Search Results for "social-science-and-policy-challenges-democracy-values-and-capacities-research-and-policy-series"

Social Science and Policy Challenges

Social Science and Policy Challenges

Democracy, Values and Capacities

  • Author: Georgios Papanagnou
  • Publisher: UNESCO
  • ISBN: 9231042262
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 299
  • View: 8576
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Producing scientific knowledge that can inform solutions and guide policy-making is one of the most important functions of social science. Nonetheless, if social science is to become more relevant and influential so as to impact on the drawing and execution of policy, certain measures need to be taken to narrow its distance from the policy sphere. This decision is less obvious than it seems. Both research and experience have proved that policy-making is a complex, often sub-rational, interactive process that involves a wide range of actors such as decision makers, bureaucrats, researchers, organized interests, citizen and civil society representatives and research brokers. In addition, social science often needs to defend both its relevance to policy and its own scientific status. Moving away from instrumental visions of the link between social research and policy, this collective volume aims to highlight the more constructed nature of the use of social knowledge.

Think Tanks and Non-Traditional Security

Think Tanks and Non-Traditional Security

Governance Entrepreneurs in Asia

  • Author: Erin Zimmerman
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137488255
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 214
  • View: 7212
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Asian security institutions have struggled to adapt to the so-called 'non-traditional' security issues that characterise the strategic landscape of the 21st century. The resulting gaps in governance have increasingly been filled by think tanks, which have arguably begun to change the way that Asian security is governed.

Argument as Dialogue Across Difference

Argument as Dialogue Across Difference

Engaging Youth in Public Literacies

  • Author: Jennifer Clifton
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1317214412
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 164
  • View: 6058
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In the spirit of models of argument starting with inquiry, this book starts with a question: What might it mean to teach argument in ways that open up spaces for change—changes of mind, changes of practice and policy, changes in ways of talking and relating? The author explores teaching argument in ways that take into account the complexities and pluralities young people face as they attempt to enact local and global citizenship with others who may reasonably disagree. The focus is foremost on social action—the hard, hopeful work of finding productive ways forward in contexts where people need to work together across difference to get something worthwhile done.

Building Democracy and International Governance

Building Democracy and International Governance

  • Author: George M. Guess
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351273264
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 248
  • View: 9474
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Efforts by governments to promote sustained domestic economic development have been mixed. Success depends on many factors including location, geography, climate, external competition, human resources, natural resources, timing, political and governmental institutions, government capacity, implementation, leadership, values—and maybe luck. This complexity means that while development experts can often identify ingredients for success, few can prescribe the specific mix needed by a particular state to achieve sustained development over the long term. In Building Democracy and International Governance, author George M. Guess uses both case studies and careful data analysis to argue that federalist democracy may just be the most responsive, authoritative, and flexible system for nation building, and that there is value in confronting the challenges that lie in exporting federalist democracy abroad. Guess demonstrates the ways in which federation structures provide positive redundancy against failures, flexibility to change course and implement programs and policies, and state legitimacy and strength. Examining twelve wealthy and developing countries from five regions, representing democratic and authoritarian government structures, confederations, and federations, this book will be of interest to those teaching graduate and undergraduate courses in Political Development, Democratization, Federalism, and Comparative Political Economy.

Approaches and Methodologies in the Social Sciences

Approaches and Methodologies in the Social Sciences

A Pluralist Perspective

  • Author: Donatella Della Porta,Michael Keating
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139474596
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9842
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A revolutionary textbook introducing masters and doctoral students to the major research approaches and methodologies in the social sciences. Written by an outstanding set of scholars, and derived from successful course teaching, this volume will empower students to choose their own approach to research, to justify this approach, and to situate it within the discipline. It addresses questions of ontology, epistemology and philosophy of social science, and proceeds to issues of methodology and research design essential for producing a good research proposal. It also introduces researchers to the main issues of debate and contention in the methodology of social sciences, identifying commonalities, historic continuities and genuine differences.

