Search Results for "sovereign-emergencies"

Sovereign Emergencies

Sovereign Emergencies

Latin America and the Making of Global Human Rights Politics

  • Author: Patrick William Kelly
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107163242
  • Category: History
  • Page: 320
  • View: 1710
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Shows how Latin America was the crucible of the global human rights revolution of the 1970s.

Sovereignty, Emergency, Legality

Sovereignty, Emergency, Legality

  • Author: Austin Sarat
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139483773
  • Category: Law
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6071
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It is widely recognized that times of national emergency put legality to its greatest test. In such times we rely on sovereign power to rescue us, to hold the danger at bay. Yet that power can and often does threaten the values of legality itself. Sovereignty, Emergency, Legality examines law's complex relationship to sovereign power and emergency conditions. It puts today's responses to emergency in historical and institutional context, reminding readers of the continuities and discontinuities in the ways emergencies are framed and understood at different times and in different situations. And, in all this, it suggests the need to be less abstract in the way we discuss sovereignty, emergency, and legality. This book concentrates on officials and the choices they make in defining, anticipating, and responding to conditions of emergency as well as the impact of their choices on embodied subjects, whether citizen or stranger.

Fiduciaries of Humanity

Fiduciaries of Humanity

How International Law Constitutes Authority

  • Author: Evan J. Criddle,Evan Fox-Decent
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199397937
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 264
  • View: 3596
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Public international law has embarked on a new chapter. Over the past century, the classical model of international law, which emphasized state autonomy and interstate relations, has gradually ceded ground to a new model. Under the new model, a state's sovereign authority arises from the state's responsibility to respect, protect, and fulfill human rights for its people. In Fiduciaries of Humanity: How International Law Constitutes Authority, Evan J. Criddle and Evan Fox-Decent argue that these developments mark a turning point in the international community's conception of public authority. Under international law today, states serve as fiduciaries of humanity, and their authority to govern and represent their people is dependent on their satisfaction of numerous duties, the most general of which is to establish a regime of secure and equal freedom on behalf of the people subject to their power. International institutions also serve as fiduciaries of humanity and are subject to similar fiduciary obligations. In contrast to the receding classical model of public international law, which assumes an abiding tension between a state's sovereignty and principles of state responsibility, the fiduciary theory reconciles state sovereignty and responsibility by explaining how a state's obligations to its people are constitutive of its legal authority under international law. The authors elaborate and defend the fiduciary model while exploring its application to a variety of current topics and controversies, including human rights, emergencies, the treatment of detainees in counterterrorism operations, humanitarian intervention, and the protection of refugees fleeing persecution.

Agamben and Colonialism

Agamben and Colonialism

  • Author: Marcelo Svirsky
  • Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
  • ISBN: 0748649263
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 304
  • View: 9039
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This collection of essays evaluates Agamben's work from a postcolonial perspective. Svirsky and Bignall assemble leading figures to explore the rich philosophical linkages and the political concerns shared by Agamben and postcolonial theory.

Emergencies and Politics

Emergencies and Politics

A Sober Hobbesian Approach

  • Author: Tom Sorell
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107436036
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 228
  • View: 5390
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In this book Tom Sorell argues that emergencies can justify types of action that would normally be regarded as wrong. Beginning with the ethics of emergencies facing individuals, he explores the range of effective and legitimate private emergency response and its relation to public institutions, such as national governments. He develops a theory of the response of governments to public emergencies which indicates the possibility of a democratic politics that is liberal but that takes seriously threats to life and limb from public disorder, crime or terrorism. Informed by Hobbes, Schmitt and Walzer, but substantially different from them, the book widens the justification for recourse to normally forbidden measures, without resorting to illiberal politics. This book will interest students of politics, philosophy, international relations and law.

Development, Security and Unending War

Development, Security and Unending War

Governing the World of Peoples

  • Author: Mark Duffield
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0745657931
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 280
  • View: 3078
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According to politicians, we now live in a radically interconnected world. Unless there is international stability – even in the most distant places – the West's way of life is threatened. In meeting this global danger, reducing poverty and developing the unstable regions of the world are now imperative. In what has become a truism of the post-Cold War period, security without development is questionable, while development without security is impossible. In this accessible and path-breaking book, Mark Duffield questions this conventional wisdom and lays bare development not as a way of bettering other people but of governing them. He offers a profound critique of the new wave of Western humanitarian and peace interventionism, arguing that rather than bridging the lifechance divide between development and underdevelopment, it maintains and polices it. As part of the defence of an insatiable mass consumer society, those living beyond its borders must be content with self-reliance. With case studies drawn from Mozambique, Ethiopia and Afghanistan, the book provides a critical and historically informed analysis of the NGO movement, humanitarian intervention, sustainable development, human security, coherence, fragile states, migration and the place of racism within development. It is a must-read for all students and scholars of development, humanitarian intervention and security studies as well as anyone concerned with our present predicament.

