Search Results for "rise-of-mass-literacy-post-empiricism-and-the-reconstruction-of-theory-and-application-reading-and-writing-in-modern-europe-themes-in-history"

The Modern Invention of Information

The Modern Invention of Information

Discourse, History, and Power

  • Author: Ronald E Day
  • Publisher: SIU Press
  • ISBN: 9780809328482
  • Category: History
  • Page: 139
  • View: 3654
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In The Modern Invention of Information: Discourse, History, and Power, Ronald E. Day provides a historically informed critical analysis of the concept and politics of information. Analyzing texts in Europe and the United States, his critical reading method goes beyond traditional historiographical readings of communication and information by engaging specific historical texts in terms of their attempts to construct and reshape history. After laying the groundwork and justifying his method of close reading for this study, Day examines the texts of two pre–World War II documentalists, Paul Otlet and Suzanne Briet. Through the work of Otlet and Briet, Day shows how documentation and information were associated with concepts of cultural progress. Day also discusses the social expansion of the conduit metaphor in the works of Warren Weaver and Norbert Wiener. He then shows how the work of contemporary French multimedia theorist Pierre Lévy refracts the earlier philosophical writings of Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari through the prism of the capitalist understanding of the “virtual society.” Turning back to the pre–World War II period, Day examines two critics of the information society: Martin Heidegger and Walter Benjamin. He explains Heidegger’s philosophical critique of the information culture’s model of language and truth as well as Benjamin’s aesthetic and historical critique of mass information and communication. Day concludes by contemplating the relation of critical theory and information, particularly in regard to the information culture’s transformation of history, historiography, and historicity into positive categories of assumed and represented knowledge.

The Interpretation of Cultures

The Interpretation of Cultures

  • Author: Clifford Geertz
  • Publisher: Basic Books
  • ISBN: 0465093566
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 576
  • View: 9200
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In The Interpretation of Cultures, the most original anthropologist of his generation moved far beyond the traditional confines of his discipline to develop an important new concept of culture. This groundbreaking book, winner of the 1974 Sorokin Award of the American Sociological Association, helped define for an entire generation of anthropologists what their field is ultimately about.

Governance Of Science

Governance Of Science

Ideology and the Future of the Open Society

  • Author: Fuller, Steve
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
  • ISBN: 0335202349
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 167
  • View: 4802
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This ground-breaking text offers a fresh perspective on the governance of science from the standpoint of social and political theory. Science has often been seen as the only institution that embodies the elusive democratic ideal of the 'open society'. Yet, science remains an elite activity that commands much more public trust than understanding, even though science has become increasingly entangled with larger political and economic issues.

Shaping Written Knowledge

Shaping Written Knowledge

The Genre and Activity of the Experimental Article in Science

  • Author: Charles Bazerman
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780299116941
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 356
  • View: 9768
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The forms taken by scientific writing help to determine the very nature of science itself. In this closely reasoned study, Charles Bazerman views the changing forms of scientific writing as solutions to rhetorical problems faced by scientists arguing for their findings. Examining such works as the early Philosophical Transactions and Newton's optical writings as well as Physical Review, Bazerman views the changing forms of scientific writing as solutions to rhetorical problems faced by scientists. The rhetoric of science is, Bazerman demonstrates, an embedded part of scientific activity that interacts with other parts of scientific activity, including social structure and empirical experience. This book presents a comprehensive historical account of the rise and development of the genre, and views these forms in relation to empirical experience.

A Good and Wise Measure

A Good and Wise Measure

The Search for the Canadian-American Boundary, 1783-1842

  • Author: Francis M. Carroll
  • Publisher: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 9780802083586
  • Category: History
  • Page: 462
  • View: 1431
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The story of the attempts to settle the original boundary between British North America and the United States. Though established by the Treaty of Paris in 1783, the boundary was plagued by ambiguities and errors in the document.

Ovid, Metamorphoses, 3.511-733

Ovid, Metamorphoses, 3.511-733

Latin Text with Introduction, Commentary, Glossary of Terms, Vocabulary Aid and Study Questions

  • Author: Ingo Gildenhard,Andrew Zissos
  • Publisher: Open Book Publishers
  • ISBN: 178374085X
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 260
  • View: 6777
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This extract from Ovid's 'Theban History' recounts the confrontation of Pentheus, king of Thebes, with his divine cousin, Bacchus, the god of wine. Notwithstanding the warnings of the seer Tiresias and the cautionary tale of a character Acoetes (perhaps Bacchus in disguise), who tells of how the god once transformed a group of blasphemous sailors into dolphins, Pentheus refuses to acknowledge the divinity of Bacchus or allow his worship at Thebes. Enraged, yet curious to witness the orgiastic rites of the nascent cult, Pentheus conceals himself in a grove on Mt. Cithaeron near the locus of the ceremonies. But in the course of the rites he is spotted by the female participants who rush upon him in a delusional frenzy, his mother and sisters in the vanguard, and tear him limb from limb. The episode abounds in themes of abiding interest, not least the clash between the authoritarian personality of Pentheus, who embodies 'law and order', masculine prowess, and the martial ethos of his city, and Bacchus, a somewhat effeminate god of orgiastic excess, who revels in the delusional and the deceptive, the transgression of boundaries, and the blurring of gender distinctions. This course book offers a wide-ranging introduction, the original Latin text, study aids with vocabulary, and an extensive commentary. Designed to stretch and stimulate readers, Gildenhard and Zissos's incisive commentary will be of particular interest to students of Latin at AS and undergraduate level. It extends beyond detailed linguistic analysis to encourage critical engagement with Ovid's poetry and discussion of the most recent scholarly thought.

