Search Results for "scientific-cosmology-and-international-orders"

Scientific Cosmology and International Orders

Scientific Cosmology and International Orders

  • Author: Bentley B. Allan
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1108416616
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 2658
DOWNLOAD NOW »
A history of how scientific ideas have transformed international politics since 1550.

Scientific Cosmology and International Orders

Scientific Cosmology and International Orders

  • Author: Bentley B. Allan
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 110827143X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 362
  • View: 5941
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Scientific Cosmology and International Orders shows how scientific ideas have transformed international politics since 1550. Allan argues that cosmological concepts arising from Western science made possible the shift from a sixteenth century order premised upon divine providence to the present order centred on economic growth. As states and other international associations used scientific ideas to solve problems, they slowly reconfigured ideas about how the world works, humanity's place in the universe, and the meaning of progress. The book demonstrates the rise of scientific ideas across three cases: natural philosophy in balance of power politics, 1550–1815; geology and Darwinism in British colonial policy and international colonial orders, 1860–1950; and cybernetic-systems thinking and economics in the World Bank and American liberal order, 1945–2015. Together, the cases trace the emergence of economic growth as a central end of states from its origins in colonial doctrines of development and balance of power thinking about improvement.

Scientific Cosmology and International Orders

Scientific Cosmology and International Orders

  • Author: Bentley B. Allan
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1108265979
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9713
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Scientific Cosmology and International Orders shows how scientific ideas have transformed international politics since 1550. Allan argues that cosmological concepts arising from Western science made possible the shift from a sixteenth century order premised upon divine providence to the present order centred on economic growth. As states and other international associations used scientific ideas to solve problems, they slowly reconfigured ideas about how the world works, humanity's place in the universe, and the meaning of progress. The book demonstrates the rise of scientific ideas across three cases: natural philosophy in balance of power politics, 1550–1815; geology and Darwinism in British colonial policy and international colonial orders, 1860–1950; and cybernetic-systems thinking and economics in the World Bank and American liberal order, 1945–2015. Together, the cases trace the emergence of economic growth as a central end of states from its origins in colonial doctrines of development and balance of power thinking about improvement.

Ordering the Heavens

Ordering the Heavens

Roman Astronomy and Cosmology in the Carolingian Renaissance

  • Author: Bruce Eastwood
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004161864
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 452
  • View: 977
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Based on scores of medieval manuscript texts and diagrams, the book shows how Roman sources were used in the age of Charlemagne to reintroduce and expand a qualitative picture of articulated geometrical order in the heavens.

Science and Religion in Search of Cosmic Purpose

Science and Religion in Search of Cosmic Purpose

  • Author: John F. Haught
  • Publisher: Georgetown University Press
  • ISBN: 9781589014114
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 156
  • View: 1178
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Many scientists today think of the universe as essentially purposeless. Likewise, modern and postmodern philosophers have often been suspicious of any religious claims that the natural world embodies and eternal meaning or teleology. Not all scientific thinkers subscribe to this cosmic pessimism, however, and some would even argue that contemporary knowledge is consistent with a religious sense of cosmic purpose. This stimulating book offers candid reflections on the question of cosmic purpose written both by prominent scientists and by scholars representing the world's religious traditions. Examining the issue from a wide variety of perspectives, this is the only current book to deal with cosmic purpose from an interreligious and interdisciplinary perspective. Here scientists such as physicist Andrei Linde and biologist Francisco Ayala come face to face with Islamic scholar Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Hindu philosopher Anindita Niyogi Balslev, and others. They examine such perplexing issues as the possible existence of multiple universes and the implications of seemingly purposive features in life. The contributions address the question of whether a religiously-based notion of a purposeful cosmos is consistent with the latest scientific understanding of nature, and whether theology can affirm the presence of divine action without contradicting science. These essays will challenge readers to ponder their own place in the cosmos as they seek to interpret the visions of the world's great spiritual traditions in the light of natural science.

