Search Results for "separation-of-church-and-state"

The Separation of Church and State

The Separation of Church and State

  • Author: Darien Auburn McWhirter
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 9780897748520
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 189
  • View: 7419
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This book discusses major separation of church and state issues that the Supreme Court has addressed.

Separation of Church and State

Separation of Church and State

  • Author: Philip HAMBURGER
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674038185
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 528
  • View: 638
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In a powerful challenge to conventional wisdom, Philip Hamburger argues that the separation of church and state has no historical foundation in the First Amendment. The detailed evidence assembled here shows that eighteenth-century Americans almost never invoked this principle. Although Thomas Jefferson and others retrospectively claimed that the First Amendment separated church and state, separation became part of American constitutional law only much later. Hamburger shows that separation became a constitutional freedom largely through fear and prejudice. Jefferson supported separation out of hostility to the Federalist clergy of New England. Nativist Protestants (ranging from nineteenth-century Know Nothings to twentieth-century members of the K.K.K.) adopted the principle of separation to restrict the role of Catholics in public life. Gradually, these Protestants were joined by theologically liberal, anti-Christian secularists, who hoped that separation would limit Christianity and all other distinct religions. Eventually, a wide range of men and women called for separation. Almost all of these Americans feared ecclesiastical authority, particularly that of the Catholic Church, and, in response to their fears, they increasingly perceived religious liberty to require a separation of church from state. American religious liberty was thus redefined and even transformed. In the process, the First Amendment was often used as an instrument of intolerance and discrimination.

The Separation of Church and State

The Separation of Church and State

  • Author: Forrest Church
  • Publisher: Beacon Press
  • ISBN: 0807097071
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 176
  • View: 876
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Now in paperback, a primer of essential writings about one of the cornerstones of our democracy by the original authors of the Constitution, edited by preeminant liberal theologian Forrest Church. Americans will never stop debating the question of church-state separation, and such debates invariably lead back to the nation’s beginnings and the founders’ intent. The Separation of Church and State presents a basic collection of the founders’ teachings on this topic. This concise primer gets past the rhetoric that surrounds the current debate, placing the founders’ vivid writings on religious liberty in historical perspective. Edited and with running commentary by Forrest Church, this important collection informs anyone curious about the original blueprint for our country and its government. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Thomas Jefferson and the Wall of Separation Between Church and State

Thomas Jefferson and the Wall of Separation Between Church and State

  • Author: Daniel Dreisbach
  • Publisher: NYU Press
  • ISBN: 0814719368
  • Category: History
  • Page: 283
  • View: 1304
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No phrase in American letters has had a more profound influence on church-state law, policy, and discourse than Thomas Jefferson’s “wall of separation between church and state,” and few metaphors have provoked more passionate debate. Introduced in an 1802 letter to the Danbury, Connecticut Baptist Association, Jefferson’s “wall” is accepted by many Americans as a concise description of the U.S. Constitution’s church-state arrangement and conceived as a virtual rule of constitutional law. Despite the enormous influence of the “wall” metaphor, almost no scholarship has investigated the text of the Danbury letter, the context in which it was written, or Jefferson’s understanding of his famous phrase. Thomas Jefferson and the Wall of Separation Between Church and State offers an in-depth examination of the origins, controversial uses, and competing interpretations of this powerful metaphor in law and public policy.

Democratic Authority and the Separation of Church and State

Democratic Authority and the Separation of Church and State

  • Author: Robert Audi
  • Publisher: OUP USA
  • ISBN: 0199796084
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 180
  • View: 9950
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This book clarifies the relation between religion and ethics, articulates principles governing religion in politics, and outlines a theory of civic virtue. It frames institutional principles to guide governmental policies toward religion and counterpart standards to guide individual citizens; and it defends an account of toleration that leavens the ethical framework both in individual nations and internationally.

