Search Results for "race-and-ethnicity-in-latin-american-history"

Race And Ethnicity In Latin America

Race And Ethnicity In Latin America

  • Author: Peter Wade
  • Publisher: Pluto Press
  • ISBN: 9780745309873
  • Category: History
  • Page: 152
  • View: 4781
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'An excellent source on past and present debates, and a coherent and insightful set of proposals concerning methodology'.International Affairs'More than merely providing a student's textbook. [Wade] covers the main themes and offers a comprehensive overview of the relevant debates ... an excellent textbook.'European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies'Wade's latest book is intelligent and easy-to-read, and represents a significant contribution to the knowledge and understanding of the dynamics of race and ethnicity in Latin America.'Patterns of Prejudice

Race and Ethnicity in Latin American History

Race and Ethnicity in Latin American History

  • Author: Vincent Peloso
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136331727
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 232
  • View: 4911
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The Spanish and Portuguese empires that existed in the Americas for over three hundred years resulted in the creation of a New World population in which a complex array of racial and ethnic distinctions were embedded in the discourse of power. During the colonial era, racial and ethnic identities were publicly acknowledged by the state and the Church, and subject to stringent codes that shaped both individual lives and the structures of society. The legacy of these distinctions continued after independence, as race and ethnicity continued to form culturally defined categories of social life. In Race and Ethnicity in Latin American History, Vincent Peloso traces the story of ethnicity and race in Latin America from the sixteenth century to the contemporary period. In a short, synthetic narrative, he lays the groundwork for students to understand how the history of colonial racism is connected to the problems of racism in today’s Latin American societies. With features including timelines, plentiful maps and illustrations, and boxes highlighting important historical figures, the text provides a clear and accessible introduction to the complex subject of race and ethnicity in the history of Latin America.

Race and Ethnic Relations in Latin America and the Caribbean

Race and Ethnic Relations in Latin America and the Caribbean

An Historical Dictionary and Bibliography

  • Author: Robert M. Levine
  • Publisher: Metuchen, N.J. : Scarecrow Press
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 252
  • View: 6770
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Pigmentocracies

Pigmentocracies

Ethnicity, Race, and Color in Latin America

  • Author: Edward Telles,Project on Ethnicity and Race in Latin America
  • Publisher: UNC Press Books
  • ISBN: 1469617838
  • Category: History
  • Page: 320
  • View: 9394
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Pigmentocracies: Ethnicity, Race, and Color in Latin America

Dictionary of Latin American Racial and Ethnic Terminology

Dictionary of Latin American Racial and Ethnic Terminology

  • Author: Thomas M. Stephens
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780813017051
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 863
  • View: 3595
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Praise for the first edition of Dictionary of Latin American Racial and Ethnic Terminology: "Essential for any library that has Hispanic patrons or users who read or listen to even a smattering of Spanish: in today's multicultural environment, almost every academic library should own this book."--Choice "A major contribution to the understanding of historical and contemporary concepts of race and ethnicity in Latin America and, to a certain extent, in the United States."--Ethnic Studies "The most thorough and trustworthy lexicon of Ibero-American ethnic descriptors ever published. It will serve many a scholar as the point of departure for primary-source fieldwork in one of the most fascinating semantic fields of Western-Hemisphere Spanish and Portuguese."--Language "For the first time, a detailed etymology of Spanish and Portuguese words used for racial and ethnic purposes in Latin America. . . . Cites sources for word usage and, where possible, provides the context in which the word is used. An invaluable reference work for researchers in race and ethnicity."--Library Journal This thoroughly revised and updated version of Thomas M. Stephens's popular and respected dictionary now features terms of the French American and American French Creole Caribbean. In addition, it introduces new symbols and abbreviations and cross-references more terms between and among Spanish, Portuguese, and French than in the first edition. Stephens also has combined some terms whose only difference was a matter of spelling, intercalated the definitions for terms he has re-alphabetized, and updated definitions. Without altering his earlier book's successful form and style, Stephens here has radically augmented the content of a classic reference work. Thomas M. Stephens, associate professor of Spanish and Portuguese at Rutgers University, is the author of Dictionary of Latin American Racial and Ethnic Terminology (UPF, 1990)and has published various articles on language and ethnicity.

