Search Results for "reflexivity-and-international-relations"

Reflexivity and International Relations

Reflexivity and International Relations

Positionality, Critique, and Practice

  • Author: Jack L Amoureux,Brent J. Steele
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317656016
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 286
  • View: 8753
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Reflexivity has become a common term in IR scholarship with a variety of uses and meanings. Yet for such an important concept and referent, understandings of reflexivity have been more assumed rather than developed by those who use it, from realists and constructivists to feminists and post-structuralists. This volume seeks to provide the first overview of reflexivity in international relations theory, offering students and scholars a text that : provides a comprehensive and systematic overview of the current reflexivity literature develops important insights into how reflexivity can play a broader role in IR theory pushes reflexivity in new, productive directions, and offers more nuanced and concrete specifications of reflexivity moves reflexivity beyond the scholar and the scholarly field to political practice Formulates practices of reflexivity. Drawing together the work of many of the key scholars in the field into one volume, this work will be essential reading for all students of international relations theory.

The Restructuring of International Relations Theory

The Restructuring of International Relations Theory

  • Author: Mark A. Neufeld
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521479363
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 174
  • View: 7839
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In this book Mark Neufeld argues for a theory of international politics committed to human emancipation. He suggests that international relations theory must move in a nonpositivist direction, and explores recent developments in the discipline, including critical, Gramscian, postmodernist, feminist and normative approaches. Drawing on recent work in social and political theory, as well as international relations, this book offers an accessible review of recent developments in the study of international politics.

The Post-Cold War International System

The Post-Cold War International System

Strategies, Institutions and Reflexivity

  • Author: Ewan Harrison
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134334710
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 200
  • View: 8914
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The end of the Cold War has opened up a 'real world laboratory' in which to test and refine general theories of international relations. Using the frameworks provided by structural realism, institutionalism and liberalism, The Post-Cold War International System examines how major powers responded to the collapse of the Soviet Union and developed their foreign policies over the period of post-Cold War transition. The book argues that the democratic peace has begun to generate powerful socialisation effects, due to the emergence of a critical mass of liberal democratic states since the end of the Cold War. The trend this has produced is similar to a pattern that classical realists have interpreted as 'bandwagoning' within a unipolar power structure. Case studies of Germany, China and Japan - identified as key states with the potential to challenge US dominance - provide evidence to support the assessment of international change. The author concludes by exploring the implications of September 11th for the analysis developed. This important volume argues that the end of the Cold War was a major historical turning point in the development of world politics with fundamental implications for the basic way in which the dynamics of the international system are conceptualised.

The Conduct of Inquiry in International Relations

The Conduct of Inquiry in International Relations

Philosophy of Science and Its Implications for the Study of World Politics

  • Author: Patrick Thaddeus Jackson
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136912029
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 288
  • View: 5936
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This volume ws the winner of The International Studies Association Theory Section Book Award 2013, presented by the International Studies Association and The Yale H. Ferguson Award 2012, presented by International Studies Association-Northeast. There are many different scientifically valid ways to produce knowledge. The field of International Relations should pay closer attention to these methodological differences, and to their implications for concrete research on world politics. The Conduct of Inquiry in International Relations provides an introduction to the philosophy of science issues and their implications for the study of global politics. The author draws attention to the problems caused by the misleading notion of a single unified scientific method, and proposes a framework that clarifies the variety of ways that IR scholars establish the authority and validity of their empirical claims. Jackson connects philosophical considerations with concrete issues of research design within neopositivist, critical realist, analyticist, and reflexive approaches to the study of world politics. Envisioning a pluralist science for a global IR field, this volume organizes the significant differences between methodological stances so as to promote internal consistency, public discussion, and worldly insight as the hallmarks of any scientific study of world politics. This important volume will be essential reading for all students and scholars of International Relations, Political Science and Philosophy of Science.

Beyond Positivism

Beyond Positivism

Critical Reflections on International Relations

  • Author: Claire Turenne Sjolander,Wayne S. Cox
  • Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers
  • ISBN: 9781555874834
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 203
  • View: 6641
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This work adopts the premise that the metatheoretical debates about positivists and post-positivists have reached an impasse; it suggests that an approach driven by theoretical reflexivity offers a basis on which alternative understandings of international relations can be developed.

