Search Results for "quantum-physics-a-fundamental-approach-to-modern-physics"

Quantum Physics

Quantum Physics

A Fundamental Approach to Modern Physics

  • Author: John S. Townsend
  • Publisher: Univ Science Books
  • ISBN: 9781891389627
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 411
  • View: 9369
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This innovative modern physics textbook is intended as a first introduction to quantum mechanics and its applications. Townsend's new text shuns the historical ordering that characterizes other so-called modern physics textbooks and applies a truly modern approach to this subject, starting instead with contemporary single-photon and single-atom interference experiments. The text progresses naturally from a thorough introduction to wave mechanics through applications of quantum mechanics to solid-state, nuclear, and particle physics, thereby including most of the topics normally presented in a modern physics course.

A Modern Approach to Quantum Mechanics

A Modern Approach to Quantum Mechanics

  • Author: John S. Townsend
  • Publisher: University Science Books
  • ISBN: 9781891389139
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 476
  • View: 4235
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This text allows lecturers to involve their undergraduates in the excitement and insight of Feynman's approach to quantum mechanics while simultaneously giving them a textbook that is well-ordered, logical, and pedagogically sound.

Waves and Oscillations

Waves and Oscillations

A Prelude to Quantum Mechanics

  • Author: Walter Fox Smith
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780199742127
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 432
  • View: 6942
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Waves and oscillations permeate virtually every field of current physics research, are central to chemistry, and are essential to much of engineering. Furthermore, the concepts and mathematical techniques used for serious study of waves and oscillations form the foundation for quantum mechanics. Once they have mastered these ideas in a classical context, students will be ready to focus on the challenging concepts of quantum mechanics when they encounter them, rather than struggling with techniques. This lively textbook gives a thorough grounding in complex exponentials and the key aspects of differential equations and matrix math; no prior experience is assumed. The parallels between normal mode analysis, orthogonal function analysis (especially Fourier analysis), and superpositions of quantum states are clearly drawn, without actually getting into the quantum mechanics. An in-depth, accessible introduction to Hilbert space and bra-ket notation begins in Chapter 5 (on symmetrical coupled oscillators), emphasizing the analogy with conventional dot products, and continues in subsequent chapters. Connections to current physics research (atomic force microscopy, chaos, supersolids, micro electro-mechanical systems (MEMS), magnetic resonance imaging, carbon nanotubes, and more) are highlighted in the text and in end-of-chapter problems, and are frequently updated in the associated website. The book actively engages readers with a refreshing writing style and a set of carefully applied learning tools, such as in-text concept tests, "your turn" boxes (in which the student fills in one or two steps of a derivation), concept and skill inventories for each chapter, and "wrong way" problems in which the student explains the flaw in a line of reasoning. These tools promote self-awareness of the learning process. The associated website features custom-developed applets, video and audio recordings, additional problems, and links to related current research. The instructor-only part includes difficulty ratings for problems, optional hints, full solutions, and additional support materials.

Quantum Non-Locality and Relativity

Quantum Non-Locality and Relativity

Metaphysical Intimations of Modern Physics

  • Author: Tim Maudlin
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1444331264
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 298
  • View: 1186
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"Quantum Non-Locality and Relativity is recognized as the premier philosophical study of Bell's Theorem and its implication for the relativistic account of space and time. Previous editions have been praised for the remarkable clarity of Maudlin's descriptions of both Bell's theorem and his examination of the potential conflict between the theorem and relativity. The third edition of this text has been carefully updated to reflect significant developments, including a new chapter covering important recent work in the foundations of physics. Foremost among these is Roderich Tumiulka's explicit, relativistic theory that can reproduce the quantum mechanical violation of Bell's inequality. The "Free Will Theorem" of John Conway and Simon Kochen is also discussed, as is the status of locality in the Many Worlds interpretation of quantum theory. The book has also been updated to reflect recent results in information theory. The book introduces philosophers to the relevant physics and demonstrates how philosophical analysis can help to resolve some of the problems, and requires no technical background in Physics. All of the physics is presented from first principles, and as much as possible is presented pictorially"--Provided by publisher.

