Search Results for "research-design-in-political-science"

Research Design in Political Science

Research Design in Political Science

How to Practice what they Preach

  • Author: T. Gschwend,F. Schimmelfennig
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230598889
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 243
  • View: 5632
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When embarking on a new research project students face the same core research design issues. This volume provides readers with practical guidelines for both qualitative and quantitative designs, discusses the typical trade-offs involved in choosing them and is rich in examples from actual research.

Research Design in Political Science

Research Design in Political Science

  • Author: Dimiter Toshkov
  • Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
  • ISBN: 1137342846
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 400
  • View: 490
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This is a comprehensive guide to contemporary research design in Political Science introducing a wide range of cutting-edge research models and examining their respective implications.

Interview Research in Political Science

Interview Research in Political Science

  • Author: Layna Mosley
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 0801467969
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 3886
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Interviews are a frequent and important part of empirical research in political science, but graduate programs rarely offer discipline-specific training in selecting interviewees, conducting interviews, and using the data thus collected. Interview Research in Political Science addresses this vital need, offering hard-won advice for both graduate students and faculty members. The contributors to this book have worked in a variety of field locations and settings and have interviewed a wide array of informants, from government officials to members of rebel movements and victims of wartime violence, from lobbyists and corporate executives to workers and trade unionists. The authors encourage scholars from all subfields of political science to use interviews in their research, and they provide a set of lessons and tools for doing so. The book addresses how to construct a sample of interviewees; how to collect and report interview data; and how to address ethical considerations and the Institutional Review Board process. Other chapters discuss how to link interview-based evidence with causal claims; how to use proxy interviews or an interpreter to improve access; and how to structure interview questions. A useful appendix contains examples of consent documents, semistructured interview prompts, and interview protocols. Contributors: Frank R. Baumgartner, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; Matthew N. Beckmann, University of California, Irvine; Jeffrey M. Berry, Tufts University; Erik Bleich, Middlebury College; Sarah M. Brooks, The Ohio State University; Melani Cammett, Brown University; Lee Ann Fujii, University of Toronto; Mary Gallagher, University of Michigan; Richard L. Hall, University of Michigan; Marie Hojnacki, Pennsylvania State University; David C. Kimball, University of Missouri, St. Louis; Beth L. Leech, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey; Julia F. Lynch, University of Pennsylvania; Cathie Jo Martin, Boston University; Lauren Maclean, Indiana University; Layna Mosley, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; Robert Pekkanen, University of Washington; William Reno, Northwestern University; Reuel R. Rogers, Northwestern University

Political Science Research in Practice

Political Science Research in Practice

  • Author: Akan Malici,Elizabeth Smith
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0415887720
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 214
  • View: 3736
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Nothing rings truer to those teaching political science research methods: students hate taking this course. Tackle the challenge and turn the standard research methods teaching model on its head with Political Science Research in Practice. Akan Malici and Elizabeth Smith engage students first with pressing political questions and then demonstrate how a researcher has gone about answering them, walking through real political science research that contributors have conducted. Through the exemplary use of survey research, experiments, field research, case studies, content analysis, interviews, document analysis, statistical research, and formal modeling, each chapter introduces students to a method of empirical inquiry through a specific topic that will spark their interest and curiosity. Each chapter shows the process of developing a research question, how and why a particular method was used, and the rewards and challenges discovered along the way. Students can better appreciate why we need a science of politics—why methods matter—with these first-hand, issue-based discussions. The following features make this an ideal teaching tool: An introductory chapter that succinctly introduces key terms in research methodology Key terms bolded throughout and defined in a glossary Broad coverage of the most important methods used in political science research and the major subfields of the discipline A companion website designed to foster online active learning An instructor's manual and testbank to help incorporate this innovative text into your syllabus and assessment.

