepts and special techniques for medicinal chemistry, including synthesis, analysis, separation, formulation, , and drug delivery. Process and business case studies are included to illustrate the applications in the pharmaceutical industry. Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry is an essential resource on green chemistry technologies for academic researchers, R&D professionals and students working in organic chemistry and medicinal chemistry.

Chemical Engineering in the Pharmaceutical Industry

Chemical Engineering in the Pharmaceutical Industry

R&D to Manufacturing

  • Author: David J. am Ende
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118088107
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 904
  • View: 4573
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This book deals with various unique elements in the drug development process within chemical engineering science and pharmaceutical R&D. The book is intended to be used as a professional reference and potentially as a text book reference in pharmaceutical engineering and pharmaceutical sciences. Many of the experimental methods related to pharmaceutical process development are learned on the job. This book is intended to provide many of those important concepts that R&D Engineers and manufacturing Engineers should know and be familiar if they are going to be successful in the Pharmaceutical Industry. These include basic analytics for quantitation of reaction components– often skipped in ChE Reaction Engineering and kinetics books. In addition Chemical Engineering in the Pharmaceutical Industry introduces contemporary methods of data analysis for kinetic modeling and extends these concepts into Quality by Design strategies for regulatory filings. For the current professionals, in-silico process modeling tools that streamline experimental screening approaches is also new and presented here. Continuous flow processing, although mainstream for ChE, is unique in this context given the range of scales and the complex economics associated with transforming existing batch-plant capacity. The book will be split into four distinct yet related parts. These parts will address the fundamentals of analytical techniques for engineers, thermodynamic modeling, and finally provides an appendix with common engineering tools and examples of their applications.

The Chemistry of Process Development in Fine Chemical and Pharmaceutical Industry

The Chemistry of Process Development in Fine Chemical and Pharmaceutical Industry

  • Author: Someswara Rao
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • ISBN: 9780470319956
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 1328
  • View: 9774
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This book brings together the chemical strategies used in the optimisation of organic reactions and processes, and highlights the practical and technological options available. This book offers: an encyclopedic treatment of organic chemistry from an industrial, process research and development, and manufacturing point of view plenty of examples to illustrate the scope and limitation of the strategies a comprehensive index organised by topic, reaction type, and reagent an extensive literature survey. This is an essential and comprehensive guide for experienced practitioners of chemical process research and development, fresh recruits to chemical industry R&D divisions, and academics who are interested in interacting with the chemical industry, optimising their synthetic strategies, and enriching the field of atom economy.

High-resolution NMR Techniques in Organic Chemistry

High-resolution NMR Techniques in Organic Chemistry

  • Author: Timothy D. W. Claridge
  • Publisher: Newnes
  • ISBN: 0080546285
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 383
  • View: 5507
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"Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Spectroscopy remains the foremost analytical technique for the structure elucidation of organic molecules and an indispensable tool for the synthetic, medicinal and natural product chemist. New techniques continue to emerge and the application of NMR methods continues to expand. High-Resolution NMR Techniques in Organic Chemistry is designed for use in academic and industrial NMR facilities, as a text for graduate-level NMR courses, and as an accessible reference for the chemist's or spectroscopist's desk." --Book Jacket.

Organic Syntheses Based on Name Reactions

Organic Syntheses Based on Name Reactions

A Practical Guide to 750 Transformations

  • Author: Alfred Hassner,Irishi Namboothiri
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 0080966306
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 577
  • View: 956
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Rev. ed. of: Organic syntheses based on name reactions and unnamed reactions. 1st ed. 1994.

Arrow-Pushing in Organic Chemistry

Arrow-Pushing in Organic Chemistry

An Easy Approach to Understanding Reaction Mechanisms

  • Author: Daniel E. Levy
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118991346
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 424
  • View: 9410
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Organic chemistry is required coursework for degrees in life, food, and medical sciences. To help the students discouraged by the belief that this topic cannot be mastered without significant memorization, Arrow Pushing in Organic Chemistry serves as a handy supplement for understanding the subject. • Includes new chapters, an expanded index, and additional problem sets complete with detailed solutions • Focuses on understanding the mechanics and logic of organic reaction mechanisms • Introduces ionic and non-ionic reactive species and reaction mechanisms • Teaches strategies to predict reactive species, sites of reactions, and reaction products • Provides a solid foundation upon which organic chemistry students can advance with confidence

Advanced Practical Organic Chemistry, Third Edition

Advanced Practical Organic Chemistry, Third Edition

  • Author: John Leonard,Barry Lygo,Garry Procter
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 1439860971
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 356
  • View: 4405
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Any research that uses new organic chemicals, or ones that are not commercially available, will at some time require the synthesis of such compounds. Therefore, organic synthesis is important in many areas of both applied and academic research, from chemistry to biology, biochemistry, and materials science. The third edition of a bestseller, Advanced Practical Organic Chemistry is a guide that explains the basic techniques of organic chemistry, presenting the necessary information for readers to carry out widely used modern organic synthesis reactions. This book is written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students as well as industrial organic chemists, particularly those involved in pharmaceutical, agrochemical, and other areas of fine chemical research. It provides the novice or nonspecialist with the often difficult-to-find information on reagent properties needed to perform general techniques. With over 80 years combined experience training and developing organic research chemists in industry and academia, the authors offer sufficient guidance for researchers to perform reactions under conditions that give the highest chance of success, including the appropriate precautions to take and proper experimental protocols. The text also covers the following topics: Record keeping and equipment Solvent purification and reagent preparation Using gases and working with vacuum pumps Purification, including crystallization and distillation Small-scale and large-scale reactions Characterization, including NMR spectra, melting point and boiling point, and microanalysis Efficient ways to find information in the chemical literature With fully updated text and all newly drawn figures, the third edition provides a powerful tool for building the knowledge on the most up-to-date techniques commonly used in organic synthesis.

