Search Results for "race-and-nation-in-modern-latin-america"

Race and Nation in Modern Latin America

Race and Nation in Modern Latin America

  • Author: Nancy P. Appelbaum,Anne S. Macpherson,Karin Alejandra Rosemblatt
  • Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
  • ISBN: 9780807854419
  • Category: History
  • Page: 329
  • View: 1811
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Based on cutting-edge research, these 12 essays examine connections between race and national identity in Latin America and the Caribbean in the post-independence era. They reveal how notions of race and nationhood have varied over time and across the region's political landscapes.

From Colony to Nation

From Colony to Nation

Women Activists and the Gendering of Politics in Belize, 1912-1982

  • Author: Anne S. Macpherson
  • Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
  • ISBN: 0803206267
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 407
  • View: 9312
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The first book on women's political history in Belize, From Colony to Nation demonstrates that women were creators of and activists within the two principal political currents of twentieth-century Belize: colonial-middle class reform and popular labor-nationalism.

Immigration, Ethnicity, and National Identity in Brazil, 1808 to the Present

Immigration, Ethnicity, and National Identity in Brazil, 1808 to the Present

  • Author: Jeff Lesser
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521193621
  • Category: History
  • Page: 208
  • View: 8419
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This book examines the immigration to Brazil of millions of Europeans, Asians and Middle Easterners beginning in the nineteenth century.

Problems in Modern Latin American History

Problems in Modern Latin American History

Sources and Interpretations : Completely Revised and Updated

  • Author: John Charles Chasteen,James A Wood
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 9780842050609
  • Category: History
  • Page: 323
  • View: 1237
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This is a completely revised and updated edition of SR Books' classic text, Problems in Modern Latin American History. This book has been brought up to date by Professors John Charles Chasteen and James A. Wood to reflect current scholarship and to maximize the book's utility as a teaching tool. The book is divided into 13 chapters, with each chapter dedicated to addressing a particular 'problem' in modern Latin America-issues that complement most survey texts. Each chapter includes an interpretive essay that frames a clear central issue for students to tackle, along with excerpts from historical writing that advance alternative-or even conflicting-interpretations. In addition, each chapter contains primary documents for students to analyze in relation to the interpretive issues. This primary material includes passages of Latin American fiction in translation, biographical sketches, and images. Designed as a supplemental text for survey courses on Latin American history, this book's provocative 'problems' approach will engage students, evoke lively classroom discussion, and promote critical thinking.

"The Hour of Eugenics"

Race, Gender, and Nation in Latin America

  • Author: Nancy Stepan
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 9780801497957
  • Category: History
  • Page: 210
  • View: 1650
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Eugenics was a term coined in 1883 to name the scientific and social theory which advocated "race improvement" through selective human breeding. In Europe and the United States the eugenics movement found many supporters before it was finally discredited by its association with the racist ideology of Nazi Germany. Examining for the first time how eugenics was taken up by scientists and social reformers in Latin America, Nancy Leys Stepan compares the eugenics movements in Mexico, Brazil, and Argentina with the more familiar cases of Britain, the United States, and Germany. In this highly original account, Stepan sheds new light on the role of science in reformulating issues of race, gender, reproduction, and public health in an era when the focus on national identity was particularly intense. Drawing upon a rich body of evidence concerning the technical publications and professional meetings of Latin American eugenicists, she examines how they adapted eugenic principles to local contexts between the world wars. Stepan shows that Latin American eugenicists diverged considerably from their counterparts in Europe and the United States in their ideological approach and their interpretations of key texts concerning heredity.

The Vanguard of the Atlantic World

The Vanguard of the Atlantic World

Creating Modernity, Nation, and Democracy in Nineteenth-Century Latin America

  • Author: James E. Sanders
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 082237613X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 352
  • View: 700
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In the nineteenth century, Latin America was home to the majority of the world's democratic republics. Many historians have dismissed these political experiments as corrupt pantomimes of governments of Western Europe and the United States. Challenging that perspective, James E. Sanders contends that Latin America in this period was a site of genuine political innovation and popular debate reflecting Latin Americans' visions of modernity. Drawing on archival sources in Mexico, Colombia, and Uruguay, Sanders traces the circulation of political discourse and democratic practice among urban elites, rural peasants, European immigrants, slaves, and freed blacks to show how and why ideas of liberty, democracy, and universalism gained widespread purchase across the region, mobilizing political consciousness and solidarity among diverse constituencies. In doing so, Sanders reframes the locus and meaning of political and cultural modernity.

