Search Results for "social-capital-of-organizations-18-research-in-the-sociology-of-organizations"

Social Capital of Organizations

Social Capital of Organizations

  • Author: Shaul M. Gabbay,Roger Th. A. J. Leenders
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 9780762307708
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 291
  • View: 1024
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The theory of social capital asserts that social actors gain resources through relationships with other actors. While social capital research has largely focused on individuals as the unit of analysis, this volume looks at social capital of organizations, or Corporate Social Capital (CSC).

Social Movements, Stakeholders and Non-Market Strategy

Social Movements, Stakeholders and Non-Market Strategy

  • Author: Forrest Briscoe,Brayden King,Jocelyn Leitzinger
  • Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
  • ISBN: 1787543501
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 310
  • View: 8096
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This edited collection brings together research that bridges the domains of stakeholder theory, non-market strategy and social movement theory.

Corporate Social Capital and Liability

Corporate Social Capital and Liability

  • Author: Roger Th.A.J. Leenders,Shaul M. Gabbay
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1461550270
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 562
  • View: 5181
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In studies of inter-organizational relations (lOR's), there is a tendency to look at dyads of flrms, and to consider networks as aggregates of such dyads. But there are several roles for a third party; a go-between. This chapter looks at a go-between not in the sense of a middleman who intermediates in existing production or trade, such as an agent, wholesaler, retailer, and not in the sense of an entrepreneur who intermediates in the realization of new potential in connecting supply and demand. It looks at a go between in the sense of a relationship counsellor for the development and maintenance of social capital; providing support in setting up, adapting and ending cooperative relations between others. Or, in yet different terms: to help in the embedding of relati ons, in Granovetter's (1985) sense (Uzzi 1997a). Such roles may be performed by middlemen or entrepreneurs, but also by specialized agents who do not playa direct role in linking stages in a chain of production and distribution, as middlemen and entrepreneurs typically do. Indeed, some of the roles require an independence that is served by not having a direct stake in the relations that need to be developed. I propose that the analysis yields a perspective for looking at the roles of trade and industry associations in European business systems, and of banks and trading houses in Japanese enterprise groups (Kigyo Shudan).

Social Networks and Organizations

Social Networks and Organizations

  • Author: Martin Kilduff,Wenpin Tsai
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 9781446230824
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 172
  • View: 8094
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`The authors should be congratulated for not only offering an excellent tour de force of cutting-edge work in social network analysis, but also charting some new possible territories for future organizational research' - Environment and Planning Social Networks and Organizations provides a compact introduction to major concepts in the area of organizational social networks. The book covers the rudiments of methods, explores major debates, and directs attention to theoretical directions, including a vigorous critique of some taken-for-granted assumptions. The book is aimed at all of those who seek a lucid and lively treatment of social network approaches to organizational research, with a particular emphasis on the neglected area of interpersonal networks in organizations. In this book, Martin Kilduff and Wenpin Tsai offer new insights to those already familiar with network analysis, and motivate those interested in pursuing network research to embark on journeys of discovery. `This book is extremely timely. It provides a wonderful synthesis of the recently burgeoning literature in the area of organizations and social networks. It should be relevant at once for both the experienced network scholar as well as those entering this growing area' - Ranjay Gulati, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University `Martin Kilduff and Wenpin Tsai have done a marvellous job of not only reviewing and integrating the diverse streams of literatures on social networks, but also of showing the enormous potential of this research approach that still lies untapped. Overall, this book will prove to be an invaluable resource for interested graduate students as well as for established scholars in the field' - Sumantra Ghoshal, Professor of Strategic and International Management, London Business School `Research on social networks is already one of the most vibrant areas of organizational inquiry. How can it possibly become any more so? This book by Kilduff and Tsai opens up many new avenues for network research and theory-building. Whether you're newly-interested in social networks or a veteran of the topic, you will benefit from Kilduff and Tsai's marvellous contribution' - Donald C Hambrick, Smeal College of Business Administration, The Pennsylvania State University

The role of social capital in human capital investment

The role of social capital in human capital investment

a social network approach to college success in the first year

  • Author: Todd Andrew Berry,The University of Wisconsin - Madison
  • Publisher: ProQuest
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 237
  • View: 7053
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Freshman dropouts and retainees were also compared. Returning students tended to have more direct and two-step study ties, and considered their ties more important. In concluding sections, limitations to and proposals for research were outlined, and practical advice offered on learning communities, admissions, financial aid, and the pivotal first term.

