Search Results for "separation-of-church-and-state"

Separation of Church and State

Separation of Church and State

  • Author: Philip HAMBURGER
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674038185
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 528
  • View: 7189
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In a powerful challenge to conventional wisdom, Philip Hamburger argues that the separation of church and state has no historical foundation in the First Amendment. The detailed evidence assembled here shows that eighteenth-century Americans almost never invoked this principle. Although Thomas Jefferson and others retrospectively claimed that the First Amendment separated church and state, separation became part of American constitutional law only much later. Hamburger shows that separation became a constitutional freedom largely through fear and prejudice. Jefferson supported separation out of hostility to the Federalist clergy of New England. Nativist Protestants (ranging from nineteenth-century Know Nothings to twentieth-century members of the K.K.K.) adopted the principle of separation to restrict the role of Catholics in public life. Gradually, these Protestants were joined by theologically liberal, anti-Christian secularists, who hoped that separation would limit Christianity and all other distinct religions. Eventually, a wide range of men and women called for separation. Almost all of these Americans feared ecclesiastical authority, particularly that of the Catholic Church, and, in response to their fears, they increasingly perceived religious liberty to require a separation of church from state. American religious liberty was thus redefined and even transformed. In the process, the First Amendment was often used as an instrument of intolerance and discrimination.

Separation of Church and State: What the Founders Meant

Separation of Church and State: What the Founders Meant

  • Author: David Barton
  • Publisher: BookBaby
  • ISBN: 1483502287
  • Category: History
  • Page: 32
  • View: 3134
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This book is very timely for one of the most frequently debated issues in America: the separation of church and state. Where did this phrase originate? Was it always meant to prohibit expressions of religious faith in public settings as many claim today? Learn the answers to these questions and discover the Founding Fathers own words and intents in this book! With all these resources, you will be able to clearly understand the original intent of the Founding Fathers and be able to share those beliefs with others!

Why the Religious Right Is Wrong About Separation of Church and State

Why the Religious Right Is Wrong About Separation of Church and State

  • Author: Robert Boston
  • Publisher: Prometheus Books
  • ISBN: 1615924108
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 281
  • View: 8379
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Award-winning journalist Robert Boston lambastes the zealots of the Religious Right for spreading misinformation about the constitutional principle of the separation of church and state. Boston reveals how a band of ultraconservative religious groups with a political agenda - led primarily by televangelist Pat Robertson - is conducting a systematic war aginst the separation of church and state. The tactics of these groups are designed to exploit unfounded fears and turn the American people against the separationist principle. They will not rest, Boston says, until the United States has become a theocracy. To expose the Religious Right's blatant distortions of U.S. history and correct its skewed analysis of legal rulings, Boston objectively reviews the evolution of church/state relations in the United States and looks at how the separation principle has been applied by the courts. He also examines efforts by sectarian groups to win government support for their schools, the school prayer issue, the history of the free exercise of religion, and the controversial role of religion in the public square. Published in cooperation with Americans United for the Separation of Church and State

Democratic Authority and the Separation of Church and State

Democratic Authority and the Separation of Church and State

  • Author: Robert Audi
  • Publisher: OUP USA
  • ISBN: 0199796084
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 180
  • View: 5162
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This book clarifies the relation between religion and ethics, articulates principles governing religion in politics, and outlines a theory of civic virtue. It frames institutional principles to guide governmental policies toward religion and counterpart standards to guide individual citizens; and it defends an account of toleration that leavens the ethical framework both in individual nations and internationally.

The Separation of Church and State

The Separation of Church and State

  • Author: Forrest Church
  • Publisher: Beacon Press
  • ISBN: 0807097071
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 176
  • View: 7471
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Now in paperback, a primer of essential writings about one of the cornerstones of our democracy by the original authors of the Constitution, edited by preeminant liberal theologian Forrest Church. Americans will never stop debating the question of church-state separation, and such debates invariably lead back to the nation’s beginnings and the founders’ intent. The Separation of Church and State presents a basic collection of the founders’ teachings on this topic. This concise primer gets past the rhetoric that surrounds the current debate, placing the founders’ vivid writings on religious liberty in historical perspective. Edited and with running commentary by Forrest Church, this important collection informs anyone curious about the original blueprint for our country and its government. From the Trade Paperback edition.