Making Identity Count

Making Identity Count

Towards an Intersubjective Great Power National Identity Database, 1810-2010

  • Author: Bentley B. Allan
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 019025548X
  • Category: Constructivism (Philosophy)
  • Page: 264
  • View: 4275
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Constructivism, despite being one of the three main streams of IR theory, along with realism and liberalism, is rarely, if ever, tested in large-n quantitative work. Constructivists almost unanimously eschew quantitative approaches, assuming that variables of interest to constructivists, defy quantification. Quantitative scholars mostly ignore constructivist variables as too fuzzy and vague. And the rare instances in which quantitative scholars have operationalized identity as a variable, they have unfortunately realized all the constructivists' worst fears about reducing national identity to a single measure, such as language, religion, or ethnicity, thereby violating one of the foundational assumptions of constructivism: intersubjectivity. Making Identity Count presents a new method for the recovery of national identity, applies the method in 9 country cases, and draws conclusions from the empirical evidence for hegemonic transitions and a variety of quantitative theories of identity. Ted Hopf and Bentley B. Allan make the constructivist variable of national identity a valid measure that can be used by large-n International Relations scholars in a variety of ways. They lay out what is wrong with how identity has been conceptualized, operationalized and measured in quantitative IR so far and specify a methodological approach that allows scholars to recover the predominant national identities of states in a more valid and systematic fashion. The book includes "national identity reports" on China, the US, UK, Germany, France, Brazil, Japan, and India to both test the authors' method and demonstrate the promise of the approach. Hopf and Allan use these data to test a constructivist hypothesis about the future of Western neoliberal democratic hegemony. Finally, the book concludes with an assessment of the method, including areas of possible improvement, as well as a description of what an intersubjective national identity data base of great powers from 1810-2010 could mean for IR scholarship.

Higher Speculations

Higher Speculations

Grand Theories and Failed Revolutions in Physics and Cosmology

  • Author: Helge Kragh
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199599882
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 411
  • View: 6519
DOWNLOAD NOW »
A comprehensive account of highly ambitious attempts to understand nature in its totality, this book covers little known 'theories of everything' from the past as well as modern developments such as the theory of superstrings, the anthropic principle and ideas of many universes. These theories are presented in their historical contexts and used to problematize the limits of scientific knowledge. Do claims of theories of everything belong to science at all? Whichare the epistemic standards on which an alleged scientific theory of the universe - or the multiverse - is to be judged? Such questions are currently being discussed by physicists and cosmologists, butrarely within a historical perspective.

Race and the Cosmos

Race and the Cosmos

An Invitation to View the World Differently

  • Author: Barbara A. Holmes
  • Publisher: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 9781563383779
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 188
  • View: 6431
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Argues that theoretical physics and cosmology can provide a key to overcoming race-related problems, explaining how they enable a means for discussing individual and communal quests for fulfillment beyond racial, ethnic, class, and sexual barriers. Original.

An Introduction to Modern Cosmology

An Introduction to Modern Cosmology

  • Author: Andrew Liddle
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118690257
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 200
  • View: 5817
DOWNLOAD NOW »
An Introduction to Modern Cosmology Third Edition is an accessible account of modern cosmological ideas. The Big Bang Cosmology is explored, looking at its observational successes in explaining the expansion of the Universe, the existence and properties of the cosmic microwave background, and the origin of light elements in the universe. Properties of the very early Universe are also covered, including the motivation for a rapid period of expansion known as cosmological inflation. The third edition brings this established undergraduate textbook up-to-date with the rapidly evolving observational situation. This fully revised edition of a bestseller takes an approach which is grounded in physics with a logical flow of chapters leading the reader from basic ideas of the expansion described by the Friedman equations to some of the more advanced ideas about the early universe. It also incorporates up-to-date results from the Planck mission, which imaged the anisotropies of the Cosmic Microwave Background radiation over the whole sky. The Advanced Topic sections present subjects with more detailed mathematical approaches to give greater depth to discussions. Student problems with hints for solving them and numerical answers are embedded in the chapters to facilitate the reader’s understanding and learning. Cosmology is now part of the core in many degree programs. This current, clear and concise introductory text is relevant to a wide range of astronomy programs worldwide and is essential reading for undergraduates and Masters students, as well as anyone starting research in cosmology. Supplementary material, including full-colour images, updates and links for students and instructors, is available on the author’s website: http://www.roe.ac.uk/~arl/.