The Oxford Handbook of Sociology, Social Theory, and Organization Studies

The Oxford Handbook of Sociology, Social Theory, and Organization Studies

Contemporary Currents

  • Author: Paul S. Adler,Paul Du Gay,Glenn Morgan,Michael Reed
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 0199671087
  • Category: Organizational behavior
  • Page: 752
  • View: 310
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This title examines how contemporary currents in sociology and social theory have influenced the field of organisation studies. It aims to combat the tendency towards myopia in the organisation studies field, which encourages reliance on resources and references drawn from within the field and discourages scholars from going beyond these boundaries to find inspiration and ideas. The contributing authors show how sociologists and sociological concepts from the US and Europe have provided new insights into the functioning of organisations.

Social Capital

Social Capital

A Theory of Social Structure and Action

  • Author: Nan Lin
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521521673
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 278
  • View: 1181
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Social Resources and Social Action explains the importance of using social connections and social relations in achieving goals. Social capital, or resources accessed through such connections and relations, is critical (along with human capital, or what a person or organization actually possesses) in achieving goals for individuals, social groups, organizations, and communities. The book introduces a theory which forcefully argues and shows why "it is who you know," as well as "what you know" that makes a difference in life and society.

Unanticipated Gains

Unanticipated Gains

Origins of Network Inequality in Everyday Life

  • Author: Mario Luis Small
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199764093
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 298
  • View: 3959
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Social capital theorists have shown that some people do better than others in part because they enjoy larger, more supportive, or otherwise more useful networks. But why do some people have better networks than others? Unanticipated Gains argues that the practice and structure of the churches, colleges, firms, gyms, childcare centers, and schools in which people happen to participate routinely matter more than their deliberate "networking." Exploring the experiences of New York City mothers whose children were enrolled in childcare centers, this book examines why a great deal of these mothers, after enrolling their children, dramatically expanded both the size and usefulness of their personal networks. Whether, how, and how much the mother's networks were altered--and how useful these networks were--depended on the apparently trivial, but remarkably consequential, practices and regulations of the centers. The structure of parent-teacher organizations, the frequency of fieldtrips, and the rules regarding drop-off and pick-up times all affected the mothers' networks. Relying on scores of in-depth interviews with mothers, quantitative data on both mothers and centers, and detailed case studies of other routine organizations, Small shows that how much people gain from their connections depends substantially on institutional conditions they often do not control, and through everyday processes they may not even be aware of. Emphasizing not the connections that people make, but the context in which they are made, Unanticipated Gains presents a major new perspective on social capital and on the mechanisms producing social inequality.

Longitudinally Exploring Organizations

Longitudinally Exploring Organizations

  • Author: Mario Benassi
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9788813244095
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 229
  • View: 7114
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Social Networks and Organizations

Social Networks and Organizations

  • Author: Martin Kilduff,Wenpin Tsai
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 9780761969570
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 172
  • View: 4916
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'Social Networks and Organizations' provides a compact introduction to major concepts in the area of organizational social networks.

The Nonprofit Human Resource Management Handbook

The Nonprofit Human Resource Management Handbook

From Theory to Practice

  • Author: Jessica K. A. Word,Jessica E. Sowa
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351722360
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 404
  • View: 2496
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As an increasing number of individuals go to work in the nonprofit sector, nonprofit managers need support on how best to build their human resource management capacity. They need to know what systems to examine, what questions to ask, and how to ensure they are managing people in a legal manner and as effectively as possible given their particular resource constraints. Important questions include: Do we have a clear philosophy, one that aligns with our nonprofit mission and values and allows us to treat our employees as the professionals they are? How do we select, develop, and retain the best people who will produce high value, high performance work, and how do we do so with limited resources? How do we effectively manage our mix of volunteers and paid staff? What do we need to consider to ensure diverse people work together in a harmonious fashion? With all-new chapters written by the top scholars in the field of nonprofit HRM, these are but a few of the many questions that are addressed in this timely volume.? These scholars delve into their particular areas of expertise, offering a comprehensive look at theories and trends; legal and ethical issues; how to build HRM from recruitment, management, labor relations, to training and appraisal; as well as topics in diversity, technology, and paid versus volunteer workforce management. This essential handbook offers all core topic coverage as well as countless insider insights, additional resource lists, and tool sets for practical application. With chapters grounded in existing research, but also connecting research to practice for those in the field, The Nonprofit Human Resource Management Handbook will be required reading for a generation of scholars, students, and practitioners of nonprofit human resource management.?