A Secular Faith

A Secular Faith

Why Christianity Favors the Separation of Church and State

  • Author: Darryl G. Hart
  • Publisher: Ivan R Dee
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 273
  • View: 6551
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Analyzes the widening gap between religious and secular America throughout the past quarter century to present a faith-based argument for the absolute separation of church and state, explaining that Christian politics are inappropriate for a religiously diverse society and fundamentally misconstrue the meaning of the Christian religion.

Separation of Church and State

Separation of Church and State

Founding Principle of Religious Liberty

  • Author: Frank Lambert
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780881464771
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 227
  • View: 406
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Frank Lambert tackles the central claims of the Religious Right historians who insist that America was conceived as a Christian State, that modern-day liberals and secularists have distorted and/or ignored the place of religion in American history, and that the phrase the separation of church and state does not appear in any of the founding documents and is, therefore, a myth created by the Left. He discusses what separates bad history from good history, and concludes that the self-styled historians of the Religious Right create a useful past that enlists the nations founders on behalf of present-day conservative religious and political causes. Lambert believes that the most effective means of critiquing such misuse of history is sound historical investigation that considers all the evidence, not just that which supports an authors biases, and draws reasonable conclusions grounded in historical context.

Jefferson & Madison on Separation of Church and State

Jefferson & Madison on Separation of Church and State

Writings on Religion and Secularism

  • Author: Thomas Jefferson,James Madison,Lenni Brenner
  • Publisher: Barricade Books Incorporated
  • ISBN: 9781569802731
  • Category: History
  • Page: 438
  • View: 7282
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A complete selection of writings from Thomas Jefferson and James Madison focusing specifically on their very forward thinking beliefs in the separation of church and state.

Church and State in America

Church and State in America

The First Two Centuries

  • Author: James H. Hutson
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139467905
  • Category: History
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3221
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This is an account of the ideas about and public policies relating to the relationship between government and religion from the settlement of Virginia in 1607 to the presidency of Andrew Jackson, 1829–37. This book describes the impact and the relationship of various events, legislative, and judicial actions, including the English Toleration Act of 1689, the First and Second Great Awakenings, the Constitution of the United States, the Bill of Rights, and Jefferson's Letter to the Danbury Baptists. Four principles were paramount in the American approach to government's relation to religion: the importance of religion to public welfare; the resulting desirability of government support of religion (within the limitations of political culture); liberty of conscience and voluntaryism; the requirement that religion be supported by free will offerings, not taxation. Hutson analyzes and describes the development and interplay of these principles, and considers the relevance of the concept of the separation of church and state during this period.

Thomas Jefferson and the Wall of Separation Between Church and State

Thomas Jefferson and the Wall of Separation Between Church and State

  • Author: Daniel Dreisbach
  • Publisher: NYU Press
  • ISBN: 0814719368
  • Category: History
  • Page: 283
  • View: 681
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No phrase in American letters has had a more profound influence on church-state law, policy, and discourse than Thomas Jefferson’s “wall of separation between church and state,” and few metaphors have provoked more passionate debate. Introduced in an 1802 letter to the Danbury, Connecticut Baptist Association, Jefferson’s “wall” is accepted by many Americans as a concise description of the U.S. Constitution’s church-state arrangement and conceived as a virtual rule of constitutional law. Despite the enormous influence of the “wall” metaphor, almost no scholarship has investigated the text of the Danbury letter, the context in which it was written, or Jefferson’s understanding of his famous phrase. Thomas Jefferson and the Wall of Separation Between Church and State offers an in-depth examination of the origins, controversial uses, and competing interpretations of this powerful metaphor in law and public policy.

Separating Church and State

Separating Church and State

Roger Williams and Religious Liberty

  • Author: Timothy Hall,Timothy L. Hall
  • Publisher: University of Illinois Press
  • ISBN: 9780252066641
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 206
  • View: 2958
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Roger Williams, founder of the colony of Rhode Island, is famous as an apostle of religious tolerance and a foe of religious establishments. In Separating Church and State, Timothy Hall combines impressive historical and legal scholarship to explore Williams's theory of religious liberty and relate it to current debate. Williams's fierce religious dogmatism, Hall argues, is precisely what led to his religious tolerance, making him one of the most articulate champions in history of the argument for the necessary separation of church and state.