Humanitarianism in Question

Humanitarianism in Question

Politics, Power, Ethics

  • Author: Michael Barnett,Thomas G. Weiss
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 0801465087
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 9037
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Years of tremendous growth in response to complex emergencies have left a mark on the humanitarian sector. Various matters that once seemed settled are now subjects of intense debate. What is humanitarianism? Is it limited to the provision of relief to victims of conflict, or does it include broader objectives such as human rights, democracy promotion, development, and peacebuilding? For much of the last century, the principles of humanitarianism were guided by neutrality, impartiality, and independence. More recently, some humanitarian organizations have begun to relax these tenets. The recognition that humanitarian action can lead to negative consequences has forced humanitarian organizations to measure their effectiveness, to reflect on their ethical positions, and to consider not only the values that motivate their actions but also the consequences of those actions. In the indispensable Humanitarianism in Question, Michael Barnett and Thomas G. Weiss bring together scholars from a variety of disciplines to address the humanitarian identity crisis, including humanitarianism's relationship to accountability, great powers, privatization and corporate philanthropy, warlords, and the ethical evaluations that inform life-and-death decision making during and after emergencies.

Homeland Security and Emergency Management

Homeland Security and Emergency Management

A Legal Guide for State and Local Governments

  • Author: Ernest B. Abbott,Otto J. Hetzel
  • Publisher: American Bar Association
  • ISBN: 9781604428179
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 413
  • View: 6813
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Rev. ed. of: A legal guide to homeland security and emergency management for state and local governments. c2005.

Sovereign Wealth Funds

Sovereign Wealth Funds

Laws Limiting Foreign Investment Affect Certain U. S. Assets and Agencies Have Various Enforcement Processes

  • Author: Loren Yager
  • Publisher: DIANE Publishing
  • ISBN: 1437916694
  • Category:
  • Page: 67
  • View: 7785
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Foreign investors in U.S. companies or assets include individuals, companies, and government entities. One type of foreign investor that has been increasingly active in world markets is sovereign wealth funds (SWF), government-controlled funds that seek to invest in other countries. As the activities of these funds have grown, they have been praised as providing valuable capital to world markets, but questions have been raised about their lack of transparency and the potential impact of their investments on recipient countries. This report reviews: (1) U.S. laws that specifically affect foreign investment, including that by SWFs, in the U.S.; and (2) processes agencies use to enforce them. Includes recommendations. Charts and tables.

Die Ambivalenz des Guten

Die Ambivalenz des Guten

Menschenrechte in der internationalen Politik seit den 1940ern

  • Author: Jan Eckel
  • Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
  • ISBN: 3525300697
  • Category: History
  • Page: 936
  • View: 9249
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Schutz und Verteidigung der Menschenrechte – eine leere Floskel oder ein fundamentales Prinzip verantwortungsvoller Politik?

Global Public Health Vigilance

Global Public Health Vigilance

Creating a World on Alert

  • Author: Lorna Weir,Eric Mykhalovskiy
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135159157
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 230
  • View: 4280
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Global Public Health Vigilance is the first sociological book to investigate recent changes in how global public health authorities imagine and respond to international threats to human health. This book explores a remarkable period of conceptual innovation during which infectious disease, historically the focus of international disease control, was displaced by "international public health emergencies," a concept that brought new responsibilities to public health authorities, helping to shape a new project of global public health security. Drawing on research conducted at the World Health Organization, this book analyzes the formation of a new social apparatus, global public health vigilance, for detecting, responding to and containing international public health emergencies. Between 1995 and 2005 a new form of global health surveillance was invented, international communicable disease control was securitized, and international health law was fundamentally revised. This timely volume raises critical questions about the institutional effects of the concept of emerging infectious diseases, the role of the news media in global health surveillance, the impact of changes in international health law on public health reasoning and practice, and the reconstitution of the World Health Organization as a power beyond national sovereignty and global governance. It initiates a new research agenda for social science research on public health.

