Search Results for "reputation-and-international-politics"

Reputation And International Politics

Reputation And International Politics

  • Author: Jonathan Mercer
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 1501724479
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 248
  • View: 7397
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Mercer examines reputation formation in a series of crises before World War I. He tests competing arguments, one from deterrence theory, the other from social psychology, to see which better predicts and explains how reputations form. He extends his findings to address contemporary crises such as the Gulf War, and considers how culture, gender and nuclear weapons affect reputation.

Fighting for Credibility

Fighting for Credibility

US Reputation and International Politics

  • Author: Frank P. Harvey,John Mitton
  • Publisher: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 1487520549
  • Category: History
  • Page: 300
  • View: 7665
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Focusing on cases of asymmetric US encounters with smaller powers since the end of the Cold War, Harvey and Mitton reveal that reputations matter for credibility in international politics. This dynamic and deeply documented study successfully brings reputation back to the table of foreign diplomacy.

Of Friends and Foes

Of Friends and Foes

Reputation and Learning in World Politics

  • Author: Mark J. C. Crescenzi
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190609524
  • Category: International relations
  • Page: 208
  • View: 1198
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Do reputations affect world politics? Crescenzi develops a theory of reputation dynamics to identify when reputations form and how they affect world politics. He identifies patterns of reputation's influence in cooperation and conflict. Reputations for conflict exacerbate crises while reputations for cooperation and reliability make future cooperation more likely.

Reputation and International Cooperation

Reputation and International Cooperation

Sovereign Debt across Three Centuries

  • Author: Michael Tomz
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400842921
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 328
  • View: 2668
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How does cooperation emerge in a condition of international anarchy? Michael Tomz sheds new light on this fundamental question through a study of international debt across three centuries. Tomz develops a reputational theory of cooperation between sovereign governments and foreign investors. He explains how governments acquire reputations in the eyes of investors, and argues that concerns about reputation sustain international lending and repayment. Tomz's theory generates novel predictions about the dynamics of cooperation: how investors treat first-time borrowers, how access to credit evolves as debtors become more seasoned, and how countries ascend and descend the reputational ladder by acting contrary to investors' expectations. Tomz systematically tests his theory and the leading alternatives across three centuries of financial history. His remarkable data, gathered from archives in nine countries, cover all sovereign borrowers. He deftly combines statistical methods, case studies, and content analysis to scrutinize theories from as many angles as possible. Tomz finds strong support for his reputational theory while challenging prevailing views about sovereign debt. His pathbreaking study shows that, across the centuries, reputations have guided lending and repayment in consistent ways. Moreover, Tomz uncovers surprisingly little evidence of punitive enforcement strategies. Creditors have not compelled borrowers to repay by threatening military retaliation, imposing trade sanctions, or colluding to deprive defaulters of future loans. He concludes by highlighting the implications of his reputational logic for areas beyond sovereign debt, further advancing our understanding of the puzzle of cooperation under anarchy.

The United States and Coercive Diplomacy

The United States and Coercive Diplomacy

  • Author: Robert J. Art,Patrick M. Cronin
  • Publisher: US Institute of Peace Press
  • ISBN: 9781929223442
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 442
  • View: 6557
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"As Robert Art makes clear in a groundbreaking conclusion, those results have been mixed at best. Art dissects the uneven performance of coercive diplomacy and explains why it has sometimes worked and why it has more often failed."--BOOK JACKET.

Freakonomics

Freakonomics

überraschende Antworten auf alltägliche Lebensfragen ; [warum wohnen Drogenhändler bei ihren Müttern? Führt mehr Polizei zu weniger Kriminalität? Sind Swimmingpools gefährlicher als Revolver? Macht gute Erziehung glücklich?]

