Search Results for "secrecy"

Secrecy and Concealment

Secrecy and Concealment

Studies in the History of Mediterranean and Near Eastern Religions

  • Author: Hans Hans Gerhard Kippenberg,Guy G. Stroumsa
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9789004102354
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 406
  • View: 7202
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The volume addresses a neglected subject: secrecy and concealment as a means of creating identity and establishing social interaction. For the first time well known historians of mediterranean religions reveal the practical competence of notions of concealment and describe the fundamental differences between polytheistic and monotheistic systems.

Secrecy

Secrecy

The American Experience

  • Author: Daniel Patrick Moynihan
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 9780300080797
  • Category: History
  • Page: 262
  • View: 8772
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Traces the development of secrecy as a government policy over the twentieth century and its adverse effects on Cold War policy making

The Genesis of Secrecy

The Genesis of Secrecy

On the Interpretation of Narrative

  • Author: Frank Kermode
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674345355
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 169
  • View: 4456
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Analyzes in detail the gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John to understand how meaning is concealed and how it is revealed

The Torment of Secrecy

The Torment of Secrecy

The Background and Consequences of American Secruity Policies

  • Author: Edward Shils
  • Publisher: Ivan R. Dee
  • ISBN: 1461720605
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 259
  • View: 6008
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Edward Shils's The Torment of Secrecy is one of the few minor classics to emerge from the cold war years of anticommunism and McCarthyism in the United States. Mr. Shils's "torment" is not only that of the individual caught up in loyalty and security procedures; it is also the torment of the accuser and judge. This essay in sociological analysis and political philosophy considers the cold war preoccupation with espionage, sabotage, and subversion at home, assessing the magnitude of such threats and contrasting it to the agitation—by lawmakers, investigators, and administrators—so wildly directed against the "enemy." Mr. Shils's examination of a recurring American characteristic is as timely as ever. "Brief...lucid... brilliant."—American Political Science Review. "A fine, sophisticated analysis of American social metabolism."—New Republic. "An excitingly lucid and intelligent work on a subject of staggering importance...the social preconditions of political democracy."—Social Forces.

Openness, Secrecy, Authorship

Openness, Secrecy, Authorship

Technical Arts and the Culture of Knowledge from Antiquity to the Renaissance

  • Author: Pamela O. Long
  • Publisher: JHU Press
  • ISBN: 0801872820
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 384
  • View: 3750
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In today's world of intellectual property disputes, industrial espionage, and book signings by famous authors, one easily loses sight of the historical nature of the attribution and ownership of texts. In Openness, Secrecy, Authorship: Technical Arts and the Culture of Knowledge from Antiquity to the Renaissance, Pamela Long combines intellectual history with the history of science and technology to explore the culture of authorship. Using classical Greek as well as medieval and Renaissance European examples, Long traces the definitions, limitations, and traditions of intellectual and scientific creation and attribution. She examines these attitudes as they pertain to the technical and the practical. Although Long's study follows a chronological development, this is not merely a general work. Long is able to examine events and sources within their historical context and locale. By looking at Aristotelian ideas of Praxis, Techne, and Episteme. She explains the tension between craft and ideas, authors and producers. She discusses, with solid research and clear prose, the rise, wane, and resurgence of priority in the crediting and lionizing of authors. Long illuminates the creation and re-creation of ideas like "trade secrets," "plagiarism," "mechanical arts," and "scribal culture." Her historical study complicates prevailing assumptions while inviting a closer look at issues that define so much of our society and thought to this day. She argues that "a useful working definition of authorship permits a gradation of meaning between the poles of authority and originality," and guides us through the term's nuances with clarity rarely matched in a historical study. -- Pamela H. Smith, Pomona College, Claremont

Secrecy

Secrecy

  • Author: Belva Plain
  • Publisher: Dell
  • ISBN: 0307805379
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 432
  • View: 7703
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First came the sin. Then the lies. He was handsome, charming, irresistable, and an eighteen-year-old lady-killer, her uncle Cliff's stepson, Ted. But in one terrible night he would shatter the life of fourteen-year-old Charlotte Dawes and nearly destroy her family. Years afterward, Charlotte would remember that night with fear and loathing, with pain that could be banished only by her work as a gifted architect, building a new world for others as she conceals her own. For Charlotte's family, prime employers in New England mill town, what happened to Charlotte was the beginning of the end. Her father is left shattered by his daughter's pain. Her troubled mother is unable to cope. And her distinguished family has fallen from grace, plunged into debt. The only rock that sustains them in their darkest hours is a woman whose own guilty secret has given her the power to ruin--or resurrect--the family to whom she owes her life. Belva Plain's searing novel cuts to the heart of a family ravaged by secrecy. But it is ultimately a story of redemption, the kind that grows when one person dares to tell the truth. From the Paperback edition.

