Search Results for "production-culture"

Production Culture

Production Culture

Industrial Reflexivity and Critical Practice in Film and Television

  • Author: John Thornton Caldwell
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 0822341115
  • Category: Performing Arts
  • Page: 451
  • View: 8986
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In Production Culture, John Thornton Caldwell investigates the cultural practices and belief systems of Los Angeles-based film and video production workers: not only those in prestigious positions such as producer and director but also many others, including gaffers, editors, and camera operators. Borrowing insights from cultural anthropology, Caldwell analyzes the stories workers tell and the rituals they enact to make sense of their labour and to critique the film and TV industry and the culture writ large. Far from being guarded, Hollywood executives and craftspeople work within an industry that obsessively reflects on itself and constantly exposes itself to the public. Caldwell suggests ways that scholarship might benefit by acknowledging the extent to which the industry first theorizes and critiques itself as part of economic and industrial habit. Caldwell's fieldwork combines interviews with industry workers; observations of sets and workplaces; and analyses of TV shows, industry documents, economic data, and promotional materials to show how film and video workers function in a radically transformed and unstable post-network industry. He chronicles how industry workers have responded to volatile changes including the convergence of "old" and "new" media; labour outsourcing; increasingly unruly labour and business relations; new production technologies; and multinational corporate conglomeration. He also explores new struggles over "authorship" within collective creative endeavours; the way that branding and syndication have become central business strategies for networks; and the "viral" use of industrial self-reflexivity to motivate consumers through DVD bonus tracks, behind-the-scenes documentaries, and "making-ofs." A significant, on-the-ground analysis of an industry in flux, Production Culture offers scholars new, more precise and holistic ways of thinking about media production as a cultural activity.

Producing Culture and Capital

Producing Culture and Capital

Family Firms in Italy

  • Author: Sylvia Junko Yanagisako
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691095103
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 223
  • View: 1856
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Drawing on ethnographic and archival research on 38 firms in northern Italy's silk industry, Sylvia Yanagisako illuminates the cultural processes through which sentiments, desires, and commitments motivate and shape capitalist family firms. She shows how flexible specialization is produced through the cultural dynamics of capital accumulation, management succession, firm expansion and diversification and the reproduction and division of firms. In doing so, Yanagisako addresses two gaps in Marx's and Weber's theories of capitalism: the absence of an adequate cultural theory of capitalist motivation and the absence of attention to kinship and gender. By demonstrating that kinship and gender are crucial in structuring capitalist action, this study reveals these two gaps to be different facets of the same omission. A process-oriented approach to class formation and class subjectivity enables the author to incorporate the material and ideological struggles within families into an analysis of class-making and self-making.

Manufacturing Culture

Manufacturing Culture

The Institutional Geography of Industrial Practice

  • Author: Meric S. Gertler
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 9780191513466
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 220
  • View: 1313
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Recent years have seen a lively debate over the role of tacit knowledge and interactive learning in privileging the local over the global. Yet, our continuing inability to answer questions such as 'when and why is the local important in production and innovation processes?' indicates that our understanding of the firm and the forces that shape its managers' choices remains weak. Such a theory ought to be able to answer fundamental questions like: why do firms in particular places adopt particular production and innovation practices, and not others? What forces determine what a firm 'knows' and when it is able to act upon this knowledge? How easy is it to transfer this knowledge between places? This book presents a new conception of industrial practice and firm behaviour. It explains how the cultures that shape the practices of firms and the trajectories of regional and national economies are actually produced. The analysis shows how the internal and inter-firm organization of production, use of technologies, and the industrial knowledge underpinning these practices are strongly influenced by their social and institutional context. Routine forms of behaviour are not simply inherited from past practice. Instead, they are shaped and constrained - though not wholly determined - by a set of institutions that govern how work is organized, workers are deployed, and technology is implemented. Because of the slowly evolving nature of these institutions, distinctive national 'models' are not converging around a single global norm.

New Bioprocessing Strategies: Development and Manufacturing of Recombinant Antibodies and Proteins

New Bioprocessing Strategies: Development and Manufacturing of Recombinant Antibodies and Proteins

  • Author: Bob Kiss,Uwe Gottschalk,Michael Pohlscheidt
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319971107
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 469
  • View: 7248
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This book review series presents current trends in modern biotechnology. The aim is to cover all aspects of this interdisciplinary technology where knowledge, methods and expertise are required from chemistry, biochemistry, microbiology, genetics, chemical engineering and computer science. Volumes are organized topically and provide a comprehensive discussion of developments in the respective field over the past 3-5 years. The series also discusses new discoveries and applications. Special volumes are dedicated to selected topics which focus on new biotechnological products and new processes for their synthesis and purification. In general, special volumes are edited by well-known guest editors. The series editor and publisher will however always be pleased to receive suggestions and supplementary information. Manuscripts are accepted in English.