  • Author: Steven D. Levitt,Stephen J. Dubner
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783442154517
  • Category:
  • Page: 411
  • View: 5880
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Sind Swimmingpools gefährlicher als Revolver? Warum betrügen Lehrer? Der preisgekrönte Wirtschaftswissenschaftler Steven D. Levitt kombiniert Statistiken, deren Zusammenführung und Gegenüberstellung auf den ersten Blick absurd erscheint, durch seine Analysetechnik aber zu zahlreichen Aha-Effekten führt. Ein äußerst unterhaltsamer Streifzug durch die Mysterien des Alltags, der uns schmunzeln lässt und stets über eindimensionales Denken hinausführt.

Handbuch Internationale Beziehungen

Handbuch Internationale Beziehungen

  • Author: Frank Sauer,Carlo Masala
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3531199188
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 1172
  • View: 2809
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Das Handbuch Internationale Beziehungen ist die zweite, vollständig überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage des Handbuchs der Internationalen Politik. Das neue Handbuch vermittelt einen umfassenden Überblick über den state of the art der politikwissenschaftlichen Teildisziplin Internationale Beziehungen in deutscher Sprache. Es präsentiert theoretische und methodische Grundlagen der Forschung in den Internationalen Beziehungen und stellt die wesentlichen Akteure und Problemfelder der internationalen Politik vor. Das Nachschlagewerk richtet sich sowohl an Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler als auch an Studierende und die interessierte Öffentlichkeit.

Gesetze der Angst

Gesetze der Angst

jenseits des Vorsorgeprinzips

  • Author: Cass R. Sunstein
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783518584798
  • Category: Civil rights
  • Page: 343
  • View: 6433
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Der Fürst

Der Fürst

  • Author: Niccolò Machiavelli
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Political ethics
  • Page: 60
  • View: 7618
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The Shadow of the Past

The Shadow of the Past

reputation and military alliances before the First World War

  • Author: Gregory D. Miller
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 0801464137
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 248
  • View: 4217
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In The Shadow of the Past, Gregory D. Miller examines the role that reputation plays in international politics, emphasizing the importance of reliability-confidence that, based on past political actions, a country will make good on its promises-in the formation of military alliances. Challenging recent scholarship that focuses on the importance of credibility-a state's reputation for following through on its threats-Miller finds that reliable states have much greater freedom in forming alliances than those that invest resources in building military force but then use it inconsistently. To explore the formation and maintenance of alliances based on reputation, Miller draws on insights from both political science and business theory to track the evolution of great power relations before the First World War. He starts with the British decision to abandon "splendid isolation" in 1900 and examines three crises--the First Moroccan Crisis (1905-6), the Bosnia-Herzegovina Crisis (1908-9), and the Agadir Crisis (1911)-leading up to the war. He determines that states with a reputation for being a reliable ally have an easier time finding other reliable allies, and have greater autonomy within their alliances, than do states with a reputation for unreliability. Further, a history of reliability carries long-term benefits, as states tend not to lose allies even when their reputation declines.

Reputation and Judicial Tactics

Reputation and Judicial Tactics

A Theory of National and International Courts

  • Author: Shai Dothan
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107031133
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 348
  • View: 9988
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This book argues that national and international courts seek to enhance their reputations through the strategic exercise of judicial power. Courts often cannot enforce their judgments and must rely on reputational sanctions to ensure compliance. One way to do this is for courts to improve their reputation for generating compliance with their judgments. When the court's reputation is increased, parties will be expected to comply with its judgments and the reputational sanction on a party that fails to comply will be higher. This strategy allows national and international courts, which cannot enforce their judgments against states and executives, to improve the likelihood that their judgments will be complied with over time. This book describes the judicial tactics that courts use to shape their judgments in ways that maximize their reputational gains.

