Search Results for "selected-philosophical-writings-oxford-world-s-classics"

Selected Philosophical Writings

Selected Philosophical Writings

  • Author: Saint Thomas (Aquinas)
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780192835857
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 452
  • View: 5680
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St Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) saw religion as part of the natural human propensity to worship. His ability to recognize the naturalness of this phenomenon and simultaneously to go beyond it, to explore spiritual revelation, makes his work fresh and highly readable today. While drawing on a strong distinction between theology and philosophy, Aquinas interleaved them intricately in his writings, which range from an examination of the structures of thought to the concept of God as the end of all things. This accessible new translation chooses substantial passages not only from the indispensable Summa Theologicae, but from many other works, fully illustrating the breadth and progression of Aquinas's philosophy.

Ausgewählte Werke

Ausgewählte Werke

  • Author: Matthias Claudius
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783150016916
  • Category:
  • Page: 488
  • View: 855
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Kommentierte Auswahl aus dem Werk des Wandsbecker Boten (1740-1815). Enthält Teile der zeitgenössischen Werkausgabe Asmus omnia sua secum portans sowie Texte aus Zeitschriften, Briefe, Rezensionen und Übersetzungen.

Selected Writings

Selected Writings

  • Author: Galileo,
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199583692
  • Category: History
  • Page: 431
  • View: 6465
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This generous selection from Galileo's writings contains all the essential texts. Newly translated by Mark Davie and William R. Shea, the contents include full representation from his scientific masterpieces, his contributions to the debate on science and religion, and key documents from his trial before the Inquisition in 1633.

Selected Works

Selected Works

  • Author: Galen
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780192839374
  • Category: History
  • Page: 448
  • View: 2963
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Galen (AD 129-c. 210), researcher and scholar, surgeon and philosopher, logician, herbalist, and personal physician to the emperor Marcus Aurelius, was the most influential and versatile medical author of antiquity. The work of Galen is fascinating for its innovations in anatomy and in the physiology of the brain and the nervous and vascular systems, and for its remarkable synthesis of previous ideas, in particular the famous 'four-humour' theory and the Platonic philosophy of mind. Galen dominated medical theory and practice until the scientific revolution and beyond, through the medieval Schools, and through his influence on Muslim medicine. This is the first major selection of Galen's work in English. It functions as an essential introduction to his 'medical philosophy' and includes several major works never previously translated. At the same time it presents a vivid insight into medical practice and intellectual and everyday life in ancient Rome.

Pensées and Other Writings

Pensées and Other Writings

  • Author: Blaise Pascal
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780192836557
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 267
  • View: 9152
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For much of his life Pascal (1623-62) worked on a magnum opus which was never published in its intended form. Instead, he left a mass of fragments, some of them meant as notes for the Apologie. These were to become known as the Pensees, and they occupy a crucial place in Western philosophy and religious writing. Pascal's general intention was to confound scepticism about metaphysical questions. Some of the Pensees are fully developed literary reflections on the human condition,, somecontradict others, and some remain jottings whose meaning will never be clear. The most important are among the most powerful aphorisms about human experience and behaviour ever written in any language. This translation is the only one based on the Pensees as Pascal left them. It includes the principal dossiers classified by Pascal, as well as the essential portion of the important Writings on Grace. A detailed thematic index gives access to Pascal's areas of concern, while the selectionof texts and the introduction help to show why Pascal changed the plan of his projected work before abandoning the book he might have written.

Silas Marner

Silas Marner

The Weaver of Raveloe

  • Author: George Eliot
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0191037613
  • Category: Literary Collections
  • Page: 256
  • View: 1434
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Gold! - his own gold - brought back to him as mysteriously as it had been taken away! Falsely accused of theft, Silas Marner is cut off from his community but finds refuge in the village of Raveloe, where he is eyed with distant suspicion. Like a spider from a fairy-tale, Silas fills fifteen monotonous years with weaving and accumulating gold. The son of the wealthy local Squire, Godfrey Cass also seeks an escape from his past. One snowy winter, two events change the course of their lives: Silas's gold is stolen and, a child crawls across his threshold. Combining the qualities of a fable with a rich evocation of rural life in the early years of the nineteenth century, Silas Marner (1861) is a masterpiece of construction and a powerful meditation on the value of communal bonds in a mysterious world.