Encountering Development

Encountering Development

The Making and Unmaking of the Third World

  • Author: Arturo Escobar
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 0691150451
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 290
  • View: 8839
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Originally published: 1995. Paperback reissue, with a new preface by the author.

Stalinism and Nazism

Stalinism and Nazism

Dictatorships in Comparison

  • Author: Ian Kershaw
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521565219
  • Category: History
  • Page: 369
  • View: 7996
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Several distinguished historians present the first comprehensive comparison of Nazism and Stalinism.

A History of the Modern Fact

A History of the Modern Fact

Problems of Knowledge in the Sciences of Wealth and Society

  • Author: Mary Poovey
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 9780226675251
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 419
  • View: 9049
DOWNLOAD NOW »
How did the fact become modernity's most favored unit of knowledge? How did description come to seem separable from theory in the precursors of economics and the social sciences? Mary Poovey explores these questions in A History of the Modern Fact, ranging across an astonishing array of texts and ideas from the publication of the first British manual on double-entry bookkeeping in 1588 to the institutionalization of statistics in the 1830s. She shows how the production of systematic knowledge from descriptions of observed particulars influenced government, how numerical representation became the privileged vehicle for generating useful facts, and how belief—whether figured as credit, credibility, or credulity—remained essential to the production of knowledge. Illuminating the epistemological conditions that have made modern social and economic knowledge possible, A History of the Modern Fact provides important contributions to the history of political thought, economics, science, and philosophy, as well as to literary and cultural criticism.

Theoretical Perspectives on Gender and Development

Theoretical Perspectives on Gender and Development

  • Author: Jane L. Parpart,Eudine Barriteau
  • Publisher: IDRC
  • ISBN: 9780889369108
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 215
  • View: 3340
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Theoretical Perspectives on Gender and Development demystifies the theory of gender and development and shows how it plays an important role in everyday life. It explores the evolution of gender and development theory, introduces competing theoretical frameworks and examines new and emerging debates. The focus is on the implications of theory for policy and practice, and the need to theorize gender and development to create a more egalitarian society. Classroom exercises, study questions, activities, and case studies are included. It is designed for use in both formal and nonformal educational settings.

Genealogies for the Present in Cultural Anthropology

Genealogies for the Present in Cultural Anthropology

  • Author: Bruce M. Knauft
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136661271
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 392
  • View: 1209
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In the wake of tensions between modern and postmodern sensibilities, what larger directions now emerge in cultural anthropology? In this major work, Bruce Knauft takes stock of important recent initiatives in cultural and critical theory. By combining critical reviews and ethnographic engagements with fresh readings of major figures and approaches, the work develops a larger vantage point for considering the dispersing influence of practice theories, postmodernism, cultural studies, postcolonial studies, modern/post-positive feminism, and multicultural criticisms.

Social System

Social System

  • Author: Talcott Parsons
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134927754
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 636
  • View: 4659
DOWNLOAD NOW »
First Published in 1991. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Marginal Europe

Marginal Europe

The Contribution of Marginal Lands Since the Middle Ages

  • Author: Sidney Pollard
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Art
  • Page: 327
  • View: 7447
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The momentum of the British industrial revolution arose mostly in regions poorly endowed by nature, badly located and considered backward and poor by contemporaries. Sidney Pollard examines the initially surprising contribution made by the population of these and other `marginal areas' (mountains, forests and marshes) to the economic development of Europe since the Middle Ages. He provides case studies of periods in which marginal areas took the lead in economic development, such as theDutch economy in its Golden Age, and in the British industrial revolution. The traditional perception of the populations inhabiting these regions was that they were poor, backward, and intellectually inferior; but Sidney Pollard shows how they also had certain peculiar qualities which predisposed them to initiate progress. Healthy living, freedom, a martial spirit, and the hardiness to survive in harsh conditions enabled them to contribute a unique pioneering ability to pivotal economic periods; illustrating some of the effects of geography upon the development of societies.