Social Democracy in Power

Social Democracy in Power

The Capacity to Reform

  • Author: Wolfgang Merkel,Alexander Petring,Christian Henkes,Christoph Egle
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134071787
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 336
  • View: 4636
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Globalization, European integration, and social change have devaluated traditional social democratic policy instruments. This book compares and explores how social democratic governments have had to adapt and whether they have successfully managed to uphold old social democratic goals and values in the light of these challenges. This volume examines the policy measures of social democratic parties in government in a comparative framework. The authors focus on traditional social democratic goals and tools, in particular, fiscal, employment, and social policy, in the United Kingdom, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden, and Denmark. They identify three policy patterns in social democratic governments: traditional, modernized, and liberalized social democracy and provide a comparative account of the explanatory power of the national context for policy adopted by social democratic parties. Finally, the extent to which social democratic parties have been able to use the European Union as a political space for social democratic governance and policy-making is examined. Social Democracy in Power will be of interest to students and scholars of politics, comparative politics, European studies and public policy.

How Democracies Die

How Democracies Die

  • Author: Steven Levitsky,Daniel Ziblatt
  • Publisher: Crown
  • ISBN: 1524762938
  • Category: History
  • Page: 320
  • View: 4563
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Fateful alliances -- Gatekeeping in America -- The great Republican abdication -- Subverting democracy -- The guardrails of democracy -- The unwritten rules of American politics -- The unraveling -- Trump against the guardrails -- Saving democracy

Public Administration and Policy in Korea

Public Administration and Policy in Korea

Its Evolution and Challenges

  • Author: Keun Namkoong,Kyung-ho Cho,Sangmook Kim
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1351847597
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 314
  • View: 1437
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The present Korean public administration and policy system has shown very significant differences compared to the system in 1970s. This book provides a comprehensive and holistic view on the development of Korean public policy and administration. Instead of dichotomizing the policy and administration, this book integrates two fields to provide a more holistic view on the Korean public sector. The book also attempts to overcome simplified explanations on the developmental state theory. The book aims to explain who the key actors are during the post-democratization period, how the administrative systems reform, and what kinds of social problems are transformed into public policies. This explanation suggests that the role of government shifts from a dominant actor to an actor within a complex network governance. This book will be a useful reference to anyone who wishes to learn more about the experience of the Korean development and the role of administration and policy.

The Relevance of Political Science

The Relevance of Political Science

  • Author: Gerry Stoker,B. Guy Peters,Jon Pierre
  • Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
  • ISBN: 1137506601
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 296
  • View: 5614
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What does political science tell us about important real-world problems and issues? And to what extent does and can political analysis contribute to solutions? This is the challenge addressed by leading political scientists in this original text which will be essential reading for students and scholars alike.

International Encyclopedia of Social & Behavioral Sciences

International Encyclopedia of Social & Behavioral Sciences

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: Newnes
  • ISBN: 0080548059
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 17500
  • View: 5141
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This Encyclopedia is the first attempt in a generation to map the social and behavioral sciences on a grand scale. Not since the publication in 1968 of the International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, edited by David L. Sills, has there been such an ambitious project to describe the state of the art in all the fields encompassed within the social and behavioral sciences. Available in both print (26 volumes) and online editions, it comprises 4,000 articles, commissioned by 52 Section Editors, and includes 90,000 bibliographic references as well as comprehensive name and subject indexes.

Institutional Capacity for Climate Change Response

Institutional Capacity for Climate Change Response

A New Approach to Climate Politics

  • Author: Theresa Scavenius,Steve Rayner
  • Publisher: Earthscan Science in Society
  • ISBN: 9781138120983
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 164
  • View: 9702
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Sets out to provide a venue for the discussion of how to conduct climate politics by offering new perspectives on how social and political institutions are capable of responding to climate change

Making Democracy Work

Making Democracy Work

Civic Traditions in Modern Italy

  • Author: Robert D. Putnam,Robert Leonardi,Raffaella Y. Nanetti
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9781400820740
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 280
  • View: 3904
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Why do some democratic governments succeed and others fail? In a book that has received attention from policymakers and civic activists in America and around the world, Robert Putnam and his collaborators offer empirical evidence for the importance of "civic community" in developing successful institutions. Their focus is on a unique experiment begun in 1970 when Italy created new governments for each of its regions. After spending two decades analyzing the efficacy of these governments in such fields as agriculture, housing, and health services, they reveal patterns of associationism, trust, and cooperation that facilitate good governance and economic prosperity.