That Sovereign Knowledge

That Sovereign Knowledge

A History of the York Hospital and Its Medical Staff 1880-1980

  • Author: Florence LaRose Ames
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: York County (Pa.)
  • Page: 297
  • View: 4597
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Introduction to Emergency Management

Introduction to Emergency Management

  • Author: George Haddow,Jane Bullock
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 9780080478661
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 424
  • View: 9040
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Introduction to Emergency Management, Second Edition is a practical reference for students and professionals covering disaster response planning and mitigation. The book details the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) (U.S), the Federal Response Plan (FRP), and the roles, responsibilities, and interrelationship between FEMA and state and local emergency management systems. It also covers the changes in emergency management since the events of September 11, 2001, the latest information on the Office of Homeland Security, and includes several detailed appendices. This Second Edition is completely updated and continues this title’s success as a practical reference for students and professionals covering disaster response planning and mitigation. * Includes continual connection of theory to real-world examples of disasters including the Tsunami disaster and instances of terrorism * Contains dozens of diagrams and statistics illustrating disaster management history and facts * Provides links to Emergency Management Web sites and information sources, including homeland security sources

Decennial Digest, American Digest System

Decennial Digest, American Digest System

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4212
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Jurisprudence of sovereignty

Jurisprudence of sovereignty

commonwealth states, political instability and crises of constitutionalism : a comparative study of history of the constitutional problems of---Cyprus, Malaysia, Pakistan, Uganda, Ghana, Nigeria

  • Author: C. U. Anyanwu
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Commonwealth countries
  • Page: 572
  • View: 9164
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Medical Emergencies in the Dental Office - E-Book

Medical Emergencies in the Dental Office - E-Book

  • Author: Stanley F. Malamed
  • Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
  • ISBN: 0323075940
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 568
  • View: 6772
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This full-color text prepares dental professionals to promptly and proactively recognize and manage medical emergencies that may occur in the dental office. It details how to anticipate potential emergencies and what resources must be on hand to deal effectively with these situations. The book is arranged in eight sections concentrating on topics such as prevention of emergencies through patient evaluation (medical history) and specific types of more common emergencies that practitioners may encounter. Algorithms located in the appendices provide step-by-step diagrams showing the decision-making process in each of several common emergency situations. PABCD boxes throughout text remind the reader of American Heart Association guidelines on Positioning, Airway, Breathing, Circulation, and Definitive management and explain the relevance of these guidelines to the topic being discussed. Chapters are organized into sections based upon types of common emergency situations. Chapter on Preparation includes an updated emergency drug and equipment kit to reflect materials that are safe and currently available on the market. Full-color drawings and updated photographs add realism to situations and equipment. Information on AEDs (Automated Electronic Defibrillators) explains why these should be mandatory in every dental practice and describes how to use these devices properly. A Pediatric Considerations chapter covers pediatric CPR and guidelines for basic life support. A Medicolegal Considerations chapter discusses topics such as theories of liability, definitions of emergencies and standards, and limitations and requirements of the doctor-patient relationship. An Evolve® website contains the Instructor's Resource Manual, an electronic image collection, and an ExamView® test bank.

Sovereign in the State

Sovereign in the State

An Essay on Trauma and the Decision of the War on Terror

  • Author: Benjamin James Lozano
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: 490
  • View: 7086
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The Geopolitics of American Insecurity

The Geopolitics of American Insecurity

Terror, Power and Foreign Policy

  • Author: Francois Debrix,Mark Lacy
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134045409
  • Category: History
  • Page: 232
  • View: 1053
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This edited volume examines the political, social, and cultural insecurities that the United States is faced with in the aftermath of its post-9/11 foreign policy and military ventures. The contributors critically detail the new strategies and ideologies of control, governance, and hegemony America has devised as a response to these new security threats. The essays explore three primary areas. First, they interrogate the responses to 9/11 that resulted in an attempt at geopolitical mastery by the United States. Second, they examine how the US response to 9/11 led to attempts to secure and control populations inside and outside the United States, resulting in situations that quickly started to escape its control, such as Abu Ghraib and Katrina. Lastly, the chapters investigate links between contemporary regimes of state control and recently recognized threats, arguing that the conduct of everyday life is increasingly conditioned by state-mobilized discourses of security. These discourses are, it is argued, ushering in a geopolitical future characterized by new insecurities and inevitable measures of biopolitical control and governance.

Der Gesellschaftsvertrag

Der Gesellschaftsvertrag

oder Die Grundsätze des Staatsrechtes

  • Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
  • ISBN: 3954550539
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 108
  • View: 2702
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Mit seiner 1762 veröffentlichten Abhandlung übte der französische Philosoph Jean-Jacques Rousseau einen wesentlichen Einfluss auf die politische Theorie der Französischen Revolution aus, zugleich sind seine radikalen Schlussfolgerungen bis heute umstritten: Im Zentrum des Buchs steht die These, dass zwischen den Individuen der Gesellschaft ein unausgesprochener Gesellschaftsvertrag existiert. Orientiert ist dieser Vertrag jedoch nicht an den Rechten des Einzelnen. Vielmehr dient der Vertrag ausschließlich dem Gemeinwohl, das in Rousseaus Augen das zugleich Vernünftige und deshalb allein Gerechte ist.

A Study Relating to Sovereign Immunity

A Study Relating to Sovereign Immunity

  • Author: California Law Revision Commission
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Government liability
  • Page: 568
  • View: 7768
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