Search Results for "progress-in-international-relations-theory"

Progress in International Relations Theory

Progress in International Relations Theory

Appraising the Field

  • Author: Colin Elman Miriam Fendius Elman
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 9780262262552
  • Category: History
  • Page: 520
  • View: 6605
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All academic disciplines periodically appraise their effectiveness, evaluating the progress of previous scholarship and judging which approaches are useful and which are not. Although no field could survive if it did nothing but appraise its progress, occasional appraisals are important and if done well can help advance the field.This book investigates how international relations theorists can better equip themselves to determine the state of scholarly work in their field. It takes as its starting point Imre Lakatos's influential theory of scientific change, and in particular his methodology of scientific research programs (MSRP). It uses MSRP to organize its analysis of major research programs over the last several decades and uses MSRP's criteria for theoretical progress to evaluate these programs. The contributors appraise the progress of institutional theory, varieties of realist and liberal theory, operational code analysis, and other research programs in international relations. Their analyses reveal the strengths and limits of Lakatosian criteria and the need for metatheoretical metrics for evaluating scientific progress.

Progress in Postwar International Relations

Progress in Postwar International Relations

  • Author: Emanuel Adler,Beverly Crawford
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231072791
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 497
  • View: 8401
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The authors put forward their own concept for the interpretation of international relations, describing how progress occurs not necessarily out of moral development, but by the desire of nation-states to redefine their national interests in terms of security, welfare and human rights.

Evaluating Progress in International Relations

Evaluating Progress in International Relations

How do you know?

  • Author: Annette Freyberg-Inan,Ewan Harrison,Patrick James
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1317201434
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 216
  • View: 4834
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This edited volume offers a systematic evaluation of how knowledge is produced by scholarly research into International Relations. The contributors explore three key questions: To what extent is scientific progress and accumulation of knowledge possible? What are the different accounts of how this process takes place? And what are the dominant critiques of these understandings? It is the first publication to survey the full range of perspectives available for evaluating scientific progress as well as dominant critiques of scientism. In its second part, the volume applies this range of perspectives to the research program on the democratic peace. It shows what we gain by accommodating and enabling dialogue among the full range of epistemological approaches. The contributors elaborate and defend the epistemological position of sociable pluralism as one that seeks to build bridges between soft positivism, critical theory, and critical realism. The underlying idea is that if the differences between the various approaches used by different communities of researchers can be understood more clearly, this will facilitate meaningful cross-cutting communication, dialogue, and debate and thereby enable us to address real-world problems more effectively. This timely and original work will be of great interest to advanced-level students and scholars dealing with philosophy of science and methodological questions in International Relations.

Theory and Metatheory in International Relations

Theory and Metatheory in International Relations

Concepts and Contending Accounts

  • Author: F. Chernoff
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230606881
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 223
  • View: 8264
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This book uses three controversial contemporary American foreign policy problems to introduce students to the 'new debates' in international relations, in which the criticisms of constructivism, interpretivism, and postmodernism are presented against traditional positivist concepts of social science.

Social Science Methodology

Social Science Methodology

A Criterial Framework

  • Author: John Gerring
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521805131
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 300
  • View: 8423
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This title offers a one-volume introduction to social science methodology, relevant to the disciplines of anthropology, economics, history, political science, psychology, and sociology. It is written for beginning students, long-time practitioners and methodologists, and applies to work conducted in qualitative and quantitative styles. It synthesizes the vast and diverse field of methodology in a way that is clear, concise, and comprehensive. While offering a handy overview of the subject, the book is also an argument about how we should conceptualize methodological problems. Tasks and criteria, the author argues - not fixed rules of procedure - best describe the search for methodological adequacy. Thinking about methodology through this lens provides a new framework for understanding work in the social sciences.

Bridges and Boundaries

Bridges and Boundaries

Historians, Political Scientists, and the Study of International Relations

  • Author: Colin Elman,Miriam Fendius Elman
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 9780262550390
  • Category: History
  • Page: 431
  • View: 7757
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A conversation between historians and political scientists, exploring what the two disciplines can learn from each other.

