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Thinking about Logic

Thinking about Logic

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Logic

  • Author: Stephen Read
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN: 9780192892386
  • Category: History
  • Page: 262
  • View: 6552
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In this book, Stephen Read sets out to rescue logic from its undeserved reputation as an inflexible, dogmatic discipline by demonstrating that its technicalities and processes are founded on assumptions which are themselves amenable to philosophical investigation. He examines the fundamental principles of consequence, logical truth and correct inference within the context of logic, and shows that the principles by which we delineate consequences are themselves not guaranteed free from error. Central to the notion of truth is the beguiling issue of paradox. Its philosophical value, Read shows, lies in exposing the invalid assumption on which the paradox is built. Thinking About Logic also discusses logical puzzles which introduce questions relating to language, the world, and their relationship.

On the Philosophy of Logic

On the Philosophy of Logic

  • Author: Jennifer Fisher
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • ISBN: 0495008885
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 240
  • View: 8832
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Jennifer Fisher’s ON THE PHILOSOPHY OF LOGIC explores questions about logic often overlooked by philosophers. Which of the many different logics available to us is right? How would we know? What makes a logic right in the first place? Is logic really a good guide to human reasoning? An ideal companion text for any course in symbolic logic, this lively and accessible book explains important logical concepts, introduces classical logic and its problems and alternatives, and reveals the rich and interesting philosophical issues that arise in exploring the fundamentals of logic. THE WADSWORTH PHILOSOPHICAL TOPICS SERIES (under the general editorship of Robert Talisse, Vanderbilt University) presents readers with concise, timely, and insightful introductions to a variety of traditional and contemporary philosophical subjects. With this series, students of philosophy will be able to discover the richness of philosophical inquiry across a wide array of concepts, including hallmark philosophical themes and themes typically underrepresented in mainstream philosophy publishing. Written by a distinguished list of scholars who have garnered particular recognition for their excellence in teaching, this series presents the vast sweep of today’s philosophical exploration in highly accessible and affordable volumes. These books will prove valuable to philosophy teachers and their students as well as to other readers who share a general interest in philosophy. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Thinking about Logic

Thinking about Logic

Classic Essays

  • Author: Steven M. Cahn
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0429964234
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 224
  • View: 5499
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Thinking about Logic is an accessible and thought-provoking collection of classic articles in the philosophy of logic. An ideal companion to any formal logic course or textbook, this volume illuminates how logic relates to perennial philosophical issues about knowledge, meaning, rationality, and reality. The editors have selected each essay for its brevity, clarity, and impact and have included insightful introductions and discussion questions. The puzzles raised will help readers acquire a more thorough understanding of fundamental logic concepts and a firmer command of the connections between formal logic and other areas of philosophical study: epistemology, philosophy of language, philosophy of science, and metaphysics.

Philosophy of Logics

Philosophy of Logics

  • Author: Susan Haack
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521293297
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 276
  • View: 975
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Haack's book has established an international reputation for its clarity, thorough scholarship and careful analyses.

Philosophy of Logic

Philosophy of Logic

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 9780080466637
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 1218
  • View: 4340
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The papers presented in this volume examine topics of central interest in contemporary philosophy of logic. They include reflections on the nature of logic and its relevance for philosophy today, and explore in depth developments in informal logic and the relation of informal to symbolic logic, mathematical metatheory and the limiting metatheorems, modal logic, many-valued logic, relevance and paraconsistent logic, free logics, extensional v. intensional logics, the logic of fiction, epistemic logic, formal logical and semantic paradoxes, the concept of truth, the formal theory of entailment, objectual and substitutional interpretation of the quantifiers, infinity and domain constraints, the Löwenheim-Skolem theorem and Skolem paradox, vagueness, modal realism v. actualism, counterfactuals and the logic of causation, applications of logic and mathematics to the physical sciences, logically possible worlds and counterpart semantics, and the legacy of Hilbert’s program and logicism. The handbook is meant to be both a compendium of new work in symbolic logic and an authoritative resource for students and researchers, a book to be consulted for specific information about recent developments in logic and to be read with pleasure for its technical acumen and philosophical insights. - Written by leading logicians and philosophers - Comprehensive authoritative coverage of all major areas of contemporary research in symbolic logic - Clear, in-depth expositions of technical detail - Progressive organization from general considerations to informal to symbolic logic to nonclassical logics - Presents current work in symbolic logic within a unified framework - Accessible to students, engaging for experts and professionals - Insightful philosophical discussions of all aspects of logic - Useful bibliographies in every chapter

Logic and Its Limits

Logic and Its Limits

  • Author: Patrick Shaw
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN: 9780192892805
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 260
  • View: 5217
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A common-sense introduction to the everyday use of logic, this book explains some of the rules of good argument and some of the ways in which arguments can fail, drawing illustrations from a variety of contemporary and international sources. A wide range of thought-provoking examples and exercises make this a readable and stimulating guide for the student and general reader alike. Diagrams.

