Search Results for "responsiblity-for-justice"

Responsibility for Justice

Responsibility for Justice

  • Author: Iris Marion Young
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 019988935X
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 224
  • View: 4431
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When the noted political philosopher Iris Marion Young died in 2006, her death was mourned as the passing of "one of the most important political philosophers of the past quarter-century" (Cass Sunstein) and as an important and innovative thinker working at the conjunction of a number of important topics: global justice; democracy and difference; continental political theory; ethics and international affairs; and gender, race and public policy. In her long-awaited Responsibility for Justice, Young discusses our responsibilities to address "structural" injustices in which we among many are implicated (but for which we not to blame), often by virtue of participating in a market, such as buying goods produced in sweatshops, or participating in booming housing markets that leave many homeless. Young argues that addressing these structural injustices requires a new model of responsibility, which she calls the "social connection" model. She develops this idea by clarifying the nature of structural injustice; developing the notion of political responsibility for injustice and how it differs from older ideas of blame and guilt; and finally how we can then use this model to describe our responsibilities to others no matter who we are and where we live. With a foreward by Martha C. Nussbaum, this last statement by a revered and highly influential thinker will be of great interest to political theorists and philosophers, ethicists, and feminist and political philosophers.

Global Challenges

Global Challenges

War, Self-Determination and Responsibility for Justice

  • Author: Iris Marion Young
  • Publisher: Polity
  • ISBN: 0745638341
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 224
  • View: 8014
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In the late twentieth century many writers and activists envisioned new possibilities of transnational cooperation toward peace and global justice. In this book Iris Marion Young aims to revive such hopes by responding clearly to what are seen as the global challenges of the modern day. Inspired by claims of indigenous peoples, the book develops a concept of self-determination compatible with stronger institutions of global regulation. It theorizes new directions for thinking about federated relationships between peoples which assume that they need not be large or symmetrical. Young argues that the use of armed force to respond to oppression should be rare, genuinely multilateral, and follow a model of law enforcement more than war. She finds that neither cosmopolitan nor nationalist responses to questions of global justice are adequate and so offers a distinctive conception of responsibility, founded on participation in social structures, to describe the obligations that both individuals and organizations have in a world of global interdependence. Young applies clear analysis and cogent moral arguments to concrete cases, including the wars against Serbia and Iraq, the meaning of the US Patriot Act, the conflict in Palestine/Israel, and working conditions in sweat shops.

Das vergessene 20. Jahrhundert

Das vergessene 20. Jahrhundert

Die Rückkehr des politischen Intellektuellen

  • Author: Tony Judt
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783596191680
  • Category:
  • Page: 475
  • View: 1369
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Theories of Justice

Theories of Justice

  • Author: Alejandra Mancilla
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351879707
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 634
  • View: 6079
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Forty years ago, in his landmark work A Theory of Justice, the American philosopher John Rawls depicted a just society as a fair system of cooperation between citizens, regarded as free and equal persons. Justice, Rawls famously claimed, is 'the first virtue of social institutions'. Ever since then, moral and political philosophers have expanded, expounded and criticized Rawls's main tenets, from perspectives as diverse as egalitarianism, left and right libertarianism and the ethics of care. This volume of essays provides a general overview of the main strands in contemporary justice theorising and features the most important and influential theories of justice from the 'post Rawlsian' era. These theories range from how to build a theory of justice and how to delineate its proper scope to the relationship between justice and equality, justice and liberty, and justice and desert. Also included is the critique of the Rawlsian paradigm, especially from feminist perspectives and from the growing strand of 'non-ideal' theory, as well as consideration of more recent developments and methodological issues.

Political Responsibility Refocused

Political Responsibility Refocused

Thinking Justice after Iris Marion Young

  • Author: Genevieve Johnson,Loralea Michaelis
  • Publisher: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 1442665777
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 184
  • View: 437
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In our highly globalized and networked society, even our most seemingly local actions can have far-reaching social, political, economic, and environmental consequences. Has this changed our moral and political obligations towards people distant from us in space and time – for instance, to generations who are not yet or no longer living, or towards those beyond the borders of our own nations? Political Responsibility Refocused explores the theoretical foundations and practical implications of individual and collective responsibility towards those who are spatially or temporally separate from us. These essays offer critical assessments of our political responsibilities on topics such as residential schools, sweatshop labour, climate change, and forms of energy generation. Inspired by the final published writings of political and social theorist Iris Marion Young, specifically her outline of a “social connection model” of political responsibility, the contributors assess whether there are practices, policies, and institutions that could meaningfully address these expanded political responsibilities.

The creation of the Ministry of Justice

The creation of the Ministry of Justice

sixth report of session 2006-07, report, together with formal minutes, oral and written evidence

  • Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Constitutional Affairs Committee
  • Publisher: The Stationery Office
  • ISBN: 9780215035608
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 47
  • View: 2202
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The creation of the Ministry of Justice made significant changes to the Lord Chancellor's responsibilities, which may affect, in practice or public perception, the core responsibility of being the guardian of judicial independence. This report looks at the way these changes were made and finds the Government underestimated the significance of the changes it announced. The lack of sufficient consultation led to a public conflict between the senior judiciary and the previous Lord Chancellor, which could have been avoided if the lessons from the way changes to the Lord Chancellor's office were announced and effected between 2003 and 2005 had been learnt.

