Search Results for "social-justice-from-hume-to-hayek"

Social Justice

Social Justice

From Hume to Walzer

  • Author: David Boucher,Paul Joseph Kelly
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 9780415149976
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 3991
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This volume brings together leading theorists to discuss the latest thinking on social justice - a central concern of contemporary politics and political philosophy. Contributors such as Carole Pateman, Raymond Plant and Chris Brown explore: * the origins of the concept * the contributions of thinkers such as Hume, Kant and Mill * issues such as international justice, economic justice, justice and the environment and special rights. By bringing together the latest applications of theories of justice with a discussion of origins, Perspectives on Social Justice provides a helpful overview for students and specialists alike.

Law, Legislation and Liberty, Volume 2

Law, Legislation and Liberty, Volume 2

The Mirage of Social Justice

  • Author: F. A. Hayek
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 0226320839
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 210
  • View: 5627
DOWNLOAD NOW »
F. A. Hayek made many valuable contributions to the field of economics as well as to the disciplines of philosophy and politics. This volume represents the second of Hayek's comprehensive three-part study of the relations between law and liberty. Here, Hayek expounds his conviction that he continued unexamined pursuit of "social justice" will contribute to the erosion of personal liberties and encourage the advent of totalitarianism.

Theory and Practice in the Philosophy of David Hume

Theory and Practice in the Philosophy of David Hume

  • Author: James Wiley
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137026421
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 328
  • View: 1653
DOWNLOAD NOW »
An original interpretation of Hume's philosophy as centered on the relationship between theory and practice. The author argues that Hume's Essays and History represent a humanist practical philosophy derived from the speculative philosophy of A Treatise of Human Nature and the Enquiries .

Social Justice Isn't What You Think It Is

Social Justice Isn't What You Think It Is

  • Author: Michael Novak,Paul Adams
  • Publisher: Encounter Books
  • ISBN: 1594038287
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 336
  • View: 667
DOWNLOAD NOW »
What is social justice? For Friedrich Hayek, it was a mirage—a meaningless, ideological, incoherent, vacuous cliché. He believed the term should be avoided, abandoned, and allowed to die a natural death. For its proponents, social justice is a catchall term that can be used to justify any progressive-sounding government program. It endures because it venerates its champions and brands its opponents as supporters of social injustice, and thus as enemies of humankind. As an ideological marker, social justice always works best when it is not too sharply defined. In Social Justice Isn’t What You Think It Is, Michael Novak and Paul Adams seek to clarify the true meaning of social justice and to rescue it from its ideological captors. In examining figures ranging from Antonio Rosmini, Abraham Lincoln, and Hayek, to Popes Leo XIII, John Paul II, and Francis, the authors reveal that social justice is not a synonym for “progressive” government as we have come to believe. Rather, it is a virtue rooted in Catholic social teaching and developed as an alternative to the unchecked power of the state. Almost all social workers see themselves as progressives, not conservatives. Yet many of their “best practices” aim to empower families and local communities. They stress not individual or state, but the vast social space between them. Left and right surprisingly meet. In this surprising reintroduction of its original intention, social justice represents an immensely powerful virtue for nurturing personal responsibility and building the human communities that can counter the widespread surrender to an ever-growing state.

Hayek and Modern Liberalism

Hayek and Modern Liberalism

  • Author: Chandran Kukathas
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 247
  • View: 9644
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In the history of modern liberal thought, the work of F.A. Hayek stands out as among the most significant contributions since that of J.S. Mill. In this book, Kukathas critically examines the nature and coherence of Hayek's defense of liberal principles, attempting both to identify its weaknesses and to show why it makes an important contribution to contemporary political theory. Kukathas argues that Hayek's defense of liberalism is unsuccessful because it rests on presuppositions which are philosophically incompatible. In his view, the unresolved dilemma of Hayek's political philosophy is how to mount a systematic defense of liberalism if one emphasizes the limited capacity of human reason. Hayek's social philosophy, he argues, offers a significant theory of the nature of social processes, and is therefore an important account of how this must constrain our choice of political principles.

