Search Results for "rethinking-secularism"

Rethinking Secularism

Rethinking Secularism

  • Author: Craig Calhoun,Mark Juergensmeyer,Jonathan VanAntwerpen
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199911304
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 328
  • View: 7067
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This collection of essays presents groundbreaking work from an interdisciplinary group of leading theorists and scholars representing the fields of history, philosophy, political science, sociology, and anthropology. The volume will introduce readers to some of the most compelling new conceptual and theoretical understandings of secularism and the secular, while also examining socio-political trends involving the relationship between the religious and the secular from a variety of locations across the globe. In recent decades, the public has become increasingly aware of the important role religious commitments play in the cultural, social, and political dynamics of domestic and world affairs. This so called ''resurgence'' of religion in the public sphere has elicited a wide array of responses, including vehement opposition to the very idea that religious reasons should ever have a right to expression in public political debate. The current global landscape forces scholars to reconsider not only once predominant understandings of secularization, but also the definition and implications of secular assumptions and secularist positions. The notion that there is no singular secularism, but rather a range of multiple secularisms, is one of many emerging efforts to reconceptualize the meanings of religion and the secular. Rethinking Secularism surveys these efforts and helps to reframe discussions of religion in the social sciences by drawing attention to the central issue of how ''the secular'' is constituted and understood. It provides valuable insight into how new understandings of secularism and religion shape analytic perspectives in the social sciences, politics, and international affairs.

Rethinking Secularism

Rethinking Secularism

  • Author: Craig Calhoun,Mark Juergensmeyer,Jonathan VanAntwerpen
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199796688
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 311
  • View: 2893
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This collection of essays examines how ''the secular'' is constituted and understood, and how new understandings of secularism and religion shape analytic perspectives in the social sciences, politics, and international affairs.

Rethinking Secularism

Rethinking Secularism

  • Author: Craig Calhoun,Mark Juergensmeyer,Jonathan VanAntwerpen
  • Publisher: OUP USA
  • ISBN: 019979667X
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 311
  • View: 2325
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This collection of essays examines how "the secular" is constituted and understood, and how new understandings of secularism and religion shape analytic perspectives in the social sciences, politics, and international affairs.

After Secularism

After Secularism

Rethinking Religion in Global Politics

  • Author: Erin K. Wilson
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
  • ISBN: 023029037X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 222
  • View: 5339
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Having destabilized dominant assumptions about the nature of religion, there is now a need to develop new ways of thinking about this ever-present phenomenon in global politics. This book outlines a new approach to understanding religion and its relationship with politics in the West and globally for International Relations.

Rethinking Secularization

Rethinking Secularization

Philosophy and the Prophecy of a Secular Age

  • Author: Gary Gabor,Herbert De Vriese
  • Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • ISBN: 1443811734
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 450
  • View: 6394
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Rethinking Secularization: Philosophy and the Prophecy of a Secular Age provides a philosophical appraisal of secularization in light of the recent re-emergence of religion in the public sphere. It explores the adequacy of classical theories of secularization, and, rooted in historical and conceptual analysis, what might be offered in their place today. Responding to the once dominant theories of a global, world-historical emancipation from an inherited religious past to a modern secular age, the volume also considers the extent to which philosophy itself has inspired and nourished such prophecies. As a result, a more sophisticated view of secularization emerges, both more interesting and complex than the simple linear process it is often thought to be. From the conceptual origins of secularity in the writings of Saints Augustine and Thomas Aquinas to the contemporary secularization theories of Hans Blumenberg, Marcel Gauchet, and Charles Taylor, Rethinking Secularization considers philosophy’s own relationship to the concept of secularization. It reflects the trend in contemporary philosophy to rethink the relation between religion and modernity, and includes systematic contributions to the debate. The book would appeal to a wide range of readers in philosophy, sociology, religious studies, and intellectual history.

