Search Results for "roots-of-american-racism"

Roots of American Racism

Roots of American Racism

Essays on the Colonial Experience

  • Author: Alden T. Vaughan
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN: 0195086872
  • Category: History
  • Page: 350
  • View: 3780
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This important new collection brings together ten of Alden Vaughan's essays about race relations in the British colonies. Focusing on the variable role of cultural and racial perceptions on colonial policies for Indians and African Americans, the essays include explorations of the origins of slavery and racism in Virginia, the causes of the Puritans' war against the Pequots, and the contest between natives and colonists to win the other's allegiance by persuasion or captivity. Less controversial but equally important to understanding the racial dynamics of early America are essays on early English paradigmatic views of Native Americans, the changing Anglo-American perceptions of Indian color and character, and frontier violence in pre-Revolutionary Pennsylvania. Published here for the first time are an extensive exposé of slaveholder ideology in seventeenth-century Barbados, the second half of an essay on Puritan judicial policies for Indians, a general introduction, and headnotes to each essay. All previously published pieces have been revised to reflect recent scholarship or to address recent debates. Challenging standard interpretations while probing previously-ignored aspects of early American race relations, this convenient and provocative collection by one our most incisive commentators will be required reading for all scholars and students of early American history.

The New Jim Crow

The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

  • Author: Michelle Alexander
  • Publisher: Antje Kunstmann
  • ISBN: 3956141598
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 352
  • View: 1863
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Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

"We Hold These Truths to be Self-evident-- "

An Interdisciplinary Analysis of the Roots of Racism and Slavery in America

  • Author: Kenneth N. Addison
  • Publisher: University Press of America
  • ISBN: 0761843299
  • Category: History
  • Page: 492
  • View: 9397
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It is one of America's most beloved national parks, and now you can make visiting it even better. Give your kids the Yosemite Activity Book for hours of fun! From mazes and word finds to maps and pictures to color, it's a great way to learn about the area and is ideal for car rides and quiet time.

Racist America

Racist America

Roots, Current Realities, and Future Reparations

  • Author: Joe R. Feagin
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134487363
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 391
  • View: 4628
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This third edition of Joe R. Feagin’s Racist America is significantly revised and updated, with an eye toward racism issues arising regularly in our contemporary era. This edition incorporates more than two hundred recent research studies and reports on U.S. racial issues that update and enhance all the last edition’s chapters. It expands the discussion and data on concepts such as the white racial frame and systemic racism from research studies by Feagin and his colleagues. The author has further polished the book to make it yet more readable for undergraduates, including eliminating repetitive materials, adding headings and more cross-referencing, and adding new examples, anecdotes, and narratives about contemporary racism.

The Origins of African American Literature, 1680-1865

The Origins of African American Literature, 1680-1865

  • Author: Dickson D. Bruce, Jr.
  • Publisher: University of Virginia Press
  • ISBN: 0813921937
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 374
  • View: 9542
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From the earliest texts of the colonial period to works contemporary with Emancipation, African American literature has been a dialogue across color lines, and a medium through which black writers have been able to exert considerable authority on both sides of that racial demarcation. Dickson D. Bruce argues that contrary to prevailing perceptions of African American voices as silenced and excluded from American history, those voices were loud and clear. Within the context of the wider culture, these writers offered powerful, widely read, and widely appreciated commentaries on American ideals and ambitions. The Origins of African American Literature provides strong evidence to demonstrate just how much writers engaged in a surprising number of dialogues with society as a whole. Along with an extensive discussion of major authors and texts, including Phillis Wheatley's poetry, Frederick Douglass's Narrative, Harriet Jacobs' Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, and Martin Delany's Blake, Bruce explores less-prominent works and writers as well, thereby grounding African American writing in its changing historical settings. The Origins of African American Literature is an invaluable revelation of the emergence and sources of the specifically African American literary tradition and the forces that helped shape it.

We were eight years in power

We were eight years in power

Eine amerikanische Tragödie

  • Author: Ta-Nehisi Coates
  • Publisher: Hanser Berlin
  • ISBN: 3446259805
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 416
  • View: 2606
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Mit Barack Obama sollte die amerikanische Gesellschaft ihren jahrhundertealten Rassismus überwinden. Am Ende seiner Amtszeit zerschlugen sich die Reste dieser Hoffnung mit der Machtübernahme Donald Trumps, den Ta-Nehisi Coates als "Amerikas ersten weißen Präsidenten" bezeichnet: ein Mann, dessen politische Existenz in der Abgrenzung zu Obama besteht. Coates zeichnet ein bestechend kluges und leidenschaftliches Porträt der Obama-Ära und ihres Vermächtnisses – ein essenzielles Werk zum Verständnis der Vergangenheit, Gegenwart und Zukunft der USA, von einem Autor, dessen eigene Geschichte jener acht Jahre von einem Arbeitsamt in Harlem bis ins Oval Office führte, wo er den Präsidenten interviewte.