An Introduction to Quantum Physics

An Introduction to Quantum Physics

  • Author: A.P. French
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351466992
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 696
  • View: 9238
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Provides comprehensive coverage of all the fundamentals of quantum physics. Full mathematical treatments are given. Uses examples from different areas of physics to demonstrate how theories work in practice. Text derived from lectures delivered at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

An Introduction to Theory and Applications of Quantum Mechanics

An Introduction to Theory and Applications of Quantum Mechanics

  • Author: Amnon Yariv
  • Publisher: Courier Corporation
  • ISBN: 0486499863
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 318
  • View: 618
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Based on a Cal Tech course, this is an outstanding introduction to formal quantum mechanics for advanced undergraduates in applied physics. The treatment's exploration of a wide range of topics culminates in two eminently practical subjects, the semiconductor transistor and the laser. Each chapter concludes with a set of problems. 1982 edition.

Quantum Theory: Concepts and Methods

Quantum Theory: Concepts and Methods

  • Author: A. Peres
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 0306471205
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 450
  • View: 4554
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There are many excellent books on quantum theory from which one can learn to compute energy levels, transition rates, cross sections, etc. The theoretical rules given in these books are routinely used by physicists to compute observable quantities. Their predictions can then be compared with experimental data. There is no fundamental disagreement among physicists on how to use the theory for these practical purposes. However, there are profound differences in their opinions on the ontological meaning of quantum theory. The purpose of this book is to clarify the conceptual meaning of quantum theory, and to explain some of the mathematical methods which it utilizes. This text is not concerned with specialized topics such as atomic structure, or strong or weak interactions, but with the very foundations of the theory. This is not, however, a book on the philosophy of science. The approach is pragmatic and strictly instrumentalist. This attitude will undoubtedly antagonize some readers, but it has its own logic: quantum phenomena do not occur in a Hilbert space, they occur in a laboratory.

Modern Physics and Quantum Mechanics

Modern Physics and Quantum Mechanics

  • Author: Elmer E. Anderson
  • Publisher: W.B. Saunders Company
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 430
  • View: 8748
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Particle Or Wave

Particle Or Wave

The Evolution of the Concept of Matter in Modern Physics

  • Author: Charis Anastopoulos
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691135120
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 410
  • View: 5009
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'Particle or Wave' explains the origins and development of modern physical concepts about matter and the controversies surrounding them.

Quantum Generations

Quantum Generations

A History of Physics in the Twentieth Century

  • Author: Helge Kragh
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691095523
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 494
  • View: 8011
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At the end of the nineteenth century, some physicists believed that the basic principles underlying their subject were already known, and that physics in the future would only consist of filling in the details. They could hardly have been more wrong. The past century has seen the rise of quantum mechanics, relativity, cosmology, particle physics, and solid-state physics, among other fields. These subjects have fundamentally changed our understanding of space, time, and matter. They have also transformed daily life, inspiring a technological revolution that has included the development of radio, television, lasers, nuclear power, and computers. In Quantum Generations, Helge Kragh, one of the world's leading historians of physics, presents a sweeping account of these extraordinary achievements of the past one hundred years. The first comprehensive one-volume history of twentieth-century physics, the book takes us from the discovery of X rays in the mid-1890s to superstring theory in the 1990s. Unlike most previous histories of physics, written either from a scientific perspective or from a social and institutional perspective, Quantum Generations combines both approaches. Kragh writes about pure science with the expertise of a trained physicist, while keeping the content accessible to nonspecialists and paying careful attention to practical uses of science, ranging from compact disks to bombs. As a historian, Kragh skillfully outlines the social and economic contexts that have shaped the field in the twentieth century. He writes, for example, about the impact of the two world wars, the fate of physics under Hitler, Mussolini, and Stalin, the role of military research, the emerging leadership of the United States, and the backlash against science that began in the 1960s. He also shows how the revolutionary discoveries of scientists ranging from Einstein, Planck, and Bohr to Stephen Hawking have been built on the great traditions of earlier centuries. Combining a mastery of detail with a sure sense of the broad contours of historical change, Kragh has written a fitting tribute to the scientists who have played such a decisive role in the making of the modern world.

