Search Results for "race-and-ethnicity-in-latin-american-history"

Race and Ethnicity in Latin American History

Race and Ethnicity in Latin American History

  • Author: Vincent Peloso
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136331727
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 232
  • View: 7148
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The Spanish and Portuguese empires that existed in the Americas for over three hundred years resulted in the creation of a New World population in which a complex array of racial and ethnic distinctions were embedded in the discourse of power. During the colonial era, racial and ethnic identities were publicly acknowledged by the state and the Church, and subject to stringent codes that shaped both individual lives and the structures of society. The legacy of these distinctions continued after independence, as race and ethnicity continued to form culturally defined categories of social life. In Race and Ethnicity in Latin American History, Vincent Peloso traces the story of ethnicity and race in Latin America from the sixteenth century to the contemporary period. In a short, synthetic narrative, he lays the groundwork for students to understand how the history of colonial racism is connected to the problems of racism in today’s Latin American societies. With features including timelines, plentiful maps and illustrations, and boxes highlighting important historical figures, the text provides a clear and accessible introduction to the complex subject of race and ethnicity in the history of Latin America.

Race And Ethnicity In Latin America

Race And Ethnicity In Latin America

  • Author: Peter Wade
  • Publisher: Pluto Press
  • ISBN: 9780745309873
  • Category: History
  • Page: 152
  • View: 9557
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'An excellent source on past and present debates, and a coherent and insightful set of proposals concerning methodology'.International Affairs'More than merely providing a student's textbook. [Wade] covers the main themes and offers a comprehensive overview of the relevant debates ... an excellent textbook.'European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies'Wade's latest book is intelligent and easy-to-read, and represents a significant contribution to the knowledge and understanding of the dynamics of race and ethnicity in Latin America.'Patterns of Prejudice

Race and Ethnic Relations in Latin America and the Caribbean

Race and Ethnic Relations in Latin America and the Caribbean

An Historical Dictionary and Bibliography

  • Author: Robert M. Levine
  • Publisher: Metuchen, N.J. : Scarecrow Press
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 252
  • View: 7584
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From Movements to Parties in Latin America

From Movements to Parties in Latin America

The Evolution of Ethnic Politics

  • Author: Donna Lee Van Cott
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521707039
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 9727
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Explains the formation in the 1990s of successful political parties in four Latin American countries.

Race and Nation in Modern Latin America

Race and Nation in Modern Latin America

  • Author: Nancy P. Appelbaum,Anne S. Macpherson,Karin Alejandra Rosemblatt
  • Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
  • ISBN: 9780807854419
  • Category: History
  • Page: 329
  • View: 2614
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Based on cutting-edge research, these 12 essays examine connections between race and national identity in Latin America and the Caribbean in the post-independence era. They reveal how notions of race and nationhood have varied over time and across the region's political landscapes.

Dictionary of Latin American Racial and Ethnic Terminology

Dictionary of Latin American Racial and Ethnic Terminology

  • Author: Thomas M. Stephens
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780813017051
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 863
  • View: 2050
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Praise for the first edition of Dictionary of Latin American Racial and Ethnic Terminology: "Essential for any library that has Hispanic patrons or users who read or listen to even a smattering of Spanish: in today's multicultural environment, almost every academic library should own this book."--Choice "A major contribution to the understanding of historical and contemporary concepts of race and ethnicity in Latin America and, to a certain extent, in the United States."--Ethnic Studies "The most thorough and trustworthy lexicon of Ibero-American ethnic descriptors ever published. It will serve many a scholar as the point of departure for primary-source fieldwork in one of the most fascinating semantic fields of Western-Hemisphere Spanish and Portuguese."--Language "For the first time, a detailed etymology of Spanish and Portuguese words used for racial and ethnic purposes in Latin America. . . . Cites sources for word usage and, where possible, provides the context in which the word is used. An invaluable reference work for researchers in race and ethnicity."--Library Journal This thoroughly revised and updated version of Thomas M. Stephens's popular and respected dictionary now features terms of the French American and American French Creole Caribbean. In addition, it introduces new symbols and abbreviations and cross-references more terms between and among Spanish, Portuguese, and French than in the first edition. Stephens also has combined some terms whose only difference was a matter of spelling, intercalated the definitions for terms he has re-alphabetized, and updated definitions. Without altering his earlier book's successful form and style, Stephens here has radically augmented the content of a classic reference work. Thomas M. Stephens, associate professor of Spanish and Portuguese at Rutgers University, is the author of Dictionary of Latin American Racial and Ethnic Terminology (UPF, 1990)and has published various articles on language and ethnicity.

