Search Results for "sexual-violence-against-men-in-global-politics"

Sexual Violence Against Men in Global Politics

Sexual Violence Against Men in Global Politics

  • Author: Marysia Zalewski,Paula Drumond,Elisabeth Prugl,Maria Stern
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1315456478
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 278
  • View: 5524
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Sexual violence against men is an under-theorised and under-noticed topic, though it is becoming increasingly apparent that this form of violence is widespread. Yet despite emerging evidence documenting its incidence, especially in conflict and post-conflict zones, efforts to understand its causes and develop strategies to reduce it are hampered by a dearth of theoretical engagement. One of the reasons that might explain its empirical invisibility and theoretical vacuity is its complicated relationship with sexual violence against women. The latter is evident empirically, theoretically, and politically, but the relationship between these violences conjures a range of complex and controversial questions about the ways they might be different, and why and how these differences matter. It is the case that sexual violence (when noticed at all) has historically been understood to happen largely, if not only, to women, allegedly because of their gender and their ensuing place in gender orders. This begs important questions regarding the impact of increasing knowledge about sexual violence against men, including the impact on resources, on understandings about, and experiences of masculinity, and whether the idea and practice of gender hierarchy is outdated. This book engages this diverse set of questions and offers fresh analysis on the incidences of sexual violence against men using both new and existing data. Additionally, the authors pay close attention to some of the controversial debates in the context of sexual violence against men, revisiting and asking new questions about the vexed issue of masculinities and related theories of gender hierarchy. The book will be of great interest to students and scholars of sex, gender, masculinities, corporeality, violence, and global politics, as well as to practitioners and activists.

Sexual Violence Against Men in Global Politics

Sexual Violence Against Men in Global Politics

  • Author: Marysia Zalewski,Paula Drumond,Elisabeth Prugl,Maria Stern
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1315456486
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 278
  • View: 4453
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Sexual violence against men is an under-theorised and under-noticed topic, though it is becoming increasingly apparent that this form of violence is widespread. Yet despite emerging evidence documenting its incidence, especially in conflict and post-conflict zones, efforts to understand its causes and develop strategies to reduce it are hampered by a dearth of theoretical engagement. One of the reasons that might explain its empirical invisibility and theoretical vacuity is its complicated relationship with sexual violence against women. The latter is evident empirically, theoretically, and politically, but the relationship between these violences conjures a range of complex and controversial questions about the ways they might be different, and why and how these differences matter. It is the case that sexual violence (when noticed at all) has historically been understood to happen largely, if not only, to women, allegedly because of their gender and their ensuing place in gender orders. This begs important questions regarding the impact of increasing knowledge about sexual violence against men, including the impact on resources, on understandings about, and experiences of masculinity, and whether the idea and practice of gender hierarchy is outdated. This book engages this diverse set of questions and offers fresh analysis on the incidences of sexual violence against men using both new and existing data. Additionally, the authors pay close attention to some of the controversial debates in the context of sexual violence against men, revisiting and asking new questions about the vexed issue of masculinities and related theories of gender hierarchy. The book will be of great interest to students and scholars of sex, gender, masculinities, corporeality, violence, and global politics, as well as to practitioners and activists.

Rape Loot Pillage

Rape Loot Pillage

The Political Economy of Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict

  • Author: Sara Meger
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190277661
  • Category: Rape as a weapon of war
  • Page: 248
  • View: 5458
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The securitization of sexual violence -- Toward a feminist political economy of sexual violence in war -- A preliminary typology of wartime sexual violence -- Sexual violence as an instrument of terror/torture -- Sexual violence as a weapon of war -- Sexual violence as an element of genocide -- The political economy of sexual violence in the DRC -- Sexual violence against men and boys in armed conflict -- From fetishization to politicization and gendered peace

The Political Economy of Violence Against Women

The Political Economy of Violence Against Women

  • Author: Jacqui True
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199755914
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 242
  • View: 4892
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Violence against women is a major problem in all countries, affecting women in every socio-economic group and at every life stage. Yet, when women enjoy good social and economic status they are less vulnerable to violence across all societies. This book develops a political economy approach to understanding violence against women - from the household to the transnational level - accounting for its globally increasing scale and brutality.