Plant Cell and Tissue Culture for the Production of Food Ingredients

Plant Cell and Tissue Culture for the Production of Food Ingredients

  • Author: Tong-Jen Fu,Gurmeet Singh,Wayne R. Curtis
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1461547539
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 290
  • View: 8859
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Commercial development of cultured-derived food ingredients has attracted interna tional interest. As consumers have become more health conscious in recent years, the de mand for natural food ingredients and disease-preventative phytochemicals has increased tremendously. Plant Cell and Tissue Culture provides an alternative method for controlled production of these products. A wide range of food ingredients has been shown to be pro duced in culture. Much progress has been made in advancing this technology to the point that large-scale production has become possible. This book is developed from the Symposium "Plant Cell and Tissue Culture for Food Ingredient Production" which was held on April 13-17, 1997 at the American Chemical So ciety National Meeting in San Francisco, CA. In this book, international experts in acade mia, government, and industry discuss current advances in the field of plant cell and tissue culture with special emphasis on its application for food ingredient production. Topics re lated to various aspects of plant cell and tissue culture technology are discussed, including overviews of recent advances in plant metabolic pathway studies, process development for improving yields, and bioreactor design and operation for large-scale production. Economic considerations and issues related to the commercial development of culture-derived food in gredients are discussed. Also included are the safety assessment schemes and regulatory frameworks set up by regulatory agencies around the world.

Culture of sorgo for sirup production

Culture of sorgo for sirup production

  • Author: I. E. Stokes,Otto H. Coleman,Jack L. Dean
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Sorghum syrup
  • Page: 32
  • View: 8850
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Practical Flatfish Culture and Stock Enhancement

Practical Flatfish Culture and Stock Enhancement

  • Author: Harry V. Daniels,Wade O. Watanabe
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 9780470961711
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 392
  • View: 9006
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Practical Flatfish Culture and Stock Enhancement is a key reference on culture methods, offering both practical applications and essential biological information. Throughout the text, the culture and stock enhancement issues are treated simultaneously, integrating these two perspectives. By looking to the outcomes of hatchery culture methods, including the economics and fish behavior, Practical Flatfish Culture and Stock Enhancement is a valuable tool in making management decisions. With chapters on disease diagnosis and treatment, culture methods for a number of specific species, and the use of flatfish as model organisms in laboratory settings, Practical Flatfish Culture and Stock Enhancement comprehensively covers the subject of culture and stock enhancement. The book is especially useful for aquaculture professionals, industry personnel, researchers, biologists, and aquaculture and fisheries management students.

Cultural Industries and the Production of Culture

Cultural Industries and the Production of Culture

  • Author: Dominic Power,Allen J. Scott
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134329733
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 280
  • View: 8385
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Since the Second World War there has been considerable growth in the importance of non-manufacturing based forms of production to the performance of many Western economies. Many countries have seen increased contributions being made by industries such as the media, entertainment and artistic sectors. Gathering together a leading international, multi disciplinary team of researchers, this informative book presents cutting-edge perspectives on how these industries function, their place in the new economy and how they can be harnessed for urban and regional economic and social development.

Food Safety and the WTO:The Interplay of Culture, Science and Technology

Food Safety and the WTO:The Interplay of Culture, Science and Technology

  • Author: Marsha Echols
  • Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
  • ISBN: 9041198490
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 180
  • View: 3831
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Today's international trade regime explicitly rejects cultural perceptions of what is safe to eat, overturning millennia of tradition. The World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS) enshrines "science" as the arbiter in resolving disputes involving this vital human need. This mandate, however, is under attack from many quarters. Critics cite environmental and ethical concerns, unpredictably changing technology, taste, food preferences, local culture, adequacy of governmental implementation of WTO standards, and the reliability of scientific opinion. A basic conflict has crystallized: food as culture versus food as commerce. The WTO/SPS approach is increasingly challenged for its balance in favor of economic considerations, and for its visible undermining of unique cultural identities. This important book explores the relationship between the SPS Agreement, food traditions, science, and technology. It deliberately confronts those trade experts who refuse to allow other social sciences to influence their economics-based trade theory. The author ably investigates the local perception of food and food safety from the anthropological and historical points of view, the evolution of food production technologies, and the medicinal, proscriptive (taboo) and security aspects of food that continue to prevail in nearly all cultures today. She succeeds in demonstrating that, no matter how strong the faith in science and economics, it is unwise to flagrantly dismiss the deeply rooted beliefs of billions of people, a huge majority of the world's population. The Beef Hormones case; the remaining sovereignty related to food safety measures; the increasing significance of "appropriate levels of protection" and "the precautionary principle"; the redefinition of "food hazard" to include production processes as well as food itself; genetically modified seeds and food products; the concept of "risk" in the science-based context of the Codex Alimentarius - these are among the issues and topics covered in depth. The author concludes that, although quick "legal" resolutions of trade disputes about what people should or should not eat might provide a "win" for open trade, support for the entire structure and rationale of the WTO is undermined unless (at the least) some flexibility of interpretation is introduced into the WTO Dispute Resolution System in order to recognize the weight and validity of public opinion. Food safety is arguably the most important issue affecting international commerce today, urgently demanding enlightened discussion and action based on global consensus. This well-researched and thoughtful contribution offers significant clarification and perspective to policymakers, lawyers, academics and others engaged in this critical human drama in progress on the world stage.

