Search Results for "raymond-aron-and-international-relations"

Raymond Aron and International Relations

Raymond Aron and International Relations

  • Author: Olivier Schmitt
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317215966
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 204
  • View: 5816
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At a time when the field of International Relations (IR) is diverting from grand theoretical debates, rediscovering the value of classical realism and exploring its own intellectual history, this book contributes to these debates by presenting a cohesive view of Raymond Aron’s theory of IR. It explores how a careful reading of Aron can contribute to important current debates, in particular what a theory of IR can be (and thus, what is within or outside the scope of this theory), how to bridge the gap that emerged in the 1970s between a "normative" and a "scientific" theory of IR, and finally how multidisciplinarity is possible (and desirable) in the study of IR. This edited collection offers a synthetic approach to Raymond Aron’s theory of International Relations by bringing together some of the most prominent specialists on Raymond Aron, thus filling an important gap in the current market of books devoted to IR theories and the historiography of the field. The volume is divided into three parts: the first part explores Aron’s intellectual contribution to the theoretical debates in IR, thus showing his originality and prescience; the second part traces Aron’s influence and explores his relations with other prominent scholars of his time, thus contributing to the historiography of the field; and the third part analyses Aron’s contemporary relevance. This comprehensive volume contributes to current debates in the field by showing the originality and breadth of Aron’s thought. This book will be of great interest to academics and students interested in IR theories, strategic studies and the historiography of the field.

Peace and War

Peace and War

  • Author: Raymond Aron
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • ISBN: 1412815630
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 820
  • View: 5608
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Peace and War by Raymond Aron is one of the greatest books ever written on international relations. Aron's starting point is the state of nature that exists between nations, a condition that differs essentially from the civil state that holds within political communities. Ever keeping this brute fact about the life of nations in mind and ranging widely over political history and many disciplines, Aron develops the essential analytical tools to enable us to think clearly about the stakes and possibilities of international relations. In his first section, "Theory," Aron shows that, while international relations can be mapped, and probabilities discerned, no closed, global "science" of international relations is anything more than a mirage. In the second part, "Sociology," Aron studies the many ways various subpolitical forces influence foreign policy. He emphasizes that no rigorous determinism is at work: politics--and thus the need for prudent statesmanship--are inescapable in international relations. In part three, "History," Aron offers a magisterial survey of the twentieth century. He looks at key developments that have had an impact on foreign policy and the emergence of what he calls "universal history," which brings far-flung peoples into regular contact for the first time. In a final section, "Praxeology," Aron articulates a normative theory of international relations that rejects both the bleak vision of the Machiavellians, who hold that any means are legitimate, and the naivete of the idealists, who think foreign policy can be overcome. This new edition of Peace and War includes an informative introduction by Daniel J. Mahoney and Brian C. Anderson, situating Aron's thought in a new post-Cold War context, and evaluating his contribution to the study of politics and international relations.

Peace and War

Peace and War

A Theory of International Relations

  • Author: Paul Thompson
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351500414
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 820
  • View: 2947
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Peace and War by Raymond Aron is one of the greatest books ever written on international relations. Aron's starting point is the state of nature that exists between nations, a condition that differs essentially from the civil state that holds within political communities. Ever keeping this brute fact about the life of nations in mind and ranging widely over political history and many disciplines, Aron develops the essential analytical tools to enable us to think clearly about the stakes and possibilities of international relations. In his first section, "Theory," Aron shows that, while international relations can be mapped, and probabilities discerned, no closed, global "science" of international relations is anything more than a mirage. In the second part, "Sociology," Aron studies the many ways various subpolitical forces influence foreign policy. He emphasizes that no rigorous determinism is at work: politics—and thus the need for prudent statesmanship—are inescapable in international relations. In part three, "History," Aron offers a magisterial survey of the twentieth century. He looks at key developments that have had an impact on foreign policy and the emergence of what he calls "universal history," which brings far-flung peoples into regular contact for the first time. In a final section, "Praxeology," Aron articulates a normative theory of international relations that rejects both the bleak vision of the Machiavellians, who hold that any means are legitimate, and the naivete of the idealists, who think foreign policy can be overcome. This new edition of Peace and War includes an informative introduction by Daniel J. Mahoney and Brian C. Anderson, situating Aron's thought in a new post-Cold War context, and evaluating his contribution to the study of politics and international relations.

The Liberal Political Science of Raymond Aron

The Liberal Political Science of Raymond Aron

A Critical Introduction

  • Author: Daniel J. Mahoney
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 9780847677160
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 187
  • View: 1639
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This is a critical introduction to Raymond Aron's conception of political science, based on a careful study of one of his central statements, The Dawn of Universal History, with collateral reference to most of his other major works, and with a clear account of his unfolding thought. Mahoney discusses Aron's relationship to such political and social thinkers as Aristotle, Tocqueville, Marx, Strauss and Von Hayek. He shows how Aron represented in a lively and vigorous way a tradition of political prudence increasingly under theoretical and practical assault. Mahoney argues that Aron's notion of political science is superior to today's reigning social science in scope, rigour and availability to practical political leaders and citizens.

