Search Results for "projective-geometry-from-foundations-to-applications"

Projective Geometry

Projective Geometry

From Foundations to Applications

  • Author: Albrecht Beutelspacher,Ute Rosenbaum
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521483643
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 258
  • View: 3435
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A textbook on projective geometry that emphasises applications in modern information and communication science.

Mathematical Reviews

Mathematical Reviews

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4027
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Parallel Coordinates

Parallel Coordinates

Visual Multidimensional Geometry and Its Applications

  • Author: Alfred Inselberg
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 0387686282
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 554
  • View: 6668
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This is one book that can genuinely be said to be straight from the horse’s mouth. Written by the originator of the technique, it examines parallel coordinates as the leading methodology for multidimensional visualization. Starting from geometric foundations, this is the first systematic and rigorous exposition of the methodology's mathematical and algorithmic components. It covers, among many others, the visualization of multidimensional lines, minimum distances, planes, hyperplanes, and clusters of "near" planes. The last chapter explains in a non-technical way the methodology's application to visual and automatic data mining. The principles of the latter, along with guidelines, strategies and algorithms are illustrated in detail on real high-dimensional datasets.

Geometric Algebra with Applications in Engineering

Geometric Algebra with Applications in Engineering

  • Author: Christian Perwass
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3540890688
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 386
  • View: 5808
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The application of geometric algebra to the engineering sciences is a young, active subject of research. The promise of this field is that the mathematical structure of geometric algebra together with its descriptive power will result in intuitive and more robust algorithms. This book examines all aspects essential for a successful application of geometric algebra: the theoretical foundations, the representation of geometric constraints, and the numerical estimation from uncertain data. Formally, the book consists of two parts: theoretical foundations and applications. The first part includes chapters on random variables in geometric algebra, linear estimation methods that incorporate the uncertainty of algebraic elements, and the representation of geometry in Euclidean, projective, conformal and conic space. The second part is dedicated to applications of geometric algebra, which include uncertain geometry and transformations, a generalized camera model, and pose estimation. Graduate students, scientists, researchers and practitioners will benefit from this book. The examples given in the text are mostly recent research results, so practitioners can see how to apply geometric algebra to real tasks, while researchers note starting points for future investigations. Students will profit from the detailed introduction to geometric algebra, while the text is supported by the author's visualization software, CLUCalc, freely available online, and a website that includes downloadable exercises, slides and tutorials.

Perspectives on Projective Geometry

Perspectives on Projective Geometry

A Guided Tour Through Real and Complex Geometry

  • Author: Jürgen Richter-Gebert
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783642172861
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 571
  • View: 5655
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Projective geometry is one of the most fundamental and at the same time most beautiful branches of geometry. It can be considered the common foundation of many other geometric disciplines like Euclidean geometry, hyperbolic and elliptic geometry or even relativistic space-time geometry. This book offers a comprehensive introduction to this fascinating field and its applications. In particular, it explains how metric concepts may be best understood in projective terms. One of the major themes that appears throughout this book is the beauty of the interplay between geometry, algebra and combinatorics. This book can especially be used as a guide that explains how geometric objects and operations may be most elegantly expressed in algebraic terms, making it a valuable resource for mathematicians, as well as for computer scientists and physicists. The book is based on the author’s experience in implementing geometric software and includes hundreds of high-quality illustrations.

Uncertain Projective Geometry

Uncertain Projective Geometry

Statistical Reasoning for Polyhedral Object Reconstruction

  • Author: Stephan Heuel
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3540220291
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 210
  • View: 718
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Algebraic projective geometry, with its multilinear relations and its embedding into Grassmann-Cayley algebra, has become the basic representation of multiple view geometry, resulting in deep insights into the algebraic structure of geometric relations, as well as in efficient and versatile algorithms for computer vision and image analysis. This book provides a coherent integration of algebraic projective geometry and spatial reasoning under uncertainty with applications in computer vision. Beyond systematically introducing the theoretical foundations from geometry and statistics and clear rules for performing geometric reasoning under uncertainty, the author provides a collection of detailed algorithms. The book addresses researchers and advanced students interested in algebraic projective geometry for image analysis, in statistical representation of objects and transformations, or in generic tools for testing and estimating within the context of geometric multiple-view analysis.