Designing Social Inquiry

Designing Social Inquiry

Scientific Inference in Qualitative Research

  • Author: Gary King,Robert O. Keohane,Sidney Verba
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9781400821211
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 3662
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While heated arguments between practitioners of qualitative and quantitative research have begun to test the very integrity of the social sciences, Gary King, Robert Keohane, and Sidney Verba have produced a farsighted and timely book that promises to sharpen and strengthen a wide range of research performed in this field. These leading scholars, each representing diverse academic traditions, have developed a unified approach to valid descriptive and causal inference in qualitative research, where numerical measurement is either impossible or undesirable. Their book demonstrates that the same logic of inference underlies both good quantitative and good qualitative research designs, and their approach applies equally to each. Providing precepts intended to stimulate and discipline thought, the authors explore issues related to framing research questions, measuring the accuracy of data and uncertainty of empirical inferences, discovering causal effects, and generally improving qualitative research. Among the specific topics they address are interpretation and inference, comparative case studies, constructing causal theories, dependent and explanatory variables, the limits of random selection, selection bias, and errors in measurement. Mathematical notation is occasionally used to clarify concepts, but no prior knowledge of mathematics or statistics is assumed. The unified logic of inference that this book explicates will be enormously useful to qualitative researchers of all traditions and substantive fields.

Writing a Research Paper in Political Science

Writing a Research Paper in Political Science

A Practical Guide to Inquiry, Structure, and Methods

  • Author: Lisa A. Baglione
  • Publisher: CQ Press
  • ISBN: 148337615X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 224
  • View: 7024
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In Writing a Research Paper in Political Science, author Lisa Baglione breaks down the research paper into its constituent parts and shows students precisely how to complete each component. The author provides encouragement at each stage and faces pitfalls head on, giving advice and examples so that students move through each task successfully. Students are shown how to craft the right research question, find good sources and properly summarize them, operationalize concepts, design good tests for their hypotheses, and present and analyze quantitative and qualitative data. Even writing an introduction, coming up with effective headings and titles, presenting a conclusion, and the important steps of editing and revising are covered. Practical summaries, recipes for success, worksheets, exercises, and a series of handy checklists make this a must-have supplement for any writing-intensive political science course. In this Third Edition, updated sample research topics come from American government, gender studies, comparative politics, and international relations. And now, more extensive materials are available on the web, including checklists and worksheets that help students tackle each step, calendar ideas to help them complete their paper on time, and a glossary.

Cambridge Handbook of Experimental Political Science

Cambridge Handbook of Experimental Political Science

  • Author: James N. Druckman,Donald P. Green,James H. Kuklinski,Arthur Lupia
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521192129
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 562
  • View: 9212
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This volume provides the first comprehensive overview of how political scientists have used experiments to transform their field of study.

Field Experiments in Political Science and Public Policy

Field Experiments in Political Science and Public Policy

Practical Lessons in Design and Delivery

  • Author: Peter John
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1317680189
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 208
  • View: 1637
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Field experiments -- randomized controlled trials -- have become ever more popular in political science, as well as in other disciplines, such as economics, social policy and development. Policy-makers have also increasingly used randomization to evaluate public policies, designing trials of tax reminders, welfare policies and international aid programs to name just a few of the interventions tested in this way. Field experiments have become successful because they assess causal claims in ways that other methods of evaluation find hard to emulate. Social scientists and evaluators have rediscovered how to design and analyze field experiments, but they have paid much less attention to the challenges of organizing and managing them. Field experiments pose unique challenges and opportunities for the researcher and evaluator which come from working in the field. The research experience can be challenging and at times hard to predict. This book aims to help researchers and evaluators plan and manage their field experiments so they can avoid common pitfalls. It is also intended to open up discussion about the context and backdrop to trials so that these practical aspects of field experiments are better understood. The book sets out ten steps researchers can use to plan their field experiments, then nine threats to watch out for when they implement them. There are cases studies of voting and political participation, elites, welfare and employment, nudging citizens, and developing countries.