To Build a Wall

To Build a Wall

American Jews and the Separation of Church and State

  • Author: Gregg Ivers
  • Publisher: University of Virginia Press
  • ISBN: 9780813915548
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 5477
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"To Build a Wall represents the first extensive study of the effect of Jewish interest groups on church-state litigation. Ivers carefully traces the evolution of the American Jewish Committee, the American Jewish Congress, and the ADL from benevolent social service agencies to powerful organized interest groups active on all fronts of American politics and public affairs. He draws extensively upon original sources and archival materials from each organization, personal interviews over a five-year period, as well as the personal files and papers of Leo Pfeffer, the lead counsel or amicus curiae in nearly every establishment clause case from the late 1940s through the early eighties. Ivers concludes that organized interests can and do have critical influence in the legal process, but that organizational needs and external demands result in a more ad hoc, less planned approach to law and litigation than much previous scholarship has suggested. Ivers also argues that the ethnic, economic, and religious differences that led to the formation of competing Jewish organizations eighty years ago continue to drive a dynamic pluralism within the Jewish community, manifest in part in divergent approaches to litigation and public affairs."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

The Separation of Church and State

The Separation of Church and State

  • Author: Darien Auburn McWhirter
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 9780897748520
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 189
  • View: 4650
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This book discusses major separation of church and state issues that the Supreme Court has addressed.

Religion and Regimes

Religion and Regimes

Support, Separation, and Opposition

  • Author: Mehran Tamadonfar,Ted G. Jelen
  • Publisher: Lexington Books
  • ISBN: 0739176110
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 304
  • View: 520
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Religion and Regimes: Support, Separation, and Opposition emphasizes the changing political role of religion in various nations of the world. The approach is based on market models of religion, and connects the style of religious politics in a given nation to the nature of competition among dominant religious traditions and their alternatives.

The Religious Roots of the First Amendment

The Religious Roots of the First Amendment

Dissenting Protestants and the Separation of Church and State

  • Author: Nicholas P. Miller
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199942803
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 272
  • View: 6488
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Traditional understandings of the genesis of the separation of church and state rest on assumptions about "Enlightenment" and the republican ethos of citizenship. In The Religious Roots of the First Amendment, Nicholas P. Miller does not seek to dislodge that interpretation but to augment and enrich it by recovering its cultural and discursive religious contexts--specifically the discourse of Protestant dissent. He argues that commitments by certain dissenting Protestants to the right of private judgment in matters of Biblical interpretation, an outgrowth of the doctrine of the priesthood of all believers, helped promote religious disestablishment in the early modern West. This movement climaxed in the disestablishment of religion in the early American colonies and nation. Miller identifies a continuous strand of this religious thought from the Protestant Reformation, across Europe, through the English Reformation, Civil War, and Restoration, into the American colonies. He examines seven key thinkers who played a major role in the development of this religious trajectory as it came to fruition in American political and legal history: William Penn, John Locke, Elisha Williams, Isaac Backus, William Livingston, John Witherspoon, and James Madison. Miller shows that the separation of church and state can be read, most persuasively, as the triumph of a particular strand of Protestant nonconformity-that which stretched back to the Puritan separatist and the Restoration sects, rather than to those, like Presbyterians, who sought to replace the "wrong" church establishment with their own, "right" one. The Religious Roots of the First Amendment contributes powerfully to the current trend among some historians to rescue the eighteenth-century clergymen and religious controversialists from the enormous condescension of posterity.

Religion and the Demise of Liberal Rationalism

Religion and the Demise of Liberal Rationalism

The Foundational Crisis of the Separation of Church and State

  • Author: J. Judd Owen
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 9780226641911
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 218
  • View: 5281
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If liberalism is premised on inclusion, pluralism, and religious neutrality, can the separation of church and state be said to have a unitary and rational foundation? If we accept that there are no self-evident principles of morality or politics, then doesn't any belief in a rational society become a sort of faith? And how can liberalism mediate impartially between various faiths—as it aims to do—if liberalism itself is one of the competing faiths? J. Judd Owen answers these questions with a remarkable critical analysis of four twentieth-century liberal and postliberal thinkers: John Dewey, John Rawls and, most extensively, Richard Rorty and Stanley Fish. His unique readings of these theorists and their approaches to religion lead him to conclusions that are meticulously constructed and surprising, arguing against the perception of liberalism as simple moral or religious neutrality, calling into question the prevailing justifications for separation of church and state, and challenging the way we think about the very basis of constitutional government.