Native and National in Brazil

Native and National in Brazil

Indigeneity after Independence

  • Author: Tracy Devine Guzmán
  • Publisher: UNC Press Books
  • ISBN: 1469602105
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 352
  • View: 4150
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How do the lives of indigenous peoples relate to the romanticized role of "Indians" in Brazilian history, politics, and cultural production? Native and National in Brazil charts this enigmatic relationship from the sixteenth century to the present, focusing on the consolidation of the dominant national imaginary in the postindependence period and highlighting Native peoples' ongoing work to decolonize it. Engaging issues ranging from sovereignty, citizenship, and national security to the revolutionary potential of art, sustainable development, and the gendering of ethnic differences, Tracy Devine Guzman argues that the tensions between popular renderings of "Indianness" and lived indigenous experience are critical to the unfolding of Brazilian nationalism, on the one hand, and the growth of the Brazilian indigenous movement, on the other. Devine Guzman suggests that the "indigenous question" now posed by Brazilian indigenous peoples themselves--how to be Native and national at the same time--can help us to rethink national belonging in accordance with the protection of human rights, the promotion of social justice, and the consolidation of democratic governance for indigenous and nonindigenous citizens alike.

Muddied Waters

Muddied Waters

Race, Region, and Local History in Colombia, 1846–1948

  • Author: Nancy P. Appelbaum
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 9780822330929
  • Category: History
  • Page: 297
  • View: 3776
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DIVClaims that Colombia’s present-day regional and local hierarchies were shaped by 19th and 20th century processes of colonization and that regionalism and race are tied into Colombia’s history of violence./div

A Companion to Latin American History

A Companion to Latin American History

  • Author: Thomas H. Holloway
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 9781444391640
  • Category: History
  • Page: 544
  • View: 6250
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The Companion to Latin American History collects the work of leading experts in the field to create a single-source overview of the diverse history and current trends in the study of Latin America. Presents a state-of-the-art overview of the history of Latin America Written by the top international experts in the field 28 chapters come together as a superlative single source of information for scholars and students Recognizes the breadth and diversity of Latin American history by providing systematic chronological and geographical coverage Covers both historical trends and new areas of interest

Silencing Race

Silencing Race

Disentangling Blackness, Colonialism, and National Identities in Puerto Rico

  • Author: I. Rodríguez-Silva
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137263229
  • Category: History
  • Page: 320
  • View: 1292
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Silencing Race provides a historical analysis of the construction of silences surrounding issues of racial inequality, violence, and discrimination in Puerto Rico. Examining the ongoing racialization of Puerto Rican workers, it explores the 'class-making' of race.

Pigmentocracies

Pigmentocracies

Ethnicity, Race, and Color in Latin America

  • Author: Edward Telles,Project on Ethnicity and Race in Latin America
  • Publisher: UNC Press Books
  • ISBN: 1469617838
  • Category: History
  • Page: 320
  • View: 6305
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Pigmentocracies: Ethnicity, Race, and Color in Latin America

Chinese Mexicans

Chinese Mexicans

Transpacific Migration and the Search for a Homeland, 1910-1960

  • Author: Julia María Schiavone Camacho
  • Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
  • ISBN: 0807882593
  • Category: History
  • Page: 248
  • View: 6198
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At the turn of the twentieth century, a wave of Chinese men made their way to the northern Mexican border state of Sonora to work and live. The ties--and families--these Mexicans and Chinese created led to the formation of a new cultural identity: Chinese Mexican. During the tumult of the Mexican Revolution of 1910, however, anti-Chinese sentiment ultimately led to mass expulsion of these people. Julia Maria Schiavone Camacho follows the community through the mid-twentieth century, across borders and oceans, to show how they fought for their place as Mexicans, both in Mexico and abroad. Tracing transnational geography, Schiavone Camacho explores how these men and women developed a strong sense of Mexican national identity while living abroad--in the United States, briefly, and then in southeast Asia where they created a hybrid community and taught their children about the Mexican homeland. Schiavone Camacho also addresses how Mexican women challenged their legal status after being stripped of Mexican citizenship because they married Chinese men. After repatriation in the 1930s-1960s, Chinese Mexican men and women, who had left Mexico with strong regional identities, now claimed national cultural belonging and Mexican identity in ways they had not before.