A Politics of Understanding

A Politics of Understanding

The International Thought of Raymond Aron

  • Author: Reed M. Davis
  • Publisher: LSU Press
  • ISBN: 9780807136591
  • Category: History
  • Page: 224
  • View: 4416
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Frequently hailed as one of the greatest defenders of democratic liberalism in postwar Europe, French philosopher, sociologist, and political commentator Raymond Aron (1905--1983) left behind a staggering amount of published work on a remarkably wide range of topics both scholarly and popular. In A Politics of Understanding, Reed M. Davis assesses the originality and consistency of Aron's body of work, drawing a connection between Aron's philosophy of history and three of his abiding interests: the nature of industrial society, international relations theory, and strategic theory. Davis begins with a brief biography of Aron, known for his skepticism toward political ideologies in the post--World War II era and as an intellectual opponent of Jean-Paul Sartre. After spending three years in Germany in the early 1930s, Aron, a Jew, returned to France in 1933. When war broke out, he fought for a year in the French army and, after the fall of France, escaped to London, where he edited the newspaper of the Free French, La France Libre. He returned to Paris after the war and remained there for the rest of his life, working as a professor and journalist. He wrote an influential political column for Le Figaro for thirty years and authored many books, including The Opium of the Intellectuals (1935), The Algerian Tragedy (1957), and Peace and War (1962). From World War II onward, Davis shows, Aron sought to construct a science of human action that had as its goal charting the way of human progress in light of two fundamental realities, industrialization and the existence of nuclear weapons. Throughout his long career, he continually asked himself whether human life was becoming better as it became more technologically rationalized and more scientifically advanced. In his close analysis of Aron's thought, Davis carefully describes how Aron fused Max Weber's neo-Kantianism with Edmund Husserl's phenomenology to create an original theory of historical knowledge. The central theoretical impulse in all of Aron's works, Davis explains, is that of reconciling freedom and necessity. The ways in which Aron attempted to reconcile these two polarities in his earliest writings had a direct bearing on the manner in which he sought to reconcile realism and idealism in his international thought. By attempting to bring reason and necessity into the same loose orbit, Aron tried to construct a theoretical approach to international relations and statecraft that could hold the middle ground between realism and idealism. Many scholars have simply abandoned efforts to understand the more philosophical dimensions of Aron's thinking because of its technical difficulty. With A Politics of Understanding, Davis provides a concise and clearly written explanation of the basic concepts at work in Aron's philosophy and ties them directly to his later thinking, especially concerning international relations.

Janus and Minerva

Janus and Minerva

essays in the theory and practice of international politics

  • Author: Stanley Hoffmann
  • Publisher: Westview Pr
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 457
  • View: 8986
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Zeit des Argwohns

Zeit des Argwohns

de Gaulle, Israel und die Juden

  • Author: Raymond Aron
  • Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
  • ISBN: 3105612947
  • Category: Reference
  • Page: 190
  • View: 1842
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»Ein Elitevolk, selbstsicher und herrschsüchtig«, so nannte Frankreichs Staatschef de Gaulle die Juden Israels, nachdem sie sich in einem erfolgreichen Krieg um ihr persönliches und staatliches Dasein den Sieg und zumindest Respekt unter den Völkern verschafft hatten. Raymond Aron ist überzeugt, daß de Gaulle mit dieser Aussage einen neuen Antisemitismus förmlich autorisiert und ›hoffähig‹ gemacht hat. (Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine frühere Ausgabe.)

Classics of International Relations

Classics of International Relations

Essays in Criticism and Appreciation

  • Author: Henrik Bliddal,Casper Sylvest,Peter Wilson
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135018669
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 276
  • View: 3039
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Classics of International Relations introduces, contextualises and assesses 24 of the most important works on international relations of the last 100 years. Providing an indispensable guide for all students of IR theory, from advanced undergraduates to academic specialists, it asks why are these works considered classics? Is their status deserved? Will it endure? It takes as its starting point Norman Angell’s best-selling The Great Illusion (1909) and concludes with Daniel Deudney’s award winning Bounding Power (2006). The volume does not ignore established classics such as Morgenthau’s Politics Among Nations and Waltz’s Theory of International Politics, but seeks to expand the ‘IR canon’ beyond its core realist and liberal texts. It thus considers emerging classics such as Linklater’s critical sociology of moral boundaries, Men and Citizens in the Theory of International Relations, and Enloe’s pioneering gender analysis, Bananas, Beaches and Bases. It also innovatively considers certain ‘alternative format’ classics such as Kubrick’s satire on the nuclear arms race, Dr Strangelove, and Errol Morris’s powerful documentary on war and US foreign policy, The Fog of War. With an international cast of contributors, many of them leading authorities on their subject, Classics of International Relations will become a standard reference for all those wishing to make sense of a rapidly developing and diversifying field. Classics of International Relations is designed to become a standard reference text for advanced undergraduates, post-graduates and lecturers in the field of IR.

