Search Results for "progress-in-international-relations-theory"

Progress in International Relations Theory

Progress in International Relations Theory

Appraising the Field

  • Author: Colin Elman Miriam Fendius Elman
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 9780262262552
  • Category: History
  • Page: 520
  • View: 4550
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All academic disciplines periodically appraise their effectiveness, evaluating the progress of previous scholarship and judging which approaches are useful and which are not. Although no field could survive if it did nothing but appraise its progress, occasional appraisals are important and if done well can help advance the field. This book investigates how international relations theorists can better equip themselves to determine the state of scholarly work in their field. It takes as its starting point Imre Lakatos's influential theory of scientific change, and in particular his methodology of scientific research programs (MSRP). It uses MSRP to organize its analysis of major research programs over the last several decades and uses MSRP's criteria for theoretical progress to evaluate these programs. The contributors appraise the progress of institutional theory, varieties of realist and liberal theory, operational code analysis, and other research programs in international relations. Their analyses reveal the strengths and limits of Lakatosian criteria and the need for metatheoretical metrics for evaluating scientific progress.

Progress in Postwar International Relations

Progress in Postwar International Relations

  • Author: Emanuel Adler,Beverly Crawford
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231072791
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 497
  • View: 1062
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The authors put forward their own concept for the interpretation of international relations, describing how progress occurs not necessarily out of moral development, but by the desire of nation-states to redefine their national interests in terms of security, welfare and human rights.

Evaluating Progress in International Relations

Evaluating Progress in International Relations

How do you know?

  • Author: Annette Freyberg-Inan,Ewan Harrison,Patrick James
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317201426
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 234
  • View: 7250
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This edited volume offers a systematic evaluation of how knowledge is produced by scholarly research into International Relations. The contributors explore three key questions: To what extent is scientific progress and accumulation of knowledge possible? What are the different accounts of how this process takes place? And what are the dominant critiques of these understandings? It is the first publication to survey the full range of perspectives available for evaluating scientific progress as well as dominant critiques of scientism. In its second part, the volume applies this range of perspectives to the research program on the democratic peace. It shows what we gain by accommodating and enabling dialogue among the full range of epistemological approaches. The contributors elaborate and defend the epistemological position of sociable pluralism as one that seeks to build bridges between soft positivism, critical theory, and critical realism. The underlying idea is that if the differences between the various approaches used by different communities of researchers can be understood more clearly, this will facilitate meaningful cross-cutting communication, dialogue, and debate and thereby enable us to address real-world problems more effectively. This timely and original work will be of great interest to advanced-level students and scholars dealing with philosophy of science and methodological questions in International Relations.

Explanation and Progress in Security Studies

Explanation and Progress in Security Studies

Bridging Theoretical Divides in International Relations

  • Author: Fred Chernoff
  • Publisher: Stanford University Press
  • ISBN: 0804792291
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 328
  • View: 5465
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Explanation and Progress in Security Studies asks why Security Studies, as a central area of International Relations, has not experienced scientific progress in the way natural sciences have—and answers by arguing that the underlying reason is that scholars in Security Studies have advanced a range of different notions of "explanation" or different criteria of "explanatory superiority" to show that their positions are better than rival positions. To demonstrate this, the author engages in in-depth content analysis of the generally recognized exemplars of explanation and explanatory superiority in three of the core debates in the disciplines: Why do states pursue policies of nuclear proliferation? Why do states choose to form the alliances they do? And why do liberal democratic states behave the way they do toward other liberal democracies? The book reveals that authors in the debates that have shown the most progress use similar criteria in arguing for and against the key explanations. In the nuclear proliferation debate, there is wide divergence in the criteria the most visible authors use, and there is wide divergence in the explanations offered. In the alliance formation/balance-of-power debate, there is some overlap of criteria the most important authors use, and there has been some limited movement toward consensus. In the democratic peace debate there has been much more overlap of criteria the most prominent authors use, and there is agreement on both some positive and negative conclusions.