The Art of Rhetoric

The Art of Rhetoric

  • Author: Aristotle
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 019872425X
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 288
  • View: 6064
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For all men are persuaded by considerations of where their interest lies... Aristotle's Art of Rhetoric is the earliest systematic treatment of the subject, and it remains among the most incisive works on rhetoric that we possess. In it, we are asked: What is a good speech? What do popular audiences find persuasive? How does one compose a persuasive speech? Aristotle considers these questions in the context of the ancient Greek democratic city-state, in which large audiences of ordinary citizens listened to speeches pro and con before casting the votes that made the laws, decided the policies, and settled the cases in court. Persuasion by means of the spoken word was the vehicle for conducting politics and administering the law. After stating the basic principles of persuasive speech, Aristotle places rhetoric in relation to allied fields such as politics, ethics, psychology, and logic, and he demonstrates how to construct a persuasive case for any kind of plea on any subject of communal concern. Aristotle views persuasion flexibly, examining how speakers should devise arguments, evoke emotions, and demonstrate their own credibility. The treatise provides ample evidence of Aristotle's unique and brilliant manner of thinking, and has had a profound influence on later attempts to understand what makes speech persuasive. The new translation of the text is accompanied by an introduction discussing the political, philosophical, and rhetorical background to Aristotle's treatise, as well as the composition and transmission of the original text and an account of Aristotle's life.

Symposium

Symposium

  • Author: Plato
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191605492
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 160
  • View: 3919
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In his celebrated masterpiece, Symposium, Plato imagines a high-society dinner-party in Athens in 416 BC at which the guests - including the comic poet Aristophanes and, of course, Plato's mentor Socrates - each deliver a short speech in praise of love. The sequence of dazzling speeches culminates in Socrates' famous account of the views of Diotima, a prophetess who taught him that love is our means of trying to attain goodness. And then into the party bursts the drunken Alcibiades, the most popular and notorious Athenian of the time, who insists on praising Socrates himself rather than love, and gives us a brilliant sketch of this enigmatic character. The power, humour, and pathos of Plato's creation engages the reader on every page. This new translation is complemented by full explanatory notes and an illuminating introduction. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

Das egoistische Gen

Das egoistische Gen

Mit einem Vorwort von Wolfgang Wickler

  • Author: Richard Dawkins
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3642553915
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 489
  • View: 2573
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p”Ein auch heute noch bedeutsamer Klassiker“ Daily Express Sind wir Marionetten unserer Gene? Nach Richard Dawkins ́ vor über 30 Jahren entworfener und heute noch immer provozierender These steuern und dirigieren unsere von Generation zu Generation weitergegebenen Gene uns, um sich selbst zu erhalten. Alle biologischen Organismen dienen somit vor allem dem Überleben und der Unsterblichkeit der Erbanlagen und sind letztlich nur die "Einweg-Behälter" der "egoistischen" Gene. Sind wir Menschen also unserem Gen-Schicksal hilflos ausgeliefert? Dawkins bestreitet dies und macht uns Hoffnung: Seiner Meinung nach sind wir nämlich die einzige Spezies mit der Chance, gegen ihr genetisches Schicksal anzukämpfen.

The Eclogues ; The Georgics

The Eclogues ; The Georgics

  • Author: Virgil
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780192837684
  • Category: Agriculture
  • Page: 148
  • View: 1658
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The Eclogues, ten short pastoral poems, were composed between approximately 42 and 39 BC, during the time of the 'Second' Triumvirate of Lepidus, Anthony, and Octavian. In them Virgil subtly blended an idealized Arcadia with contemporary history. To his Greek model - the Idylls of Theocritus - he added a strong element of Italian realism: places and people, real or disguised, and contemporary events are introduced. The Eclogues display all Virgil's art and charm and are among his mostdelightful achievements. Between approximately 39 and 29 BC, years of civil strife between Antony, and Octavian, Virgil was engaged upon the Georgics. Part agricultural manual, full of observations of animals and nature, they deal with the farmer's life and give it powerful allegorical meaning. These four books contain some of Virgil's finest descriptive writing and are generally held to be his greatest and most entertaining work, and C. Day Lewis's lyrical translations are classics in theirown right.