Race, Ethnicity, and Class

Race, Ethnicity, and Class

Forging the Plural Society in Latin America and the Caribbean

  • Author: Franklin W. Knight
  • Publisher: Baylor University Press
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 51
  • View: 7014
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Professor Knight addresses race, ethnicity, and class in Latin America and the Caribbean, and his conclusions are important for re-valuing the history and place of these regions in the evolution of political systems.

The Rise of Ethnic Politics in Latin America

The Rise of Ethnic Politics in Latin America

  • Author: Raúl L. Madrid
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521195594
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 239
  • View: 3231
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Explores why indigenous movements have recently won elections for the first time in the history of Latin America.

The Idea of Race in Latin America, 1870-1940

The Idea of Race in Latin America, 1870-1940

  • Author: Richard Graham,Thomas E. Skidmore,Aline Helg,Alan Knight
  • Publisher: University of Texas Press
  • ISBN: 9780292738577
  • Category: History
  • Page: 135
  • View: 7789
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From the mid-nineteenth century until the 1930s, many Latin American leaders faced a difficult dilemma regarding the idea of race. On the one hand, they aspired to an ever-closer connection to Europe and North America, where, during much of this period, "scientific" thought condemned nonwhite races to an inferior category. Yet, with the heterogeneous racial makeup of their societies clearly before them and a growing sense of national identity impelling consideration of national futures, Latin American leaders hesitated. What to do? Whom to believe? Latin American political and intellectual leaders' sometimes anguished responses to these dilemmas form the subject of The Idea of Race in Latin America. Thomas Skidmore, Aline Helg, and Alan Knight have each contributed chapters that succinctly explore various aspects of the story in Brazil, Argentina, Cuba, and Mexico. While keenly alert to the social and economic differences that distinguish one Latin American society from another, each author has also addressed common issues that Richard Graham ably draws together in a brief introduction. Written in a style that will make it accessible to the undergraduate, this book will appeal as well to the sophisticated scholar.

Negotiating National Identity

Negotiating National Identity

Immigrants, Minorities, and the Struggle for Ethnicity in Brazil

  • Author: Jeff Lesser
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 9780822322924
  • Category: History
  • Page: 281
  • View: 5071
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Despite great ethnic and racial diversity, ethnicity in Brazil is often portrayed as a simple matter of black or white, a distinction reinforced by the ruling elite's efforts to craft the nation's identity in its own image-white, Christian, and European. In Negotiating National Identity Jeffrey Lesser explores the role ethnic minorities from China, Japan, North Africa, and the Middle East have played in constructing a national identity, thereby challenging dominant notions of Brazilian nationality and citizenship. Seeking to realise their vision of a white Brazil, the ruling classes welcomed "desirable" European immigrants yet did not anticipate the potential threat of social and labour activism. In reaction, Brazilian elites recruited migrant labour from Asia and the Middle East, then expanded the definition of "whiteness," encouraging the new arrivals to consider themselves white regardless of their actual race or ethnicity. Believing, however, that their ethnic heritage was too high a price to pay for the "privilege" of being white, many of these immigrants have created alternative categories for themselves, such as Syrian-Brazilian, Korean-Brazilian, and so on. By examining how acculturating minority groups have represented themselves, Lesser re-envisions what it means to be Brazilian. Based on extensive research, Negotiating National Identity will be valuable to scholars and students in Brazilian and Latin American studies, as well as those in the fields of immigrant history, ethnic studies, and race relations.

The Oxford Handbook of Latin American History

The Oxford Handbook of Latin American History

  • Author: Jose C. Moya
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0195166205
  • Category: History
  • Page: 526
  • View: 8873
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This Oxford Handbook comprehensively examines the field of Latin American history.

Cases of Exclusion and Mobilization of Race and Ethnicities in Latin America

Cases of Exclusion and Mobilization of Race and Ethnicities in Latin America

  • Author: Marc Becker
  • Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • ISBN: 144386871X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 230
  • View: 4076
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Issues of race and ethnicity in Latin America continue to gain a growing amount of academic attention. While themes of ethnic identities, indigeneity, and race relations are commonly examined in our respective disciplines, it is less common to bring together essays from scholars from such a broad variety of disciplines. The papers collected in this volume draw on a wide range of studies from across Latin America, including the examination of ethnohistory, the environment, and culture. They convey a large diversity of perspectives, disciplines, and issues that reflect the richness and complexities of the social processes that encompass the Americas. Taken as a whole, this broad range of studies on ethnohistory, environmental and legal issues, education, and culture advances our understandings of race and ethnicity in Latin America. In the process, these studies incorporate related issues of how historical and political developments in Latin America have, and continue to be, experienced differently based on varying gendered and class perspectives. These studies examine how those speaking from the margins continue to shape and reshape what we know as Latin America.