Sexual Violence and Armed Conflict

Sexual Violence and Armed Conflict

  • Author: Janie L. Leatherman
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0745658350
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 661
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Every year, hundreds of thousands of women become victims of sexual violence in conflict zones around the world; in the Democratic Republic of Congo alone, approximately 1,100 rapes are reported each month. This book offers a comprehensive analysis of the causes, consequences and responses to sexual violence in contemporary armed conflict. It explores the function and effect of wartime sexual violence and examines the conditions that make women and girls most vulnerable to these acts both before, during and after conflict. To understand the motivations of the men (and occasionally women) who perpetrate this violence, the book analyzes the role played by systemic and situational factors such as patriarchy and militarized masculinity. Difficult questions of accountability are tackled; in particular, the case of child soldiers, who often suffer a double victimization when forced to commit sexual atrocities. The book concludes by looking at strategies of prevention and protection as well as new programs being set up on the ground to support the rehabilitation of survivors and their communities. Sexual violence in war has long been a taboo subject but, as this book shows, new and courageous steps are at last being taken Ð at both local and international level - to end what has been called the “greatest silence in history”.

Sexual Violence in Conflict and Post-Conflict Societies

Sexual Violence in Conflict and Post-Conflict Societies

International Agendas and African Contexts

  • Author: Doris Buss,Joanne Lebert,Blair Rutherford,Donna Sharkey,Obijiofor Aginam
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317679970
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 290
  • View: 6736
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This book brings together a unique blend of researchers, civil society and community activists all working on different aspects of conflict sexual violence on the African continent. The contributions included here offer a detailed reading of the social and political climate within which some patterns of sexual violence unfold, and the increased policy and institutional responses shaping post-conflict environments. The chapters are organized around three main themes: the continuities between conflict sexual violence and post-conflict insecurity; the troubling category of "victim" and its representation in post-conflict settings; and the international contexts – such as international programming, aid and justice interventions – that shape how conflict sexual violence is addressed. The authors come to the topic from various academic disciplines - anthropology, gender studies, law, and psychology - and from different non-academic contexts, including civil society organizations in affected regions, and policy and activist organizations in the Global North. Collectively the chapters in this volume offer complex and detailed analysis of some of the debates and dynamics shaping contemporary understandings of conflict sexual violence, highlighting, in turn, new insights and emerging topics on which further research and advocacy is needed.

Sexual Violence in Conflict Zones

Sexual Violence in Conflict Zones

From the Ancient World to the Era of Human Rights

  • Author: Elizabeth D. Heineman
  • Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
  • ISBN: 0812204344
  • Category: History
  • Page: 352
  • View: 345
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Since the 1990s, sexual violence in conflict zones has received much media attention. In large part as a result of grassroots feminist organizing in the 1970s and 1980s, mass rapes in the wars in the former Yugoslavia and during the Rwandan genocide received widespread coverage, and international organizations—from courts to NGOs to the UN—have engaged in systematic efforts to hold perpetrators accountable and to ameliorate the effects of wartime sexual violence. Yet many millennia of conflict preceded these developments, and we know little about the longer-term history of conflict-based sexual violence. Sexual Violence in Conflict Zones helps to fill in the historical gaps. It provides insight into subjects that are of deep concern to the human rights community, such as the aftermath of conflict-based sexual violence, legal strategies for prosecuting it, the economic functions of sexual violence, and the ways perceived religious or racial difference can create or aggravate settings of sexual danger. Essays in the volume span a broad geographic, chronological, and thematic scope, touching on the ancient world, medieval Europe, the American Revolutionary War, precolonial and colonial Africa, Muslim Central Asia, the two world wars, and the Bangladeshi War of Independence. By considering a wide variety of cases, the contributors analyze the factors making sexual violence in conflict zones more or less likely and the resulting trauma more or less devastating. Topics covered range from the experiences of victims and the motivations of perpetrators, to the relationship between wartime and peacetime sexual violence, to the historical background of the contemporary feminist-inflected human rights moment. In bringing together historical and contemporary perspectives, this wide-ranging collection provides historians and human rights activists with tools for understanding long-term consequences of sexual violence as war-ravaged societies struggle to achieve postconflict stability.

Rethinking Violence against Women

Rethinking Violence against Women

  • Author: Rebecca Emerson Dobash,Russell P. Dobash
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • ISBN: 1452250553
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 288
  • View: 6854
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This cutting-edge volume advances theories, methodologies and policy analyses relating to various forms of violence against women. Topics covered include: the nature, importance and variety of cultural contexts in which violence occurs, is reproduced and may be challenged or changed; the nature and variety of sexualized violence; and a range of theoretical perspectives on perpetrators of violence. Taking an interdisciplinary focus on issues that affect community and state responses, the book includes individual accounts, and incorporates themes related to authority, sexual proprietariness, asymmetry of violence, socialization, patterns and deviations of victims and offenders, and social and cultural contexts.

