Search Results for "reflexivity-and-international-relations"

Reflexivity and International Relations

Reflexivity and International Relations

Positionality, Critique, and Practice

  • Author: Jack L Amoureux,Brent J. Steele
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317656016
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 286
  • View: 9862
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Reflexivity has become a common term in IR scholarship with a variety of uses and meanings. Yet for such an important concept and referent, understandings of reflexivity have been more assumed rather than developed by those who use it, from realists and constructivists to feminists and post-structuralists. This volume seeks to provide the first overview of reflexivity in international relations theory, offering students and scholars a text that : provides a comprehensive and systematic overview of the current reflexivity literature develops important insights into how reflexivity can play a broader role in IR theory pushes reflexivity in new, productive directions, and offers more nuanced and concrete specifications of reflexivity moves reflexivity beyond the scholar and the scholarly field to political practice Formulates practices of reflexivity. Drawing together the work of many of the key scholars in the field into one volume, this work will be essential reading for all students of international relations theory.

The Restructuring of International Relations Theory

The Restructuring of International Relations Theory

  • Author: Mark A. Neufeld
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521479363
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 174
  • View: 331
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In this book Mark Neufeld argues for a theory of international politics committed to human emancipation. He suggests that international relations theory must move in a nonpositivist direction, and explores recent developments in the discipline, including critical, Gramscian, postmodernist, feminist and normative approaches. Drawing on recent work in social and political theory, as well as international relations, this book offers an accessible review of recent developments in the study of international politics.

Beyond Positivism

Beyond Positivism

Critical Reflections on International Relations

  • Author: Claire Turenne Sjolander,Wayne S. Cox
  • Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers
  • ISBN: 9781555874834
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 203
  • View: 5576
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This work adopts the premise that the metatheoretical debates about positivists and post-positivists have reached an impasse; it suggests that an approach driven by theoretical reflexivity offers a basis on which alternative understandings of international relations can be developed.

Encyclopedia of International Relations and Global Politics

Encyclopedia of International Relations and Global Politics

  • Author: Martin Griffiths
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135190801
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 936
  • View: 1179
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The study of international relations has changed rapidly in recent years. Firstly as a consequence of major political and economic change – the end of the cold war and the fall of communism, the resurgence of nationalism, terrorism and forms of fundamentalism, globalization – and secondly, linked with these developments, because of the vitality of the discipline, with ongoing debates on the fundamental paradigms for the understanding of international relations and the emergence of the perspectives of feminism, postmodernism, constructivism and critical theory. The Routledge Encyclopedia of International Relations and Global Politics provides a unique reference source for students and academics covering all aspects of global international relations and the contemporary discipline across IR's major subject divisions of diplomacy, military affairs, international political economy, and theory. Written by a distinguished group of international scholars, the Encyclopedia is largely comprised of substantial entries of more than 1,000 words, with fifty major entries of 5,000 words on core contemporary topics. Each entry is fully cross-referenced and followed by a listing of complementary entries and a short bibliography for further reading. The whole is comprehensively indexed. There is no other resource of its kind and the Encyclopedia of International Relations and Global Politics will be an extremely valuable addition to all libraries supporting teaching and research in the social sciences.

Constructivism and International Relations

Constructivism and International Relations

Alexander Wendt and His Critics

  • Author: Stefano Guzzini,Anna Leander
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134319592
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 4115
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This new book unites in one volume some of the most prominent critiques of Alexander Wendt's constructivist theory of international relations and includes the first comprehensive reply by Wendt. Partly reprints of benchmark articles, partly new original critiques, the critical chapters are informed by a wide array of contending theories ranging from realism to poststructuralism. The collected leading theorists critique Wendt’s seminal book Social Theory of International Politics and his subsequent revisions. They take issue with the full panoply of Wendt’s approach, such as his alleged positivism, his critique of the realist school, the conceptualism of identity, and his teleological theory of history. Wendt’s reply is not limited to rebuttal only. For the first time, he develops his recent idea of quantum social science, as well as its implications for theorising international relations. This unique volume will be a necessary companion to Wendt’s book for students and researchers seeking a better understanding of his work, and also offers one of the most up-to-date collections on constructivist theorizing.