Logic: The Basics

Logic: The Basics

  • Author: Jc Beall,Shay A. Logan
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317528603
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 312
  • View: 1098
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Logic: The Basics is an accessible introduction to several core areas of logic. The first part of the book features a self-contained introduction to the standard topics in classical logic, such as: · mathematical preliminaries · propositional logic · quantified logic (first monadic, then polyadic) · English and standard ‘symbolic translations’ · tableau procedures. Alongside comprehensive coverage of the standard topics, this thoroughly revised second edition also introduces several philosophically important nonclassical logics, free logics, and modal logics, and gives the reader an idea of how they can take their knowledge further. With its wealth of exercises (solutions available in the encyclopedic online supplement), Logic: The Basics is a useful textbook for courses ranging from the introductory level to the early graduate level, and also as a reference for students and researchers in philosophical logic.

Philosophy of Logic (Routledge Revivals)

Philosophy of Logic (Routledge Revivals)

  • Author: Hilary Putnam
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317832574
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 86
  • View: 8195
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First published in 1971, Professor Putnam's essay concerns itself with the ontological problem in the philosophy of logic and mathematics - that is, the issue of whether the abstract entities spoken of in logic and mathematics really exist. He also deals with the question of whether or not reference to these abstract entities is really indispensible in logic and whether it is necessary in physical science in general.

Philosophy 101 by Socrates

Philosophy 101 by Socrates

An Introduction to Philosophy Via Plato's Apology ; Forty Things Philosophy is According to History's First and Wisest Philosopher

  • Author: Peter Kreeft
  • Publisher: Ignatius Press
  • ISBN: 9780898709254
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 160
  • View: 1673
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The popular author and Boston College philosophy professor, Kreeft, presents this introduction to philosophy to help beginners not only to understand philosophy but to fall in love with it. In his forty years of teaching philosophy, Kreeft says the most effective way to accomplish this purpose is to read Socrates. Philosophy means "the love of wisdom." Kreeft uses the dialogues of Socrates in this book to help the reader grow in that love of wisdom. He says that no master of the art of philosophizing has ever been more simple, clear, and accessible to beginners as Socrates. He focuses on Plato's dialogues, the Apology of Socrates, as a model partner for the reader to dialogue with. Kreeft calls it "the Magna Carta of philosophy," a timeless classic that is "a portable classroom."

Basic Questions of Philosophy

Basic Questions of Philosophy

Selected "Problems" of "Logic"

  • Author: Martin Heidegger
  • Publisher: Indiana University Press
  • ISBN: 9780253004383
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 192
  • View: 1598
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"... well suited to the task of beckoning the novice onto the path of Heidegger's most arduous thought.... a useful introduction to the thought of one of our most original thinkers." -- International Studies in Philosophy "... a helpful elucidation of the truth as [Heidegger] sees it.... This excellent translation will be of great value to students of Heidegger's thought." -- Library Journal In this lecture course presented in 1937-38, Heidegger's task is to reassert the question of the essence of truth, not as a problem of logic, but precisely as the basic question of philosophy. These lectures were given at the time that Heidegger was composing his second magnum opus, Beiträge zur Philosophie, and provide the single best introduction to that complex and crucial text.

Doubt Truth to be a Liar

Doubt Truth to be a Liar

  • Author: Graham Priest
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199263280
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 226
  • View: 3609
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"The book is required reading for anyone who wishes to understand dialetheism; (especially) for anyone who wishes to continue to endorse the old Aristotelian orthodoxy; and, more generally, for anyone who wishes to understand the role that contradiction plays in our thinking."--BOOK JACKET.