Lemon V. Kurtzman and the Separation of Church and State Debate

Lemon V. Kurtzman and the Separation of Church and State Debate

  • Author: Kathiann M. Kowalski
  • Publisher: Enslow Pub Incorporated
  • ISBN: 9780766023918
  • Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Page: 128
  • View: 1084
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Examines the constitutional issues of church and state and how the Supreme Court has ruled on them, including the controversial line "under God" in the Pledge of Allegiance.

Church and State in America

Church and State in America

The First Two Centuries

  • Author: James H. Hutson
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139467905
  • Category: History
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9358
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This is an account of the ideas about and public policies relating to the relationship between government and religion from the settlement of Virginia in 1607 to the presidency of Andrew Jackson, 1829–37. This book describes the impact and the relationship of various events, legislative, and judicial actions, including the English Toleration Act of 1689, the First and Second Great Awakenings, the Constitution of the United States, the Bill of Rights, and Jefferson's Letter to the Danbury Baptists. Four principles were paramount in the American approach to government's relation to religion: the importance of religion to public welfare; the resulting desirability of government support of religion (within the limitations of political culture); liberty of conscience and voluntaryism; the requirement that religion be supported by free will offerings, not taxation. Hutson analyzes and describes the development and interplay of these principles, and considers the relevance of the concept of the separation of church and state during this period.

Separation of Church and State

Separation of Church and State

Guarantor of Religious Freedom

  • Author: Robert L. Maddox
  • Publisher: Crossroad Publishing Company
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Page: 196
  • View: 8113
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A historical look at the issues involved in the separation of church and state by a man who firmly believes that this separation is vital in a democracy.

Separation of Church and State

Separation of Church and State

Founding Principle of Religious Liberty

  • Author: Frank Lambert
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780881464771
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 227
  • View: 8881
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Frank Lambert tackles the central claims of the Religious Right historians who insist that America was conceived as a Christian State, that modern-day liberals and secularists have distorted and/or ignored the place of religion in American history, and that the phrase the separation of church and state does not appear in any of the founding documents and is, therefore, a myth created by the Left. He discusses what separates bad history from good history, and concludes that the self-styled historians of the Religious Right create a useful past that enlists the nations founders on behalf of present-day conservative religious and political causes. Lambert believes that the most effective means of critiquing such misuse of history is sound historical investigation that considers all the evidence, not just that which supports an authors biases, and draws reasonable conclusions grounded in historical context.

Please Don't Wish Me a Merry Christmas

Please Don't Wish Me a Merry Christmas

A Critical History of the Separation of Church and State

  • Author: Stephen M. Feldman
  • Publisher: NYU Press
  • ISBN: 0814728855
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 408
  • View: 9396
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Whether in the form of Christmas trees in town squares or prayer in school, fierce disputes over the separation of church and state have long bedeviled this country. Both decried and celebrated, this principle is considered by many, for right or wrong, a defining aspect of American national identity. Nearly all discussions regarding the role of religion in American life build on two dominant assumptions: first, the separation of church and state is a constitutional principle that promotes democracy and equally protects the religious freedom of all Americans, especially religious outgroups; and second, this principle emerges as a uniquely American contribution to political theory. In Please Don't Wish Me a Merry Christmas, Stephen M. Feldman challenges both these assumptions. He argues that the separation of church and state primarily manifests and reinforces Christian domination in American society. Furthermore, Feldman reveals that the separation of church and state did not first arise in the United States. Rather, it has slowly evolved as a political and religious development through western history, beginning with the initial appearance of Christianity as it contentiously separated from Judaism. In tracing the historical roots of the separation of church and state within the Western world, Feldman begins with the Roman Empire and names Augustine as the first political theorist to suggest the idea. Feldman next examines how the roles of church and state variously merged and divided throughout history, during the Crusades, the Italian Renaissance, the Protestant Reformation, the British Civil War and Restoration, the early North American colonies, nineteenth-century America, and up to the present day. In challenging the dominant story of the separation of church and state, Feldman interprets the development of Christian social power vis--vis the state and religious minorities, particularly the prototypical religious outgroup, Jews.