The Post-Cold War International System

The Post-Cold War International System

Strategies, Institutions and Reflexivity

  • Author: Ewan Harrison
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134334710
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 200
  • View: 3234
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The end of the Cold War has opened up a 'real world laboratory' in which to test and refine general theories of international relations. Using the frameworks provided by structural realism, institutionalism and liberalism, The Post-Cold War International System examines how major powers responded to the collapse of the Soviet Union and developed their foreign policies over the period of post-Cold War transition. The book argues that the democratic peace has begun to generate powerful socialisation effects, due to the emergence of a critical mass of liberal democratic states since the end of the Cold War. The trend this has produced is similar to a pattern that classical realists have interpreted as 'bandwagoning' within a unipolar power structure. Case studies of Germany, China and Japan - identified as key states with the potential to challenge US dominance - provide evidence to support the assessment of international change. The author concludes by exploring the implications of September 11th for the analysis developed. This important volume argues that the end of the Cold War was a major historical turning point in the development of world politics with fundamental implications for the basic way in which the dynamics of the international system are conceptualised.

A Practice of Ethics for Global Politics

A Practice of Ethics for Global Politics

Ethical Reflexivity

  • Author: Jack L. Amoureux
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317753380
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 268
  • View: 9805
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What kind of ethics in world politics is possible if there is no foundation for moral knowledge or global reality is at least complex and contingent? Furthermore, how can an ethics grapple with difference, a persistent and confounding feature for global politics? This book responds to the call for a bold and creative approach to ethics that avoids assuming or aspiring to universality, and instead prioritizes difference, complexity and uncertainty by turning to reflexivity, not as method or methodology, but as a practice of ethics for politics. This practice, ‘ethical reflexivity’, offers individuals, organizations and communities tools to recognize, interrogate and potentially change the stories they tell about politics—about constraints, notions of responsibility and visions of desirability. The benefits and limits of ethical reflexivity are investigated by the author, who engages writing on critique, rhetoric, affect and relationality, and carefully considers dominant and alternative framings of difficult issues in International Relations (IR)—the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, and the US policies of ‘enhanced interrogation’ and drone strikes. This path-breaking study provokes new possibilities for agency and action and contributes to a growing literature in IR on reflexivity by uniquely elaborating its promise as an ethics for politics, and by drawing on thinkers less utilized in discussions of reflexivity such as Hannah Arendt, Michel Foucault and Aristotle. This book will appeal to scholars and upper-level graduates in several sub-fields of IR, including international/global ethics, IR theory, global governance, international organizations, non-governmental organizations, foreign policy analysis and US foreign policy.

International Relations, Meaning and Mimesis

International Relations, Meaning and Mimesis

  • Author: Necati Polat
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136327940
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 198
  • View: 5455
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International Relations, Meaning and Mimesis is an innovative assessment of the uses of theory in making sense of international politics, opening up new pathways to thinking about the basics of the study area. Insights drawn from an interdisciplinary corpus of critical scholarship are synthesized and brought to bear on key concepts such as sovereignty, the state, peace, law, justice, ethics, and supranationality. The mainstream characteristically dismisses the narrativity that accompanies these concepts as derivative, tending to treat meaning attributable to them as static. The work shows how problematic this disdain of mimesis (exchange, reproduction, imitation) is and how this mindset effectively incapacitates conventional theorizing in both predicting phenomena and providing a normative vision. Integrating the study of international politics into debates in the wider academia over meaning and mimesis, this ambitious work is fluent and accessible at the same time, with exceptional lucidity in presenting difficult philosophical notions. A series of radical positions advanced in the book on theory and methodology not only address and call to account the mainstream imagination on international politics but also outline the implications of this critique for a host of specific issue areas, including peace research, normative theories, international law, and European studies.