Physics and Cosmology

Physics and Cosmology

Scientific Perspectives on the Problem of Natural Evil

  • Author: Nancey C. Murphy,Robert J. Russell,William R. Stoeger
  • Publisher: From the Vatican Observatory F
  • ISBN: 9788820979591
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 367
  • View: 6610
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The essays in Physics and Cosmology: Scientific Perspectives on the Problem of Natural Evil resulted from the seventh international research conference co-sponsored by the Vatican Observatory Foundation and the Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences. It is the first in a new series on the problem of natural evil--on reconciling suffering caused by natural processes with God's goodness. The editors have divided this volume into four sections. The first includes history of the issue and a critical analysis of how the history has often been understood, followed by two chapters that provide typologies: one of types of suffering, the other of the various "shapes" of defenses. The second section comprises chapters that address the problem of suffering head-on, with resources from science, theology, and philosophy. The third section contains essays that address the issue by offering reformulations of typical understandings of the relation between God and the world. Finally, essays in the fourth section claim, in one way or another, that the question of the volume needs to be reframed.Contributors: Niels Christian Hvidt, Terrence W. Tilley, Wesley J. Wildman, Christopher Southgate, Andrew Robinson, William R. Stoeger, S.J., Robert John Russell, Nancey Murphy, Thomas F. Tracy, Philip Clayton, Steven Knapp, Kirk Wegter-McNelly, Denis Edwards, Brad J. Kallenberg, and Don Howard.

The Philosophy of Cosmology

The Philosophy of Cosmology

  • Author: Khalil Chamcham,Joseph Silk,John D. Barrow,Simon Saunders
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107145392
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 544
  • View: 6318
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Following a long-term international collaboration between leaders in cosmology and the philosophy of science, this volume addresses foundational questions at the limit of science across these disciplines, questions raised by observational and theoretical progress in modern cosmology. Space missions have mapped the Universe up to its early instants, opening up questions on what came before the Big Bang, the nature of space and time, and the quantum origin of the Universe. As the foundational volume of an emerging academic discipline, experts from relevant fields lay out the fundamental problems of contemporary cosmology and explore the routes toward finding possible solutions. Written for graduates and researchers in physics and philosophy, particular efforts are made to inform academics from other fields, as well as the educated public, who wish to understand our modern vision of the Universe, related philosophical questions, and the significant impacts on scientific methodology.

Science and the Reenchantment of the Cosmos

Science and the Reenchantment of the Cosmos

The Rise of the Integral Vision of Reality

  • Author: Ervin Laszlo
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN: 1594776512
  • Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
  • Page: 224
  • View: 6477
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Presents a revolutionary new theory that bridges the divide between science and spirituality • Discloses the ramifications of non-localized consciousness and how the physical world and spiritual experience are two aspects of the same reality • Includes contributions from Jane Goodall, Ed Mitchell, Stanislav Grof, Ralph Abraham, and Christian de Quincy, among others What scientists are now finding at the outermost frontiers of every field is overturning all the basic premises concerning the nature of matter and reality. The universe is not a world of separate things and events but is a cosmos that is connected, coherent, and bears a profound resemblance to the visions held in the earliest spiritual traditions in which the physical world and spiritual experience were both aspects of the same reality and man and the universe were one. The findings that justify this new vision of the underlying logic of the universe come from almost all of the empirical sciences: physics, cosmology, the life sciences, and consciousness research. They explain how interactions lead to interconnections that produce instantaneous and multifaceted coherence--what happens to one part also happens to the other parts, and hence to the system as a whole. The sense of sacred oneness experienced by our ancestors that was displaced by the unyielding material presumptions of modern science can be restored, and humanity can once again feel at home in the universe.

The Cosmic Machine

The Cosmic Machine

The Science That Runs Our Universe and the Story Behind It

  • Author: Scott Bembenek
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780997934106
  • Category:
  • Page: 358
  • View: 3610
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Energy, Entropy, Atoms, and Quantum Mechanics form the very foundation of our universe. But how do they govern the world we live in? What was the difficult path to their discovery? Who were the key players that struggled to shape our current understanding? "The Cosmic Machine" takes you from the earliest scientific inquiries in human history on an exciting journey in search of the answers to these questions. In telling this fascinating story of science, the author Scott Bembenek masterfully guides you through the wonderment of how scientific discoveries (and the key players of those discoveries) shaped the world as we know it today. With its unique blend of science, history, and biographies, "The Cosmic Machine" provides an easily accessible account without sacrificing the actual science itself. Not only will this book engage, enlighten, and entertain you, it will inspire your passion and curiosity for the world around us.