Critical Theory in International Relations and Security Studies

Critical Theory in International Relations and Security Studies

Interviews and Reflections

  • Author: Shannon Brincat,Laura Lima,Joao Nunes
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136505717
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 240
  • View: 7290
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This book provides an assessment of the legacy, challenges and future directions of Critical Theory in the fields of International Relations and Security Studies. This book provides ‘first-hand’ interviews with some of the pioneers of Critical Theory in the fields of International Relations Theory and Security Studies. The interviews are combined innovatively with reflective essays to create an engaging and accessible discussion of the legacy and challenges of critical thinking. A unique forum that combines first-person discussion and secondary commentary on a variety of theoretical positions, the book explores in detail the interaction between different theories and approaches, including postcolonialism, feminism, and poststructuralism. Scholars from a variety of theoretical backgrounds reflect on the strengths and problems of critical theory, recasting the theoretical discussion about critical theory in the study of world politics and examining the future of the discipline. Both an introduction and an advanced engagement with theoretical developments over the past three decades, Critical Theory in International Relations and Security Studies will be of interest to students and scholars of International Politics, Security Studies and Philosophy.

International Relations and Scientific Progress

International Relations and Scientific Progress

Structural Realism Reconsidered

  • Author: Patrick James
  • Publisher: Ohio State University Press
  • ISBN: 9780814209004
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 299
  • View: 5249
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International Relations and Scientific Progress contends that a theory focusing on the structure of the international system explains a wider and more interesting range of events in world politics than other theories. Such theorizing appears to be out of favor as the result of the apparent failure by structural realism, the most prominent system-level theory over the last two decades, on any number of fronts--most notably an inability to anticipate the ending of the Cold War and its aftermath. This new book is put forward as the most comprehensive and innovative theoretical work on paradigms in international relations since the publication of Theory of International Politics, which created structural realism, more than two decades ago. With appropriate revisions, however, structural realist theory can compete effectively and reclaim its primacy. The first part of International Relations and Scientific Progress assesses the meaning of progress in the discipline of international relations, a process that culminates in the creation of a new concept, the scientific research enterprise. The second part reviews structural realism within that context and identifies a lack of connection between theory and research that links power-based indicators to international conflict, crisis, and war. This part of the book makes the case for an elaboration of structural realism by showing that a system-level theory based on structure has great unrealized explanatory potential. By comparison, the current overwhelmingly research oriented agenda on state dyads imposes severe limitations on understanding that are not currently appreciated. Part Three sums up the work and explores new directions, most notablyas related to empirical testing of an elaborated version of structural realism that focuses on both continuity and change in the international system.

Idealism and Realism in International Relations

Idealism and Realism in International Relations

  • Author: Robert M. A. Crawford
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134733224
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 224
  • View: 1932
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The author argues for a revised conception of international relations that acknowledges the irreconcilability of realist and idealist theories, and concerns itself instead with important substantive issues.

Role Theory and Role Conflict in U.S.-Iran Relations

Role Theory and Role Conflict in U.S.-Iran Relations

Enemies of Our Own Making

  • Author: Akan Malici,Stephen G. Walker
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1315525925
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 254
  • View: 3404
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U.S.-Iran relations continue to be an international security problem in the Middle East. These two countries could have been friends, but instead they have become enemies. Stating this thesis raises the following questions: Why are the United States and Iran enemies? How and when did this relationship come to be? When the relationship began to deteriorate, could it have been reversed? What lessons can be learned from an analysis of past U.S.-Iranian relations and what are the implications for their present and future relations? Akan Malici and Stephen G. Walker argue that the dynamics of U.S.-Iran relations are based on role conflicts. Iran has long desired to enact roles of active independence and national sovereignty in world politics. However, it continued to be cast by others into client or rebel roles of national inferiority. In this book the authors examine these role conflicts during three crucial episodes in U.S.-Iran relations: the oil nationalization crisis and the ensuing clandestine coup aided by the CIA to overthrow the Iranian regime in 1950 to 1953; the Iranian revolution followed by the hostage crisis in 1979 to 1981; the reformist years pre- and post- 9/11 under Mohammad Khatami from 1997 to 2002. Their application of role theory is theoretically and methodologically progressive and innovative in illuminating aspects of U.S.-Iran relations. It allows for a better understanding of the past, navigating the present, and anticipating the future in order to avoid foreign policy mistakes. Role Theory and Role Conflict in U.S.-Iran Relations is a useful resource for international relations and foreign policy scholars who want to learn more about progress in international relations theory and U.S. relations with Iran.