Imperial subjects

Imperial subjects

race and identity in colonial Latin America

  • Author: Andrew B. Fisher,Matthew David O'Hara
  • Publisher: Duke University Press Books
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 303
  • View: 1357
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Gathers together some of the most important scholarship on race in colonial Latin America to examine how historical actors contested, appropriated, and transformed publicly-available markers of difference.

Blackness in Latin America and the Caribbean: Eastern South America and the Caribbean

Blackness in Latin America and the Caribbean: Eastern South America and the Caribbean

  • Author: Norman E. Whitten,Arlene Torres
  • Publisher: Indiana University Press
  • ISBN: 9780253211941
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 576
  • View: 544
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Shows regional Black history

Blacks and Blackness in Central America

Blacks and Blackness in Central America

Between Race and Place

  • Author: Lowell Gudmundson,Justin Wolfe
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 0822393131
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 416
  • View: 4549
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Many of the earliest Africans to arrive in the Americas came to Central America with Spanish colonists in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, and people of African descent constituted the majority of nonindigenous populations in the region long thereafter. Yet in the development of national identities and historical consciousness, Central American nations have often countenanced widespread practices of social, political, and regional exclusion of blacks. The postcolonial development of mestizo or mixed-race ideologies of national identity have systematically downplayed African ancestry and social and political involvement in favor of Spanish and Indian heritage and contributions. In addition, a powerful sense of place and belonging has led many peoples of African descent in Central America to identify themselves as something other than African American, reinforcing the tendency of local and foreign scholars to see Central America as peripheral to the African diaspora in the Americas. The essays in this collection begin to recover the forgotten and downplayed histories of blacks in Central America, demonstrating the centrality of African Americans to the region’s history from the earliest colonial times to the present. They reveal how modern nationalist attempts to define mixed-race majorities as “Indo-Hispanic,” or as anything but African American, clash with the historical record of the first region of the Americas in which African Americans not only gained the right to vote but repeatedly held high office, including the presidency, following independence from Spain in 1821. Contributors. Rina Cáceres Gómez, Lowell Gudmundson, Ronald Harpelle, Juliet Hooker, Catherine Komisaruk, Russell Lohse, Paul Lokken, Mauricio Meléndez Obando, Karl H. Offen, Lara Putnam, Justin Wolfe

"The Hour of Eugenics"

Race, Gender, and Nation in Latin America

  • Author: Nancy Stepan
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 9780801497957
  • Category: History
  • Page: 210
  • View: 1719
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Eugenics was a term coined in 1883 to name the scientific and social theory which advocated "race improvement" through selective human breeding. In Europe and the United States the eugenics movement found many supporters before it was finally discredited by its association with the racist ideology of Nazi Germany. Examining for the first time how eugenics was taken up by scientists and social reformers in Latin America, Nancy Leys Stepan compares the eugenics movements in Mexico, Brazil, and Argentina with the more familiar cases of Britain, the United States, and Germany. In this highly original account, Stepan sheds new light on the role of science in reformulating issues of race, gender, reproduction, and public health in an era when the focus on national identity was particularly intense. Drawing upon a rich body of evidence concerning the technical publications and professional meetings of Latin American eugenicists, she examines how they adapted eugenic principles to local contexts between the world wars. Stepan shows that Latin American eugenicists diverged considerably from their counterparts in Europe and the United States in their ideological approach and their interpretations of key texts concerning heredity.

The Blood of Guatemala

The Blood of Guatemala

A History of Race and Nation

  • Author: Greg Grandin
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 9780822324959
  • Category: History
  • Page: 343
  • View: 1869
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DIVA study of the political and cultural formation of one of Guatemala's indigenous communities that explores the nationalization of ethnicity, the preservation of Mayan identity, and the formation of a brutally repressive state./div

Changing Race

Changing Race

Latinos, the Census and the History of Ethnicity

  • Author: Clara E. Rodriguez
  • Publisher: NYU Press
  • ISBN: 0814745083
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 283
  • View: 5080
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Latinos are the fastest growing population group in the United States.Through their language and popular music Latinos are making their mark on American culture as never before. As the United States becomes Latinized, how will Latinos fit into America's divided racial landscape and how will they define their own racial and ethnic identity? Through strikingly original historical analysis, extensive personal interviews and a careful examination of census data, Clara E. Rodriguez shows that Latino identity is surprisingly fluid, situation-dependent, and constantly changing. She illustrates how the way Latinos are defining themselves, and refusing to define themselves, represents a powerful challenge to America's system of racial classification and American racism.