Radical Moves

Radical Moves

Caribbean Migrants and the Politics of Race in the Jazz Age

  • Author: Lara Putnam
  • Publisher: UNC Press Books
  • ISBN: 0807838136
  • Category: History
  • Page: 336
  • View: 2944
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In the generations after emancipation, hundreds of thousands of African-descended working-class men and women left their homes in the British Caribbean to seek opportunity abroad: in the goldfields of Venezuela and the cane fields of Cuba, the canal construction in Panama, and the bustling city streets of Brooklyn. But in the 1920s and 1930s, racist nativism and a brutal cascade of antiblack immigration laws swept the hemisphere. Facing borders and barriers as never before, Afro-Caribbean migrants rethought allegiances of race, class, and empire. In Radical Moves, Lara Putnam takes readers from tin-roof tropical dancehalls to the elegant black-owned ballrooms of Jazz Age Harlem to trace the roots of the black-internationalist and anticolonial movements that would remake the twentieth century. From Trinidad to 136th Street, these were years of great dreams and righteous demands. Praying or "jazzing," writing letters to the editor or letters home, Caribbean men and women tried on new ideas about the collective. The popular culture of black internationalism they created--from Marcus Garvey's UNIA to "regge" dances, Rastafarianism, and Joe Louis's worldwide fandom--still echoes in the present.

Sons of the Sierra

Sons of the Sierra

Juárez, Díaz, and the People of Ixtlán, Oaxaca, 1855-1920

  • Author: Patrick J. McNamara
  • Publisher: UNC Press Books
  • ISBN: 1469606720
  • Category: History
  • Page: 296
  • View: 6466
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The period following Mexico's war with the United States in 1847 was characterized by violent conflicts, as liberal and conservative factions battled for control of the national government. The civil strife was particularly bloody in south central Mexico, including the southern state of Oaxaca. In Sons of the Sierra, Patrick McNamara explores events in the Oaxaca district of Ixtlan, where Zapotec Indians supported the liberal cause and sought to exercise influence over statewide and national politics. Two Mexican presidents had direct ties to Ixtlan district: Benito Juarez, who served as Mexico's liberal president from 1858 to 1872, was born in the district, and Porfirio Diaz, president from 1876 to 1911, had led a National Guard battalion made up of Zapotec soldiers throughout the years of civil war. Paying close attention to the Zapotec people as they achieved greater influence, McNamara examines the political culture of Diaz's presidency and explores how Diaz, who became increasingly dictatorial over the course of his time in office, managed to stay in power for thirty-five years. McNamara reveals the weight of memory and storytelling as Ixtlan veterans and their families reminded government officials of their ties to both Juarez and Diaz. While Juarez remained a hero in their minds, Diaz came to represent the arrogance of Mexico City and the illegitimacy of the "Porfiriato" that ended with the 1910 revolution.

Rethinking Race in Modern Argentina

Rethinking Race in Modern Argentina

  • Author: Paulina Alberto,Eduardo Elena
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1316477843
  • Category: History
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9151
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This book reconsiders the relationship between race and nation in Argentina during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries and places Argentina firmly in dialog with the literature on race and nation in Latin America, from where it has long been excluded or marginalized for being a white, European exception in a mixed-race region. The contributors, based both in North America and Argentina, hail from the fields of history, anthropology, and literary and cultural studies. Their essays collectively destabilize widespread certainties about Argentina, showing that whiteness in that country has more in common with practices and ideologies of Mestizaje and 'racial democracy' elsewhere in the region than has typically been acknowledged. The essays also situate Argentina within the well-established literature on race, nation, and whiteness in world regions beyond Latin America (particularly, other European 'settler societies'). The collection thus contributes to rethinking race for other global contexts as well.

Negotiating Identities in Modern Latin America

Negotiating Identities in Modern Latin America

  • Author: Hendrik Kraay
  • Publisher: University of Calgary Press
  • ISBN: 155238229X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 285
  • View: 4733
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An interdisciplinary collection of essays, addressing such diverse topics as the history of Brazilian football and the concept of masculinity in the Mexican army. It provides insights into questions of identity in 19th- and 20th-century Latin America. It analyses a variety of identity-bearing groups, from small-scale communities to nations.