Understanding Political Science Research Methods

Understanding Political Science Research Methods

The Challenge of Inference

  • Author: Maryann Barakso,Brian Schaffner
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9781138170612
  • Category:
  • Page: 250
  • View: 9413
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This text starts by explaining the fundamental goal of good political science research--the ability to answer interesting and important questions by generating valid inferences about political phenomena. Before the text even discusses the process of developing a research question, the authors introduce the reader to what it means to make an inference and the different challenges that social scientists face when confronting this task. Only with this ultimate goal in mind will students be able to ask appropriate questions, conduct fruitful literature reviews, select and execute the proper research design, and critically evaluate the work of others. The authors' primary goal is to teach students to critically evaluate their own research designs and others' and analyze the extent to which they overcome the classic challenges to making inference: internal and external validity concerns, omitted variable bias, endogeneity, measurement, sampling, and case selection errors, and poor research questions or theory. As such, students will not only be better able to conduct political science research, but they will also be more savvy consumers of the constant flow of causal assertions that they confront in scholarship, in the media, and in conversations with others. Three themes run through Barakso, Sabet, and Schaffner's text: minimizing classic research problems to making valid inferences, effective presentation of research results, and the nonlinear nature of the research process. Throughout their academic years and later in their professional careers, students will need to effectively convey various bits of information. Presentation skills gleaned from this text will benefit students for a lifetime, whether they continue in academia or in a professional career. Several distinctive features make this book noteworthy: A common set of examples threaded throughout the text give students a common ground across chapters and expose them to a broad range of subfields in the discipline. Box features throughout the book illustrate the nonlinear, "non-textbook" reality of research, demonstrate the often false inferences and poor social science in the way the popular press covers politics, and encourage students to think about ethical issues at various stages of the research process.

Experimental Political Science

Experimental Political Science

Principles and Practices

  • Author: Bernhard Kittel,Wolfgang J. Luhan,Rebecca B. Morton
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
  • ISBN: 0230300855
  • Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Page: 280
  • View: 4693
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Experimental political science is a rapidly expanding field. This book provides an in-depth discussion of the core challenges in experimental research, written by experienced experimentalists. The common theme running through and linking the chapters is the application of experimental research in the twin fields of voting behaviour and political institutions. Topics covered include the implications of design choices on theory testing capacities and pre-implementation examination of political mechanisms, laboratory and survey experiments, the application of triangulation designs using different experimental methods, potentials of data analysis using both quantitative and qualitative methods, as well as inferences with respect to constructs, constituencies, and causal claims, in particular in the context of repeated play. The main emphasis of this book is on the implementation of principles in experimental political science and the reflection of actual practices.

Political Research Design and the Science of Politics

Political Research Design and the Science of Politics

  • Author: Christopher Olds
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9781516554669
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 186
  • View: 3778
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Political Research Design and the Science of Politics offers readers detailed information about the basic principles and nuances of developing empirical research design procedures to predict and describe political phenomena. In chronicling the predominant approaches used in empirical political research, the strengths and limitations of various research strategies are contrasted. Major controversies in contemporary political science are discussed. The volume addresses issues like the appropriate procedures involved in research transparency, and also lingering debates about the need for political science to be more accessible to both the general public and formal political actors. As a result, this volume is bound to spark informed and passionate discussion, regardless of whether the reader is a novice or veteran to political science research. By simultaneously providing in-depth substantive details and eliciting critical thinking, Political Research Design and the Science of Politics is going to stimulate a meaningful dialogue about the current state of systematic political research inquiry. Political Research Design and the Science of Politics is an excellent choice for classes that discuss research methodology and design in the field of political science or the social sciences.

Research Methods in Politics

Research Methods in Politics

  • Author: Peter Burnham,Karin Gilland Lutz,Wyn Grant,Zig Layton-Henry
  • Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
  • ISBN: 0230365566
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 384
  • View: 2845
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The second edition of this popular text provides a comprehensive introduction to the main research methods employed in the study of politics and assessment of their strengths and limitations and of ethical issues in research. It has been revised and updated throughout, and a new chapter considers the relationship between research and policy.