A Practice of Ethics for Global Politics

A Practice of Ethics for Global Politics

Ethical Reflexivity

  • Author: Jack L. Amoureux
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317753380
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 268
  • View: 9838
DOWNLOAD NOW »
What kind of ethics in world politics is possible if there is no foundation for moral knowledge or global reality is at least complex and contingent? Furthermore, how can an ethics grapple with difference, a persistent and confounding feature for global politics? This book responds to the call for a bold and creative approach to ethics that avoids assuming or aspiring to universality, and instead prioritizes difference, complexity and uncertainty by turning to reflexivity, not as method or methodology, but as a practice of ethics for politics. This practice, ‘ethical reflexivity’, offers individuals, organizations and communities tools to recognize, interrogate and potentially change the stories they tell about politics—about constraints, notions of responsibility and visions of desirability. The benefits and limits of ethical reflexivity are investigated by the author, who engages writing on critique, rhetoric, affect and relationality, and carefully considers dominant and alternative framings of difficult issues in International Relations (IR)—the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, and the US policies of ‘enhanced interrogation’ and drone strikes. This path-breaking study provokes new possibilities for agency and action and contributes to a growing literature in IR on reflexivity by uniquely elaborating its promise as an ethics for politics, and by drawing on thinkers less utilized in discussions of reflexivity such as Hannah Arendt, Michel Foucault and Aristotle. This book will appeal to scholars and upper-level graduates in several sub-fields of IR, including international/global ethics, IR theory, global governance, international organizations, non-governmental organizations, foreign policy analysis and US foreign policy.

Encyclopedia of International Relations and Global Politics

Encyclopedia of International Relations and Global Politics

  • Author: Martin Griffiths
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135190801
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 936
  • View: 1689
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The study of international relations has changed rapidly in recent years. Firstly as a consequence of major political and economic change – the end of the cold war and the fall of communism, the resurgence of nationalism, terrorism and forms of fundamentalism, globalization – and secondly, linked with these developments, because of the vitality of the discipline, with ongoing debates on the fundamental paradigms for the understanding of international relations and the emergence of the perspectives of feminism, postmodernism, constructivism and critical theory. The Routledge Encyclopedia of International Relations and Global Politics provides a unique reference source for students and academics covering all aspects of global international relations and the contemporary discipline across IR's major subject divisions of diplomacy, military affairs, international political economy, and theory. Written by a distinguished group of international scholars, the Encyclopedia is largely comprised of substantial entries of more than 1,000 words, with fifty major entries of 5,000 words on core contemporary topics. Each entry is fully cross-referenced and followed by a listing of complementary entries and a short bibliography for further reading. The whole is comprehensively indexed. There is no other resource of its kind and the Encyclopedia of International Relations and Global Politics will be an extremely valuable addition to all libraries supporting teaching and research in the social sciences.

Constructivism and International Relations

Constructivism and International Relations

Alexander Wendt and His Critics

  • Author: Stefano Guzzini,Anna Leander
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134319592
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 6420
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This new book unites in one volume some of the most prominent critiques of Alexander Wendt's constructivist theory of international relations and includes the first comprehensive reply by Wendt. Partly reprints of benchmark articles, partly new original critiques, the critical chapters are informed by a wide array of contending theories ranging from realism to poststructuralism. The collected leading theorists critique Wendt’s seminal book Social Theory of International Politics and his subsequent revisions. They take issue with the full panoply of Wendt’s approach, such as his alleged positivism, his critique of the realist school, the conceptualism of identity, and his teleological theory of history. Wendt’s reply is not limited to rebuttal only. For the first time, he develops his recent idea of quantum social science, as well as its implications for theorising international relations. This unique volume will be a necessary companion to Wendt’s book for students and researchers seeking a better understanding of his work, and also offers one of the most up-to-date collections on constructivist theorizing.

The Politics and Ethics of Identity

The Politics and Ethics of Identity

In Search of Ourselves

  • Author: Richard Ned Lebow
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107027659
  • Category: History
  • Page: 431
  • View: 504
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Challenges the notion of consistent unitary identities, arguing that we are multiple, changing selves, shaped by social contexts and processes.