Gravitation, Cosmology, and Cosmic-Ray Physics

Gravitation, Cosmology, and Cosmic-Ray Physics

  • Author: Panel on Gravitation, Cosmology, and Cosmic-Ray Physics,Physics Survey Committee,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Research Council
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 0309568072
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 165
  • View: 2557
DOWNLOAD NOW »

Cosmology

Cosmology

  • Author: Steven Weinberg
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0198526822
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 593
  • View: 780
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This is a uniquely comprehensive and detailed treatment of the theoretical and observational foundations of modern cosmology, by a Nobel Laureate in Physics. It gives up-to-date and self contained accounts of the theories and observations that have made the past few decades a golden age of cosmology.

Stardust

Stardust

  • Author: John Gribbin,John R. Gribbin,Mary Gribbin
  • Publisher: Allan Lane
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Cosmochemistry
  • Page: 198
  • View: 8051
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Life begins with the process of star formation. Except for hydrogen, every single atom of every single element in our bodies has been manufactured inside stars and then scattered across the universe in great stellar explosions known as supernovas, only then to be recycled as part of us. The hydrogen is primordial material, produced in the Big Bang, but everything else has been built up in the burning hearts of stars. We are made of stardust.

The History of Cosmology and a Theory of Everything

The History of Cosmology and a Theory of Everything

  • Author: Magdy Rabie Sanad
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9781910889558
  • Category: Cosmology
  • Page: 280
  • View: 1945
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The history of cosmology is interesting and full of important and significant visions, thoughts, results and important conclusions from the Greek world view to our present time. The main aim of this book is to present as possible as a comprehensive vision and a complete investigation of the development of the science of cosmology.

Physics, Cosmology and Astronomy, 1300–1700: Tension and Accommodation

Physics, Cosmology and Astronomy, 1300–1700: Tension and Accommodation

  • Author: Sabetai Unguru
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401133425
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 327
  • View: 536
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Habent sua Jata colloquia. The present volume has its ongms in a spring 1984 international workshop held, under the auspices of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, by The Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Ideas of Tel-Aviv University in cooperation with The Van Leer Jerusalem Foundation. It contains twelve of the twenty papers presented at the workshop by the twenty-six participants. As Proceedings of conferences go, it is a good representative of the genre, sharing in the main characteristics of its ilk. It may even be one of the rare instances of a book of Proceed ings whose descriptive title applies equally well to the workshop's topic and to the interrelations between. the various papers it includes. Tension and Accommodation are the key words. Thus, while John Glucker's paper, 'Images of Plato in Late Antiqu ity,' raises, by means of the Platonic example, the problem of interpreta tion of ancient texts, suggesting the assignment of proper weight to the creator of the tradition and not only to his many later interpreters in assessing the proper relationship between originator and commentators, Abraham Wasserstein's 'Hunches that did not come off: Some Prob lems in Greek Science' illustrates the long-lived Whiggish tradition in the history of science and mathematics. As those familiar with my work will undoubtedly note, Wasserstein's position is far removed from my stance on ancient Greek mathematics.

Losing the Nobel Prize

Losing the Nobel Prize

A Story of Cosmology, Ambition, and the Perils of Science's Highest Honor

  • Author: Brian Keating
  • Publisher: W. W. Norton
  • ISBN: 9781324000914
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 352
  • View: 5249
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The inside story of a quest to unlock one of cosmology's biggest mysteries, derailed by the lure of the Nobel Prize.

Starry Reckoning: Reference and Analysis in Mathematics and Cosmology

Starry Reckoning: Reference and Analysis in Mathematics and Cosmology

  • Author: Emily Rolfe Grosholz
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319466909
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 187
  • View: 2274
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book deals with a topic that has been largely neglected by philosophers of science to date: the ability to refer and analyze in tandem. On the basis of a set of philosophical case studies involving both problems in number theory and issues concerning time and cosmology from the era of Galileo, Newton and Leibniz up through the present day, the author argues that scientific knowledge is a combination of accurate reference and analytical interpretation. In order to think well, we must be able to refer successfully, so that we can show publicly and clearly what we are talking about. And we must be able to analyze well, that is, to discover productive and explanatory conditions of intelligibility for the things we are thinking about. The book’s central claim is that the kinds of representations that make successful reference possible and those that make successful analysis possible are not the same, so that significant scientific and mathematical work typically proceeds by means of a heterogeneous discourse that juxtaposes and often superimposes a variety of kinds of representation, including formal and natural languages as well as more iconic modes. It demonstrates the virtues and necessity of heterogeneity in historically central reasoning, thus filling an important gap in the literature and fostering a new, timely discussion on the epistemology of science and mathematics.