A Secular Faith

A Secular Faith

Why Christianity Favors the Separation of Church and State

  • Author: Darryl G. Hart
  • Publisher: Ivan R Dee
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 273
  • View: 8619
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Analyzes the widening gap between religious and secular America throughout the past quarter century to present a faith-based argument for the absolute separation of church and state, explaining that Christian politics are inappropriate for a religiously diverse society and fundamentally misconstrue the meaning of the Christian religion.

Separation of Church and State in the United States

Separation of Church and State in the United States

  • Author: Alvin W. Johnson,Frank H. Yost
  • Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
  • ISBN: 9780816659654
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 287
  • View: 8076
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Separation of Church and State in the United States was first published in 1948. Minnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible, and are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions. This book is more than a revised and enlarged edition of Dr. Johnson's Legal Status of Church-State Relationships in the United States. Besides rewriting and bringing up to date much of the original material, the authors have added a number of chapters dealing with subjects that have gained prominence in recent years: citizenship and the bearing of arms, saluting the flag, distribution of religious literature, and freedom of speech for Communists. Such recent cases as the Supreme Court decision in McCollum v. Board of Education—better known as the Champaign, Illinois, case—are discussed in some detail. School administrators will find the book of great practical value, for it deals predominantly with church-state relationships in the public schools, one of the chief areas of conflict. These conflicts include such questions as Bible readings and religious instruction in the public schools, dismissed and released time for religious education, the allowing of credit for religious instruction, public aid to sectarian schools, the wearing of religious garb, furnishing free textbooks and transportation for students in parochial schools.

Separation of Church and State in Virginia: A Study in the Development of the Revolution. Special Report of the Department of Archives and History

Separation of Church and State in Virginia: A Study in the Development of the Revolution. Special Report of the Department of Archives and History

  • Author: Virginia State Library Archives Divisio,Hamilton James Eckenrode
  • Publisher: Palala Press
  • ISBN: 9781378538012
  • Category: History
  • Page: 170
  • View: 698
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

To Build a Wall

To Build a Wall

American Jews and the Separation of Church and State

  • Author: Gregg Ivers,Professor Gregg Ivers
  • Publisher: University of Virginia Press
  • ISBN: 9780813915548
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 4502
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"To Build a Wall represents the first extensive study of the effect of Jewish interest groups on church-state litigation. Ivers carefully traces the evolution of the American Jewish Committee, the American Jewish Congress, and the ADL from benevolent social service agencies to powerful organized interest groups active on all fronts of American politics and public affairs. He draws extensively upon original sources and archival materials from each organization, personal interviews over a five-year period, as well as the personal files and papers of Leo Pfeffer, the lead counsel or amicus curiae in nearly every establishment clause case from the late 1940s through the early eighties. Ivers concludes that organized interests can and do have critical influence in the legal process, but that organizational needs and external demands result in a more ad hoc, less planned approach to law and litigation than much previous scholarship has suggested. Ivers also argues that the ethnic, economic, and religious differences that led to the formation of competing Jewish organizations eighty years ago continue to drive a dynamic pluralism within the Jewish community, manifest in part in divergent approaches to litigation and public affairs."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Separation of Church and State

Separation of Church and State

  • Author: Jonathan A. Wright
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 9780313347696
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 157
  • View: 8998
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This tour of the American church/state issue revisits past controversies and personalities in the hope of enlightening present-day debates.

The Myth of Separation Between Church & State

The Myth of Separation Between Church & State

  • Author: Dee Wampler
  • Publisher: Winepress Pub
  • ISBN: 9781579216238
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 192
  • View: 3788
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Most people think there is a separation of church and state. They are wrong. Most people think it's in the constitution. It isn't. Even a precursory glance at the first amendment easily shows it was meant to protect freedom of religion, not to protect government from religion. Within these pages you will see the myth debunked from voices of the past. The lives, writings, and interaction of our Founding Fathers clearly demonstrates that they were proud to stand on Christian values and had no intentions of separating their everyday or political lives from their religion. You be the judge.