The Power of Religion in the Public Sphere

The Power of Religion in the Public Sphere

  • Author: Judith Butler,Jurgen Habermas,Charles Taylor,Cornel West
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 9780231527255
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 128
  • View: 3212
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The Power of Religion in the Public Sphere represents a rare opportunity to experience a diverse group of preeminent philosophers confronting one pervasive contemporary concern: what role does or should religion play in our public lives? Reflecting on her recent work concerning state violence in Israel-Palestine, Judith Butler explores the potential of religious perspectives for renewing cultural and political criticism, while Jürgen Habermas, best known for his seminal conception of the public sphere, thinks through the ambiguous legacy of the concept of "the political" in contemporary theory. Charles Taylor argues for a radical redefinition of secularism, and Cornel West defends civil disobedience and emancipatory theology. Eduardo Mendieta and Jonathan VanAntwerpen detail the immense contribution of these philosophers to contemporary social and political theory, and an afterword by Craig Calhoun places these attempts to reconceive the significance of both religion and the secular in the context of contemporary national and international politics.

Varieties of Secularism in a Secular Age

Varieties of Secularism in a Secular Age

  • Author: Michael Warner,Jonathan VanAntwerpen,Craig J. Calhoun
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674048577
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 337
  • View: 2089
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âeoeWhat does it mean to say that we live in a secular age?âe This apparently simple question opens into the massive, provocative, and complex A Secular Age, where Charles Taylor positions secularism as a defining feature of the modern world, not the mere absence of religion, and casts light on the experience of transcendence that scientistic explanations of the world tend to neglect. In Varieties of Secularism in a Secular Age, a prominent and varied group of scholars chart the conversations in which A Secular Age intervenes and address wider questions of secularism and secularity. The distinguished contributors include Robert Bellah, José Casanova, Nilüfer Göle, William E. Connolly, Wendy Brown, Simon During, Colin Jager, Jon Butler, Jonathan Sheehan, Akeel Bilgrami, John Milbank, and Saba Mahmood. Varieties of Secularism in a Secular Age succeeds in conveying to readers the complexity of secularism while serving as an invaluable guide to a landmark book.

Secularism on the Edge

Secularism on the Edge

Rethinking Church-State Relations in the United States, France, and Israel

  • Author: J. Berlinerblau,S. Fainberg,A. Nou
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137380373
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 299
  • View: 2307
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In this dynamic and wide-ranging collection of essays, prominent scholars examine the condition of church-state relations in the United States, France, and Israel. Their analyses are rooted in a wide variety of disciplines, ranging from ethnography and demography to political science, gender studies, theology, and the law.

The Sources of Secularism

The Sources of Secularism

Enlightenment and Beyond

  • Author: Anna Tomaszewska,Hasse Hämäläinen
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319653946
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 323
  • View: 1485
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This book examines the importance of the Enlightenment for understanding the secular outlook of contemporary Western societies. It shows the new ways of thinking about religion that emerged during the 17th and 18th centuries and have had a great impact on how we address problems related to religion in the public sphere today. Based on the assumption that political concepts are rooted in historical realities, this collection combines the perspective of political philosophy with the perspective of the history of ideas. Does secularism imply that individuals are not free to manifest their beliefs in public? Is secularization the same as rejecting faith in the absolute? Can there be a universal rational core in every religion? Does freedom of expression always go hand in hand with freedom of conscience? Is secularism an invention of the predominantly Christian West, which cannot be applied in other contexts, specifically that of Muslim cultures? Answers to these and related questions are sought not only in current theories and debates in political philosophy, but also in the writings of Immanuel Kant, Benedict Spinoza, Thomas Hobbes, Anthony Collins, Adriaan Koerbagh, Abbé Claude Yvon, Giovanni Paolo Marana, and others.

An Islam of Her Own

An Islam of Her Own

Reconsidering Religion and Secularism in Women's Islamic Movements

  • Author: Sherine Hafez
  • Publisher: NYU Press
  • ISBN: 0814790720
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 208
  • View: 8533
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As the world grapples with issues of religious fanaticism, extremist politics, and rampant violence that seek justification in either OC religiousOCO or OC secularOCO discourses, women who claim Islam as a vehicle for individual and social change are often either regarded as pious subjects who subscribe to an ideology that denies them many modern freedoms, or as feminist subjects who seek empowerment only through rejecting religion and adopting secularist discourses. Such assumptions emerge from a common trend in the literature to categorize the OCysecularOCO and the OCyreligiousOCO as polarizing categories, which in turn mitigates the identities, experiences and actions of women in Islamic societies. Yet in actuality Muslim women whose activism is grounded in Islam draw equally on principles associated with secularism. In An Islam of Her Own, Sherine Hafez focuses on womenOCOs Islamic activism in Egypt to challenge these binary representations of religious versus secular subjectivities. Drawing on six non-consecutive years of ethnographic fieldwork within a women's Islamic movement in Cairo, Hafez analyzes the ways in which women who participate in Islamic activism narrate their selfhood, articulate their desires, and embody discourses in which the boundaries are blurred between the religious and the secular.