Dance of the Photons

Dance of the Photons

From Einstein to Quantum Teleportation

  • Author: Anton Zeilinger
  • Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
  • ISBN: 1429963794
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 7695
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Einstein's steadfast refusal to accept certain aspects of quantum theory was rooted in his insistence that physics has to be about reality. Accordingly, he once derided as "spooky action at a distance" the notion that two elementary particles far removed from each other could nonetheless influence each other's properties—a hypothetical phenomenon his fellow theorist Erwin Schrödinger termed "quantum entanglement." In a series of ingenious experiments conducted in various locations—from a dank sewage tunnel under the Danube River to the balmy air between a pair of mountain peaks in the Canary Islands—the author and his colleagues have demonstrated the reality of such entanglement using photons, or light quanta, created by laser beams. In principle the lessons learned may be applicable in other areas, including the eventual development of quantum computers.

Quantum Physics

Quantum Physics

  • Author: Michel Le Bellac
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139450794
  • Category: Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3495
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Quantum physics allows us to understand the nature of the physical phenomena which govern the behavior of solids, semi-conductors, lasers, atoms, nuclei, subnuclear particles and light. In Quantum Physics, Le Bellac provides a thoroughly modern approach to this fundamental theory. Throughout the book, Le Bellac teaches the fundamentals of quantum physics using an original approach which relies primarily on an algebraic treatment and on the systematic use of symmetry principles. In addition to the standard topics such as one-dimensional potentials, angular momentum and scattering theory, the reader is introduced to more recent developments at an early stage. These include a detailed account of entangled states and their applications, the optical Bloch equations, the theory of laser cooling and of magneto-optical traps, vacuum Rabi oscillations and an introduction to open quantum systems. This is a textbook for a modern course on quantum physics, written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students.

Quantum Physics for Scientists and Technologists

Quantum Physics for Scientists and Technologists

Fundamental Principles and Applications for Biologists, Chemists, Computer Scientists, and Nanotechnologists

  • Author: Paul Sanghera
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 9780470922699
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 432
  • View: 9249
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Quantum Physics for Scientists and Technologists is a self-contained, comprehensive review of this complex branch of science. The book demystifies difficult concepts and views the subject through non-physics fields such as computer science, biology, chemistry, and nanotechnology. It explains key concepts and phenomena in the language of non-physics majors and with simple math, assuming no prior knowledge of the topic. This cohesive book begins with the wavefunction to develop the basic principles of quantum mechanics such as the uncertainty principle and wave-particle duality. Comprehensive coverage of quantum theory is presented, supported by experimental results and explained through applications and examples without the use of abstract and complex mathematical tools or formalisms. From there, the book: Takes the mystery out of the Schrodinger equation, the fundamental equation of quantum physics, by applying it to atoms Shows how quantum mechanics explains the periodic table of elements Introduces the quantum mechanical concept of spin and spin quantum number, along with Pauli's Exclusion Principle regarding the occupation of quantum states Addresses quantum states of molecules in terms of rotation and vibration of diatomic molecules Explores the interface between classical statistical mechanics and quantum statistical mechanics Discusses quantum mechanics as a common thread through different fields of nanoscience and nanotechnology Each chapter features real-world applications of one or more quantum mechanics principles. "Study Checkpoints" and problems with solutions are presented throughout to make difficult concepts easy to understand. In addition, pictures, tables, and diagrams with full explanations are used to present data and further explain difficult concepts. This book is designed as a complete course in quantum mechanics for senior undergraduates and first-year graduate students in non-physics majors. It also applies to courses such as modern physics, physical chemistry and nanotechnology. The material is also accessible to scientists, engineers, and technologists working in the fields of computer science, biology, chemistry, engineering, and nanotechnology.

A Quantum Approach to Condensed Matter Physics

A Quantum Approach to Condensed Matter Physics

  • Author: Philip L. Taylor,Olle Heinonen
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521778275
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 414
  • View: 6312
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A self-contained introductory text on the theory underlying the properties of solids and quantum liquids.