Peace and Democratic Society

Peace and Democratic Society

  • Author: Amartya Sen
  • Publisher: Open Book Publishers
  • ISBN: 1906924392
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 155
  • View: 7268
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Civil Paths to Peace contains the analyses and findings of the Commonwealth Commission on Respect and Understanding, established in response to the 2005 request of Commonwealth Head of Government for the Commonwealth Secretary-General to 'explore initiatives to promote mutual understanding and respect among all faiths and communities in the Commonwealth.' This report focuses particularly on the issues of terrorism, extremism, conflict and violence, which are much in ascendancy and afflict Commonwealth countries as well as the rest of the world. It argues that cultivating respect and understanding is both important in itself and consequential in reducing violence and terrorism. It further argues that cultivated violence is generated through fomenting disrespect and fostering confrontational misunderstandings. The report looks at the mechanisms through which violence is cultivated through advocacy and recruitment, and the pre-existing inequalities, deprivations and humiliations on which those advocacies draw. These diagnoses also clear the way for methods of countering disaffection and violence. In various chapters the different connections are explored and examined to yield general policy recommendations. Accepting diversity, respecting all human beings, and understanding the richness of perspectives that people have are of great relevance for all Commonwealth countries, and for its 1.8 billion people. They are also importance for the rest of the world. The civil paths to peace are presented here for use both inside the Commonwealth and beyond its boundaries. The Commonwealth has survived and flourished, despite the hostilities associated with past colonial history, through the use of a number of far-sighted guiding principles. The Commission argues that those principles have continuing relevance today for the future of the Commonwealth--and also for the world at large.

Health Technology Assessment and Health Policy-making in Europe

Health Technology Assessment and Health Policy-making in Europe

Current Status, Challenges, and Potential

  • Author: Marcial Velasco Garrido
  • Publisher: WHO Regional Office Europe
  • ISBN: 9289042931
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 181
  • View: 6241
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Health technology assessment (HTA) aims to inform health policy and decision making processes concerning health technologies on organizational, societal and ethical issues. HTA has a strong foundation in research on the health effects and broader implications of the use of technology in health care. Its potential for contributing to safer and more effective health care is widely acknowledged in Europe and interest in this field has been growing steadily. Since the establishment of the first national HTA agency in Sweden in the 1980s, the number of institutions involved in the assessment of health technologies has multiplied in Europe. Most European Member States have established a formal HTA programme or are considering the feasibility of establishing HTA intelligence to inform health policy-making. Since its inception, the HTA community has acknowledged the need for international collaboration and networking. This book has been produced as a collaboration between the EUnetHTA Project and the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies with the aim of reviewing the relationship between HTA and policy-making from different perspectives, with a special focus on Europe. The purpose of this cooperation is to transmit the value of HTA to a wide public in decision-making and healthcare management in order to increase their awareness of HTA activities and evidence-based decision-making.