Cross-border Cultural Production

Cross-border Cultural Production

Economic Runaway Or Globalization?

  • Author: Janet Wasko
  • Publisher: Cambria Press
  • ISBN: 1621969495
  • Category: Motion picture industry / Economic aspects / Foreign countries
  • Page: 382
  • View: 2460
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This volume addresses issues revolving around the production of mediated cultural products across borders. More specifically, the authors consider cross-border cultural production in the film and television industries and how it affects and is affected by media centers, and, more recently, established production locations. The film and television industries have long been recognized as playing important economic, political and cultural roles. And while it could be argued that, historically, these forms of cultural production often have been international endeavors, the choice of production sites has become an especially contentious issue during the last few decades as global production has expanded. While some factions, notably from the US film and television industries, refer to this issue as "runaway production," this book takes a much broader look at the implications and consequences of this phenomenon. Basically, cross-border production involves the expansion of production away from traditional centers, whether to other countries or to other locations within the same country. Thus, this study covers a wide range of issues involving economic and political considerations, as well as creative and aesthetic decision-making.

Principles of Ethical Economy

Principles of Ethical Economy

  • Author: P. Koslowski
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9780792367130
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 281
  • View: 1975
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The theory of ethical economy analyses the ethical presuppositions of the market economy. It demonstrates that ethics is the pre-coordination in the motives of the economic agents anteceding the coordination of the price system in the market process. Ethical economy develops a positive theory of economic, ethical, and religious coordination of self-interested action described as a super-assurance game of prisoners' dilemma situations. It conceptualises ethics as the corrective of market failure and religion as the corrective of ethics failure. The formal ethics of coordination is then complemented by a theory of the material-substantive ethics of value qualities. One principle of ethical economy is the classical principle of double effect that is used for a theory of managerial and general decision-making. Unintended side-effects (externalities) are a central problem of decisions of large impact. Management decision making must exploit the potential for positive side-effects and control the negative side-effects of managerial decisions. The theory of ethical economy analyses the principles of just price and fair pricing and the relevance of the theory of just price for the pricing behaviour of the modern firm. Principles of Ethical Economy forms a theoretical synthesis of the market theory of modern economics and of the natural right tradition of ethics. It creates new insights into the ethics of the market as well as in the economics presuppositions and consequences of ethical duties, virtues, and goods.

The Culture Factory

The Culture Factory

Creativity and the Production of Culture

  • Author: Walter Santagata
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783642133589
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 110
  • View: 4513
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“Where are your factories that produce culture? Where are your painters, your composers, your architects, your writers, your filmmakers?” The book opens with Leonardo da Vinci and Qin Shi Huang asking embarrassed contemporary policy makers these questions. The first part of the book is therefore devoted to elaborating a model for producing culture. The model takes into account both the role played by creativity in the production of culture in a technologically advanced knowledge society. The second part of the book examines a selection of strategic sectors: fashion, material culture districts, gastronomy, creative industries, entertainment, contemporary art, museums. Special attention is paid to the role collective intellectual property rights play in increasing the quality of culture-based goods and services. In the conclusion policy makers in both developed and developing countries are urged to adopt policies that can foster creativity and promote culture.

Production of Culture

Production of Culture

  • Author: Richard A. Peterson
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 144
  • View: 2553
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Global Television

Global Television

Co-Producing Culture

  • Author: Barbara Selznick
  • Publisher: Temple University Press
  • ISBN: 1592135056
  • Category: Performing Arts
  • Page: 224
  • View: 2638
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How the importation of global television in the United States affects the nature of programming.

The Production of Culture

The Production of Culture

Media and the Urban Arts

  • Author: Diane Crane
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • ISBN: 1452245908
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 198
  • View: 9665
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The phrase `production of culture' is concerned with how the organizations in which culture is produced and disseminated affect the nature of culture itself. Yet there is no clear consensus on what is meant by this phrase. Crane, in reviewing and synthesizing current research, provides a systematic and accessible approach to this complex subject. She examines the issue on both popular and elite levels. The reader is thus allowed to see how the notion of `production' changes depending on the size of the audience and the structure of the particular cultural industry.