Secrecy and Deceit

Secrecy and Deceit

The Religion of the Crypto-Jews

  • Author: David Martin Gitlitz
  • Publisher: UNM Press
  • ISBN: 9780826328137
  • Category: History
  • Page: 677
  • View: 3374
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Secrecy and Deceit documents the religious customs of the Iberian Jews who converted to Catholicism, largely under duress, in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Although many of the converts quickly melded into the Catholic mainstream, thousands of others and their descendents strove to preserve their Jewish culture despite the efforts of the Inquisition to suppress them. The book details crypto-Jewish culture in Spain, Portugal, and their American colonies, principally Mexico, Peru, and Brazil. The author uses Inquisition records, chronicles, rabbinical rulings, letters, eyewitness accounts, religious books, and other historical documents to give the most thorough and accurate picture of crypto-Jews ever cataloged. This book raises questions about living outside a Jewish community and what happens to religions of approximation.

Secrecy, Or, The Right to Know?

Secrecy, Or, The Right to Know?

A Study of the Feasibility of Freedom of Information for the United Kingdom

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Freedom of information
  • Page: 110
  • View: 7544
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Government Secrecy

Government Secrecy

  • Author: Susan Maret
  • Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
  • ISBN: 0857243896
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 464
  • View: 2087
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Divided into six sections, this title examines Government secrecy (GS) in a variety of contexts, including comparative examination of government control of information, new definitions, categories, censorship, ethics, and secrecy's relationship with freedom of information and transparency.

Report of the Commission on Protecting and Reducing Government Secrecy

Report of the Commission on Protecting and Reducing Government Secrecy

Pursuant to Public Law 236, 103rd Congress

  • Author: United States. Commission on Protecting and Reducing Government Secrecy
  • Publisher: Government Printing Office
  • ISBN: 9780160541193
  • Category: Freedom of information
  • Page: 114
  • View: 1552
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S. Doc 105-2. Item 996-A. Daniel Patrick Moynihan, Chairman. Congress established the Commission on Protecting and Reducing Government Secrecy in Title IX of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236) to make “comprehensive proposals for reform” that are designed “to reduce the volume of information classified and thereby to strengthen the protection of legitimately classified information,” as well as to improve existing personnel security procedures. This March 1997 volume contains recommendations for actions by the executive and legislative branch to both protect and reduce government secrecy.

In Darkness and Secrecy

In Darkness and Secrecy

The Anthropology of Assault Sorcery and Witchcraft in Amazonia

  • Author: Neil L. Whitehead,Robin Wright
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 082238583X
  • Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
  • Page: 336
  • View: 4647
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In Darkness and Secrecy brings together ethnographic examinations of Amazonian assault sorcery, witchcraft, and injurious magic, or “dark shamanism.” Anthropological reflections on South American shamanism have tended to emphasize shamans’ healing powers and positive influence. This collection challenges that assumption by showing that dark shamans are, in many Amazonian cultures, quite different from shamanic healers and prophets. Assault sorcery, in particular, involves violence resulting in physical harm or even death. While highlighting the distinctiveness of such practices, In Darkness and Secrecy reveals them as no less relevant to the continuation of culture and society than curing and prophecy. The contributors suggest that the persistence of dark shamanism can be understood as a form of engagement with modernity. These essays, by leading anthropologists of South American shamanism, consider assault sorcery as it is practiced in parts of Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela, and Peru. They analyze the social and political dynamics of witchcraft and sorcery and their relation to cosmology, mythology, ritual, and other forms of symbolic violence and aggression in each society studied. They also discuss the relations of witchcraft and sorcery to interethnic contact and the ways that shamanic power may be co-opted by the state. In Darkness and Secrecy includes reflections on the ethical and practical implications of ethnographic investigation of violent cultural practices. Contributors. Dominique Buchillet, Carlos Fausto, Michael Heckenberger, Elsje Lagrou, E. Jean Langdon, George Mentore, Donald Pollock, Fernando Santos-Granero, Pamela J. Stewart, Andrew Strathern, Márnio Teixeira-Pinto, Silvia Vidal, Neil L. Whitehead, Johannes Wilbert, Robin Wright

The Culture of Secrecy

The Culture of Secrecy

Britain, 1832-1998

  • Author: David Vincent
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN: 9780198203070
  • Category: History
  • Page: 364
  • View: 4718
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This is the first, comprehensive study of secrecy in modern British history. Professor Vincent examines how and why secrets have been kept, and how systems of control have been constructed - and challenged - over the past hundred and sixty years. It is the only book to place current controversies over freedom of information in the context of the development of the liberal state since 1832.