Democracy and Rhetoric

Democracy and Rhetoric

John Dewey on the Arts of Becoming

  • Author: Nathan Crick
  • Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press
  • ISBN: 1611172357
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 240
  • View: 6433
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In Democracy and Rhetoric, Nathan Crick articulates from John Dewey's body of work a philosophy of rhetoric that reveals the necessity for bringing forth a democratic life infused with the spirit of ethics, a method of inquiry, and a sense of beauty. Crick relies on rhetorical theory as well interdisciplinary insights from philosophy, history, sociology, aesthetics, and political science as he demonstrates that significant engagement with issues of rhetoric and communication are central to Dewey's political philosophy. In his rhetorical reading of Dewey, Crick examines the sophistical underpinnings of Dewey's philosophy and finds it much informed by notions of radical individuality, aesthetic experience, creative intelligence, and persuasive advocacy as essential to the formation of communities of judgment. Crick illustrates that for Dewey rhetoric is an art situated within a complex and challenging social and natural environment, wielding influence and authority for those well versed in its methods and capable of experimenting with its practice. From this standpoint the unique and necessary function of rhetoric in a democracy is to advance minority views in such a way that they might have the opportunity to transform overarching public opinion through persuasion in an egalitarian public arena. The truest power of rhetoric in a democracy then is the liberty for one to influence the many through free, full, and fluid communication. Ultimately Crick argues that Dewey's sophistical rhetorical values and techniques form a naturalistic "ontology of becoming" in which discourse is valued for its capacity to guide a self, a public, and a world in flux toward some improved incarnation. Appreciation of this ontology of becoming—of democracy as a communication-driven work in progress—gives greater social breadth and historical scope to Dewey's philosophy while solidifying his lasting contributions to rhetoric in an active and democratic public sphere.

On Measuring Democracy

On Measuring Democracy

Its Consequences and Concomitants

  • Author: Alex Inkeles
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • ISBN: 9781412830102
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 234
  • View: 7418
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Unequal Democracy

Unequal Democracy

The Political Economy of the New Gilded Age

  • Author: Larry M. Bartels
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400883369
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 424
  • View: 858
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Bartels’s acclaimed examination of how the American political system favors the wealthy—now fully revised and expanded The first edition of Unequal Democracy was an instant classic, shattering illusions about American democracy and spurring scholarly and popular interest in the political causes and consequences of escalating economic inequality. This revised, updated, and expanded second edition includes two new chapters on the political economy of the Obama era. One presents the Great Recession as a "stress test" of the American political system by analyzing the 2008 election and the impact of Barack Obama's "New New Deal" on the economic fortunes of the rich, middle class, and poor. The other assesses the politics of inequality in the wake of the Occupy Wall Street movement, the 2012 election, and the partisan gridlock of Obama’s second term. Larry Bartels offers a sobering account of the barriers to change posed by partisan ideologies and the political power of the wealthy. He also provides new analyses of tax policy, partisan differences in economic performance, the struggle to raise the minimum wage, and inequalities in congressional representation. President Obama identified inequality as "the defining challenge of our time." Unequal Democracy is the definitive account of how and why our political system has failed to rise to that challenge. Now more than ever, this is a book every American needs to read.

Challenges of Ordinary Democracy

Challenges of Ordinary Democracy

A Case Study in Deliberation and Dissent

  • Author: Karen Tracy
  • Publisher: Penn State Press
  • ISBN: 0271036907
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 264
  • View: 5914
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"Analyzes the practice and meanings of democratic decision making through an extended case study of school board meetings in one western U.S. community. Argues that for communication conduct in local governance bodies, reasonable hostility is a more promising ideal than civility"--Provided by publisher.

OECD Insights Debate the Issues: Complexity and Policy making

OECD Insights Debate the Issues: Complexity and Policy making

  • Author: Love Patrick,Stockdale-Otárola Julia
  • Publisher: OECD Publishing
  • ISBN: 9264271538
  • Category:
  • Page: 104
  • View: 6605
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The financial crisis and Great Recession revealed failures in economic analyses and the policy choices these analyses informed.

Philosophy of Social Science

Philosophy of Social Science

A Contemporary Introduction

  • Author: Mark Risjord
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136627510
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 302
  • View: 7876
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The Philosophy of Social Science: A Contemporary Introduction examines the perennial questions of philosophy by engaging with the empirical study of society. The book offers a comprehensive overview of debates in the field, with special attention to questions arising from new research programs in the social sciences. The text uses detailed examples of social scientific research to motivate and illustrate the philosophical discussion. Topics include the relationship of social policy to social science, interpretive research, action explanation, game theory, social scientific accounts of norms, joint intentionality, reductionism, causal modeling, case study research, and experimentation.