International Law and Sexual Violence in Armed Conflicts

International Law and Sexual Violence in Armed Conflicts

  • Author: Chile Eboe-Osuji
  • Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
  • ISBN: 9004227229
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 372
  • View: 3545
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Sexual violence is a particular brand of evil that women have endured—more than men—during armed conflicts, through the ages. It is a menace that has continued to challenge the conscience of humanity—especially in our times. At the international level, basic laws aimed at preventing it are not in short supply. What is needed is a more conscious determination to enforce existing laws. This book explores ways of doing just that; thereby shoring up international legal protection of women from sexual violence in armed conflicts.

Sexual Violence as a Weapon of War?

Sexual Violence as a Weapon of War?

Perceptions, Prescriptions, Problems in the Congo and Beyond

  • Author: Maria Eriksson Baaz,Professor Maria Stern
  • Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.
  • ISBN: 178032166X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 168
  • View: 629
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All too often in conflict situations, rape is referred to as a 'weapon of war', a term presented as self-explanatory through its implied storyline of gender and warring. In this provocative but much-needed book, Eriksson Baaz and Stern challenge the dominant understandings of sexual violence in conflict and post-conflict settings. Reading with and against feminist analyses of the interconnections between gender, warring, violence and militarization, the authors address many of the thorny issues inherent in the arrival of sexual violence on the global security agenda. Based on original fieldwork in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, as well as research material from other conflict zones, Sexual Violence as a Weapon of War? challenges the recent prominence given to sexual violence, bravely highlighting various problems with isolating sexual violence from other violence in war. A much-anticipated book by two acknowledged experts in the field, on an issue that has become an increasingly important security, legal and gender topic.

Gender, Violence and Security

Gender, Violence and Security

Discourse as Practice

  • Author: Laura Shepherd
  • Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.
  • ISBN: 1848136811
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 224
  • View: 6987
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How do understandings of the relationships between gender, violence, security and the international inform policy and practice in which these notions are central? What are the practical implications of basing policy on problematic discourses? In this highly original poststructural feminist critique, the author maps the discursive terrains of institutions, both NGOs and the UN, which formulate and implement resolutions and guides of practice that affect gender issues in the context of international policy practices. The author investigates UN Security Council Resolution 1325, passed in 2000 to address gender issues in conflict areas, in order to examine the discursive construction of security policy that takes gender seriously. In doing so, she argues that language is not merely descriptive of social/political reality but rather constitutive of it. Moving from concept to discourse, and in turn to practice, the author analyses the ways in which the resolution's discursive construction had an enormous influence over the practicalities of its implementation, and how the resulting tensions and inconsistencies in its construction contributed to its failures. The book argues for a re-conceptualisation of gendered violence in conjunction with security, in order to avoid partial and highly problematic understandings of their practical relationship. Drawing together theoretical work on discourses of gender violence and international security, sexualised violence in war, gender and peace processes, and the domestic-international dichotomy with her own rigorous empirical investigation, the author develops a compelling discourse-theoretical analysis that promises to have far-reaching impact in both academic and policy environments.

Handbook on Gender in World Politics

Handbook on Gender in World Politics

  • Author: Jill Steans,Daniela Tepe-Belfrage
  • Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 1783470623
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 528
  • View: 5695
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The Handbook on Gender in World Politics is an up-to-date, comprehensive, multi-disciplinary compendium of scholarship in gender studies. The text provides an indispensable reference guide for scholars and students interrogating gender issues in international and global contexts. Substantive areas covered include: statecraft, citizenship and the politics of belonging, international law and human rights, media and communications technologies, political economy, development, global governance and transnational visions of politics and solidarities.

A Deafening Silence

A Deafening Silence

Hidden Violence Against Women and Children

  • Author: Romito, Patrizia
  • Publisher: Policy Press
  • ISBN: 9781861349613
  • Category: Family & Relationships
  • Page: 223
  • View: 3677
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This book analyses male violence against women and children, and the mechanisms society develops to push it out of sight.

Some Men

Some Men

Feminist Allies and the Movement to End Violence Against Women

  • Author: Michael A. Messner,Max A. Greenberg,Tal Peretz
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 0199338779
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 7327
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What does it mean for men to join with women as allies in preventing sexual assault and domestic violence? Based on life history interviews with men and women anti-violence activists aged 22 to 70, Some Men explores the strains and tensions of men's work as feminist allies. When feminist women began to mobilize against rape and domestic violence, setting up shelters and rape crisis centers, a few men asked what they could do to help. They were directed "upstream," and told to "talk to the men" with the goal of preventing future acts of violence. This is a book about men who took this charge seriously, committing themselves to working with boys and men to stop violence, and to change the definition of what it means to be a man. The book examines the experiences of three generational cohorts: a movement cohort of men who engaged with anti-violence work in the 1970s and early 1980s, during the height of the feminist anti-violence mobilizations; a bridge cohort who engaged with anti-violence work from the mid-1980s into the 1990s, as feminism receded as a mass movement and activists built sustainable organizations; a professional cohort who engaged from the mid-1990s to the present, as anti-violence work has become embedded in community and campus organizations, non-profits, and the state. Across these different time periods, stories from life history interviews illuminate men's varying paths--including men of different ethnic and class backgrounds--into anti-violence work. Some Men explores the promise of men's violence prevention work with boys and men in schools, college sports, fraternities, and the U.S. military. It illuminates the strains and tensions of such work--including the reproduction of male privilege in feminist spheres--and explores how men and women navigate these tensions. To learn more please visit somemen.org