Principles of International Politics

Principles of International Politics

  • Author: Bruce Bueno de Mesquita
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 1452202982
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 566
  • View: 2140
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Renowned scholar Bruce Bueno de Mesquita, who set the standard for the scientific approach to international relations and transformed the field, has returned with a reformulated fifth edition based on extensive reviewer feedback and guided by an emphasis on questions about the causes and consequences of war, peace, and world order. More than ever before, the strategic perspective in international relations is examined with complete clarity, precision, and accessibility. What hasn't changed is Bueno de Mesquita's commitment to covering the fundamentals of IR. The foundational topics and examination are all there: the major theories of war, the domestic sources of international politics, an exploration of the democratic peace, the problems of terrorism, the role of foreign aid, democratization, international political economy, globalization, international organizations, international law, and the global environment. The first part of the book, "Foundations" offers highly accessible coverage of key concepts, introducing students to different ways to think about the national interest and showing them how to use game theory and the strategic perspective/selectorate theory to better understand what happens in all aspects of international affairs. This section uses debate over North Korea's nuclear weapons development as an ongoing example to build concepts and build confidence in the student's how of basic modeling ideas. Also covered is a basic, intuitive introduction to game theory and other evidence and logic based tools for analyzing international relations. Part II, "War," next provides a more thorough evaluation of how domestic political incentives and the domestic institutions of governance shape choices about conflict initiation, escalation, and termination. It also surveys major theories of war and conflict, working through hypotheses derived from constructivism, neo-realism, liberalism and selectorate theory and evaluating them against the evidence to see what actually works and what doesn't. Chapters in Part III, "Peace," build on the logic of collective action to help students see why it is so difficult to get national governments to do "what is right" even when they can agree on what is right, with chapters covering the effectiveness of international organizations and international law, as well as a thorough evaluation of environmental issues, human rights enforcement and the domestic and the international political economy of trade. Part IV, "World Order" emphasizes efforts to promote the spread of democracy and economic prosperity. It also addresses how to understand and deal with terrorism. Whether examining terrorism, the spread of democracy or the alleviation of poverty, chapters in this section carefully examine which strategies work, which do not, and why. The Arab Spring provides a useful ongoing example of the strengths and weaknesses of foreign aid policy and military intervention policies. No other introductory text delivers such an easily-understood contemporary explanation of international politics, while truly enabling students to learn how to mobilize the key concepts and models themselves-thus develop a new method for thinking about world affairs. More than ever before, Principles provides a comprehensive evaluation of all aspects of international affairs, systematically compares the accuracy of competing approaches to international relations, and walks students through the simple, intuitive models and games that capture the essence of the strategic, selectorate viewpoint.

Homo sacer

Homo sacer

Die souveräne Macht und das nackte Leben

  • Author: Giorgio Agamben
  • Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
  • ISBN: 351878420X
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 224
  • View: 6847
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Der homo sacer ist die Verkörperung einer archaischen römischen Rechtsfigur: Zwar durfte er straflos getötet, nicht aber geopfert werden, was auch seine Tötung sinnlos und ihn gleichsam unberührbar machte – woraus sich der Doppelsinn von sacer als ›verflucht‹ und ›geheiligt‹ ableitet. Giorgio Agamben stellt im Anschluß an Foucault und als philosophische Korrektur von dessen Konzept der Biopolitik die These auf, daß Biopolitik, indem sie den Menschen auf einen biologischen Nullwert zurückzuführen versucht, das nackte Leben zum eigentlichen Subjekt der Moderne macht. Ausgehend von Carl Schmitts Souveränitätskonzept, kommt Agamben zu einer Interpretation des Konzentrationslagers als »nomos der Moderne«, wo Recht und Tat, Regel und Ausnahme, Leben und Tod ununterscheidbar werden. In den zwischen Leben und Tod siechenden Häftlingen, aber auch in den Flüchtlingen von heute sieht er massenhaft real gewordene Verkörperungen des homo sacer und des nackten Lebens. Die philosophische Begründung dessen, daß diese Möglichkeit keineswegs nur historisch ist, hat eine Diskussion entfacht, die weit über Italien und Europa hinausreicht.

Common law

Common law

  • Author: Oliver Wendell Holmes
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783428121519
  • Category: Common law
  • Page: 423
  • View: 6246
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Interdisciplinary Perspectives on International Law and International Relations

Interdisciplinary Perspectives on International Law and International Relations

The State of the Art

  • Author: Jeffrey L. Dunoff,Mark A. Pollack
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107020743
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 680
  • View: 3493
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This book brings together the most influential contemporary writers in the fields of international law and international relations to take stock of what we know about the making, interpretation, and enforcement of international law. The contributions to this volume critically explore what recent interdisciplinary work reveals about the design and workings of international institutions, the various roles played by international and domestic courts, and the factors that enhance compliance with international law.