Feminism and International Relations

Feminism and International Relations

Conversations about the Past, Present and Future

  • Author: J. Ann Tickner,Laura Sjoberg
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136724788
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 274
  • View: 3936
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Feminist International Relations scholarship in the United States recently celebrated its 20th anniversary. Over those years, feminist researchers have made substantial progress concerning the question of how gender matters in global politics, global economics, and global culture. The progress has been noted both in the academic field of international relations and, increasingly, in the policy world. Celebrating these achievements, this book constructs conversations about the history, present state of, and future of feminist International Relations as a field across subfields of IR, continents, and generations of scholars. Providing an overview and assessment of what it means to "gender" IR in the 21st century, the volume has a unique format: it features a series of intellectual conversations, presenting cutting-edge research in the field, with provocative comments from senior scholars. It examines issues including global governance, the United Nations, war, peace, security, science, beauty, and human rights and addresses key questions including: What does viewing the diverse problems of global politics through gendered lenses look like in the 21st Century? How do feminisms accommodate differences in culture, race, and religion? How do feminist theoretical and policy analyses fit together? These conversations about feminist IR are accessible to non-specialist audiences and will be of interest to students and scholars of Gender Studies, Feminist Politics and International Relations.

International Aid and the Making of a Better World

International Aid and the Making of a Better World

Reflexive Practice

  • Author: Rosalind Eyben
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135132755
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 208
  • View: 1588
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How can international aid professionals manage to deal with the daily dilemmas of working for the wellbeing of people in countries other than their own? A scholar-activist and lifelong development practitioner seeks to answer that question in a book that provides a vivid and accessible insight into the world of aid – its people, ideas and values against the backdrop of a broader historical analysis of the contested ideals and politics of aid operations from the 1960s to the present day. Moving between aid-recipient countries, head office and global policy spaces, Rosalind Eyben critically examines her own behaviour to explore what happens when trying to improve people’s lives in far-away countries and warns how self-deception may construct obstacles to the very change desired, considering the challenge to traditional aid practices posed by new donors like Brazil who speak of history and relationships. The book proposes that to help make this a better world, individuals and organisations working in international development must respond self-critically to the dilemmas of power and knowledge that shape aid’s messy relations. Written in an accessible way with vignettes, stories and dialogue, this critical history of aid provides practical tools and methodology for students in development studies, anthropology and international studies and for development practitioners to adopt the habit of reflexivity when helping to make a better world.

Research and reflexivity

Research and reflexivity

  • Author: Frederick Steier
  • Publisher: Sage Pubns
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 257
  • View: 7572
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Is reflexivity viable as a legitimate component of constructionist methodologies? If so, how can methodologies be developed to do research and conduct inquiry from a social constructionist standpoint? Interdisciplinary and international, Research and Reflexivity focuses on the nature of knowledge and reflexive knowing. Divided into three sections, the first part is concerned with the theoretical issues in reflexivity and constructionism; the next with reflexivity in the practice of developing constructionist research methodologies; and the last moves from research experiences to emergent theoretical issues tied to reflexivity. This intriguing volume addresses the implications of seeing the research process itself as socially constructing a world or worlds, with the researchers included in--rather than outside--the body of their own research. Researchers "coproduce" the worlds of their research rather than simply "find" these worlds. Furthermore, what that recognition means for the development of social constructionist methodologies is also explored. Upper-division students, scholars, and researchers across a wide range of disciplines--from communication studies to education, from organization studies and family therapy to social psychology--will find Research and Reflexivity essential reading. "The chapters are, without exception, intellectually engaging and draw upon literature and arguments that may not be familiar, but are certainly relevant, to communication researchers. . . . Some chapters . . . provide an excellent overview for those not well acquainted with constructionist research and self-reflexivity. Von Glaserfeld traces the development of the constructionist movement, andprovides a spirited defense against the more common, if naive, criticisms of this approach. The chapter by Krippendorff provides the most well-developed attempt at fulfilling Steier's aim for this book. . . . The essays in this book provide strong evidence of the 'Fact tha