Conspiracy Theories

Conspiracy Theories

Secrecy and Power in American Culture

  • Author: Mark Fenster
  • Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
  • ISBN: 0816632421
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 282
  • View: 5223
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JFK, Karl Marx, the Pope, Aristotle Onassis, Queen Elizabeth II, Howard Hughes, Fox Mulder, Bill Clinton -- all have been linked to vastly complicated global (or even galactic) intrigues. In this enlightening tour of conspiracy theories, Mark Fenster guides readers through this shadowy world and analyzes its complex role in American culture and politics. Fenster argues that conspiracy theories are a form of popular political interpretation and contends that understanding how they circulate through mass culture helps us better understand our society as a whole. To that end, he discusses Richard Hofstadter's The Paranoid Style in American Politics, the militia movement, The X-Files, popular Christian apocalyptic thought, and such artifacts of suspicion as The Turner Diaries, the Illuminatus! trilogy, and the novels of Richard Condon. Fenster analyzes the "conspiracy community" of radio shows, magazine and book publishers, Internet resources, and role-playing games that promote these theories. In this world, the very denial of a conspiracy's existence becomes proof that it exists, and the truth is always "out there." He believes conspiracy theory has become a thrill for a bored subculture, one characterized by its members' reinterpretation of "accepted" history, their deep cynicism about contemporary politics, and their longing for a utopian future. Fenster's progressive critique of conspiracy theories both recognizes the secrecy and inequities of power in contemporary politics and economics and works toward effective political engagement. Probing conspiracy theory's tendencies toward scapegoating, racism, and fascism, as well as Hofstadter's centrist acceptance of a postwar American"consensus, " he advocates what conspiracy theory wants but cannot articulate: a more inclusive, engaging political culture.

Mystery and Secrecy in the Nag Hammadi Collection and Other Ancient Literature: Ideas and Practices

Mystery and Secrecy in the Nag Hammadi Collection and Other Ancient Literature: Ideas and Practices

Studies for Einar Thomassen at Sixty

  • Author: Christian H. Bull,Liv Lied,John D. Turner
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004212078
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 540
  • View: 6332
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Drawing on a wide array of sources, this anthology sets out to analyze the concepts of mystery and secrecy that occur in the ritual and rhetoric of antique Mediterranean religion, with an emphasis on Gnosticism, Christianity, and Paganism.

Secrecy in US Foreign Policy

Secrecy in US Foreign Policy

Nixon, Kissinger and the Rapprochement with China

  • Author: Yukinori Komine
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317058356
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 300
  • View: 6754
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Secrecy in US Foreign Policy examines the pursuit of strict secrecy by President Nixon and his National Security Advisor Kissinger in foreign policy decision making in relation to the US rapprochement with China. Moreover it sheds new light on the complexity and dynamism of the evolution of China initiatives and demonstrates the many policy options and perspectives among US officials. Dr Komine focuses on three major elements of the rapprochement: "

Banking Secrecy and Offshore Financial Centers

Banking Secrecy and Offshore Financial Centers

Money Laundering and Offshore Banking

  • Author: Mary Alice Young
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0415526329
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 190
  • View: 2676
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This book brings together the issues surrounding banking secrecy and confiscation of criminal proceeds. The book examines the existing legal agreements at the international, regional and national levels and their interaction in the substantive areas of confiscation, anti-money laundering and banking confidentiality laws. It looks at how these agreements have been applied in offshore financial centers and demonstrates that despite a number of legally binding UN Conventions as well as global anti-money laundering recommendations, the implementation of them is often lukewarm by those Parties who have ratified the Convention and adopted obligations, because of this the confiscation legislation is incompatible with strict banking confidentiality laws. The work draws on the experience of criminologists to offer critical insight into the legislative frameworks designed to deal with banking secrecy and confiscation in offshore financial centers. It goes on to offer suggestions for measures that may be taken by major economies to circumvent the lack of cooperation by offshore financial centers as intolerance towards money laundering grows in light of recent political and economic events. This book will be of particular interest to students and scholars of Law, Finance and Criminology.