Ontological Security in International Relations

Ontological Security in International Relations

Self-Identity and the IR State

  • Author: Brent J. Steele
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135980098
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 14
  • View: 9444
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The central assertion of this book is that states pursue social actions to serve self-identity needs, even when these actions compromise their physical existence. Three forms of social action, sometimes referred to as ‘motives’ of state behaviour (moral, humanitarian, and honour-driven) are analyzed here through an ontological security approach. Brent J. Steele develops an account of social action which interprets these behaviours as fulfilling a nation-state's drive to secure self-identity through time. The anxiety which consumes all social agents motivates them to secure their sense of being, and thus he posits that transformational possibilities exist in the ‘Self’ of a nation-state. The volume consequently both challenges and complements realist, liberal, constructivist and post-structural accounts to international politics. Using ontological security to interpret three cases - British neutrality during the American Civil War (1861-1865), Belgium’s decision to fight Germany in 1914, and NATO’s (1999) Kosovo intervention - the book concludes by discussing the importance for self-interrogation in both the study and practice of international relations. Ontological Security in International Relations will be of particular interest to students and researchers of international politics, international ethics, international relations and security studies.

Research and reflexivity

Research and reflexivity

  • Author: Frederick Steier
  • Publisher: Sage Pubns
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 257
  • View: 3712
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Is reflexivity viable as a legitimate component of constructionist methodologies? If so, how can methodologies be developed to do research and conduct inquiry from a social constructionist standpoint? Interdisciplinary and international, Research and Reflexivity focuses on the nature of knowledge and reflexive knowing. Divided into three sections, the first part is concerned with the theoretical issues in reflexivity and constructionism; the next with reflexivity in the practice of developing constructionist research methodologies; and the last moves from research experiences to emergent theoretical issues tied to reflexivity. This intriguing volume addresses the implications of seeing the research process itself as socially constructing a world or worlds, with the researchers included in--rather than outside--the body of their own research. Researchers "coproduce" the worlds of their research rather than simply "find" these worlds. Furthermore, what that recognition means for the development of social constructionist methodologies is also explored. Upper-division students, scholars, and researchers across a wide range of disciplines--from communication studies to education, from organization studies and family therapy to social psychology--will find Research and Reflexivity essential reading. "The chapters are, without exception, intellectually engaging and draw upon literature and arguments that may not be familiar, but are certainly relevant, to communication researchers. . . . Some chapters . . . provide an excellent overview for those not well acquainted with constructionist research and self-reflexivity. Von Glaserfeld traces the development of the constructionist movement, andprovides a spirited defense against the more common, if naive, criticisms of this approach. The chapter by Krippendorff provides the most well-developed attempt at fulfilling Steier's aim for this book. . . . The essays in this book provide strong evidence of the 'Fact tha

International Aid and the Making of a Better World

International Aid and the Making of a Better World

Reflexive Practice

  • Author: Rosalind Eyben
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135132755
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 208
  • View: 8599
DOWNLOAD NOW »
How can international aid professionals manage to deal with the daily dilemmas of working for the wellbeing of people in countries other than their own? A scholar-activist and lifelong development practitioner seeks to answer that question in a book that provides a vivid and accessible insight into the world of aid – its people, ideas and values against the backdrop of a broader historical analysis of the contested ideals and politics of aid operations from the 1960s to the present day. Moving between aid-recipient countries, head office and global policy spaces, Rosalind Eyben critically examines her own behaviour to explore what happens when trying to improve people’s lives in far-away countries and warns how self-deception may construct obstacles to the very change desired, considering the challenge to traditional aid practices posed by new donors like Brazil who speak of history and relationships. The book proposes that to help make this a better world, individuals and organisations working in international development must respond self-critically to the dilemmas of power and knowledge that shape aid’s messy relations. Written in an accessible way with vignettes, stories and dialogue, this critical history of aid provides practical tools and methodology for students in development studies, anthropology and international studies and for development practitioners to adopt the habit of reflexivity when helping to make a better world.