David Hilbert’s Lectures on the Foundations of Geometry 1891–1902

David Hilbert’s Lectures on the Foundations of Geometry 1891–1902

  • Author: Michael Hallett,Ulrich Majer
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783540643739
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 661
  • View: 9413
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This volume contains six sets of notes for lectures on the foundations of geometry held by Hilbert in the period 1891-1902. It also reprints the first edition of Hilbert’s celebrated Grundlagen der Geometrie of 1899, together with the important additions which appeared first in the French translation of 1900. The lectures document the emergence of a new approach to foundational study and contain many reflections and investigations which never found their way into print.

An Essay on the Foundations of Geometry

An Essay on the Foundations of Geometry

  • Author: A. W. Russell
  • Publisher: CUP Archive
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 228
  • View: 5821
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Trieste Publishing has a massive catalogue of classic book titles. Our aim is to provide readers with the highest quality reproductions of fiction and non-fiction literature that has stood the test of time. The many thousands of books in our collection have been sourced from libraries and private collections around the world.The titles that Trieste Publishing has chosen to be part of the collection have been scanned to simulate the original. Our readers see the books the same way that their first readers did decades or a hundred or more years ago. Books from that period are often spoiled by imperfections that did not exist in the original. Imperfections could be in the form of blurred text, photographs, or missing pages. It is highly unlikely that this would occur with one of our books. Our extensive quality control ensures that the readers of Trieste Publishing's books will be delighted with their purchase. Our staff has thoroughly reviewed every page of all the books in the collection, repairing, or if necessary, rejecting titles that are not of the highest quality. This process ensures that the reader of one of Trieste Publishing's titles receives a volume that faithfully reproduces the original, and to the maximum degree possible, gives them the experience of owning the original work.We pride ourselves on not only creating a pathway to an extensive reservoir of books of the finest quality, but also providing value to every one of our readers. Generally, Trieste books are purchased singly - on demand, however they may also be purchased in bulk. Readers interested in bulk purchases are invited to contact us directly to enquire about our tailored bulk rates.

Geometric Computing with Clifford Algebras

Geometric Computing with Clifford Algebras

Theoretical Foundations and Applications in Computer Vision and Robotics

  • Author: Gerald Sommer
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783540411987
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 551
  • View: 7900
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Clifford algebra, then called geometric algebra, was introduced more than a cenetury ago by William K. Clifford, building on work by Grassmann and Hamilton. Clifford or geometric algebra shows strong unifying aspects and turned out in the 1960s to be a most adequate formalism for describing different geometry-related algebraic systems as specializations of one "mother algebra" in various subfields of physics and engineering. Recent work outlines that Clifford algebra provides a universal and powerfull algebraic framework for an elegant and coherent representation of various problems occuring in computer science, signal processing, neural computing, image processing, pattern recognition, computer vision, and robotics. This monograph-like anthology introduces the concepts and framework of Clifford algebra and provides computer scientists, engineers, physicists, and mathematicians with a rich source of examples of how to work with this formalism.

Foundations of Geometric Algebra Computing

Foundations of Geometric Algebra Computing

  • Author: Dietmar Hildenbrand
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642317944
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 196
  • View: 6077
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The author defines “Geometric Algebra Computing” as the geometrically intuitive development of algorithms using geometric algebra with a focus on their efficient implementation, and the goal of this book is to lay the foundations for the widespread use of geometric algebra as a powerful, intuitive mathematical language for engineering applications in academia and industry. The related technology is driven by the invention of conformal geometric algebra as a 5D extension of the 4D projective geometric algebra and by the recent progress in parallel processing, and with the specific conformal geometric algebra there is a growing community in recent years applying geometric algebra to applications in computer vision, computer graphics, and robotics. This book is organized into three parts: in Part I the author focuses on the mathematical foundations; in Part II he explains the interactive handling of geometric algebra; and in Part III he deals with computing technology for high-performance implementations based on geometric algebra as a domain-specific language in standard programming languages such as C++ and OpenCL. The book is written in a tutorial style and readers should gain experience with the associated freely available software packages and applications. The book is suitable for students, engineers, and researchers in computer science, computational engineering, and mathematics.

An Essay on the Foundations of Geometry

An Essay on the Foundations of Geometry

  • Author: Bertrand Russell
  • Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.
  • ISBN: 1602068585
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 220
  • View: 649
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Bertrand Russell was a prolific writer, revolutionizing philosophy and doing extensive work in the study of logic. This, his first book on mathematics, was originally published in 1897 and later rejected by the author himself because it was unable to support Einstein's work in physics. This evolution makes An Essay on the Foundations of Geometry invaluable in understanding the progression of Russell's philosophical thinking. Despite his rejection of it, Essays continues to be a great work in logic and history, providing readers with an explanation for how Euclidean geometry was replaced by more advanced forms of math. British philosopher and mathematician BERTRAND ARTHUR WILLIAM RUSSELL (1872-1970) won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1950. Among his many works are Why I Am Not a Christian (1927), Power: A New Social Analysis (1938), and My Philosophical Development (1959).