Secrecy in Religions

Secrecy in Religions

  • Author: Kees W. Bolle
  • Publisher: Brill Archive
  • ISBN: 9789004083424
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 164
  • View: 7195
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Dissimulation and the Culture of Secrecy in Early Modern Europe

Dissimulation and the Culture of Secrecy in Early Modern Europe

  • Author: Jon R. Snyder
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 0520944445
  • Category: History
  • Page: 312
  • View: 2863
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"Larvatus prodeo," announced René Descartes at the beginning of the seventeenth century: "I come forward, masked." Deliberately disguising or silencing their most intimate thoughts and emotions, many early modern Europeans besides Descartes-princes, courtiers, aristocrats and commoners alike-chose to practice the shadowy art of dissimulation. For men and women who could not risk revealing their inner lives to those around them, this art of incommunicativity was crucial, both personally and politically. Many writers and intellectuals sought to explain, expose, justify, or condemn the emergence of this new culture of secrecy, and from Naples to the Netherlands controversy swirled for two centuries around the powers and limits of dissimulation, whether in affairs of state or affairs of the heart. This beautifully written work crisscrosses Europe, with a special focus on Italy, to explore attitudes toward the art of dissimulation in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Discussing many canonical and lesser-known works, Jon R. Snyder examines the treatment of dissimulation in early modern treatises and writings on the court, civility, moral philosophy, political theory, and in the visual arts.

Haunting the Korean Diaspora

Haunting the Korean Diaspora

Shame, Secrecy, and the Forgotten War

  • Author: Grace M. Cho
  • Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
  • ISBN: 0816652740
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 245
  • View: 1902
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Since the Korean Wara the forgotten wara more than a million Korean women have acted as sex workers for U.S. servicemen. More than 100,000 women married GIs and moved to the United States. Through intellectual vigor and personal recollection, Haunting the Korean Diaspora explores the repressed history of emotional and physical violence between the United States and Korea and the unexamined reverberations of sexual relationships between Korean women and American soldiers.

Secrecy, National Security and the Vindication of Constitutional Law

Secrecy, National Security and the Vindication of Constitutional Law

  • Author: D. Cole
  • Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 1781953864
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 368
  • View: 3342
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ÔThis is an important collection of scholarly essays that will illuminate positive legal developments and normative constitutionalist concerns in the expanding arena of secret government decisions. This book is indispensable reading for those concerned with constitutionalism, the rule of law and democracy as they bear on the tensions between secrecy and disclosure in government responses to terrorism.Õ Ð Vicki C. Jackson, Harvard University Law School, US ÔThis book contains the broadest and deepest analysis of the legal and policy issues that relate to secrecy and national security on one hand, and the imperatives of a functioning democracy on the other. The broadest because it brings to bear materials from many countries, the deepest because it brilliantly explores a core problem of constitutional government.Õ Ð Norman Dorsen, New York University, US and President, American Civil Liberties Union, 1976Ð1991 Virtually every nation has had to confront tensions between the rule-of-law demands for transparency and accountability and the need for confidentiality with respect to terrorism and national security. This book provides a global and comparative overview of the implications of governmental secrecy in a variety of contexts. Expert contributors from around the world discuss the dilemmas posed by the necessity for Ð and evils of Ð secrecy, and assess constitutional mechanisms for checking the abuse of secrecy by national and international institutions in the field of counter-terrorism. In recent years, nations have relied on secret evidence to detain suspected terrorists and freeze their assets, have barred lawsuits alleging human rights violations by invoking Ôstate secretsÕ, and have implemented secret surveillance and targeted killing programs. The book begins by addressing the issue of secrecy at the institutional level, examining the role of courts and legislatures in regulating the use of secrecy claims by the executive branch of government. From there, the focus shifts to the three most vital areas of anti-terrorism law: preventive detention, criminal trials and administrative measures (notably, targeted economic sanctions). The contributors explore how assertions of secrecy and national security in each of these areas affect the functioning of the legal system and the application of procedural justice and fairness. Students, professors and researchers interested in constitutional law, international law, comparative law and issues of terrorism and security will find this an invaluable addition to the literature. Judges, lawyers and policymakers will also find much of use in this critical volume.