Political Science Research in the Middle East and North Africa

Political Science Research in the Middle East and North Africa

Methodological and Ethical Challenges

  • Author: Janine A. Clark,Francesco Cavatorta
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190882964
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 328
  • View: 2642
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"Political Research in the Middle East and North Africa focuses specifically on doing research in one of the most important regions in contemporary world politics. It is also one of the most difficult areas to do research in given the current high levels of violence, political instability, and authoritarianism that plague the region. Gathering together a large and diverse group of researchers who study the region, Janine Clark and Francesco Cavatorta's volume will serve as a foundational methods guide for young academics on how to conceive and carry out their research projects. At the same time the topics in the book provide a useful refresher to more established scholars so that their methodological training and ethical considerations keep pace with novel approaches and changing obstacles in the field. What makes this volume especially useful is its focus on methodological 'lessons learned' from the contributors' first hand experiences. Each chapter deals with the challenges of implementing qualitative and quantitative methods in the field, the real-life obstacles encountered and the possible solutions to overcoming them. It will therefore be an invaluable companion book to more standard methods books, which focus on the 'how to' of methods but are often devoid of any real discussion of the challenges of on-the-ground fieldwork."--Publisher's summary.

The Craft of Political Research

The Craft of Political Research

  • Author: W. Phillips Shively
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1351979426
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 202
  • View: 1866
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The Craft of Political Research is a non-technical introduction to research design and analysis in political science, emphasizing the choices we make when we design a research project and analyze its results. The book’s approach centers on asking an interesting research question, and then designing inquiry into the question so as to eliminate as many alternative explanations as possible. How do we develop theory, and what constitutes a good research question? How do we develop measures and gather evidence to answer a question? How do we analyze our findings? Students will be introduced to such topics as multidimensional concepts, levels of measurement, validity, reliability, random and non-random measurement error, sampling, case selection, causality, experimental and quasi-experimental design, statistical inference, and regression and correlation analysis. Throughout, the emphasis is on understanding the "back story" of analysis — why do we measure in a particular way, why do we choose one design as against another, why do we conduct our analysis as we do. Emphasizing the internal logic of research methods and the collaborative nature of the research process, the greatest strength of the book is its clarity and the large range of political science examples it provides. It works at a conceptual level, seeking an understanding of the principles that underlie techniques and the reasons that we choose them. New to this edition: Updated and international examples from the US, UK, Latin America and China amongst others, and international organizations such as the World Bank and the United Nations. New section, "Reading Political Science" reviews sources of published political research, with some broad principles for how to find good sources, and advises students on what to look for in reading a research report New section, "Gathering Accurate Information" reviews published sources of data, such as UNESCO, and offers advice about how to use such sources. It advises students on how to gather data in personal interviews and it acquaints them with publicly available data sets for secondary analysis. Online material featuring revised learning objectives for each chapter, and a new section offering projects and questions for each chapter.

Experimental Political Science and the Study of Causality

Experimental Political Science and the Study of Causality

From Nature to the Lab

  • Author: Rebecca B. Morton,Kenneth C. Williams
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139490532
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8877
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Increasingly, political scientists use the term 'experiment' or 'experimental' to describe their empirical research. One of the primary reasons for doing so is the advantage of experiments in establishing causal inferences. In this book, Rebecca B. Morton and Kenneth C. Williams discuss in detail how experiments and experimental reasoning with observational data can help researchers determine causality. They explore how control and random assignment mechanisms work, examining both the Rubin causal model and the formal theory approaches to causality. They also cover general topics in experimentation such as the history of experimentation in political science; internal and external validity of experimental research; types of experiments - field, laboratory, virtual, and survey - and how to choose, recruit, and motivate subjects in experiments. They investigate ethical issues in experimentation, the process of securing approval from institutional review boards for human subject research, and the use of deception in experimentation.