The Second Disestablishment

The Second Disestablishment

Church and State in Nineteenth-Century America

  • Author: Steven Green
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780199741595
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 472
  • View: 4548
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Debates over the proper relationship between church and state in America tend to focus either on the founding period or the twentieth century. Left undiscussed is the long period between the ratification of the Constitution and the 1947 Supreme Court ruling in Everson v. Board of Education, which mandated that the Establishment Clause applied to state and local governments. Steven Green illuminates this neglected period, arguing that during the 19th century there was a "second disestablishment." By the early 1800s, formal political disestablishment was the rule at the national level, and almost universal among the states. Yet the United States remained a Christian nation, and Protestant beliefs and values dominated American culture and institutions. Evangelical Protestantism rose to cultural dominance through moral reform societies and behavioral laws that were undergirded by a maxim that Christianity formed part of the law. Simultaneously, law became secularized, religious pluralism increased, and the Protestant-oriented public education system was transformed. This latter impulse set the stage for the constitutional disestablishment of the twentieth century. The Second Disestablishment examines competing ideologies: of evangelical Protestants who sought to create a "Christian nation," and of those who advocated broader notions of separation of church and state. Green shows that the second disestablishment is the missing link between the Establishment Clause and the modern Supreme Court's church-state decisions.

Why the Religious Right Is Wrong About Separation of Church and State

Why the Religious Right Is Wrong About Separation of Church and State

  • Author: Robert Boston
  • Publisher: Prometheus Books
  • ISBN: 1615924108
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 281
  • View: 8104
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Award-winning journalist Robert Boston lambastes the zealots of the Religious Right for spreading misinformation about the constitutional principle of the separation of church and state. Boston reveals how a band of ultraconservative religious groups with a political agenda - led primarily by televangelist Pat Robertson - is conducting a systematic war aginst the separation of church and state. The tactics of these groups are designed to exploit unfounded fears and turn the American people against the separationist principle. They will not rest, Boston says, until the United States has become a theocracy. To expose the Religious Right's blatant distortions of U.S. history and correct its skewed analysis of legal rulings, Boston objectively reviews the evolution of church/state relations in the United States and looks at how the separation principle has been applied by the courts. He also examines efforts by sectarian groups to win government support for their schools, the school prayer issue, the history of the free exercise of religion, and the controversial role of religion in the public square. Published in cooperation with Americans United for the Separation of Church and State

Engel V. Vitale

Engel V. Vitale

Separation of Church and State

  • Author: Carol Haas
  • Publisher: Enslow Pub Incorporated
  • ISBN: 9780894904615
  • Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Page: 128
  • View: 4693
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Introduces the issue of school prayer, describes the case and the decision, and discusses other matters which raise questions of religious freedom in public schools and elsewhere in society

The Separation of Church & State

The Separation of Church & State

Has America Lost Its Moral Compass?

  • Author: Stephen Strehle
  • Publisher: Huntington House Pub
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 187
  • View: 889
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The Separation of Church and State: Has America Lost Its Moral Challenges the notion that one can divorce religion from politics. The author contends that inalienable rights grew out of the western religious tradition of natural law, egalitarianism out of the universal scope of the Christian Gospel; democracy out of the polity of Puritan congregations; capitalism out of the Protestant work ethic. From a philosophical point of view, it is impossible to separate religious and political ideals. Human beings cannot live in self-sufficient autonomy; God is over all, in all, and through all.Stephen Strehle is a Professor of Religion at St. Leo University with doctoral degrees in theology from Dallas Theological Seminary and the Universitt of Basel. He is a noted Reformation scholar with a number of books and articles to his credit