Against Our Will

Against Our Will

Men, Women and Rape

  • Author: Susan Brownmiller
  • Publisher: Open Road Media
  • ISBN: 1480441953
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 472
  • View: 5879
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Susan Brownmiller’s groundbreaking bestseller uncovers the culture of violence against women with a devastating exploration of the history of rape—now with a new preface by the author exposing the undercurrents of rape still present today Rape, as author Susan Brownmiller proves in her startling and important book, is not about sex but about power, fear, and subjugation. For thousands of years, it has been viewed as an acceptable “spoil of war,” used as a weapon by invading armies to crush the will of the conquered. The act of rape against women has long been cloaked in lies and false justifications. It is ignored, tolerated, even encouraged by governments and military leaders, misunderstood by police and security organizations, freely employed by domineering husbands and lovers, downplayed by medical and legal professionals more inclined to “blame the victim,” and, perhaps most shockingly, accepted in supposedly civilized societies worldwide, including the United States. Against Our Will is a classic work that has been widely credited with changing prevailing attitudes about violence against women by awakening the public to the true and continuing tragedy of rape around the globe and throughout the ages. Selected by the New York Times Book Review as an Outstanding Book of the Year and included among the New York Public Library’s Books of the Century, Against Our Will remains an essential work of sociological and historical importance.

Sex and International Tribunals

Sex and International Tribunals

The Erasure of Gender from the War Narrative

  • Author: Chiseche Salome Mibenge
  • Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
  • ISBN: 0812208420
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 4660
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Chiseche Salome Mibenge applies stringent analysis to the humanitarian but flawed legal narratives of sexual violence in Rwanda and Sierra Leone, calling for more nuanced analysis of how gender shapes violence and access to justice for survivors.

Studying the Agency of Being Governed

Studying the Agency of Being Governed

  • Author: Stina Hansson,Sofie Hellberg,Maria Stern
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317624483
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 210
  • View: 7454
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This edited volume seeks to provide guidance on how we can approach questions of governing and agency—particularly those who endeavour to embark on grounded empirical research— by rendering explicit some key challenges, tensions, dilemmas, and confluences that such endeavours elicit. Indeed, the contributions in this volume reflect the growing tendency in governmentality studies to shift focus to empirically grounded studies. The volume thus explicitly aims to move from theory to practice, and to step back from the more top-down governmentality studies approach to one that examines how one can/does study how relations of power affect lives, experience and agency. This book offers insight into the intricate relations between the workings of governing and (the possibility for) people’s agency on the one hand, and about the possible effects of our attempts to engage in such studies on the other. In numerous ways, and from different starting points, the contributions to this volume provide thoughtful insights into, and creative suggestions for, how to work with the methodological challenges of studying the agency of being governed. This work will be of great interest to students and scholars of international relations, global governance and research methods.

Redefining Rape

Redefining Rape

  • Author: Estelle B. Freedman
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674728491
  • Category: History
  • Page: 414
  • View: 6592
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The uproar over "legitimate rape" during the 2012 U.S. elections confirms that rape remains a word in flux, subject to political power and social privilege. Redefining Rape describes the forces that have shaped the meaning of sexual violence in the U.S., through the experiences of accusers, assailants, and advocates for change.

Gender, Conflict, and Development

Gender, Conflict, and Development

  • Author: Tsjeard Bouta,Georg Frerks,Ian Bannon
  • Publisher: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN: 9780821359686
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 192
  • View: 783
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This publication focuses on the gender dimensions of intrastate conflicts (civil wars), organised around eight key themes of gender and warfare, sexual violence, formal and informal peace processes, post-conflict legal frameworks, work issues, rehabilitation of social services and community-driven development. For each theme, the authors examine the impact on gender roles of conflict situations, the development challenges involved, and the policy options available to help build more inclusive and gender balanced post-conflict societies.

Conflict-Related Violence Against Women

Conflict-Related Violence Against Women

Transforming Transition

  • Author: Aisling Swaine
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107106346
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 367
  • View: 1985
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This book expands the current 'weapon of war' discourse on sexual violence, highlighting a wider spectrum of conflict-related violence against women.