The Conduct of Inquiry in International Relations

The Conduct of Inquiry in International Relations

Philosophy of Science and Its Implications for the Study of World Politics

  • Author: Patrick Thaddeus Jackson
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136912037
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 288
  • View: 3088
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This volume ws the winner of The International Studies Association Theory Section Book Award 2013, presented by the International Studies Association and The Yale H. Ferguson Award 2012, presented by International Studies Association-Northeast. There are many different scientifically valid ways to produce knowledge. The field of International Relations should pay closer attention to these methodological differences, and to their implications for concrete research on world politics. The Conduct of Inquiry in International Relations provides an introduction to the philosophy of science issues and their implications for the study of global politics. The author draws attention to the problems caused by the misleading notion of a single unified scientific method, and proposes a framework that clarifies the variety of ways that IR scholars establish the authority and validity of their empirical claims. Jackson connects philosophical considerations with concrete issues of research design within neopositivist, critical realist, analyticist, and reflexive approaches to the study of world politics. Envisioning a pluralist science for a global IR field, this volume organizes the significant differences between methodological stances so as to promote internal consistency, public discussion, and worldly insight as the hallmarks of any scientific study of world politics. This important volume will be essential reading for all students and scholars of International Relations, Political Science and Philosophy of Science.

Ontological Security in International Relations

Ontological Security in International Relations

Self-Identity and the IR State

  • Author: Brent J. Steele
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135980098
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 14
  • View: 6763
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The central assertion of this book is that states pursue social actions to serve self-identity needs, even when these actions compromise their physical existence. Three forms of social action, sometimes referred to as ‘motives’ of state behaviour (moral, humanitarian, and honour-driven) are analyzed here through an ontological security approach. Brent J. Steele develops an account of social action which interprets these behaviours as fulfilling a nation-state's drive to secure self-identity through time. The anxiety which consumes all social agents motivates them to secure their sense of being, and thus he posits that transformational possibilities exist in the ‘Self’ of a nation-state. The volume consequently both challenges and complements realist, liberal, constructivist and post-structural accounts to international politics. Using ontological security to interpret three cases - British neutrality during the American Civil War (1861-1865), Belgium’s decision to fight Germany in 1914, and NATO’s (1999) Kosovo intervention - the book concludes by discussing the importance for self-interrogation in both the study and practice of international relations. Ontological Security in International Relations will be of particular interest to students and researchers of international politics, international ethics, international relations and security studies.

Reflexivity and the Crisis of Western Reason

Reflexivity and the Crisis of Western Reason

  • Author: Barry Sandywell
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 0415087562
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 525
  • View: 8569
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This ground-breaking work, the first in a series of volumes, explores the genealogical analysis of the discourses of reflection. Barry Sandywell traces the differences between the traditional discourses of reflection and the experiences of reflexivity in everyday, social and philosophical thought. The central contention of Sandywell's argument is that in order to begin to address these types of questions we must first explore the force field between the discourses of reflection and reflexivity. To do so requires radical self-investigations of the role of reflexivity in human experience, and more especially of the role of the languages, practices, and institutions of self-reflection within the fabric of Western culture. Consequently, these 'logological investigations' introduce a method of analysis which traces the epochal movement of thought from a videological to a dialogical conception of the world. In doing so they introduce some of the preliminary work necessary for more detailed studies of premodern, modern, and postmodern forms of reflexivity in the subsequent volumes. Brilliantly organized and abounding with astonishing insights, Volume 1 offers a fundamental challenge to our normal ways of viewing social thought.

The Comparative International Politics of Democracy Promotion

The Comparative International Politics of Democracy Promotion

  • Author: Jonas Wolff,Hans-Joachim Spanger,Hans-Jürgen Puhle
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134509626
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 294
  • View: 7654
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Though scholarly attention to democracy promotion is increasing, there is still little comparative and theoretically-based work on the protagonists of democracy promotion. This book investigates the motives that drive democracy promotion in a comparative and theoretically oriented manner, exploring how democracy promoters deal with conflicting objectives and the factors that shape their behaviour. It also addresses the more policy-oriented debate on the contemporary challenges to democracy promotion, focusing on US and German policies towards three kinds of challenges: the emergence of ‘radical’ leftist governments in Bolivia and Ecuador, the political rise of Islamist movements in Turkey and Pakistan, and the consolidation of (semi-)authoritarian rule in Belarus and Russia. In each case, North-Western democracy promoters have been confronted with serious conflicts of objectives between security, economic interests and democracy promotion. The analysis and comparison of such situations in which democracy promoters have to deal with competing objectives and make tough decisions provides powerful evidence as to the factors that shape democracy promotion. The Comparative International Politics of Democracy Promotion will be of interest to students and scholars of international relations, comparative politics, democratization studies and foreign policy.