The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere

The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere

An Inquiry Into a Category of Bourgeois Society

  • Author: J?rgen Habermas
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0745692338
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 328
  • View: 3621
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This major work retraces the emergence and development of the Bourgeois public sphere - that is, a sphere which was distinct from the state and in which citizens could discuss issues of general interest. In analysing the historical transformations of this sphere, Habermas recovers a concept which is of crucial significance for current debates in social and political theory. Habermas focuses on the liberal notion of the bourgeois public sphere as it emerged in Europe in the early modern period. He examines both the writings of political theorists, including Marx, Mill and de Tocqueville, and the specific institutions and social forms in which the public sphere was realized. This brilliant and influential work has been widely recognized for many years as a classic of contemporary social and political thought, of interest to students and scholars throughout the social sciences and humanities.

Mobilizing Public Opinion

Mobilizing Public Opinion

Black Insurgency and Racial Attitudes in the Civil Rights Era

  • Author: Taeku Lee
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 9780226470252
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 293
  • View: 5635
DOWNLOAD NOW »
What motivates us to change our opinions during times of political protest and social unrest? To investigate this question, Taeku Lee's smartly argued book looks to the critical struggle over the moral principles, group interests, and racial animosities that defined public support for racial policies during the civil rights movement, from the late 1940s to the mid-1960s. Challenging the conventional view that public opinion is shaped by elites, Lee crafts an alternate account of the geographic, institutional, historical, and issue-specific contexts that form our political views. He finds that grassroots organizations and local protests of ordinary people pushed demands for social change into the consciousness of the general public. From there, Lee argues, these demands entered the policy agendas of political elites. Evidence from multiple sources including survey data, media coverage, historical accounts, and presidential archives animate his argument. Ultimately, Mobilizing Public Opinion is a timely, cautionary tale about how we view public opinion and a compelling testament to the potential power of ordinary citizens.

Racial Revolutions

Racial Revolutions

Antiracism and Indian Resurgence in Brazil

  • Author: Jonathan W. Warren
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 9780822327417
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 363
  • View: 7340
DOWNLOAD NOW »
DIVThe first analysis of a new phenomenon in Brazil, wherein a growing number of mestizos are asserting Indian identities, and racial politics and understandings of race formation have radically shifted. /div

Sites of Memory, Sites of Mourning

Sites of Memory, Sites of Mourning

The Great War in European Cultural History

  • Author: Jay Winter
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 113995296X
  • Category: History
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3621
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Jay Winter's powerful study of the 'collective remembrance' of the Great War offers a major reassessment of one of the critical episodes in the cultural history of the twentieth century. Dr Winter looks anew at the culture of commemoration and the ways in which communities endeavoured to find collective solace after 1918. Taking issue with the prevailing 'modernist' interpretation of the European reaction to the appalling events of 1914–18, Dr Winter instead argues that what characterised that reaction was, rather, the attempt to interpret the Great War within traditional frames of reference. Tensions arose inevitably. Sites of Memory, Sites of Mourning is a profound and moving book of seminal importance for the attempt to understand the course of European history during the first half of the twentieth century.

Education and State Formation

Education and State Formation

Europe, East Asia and the USA

  • Author: A. Green
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137341750
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 439
  • View: 426
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Education has always been a key instrument of nation-building in new states. National education systems have typically been used to assimilate immigrants; to promote established religious doctrines; to spread the standard form of national languages; and to forge national identities and national cultures. They helped construct the very subjectivities of citizenship, justifying the ways of the state to the people and the duties of the people to the state. In this second edition of his seminal and widely-acclaimed book on the origins of public education in England, France, Prussia, and the USA, Andy Green shows how education has also been used as a tool of successful state formation in the developmental states of East Asia. While human capital theories have focused on how schools and colleges supply the skills for economic growth, Green shows how the forming of citizens and national identities through education has often provided the necessary condition for both economic and social development.

The Creativity of Action

The Creativity of Action

  • Author: Hans Joas
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 9780226400440
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 336
  • View: 6597
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Hans Joas is one of the foremost social theorists in Germany today. Based on Joas’s celebrated study of George Herbert Mead, this work reevaluates the contribution of American pragmatism and European philosophical anthropology to theories of action in the social sciences. Joas also establishes direct ties between Mead’s work and approaches drawn from German traditions of philosophical anthropology. Joas argues for adding a third model of action to the two predominant models of rational and normative action—one that emphasizes the creative character of human action. This model encompasses the other two, allowing for a more comprehensive theory of action. Joas elaborates some implications of his model for theories of social movements and social change and for the status of action theory in sociology in the face of competition from theories advanced by Luhmann and Habermas. The problem of action is of crucial importance in both sociology and philosophy, and this book—already widely debated in Germany—will add fresh impetus to the lively discussions current in the English-speaking world.

Bone Wars

Bone Wars

The Excavation and Celebrity of Andrew Carnegie's Dinosaur

  • Author: Tom Rea
  • Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
  • ISBN: 9780822972587
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 4877
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Tom Rea traces the evolution of scientific thought regarding dinosaurs and reveals the deception, hostility, and sometimes outright aggression present in the early years of fossil hunting. This book details one of the most famous—and notorious—dinosaur skeletons ever discovered: Diplodocus carnegii, named after Andrew Carnegie.