Tissue Culture as a Plant Production System for Horticultural Crops

Tissue Culture as a Plant Production System for Horticultural Crops

  • Author: Richard H. Zimmerman,Robert J. Griesbach,Freddi A. Hammerschlag,R.H. Lawson
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 9789024733781
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 371
  • View: 7990
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Conference on Tissue Culture as a Plant Production System for Horticultural Crops, Beltsville, MD, October 20-23, 1985

Culture, Class, and Critical Theory

Culture, Class, and Critical Theory

Between Bourdieu and the Frankfurt School

  • Author: David Gartman
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136169768
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 194
  • View: 5776
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Culture, Class, and Critical Theory develops a theory of culture that explains how ideas create and legitimate class inequalities in modern society. This theory is developed through a critique and comparison of the powerful ideas on culture offered by Pierre Bourdieu and the Frankfurt School thinkers, especially Theodor Adorno. These ideas are illuminated and criticized through the development of two empirical cases on which Gartman has published extensively, automobile design and architecture. Bourdieu and the Frankfurt School postulate opposite theories of the cultural legitimation of class inequalities. Bourdieu argues that the culture of modern society is a class culture, a ranked diversity of beliefs and tastes corresponding to different classes. The cultural beliefs and practices of the dominant class are arbitrarily defined as superior, thus legitimating its greater share of social resources. By contrast, the thinkers of the Frankfurt School conceive of modern culture as a mass culture, a leveled homogeneity in which the ideas and tastes shared by all classes disguises real class inequalities. This creates the illusion of an egalitarian democracy that prevents inequalities from being contested. Through an empirical assessment of the theories against the cases, Gartman reveals that both are correct, but for different parts of modern culture. These parts combine to provide a strong legitimation of class inequalities.

Introduction to Plant Tissue Culture

Introduction to Plant Tissue Culture

  • Author: M. K. Razdan
  • Publisher: Science Publishers
  • ISBN: 9781578082377
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 375
  • View: 5541
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Introduction and techniques; Introductory history; Laboratory organisation; Media; Aseptic manipulation; Basic aspects; Cell culture; Cellular totipotency; Somatic embryogenesis; Applications to plant breeding; Haploid prodution; Triploid production; In vitro pollination and fertilization; Zygotic embryo culture; Somatic hybridisation and cybridisation; Genetic transformation; Somaclonal and gametoclonal variant selection; Application to horticulture and forestry; Production of disease-free plants; clonal propagation; General applications; Industrial applications: secondary metabolite production; Germplasm conservation.

Tissue culture and Minisett Technologies for an improved yam production system: a test manual

Tissue culture and Minisett Technologies for an improved yam production system: a test manual

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: IICA Biblioteca Venezuela
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9299
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Economics, Culture and Social Theory

Economics, Culture and Social Theory

  • Author: William A. Jackson
  • Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 1849802114
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 269
  • View: 7489
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. . . the book is excellent in setting out and explaining a fundamental critique of economics one moreover that has been missed by most other current critics of the field. Making this case is an achievement. Hopefully, it will have a greater impact than its author probably expects. Journal of Cultural Economics Economics evolved by perfecting the taking of culture out of its reductionist and virtual world. But culture has recently been reintroduced, both as a sphere of application for an otherwise unchanging methodology and as a weak form of acknowledging that the economic alone is inadequate as the basis even for explaining the economy. This volume is an essential critical starting point for understanding the changing relationship between economics and culture and in offering a more satisfactory and stable union between the two. Ben Fine, University of London, UK Economics, Culture and Social Theory examines how culture has been neglected in economic theorising and considers how economics could benefit by incorporating ideas from social and cultural theory. Orthodox economics has prompted a long line of cultural criticism that goes back to the origins of economic theory and extends to recent debates surrounding postmodernism. William A. Jackson discusses the cultural critique of economics, identifies the main arguments, and assesses their implications. Among the topics covered are relativism and realism, idealism and materialism, agency and structure, hermeneutics, semiotics, and cultural evolution. Drawing from varied literatures, notably social and cultural theory, the book stresses the importance of culture for economic behaviour and looks at the prospects for a renewed and culturally informed economics. The book will be invaluable to heterodox economists and to anyone interested in the links between culture and the economy. It takes an interdisciplinary approach, arguing against the isolation of economics, and will therefore hold wide appeal for social scientists working in related fields, as well as for economists specialising in cultural economics and economic methodology.