Introduction to Modern Physics

Introduction to Modern Physics

Theoretical Foundations

  • Author: John Dirk Walecka
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9812812245
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 477
  • View: 319
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This Well-written book is devoted to modern physics that was revolutionized in the last century with few exceptions the monograph is self contained. He book is also useful for practicing scientists treating basic principles and a wide range of applications.

The Quantum Challenge

The Quantum Challenge

Modern Research on the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics

  • Author: George Greenstein,Arthur Zajonc
  • Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
  • ISBN: 9780763724702
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 300
  • View: 4338
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The Quantum Challenge, Second Edition, is an engaging and thorough treatment of the extraordinary phenomena of quantum mechanics and of the enormous challenge they present to our conception of the physical world. Traditionally, the thrill of grappling with such issues is reserved for practicing scientists, while physical science, mathematics, and engineering students are often isolated from these inspiring questions. This book was written to remove this isolation.

Quantum Trading

Quantum Trading

Using Principles of Modern Physics to Forecast the Financial Markets

  • Author: Fabio Oreste
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0470435127
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 240
  • View: 4092
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A cutting-edge guide to quantum trading Original and thought-provoking, Quantum Trading presents acompelling new way to look at technical analysis and will help youuse the proven principles of modern physics to forecast financialmarkets. In it, author Fabio Oreste shows how both the theory ofrelativity and quantum physics is required to makes sense of pricebehavior and forecast intermediate and long-term tops and bottoms.He relates his work to that of legendary trader W.D. Gann andreveals how Gann's somewhat esoteric theories are consistent withhis applications of Einstein's theory of relativity and quantumtheory to price behavior. Applies concepts from modern science to financial marketforecasting Shows how to generate support/resistance areas and identifypotential market turning points Addresses how non-linear approaches to trading can be used toboth understand and forecast market prices While no trading approach is perfect, the techniques foundwithin these pages have enabled the author to achieve a veryattractive annual return since 2002. See what his insights cando for you.

Special Relativity

Special Relativity

  • Author: Thomas M. Helliwell
  • Publisher: Univ Science Books
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 305
  • View: 3357
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Written in a clear, informal style, this text explores the most accessible of the 20th century revolutions in physics. It allows readers to build up physical intuition for what is going on, before presenting concise mathematical descriptions. It contains many applications and numerous illustrations, examples and problems.

Principles of Quantum Mechanics

Principles of Quantum Mechanics

  • Author: R. Shankar
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 147570576X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 676
  • View: 8613
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R. Shankar has introduced major additions and updated key presentations in this second edition of Principles of Quantum Mechanics. New features of this innovative text include an entirely rewritten mathematical introduction, a discussion of Time-reversal invariance, and extensive coverage of a variety of path integrals and their applications. Additional highlights include: - Clear, accessible treatment of underlying mathematics - A review of Newtonian, Lagrangian, and Hamiltonian mechanics - Student understanding of quantum theory is enhanced by separate treatment of mathematical theorems and physical postulates - Unsurpassed coverage of path integrals and their relevance in contemporary physics The requisite text for advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level students, Principles of Quantum Mechanics, Second Edition is fully referenced and is supported by many exercises and solutions. The book’s self-contained chapters also make it suitable for independent study as well as for courses in applied disciplines.

Physics from Symmetry

Physics from Symmetry

  • Author: Jakob Schwichtenberg
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319666312
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 287
  • View: 5886
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This is a textbook that derives the fundamental theories of physics from symmetry. It starts by introducing, in a completely self-contained way, all mathematical tools needed to use symmetry ideas in physics. Thereafter, these tools are put into action and by using symmetry constraints, the fundamental equations of Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Field Theory, Electromagnetism, and Classical Mechanics are derived. As a result, the reader is able to understand the basic assumptions behind, and the connections between the modern theories of physics. The book concludes with first applications of the previously derived equations. Thanks to the input of readers from around the world, this second edition has been purged of typographical errors and also contains several revised sections with improved explanations.