A Treatment Manual for Justice Involved Persons with Mental Illness

A Treatment Manual for Justice Involved Persons with Mental Illness

Changing Lives and Changing Outcomes

  • Author: Robert D. Morgan,Daryl Kroner,Jeremy F. Mills
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351792687
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 186
  • View: 3879
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A Treatment Manual for Justice Involved Persons with Mental Illness comprises a comprehensive and structured treatment manual that provides clinicians a guide for treating justice involved persons with mental illness. The manual includes a treatment plan for each session with specific structured exercises (for both in-group and out of group work) designed to teach objectives each session. The program incorporates a psychosocial rehabilitation model, social learning paradigm and cognitive-behavioral model for change, although cognitive behavioral theory is more prevalent and apparent throughout the manual.

Justice, Responsibility and Reconciliation in the Wake of Conflict

Justice, Responsibility and Reconciliation in the Wake of Conflict

  • Author: Alice MacLachlan,Allen Speight
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9400752016
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 232
  • View: 4116
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What are the moral obligations of participants and bystanders during—and in the wake of –a conflict? How have theoretical understandings of justice, peace and responsibility changed in the face of contemporary realities of war? Drawing on the work of leading scholars in the fields of philosophy, political theory, international law, religious studies and peace studies, the collection significantly advances current literature on war, justice and post-conflict reconciliation. Contributors address some of the most pressing issues of international and civil conflict, including the tension between attributing individual and collective responsibility for the wrongs of war, the trade-offs made between the search for truth and demands for justice, and the conceptual intricacies of coming to understand just what is meant by ‘peace’ and ‘conflict.’ Individual essays also address concrete topics including the international criminal court, reparations, truces, political apologies, truth commissions and criminal trials, with an eye to contemporary examples from conflicts in the Middle East, Africa and North and South America.​

Department of Justice : information on the Office of Professional Responsibility's operations : report to congressional requesters

Department of Justice : information on the Office of Professional Responsibility's operations : report to congressional requesters

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: DIANE Publishing
  • ISBN: 1428970924
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5112
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Interracial Justice

Interracial Justice

Conflict and Reconciliation in Post–Civil Rights America

  • Author: Eric K. Yamamoto
  • Publisher: NYU Press
  • ISBN: 0814729452
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 352
  • View: 6804
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The United States in the twenty-first century will be a nation of so-called minorities. Shifts in the composition of the American populace necessitate a radical change in the ways we as a nation think about race relations, identity, and racial justice. Once dominated by black-white relations, discussions of race are increasingly informed by an awareness of strife among nonwhite racial groups. While white influence remains important in nonwhite racial conflict, the time has come for acknowledgment of ways communities of color sometimes clash, and their struggles to heal the resulting wounds and forge strong alliances. Melding race history, legal theory, theology, social psychology, and anecdotes, Eric K. Yamamoto offers a fresh look at race and responsibility. He tells tales of explosive conflicts and halting conciliatory efforts between African Americans and Korean and Vietnamese immigrant shop owners in Los Angeles and New Orleans. He also paints a fascinating picture of South Africa's controversial Truth and Reconciliation Commission as well as a pathbreaking Asian American apology to Native Hawaiians for complicity in their oppression. An incisive and original work by a highly respected scholar, Interracial Justice greatly advances our understanding of conflict and healing through justice in multiracial America.

British Government and Politics

British Government and Politics

  • Author: Duncan Watts
  • Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
  • ISBN: 0748654941
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 464
  • View: 9203
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This introduction tells you everything you need to know about British Government and Politics. It examines the institutions and practices and makes comparisons with the experience of other countries.

Nietzsche and Levinas

Nietzsche and Levinas

"After the Death of a Certain God"

  • Author: Jill Stauffer,Bettina Bergo
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231518536
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 288
  • View: 829
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The essays that Jill Stauffer and Bettina Bergo collect in this volume locate multiple affinities between the philosophies of Nietzsche and Levinas. Both philosophers question the nature of subjectivity and the meaning of responsibility after the "death of God." While Nietzsche poses the dilemmas of a self without a ground and of ethics at a time of cultural upheaval and demystification, Levinas wrestles with subjectivity and the sheer possibility of ethics after the Shoah. Both argue that goodness exists independently of calculative reason for Nietzsche, goodness arises in a creative act moving beyond reaction and ressentiment; Levinas argues that goodness occurs in a spontaneous response to another person. In a world at once without God and haunted by multiple divinities, Nietzsche and Levinas reject transcendental foundations for politics and work toward an alternative vision encompassing a positive sense of creation, a complex fraternity or friendship, and rival notions of responsibility. Stauffer and Bergo group arguments around the following debates, which are far from settled: What is the reevaluation of ethics (and life) that Nietzsche and Levinas propose, and what does this imply for politics and sociality? What is a human subject and what are substance, permanence, causality, and identity, whether social or ethical in the wake of the demise of God as the highest being and the foundation of what is stable in existence? Finally, how can a "God" still inhabit philosophy, and what sort of name is this in the thought of Nietzsche and Levinas?