The Mirage of Social Justice

The Mirage of Social Justice

  • Author: Friedrich August Hayek
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 9780710084033
  • Category: Democracy
  • Page: 195
  • View: 3595
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This is a three-part study of the relations between law and liberty. Volume 1 deals with the basic conceptions necessary for a critical analysis of prevailing theories of justice and of the conditions which a constitution securing personal liberty would have to satisfy. In volume 2, the author examines the theories of utilitariansim and legal positivism and considers the concept of 'social justice.' He shows this ideal to be devoid of meaning and therefore a most harmful and dangerous cause of the mis-direction of well-meant efforts: he demonstrates that it is a remnant of the tribal ethics of a closed society and whooly incompatible with the individual freedom whih the Open Society promises. In the final volume, Hayek analyses and discards modern sociobiological theories of morality and social conduct, demonstrating that man's behaviour pattern has been determined more by custom than by the exercise of reason, and that mind and culture therefore developed concurrently and not successively. He shows how the democratic ideal is in danger of miscarrying due to the erroneous assumptions that there can be moral standards without moral discipline, that the element of tradition can be ignored in proposals for restructuring society, and the way in which the disctinct ideals of egalitarianism and democracy are increasingly confused.

Rules and Order

Rules and Order

  • Author: Friedrich August Hayek
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 9780710076441
  • Category: Democracy
  • Page: 184
  • View: 9581
DOWNLOAD NOW »

The Constitution of Liberty

The Constitution of Liberty

  • Author: F.A. Hayek
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317857801
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 512
  • View: 5319
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Working after the war, Hayek's writing was very much against the tide of mainstream Keynesian economic thought. But in the 1970s and 1980s - the eras of Thatcherism and Reaganomics - he was championed as a prophet of neo-liberalism by those who were seeking to revolutionize the post-war social consensus. The Constitution of Liberty is crucial reading for all those seeking to understand ideas that have become the orthodoxy in the age of the globalized economy.

Law, Legislation and Liberty

Law, Legislation and Liberty

A new statement of the liberal principles of justice and political economy

  • Author: F. A. Hayek
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136246428
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 584
  • View: 5140
DOWNLOAD NOW »
With a new foreword by Paul Kelly 'I regard Hayek's work as a new opening of the most fundamental debate in the field of political philosophy' – Sir Karl Popper 'This promises to be the crowning work of a scholar who has devoted a lifetime to thinking about society and its values. The entire work must surely amount to an immense contribution to social and legal philosophy' - Philosophical Studies Law, Legislation and Liberty is Hayek's major statement of political philosophy and one of the most ambitious yet subtle defences of a free market society ever written. A robust defence of individual liberty, it is also crucial for understanding Hayek’s influential views concerning the role of the state: far from being an innocent bystander, he argues that the state has an important role to play in defending the norms and practices of an ordered and free society. His arguments had a profound influence on the policies of Thatcher in the 1980s and resonate today in visions of the ‘Big Society’. First published in three separate volumes, this Routledge Classics edition makes one of his most important books available in a single volume. Essential reading for understanding the background to the recent world economic turmoil and financial crisis, it also foreshadows the subsequent heated debate about regulation and political governance if such disasters are to be avoided in the future.

Perspectives on Social Justice

Perspectives on Social Justice

From Hume to Walzer

  • Author: David Boucher,Paul Kelly
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 113474952X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 3417
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This volume brings together leading theorists to discuss the latest thinking on social justice - a central concern of contemporary politics and political philosophy. Contributors such as Carole Pateman, Raymond Plant and Chris Brown explore: * the origins of the concept * the contributions of thinkers such as Hume, Kant and Mill * issues such as international justice, economic justice, justice and the environment and special rights. By bringing together the latest applications of theories of justice with a discussion of origins, Perspectives on Social Justice provides a helpful overview for students and specialists alike.