International Relations and Scientific Progress

International Relations and Scientific Progress

Structural Realism Reconsidered

  • Author: Patrick James
  • Publisher: Ohio State University Press
  • ISBN: 9780814209004
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 299
  • View: 2768
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International Relations and Scientific Progress contends that a theory focusing on the structure of the international system explains a wider and more interesting range of events in world politics than other theories. Such theorizing appears to be out of favor as the result of the apparent failure by structural realism, the most prominent system-level theory over the last two decades, on any number of fronts--most notably an inability to anticipate the ending of the Cold War and its aftermath. This new book is put forward as the most comprehensive and innovative theoretical work on paradigms in international relations since the publication of Theory of International Politics, which created structural realism, more than two decades ago. With appropriate revisions, however, structural realist theory can compete effectively and reclaim its primacy. The first part of International Relations and Scientific Progress assesses the meaning of progress in the discipline of international relations, a process that culminates in the creation of a new concept, the scientific research enterprise. The second part reviews structural realism within that context and identifies a lack of connection between theory and research that links power-based indicators to international conflict, crisis, and war. This part of the book makes the case for an elaboration of structural realism by showing that a system-level theory based on structure has great unrealized explanatory potential. By comparison, the current overwhelmingly research oriented agenda on state dyads imposes severe limitations on understanding that are not currently appreciated. Part Three sums up the work and explores new directions, most notablyas related to empirical testing of an elaborated version of structural realism that focuses on both continuity and change in the international system.

Idealism and Realism in International Relations

Idealism and Realism in International Relations

  • Author: Robert M. A. Crawford
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134733224
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 224
  • View: 812
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The author argues for a revised conception of international relations that acknowledges the irreconcilability of realist and idealist theories, and concerns itself instead with important substantive issues.

Die Naturwissenschaft auf neuen Bahnen

Die Naturwissenschaft auf neuen Bahnen

New Pathways in science

  • Author: Arthur Stanley Eddington
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3322990869
  • Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Page: 320
  • View: 3237
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Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.

Religion and International Relations Theory

Religion and International Relations Theory

  • Author: Jack Snyder
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231526911
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 232
  • View: 5696
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Religious concerns stand at the center of international politics, yet key paradigms in international relations, namely realism, liberalism, and constructivism, barely consider religion in their analysis of political subjects. The essays in this collection rectify this. Authored by leading scholars, they introduce models that integrate religion into the study of international politics and connect religion to a rising form of populist politics in the developing world. Contributors identify religion as pervasive and distinctive, forcing a reframing of international relations theory that reinterprets traditional paradigms. One essay draws on both realism and constructivism in the examination of religious discourse and transnational networks. Another positions secularism not as the opposite of religion but as a comparable type of worldview drawing on and competing with religious ideas. With the secular state's perceived failure to address popular needs, religion has become a banner for movements that demand a more responsive government. The contributors to this volume recognize this trend and propose structural and theoretical innovations for future advances in the discipline.

Theories of International Relations

Theories of International Relations

  • Author: Siegfried Schieder,Manuela Spindler
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317753313
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 356
  • View: 7074
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This book is a comprehensive guide to theories of International Relations (IR). Given the limitations of a paradigm-based approach, it sheds light on eighteen theories and new theoretical perspectives in IR by examining the work of key reference theorists. The chapters are all written to a common template. The introductory section provides readers with a basic understanding of the theory’s genesis by locating it within an intellectual tradition, paying particular attention to the historical and political context. The second section elaborates on the theory as formulated by the selected reference theorist. After this account of the theory’s core elements, the third section turns to theoretical variations, examining conceptual subdivisions and overlaps, further developments and internal critique. The fourth section scrutinizes the main criticisms emanating from other theoretical perspectives and highlights points of contact with recent research in IR. The fifth and final section consists of a bibliography carefully compiled to aid students’ further learning. Encompassing a broad range of mainstream, traditional theories as well as emerging and critical perspectives, this is an original and ground-breaking textbook for students of International Relations. The German edition of the book won the "Geisteswissenschaften International" Prize, collectively awarded by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation, the German Federal Foreign Office and the German Publishers & Booksellers Association.

Auge um Auge?

Auge um Auge?