Please Don't Wish Me a Merry Christmas

Please Don't Wish Me a Merry Christmas

A Critical History of the Separation of Church and State

  • Author: Stephen M. Feldman
  • Publisher: NYU Press
  • ISBN: 0814726844
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 408
  • View: 8905
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As the largest political constituency in the United States, women present a radical challenge to the foundations of our political system. The integration of women into political life fundamentally changes the nature of American politics, necessitating a reassessment of the definition of politics, the nature of political action and the purpose of public life. Women Transforming Politics: An Alternative Reader redefines the field of women and politics. By displacing the experiences of white, middle and upper class elite women as central, this volume brings to light the lives and actions of poor and working class women, women of color, and others defined as marginal. Covering topics as diverse as community organizing by South Asian women in New York, the governing styles of Chicana/Latina elected officials in California, the labor struggles of working-class women in Tennessee, the participation pattern of poor African-American women in Ohio, and the challenge of reproductive and sexual rights in international feminist politics, each essay provides a new and more expansive way to think about politics. Contributors representing a wide range of professions including political science, sociology, history, law, grassroots organizing and cultural work challenge us to expand the range of experiences and acts considered political. Combining classic essays by renowned figures with groundbreaking work by a new generation of scholars, the publication of Women Transforming Politics will change forever the study of politics in the United States.

The Oxford Handbook of Church and State in the United States

The Oxford Handbook of Church and State in the United States

  • Author: Derek Davis
  • Publisher: OUP USA
  • ISBN: 0195326245
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 575
  • View: 4253
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21 essays present a scholarly look at the intricacies and past and current debates that frame the American system of church and state, within 5 main areas: history, politics, sociology theology/philosophy and law.

The Dark Side of Church/State Separation

The Dark Side of Church/State Separation

The French Revolution, Nazi Germany, and International Communism

  • Author: Stephen Strehle
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • ISBN: 1412852714
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 401
  • View: 3361
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The Dark Side of Church/State Separation analyzes the Enlightenment's attack upon the Judeo-Christian tradition and its impact upon the development of secular regimes in France, Germany, and Russia. Such regimes followed the anti-Semitic/anti-Christian agenda of the French Enlightenment in blaming the Judeo-Christian tradition for all the ills of European society and believing that human beings can develop their own set of values and purposes through rational means, apart from any revelation from God or Scripture. Stephen Strehle's analysis extends our understanding of church/state relations and its history. He confirms the spiritual roots of modern anti-Semitism within the ideology of the Enlightenment and recognizes the intimate relationship between anti-Semitism and anti-Christianity. Strehle questions the absolute doctrine of church/state separation, given its background in the bigotries of the philosophes. He notes the nefarious motives of subsequent regimes, which used the French doctrine to replace the religious community with the state and its secular ideology. This detailed historical analysis of original sources and secondary literature is woven together with special appreciation for the philosophical and theological ideas that contributed to the emergence of political institutions. Readers will gain an understanding of the most influential ideas shaping the modern world and present-day culture.

Church and State in Western Society

Church and State in Western Society

Established Church, Cooperation and Separation

  • Author: Professor Edward J Eberle
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 1409497801
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 218
  • View: 6883
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The role of religion as a contentious and motivating force in society is examined here through the lens of the church-state dynamic in countries with three very different approaches to this crucial relationship. Focusing on the United Kingdom, where there is official recognition of one religion by the state, the United States, where law imposes a separatism between religion and the state and Germany, where there is cooperation between the church and state, this book compares these three models. It describes the components of each model, illustrates their operation and uses case law to examine what each model might learn from the other. Controversial and timely issues such as the refusal of medical treatment on religious grounds, the wearing of Islamic headscarves and ritual animal slaughter are discussed with new insight, providing a comprehensive review of varied approaches to law, government and religious freedom.