Hayek, Mill and the Liberal Tradition

Hayek, Mill and the Liberal Tradition

  • Author: Andrew Farrant
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136853367
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 176
  • View: 1958
DOWNLOAD NOW »
A PDF version of this book is available for free in open access via www.tandfebooks.com as well as the OAPEN Library platform, www.oapen.org. It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license and is part of the OAPEN-UK research project. This book considers the relationship between Hayek and Mill, taking issues with Hayek’s criticism of Mill and providing a broader perspective of the liberal tradition. Featuring contributions from the likes of Ross Emmett, Leon Montes and Robert Garnett, these chapters ask whether Hayek had an accurate reading of the ideas of Mill and Smith, as well as considering themes such as sympathy and analytical egalitarianism that play a large part in the liberal tradition, but less in work of Hayek These chapters argue that addition of these key ideas to the Hayekian corpus leads to a far broader understanding of the liberal tradition than that provided by Hayek

Reading Hayek in the 21st Century

Reading Hayek in the 21st Century

A Critical Inquiry Into His Political Thought

  • Author: Theo Papaioannou
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
  • ISBN: 0230301622
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 221
  • View: 5243
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book offers a new radical reading of Hayek in the 21st century. It investigates the moral dimension of his political theory, arguing that it is based on the methodological implications of an epistemologically founded concept of morality. This concept is about the recognition and respect of the natural limits of human knowledge. The moral dimension of Hayek's theory consists of the process of spontaneity and evolution. This process excludes but also requires substantive politics. The moral exclusion of substantive politics undermines freedom and equality in the market, relativising commutative justice and legitimating the minimal state only from the point of view of its legality. Therefore, such politics is also required for preserving and maintaining the market institutions in terms of liberalism. This dualism is due to the fact that, despite Hayek's neo-liberal rhetoric, the process of spontaneity and evolution cannot by itself be safeguarded against coercion, inequality and injustice.

Liberalism and Distributive Justice

Liberalism and Distributive Justice

  • Author: Samuel Freeman
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190699272
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 256
  • View: 6142
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Samuel Freeman is a leading political philosopher and one of the foremost authorities on the works of John Rawls. Liberalism and Distributive Justice offers a series of Freeman's essays in contemporary political philosophy on three different forms of liberalism-classical liberalism, libertarianism, and the high liberal tradition--and their relation to capitalism, the welfare state, and economic justice.

The

The

Legacy of Friedrich Von Hayek

  • Author: F A HAYEK
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780865976122
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 12
  • View: 1475
DOWNLOAD NOW »
No one has characterized market mechanisms better than Friedrich von Hayek. —Herbert Simon I . . . owe him a great debt . . . his powerful mind . . . his lucid and always principled exposition have helped to broaden and deepen my understanding of the meaning of the requisites of a free society. —Milton Friedman In celebration of the one hundredth anniversary of Friedrich von Hayek's birth, Liberty Fund is proud to make available a series of lectures featuring outstanding scholars of Hayek's work. Speakers include Gary Becker, James Buchanan, Richard Epstein, Ralph Harris, Kurt Leube, Kenneth Minogue, Michael Novak, and Sherwin Rosen. Filmed at the University of Chicago and hosted by Robert Pippin, Chairman of the Committee on Social Thought. Volume 1 - Austrian and Neoclassical Economics: Any Gains from Trade? By Sherwin Rosen One of the leading macroeconomists in the United States, Rosen has researched such fields as theoretical and empirical work on income distribution, dynamics of professional labor markets, health economics, social security, and group decision-making. 61 minutes. Volume 2 - Hayekian Socialism By Richard Epstein Epstein is one of the most influential contemporary proponents of law and economics. He has written on a variety of legal topics from a perspective that seeks to blend concerns about individual liberty with the need for collective social control. 84 minutes. Volume 3 - Hayek, Practitioner of Social Justice By Michael Novak Novak is the author of twenty-five books and over five hundred articles in the philosophy and theology of culture, including The Spirit of Democratic Capitalism (1982), for which he was awarded the Antony Fisher Prize by Margaret Thatcher. Novak has served as Ambassador of the U.S. Delegation to the U.N. Human Rights Commission and head of the U.S. Delegation to the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe. 79 minutes. Volume 4 - Hayek, Radical Reactionary By Lord Ralph Harris Lord Harris graduated from Cambridge in 1947 and lectured at St. Andrews University until 1957, when he became the General Director of the Institute of Economic Affairs, where Arthur Seldon joined him as Editorial Director in 1958. Together they wrote studies of advertising, hire purchase, state and private welfare, and other applications of classical liberal analysis to public policy, and helped rehabilitate the classical liberal tradition of market microanalysis. 80 minutes. Volume 5 - Hayek's Legacy By Kurt Leube Leube is a historian of economic thought, with an emphasis on Austrian economics, and a scholar of law and economics and economic philosophy. 82 minutes. Volume 6 - Hayek and the Fate of Liberty in the Twentieth Century By Kenneth Minogue Born in New Zealand and educated in Australia, Minogue is the author of The Liberal Mind (1963), Nationalism (1967), The Concept of a University (1974), Alien Powers: The Pure Theory of Ideology (1985), and Politics: A Very Short Introduction (1995). Minogue has lectured at major universities and research institutes worldwide. 86 minutes. Volume 7 - Morality and Community in the Extended Market Order By James M. Buchanan Buchanan is a pioneer of the theory of public choice, extending models of economic exchange to the realm of political decision-making. Buchanan's work on the constitut