Nigger Heaven

Nigger Heaven

Roman

  • Author: Carl van Vechten
  • Publisher: Metrolit
  • ISBN: 3849300099
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 271
  • View: 959
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Als Nigger Heaven 1926 erschien, verursachte das Buch einen handfesten Skandal und wurde zum meist diskutierten Roman der Saison. Im Mittelpunkt steht ein junges Paar, eine Bibliothekarin und ein Möchtegern-Schriftsteller, gefangen im Tauziehen zwischen ihren Ambitionen, dem latenten Rassismus und den Versprechungen der afroamerikanischen Kultur Harlems. Van Vechten entführt den Leser in die Clubs und Bars und auf die Straßen Harlems. Er erzählt von der afroamerikanischen Kultur, ihrer Musik und Kunst und beschreibt die Lebensfreude und die Ausschweifungen der schwarzen Intellektuellen und der davon magisch angezogenen weißen Boheme.

Slavery and the Culture of Taste

Slavery and the Culture of Taste

  • Author: Simon Gikandi
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400840112
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 392
  • View: 3296
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It would be easy to assume that, in the eighteenth century, slavery and the culture of taste--the world of politeness, manners, and aesthetics--existed as separate and unequal domains, unrelated in the spheres of social life. But to the contrary, Slavery and the Culture of Taste demonstrates that these two areas of modernity were surprisingly entwined. Ranging across Britain, the antebellum South, and the West Indies, and examining vast archives, including portraits, period paintings, personal narratives, and diaries, Simon Gikandi illustrates how the violence and ugliness of enslavement actually shaped theories of taste, notions of beauty, and practices of high culture, and how slavery's impurity informed and haunted the rarified customs of the time. Gikandi focuses on the ways that the enslavement of Africans and the profits derived from this exploitation enabled the moment of taste in European--mainly British--life, leading to a transformation of bourgeois ideas regarding freedom and selfhood. He explores how these connections played out in the immense fortunes made in the West Indies sugar colonies, supporting the lavish lives of English barons and altering the ideals that defined middle-class subjects. Discussing how the ownership of slaves turned the American planter class into a new aristocracy, Gikandi engages with the slaves' own response to the strange interplay of modern notions of freedom and the realities of bondage, and he emphasizes the aesthetic and cultural processes developed by slaves to create spaces of freedom outside the regimen of enforced labor and truncated leisure. Through a close look at the eighteenth century's many remarkable documents and artworks, Slavery and the Culture of Taste sets forth the tensions and contradictions entangling a brutal practice and the distinctions of civility.

The Heathen School

The Heathen School

A Story of Hope and Betrayal in the Age of the Early Republic

  • Author: John Demos
  • Publisher: Vintage
  • ISBN: 0385351666
  • Category: History
  • Page: 352
  • View: 5984
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Longlisted for the 2014 National Book Award The astonishing story of a unique missionary project—and the America it embodied—from award-winning historian John Demos. Near the start of the nineteenth century, as the newly established United States looked outward toward the wider world, a group of eminent Protestant ministers formed a grand scheme for gathering the rest of mankind into the redemptive fold of Christianity and “civilization.” Its core element was a special school for “heathen youth” drawn from all parts of the earth, including the Pacific Islands, China, India, and, increasingly, the native nations of North America. If all went well, graduates would return to join similar projects in their respective homelands. For some years, the school prospered, indeed became quite famous. However, when two Cherokee students courted and married local women, public resolve—and fundamental ideals—were put to a severe test. The Heathen School follows the progress, and the demise, of this first true melting pot through the lives of individual students: among them, Henry Obookiah, a young Hawaiian who ran away from home and worked as a seaman in the China Trade before ending up in New England; John Ridge, son of a powerful Cherokee chief and subsequently a leader in the process of Indian “removal”; and Elias Boudinot, editor of the first newspaper published by and for Native Americans. From its birth as a beacon of hope for universal “salvation,” the heathen school descends into bitter controversy, as American racial attitudes harden and intensify. Instead of encouraging reconciliation, the school exposes the limits of tolerance and sets off a chain of events that will culminate tragically in the Trail of Tears. In The Heathen School, John Demos marshals his deep empathy and feel for the textures of history to tell a moving story of families and communities—and to probe the very roots of American identity. From the Hardcover edition.

Roots of Disorder

Roots of Disorder

Race and Criminal Justice in the American South, 1817-80

  • Author: Christopher Waldrep
  • Publisher: University of Illinois Press
  • ISBN: 9780252067327
  • Category: History
  • Page: 267
  • View: 531
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Every white southerner understood what keeping African Americans down meant and what it did not mean. It did not mean going to court; it did not mean relying on the law. It meant vigilante violence and lynching.Looking at Vicksburg, Mississippi, Roots of Disorder traces the origins of these terrible attitudes to the day-to-day operations of local courts. In Vicksburg, white exploitation of black labor through slavery evolved into efforts to use the law to define blacks' place in society, setting the stage for widespread tolerance of brutal vigilantism. Fed by racism and economics, whites' extralegal violence grew in a hothouse of more general hostility toward law and courts. Roots of Disorder shows how the criminal justice system itself plays a role in shaping the attitudes that encourage vigilantism.