Projective and Cayley-Klein Geometries

Projective and Cayley-Klein Geometries

  • Author: Arkadij L. Onishchik,Rolf Sulanke
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3540356452
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 434
  • View: 5100
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This book offers an introduction into projective geometry. The first part presents n-dimensional projective geometry over an arbitrary skew field; the real, the complex, and the quaternionic geometries are the central topics, finite geometries playing only a minor part. The second deals with classical linear and projective groups and the associated geometries. The final section summarizes selected results and problems from the geometry of transformation groups.

Analytic Projective Geometry

Analytic Projective Geometry

  • Author: Eduardo Casas-Alvero
  • Publisher: Susaeta
  • ISBN: 9783037191385
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 620
  • View: 3830
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Projective geometry is concerned with the properties of figures that are invariant by projecting and taking sections. It is considered one of the most beautiful parts of geometry and plays a central role because its specializations cover the whole of the affine, Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometries. The natural extension of projective geometry is projective algebraic geometry, a rich and active field of research. The results and techniques of projective geometry are intensively used in computer vision. This book contains a comprehensive presentation of projective geometry, over the real and complex number fields, and its applications to affine and Euclidean geometries. It covers central topics such as linear varieties, cross ratio, duality, projective transformations, quadrics and their classifications--projective, affine and metric--as well as the more advanced and less usual spaces of quadrics, rational normal curves, line complexes and the classifications of collineations, pencils of quadrics and correlations. Two appendices are devoted to the projective foundations of perspective and to the projective models of plane non-Euclidean geometries. The book uses modern language, is based on linear algebra, and provides complete proofs. Exercises are proposed at the end of each chapter; many of them are beautiful classical results. The material in this book is suitable for courses on projective geometry for undergraduate students, with a working knowledge of a standard first course on linear algebra. The text is a valuable guide to graduate students and researchers working in areas using or related to projective geometry, such as algebraic geometry and computer vision, and to anyone looking for an advanced view of geometry as a whole.

Unvergängliche Geometrie

Unvergängliche Geometrie

  • Author: H.S. Coxeter
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3034851510
  • Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Page: 558
  • View: 1143
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An Essay on the Foundations of Modern Geometry

An Essay on the Foundations of Modern Geometry

  • Author: Bertrand Russell
  • Publisher: Courier Corporation
  • ISBN: 9780486495552
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 224
  • View: 3409
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The author, a Nobel Laureate and one of the 20th century's most important logicians, asks and answers basic questions about the intersection of philosophy and higher mathematics. 1897 edition.

Geometric Methods and Applications

Geometric Methods and Applications

For Computer Science and Engineering

  • Author: Jean Gallier
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9781441999610
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 680
  • View: 1688
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This book is an introduction to the fundamental concepts and tools needed for solving problems of a geometric nature using a computer. It attempts to fill the gap between standard geometry books, which are primarily theoretical, and applied books on computer graphics, computer vision, robotics, or machine learning. This book covers the following topics: affine geometry, projective geometry, Euclidean geometry, convex sets, SVD and principal component analysis, manifolds and Lie groups, quadratic optimization, basics of differential geometry, and a glimpse of computational geometry (Voronoi diagrams and Delaunay triangulations). Some practical applications of the concepts presented in this book include computer vision, more specifically contour grouping, motion interpolation, and robot kinematics. In this extensively updated second edition, more material on convex sets, Farkas’s lemma, quadratic optimization and the Schur complement have been added. The chapter on SVD has been greatly expanded and now includes a presentation of PCA. The book is well illustrated and has chapter summaries and a large number of exercises throughout. It will be of interest to a wide audience including computer scientists, mathematicians, and engineers. Reviews of first edition: "Gallier's book will be a useful source for anyone interested in applications of geometrical methods to solve problems that arise in various branches of engineering. It may help to develop the sophisticated concepts from the more advanced parts of geometry into useful tools for applications." (Mathematical Reviews, 2001) "...it will be useful as a reference book for postgraduates wishing to find the connection between their current problem and the underlying geometry." (The Australian Mathematical Society, 2001)

The Legacy of Mario Pieri in Geometry and Arithmetic

The Legacy of Mario Pieri in Geometry and Arithmetic

  • Author: Elena Anne Marchisotto,James T. Smith
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9780817646035
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 494
  • View: 4406
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This book is the first in a series of three volumes that comprehensively examine Mario Pieri’s life, mathematical work and influence. The book introduces readers to Pieri’s career and his studies in foundations, from both historical and modern viewpoints. Included in this volume are the first English translations, along with analyses, of two of his most important axiomatizations — one in arithmetic and one in geometry. The book combines an engaging exposition, little-known historical notes, exhaustive references and an excellent index. And yet the book requires no specialized experience in mathematical logic or the foundations of geometry.