Intelligence-Kooperation in den deutsch-amerikanischen Beziehungen

  • Author: Anna Daun
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3531927051
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 259
  • View: 1515
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Die neuen sicherheitspolitischen Herausforderungen lassen sich nur noch durch mehr Intelligence, insbesondere Wissen über den Gegner, bewältigen. Deshalb steht die Zusammenarbeit der Dienste im Mittelpunkt der sicherheitspolitischen Kooperation. Das zentrale Problem lautet dabei, dass man Wissen teilen muss, um gemeinsam vorgehen zu können, andererseits aber kein Geheimwissen verraten will. Wie gehen die deutschen und amerikanischen Dienste mit diesem Problem um? Angesichts der vielen neuen Organisationen, die nach den Anschlägen vom 11. September 2001 gegründet wurden, stellt sich die Frage, wer die Kooperation eigentlich regelt. Denn die Zusammenarbeit fördert Fragen zu Tage: Warum half der BND den USA im Irakkrieg? Welche Rolle spielte Deutschland in der von der CIA organisierten weltweiten Terroristenjagd? Hätten die deutschen Sicherheitsdienste den Anschlag der Sauerland-Gruppe auch ohne die Amerikaner vereiteln können? Die Verfasserin hat jahrlang auf beiden Seiten recherchiert und stellt die Schwierigkeiten und Grenzen einer Zusammenarbeit dar, deren Ziel es ist, die nächsten Terroranschläge zu verhindern.

Theory and History in International Relations

Theory and History in International Relations

  • Author: Donald J. Puchala
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136074589
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 4222
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Theory and History in International Relations is an eloquent plea to scholars of global politics to turn away from the "manufacture" of data and return to a systematic study of history as a basic for theory. While the modest use of empiricism will always be important, Puchala rejects the logical positivism of the so-called "scientific revolution" in the field in favor of a more complex, even intuitive, vision of global politics. He addresses the potential uses of history in studying some of the major debates of our time-the Cold War as a struggle between empires, the collision of civilizations, cultural encounters and colonies in the ancient world, and liberal approaches to the understanding of history and ethical contributions to the dialogue over theory.

Deviance in International Relations

Deviance in International Relations

'Rogue States' and International Security

  • Author: W. Wagner,W. Werner,M. Onderco
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137357274
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 215
  • View: 3113
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Rogue states' have been high on the policy agenda for many years but their theoretical significance for international relations has remained poorly understood. In contrast to the bulk of writings on 'rogue states' that address them merely as a policy challenge, this book studies what we can learn from deviance about international politics.

Handbook of Africa's International Relations

Handbook of Africa's International Relations

  • Author: Tim Murithi
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136636951
  • Category: Reference
  • Page: 512
  • View: 3611
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Africa’s international relations have often been defined and oriented by the dominant international and geopolitical agendas of the day. In the aftermath of colonialism the Cold War became a dominant paradigm that defined the nature of the continent’s relationship with the rest of the world. The contemporary forces of globalization are now exerting an undue influence and impact upon Africa’s international relations. Increasingly, the African continent is emerging as a vocal, and in some respects an influential, actor in international relations. There is a paucity of analysis and research on this emerging trend. This timely book proposes to fill this analytical gap by engaging with a wide range of issues, with chapters written by experts on a variety of themes. The emerging political prominence of the African continent on the world stage is predicated on an evolving internal process of continental integration. In particular, there are normative and policy efforts to revive the spirit of Pan-Africanism: the 21st century is witnessing the evolution of Pan-Africanism, notably through the constitution and establishment of the African Union (AU). Given the fact that there is a dearth of analysis on this phenomemon, this volume will also interrogate the notion of Pan-Africanism through various lenses – notably peace and security, development, the environment and trade. The volume will also engage with the emerging role of the AU as an international actor, e.g. with regard to its role in the reform of the United Nations Security Council, climate change, the International Criminal Court (ICC), the treaty establishing Africa as a nuclear-free zone, Internally Displaced Persons, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), international trade, the environment, public health issues, security, and development issues. This book will assess how the AU’s role as an international actor is complicated by the difficulty of promoting consensus among African states and then maintaining that consensus in the face of often divergent national interests. This book will in part assess the role of the AU in articulating collective and joint policies and in making interventions in international decision and policy-making circles. The Handbook will also assess the role of African social movements and their relationship with global actors. The role of African citizens in ameliorating their own conditions is often underplayed in the international relations discourse, and this volume will seek to redress this oversight. Throughout the book the various chapters will also assess the role that these citizen linkages have contributed towards continental integration and in confronting the challenges of globalization.