National Colors

National Colors

Racial Classification and the State in Latin America

  • Author: Mara Loveman
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199337373
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 3225
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The era of official color-blindness in Latin America has come to an end. For the first time in decades, nearly every state in Latin America now asks their citizens to identify their race or ethnicity on the national census. Most observers approvingly highlight the historic novelty of these reforms, but National Colors shows that official racial classification of citizens has a long history in Latin America. Through a comprehensive analysis of the politics and practice of official ethnoracial classification in the censuses of nineteen Latin American states across nearly two centuries, this book explains why most Latin American states classified their citizens by race on early national censuses, why they stopped the practice of official racial classification around mid-twentieth century, and why they reintroduced ethnoracial classification on national censuses at the dawn of the twenty-first century. Beyond domestic political struggles, the analysis reveals that the ways that Latin American states classified their populations from the mid-nineteenth century onward responded to changes in international criteria for how to construct a modern nation and promote national development. As prevailing international understandings of what made a political and cultural community a modern nation changed, so too did the ways that Latin American census officials depicted diversity within national populations. The way census officials described populations in official statistics, in turn, shaped how policymakers viewed national populations and informed their prescriptions for national development--with consequences that still reverberate in contemporary political struggles for recognition, rights, and redress for ethnoracially marginalized populations in today's Latin America.

The Work of Recognition

The Work of Recognition

Caribbean Colombia and the Postemancipation Struggle for Citizenship

  • Author: Jason McGraw
  • Publisher: UNC Press Books
  • ISBN: 1469617870
  • Category: History
  • Page: 344
  • View: 7475
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This book tells the compelling story of postemancipation Colombia, from the liberation of the slaves in the 1850s through the country's first general labor strikes in the 1910s. As Jason McGraw demonstrates, ending slavery fostered a new sense of citizenship, one shaped both by a model of universal rights and by the particular freedom struggles of African-descended people. Colombia's Caribbean coast was at the center of these transformations, in which women and men of color, the region's majority population, increasingly asserted the freedom to control their working conditions, fight in civil wars, and express their religious beliefs. The history of Afro-Colombians as principal social actors after emancipation, McGraw argues, opens up a new view on the practice and meaning of citizenship. Crucial to this conception of citizenship was the right of recognition. Indeed, attempts to deny the role of people of color in the republic occurred at key turning points exactly because they demanded public recognition as citizens. In connecting Afro-Colombians to national development, The Work of Recognition also places the story within the broader contexts of Latin American popular politics, culture, and the African diaspora.

Chinese Cubans

Chinese Cubans

A Transnational History

  • Author: Kathleen M. López
  • Publisher: UNC Press Books
  • ISBN: 146960714X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 352
  • View: 7265
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In the mid-nineteenth century, Cuba's infamous "coolie" trade brought well over 100,000 Chinese indentured laborers to its shores. Though subjected to abominable conditions, they were followed during subsequent decades by smaller numbers of merchants, craftsmen, and free migrants searching for better lives far from home. In a comprehensive, vibrant history that draws deeply on Chinese- and Spanish-language sources in both China and Cuba, Kathleen Lopez explores the transition of the Chinese from indentured to free migrants, the formation of transnational communities, and the eventual incorporation of the Chinese into the Cuban citizenry during the first half of the twentieth century. Chinese Cubans shows how Chinese migration, intermarriage, and assimilation are central to Cuban history and national identity during a key period of transition from slave to wage labor and from colony to nation. On a broader level, Lopez draws out implications for issues of race, national identity, and transnational migration, especially along the Pacific rim.

Transbordering Latin Americas

Transbordering Latin Americas

Liminal Places, Cultures, and Powers (T)Here

  • Author: Clara Irazábal
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135022380
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 314
  • View: 4605
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This book examines transborder Latin American sociocultural and spatial conditions across the globe and at different scales, from gendered and racialized individuals to national and transnational organizations. Gathering scholars from the "spatial sciences"—architecture, urban design, urban planning, and geography—as well as sociology, anthropology, history, and economics, the volume explores these transbordering practices of place making and community building across cultural and nation-state borders, examining different agents (individuals, ethnic and cultural groups, NGOs, government agencies) that are engaged in transnational/transborder living and city-making practices, reconceiving notions of state, identity, and citizenship and showing how subjected populations resist, adapt, or coproduce transnational/transborder projects and, in the process, help shape and are shaped as transborder subjects.