International Relations, Meaning and Mimesis

International Relations, Meaning and Mimesis

  • Author: Necati Polat
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136327940
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 198
  • View: 7205
DOWNLOAD NOW »
International Relations, Meaning and Mimesis is an innovative assessment of the uses of theory in making sense of international politics, opening up new pathways to thinking about the basics of the study area. Insights drawn from an interdisciplinary corpus of critical scholarship are synthesized and brought to bear on key concepts such as sovereignty, the state, peace, law, justice, ethics, and supranationality. The mainstream characteristically dismisses the narrativity that accompanies these concepts as derivative, tending to treat meaning attributable to them as static. The work shows how problematic this disdain of mimesis (exchange, reproduction, imitation) is and how this mindset effectively incapacitates conventional theorizing in both predicting phenomena and providing a normative vision. Integrating the study of international politics into debates in the wider academia over meaning and mimesis, this ambitious work is fluent and accessible at the same time, with exceptional lucidity in presenting difficult philosophical notions. A series of radical positions advanced in the book on theory and methodology not only address and call to account the mainstream imagination on international politics but also outline the implications of this critique for a host of specific issue areas, including peace research, normative theories, international law, and European studies.

Feminism and International Relations

Feminism and International Relations

Conversations about the Past, Present and Future

  • Author: J. Ann Tickner,Laura Sjoberg
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136724788
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 1431
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Feminist International Relations scholarship in the United States recently celebrated its 20th anniversary. Over those years, feminist researchers have made substantial progress concerning the question of how gender matters in global politics, global economics, and global culture. The progress has been noted both in the academic field of international relations and, increasingly, in the policy world. Celebrating these achievements, this book constructs conversations about the history, present state of, and future of feminist International Relations as a field across subfields of IR, continents, and generations of scholars. Providing an overview and assessment of what it means to "gender" IR in the 21st century, the volume has a unique format: it features a series of intellectual conversations, presenting cutting-edge research in the field, with provocative comments from senior scholars. It examines issues including global governance, the United Nations, war, peace, security, science, beauty, and human rights and addresses key questions including: What does viewing the diverse problems of global politics through gendered lenses look like in the 21st Century? How do feminisms accommodate differences in culture, race, and religion? How do feminist theoretical and policy analyses fit together? These conversations about feminist IR are accessible to non-specialist audiences and will be of interest to students and scholars of Gender Studies, Feminist Politics and International Relations.

The "man" question in international relations

The

  • Author: Marysia Zalewski,Jane L. Parpart
  • Publisher: Westview Pr
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 219
  • View: 2364
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Twelve original essays examine the various ways in which the subjecthood of men and masculinities are implicated in international relations theories and practices. The contributors argue that structuring a subject solely around one gender (whether male or female) fails to create a stable position--and merely adding token references to the opposite sex still will not make a balanced mix.

International Relations and Scientific Progress

International Relations and Scientific Progress

Structural Realism Reconsidered

  • Author: Patrick James
  • Publisher: Ohio State University Press
  • ISBN: 9780814209004
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 299
  • View: 6348
DOWNLOAD NOW »
International Relations and Scientific Progress contends that a theory focusing on the structure of the international system explains a wider and more interesting range of events in world politics than other theories. Such theorizing appears to be out of favor as the result of the apparent failure by structural realism, the most prominent system-level theory over the last two decades, on any number of fronts--most notably an inability to anticipate the ending of the Cold War and its aftermath. This new book is put forward as the most comprehensive and innovative theoretical work on paradigms in international relations since the publication of Theory of International Politics, which created structural realism, more than two decades ago. With appropriate revisions, however, structural realist theory can compete effectively and reclaim its primacy. The first part of International Relations and Scientific Progress assesses the meaning of progress in the discipline of international relations, a process that culminates in the creation of a new concept, the scientific research enterprise. The second part reviews structural realism within that context and identifies a lack of connection between theory and research that links power-based indicators to international conflict, crisis, and war. This part of the book makes the case for an elaboration of structural realism by showing that a system-level theory based on structure has great unrealized explanatory potential. By comparison, the current overwhelmingly research oriented agenda on state dyads imposes severe limitations on understanding that are not currently appreciated. Part Three sums up the work and explores new directions, most notablyas related to empirical testing of an elaborated version of structural realism that focuses on both continuity and change in the international system.