The Road to Serfdom

The Road to Serfdom

  • Author: Friedrich August Hayek
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 9780415253895
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 256
  • View: 3079
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Hayek argues convincingly that, while socialist ideals may be tempting, they cannot be accomplished except by means that few would approve of.

Darwinian Evolution

Darwinian Evolution

  • Author: Antony Flew
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351312820
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 149
  • View: 2184
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In little more than a hundred years the evolutionary theory of Charles Darwin has conquered the thinking world. No other body of ideas has enjoyed such unrivaled success. But precisely because of its scientific status, Darwinism has sometimes been invoked to sustain other ideas and beliefs with a much less solid foundation. Darwinian Evolution is a study of the historical background of Darwin's ideas, of their logical structure, and of their alleged and actual implications. Flew explores the Scottish Enlightenment, an important and often neglected aspect of Darwin's intellectual background. He compares Darwin with such figures as Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, and Karl Marx, emphasizing not the similarities, but the differences between the natural and social sciences. Flew argues that social science must do what natural science does not: take account of individual choice. He examines the creationist controversy in Britain and the United States and discusses the possibility of a human sociobiology. In his new introduction, Flew updates his book by discussing relevant works that have appeared since it was published thirteen years ago. He discusses two different tendencies among both social scientists and those who develop or promote social policies according to various findings in the social sciences: (1) to assume there is no such thing as human nature; and (2) to take no account of the possibility that differences between sets of individuals may be genetically determined. Flew maintains that both these tendencies violate Darwin's theory. Darwinian Evolution is an intriguing study that should be read by sociologists, biologists, philosophers, and all those interested in the impact of Darwin and his work.

Hayek's Liberalism and Its Origins

Hayek's Liberalism and Its Origins

His Idea of Spontaneous Order and the Scottish Enlightenment

  • Author: Christina Petsoulas
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135115818
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 224
  • View: 6737
DOWNLOAD NOW »
By exploring the writings of Mandeville, Hume and Smith, this book offers a critique of Hayek's theory of cultural evolution and explores the roots of his powerful defence of liberalism. This book is an original contribution to the debate, and vital reading for researchers in politics, political theory, and economics.

Law, Legislation and Liberty, Volume 3

Law, Legislation and Liberty, Volume 3

The Political Order of a Free People

  • Author: F. A. Hayek
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 0226321266
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 258
  • View: 9831
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Incisive, straightforward, and eloquent, this third and concluding volume of F. A. Hayek's comprehensive assessment of the basic political principles which order and sustain free societies contains the clearest and most uncompromising exposition of the political philosophy of one of the world's foremost economists.