Contexts of Social Capital

Contexts of Social Capital

Social Networks in Markets, Communities and Families

  • Author: Ray-May Hsung,Nan Lin,Ronald L. Breiger
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 113422074X
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 388
  • View: 5534
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The concept of social capital refers to the ways in which people make use of their social networks in "getting ahead." Social capital isn’t just about the connections in networks, but fundamentally concerns the distribution of resources on the basis of exchanges. This volume focuses on how social capital interacts with social institutions, based on the premise that markets, communities, and families are the major contexts within which people meet and build up social networks and the foci to create social capital. Featuring innovations in thinking about exchange mechanisms, resource distribution, institutional logics, resource diversity, and the degree of openness or closure of social networks, these chapters present some of the most important advances in this essential field. Paralleling these theoretical developments, the chapters also improve practical methodological work on social capital research, using new techniques and measurement methods for the uncovering of social logics.

Processes of Community Change and Social Action

Processes of Community Change and Social Action

  • Author: Allen M. Omoto
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 1135628823
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 214
  • View: 1379
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This volume--an outgrowth of the annual meeting of the Claremont Symposium on Applied Social Psychology--focuses on examples of social change and community action, and the processes at work in creating change. The presenters engaged each other and the audience in thinking about how best to create and sustain social change. This volume represents a product of their cumulative insight, research results, and perspectives, including chapters from each of the symposium presenters, as well as a few selected chapters from other noted scholars. Taken as a whole, the volume is highly accessible and presents findings from provocative and programmatic research that offer illuminating lessons for anyone interested in attempts at community change, civic participation, and social action. Processes of Community Change and Social Action provides cutting-edge and complementary approaches to understanding the causes and effects of broad civic participation. The contributors to this volume are all distinguished researchers and theorists, well known for their work on different aspects of processes of community change and social action. They address topics related to service learning, social movements, political socialization, civil society, and especially volunteerism. This unique interdisciplinary collection appeals to social, personality, community, and developmental psychologists, sociologists, and public health researchers. It also should be of considerable interest to practitioners of social action and individuals working to create social change.

The Oxford Handbook of Gender in Organizations

The Oxford Handbook of Gender in Organizations

  • Author: Savita Kumra,Ruth Simpson,Ronald J. Burke
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191632759
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 752
  • View: 5461
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The issue of gender in organizations has attracted much attention and debate over a number of years. The focus of examination is inequality of opportunity between the genders and the impact this has on organizations, individual men and women, and society as a whole. It is undoubtedly the case that progress has been made with women participating in organizational life in greater numbers and at more senior levels than has been historically the case, challenging notions that senior and/or influential organizational and political roles remain a masculine domain. The Oxford Handbook of Gender in Organizations is a comprehensive analysis of thinking and research on gender in organizations with original contributions from key international scholars in the field. The Handbook comprises four sections. The first looks at the theoretical roots and potential for theoretical development in respect of the topic of gender in organizations. The second section focuses on leadership and management and the gender issues arising in this field; contributors review the extensive literature and reflect on progress made as well as commenting on hurdles yet to be overcome. The third section considers the gendered nature of careers. Here the focus is on querying traditional approaches to career, surfacing embedded assumptions within traditional approaches, and assessing potential for alternative patterns to evolve, taking into account the nature of women's lives and the changing nature of organizations. In its final section the Handbook examines masculinity in organizations to assess the diversity of masculinities evident within organizations and the challenges posed to those outside the norm. In bringing together a broad range of research and thinking on gender in organizations across a number of disciplines, sub-disciplines, and conceptual perspectives, the Handbook provides a comprehensive view of both contemporary thinking and future research directions.

Social Enterprises

Social Enterprises

An Organizational Perspective

  • Author: B. Gidron,Y. Hasenfeld
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137035307
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 273
  • View: 4581
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Presents an organizational perspective of social enterprises, which allows us to analyze issues such as their governing structure, their modes of operation and their marketing strategies, and to begin to formulate some theoretical constructs on how these entities can survive and thrive.

Handbook of Social Capital

Handbook of Social Capital

The Troika of Sociology, Political Science and Economics

  • Author: Gert Tinggaard Svendsen,Gunnar Lind Haase Svendsen
  • Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 1848447485
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 460
  • View: 5929
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Given the current global economic crisis that has its root causes in the psychology of the marketplace every bit as much as any other factor, the Handbook of Social Capital is timely, insightful, informed, informative, thoughtful and thought-provoking reading. . . A compilation of impressive and extensive scholarship, the Handbook of Social Capital is strongly recommended for academic and professional library reference collections. Library Bookwatch, Midwest Book Review The Handbook of Social Capital offers an important contribution to the study of bonding and bridging social capital networks, balancing the troika of sociology, political science and economics. Eminent contributors, including Nobel Prize winner Elinor Ostrom, explore the different scientific approaches required if international research is to embrace both the bright and the more shadowy aspects of social capital. The Handbook stresses the importance of trust for economies all over the world and contains a strong advocacy for cross-disciplinary work within the social sciences. Social capital is becoming one of the most important and hotly discussed topics of today. This inter-disciplinary Handbook intends to serve as a bridge for students and scholars across the social sciences.