The Challenge of American History

The Challenge of American History

  • Author: Louis P. Masur
  • Publisher: JHU Press
  • ISBN: 9780801862229
  • Category: History
  • Page: 331
  • View: 7070
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In The Challenge of American History, Louis Masur brings together a sampling of recent scholarship to determine the key issues preoccupying historians of American history and to contemplate the discipline's direction for the future. The fifteen summary essays included in this volume allow professional historians, history teachers, and students to grasp in a convenient and accessible form what historians have been writing about.

The Invention of the White Race

The Invention of the White Race

  • Author: Theodore W. Allen
  • Publisher: Verso
  • ISBN: 9781859840764
  • Category: History
  • Page: 372
  • View: 3435
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On the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in 1963, Martin Luther King declared his dream of a racially integrated, non-discriminatory American society. Some three centuries before, that dream had in many ways been reality, since white skin privilege was recognized neither in law nor in the social practices of the laboring classes. But by the early decades of the eighteenth century, racial oppression would be the norm in the plantation colonies, and African Americans would continue to suffer under its yoke for more than two centuries. In this second volume of his acclaimed study of the origins of racial oppression, Theodore Allen explores the ways in which African bond-laborers were turned into chattel slaves and were differentiated from their fellow proletarians of European origin. Rocked by the solidarity across racial lines exhibited by the rebellious laboring classes in the wake of the famous Bacon's Rebellion, the plantation bourgeoisie sought a solution to its labor problems in the creation of a buffer social control stratum of poor whites, who enjoyed little enough privilege in colonial society beyond that of their skin color, which protected them from the enslavement visited upon Africans and African Americans. Such was, as Allen puts it, "the invention of the white race," that "peculiar institution" which continues to haunt social relations in the US down to the present. Allen's two volumes are essential reading for students of US history and politics.

Der Kater mit Hut

Der Kater mit Hut

  • Author: Dr. Seuss,Theodor Seuss Geisel
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783492240789
  • Category: Bilderbuch
  • Page: 75
  • View: 3099
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Two children sitting at home on a rainy day are visited by the Cat in the Hat who shows them some tricks and games.

The Texture of Contact

The Texture of Contact

European and Indian Settler Communities on the Frontiers of Iroquoia, 1667-1783

  • Author: David L. Preston
  • Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
  • ISBN: 0803225490
  • Category: History
  • Page: 408
  • View: 5044
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The Texture of Contact is a landmark study of Iroquois and European communities and coexistence in eastern North America before the American Revolution. David L. Preston details the ways in which European and Iroquois settlers on the frontiers creatively adapted to each other’s presence, weaving webs of mutually beneficial social, economic, and religious relationships that sustained the peace for most of the eighteenth century. Drawing on a wealth of previously unexamined archival research, Preston describes everyday encounters between Europeans and Indians along the frontiers of the Iroquois Confederacy in the St. Lawrence, Mohawk, Susquehanna, and Ohio valleys. Homesteads, taverns, gristmills, churches, and markets were frequent sites of intercultural exchange and negotiation. Complex diplomatic and trading relationships developed as a result of European and Iroquois settlers bartering material goods. Innovative land-sharing arrangements included the common practice of Euroamerican farmers living as tenants of the Mohawks, sometimes for decades. This study reveals that the everyday lives of Indians and Europeans were far more complex and harmonious than past histories have suggested. Preston’s nuanced comparisons between various settlements also reveal the reasons why peace endured in the Mohawk and St. Lawrence valleys while warfare erupted in the Susquehanna and Ohio valleys. One of the most comprehensive studies of eighteenth-century Iroquois history, The Texture of Contact broadens our understanding of eastern North America’s frontiers and the key role that the Iroquois played in shaping that world.

The Brave New World

The Brave New World

A History of Early America

  • Author: Peter Charles Hoffer
  • Publisher: JHU Press
  • ISBN: 9780801884832
  • Category: History
  • Page: 533
  • View: 1617
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Wide-ranging in scope, inclusive in content, the revised edition of The Brave New World continues to provide professors, students, and historians with an engaging and accessible history of early North America.

Ideas of Race: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Ideas of Race: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

  • Author: Oxford University Press
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780199808441
  • Category: History
  • Page: 36
  • View: 3719
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This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of the ancient world find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated. This ebook is just one of many articles from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Atlantic History, a continuously updated and growing online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through the scholarship and other materials relevant to the study of Atlantic History, the study of the transnational interconnections between Europe, North America, South America, and Africa, particularly in the early modern and colonial period. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.oxfordbibliographies.com.