Classical Geometry

Classical Geometry

Euclidean, Transformational, Inversive, and Projective

  • Author: I. E. Leonard,J. E. Lewis,A. C. F. Liu,G. W. Tokarsky
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118679148
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 496
  • View: 7465
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Features the classical themes of geometry with plentiful applications in mathematics, education, engineering, and science Accessible and reader-friendly, Classical Geometry: Euclidean, Transformational, Inversive, and Projective introduces readers to a valuable discipline that is crucial to understanding bothspatial relationships and logical reasoning. Focusing on the development of geometric intuitionwhile avoiding the axiomatic method, a problem solving approach is encouraged throughout. The book is strategically divided into three sections: Part One focuses on Euclidean geometry, which provides the foundation for the rest of the material covered throughout; Part Two discusses Euclidean transformations of the plane, as well as groups and their use in studying transformations; and Part Three covers inversive and projective geometry as natural extensions of Euclidean geometry. In addition to featuring real-world applications throughout, Classical Geometry: Euclidean, Transformational, Inversive, and Projective includes: Multiple entertaining and elegant geometry problems at the end of each section for every level of study Fully worked examples with exercises to facilitate comprehension and retention Unique topical coverage, such as the theorems of Ceva and Menalaus and their applications An approach that prepares readers for the art of logical reasoning, modeling, and proofs The book is an excellent textbook for courses in introductory geometry, elementary geometry, modern geometry, and history of mathematics at the undergraduate level for mathematics majors, as well as for engineering and secondary education majors. The book is also ideal for anyone who would like to learn the various applications of elementary geometry.

Symmetry and Pattern in Projective Geometry

Symmetry and Pattern in Projective Geometry

  • Author: Abby Enger
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9781681176499
  • Category:
  • Page: 312
  • View: 8312
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We are all familiar with Euclidean geometry and with the fact that it describes our three dimensional world so well. In Euclidean geometry, the sides of objects have lengths, intersecting lines determine angles between them, and two lines are said to be parallel if they lie in the same plane and never meet. Moreover, these properties do not change when the Euclidean transformations (translation and rotation) are applied. Since Euclidean geometry describes our world so well, it is at first tempting to think that it is the only type of geometry. However, when we consider the imaging process of a camera, it becomes clear that Euclidean geometry is insufficient: Lengths and angles are no longer preserved, and parallel lines may intersect. Euclidean geometry is actually a subset of what is known as projective geometry. Projective geometry exists in any number of dimensions, just like Euclidean geometry. Projective geometry has its origins in the early Italian Renaissance, particularly in the architectural drawings of Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1446) and Leon Battista Alberti (1404-72), who invented the method of perspective drawing. Projective geometry deals with the relationships between geometric figures and the images, or mappings that result from projecting them onto another surface. Common examples of projections are the shadows cast by opaque objects and motion pictures displayed on a screen.First of all, projective geometry is a jewel of mathematics, one of the outstanding achievements of the nineteenth century, a century of remarkable mathematical achievements such as non-Euclidean geometry, abstract algebra, and the foundations of calculus. Projective geometry is as much a part of a general education in mathematics as differential equations and Galois theory. Moreover, projective geometry is a prerequisite for algebraic geometry, one of today's most vigorous and exciting branches of mathematics. Secondly, for more than fifty years projective geometry has been propelled in a new direction by its combinatorial connections. The challenge of describing a classical geometric structure by its parameters - properties that at first glance might seem superficial - provided much of the impetus for finite geometry, another of today's flourishing branches of mathematics.

Differentialgeometrie von Kurven und Flächen

Differentialgeometrie von Kurven und Flächen

  • Author: Manfredo P. do Carmo
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3322850722
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 263
  • View: 6639
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Inhalt: Kurven - Reguläre Flächen - Die Geometrie der Gauß-Abbildung - Die innere Geometrie von Flächen - Anhang