The Passions of the Soul and Other Late Philosophical Writings

The Passions of the Soul and Other Late Philosophical Writings

  • Author: Rene Descartes
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199684138
  • Category: Philosophy, French
  • Page: 448
  • View: 3876
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'Those most capable of being moved by passion are those capable of tasting the most sweetness in this life.' Descartes is most often thought of as introducing a total separation of mind and body. But he also acknowledged the intimate union between them, and in his later writings he concentrated on understanding this aspect of human nature. The Passions of the Soul is his greatest contribution to this debate. It contains a profound discussion of the workings of the emotions and of their place in human life - a subject that increasingly engages the interest of philosophers and intellectual and cultural historians. It also sets out a view of ethics that has been seen as a radical reorientation of moral philosophy. This volume also includes both sides of the correspondence with Princess Elisabeth of Bohemia, one of Descartes's keenest disciples and shrewdest critics, which played a crucial role in the genesis of The Passions, as well as the first part of The Principles of Philosophy, which sets out the key positions of Descartes's philosophical system. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

Autobiography and Other Writings

Autobiography and Other Writings

  • Author: Benjamin Franklin
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780192836694
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 361
  • View: 4141
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Franklin's writings span a long and distinguished career of literary, scientific, and political inquiry--the work of a man whose life lasted for nearly all of the 18th century, and whose achievements ranged from inventing the lightning rod to publishing Poor Richard's Almanac to signing the Declaration of Independence. In his own lifetime, Franklin knew prominence not only in America but also in Britain and France. Here was a cosmopolitan statesman, public servant, inventor, and editor with a distinctly Yankee sensibility; here was a moral philosopher who divided his faith between the natural sciences and the American experiment. This volume includes Franklin's reflections on such diverse issues as reason and religion, social status, electricity, America's national character and characters, war, and the societal status of women. Also included is a new transcription of his 1726 journal, and several pieces that have only recently been identified as Franklin's work.

Gorgias

Gorgias

  • Author: Plato
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780192836304
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 172
  • View: 7706
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The struggle which Plato has Socrates recommend to his interlocutors in Gorgias - and to his readers - is the struggle to overcome the temptations of worldly success and to concentrate on genuine morality. Ostensibly an enquiry into the value of rhetoric, the dialogue soon becomes an investigation into the value of these two contrasting ways of life. In a series of dazzling and bold arguments, Plato attempts to establish that only morality can bring a person true happiness, and to demolish alternative viewpoints. It is not suprising that Gorgias is one of Plato's most widely read dialogues. Philosophers read it for its coverage of central moral issues; others enjoy its vividness, clarity and occasional bitter humour. This new translation is accompanied by explanatory notes and an informative introduction.

Selected Writings

Selected Writings

  • Author: William Hazlitt
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780192838001
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 423
  • View: 2182
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William Hazlitt (1778-1830) developed a variety of identities as a writer: essayist, philosopher, critic of literature, drama and art, biographer, political commentator, and polemicist. Praised for his eloquence, he was also reviled by conservatives for his radical politics. This edition, thematically organized for ease of access, contains some of his best-known essays, such as "The Indian Jugglers" and "The Fight," as well as more obscure pieces on politics, philosophy, and culture. About the Series: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the broadest spectrum of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, voluminous notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

Selections from the Canzoniere and Other Works

Selections from the Canzoniere and Other Works

  • Author: Francesco Petrarca
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780192839510
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 85
  • View: 3058
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This entirely new translation includes Petrarch's short autobiographical prose works, The Letter to Posterity and The Ascent of Mount Ventoux, and a selection of twenty-seven poems from the Canzoniere, Petrarch's best-known work in Italian.