Secularism and Freedom of Conscience

Secularism and Freedom of Conscience

  • Author: Jocelyn Maclure,Charles Taylor
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674062957
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 160
  • View: 6125
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Jocelyn Maclure and Charles Taylor provide a clearly reasoned, articulate account of the two main principles of secularism—equal respect, and freedom of conscience—and argue that in our religiously diverse, politically interconnected world, secularism, properly understood, may offer the only path to religious and philosophical freedom.

Islam and Secularism in the Middle East

Islam and Secularism in the Middle East

  • Author: Azzam Tamimi,John L. Esposito
  • Publisher: NYU Press
  • ISBN: 9780814782613
  • Category: History
  • Page: 214
  • View: 4166
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The Half-Life of Policy Rationales argues that the appropriateness of policy depends on the state of technology, and that the justifications for many public policies are dissolving as technology advances. As new detection and metering technologies are being developed for highways, parking, and auto emissions, and information becomes more accessible and user-friendly, this volume argues that quality and safety are better handled by the private sector. As for public utilities, new means of producing and delivering electricity, water, postal, and telephone services dissolve the old natural-monopolies rationales of the government. This volume includes essays on marine resources, lighthouses, highways, parking, auto emissions, consumer product safety, money and banking, medical licensing, electricity, water delivery, postal service, community governance, and endangered species. The editors have mobilized the hands-on knowledge of field experts to develop theories about technology and public policy. The Half-Life of Policy Rationales will be of interest to readers in public policy, technology, property rights, and economics.

Habermas and Religion

Habermas and Religion

  • Author: Craig Calhoun,Eduardo Mendieta,Jonathan VanAntwerpen
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0745674267
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 340
  • View: 1777
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To the surprise of many readers, Jürgen Habermas has recently made religion a major theme of his work. Emphasizing both religion's prominence in the contemporary public sphere and its potential contributions to critical thought, Habermas's engagement with religion has been controversial and exciting, putting much of his own work in fresh perspective and engaging key themes in philosophy, politics and social theory. Habermas argues that the once widely accepted hypothesis of progressive secularization fails to account for the multiple trajectories of modernization in the contemporary world. He calls attention to the contemporary significance of "postmetaphysical" thought and "postsecular" consciousness - even in Western societies that have embraced a rationalistic understanding of public reason. Habermas and Religion presents a series of original and sustained engagements with Habermas's writing on religion in the public sphere, featuring new work and critical reflections from leading philosophers, social and political theorists, and anthropologists. Contributors to the volume respond both to Habermas's ambitious and well-developed philosophical project and to his most recent work on religion. The book closes with an extended response from Habermas - itself a major statement from one of today's most important thinkers.

The Politics of Secularism in International Relations

The Politics of Secularism in International Relations

  • Author: Elizabeth Shakman Hurd
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9781400828012
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 9273
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Conflicts involving religion have returned to the forefront of international relations. And yet political scientists and policymakers have continued to assume that religion has long been privatized in the West. This secularist assumption ignores the contestation surrounding the category of the "secular" in international politics. The Politics of Secularism in International Relations shows why this thinking is flawed, and provides a powerful alternative. Elizabeth Shakman Hurd argues that secularist divisions between religion and politics are not fixed, as commonly assumed, but socially and historically constructed. Examining the philosophical and historical legacy of the secularist traditions that shape European and American approaches to global politics, she shows why this matters for contemporary international relations, and in particular for two critical relationships: the United States and Iran, and the European Union and Turkey. The Politics of Secularism in International Relations develops a new approach to religion and international relations that challenges realist, liberal, and constructivist assumptions that religion has been excluded from politics in the West. The first book to consider secularism as a form of political authority in its own right, it describes two forms of secularism and their far-reaching global consequences.