Conservatism

Conservatism

An Anthology of Social and Political Thought from David Hume to the Present

  • Author: Jerry Z. Muller
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691037110
  • Category: History
  • Page: 450
  • View: 9324
DOWNLOAD NOW »
At a time when the label "conservative" is indiscriminately applied to fundamentalists, populists, libertarians, fascists, and the advocates of one or another orthodoxy, this volume offers a nuanced and historically informed presentation of what is distinctive about conservative social and political thought. It is an anthology with an argument, locating the origins of modern conservatism within the Enlightenment and distinguishing between conservatism and orthodoxy. Bringing together important specimens of European and American conservative social and political analysis from the mid-eighteenth century through our own day, Conservatism demonstrates that while the particular institutions that conservatives have sought to conserve have varied, there are characteristic features of conservative argument that recur over time and across national borders. The book proceeds chronologically through the following sections: Enlightenment Conservatism (David Hume, Edmund Burke, and Justus M�ser), The Critique of Revolution (Burke, Louis de Bonald, Joseph de Maistre, James Madison, and Rufus Choate), Authority (Matthew Arnold, James Fitzjames Stephen), Inequality (W. H. Mallock, Joseph A. Schumpeter), The Critique of Good Intentions (William Graham Sumner), War (T. E. Hulme), Democracy (Carl Schmitt, Schumpeter), The Limits of Rationalism (Winston Churchill, Michael Oakeshott, Friedrich Hayek, Edward Banfield), The Critique of Social and Cultural Emancipation (Irving Kristol, Peter Berger and Richard John Neuhaus, Hermann L�bbe), and Between Social Science and Cultural Criticism (Arnold Gehlen, Philip Rieff). The book contains an afterword on recurrent tensions and dilemmas of conservative thought.

Free Market Fairness

Free Market Fairness

  • Author: John Tomasi
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 069114446X
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 348
  • View: 1891
DOWNLOAD NOW »
"This book provides an original defense of classical liberalism. Tomasi argues that the high liberal conception of free and equal moral persons requires robust economic liberties as a condition of individual independence and self-authorship, while also justifying social supports for the less advantaged. Free Market Fairness is an important contribution to liberal thought."--Samuel Freeman, University of Pennsylvania "Tomasi's 'market democracy' is a fresh, important research program."--Elizabeth Anderson, University of Michigan "The great political power of free market ideas in recent decades has been unmatched by philosophical and moral defenses. John Tomasi's fresh exploration of market liberty will challenge orthodoxies left and right. An important and timely book."--Stephen Macedo, Princeton University "This is one of the very best philosophical treatments of libertarian thought, ever. John Tomasi cements his position as one of America's leading social and political philosophers."--Tyler Cowen, author of Creative Destruction "This book represents the most ambitious recent effort by a political philosopher to square the circle: free markets and fairness. Even readers who disagree with Tomasi's conclusions will find insight and clarity on every page."--Richard Epstein, New York University "Tomasi's elegant book resembles a long and friendly conversation between Friedrich Hayek and John Rawls--a conversation which, astonishingly, reaches agreement."--Deirdre McCloskey, author of Bourgeois Dignity and The Bourgeois Virtues "Tomasi is sympathetic to, and captures much of the point of, positions to the right of his, and positions to the left. The result is disarming and genuine. Readers will find themselves turning the pages, hoping not so much to spot the flaw as simply to learn something, and they will not be disappointed."--David Schmidtz, University of Arizona "This book makes a case that needed making and that will have a large impact on contemporary thinking about social justice."--Michael Zuckert, University of Notre Dame "Hayekian freedom and Rawlsian social justice both evoke attractive visions of how human beings might live together--something seldom acknowledged in our polarized political world. John Tomasi's Free Market Fairness treats both traditions with depth, nuance, and unremitting fair-mindedness, and then points us toward a synthesis. Social democrats and libertarians equally need to read this book."--Charles Murray, American Enterprise Institute "Political philosophers are apt to dig in to carefully constructed ideological bunkers from which they lob argumentative mortar shells at their opponents. John Tomasi prefers instead to build bridges. Well-crafted and provocative, Free Market Fairness will surely stimulate much conversation--and perhaps a few mortar rounds in response."--Loren Lomasky, University of Virginia "This is a terrific book--lively, stimulating, novel, and important. Written with clarity and lightness, it is appealingly wide-ranging, spanning political philosophy, intellectual history, and more. It will be widely read and cited."--Jacob T. Levy, McGill University