Deviant Logic, Fuzzy Logic

Deviant Logic, Fuzzy Logic

Beyond the Formalism

  • Author: Susan Haack
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 9780226311340
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 291
  • View: 8027
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Initially proposed as rivals of classical logic, alternative logics have become increasingly important in areas such as computer science and artificial intelligence. Fuzzy logic, in particular, has motivated major technological developments in recent years. Susan Haack's Deviant Logic provided the first extended examination of the philosophical consequences of alternative logics. In this new volume, Haack includes the complete text of Deviant Logic, as well as five additional papers that expand and update it. Two of these essays critique fuzzy logic, while three augment Deviant Logic's treatment of deduction and logical truth. Haack also provides an extensive new foreword, brief introductions to the new essays, and an updated bibliography of recent work in these areas. Deviant Logic, Fuzzy Logic will be indispensable to students of philosophy, philosophy of science, linguistics, mathematics, and computer science, and will also prove invaluable to experienced scholars working in these fields.

The Logic of Scientific Discovery

The Logic of Scientific Discovery

  • Author: Karl Popper
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134470029
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 480
  • View: 6051
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Described by the philosopher A.J. Ayer as a work of 'great originality and power', this book revolutionized contemporary thinking on science and knowledge. Ideas such as the now legendary doctrine of 'falsificationism' electrified the scientific community, influencing even working scientists, as well as post-war philosophy. This astonishing work ranks alongside The Open Society and Its Enemies as one of Popper's most enduring books and contains insights and arguments that demand to be read to this day.

An Introduction to Wittgenstein's Tractatus

An Introduction to Wittgenstein's Tractatus

  • Author: Gertrude E. M. Anscombe
  • Publisher: Burns & Oates
  • ISBN: 9781890318543
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 179
  • View: 8132
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Anscombe guides us through the Tractatus and, thereby, Wittgenstein's early philosophy as a whole. She shows in particular how his arguments developed out of the discussions of Russell and Frege. This reprint is of the fourth, corrected edition.

Contributions to Philosophy (of the Event)

Contributions to Philosophy (of the Event)

  • Author: Martin Heidegger,Richard Rojcewicz,Daniela Vallega-Neu
  • Publisher: Indiana University Press
  • ISBN: 0253001137
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 433
  • View: 9032
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Martin Heidegger'sContributions to Philosophyreflects his famous philosophical "turning." In this work, Heidegger returns to the question of being from its inception in Being and Time to a new questioning of being as event. Heidegger opens up the essential dimensions of his thinking on the historicality of being that underlies all of his later writings.Contributionswas composed as a series of private ponderings that were not originally intended for publication. They are nonlinear and radically at odds with the traditional understanding of thinking. This new translation presents Heidegger in plain and straightforward terms, allowing surer access to this new turn in Heidegger's conception of being.

Science and Sanity

Science and Sanity

An Introduction to Non-Aristotelian Systems and General Semantics

  • Author: Alfred Korzybski
  • Publisher: Institute of GS
  • ISBN: 9780937298015
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 806
  • View: 3010
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Mathematics of the Transcendental

Mathematics of the Transcendental

  • Author: Alain Badiou
  • Publisher: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 1441150439
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 224
  • View: 7795
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In Mathematics of the Transcendental, Alain Badiou painstakingly works through the pertinent aspects of Category Theory, demonstrating their internal logic and veracity, their derivation and distinction from Set Theory, and the 'thinking of being'. In doing so he sets out the basic onto-logical requirements of his greater and transcendental logics as articulated in his magnum opus, Logics of Worlds. This important book combines both his elaboration of the disjunctive synthesis between ontology and onto-logy (the discourses of being as such and being-appearing) from the perspective of Category Theory and the categorial basis of his philosophical conception of 'being there'. Hitherto unpublished in either French or English, Mathematics of the Transcendental provides Badiou's readers with a much-needed complete elaboration of his understanding and use of Category Theory. The book is an essential aid to understanding the mathematical and logical basis of his theory of appearing as elaborated in Logics of Worlds and other works and is essential reading for his many followers.

A Passion for Justice

A Passion for Justice

Emotions and the Origins of the Social Contract

  • Author: Robert C. Solomon
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 9780847680870
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 328
  • View: 5214
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This text argues that justice is a virtue which everyone shares - a function of personal character and not just of government or economic planning. It uses examples from Plato to Ivan Boesky, to document how we live and how we feel.

Principia Mathematica

Principia Mathematica

  • Author: Alfred North Whitehead,Bertrand Russell
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 680
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