Politics, Policy, and Government in British Columbia

Politics, Policy, and Government in British Columbia

  • Author: R. Kenneth Carty
  • Publisher: UBC Press
  • ISBN: 9780774805834
  • Category: History
  • Page: 381
  • View: 5732
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Politics, Policy, and Government in British Columbia examinesthe political life of Canada's dynamic Pacific province. Each ofthe seventeen chapters, written by well-known experts, provides anup-to-date portrait and analysis of one of the many faces of B.C.politics. Taken together they provide a clear and comprehensiveoverview of the dominant themes and issues that have been thedistinguishing features of the province's political life.

Monitoring the Government's response to court judgments finding breaches of human rights

Monitoring the Government's response to court judgments finding breaches of human rights

sixteenth report of session 2006-07, report, together with formal minutes and appendices

  • Author: Great Britain: Parliament: Joint Committee on Human Rights
  • Publisher: The Stationery Office
  • ISBN: 0104011068
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 152
  • View: 2221
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In the UK's institutional arrangements for protecting human rights, both Parliament and the judiciary have a central role. When the courts give a judgement finding that a law, policy or practice is in breach of human rights, it is for Parliament to scrutinise the adequacy of the Government's response and in some cases decide if there needs to be a change in law. An important part of the role of the Committee is to help Parliament in this function. This report brings together all their monitoring work in relation to both judgements of the European Court of Human Rights and declarations of incompatibility given by UK courts under the Human Rights Act.

Japanese War Crimes

Japanese War Crimes

The Search for Justice

  • Author: Peter Li
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • ISBN: 9781412826839
  • Category: History
  • Page: 339
  • View: 7514
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One of the most troublesome unresolved problems facing many Asian and Western countries after the Asia Pacifi c war (1931-1945) is the question of the atrocities committed by the Japanese Imperial Army throughout Asia and the Japanese governments repeated attempts to whitewash its wartime responsibilities. The psychological and physical wounds suffered by victims, their families, and relations remain unhealed after more than half a century, and the issue is now pressing. This collection, edited by Peter Li, undertakes the critical task of addressing some of the multifaceted and complex issues of Japanese war crimes, redress, and denial...".

Global Justice, Kant and the Responsibility to Protect

Global Justice, Kant and the Responsibility to Protect

A Provisional Duty

  • Author: Heather M. Roff
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135105375
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 206
  • View: 9448
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This book provides an innovative contribution to the study of the Responsibility to Protect and Kantian political theory. The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) doctrine has been heralded as the new international security norm to ensure the protection of peoples against genocide, ethnic cleansing, war crimes and crimes against humanity. Yet, for all of the discussion, endorsements and reaffirmations of this new norm, R2P continues to come under fire for its failures, particularly, and most recently, in the case of Syria. This book argues that a duty to protect is best considered a Kantian provisional duty of justice. The international system ought to be considered a state of nature, where legal institutions are either weak or absent, and so duties of justice in such a condition cannot be considered peremptory. This book suggests that by understanding the duty’s provisional status, we understand the necessity of creating the requisite executive, legislative and judicial authorities. Furthermore, the book provides three innovative contributions to the literature, study and practice of R2P and Kantian political theory: it provides detailed theoretical analysis of R2P; it addresses the research gap that exists with Kant’s account of justice in states of nature; and it presents a more comprehensive understanding of the metaphysics of justice as well as R2P. This book will be of much interest to students of the Responsibility to Protect, humanitarian intervention, global ethics, international law, security studies and international relations (IR) in general.

Justice and Responsibility—Sensitive Egalitarianism

Justice and Responsibility—Sensitive Egalitarianism

  • Author: R. Robinson
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137381248
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 102
  • View: 8922
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This text explores the place to locate the cut between those inequalities for which it is fair to hold one responsible, and those for which it is not. The argument traces a thread of intellectual history, identifying a rejection of strong property rights which we inherit from Locke, and find in contemporary defenders of entitlements such as Nozick.

Enzyklika Caritas in veritate von Papst Benedikt XVI. an die Bischöfe, an die Priester und Diakone, an die Personen gottgeweihten Lebens, an die christgläubigen Laien und an alle Menschen guten Willens über die ganzheitliche Entwicklung des Menschen in der Liebe und in der Wahrheit

Enzyklika Caritas in veritate von Papst Benedikt XVI. an die Bischöfe, an die Priester und Diakone, an die Personen gottgeweihten Lebens, an die christgläubigen Laien und an alle Menschen guten Willens über die ganzheitliche Entwicklung des Menschen in der Liebe und in der Wahrheit

  • Author: Benedikt XVI. (Papst)
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9788820982539
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 143
  • View: 1315
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