Race and Nation in Modern Latin America

Race and Nation in Modern Latin America

  • Author: Nancy P. Appelbaum,Anne S. Macpherson,Karin Alejandra Rosemblatt
  • Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
  • ISBN: 9780807854419
  • Category: History
  • Page: 329
  • View: 9270
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Based on cutting-edge research, these 12 essays examine connections between race and national identity in Latin America and the Caribbean in the post-independence era. They reveal how notions of race and nationhood have varied over time and across the region's political landscapes.

The Rise of Ethnic Politics in Latin America

The Rise of Ethnic Politics in Latin America

  • Author: Raúl L. Madrid
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521195594
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 239
  • View: 4424
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Explores why indigenous movements have recently won elections for the first time in the history of Latin America.

Negotiating National Identity

Negotiating National Identity

Immigrants, Minorities, and the Struggle for Ethnicity in Brazil

  • Author: Jeff Lesser
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 9780822322924
  • Category: History
  • Page: 281
  • View: 3026
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Despite great ethnic and racial diversity, ethnicity in Brazil is often portrayed as a simple matter of black or white, a distinction reinforced by the ruling elite's efforts to craft the nation's identity in its own image-white, Christian, and European. In Negotiating National Identity Jeffrey Lesser explores the role ethnic minorities from China, Japan, North Africa, and the Middle East have played in constructing a national identity, thereby challenging dominant notions of Brazilian nationality and citizenship. Seeking to realise their vision of a white Brazil, the ruling classes welcomed "desirable" European immigrants yet did not anticipate the potential threat of social and labour activism. In reaction, Brazilian elites recruited migrant labour from Asia and the Middle East, then expanded the definition of "whiteness," encouraging the new arrivals to consider themselves white regardless of their actual race or ethnicity. Believing, however, that their ethnic heritage was too high a price to pay for the "privilege" of being white, many of these immigrants have created alternative categories for themselves, such as Syrian-Brazilian, Korean-Brazilian, and so on. By examining how acculturating minority groups have represented themselves, Lesser re-envisions what it means to be Brazilian. Based on extensive research, Negotiating National Identity will be valuable to scholars and students in Brazilian and Latin American studies, as well as those in the fields of immigrant history, ethnic studies, and race relations.

Cases of Exclusion and Mobilization of Race and Ethnicities in Latin America

Cases of Exclusion and Mobilization of Race and Ethnicities in Latin America

  • Author: Marc Becker
  • Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • ISBN: 144386871X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 230
  • View: 6626
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Issues of race and ethnicity in Latin America continue to gain a growing amount of academic attention. While themes of ethnic identities, indigeneity, and race relations are commonly examined in our respective disciplines, it is less common to bring together essays from scholars from such a broad variety of disciplines. The papers collected in this volume draw on a wide range of studies from across Latin America, including the examination of ethnohistory, the environment, and culture. They convey a large diversity of perspectives, disciplines, and issues that reflect the richness and complexities of the social processes that encompass the Americas. Taken as a whole, this broad range of studies on ethnohistory, environmental and legal issues, education, and culture advances our understandings of race and ethnicity in Latin America. In the process, these studies incorporate related issues of how historical and political developments in Latin America have, and continue to be, experienced differently based on varying gendered and class perspectives. These studies examine how those speaking from the margins continue to shape and reshape what we know as Latin America.