International Relations Theory for the Twenty-First Century

International Relations Theory for the Twenty-First Century

An Introduction

  • Author: Martin Griffiths
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134178956
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 200
  • View: 9975
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International relations theory has been the site of intense debate in recent years. A decade ago it was still possible to divide the field between three main perspectives – Realism, Liberalism, and Marxism. Not only have these approaches evolved in new directions, they have been joined by a number of new ‘isms’ vying for attention, including feminism and constructivism. International Relations Theory for the Twenty-First Century is the first comprehensive textbook to provide an overview of all the most important theories within international relations. Written by an international team of experts in the field, the book covers both traditional approaches, such as realism and liberal internationalism, as well as new developments such as constructivism, poststructuralism and postcolonialism. The book’s comprehensive coverage of IR theory makes it the ideal textbook for teachers and students who want an up-to-date survey of the rich variety of theoretical work and for readers with no prior exposure to the subject.

Beliefs and Leadership in World Politics

Beliefs and Leadership in World Politics

Methods and Applications of Operational Code Analysis

  • Author: M. Schafer,S. Walker
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1403983496
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 5691
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Focusing on how policy makers make decisions in foreign policy, this book examines how beliefs are causal mechanisms which steer decisions, shape leaders and perceptions of reality, and lead to cognitive and motivated biases that distort, block and recast incoming information from the environment.

History and Neorealism

History and Neorealism

  • Author: Ernest R. May,Richard Rosecrance,Zara Steiner
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139490923
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9989
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Neorealists argue that all states aim to acquire power and that state cooperation can therefore only be temporary, based on a common opposition to a third country. This view condemns the world to endless conflict for the indefinite future. Based upon careful attention to actual historical outcomes, this book contends that, while some countries and leaders have demonstrated excessive power drives, others have essentially underplayed their power and sought less position and influence than their comparative strength might have justified. Featuring case studies from across the globe, History and Neorealism examines how states have actually acted. The authors conclude that leadership, domestic politics, and the domain (of gain or loss) in which they reside play an important role along with international factors in raising the possibility of a world in which conflict does not remain constant and, though not eliminated, can be progressively reduced.

Fortschritt und Rationalität der Wissenschaft

Fortschritt und Rationalität der Wissenschaft

  • Author: Hans Albert
  • Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
  • ISBN: 9783162416322
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 482
  • View: 6021
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Revitalizing Causality

Revitalizing Causality

Realism about Causality in Philosophy and Social Science

  • Author: Ruth Groff
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134193661
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 288
  • View: 1469
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This cutting edge collection of new and previously published articles by philosophers and social scientists addresses just what it means to invoke causal mechanisms, or powers, in the context of offering a causal explanation. A unique collection, it offers the reader various disciplinary and inter-disciplinary divides, helping to stake out a new, neo-Aristotelian position within contemporary debate.

Realism and the Balancing of Power

Realism and the Balancing of Power

A New Debate

  • Author: John A. Vasquez,Colin Elman
  • Publisher: Pearson College Division
  • ISBN: 9780130908667
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 330
  • View: 3942
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This book explores all aspects of an important scholarly debate that has widespread implications for the political world, including the making of foreign policy--i.e., a debate over whether the contemporary theory of the balance of power as presented by Kenneth Waltz is a scientifically acceptable theory. It allows readers to examine and analyze the different views (in their original form) by all those in the debate and to come to their own conclusions. An Introduction gives an overview of the debate, defines and clarifies in simple language some of the major concepts used in philosophy of science, sets the historical context of the debate, and explains why it is important for both international relations theory and foreign policy making. An editorial commentary for each article highlights areas of agreement and disagreement with the other authors. First presents the original articles in the initial debate with responses from several of the leading international relations theorists in the field--Kenneth Waltz, Thomas Christensen, Jack Snyder, Colin Elman, Miriam Fendius Elman, Randall Schweller, and Stephen Walt. Then features response from scholars who take differing methodological approaches and who have disparate views on realism and balancing of power (e.g., Jack S. Levy, Paul W. Schroeder, Bruce Bueno de Mesquita, Zeev Maoz, Richard Rosecrance, Charles L. Glaser, William C. Wohlforth, Michael Barnett). For anyone interested in the philosophical underpinnings of international relations.