Inequality in Latin America

Inequality in Latin America

Breaking with History?

  • Author: David M. De Ferranti
  • Publisher: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN: 0821356658
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 380
  • View: 5659
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Latin America and the Caribbean has been one of the regions of the world with the greatest inequality. This book explores why the region suffers from such persistent inequality, identifies how it hampers development, and suggests ways to achieve greater equity in the distribution of wealth, incomes and opportunities. The study draws on data from 20 countries based on household surveys covering 3.6 million people, and reviews extensive economic, sociological and political science studies on inequality in Latin America. Four broad areas for action by governments and civil society groups to break the destructive pattern are outlined: (1) build more open political and social institutions, that allow the poor and historically subordinate groups to gain a greater share of agency, voice and power in society; (2) ensure that economic institutions and policies seek greater equity, through sound macroeconomic management and equitable, efficient crisis resolution institutions, that avoid the large regressive redistributions that occur during crises, and that allow for saving in good times to enhance access by the poor to social safety nets in bad times; (3) increase access by the poor to high-quality public services, especially education, health, water and electricity, as well as access to farmland and the rural services, and protect and enforce the property rights of the urban poor; (4) reform income transfer programmes so that they reach the poorest families.

Black in Latin America

Black in Latin America

  • Author: Henry Louis Gates Jr.
  • Publisher: NYU Press
  • ISBN: 0814732992
  • Category: History
  • Page: 270
  • View: 4274
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Selected as a 2012 Outstanding Title by AAUP University Press Books for Public and Secondary School Libraries 12.5 million Africans were shipped to the New World during the Middle Passage. While just over 11.0 million survived the arduous journey, only about 450,000 of them arrived in the United States. The rest—over ten and a half million—were taken to the Caribbean and Latin America. This astonishing fact changes our entire picture of the history of slavery in the Western hemisphere, and of its lasting cultural impact. These millions of Africans created new and vibrant cultures, magnificently compelling syntheses of various African, English, French, Portuguese, and Spanish influences. Despite their great numbers, the cultural and social worlds that they created remain largely unknown to most Americans, except for certain popular, cross-over musical forms. So Henry Louis Gates, Jr. set out on a quest to discover how Latin Americans of African descent live now, and how the countries of their acknowledge—or deny—their African past; how the fact of race and African ancestry play themselves out in the multicultural worlds of the Caribbean and Latin America. Starting with the slave experience and extending to the present, Gates unveils the history of the African presence in six Latin American countries—Brazil, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Mexico, and Peru—through art, music, cuisine, dance, politics, and religion, but also the very palpable presence of anti-black racism that has sometimes sought to keep the black cultural presence from view. In Brazil, he delves behind the façade of Carnaval to discover how this ‘rainbow nation’ is waking up to its legacy as the world’s largest slave economy. In Cuba, he finds out how the culture, religion, politics and music of this island is inextricably linked to the huge amount of slave labor imported to produce its enormously profitable 19th century sugar industry, and how race and racism have fared since Fidel Castro’s Communist revolution in 1959. In Haiti, he tells the story of the birth of the first-ever black republic, and finds out how the slaves’s hard fought liberation over Napoleon Bonaparte’s French Empire became a double-edged sword. In Mexico and Peru, he explores the almost unknown history of the significant numbers of black people—far greater than the number brought to the United States—brought to these countries as early as the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, and the worlds of culture that their descendants have created in Vera Cruz on the Gulf of Mexico, the Costa Chica region on the Pacific, and in and around Lima, Peru. Professor Gates’ journey becomes ours as we are introduced to the faces and voices of the descendants of the Africans who created these worlds. He shows both the similarities and distinctions between these cultures, and how the New World manifestations are rooted in, but distinct from, their African antecedents. “Black in Latin America” is the third instalment of Gates’s documentary trilogy on the Black Experience in Africa, the United States, and in Latin America. In America Behind the Color Line, Professor Gates examined the fortunes of the black population of modern-day America. In Wonders of the African World, he embarked upon a series of journeys to reveal the history of African culture. Now, he brings that quest full-circle in an effort to discover how Africa and Europe combined to create the vibrant cultures of Latin America, with a rich legacy of thoughtful, articulate subjects whose stories are astonishingly moving and irresistibly compelling.