Lucian: Selected Dialogues

Lucian: Selected Dialogues

  • Author: C. D. N. Costa
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780199258673
  • Category: Literary Collections
  • Page: 278
  • View: 2645
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This is a selection of pieces by the Greek satirist Lucian. Lucian invented the comic dialogue as a satiric tool, and had immense influence on many later European literatures. He is also extremely funny, whether puncturing the pretensions of pompous philosophers or describing the daily lives of Greek courtesans. The translation aims to be lively and modern in idiom, while maintaining accuracy.

Anselm of Canterbury: The Major Works

Anselm of Canterbury: The Major Works

  • Author: St. Anselm
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191605123
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 544
  • View: 7647
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`For I do not seek to understand so that I may believe; but I believe so that I may understand. For I believe this also, that unless I believe, I shall not understand.' Does God exist? Can we know anything about God's nature? Have we any reason to think that the Christian religion is true? What is truth, anyway? Do human beings have freedom of choice? Can they have such freedom in a world created by God? These questions, and others, were ones which Anselm of Canterbury (c.1033-1109) took very seriously. He was utterly convinced of the truth of the Christian religion, but he was also determined to try to make sense of his Christian faith. Recognizing that the Christian God is incomprehensible, he also believed that Christianity is not simply something to be swallowed with mouth open and eyes shut. For Anselm, the doctrines of Christianity are an invitation to question, to think, and to learn. Anselm is studied today because his rigour of thought and clarity of writing place him among the greatest of theologians and philosophers. This translation provides readers with their first opportunity to read all of his most important works within the covers of a single volume. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

Eine Abhandlung über das Bevölkerungsgesetz, oder eine Untersuchung seiner Bedeutung für die menschliche Wohlfahrt in Vergangenheit und Zukunft ...

Eine Abhandlung über das Bevölkerungsgesetz, oder eine Untersuchung seiner Bedeutung für die menschliche Wohlfahrt in Vergangenheit und Zukunft ...

  • Author: Thomas Robert Malthus
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Population
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3909
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The Great Conversation: Descartes through Derrida and Quine

The Great Conversation: Descartes through Derrida and Quine

  • Author: Norman Melchert
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780195306811
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 746
  • View: 6580
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Ideal for courses in introductory or modern and contemporary philosophy, The Great Conversation: A Historical Introduction to Philosophy, Volume II: Descartes through Derrida and Quine covers the same material as the second half (chapters 12-26) of author Norman Melchert's longer volume, The Great Conversation. Now in its fifth edition, this historically organized introductory text treats philosophy as a dramatic and continuous story--a conversation about humankind's deepest and most persistent concerns. Tracing the exchange of ideas between history's key philosophers, the book demonstrates that while constructing an argument or making a claim, one philosopher almost always has others in mind. It addresses the fundamental questions of human life: Who are we? What can we know? How should we live? and What sort of reality do we inhabit? The fifth edition retains the distinctive feature of previous editions: Melchert provides a generous selection of excerpts from major philosophical works and makes them more easily understandable to students with his own lucid and engaging explanations. Ranging from Descartes to Derrida and Quine, the selections are organized historically and include a translation of Descartes'Meditations on First Philosophy (the complete work). The author's commentary offers a rich intellectual and cultural context for the philosophical ideas conveyed in the excerpts. Extensive cross-referencing shows students how philosophers respond appreciatively or critically to the thoughts of other philosophers. The text is enhanced by two types of exercises--"Basic Questions" and "For Further Thought"--and more than thirty illustrations. New to the Fifth Edition * A new chapter (25) on Simone de Beauvoir and her contributions to philosophy * New profiles of the Buddha and Jean-Jacques Rousseau * Review questions that are now dispersed throughout the chapters (instead of at chapter ends) to follow relevant passages and facilitate classroom discussion * Six new images, including explanatory cartoons that help students understand key concepts * A revised Instructor's Manual and Test Bank containing essential points, teaching suggestions, and multiple-choice, short-answer, and essay exam questions Also available to suit your course needs: The Great Conversation: A Historical Introduction to Philosophy, Fifth Edition (combined volume covering the Pre-Socratics through Derrida and Quine) and The Great Conversation: Volume I: Pre-Socratics through Descartes, Fifth Edition (includes chapters 1-13 of the combined volume).