The Fundamentals of Political Science Research

The Fundamentals of Political Science Research

  • Author: Paul M. Kellstedt,Guy D. Whitten
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107245273
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6878
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The Fundamentals of Political Science Research provides an introduction to the scientific study of politics. It offers the basic tools necessary for readers to become both critical consumers and beginning producers of scientific research on politics. Professors Kellstedt and Whitten present an integrated approach to research design and empirical analyses in which researchers can develop and test causal theories. The authors use examples from political science research that students will find interesting and inspiring, and that will help them understand key concepts. The book makes technical material accessible to students who might otherwise be intimidated by mathematical examples. This revised second edition refines discussions from the first edition, with a new chapter on how to write an original research project. The second edition also contains an additional forty exercises and adds definitions for terms discussed in each chapter.

Guide to Methods for Students of Political Science

Guide to Methods for Students of Political Science

  • Author: Stephen Van Evera
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 0801454441
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 144
  • View: 1141
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Stephen Van Evera greeted new graduate students at MIT with a commonsense introduction to qualitative methods in the social sciences. His helpful hints, always warmly received, grew from a handful of memos to an underground classic primer. That primer evolved into a book of how-to information about graduate study, which is essential reading for graduate students and undergraduates in political science, sociology, anthropology, economics, and history—and for their advisers. •How should we frame, assess, and apply theories in the social sciences? "I am unpersuaded by the view that the prime rules of scientific method should differ between hard science and social science. Science is science." •A section on case studies shows novices the ropes. •Van Evera contends the realm of dissertations is often defined too narrowly “Making and testing theories are not the only games in town. . . . If everyone makes and tests theories but no one ever uses them, then what are they for?" •In "Helpful Hints on Writing a Political Science Ph.D. Dissertation," Van Evera focuses on presentation, and on broader issues of academic strategy and tactics. •Van Evera asks how political scientists should work together as a community. “All institutions and professions that face weak accountability need inner ethical rudders that define their obligations in order to stay on course."

Field Research in Political Science

Field Research in Political Science

  • Author: Diana Kapiszewski,Lauren M. MacLean,Benjamin L. Read
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107006031
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 470
  • View: 7737
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Explains how field research contributes value to political science by exploring scholars' experiences, detailing exemplary practices, and asserting key principles.

Empirical Research and Writing

Empirical Research and Writing

A Political Science Student’s Practical Guide

  • Author: Leanne C. Powner
  • Publisher: CQ Press
  • ISBN: 1483370666
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 3527
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Students can easily misstep when they first begin to do research. Leanne C. Powner’s new title Empirical Research and Writing: A Student's Practical Guide provides valuable advice and guidance on conducting and writing about empirical research. Chapter by chapter, students are guided through the key steps in the research process. Written in a lively and engaging manner and with a dose of humor, this practical text shows students exactly how to choose a research topic, conduct a literature review, make research design decisions, collect and analyze data, and then write up and present the results. The book's approachable style and just-in-time information delivery make it a text students will want to read, and its wide-ranging and surprisingly sophisticated coverage will make it an important resource for their later coursework.

Research Designs for Political Science

Research Designs for Political Science

Contrivance and Demonstration in Theory and Practice

  • Author: David A. Bositis
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 167
  • View: 2099
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Research design in political science has become too technical, mechanical, and uninvolved, argues David A. Bositis as he explains the need for an alternative design regimen that provides the means for real engagement in empirical research. Bositis’ view offers a theoretical, imaginative, manipulative, and engaging alternative approach to political science research. His text is divided into three main parts. Part 1, "Epistemological Issues in the Design of Research," introduces the work’s themes and context. Included in this discussion are research design as persuasive strategy, a critique of survey research, and a theory of contrivance and demonstration in design. In part 2, "Contrivance and Demonstration in Practice," Bositis examines the practice of design in political science, first through a discussion of the history of experimentation and then through an examination of both an integrated design and participant observation approach. Part 3 "The Politics of Research Design," offers an analysis of the politics and ethics that inform design choices. An extensive bibliography of nearly 400 entries is one of the most complete listings of experiments in political science to be found anywhere.