Critical Theory and International Relations

Critical Theory and International Relations

A Reader

  • Author: Steven C. Roach
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780415954181
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 398
  • View: 6572
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"This reader provides students, scholars, and practitioners with a comprehensive compilation of essays, articles, and book selections which bring together the traditional and essential works of Critical Theory and Critical International Relations (IR) Theory. It features the writings of Kant, Hegel, Marx, Nietzsche, Freud, Weber, Pollock, Horkheimer, Adorno, Marcuse, Habermas, Honneth, Fraser, Cox, Linklater, Ashley and Walker, Sylvester, and Devetak. In addition to a general introduction, it also includes detailed descriptions of each chapter showing the major tensions of four periods of the extension of critical theory into critical IR theory. The principle aim of the reader, then, is to provide the scholar and student with a rich and integrative narrative that tells the story of how critical theory entered into international relations theory. In this way, it seeks to deepen the reader's historical and sociological understanding of critical IR theory and to show how the global realm offers a dynamic context for further extending critical theory's emancipatory project. The last section includes texts on postmodernism and feminism, in order to address the issue of whether the discipline is in crisis, or is working toward a cohesive and reflexive framework. Steven C. Roach is Assistant Professor of Government and International Affairs at the University of South Florida. He is the author of The International Criminal Court, Ethics, and Global Justice: The Politics of Criminalizing Violence (2006) and Cultural Autonomy, Minority Rights and Globalization (2005), and his articles have appeared in numerous peer-reviewed international relations and human rights journals." http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0654/2006009323-d.html.

The Wealth of States

The Wealth of States

A Comparative Sociology of International Economic and Political Change

  • Author: John M. Hobson
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521588621
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 338
  • View: 9593
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John Hobson develops a new theory of international change using a sociological approach, through a detailed examination of nineteenth-century trade regimes, and the efforts of the Great Powers to increase their military capabilities before the First World War through tariff protectionism. His analysis reveals the importance of the state as an autonomous, 'adaptive' actor in domestic and international politics and economics, which is not dependent upon dominant classes, economic interest groups, the world economy or the geopolitical system of states.

Key Research Concepts in Politics and International Relations

Key Research Concepts in Politics and International Relations

  • Author: Lisa Harrison,Theresa Callan
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited
  • ISBN: 1446281663
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 176
  • View: 9144
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From action research to validity, this innovative and informative text is an invaluable guide to a variety of core research concepts in both political science and international relations. Key Features: - Each entry is consistently structured, providing: a clear definition, a focused explanation, a summary of current debates and areas of research, further reading, and references to other related concepts. - Explains how and why particular research methods are used and highlights alternative research concepts and strategies. - Cross-relates entries, enabling you to dip in to topics and follow threads throughout the book. - Packed with illuminating examples to help you to apply theory to the 'real world' of political analysis. An essential companion for students of Politics and International Relations at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels.

The Politics and Ethics of Identity

The Politics and Ethics of Identity

In Search of Ourselves

  • Author: Richard Ned Lebow
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107027659
  • Category: History
  • Page: 431
  • View: 8902
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Challenges the notion of consistent unitary identities, arguing that we are multiple, changing selves, shaped by social contexts and processes.

Research Methods in Critical Security Studies

Research Methods in Critical Security Studies

An Introduction

  • Author: Mark B. Salter,Can E. Mutlu
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136260846
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 8931
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This new textbook surveys new and emergent methods for doing research in critical security studies, thereby filling a large gap in the literature of this emerging field. New or critical security studies is growing as a field, but still lacks a clear methodology; the diverse range of the main foci of study (culture, practices, language, or bodies) means that there is little coherence or conversation between these four schools or approaches. In this ground-breaking collection of fresh and emergent voices, new methods in critical security studies are explored from multiple perspectives, providing practical examples of successful research design and methodologies. Drawing upon their own experiences and projects, thirty-three authors address the following turns over the course of six comprehensive sections: Part I: Research Design Part II: The Ethnographic Turn Part III: The Practice Turn Part IV: The Discursive Turn Part V: The Corporeal Turn Part VI: The Material Turn This book will be essential reading for upper-level students and researchers in the field of critical security studies, and of much interest to students of sociology, ethnography and IR.