The Idea of Race in Latin America, 1870-1940

The Idea of Race in Latin America, 1870-1940

  • Author: Richard Graham
  • Publisher: University of Texas Press
  • ISBN: 0292788886
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 143
  • View: 9612
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From the mid-nineteenth century until the 1930s, many Latin American leaders faced a difficult dilemma regarding the idea of race. On the one hand, they aspired to an ever-closer connection to Europe and North America, where, during much of this period, "scientific" thought condemned nonwhite races to an inferior category. Yet, with the heterogeneous racial makeup of their societies clearly before them and a growing sense of national identity impelling consideration of national futures, Latin American leaders hesitated. What to do? Whom to believe? Latin American political and intellectual leaders' sometimes anguished responses to these dilemmas form the subject of The Idea of Race in Latin America. Thomas Skidmore, Aline Helg, and Alan Knight have each contributed chapters that succinctly explore various aspects of the story in Brazil, Argentina, Cuba, and Mexico. While keenly alert to the social and economic differences that distinguish one Latin American society from another, each author has also addressed common issues that Richard Graham ably draws together in a brief introduction. Written in a style that will make it accessible to the undergraduate, this book will appeal as well to the sophisticated scholar.

National Colors

National Colors

Racial Classification and the State in Latin America

  • Author: Mara Loveman
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199337373
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 2291
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The era of official color-blindness in Latin America has come to an end. For the first time in decades, nearly every state in Latin America now asks their citizens to identify their race or ethnicity on the national census. Most observers approvingly highlight the historic novelty of these reforms, but National Colors shows that official racial classification of citizens has a long history in Latin America. Through a comprehensive analysis of the politics and practice of official ethnoracial classification in the censuses of nineteen Latin American states across nearly two centuries, this book explains why most Latin American states classified their citizens by race on early national censuses, why they stopped the practice of official racial classification around mid-twentieth century, and why they reintroduced ethnoracial classification on national censuses at the dawn of the twenty-first century. Beyond domestic political struggles, the analysis reveals that the ways that Latin American states classified their populations from the mid-nineteenth century onward responded to changes in international criteria for how to construct a modern nation and promote national development. As prevailing international understandings of what made a political and cultural community a modern nation changed, so too did the ways that Latin American census officials depicted diversity within national populations. The way census officials described populations in official statistics, in turn, shaped how policymakers viewed national populations and informed their prescriptions for national development--with consequences that still reverberate in contemporary political struggles for recognition, rights, and redress for ethnoracially marginalized populations in today's Latin America.

Race and Sex in Latin America

Race and Sex in Latin America

  • Author: Peter Wade
  • Publisher: Pluto Press
  • ISBN: 9780745329505
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 7703
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The intersection of race and sex in Latin America is a subject touched upon by many disciplines but this is the only book that deals soley with these issues. Interracial sexual relations are often a key mythic basis for Latin American national identities, but these concepts are underexplored in English language works. Peter Wade provides a pioneering overview of the growing literature on race and sex in the region, covering historical aspects and contemporary debates. He includes both black and indigenous people in the frame, as well as mixed and white people, avoiding the implication that “race” means “black-white” relations. Challenging but accessible, this book will appeal across the social sciences, particularly to students of anthropology, gender studies and Latin American studies.

A Companion to Latin American History

A Companion to Latin American History

  • Author: Thomas H. Holloway
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 9781444391640
  • Category: History
  • Page: 544
  • View: 6901
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The Companion to Latin American History collects the work of leading experts in the field to create a single-source overview of the diverse history and current trends in the study of Latin America. Presents a state-of-the-art overview of the history of Latin America Written by the top international experts in the field 28 chapters come together as a superlative single source of information for scholars and students Recognizes the breadth and diversity of Latin American history by providing systematic chronological and geographical coverage Covers both historical trends and new areas of interest

The Oxford Handbook of Latin American History

The Oxford Handbook of Latin American History

  • Author: Jose C. Moya
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0195166205
  • Category: History
  • Page: 526
  • View: 6047
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This Oxford Handbook comprehensively examines the field of Latin American history.

Inequality in Latin America

Inequality in Latin America

Breaking with History?