Rethinking International Relations Theory

Rethinking International Relations Theory

  • Author: Martin Griffiths
  • Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
  • ISBN: 1137294132
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 7971
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International Relations (IR) theory has seen a proliferation of competing, and increasingly trenchant, worldviews with no consensus on how to evaluate their relative strengths and weakness. This innovative new text provides an original interpretation of how best to navigate the clash of perspectives in contemporary IR theory. The book provides a systematic overview of the main worldviews – such as realism, liberalism, and constructivism – and their associated theoretical underpinnings. Placing liberal internationalism at the heart of the debate, it argues that the main division in IR theory is between liberal internationalism and its critics. Griffiths examines both the strengths and weaknesses of liberal internationalism as a worldview, and also explores the competing worldviews that have been generated by the perceived flaws of this perspective. Examination of crucial policy issues is incorporated throughout the text, restoring the relevance of theory for those who wish to understand those policy issues. Moreover, this book revitalises the raison d'être of contemporary IR theory and shows the role it can play in making sense of the twenty-first century.

Power and Progress

Power and Progress

International Politics in Transition

  • Author: Jack Snyder
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136467688
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 328
  • View: 8488
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Jack Snyder is a leading American international relations scholar with an international reputation for his research on IR theory and US Foreign policy. This book collects many of his most important essays into a single volume. Exploring a liberal realist theory of international politics, the book is arranged around three key subject areas: Anarchy and Its Effects The Challenges of Democratic Consolidation Empire and the Promotion of a Liberal Order With a new introduction to frame the selected essays, this collection examines how developing nations evolve political systems, and fit into a world dominated by liberal-democracies. It looks to the future for the current dominant powers in a changing world of international relations and at the challenges to their leadership. Featuring a new conclusion, developed from the assembled chapters, this is a fascinating and vital collection of scholarship from one of the most influential theorists of his generation. Power and Progress is an invaluable text for students and scholars of international relations, and those interested in the debates on liberalism and realism, and comparative politics.

Routledge Handbook of Ethics and International Relations

Routledge Handbook of Ethics and International Relations

  • Author: Brent J. Steele,Eric Heinze
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0429761872
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 602
  • View: 2790
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Ethics and International Relations (IR), once considered along the margins of the IR field, has emerged as one of the most eclectic and interdisciplinary research areas today. Yet the same diversity that enriches this field also makes it a difficult one to characterize. Is it, or should it only be, the social-scientific pursuit of explaining and understanding how ethics influences the behaviours of actors in international relations? Or, should it be a field characterized by what the world should be like, based on philosophical, normative and policy-based arguments? This Handbook suggests that it can actually be both, as the contributions contained therein demonstrate how those two conceptions of Ethics and International Relations are inherently linked. Seeking to both provide an overview of the field and to drive debates forward, this Handbook is framed by an opening chapter providing a concise and accessible overview of the complex history of the field of Ethics and IR, and a conclusion that discusses how the field may progress in the future and what subjects are likely to rise to prominence. Within are 44 distinct and original contributions from scholars teaching and researching in the field, which are structured around 8 key thematic sections: Philosophical Resources International Relations Theory Religious Traditions International Security and Just War Justice, Rights and Global Governance International Intervention Global Economics Environment, Health and Migration Drawing together a diverse range of scholars, the Routledge Handbook of Ethics and International Relations provides a cutting-edge overview of the field by bringing together these eclectic, albeit dynamic, themes and topics. It will be an essential resource for students and scholars alike.

New Thinking In International Relations Theory

New Thinking In International Relations Theory

  • Author: Michael W Doyle
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0429978316
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 3418
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This book of ten original essays provides a showcase of currently diverse theoretical agendas in the field of international relations. Contributors address the theoretical analysis that their perspective brings to the issue of change in global politics. Written for readers with a general interest in and knowledge of world affairs, New Thinking in International Relations Theory can also be assigned in international relations theory courses.The volume begins with an essay on the classical tradition at the end of the Cold War. Essays explore work outside the mainstream, such as Jean Bethke Elshtain on feminist theory and James Der Derian on postmodern theory as well as those developing theoretical advances within traditional realms from James DeNardo's formal modeling to the more descriptive analyses of Miles Kahler and Steve Weber. Other essays include Matthew Evangelista on domestics structure, Daniel Deudney on naturalist and geopolitical theory, and Joseph Grieco on international structuralist theory.