Secularism

Secularism

Politics, Religion, and Freedom

  • Author: Andrew Copson
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0198809131
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 176
  • View: 4729
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Until the modern period the integration of church (or other religion) and state (or political life) had been taken for granted. The political order was always tied to an official religion in Christian Europe, pre-Christian Europe, and in the Arabic world. But from the eighteenth century onwards, some European states began to set up their political order on a different basis. Not religion, but the rule of law through non-religious values embedded in constitutions became the foundation of some states -- a movement we now call secularism. In others, a de facto secularism emerged as political values and civil and criminal law altered their professed foundation from a shared religion to a non-religious basis. Today secularism is an increasingly hot topic in public, political, and religious debate across the globe. It is embodied in the conflict between secular republics -- from the US to India -- and the challenges they face from resurgent religious identity politics; in the challenges faced by religious states like those of the Arab world from insurgent secularists; and in states like China where calls for freedom of belief are challenging a state imposed non-religious worldview. In this short introduction Andrew Copson tells the story of secularism, taking in momentous episodes in world history, such as the great transition of Europe from religious orthodoxy to pluralism, the global struggle for human rights and democracy, and the origins of modernity. He also considers the role of secularism when engaging with some of the most contentious political and legal issues of our time: "blasphemy," "apostasy," religious persecution, religious discrimination, religious schools, and freedom of belief and thought in a divided world.

Secularism and State Policies Toward Religion

Secularism and State Policies Toward Religion

The United States, France, and Turkey

  • Author: Ahmet T. Kuru
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 052151780X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 313
  • View: 2108
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Comparing policy in America, France, and Turkey, this book analyzes the impact of ideological struggles on public policies toward religion.

Restless Secularism

Restless Secularism

Modernism and the Religious Inheritance

  • Author: Matthew Mutter
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 0300221738
  • Category:
  • Page: 336
  • View: 6834
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A scholarly and deeply sensitive study that explores how religion and secularism are tightly interwoven in the major works of modernist literature Matthew Mutter provides a broad survey of modernist literature, examining key works against a background of philosophy, theology, intellectual and social history, while tracing the relationship of modernism's secular imagination to the religious cultures that both preceded and shaped it. Mutter's provocative study demonstrates how, despite their explicit desire to purify secular life of its religious residues, Wallace Stevens, Virginia Woolf, and other literary modernists consistently found themselves entangled in the religious legacies they disavowed.

The religious and the secular

The religious and the secular

studies in secularization

  • Author: David Martin
  • Publisher: Schocken
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 164
  • View: 9860
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Limiting Secularism

Limiting Secularism

The Ethics of Coexistence in Indian Literature and Film

  • Author: Priya Kumar
  • Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
  • ISBN: 145291379X
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 299
  • View: 9900
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With a backdrop of religious violence and escalating regional tensions in South Asia, Priya Kumar’s Limiting Secularism probes the urgent topic of secularism and tolerance in Indian culture and life. Kumar explores Partition as the founding trauma of the Indian nation-state and traces the consequences of its marking off of “Indian” from “Pakistani” and the positioning of Indian Muslims as strangers within the nation. Kumar unpacks the implications of the Nehruvian doctrine of tolerance-with all of its resonances of condescension and inequality-and asks whether more ethical cohabitation can replace the “arrogant compulsive tolerance” of the state and the majority. Informed by Jacques Derrida’s recent work on hospitality and living together, Kumar argues for the emergence of an “ethics of coexistence” in Indian fiction and film. Considering narratives ranging from the cosmopolitan English novels of Rushdie and Ghosh to literature in South Asian languages as well as recent Hindi cinema, Kumar demonstrates that these fictions are important resources for reimagining tolerance and coexistence. Distinctive and timely in its investigation of secularism and communalism, Limiting Secularism works to envision the radical possibilities of going beyond tolerance to living well together. Priya Kumar is associate professor of English at the University of Iowa.

Secularism in Question

Secularism in Question

Jews and Judaism in Modern Times

  • Author: Ari Joskowicz,Ethan B. Katz
  • Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
  • ISBN: 0812247272
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 424
  • View: 5072
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Recent decades have seen the strengthening of Orthodox movements in the US and in Israel; religious Zionism has grown and radically changed since the 1960s, and new and vibrant nondenominational Jewish movements have emerged. This volume examines the ways these contemporary revivals of religion prompt a reconsideration of many issues concerning Jews and Judaism from the early modern era to the present. Bringing together scholars from several disciplines, it illustrates how the categories of religious and secular have frequently proven far more permeable than fixed; challenges problematic assumptions about the development of secularism that emerge from Protestant European and American perspectives; and demonstrates that global Jewish experiences necessitate a reappraisal of conventional narratives of secularism.