Handbook of Community Movements and Local Organizations

Handbook of Community Movements and Local Organizations

  • Author: Ram A. Cnaan,Carl Milofsky
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9780387757292
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 436
  • View: 8433
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Although the way associations and the organization of local social life are intertwined is one of the oldest approaches to community study, the way citizens and residents come together informally to act and solve problems has rarely been a primary focus. Associations are central to important and developing areas of social theory and social action. This handbook takes voluntary associations as the starting point for making sense of communities. It offers a new perspective on voluntary organizations and gives an integrated, yet diverse, theoretical understanding of this important aspect of community life.

Community Practice

Community Practice

Theories and Skills for Social Workers

  • Author: David A. Hardcastle
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780199842650
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 456
  • View: 7940
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For almost two decades, Community Practice has been a definitive text for social workers, community practitioners, and students eager to help individuals contribute to and use community resources or work to change oppressive community structures. In this third edition, a wealth of new charts and cases spotlight the linkages between theoretical orientations and practical skills, with an enhanced emphasis on the inherently political nature of social work and community practice. Boxes, examples, and exercises illustrate the range of skills and strategies available to savvy community practitioners in the 21st century, including networking, marketing and staging, political advocacy, and leveraging information and communication technologies. Other features include: - New material on community practice ethics, critical practice skills, community assessment and assets inventory and mapping, social problem analysis, and applying community ractice skills to casework practice - Consideration of post-9/11 community challenges - Discussion on the changing ethnic composition of America and what this means for practitioners - An exploration of a vastly changed political landscape following the election of President Obama, the Great Recession, the rise of the Tea Party, and the increasing political and corporate use of pseudo-grassroots endeavors - A completely revamped instructor's manual available online at www.oup.com/us/communitypractice This fully revised classic text provides a comprehensive and integrated overview of the community theory and skills fundamental to all areas of social work practice. Broad in scope and intensive in analysis, it is suitable for undergraduate as well as graduate study. Community Practice offers students and practitioners the tools necessary to promote the welfare of individuals and communities by tapping into the ecological foundations of community and social work practice.

Handbook of the Social Psychology of Inequality

Handbook of the Social Psychology of Inequality

  • Author: Jane McLeod,Edward Lawler,Michael Schwalbe
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 9401790027
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 749
  • View: 8885
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This volume provides the first comprehensive overview of social psychological research on inequality for a graduate student and professional audience. Drawing on all of the major theoretical traditions in sociological social psychology, its chapters demonstrate the relevance of social psychological processes to this central sociological concern. Each chapter in the volume has a distinct substantive focus, but the chapters will also share common emphases on: • The unique contributions of sociological social psychology • The historical roots of social psychological concepts and theories in classic sociological writings • The complementary and conflicting insights that derive from different social psychological traditions in sociology. This Handbook is of interest to graduate students preparing for careers in social psychology or in inequality, professional sociologists and university/college libraries.

Local Organizations and Urban Governance in East and Southeast Asia

Local Organizations and Urban Governance in East and Southeast Asia

Straddling state and society

  • Author: Benjamin L. Read,Robert Pekkanen
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134006683
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 208
  • View: 3464
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This edited collection brings together enterprising pieces of new research on the many forms of organization in East and Southeast Asia that are sponsored or mandated by government, but engage widespread participation at the grassroots level. Straddling the state-society divide, these organizations play important roles in society and politics, yet remain only dimly understood. This book shines a spotlight on this phenomenon, which speaks to fundamental questions about how such societies choose to organize themselves, how institutions of local governance change over time, and how individuals respond to and make use of the power of the state. The contributors investigate organizations ranging from volunteer-based organizations that partner with government in providing services for homeless children, to state-managed networks of neighborhood- or village-level associations that perform representative as well as administrative functions and seeks to answer a number of questions: When do the "vertical," top-down imperatives of the state stifle "horizontal" solidarities, and when might the two work in harmony? Are useful social and administrative purposes served by this type of fusion? Does it amplify or merely muffle citizens’ voices? What does it tell us about existing accounts of community, social capital, "synergy," "complementarity," "subsidiarity," and related concepts? Representing seven countries: China, Japan, Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia, Taiwan, and Singapore this volume will be of interest to undergraduates, postgraduates and academics in Asian studies, political science, sociology, anthropology, development, history, nonprofit studies.