Explaining War and Peace

Explaining War and Peace

Case Studies and Necessary Condition Counterfactuals

  • Author: Jack Levy,Gary Goertz
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134101406
  • Category: History
  • Page: 362
  • View: 2124
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This edited volume focuses on the use of ‘necessary condition counterfactuals’ in explaining two key events in twentieth century history, the origins of the First World War and the end of the Cold War. Containing essays by leading figures in the field, this book analyzes the causal logics of necessary and sufficient conditions, demonstrates the variety of different ways in which necessary condition counterfactuals are used to explain the causes of individual events, and identifies errors commonly made in applying this form of causal logic to individual events. It includes discussions of causal chains, contingency, critical junctures, and ‘powder keg’ explanations, and the role of necessary conditions in each. Explaining War and Peace will be of great interest to students of qualitative analysis, the First World War, the Cold War, international history and international relations theory in general.

What Moves Man

What Moves Man

The Realist Theory of International Relations and Its Judgment of Human Nature

  • Author: Annette Freyberg-Inan
  • Publisher: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 0791486354
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 272
  • View: 7719
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A critical look at the image of human nature that underlies the realist theory of international relations.

Religion and International Relations Theory

Religion and International Relations Theory

  • Author: Jack Snyder
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231526911
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 232
  • View: 8856
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Religious concerns stand at the center of international politics, yet key paradigms in international relations, namely realism, liberalism, and constructivism, barely consider religion in their analysis of political subjects. The essays in this collection rectify this. Authored by leading scholars, they introduce models that integrate religion into the study of international politics and connect religion to a rising form of populist politics in the developing world. Contributors identify religion as pervasive and distinctive, forcing a reframing of international relations theory that reinterprets traditional paradigms. One essay draws on both realism and constructivism in the examination of religious discourse and transnational networks. Another positions secularism not as the opposite of religion but as a comparable type of worldview drawing on and competing with religious ideas. With the secular state's perceived failure to address popular needs, religion has become a banner for movements that demand a more responsive government. The contributors to this volume recognize this trend and propose structural and theoretical innovations for future advances in the discipline.

Deviance in International Relations

Deviance in International Relations

'Rogue States' and International Security

  • Author: W. Wagner,W. Werner,M. Onderco
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137357274
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 215
  • View: 8872
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Rogue states' have been high on the policy agenda for many years but their theoretical significance for international relations has remained poorly understood. In contrast to the bulk of writings on 'rogue states' that address them merely as a policy challenge, this book studies what we can learn from deviance about international politics.

Political Realism in International Theory

Political Realism in International Theory

  • Author: Roger D. Spegele
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521556354
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 284
  • View: 3663
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The discipline of international relations is a fragmented one. In this book, Roger Spegele analyzes this fragmentation and suggests that the subject should be seen as engaged in a struggle among three competing conceptions: positivism-empiricism, emancipatory international relations, and political realism. He argues that scholars following these different conceptions have had different ways of understanding theory, practice and the relation between them. By focusing on this relation, Professor Spegele develops a new version of political realism, called "Evaluative Political Realism".

Explanation and Progress in Security Studies

Explanation and Progress in Security Studies

Bridging Theoretical Divides in International Relations

  • Author: Fred Chernoff
  • Publisher: Stanford University Press
  • ISBN: 0804792291
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 328
  • View: 4772
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Explanation and Progress in Security Studies asks why Security Studies, as a central area of International Relations, has not experienced scientific progress in the way natural sciences have—and answers by arguing that the underlying reason is that scholars in Security Studies have advanced a range of different notions of "explanation" or different criteria of "explanatory superiority" to show that their positions are better than rival positions. To demonstrate this, the author engages in in-depth content analysis of the generally recognized exemplars of explanation and explanatory superiority in three of the core debates in the disciplines: Why do states pursue policies of nuclear proliferation? Why do states choose to form the alliances they do? And why do liberal democratic states behave the way they do toward other liberal democracies? The book reveals that authors in the debates that have shown the most progress use similar criteria in arguing for and against the key explanations. In the nuclear proliferation debate, there is wide divergence in the criteria the most visible authors use, and there is wide divergence in the explanations offered. In the alliance formation/balance-of-power debate, there is some overlap of criteria the most important authors use, and there has been some limited movement toward consensus. In the democratic peace debate there has been much more overlap of criteria the most prominent authors use, and there is agreement on both some positive and negative conclusions.