Politics and history

Politics and history

  • Author: Raymond Aron,Miriam Bernheim Conant
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • ISBN: 9781412845151
  • Category:
  • Page: 274
  • View: 1618
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Raymond Aron, French scholar, journalist, philosopher, sociologist, and historian, is internationally recognized as one of the great thinkers in the modern social sciences, bringing to contemporary history the insights of both philosophy and social science. This edition focuses on Aron's lifelong attempt to bridge the gap between knowledge and action and to understand the dialectical relationship between history and politics. It is an indispensable introduction to one of the most important thinkers of our century. This volume also contains an introduction by Aron, which presents an autobiographical account of his confrontation with many of the most important ideas of this century. Miriam Bernheim Conant provides perceptive commentary as well as a chronology of Aron's career and works.

Political Reason in the Age of Ideology

Political Reason in the Age of Ideology

Essays in Honor of Raymond Aron

  • Author: Bryan-Paul Frost,Daniel J. Mahoney
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • ISBN: 9781412809597
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 330
  • View: 8420
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A little over one hundred years after his birth, and not quite twenty-five years since his death, interest in the French political philosopher and sociologist Raymond Aron (1905-1983) continues to grow. Aron is now widely recognized as one of the most significant intellectual figures of the postwar period, whose wide-ranging reflections played a key part in preserving liberal democracy in Europe and abroad. His sober analyses of modern society, his trenchant critique of ideological politics and every form of totalitarianism, and his philosophical reflections on politics and history have given powerful support to democratic liberalism throughout the western world. Aron’s work combines passion and observation, disinterested reflection and love of liberty in a way that is an imitable model for humane and balanced political reflection. In this stimulating collection of essays, inspired by the centennial of Aron’s birth, a distinguished group of North American and European scholars—including Pierre Manent, Stanley Hoffmann, Irving Louis Horowitz, Liah Greenfeld, Claude Lefort, and Aurelian Craiutu—examine four key aspects of Aron’s thought and work: his educative legacy; his reflections on other philosophers and intellectuals; his distinctive approach to international relations; and the unique character of his own political reflection. The result is a masterful engagement with Aron’s intellectual legacy and a thoughtful coming to terms with the political and intellectual substance of the twentieth century.

Historia de las relaciones internacionales

Historia de las relaciones internacionales

  • Author: Pierre Renouvin
  • Publisher: Ediciones AKAL
  • ISBN: 9788476005972
  • Category: History
  • Page: 1324
  • View: 5804
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Del despertar de la Europa de las nacionalidades a la situación mundial en 1945, la obra de Renouvin constituye el más amplio y ambicioso despliegue en el logrado intento de escribir una historia política y diplomática de las relaciones -y tensiones- internacionales en los dos últimos siglos.

Raymond Aron - Volume 2

Raymond Aron - Volume 2

The Sociologist in Society 1955-1983

  • Author: Robert Colquhoun
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 714
  • View: 3107
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Volume Two of Robert Colquhoun's biography of Raymond Aron takes us through his years as Professor of Sociology at the Sorbonne -- including his opposition to the Algerian War and the events of May 1968 -- in which he developed his theories of industrial society, war and international relations. The biography closes with the decade he spent as professor at the [email protected][GR]ege de France -- the period in which Aron wrote his classic book on Clausewitz and his magisterial Memoirs.

Memoirs

Memoirs

Fifty Years of Political Reflection

  • Author: Raymond Aron
  • Publisher: Holmes & Meier Publishers
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 509
  • View: 6919
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Aron reflects with simplicity and depth on industrial society, communism, the future of democracy, peace and war, the nuclear age, and also Charles de Gaulle, Jean-Paul Sartre, Andre Malraux, Henry Kissinger and others.

Theorien der europäischen Integration

Theorien der europäischen Integration

  • Author: Hans-Jürgen Bieling,Marika Lerch
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3663116425
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 464
  • View: 7178
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Ziel des Bandes ist es, eine umfassende Einführung und Überblicksdarstellung der theoretischen Ansätze in der europäischen Integrationsforschung zu bieten, mit der Studierende an die Thematik herangeführt werden können. Die unübersichtliche Theorielandschaft wird - didaktischen Prinzipien folgend - so präsentiert, dass die wichtigsten Theoriestränge erkennbar und die Leser und Leserinnen befähigt werden, sich kritisch mit den verschiedenen Perspektiven sowohl in der wissenschaftlichen Arbeit als auch in der politischen Debatte auseinander zu setzen.

Theory and Structure in International Political Economy

Theory and Structure in International Political Economy

An International Organization Reader

  • Author: Charles Lipson,Benjamin J. Cohen
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 9780262621274
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 426
  • View: 478
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The first of two anthologies on international political economy drawn from articles published in the journal International Organization.