Western Dominance in International Relations?

Western Dominance in International Relations?

The Internationalisation of IR in Brazil and India

  • Author: Audrey Alejandro
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351692046
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 208
  • View: 3929
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Since the 1970s, a 'critical' movement has been developing in the humanities and social sciences denouncing the existence of 'Western dominance' over the worldwide production and circulation of knowledge. However, thirty years after the emergence of this promising agenda in International Relations (IR), this discipline has not experienced a major shift. This volume offers a counter-intuitive and original contribution to the understanding of the global circulation of knowledge. In contrast to the literature, it argues that the internationalisation of social sciences in the designated 'Global South' is not conditioned by the existence of a presumably 'Western dominance'. Indeed, although discriminative practices such as Eurocentrism and gate-keeping exist, their existence does not lead to a unipolar structuration of IR internationalisation around ‘the West’. Based on these empirical results, this book reflexively questions the role of critique in the (re)production of the social and political order. Paradoxically, the anti-Eurocentric critical discourses reproduce the very Eurocentrism they criticise. This book offers methodological support to address this paradox by demonstrating how one can use discourse analysis and reflexivity to produce innovative results and decentre oneself from the vision of the world one has been socialised into. This work offers an insightful contribution to International Relations, Political Theory, Sociology and Qualitative Methodology. It will be useful to all students and scholars interested in critical theories, international political sociology, social sciences in Brazil and India, knowledge and discourse, Eurocentrism, as well as the future of reflexivity.

Handbuch Internationale Beziehungen

Handbuch Internationale Beziehungen

  • Author: Frank Sauer,Carlo Masala
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3531199188
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 1172
  • View: 4843
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Das Handbuch Internationale Beziehungen ist die zweite, vollständig überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage des Handbuchs der Internationalen Politik. Das neue Handbuch vermittelt einen umfassenden Überblick über den state of the art der politikwissenschaftlichen Teildisziplin Internationale Beziehungen in deutscher Sprache. Es präsentiert theoretische und methodische Grundlagen der Forschung in den Internationalen Beziehungen und stellt die wesentlichen Akteure und Problemfelder der internationalen Politik vor. Das Nachschlagewerk richtet sich sowohl an Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler als auch an Studierende und die interessierte Öffentlichkeit.

Evaluating Progress in International Relations

Evaluating Progress in International Relations

How do you know?

  • Author: Annette Freyberg-Inan,Ewan Harrison,Patrick James
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317201426
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 234
  • View: 8234
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This edited volume offers a systematic evaluation of how knowledge is produced by scholarly research into International Relations. The contributors explore three key questions: To what extent is scientific progress and accumulation of knowledge possible? What are the different accounts of how this process takes place? And what are the dominant critiques of these understandings? It is the first publication to survey the full range of perspectives available for evaluating scientific progress as well as dominant critiques of scientism. In its second part, the volume applies this range of perspectives to the research program on the democratic peace. It shows what we gain by accommodating and enabling dialogue among the full range of epistemological approaches. The contributors elaborate and defend the epistemological position of sociable pluralism as one that seeks to build bridges between soft positivism, critical theory, and critical realism. The underlying idea is that if the differences between the various approaches used by different communities of researchers can be understood more clearly, this will facilitate meaningful cross-cutting communication, dialogue, and debate and thereby enable us to address real-world problems more effectively. This timely and original work will be of great interest to advanced-level students and scholars dealing with philosophy of science and methodological questions in International Relations.

The Wealth of States

The Wealth of States

A Comparative Sociology of International Economic and Political Change

  • Author: John M. Hobson
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521588621
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 338
  • View: 8981
DOWNLOAD NOW »
His analysis reveals the importance of the state as an autonomous, 'adaptive' actor in domestic and international politics and economics, which is not dependent upon dominant classes, economic interest groups, the world economy or the geopolitical system of states. The book thus represents a distinctive approach which goes beyond the existing paradigms of Marxism, liberalism and realism.