  • Author: David M. De Ferranti
  • Publisher: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN: 0821356658
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 380
  • View: 8628
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Latin America and the Caribbean has been one of the regions of the world with the greatest inequality. This book explores why the region suffers from such persistent inequality, identifies how it hampers development, and suggests ways to achieve greater equity in the distribution of wealth, incomes and opportunities. The study draws on data from 20 countries based on household surveys covering 3.6 million people, and reviews extensive economic, sociological and political science studies on inequality in Latin America. Four broad areas for action by governments and civil society groups to break the destructive pattern are outlined: (1) build more open political and social institutions, that allow the poor and historically subordinate groups to gain a greater share of agency, voice and power in society; (2) ensure that economic institutions and policies seek greater equity, through sound macroeconomic management and equitable, efficient crisis resolution institutions, that avoid the large regressive redistributions that occur during crises, and that allow for saving in good times to enhance access by the poor to social safety nets in bad times; (3) increase access by the poor to high-quality public services, especially education, health, water and electricity, as well as access to farmland and the rural services, and protect and enforce the property rights of the urban poor; (4) reform income transfer programmes so that they reach the poorest families.

Blacks and Blackness in Central America

Blacks and Blackness in Central America

Between Race and Place

  • Author: Lowell Gudmundson,Justin Wolfe
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 0822393131
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 416
  • View: 8723
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Many of the earliest Africans to arrive in the Americas came to Central America with Spanish colonists in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, and people of African descent constituted the majority of nonindigenous populations in the region long thereafter. Yet in the development of national identities and historical consciousness, Central American nations have often countenanced widespread practices of social, political, and regional exclusion of blacks. The postcolonial development of mestizo or mixed-race ideologies of national identity have systematically downplayed African ancestry and social and political involvement in favor of Spanish and Indian heritage and contributions. In addition, a powerful sense of place and belonging has led many peoples of African descent in Central America to identify themselves as something other than African American, reinforcing the tendency of local and foreign scholars to see Central America as peripheral to the African diaspora in the Americas. The essays in this collection begin to recover the forgotten and downplayed histories of blacks in Central America, demonstrating the centrality of African Americans to the region’s history from the earliest colonial times to the present. They reveal how modern nationalist attempts to define mixed-race majorities as “Indo-Hispanic,” or as anything but African American, clash with the historical record of the first region of the Americas in which African Americans not only gained the right to vote but repeatedly held high office, including the presidency, following independence from Spain in 1821. Contributors. Rina Cáceres Gómez, Lowell Gudmundson, Ronald Harpelle, Juliet Hooker, Catherine Komisaruk, Russell Lohse, Paul Lokken, Mauricio Meléndez Obando, Karl H. Offen, Lara Putnam, Justin Wolfe

Imperial Subjects

Imperial Subjects

Race and Identity in Colonial Latin America

  • Author: Matthew D. O'Hara,Andrew B. Fisher
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 0822392100
  • Category: History
  • Page: 318
  • View: 9509
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In colonial Latin America, social identity did not correlate neatly with fixed categories of race and ethnicity. As Imperial Subjects demonstrates, from the early years of Spanish and Portuguese rule, understandings of race and ethnicity were fluid. In this collection, historians offer nuanced interpretations of identity as they investigate how Iberian settlers, African slaves, Native Americans, and their multi-ethnic progeny understood who they were as individuals, as members of various communities, and as imperial subjects. The contributors’ explorations of the relationship between colonial ideologies of difference and the identities historical actors presented span the entire colonial period and beyond: from early contact to the legacy of colonial identities in the new republics of the nineteenth century. The volume includes essays on the major colonial centers of Mexico, Peru, and Brazil, as well as the Caribbean basin and the imperial borderlands. Whether analyzing cases in which the Inquisition found that the individuals before it were “legally” Indians and thus exempt from prosecution, or considering late-eighteenth- and early-nineteenth-century petitions for declarations of whiteness that entitled the mixed-race recipients to the legal and social benefits enjoyed by whites, the book’s contributors approach the question of identity by examining interactions between imperial subjects and colonial institutions. Colonial mandates, rulings, and legislation worked in conjunction with the exercise and negotiation of power between individual officials and an array of social actors engaged in countless brief interactions. Identities emerged out of the interplay between internalized understandings of self and group association and externalized social norms and categories. Contributors. Karen D. Caplan, R. Douglas Cope, Mariana L. R. Dantas, María Elena Díaz, Andrew B. Fisher, Jane Mangan, Jeremy Ravi Mumford, Matthew D. O’Hara, Cynthia Radding, Sergio Serulnikov, Irene Silverblatt, David Tavárez, Ann Twinam