Comprehensive Supramolecular Chemistry II

Comprehensive Supramolecular Chemistry II

  • Author: George W. Gokel,Len Barbour
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 0128031999
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 4568
  • View: 5571
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Comprehensive Supramolecular Chemistry II, Second Edition is a ‘one-stop shop’ that covers supramolecular chemistry, a field that originated from the work of researchers in organic, inorganic and physical chemistry, with some biological influence. The original edition was structured to reflect, in part, the origin of the field. However, in the past two decades, the field has changed a great deal as reflected in this new work that covers the general principles of supramolecular chemistry and molecular recognition, experimental and computational methods in supramolecular chemistry, supramolecular receptors, dynamic supramolecular chemistry, supramolecular engineering, crystallographic (engineered) assemblies, sensors, imaging agents, devices and the latest in nanotechnology. Each section begins with an introduction by an expert in the field, who offers an initial perspective on the development of the field. Each article begins with outlining basic concepts before moving on to more advanced material. Contains content that begins with the basics before moving on to more complex concepts, making it suitable for advanced undergraduates as well as academic researchers Focuses on application of the theory in practice, with particular focus on areas that have gained increasing importance in the 21st century, including nanomedicine, nanotechnology and medicinal chemistry Fully rewritten to make a completely up-to-date reference work that covers all the major advances that have taken place since the First Edition published in 1996

Organic Chemistry of Drug Degradation

Organic Chemistry of Drug Degradation

  • Author: Min Li
  • Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
  • ISBN: 1782625631
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 306
  • View: 9804
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The vast majority of drugs are organic molecular entities. A clear understanding of the organic chemistry of drug degradation is essential to maintaining the stability, efficacy, and safety of a drug product throughout its shelf-life. During analytical method development, stability testing, and pharmaceutical manufacturing troubleshooting activities, one of the frequently occurring and usually challenging events would be the identification of drug degradants and understanding of drug degradation mechanisms and pathways. This book is written by a veteran of the pharmaceutical industry who has first-hand experience in drug design and development, drug degradation mechanism studies, analytical development, and manufacturing process troubleshooting and improvement. The author discusses various degradation pathways with an emphasis on the mechanisms of the underlying organic chemistry, which should aid greatly in the efforts of degradant identification, formulation development, analytical development, and manufacturing process improvement. Organic reactions that are significant in drug degradation will first be reviewed and then illustrated by examples of drug degradation reported in the literature. The author brings the book to a close with a final chapter dedicated to the strategy for rapid elucidation of drug degradants with regard to the current regulatory requirements and guidelines. One chapter that should be given special attention is Chapter 3, Oxidative Degradation. Oxidative degradation is one of the most common degradation pathways but perhaps the most complex one. This chapter employs more than sixty drug degradation case studies with in-depth discussion in regard to their unique degradation pathways. With the increasing regulatory requirements on the quality and safety of pharmaceutical products, in particular with regard to drug impurities and degradants, the book will be an invaluable resource for pharmaceutical and analytical scientists who engage in formulation development, analytical development, stability studies, degradant identification, and support of manufacturing process improvement. In addition, it will also be helpful to scientists engaged in drug discovery and development as well as in drug metabolism studies.

Experimental Organic Chemistry

Experimental Organic Chemistry

Laboratory Manual

  • Author: Joaquín Isac-García,José A. Dobado,Francisco G. Calvo-Flores,Henar Martínez-García
  • Publisher: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 0128039353
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 500
  • View: 8056
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Experimental Organic Chemistry: Laboratory Manual is designed as a primer to initiate students in Organic Chemistry laboratory work. Organic Chemistry is an eminently experimental science that is based on a well-established theoretical framework where the basic aspects are well established but at the same time are under constant development. Therefore, it is essential for future professionals to develop a strong background in the laboratory as soon as possible, forming good habits from the outset and developing the necessary skills to address the challenges of the experimental work. This book is divided into three parts. In the first, safety issues in laboratories are addressed, offering tips for keeping laboratory notebooks. In the second, the material, the main basic laboratory procedures, preparation of samples for different spectroscopic techniques, Microscale, Green Chemistry, and qualitative organic analysis are described. The third part consists of a collection of 84 experiments, divided into 5 modules and arranged according to complexity. The last two chapters are devoted to the practices at Microscale Synthesis and Green Chemistry, seeking alternatives to traditional Organic Chemistry. Organizes lab course coverage in a logical and useful way Features a valuable chapter on Green Chemistry Experiments Includes 84 experiments arranged according to increasing complexity

Water Quality Assessments

Water Quality Assessments

A guide to the use of biota, sediments and water in environmental monitoring, Second Edition

  • Author: Deborah V Chapman
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 0419215905
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 648
  • View: 5885
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This guidebook, now thoroughly updated and revised in its second edition, gives comprehensive advice on the designing and setting up of monitoring programmes for the purpose of providing valid data for water quality assessments in all types of freshwater bodies. It is clearly and concisely written in order to provide the essential information for all agencies and individuals responsible for the water quality.