Core Europe and Greater Eurasia

Core Europe and Greater Eurasia

A Roadmap for the Future

  • Author: Peter W. Schulze
  • Publisher: Campus Verlag
  • ISBN: 3593437856
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 226
  • View: 5280
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Die EU befindet sich in einer Krise, die durch Umbrüche in den internationalen Beziehungen verschärft wird. Wie die Konflikte in der Ukraine und in Syrien zeigen, läuft sie Gefahr, zum Spielball geopolitischer Auseinandersetzungen zwischen den USA und Russland zu werden. Die EU muss zu einer ausgewogenen und selbstbewussten Politik finden, will sie ein wichtiger Akteur sein. Dabei bietet eine Verbindung der Konzeptionen von Kerneuropa und Greater Eurasia Chancen für den Abbau politischer Spannungen sowie zu einer Rückbesinnung auf eine interessengeleitete Russlandpolitik der EU und ihrer Mitgliedsstaaten. Diesem Ziel würde ein gesamteuropäischer Wirtschaftsraum dienen, der auf den Säulen von Energie- und Transportinfrastruktur beruhen könnte.

China's Ascent

China's Ascent

Power, Security, and the Future of International Politics

  • Author: Robert S. Ross,Zhu Feng
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 0801456983
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 336
  • View: 1802
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Assessments of China's importance on the world stage usually focus on a single dimension of China's increasing power, rather than on the multiple sources of China's rise, including its economic might and the continuing modernization of its military. This book offers multiple analytical perspectives—constructivist, liberal, neorealist—on the significance of the many dimensions of China's regional and global influence. Distinguished authors consider the likelihood of conflict and peaceful accommodation as China grows ever stronger. They look at the changing position of China "from the inside": How do Chinese policymakers evaluate the contemporary international order and what are the regional and global implications of that worldview? The authors also address the implications of China's increasing power for Chinese policymaking and for the foreign policies of Korea, Japan, and the United States. Contributors: Robert Art, Brandeis University; Avery Goldstein, University of Pennsylvania; G. John Ikenberry, Princeton University; Byung-Kook Kim, Korea University; Jonathan Kirshner, Cornell University; Jeffrey W. Legro, University of Virginia; Jack S. Levy, Rutgers University; Qin Yaqing, China Foreign Affairs University; Robert S. Ross, Boston College; Akio Takahara, University of Tokyo; Tang Shiping, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; Wei Ling, China Foreign Affairs University; Zhu Feng, Peking University

Solange du lügst

Solange du lügst

  • Author: Sarah Waters
  • Publisher: Verlag Krug & Schadenberg
  • ISBN: 3944576233
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 750
  • View: 6980
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England im 19. Jahrhundert: Susan Trinder wächst im Waisenhaus der zwielichtigen Mrs. Sucksby auf. Gemeinsam mit dem aalglatten Richard Rivers, genannt "Gentleman", plant sie einen großen Coup: Als Zofe will sie sich in das Vertrauen der jungen Erbin Maud Lilly einschleichen, um alsbald die Weichen für deren Heirat mit Gentleman zu stellen. Kurz nach der Eheschließung soll Maud dann ins Irrenhaus abgeschoben werden, um an ihr Vermögen zu kommen. Zunächst verläuft alles nach Plan. Selbst die zärtlich-leidenschaftlichen Gefühle, die Susan schon bald für Maud entwickelt, können sie nicht beirren. Doch plötzlich nehmen die Ereignisse eine atemberaubende Wendung. Zu spät erkennt Susan, dass sie in ein gefährliches Intrigenspiel geraten ist, in dem es nun um Liebe und Tod geht ...

What causes credibility?

What causes credibility?

reputation, power, and assessments of credibility during crises

  • Author: Daryl Grayson Press
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 263
  • View: 4826
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