Race, Caste, and Status

Race, Caste, and Status

Indians in Colonial Spanish America

  • Author: Robert Howard Jackson
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 151
  • View: 3922
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Traces the development of Spain's legal attitude towards Indians and people of mixed race

The Columbia Documentary History of Race and Ethnicity in America

The Columbia Documentary History of Race and Ethnicity in America

  • Author: Ronald H. Bayor
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231508409
  • Category: History
  • Page: 1104
  • View: 444
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All historians would agree that America is a nation of nations. But what does that mean in terms of the issues that have moved and shaped us as a people? Contemporary concerns such as bilingualism, incorporation/assimilation, dual identity, ethnic politics, quotas and affirmative action, residential segregation, and the volume of immigration resonate with a past that has confronted variations of these modern issues. The Columbia Documentary History of Race and Ethnicity in America, written and compiled by a highly respected team of American historians under the editorship of Ronald Bayor, illuminates the myriad ways in which immigration, racial, and ethnic histories have shaped the contours of contemporary American society. This invaluable resource documents all eras of the American past, including black–white interactions and the broad spectrum of American attitudes and reactions concerning Native Americans, Irish Catholics, Mexican Americans, Jewish Americans, and other groups. Each of the eight chronological chapters contains a survey essay, an annotated bibliography, and 20 to 30 related public and private primary source documents, including manifestos, speeches, court cases, letters, memoirs, and much more. From the 1655 petition of Jewish merchants regarding the admission of Jews to the New Netherlands colony to an interview with a Chinese American worker regarding a 1938 strike in San Francisco, documents are drawn from a variety of sources and allow students and others direct access to our past. Selections include Powhatan to John Smith, 1609 Thomas Jefferson—"Notes on the State of Virginia" Petition of the Trustees of Congregation Shearith Israel, 1811 Bessie Conway or, The Irish Girl in America German Society in Chicago, Annual Report, 1857–1858. "Mark Twain's Salutation to the Century" W. E. B. DuBois, "Of Our Spiritual Strivings" NAACP on Black Schoolteachers'Fight for Equal Pay Malcom X speech, 1964 Hewy Newton interview and Black Panther Party platform Preamble—La Raza Unida Party Lee lacocca speech to Ethnic Heritage Council of the Pacific Northwest, 1984 Native American Graves and Repatriation Act, 1990 L.A. riot—from the Los Angeles Times, May 3, 15, 1992; Nov. 16, 19, 1992 Asian American Political Alliance President Clinton's Commission on Race, Town Meeting, 1997 Louis Farrakhan—"The Vision for the Million Man March"

Changing Race

Changing Race

Latinos, the Census and the History of Ethnicity

  • Author: Clara E. Rodriguez
  • Publisher: NYU Press
  • ISBN: 0814745083
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 283
  • View: 2934
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Latinos are the fastest growing population group in the United States.Through their language and popular music Latinos are making their mark on American culture as never before. As the United States becomes Latinized, how will Latinos fit into America's divided racial landscape and how will they define their own racial and ethnic identity? Through strikingly original historical analysis, extensive personal interviews and a careful examination of census data, Clara E. Rodriguez shows that Latino identity is surprisingly fluid, situation-dependent, and constantly changing. She illustrates how the way Latinos are defining themselves, and refusing to define themselves, represents a powerful challenge to America's system of racial classification and American racism.